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Samaila Consultant Limited

SAMAILA CONSULTANT LIMI


Consulting Engineers & Planners
1c Collage Road
Kaduna

CULVERT No. CV 9 (2 x 2 Single Box

LOCATION 15 + 548

DATE June.04

DESIGN CODES:

1. BS 8110 : Part 1, 1985

2. BS 5400 : Part 2, 1989

SOIL PARAMETER:

Allowable Bearing Capacity

DESIGN DATA:

Strength of Concrete, Fcu

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Samaila Consultant Limited

Strength of Steel, Fy

Weight of Concrete

Weight of Soil (Filling)

Weight of Asphalt

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Samaila Consultant Limited

Ta= 100

f= 7200

d= 300

H= 2000

b= 300

t= 300

B=

BS 5400:
Part 2 LOADINGS
Table 1
gf1 = 1.15 For Self Weight of Culve

gf2 = 1.50 For Earthfill

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gf3 = 1.50 For HA Vehicle

gf4 = 1.30 For HB Vehicle

gf5 = 1.00 For Asphalt

DEAD LOAD

1 For Top Slab .=

2 For Bottom Slab .=

3 For Walls .=

4 Weight of Fill .=

5 Weight of Asphalt .=

IMPOSED LOAD

BS 5400: 1 Stresses due to HA Vehicle,

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Part 2
Clauses
6.2.5
6.2.6
and
6.4.1.5

Contact Length = 7540

sHA =

.=

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BS 5400: 2 Stresses due to HB Vehicle,


Part 2
Clauses
6.3.1
6.3.2
and
6.3.3 A

7200 2:1

2300

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Samaila Consultant Limited

7200

2300

Assuming 45 Units HB Vehicle, then the Lo

Contact Width = 7561

Contact Length = 10561

BS 5400: sHB =
Part 2
Clause .=
6.2.7

HB Loading

Design Load =

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.=

EARTH PRESSURE ON WALLS


BS 5400:
Part 2 f= 30 deg
Clause
5.8.1 Ka = 1 - sinf
1 + sinf

.= 0.33333333

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Samaila Consultant Limited

H2 =
7200

H1 =
9500
2300

At the Bottom of the Culvert

q2 = KaH1gsoilgf2

.= 85.5

q1 = KaH2gsoilgf2

.= 64.8

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Samaila Consultant Limited

HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE

Pw = gw h = 20

SURCHARGE PRESSURE

H1 =
9500

q3 = Ka(Load due to Vehicle

.= 67.2420263

CHECKING SOIL BEARING CAPACITY

Allowable Soil Bearing Capacity =

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Total Load on the Soil =

.=

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ANALYSIS OF FORCES
Total Bending Pressure on Members

Top Slab = [ Slab Wt + Fill + Asphal

Bottom Slab = [ Top Slab Wt + Base Wt

Side Walls, q1 = [ q1 + Surchage Pressure

q2 = [ q2 + Surchage Pressure

132
A

D
152.7

h= 2.3m

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Samaila Consultant Limited

L= 2.3m

N = [h/L] [ts/tw]3 =

N1 = N + 1 =

N2 = N + 2 =

N3 = N + 3 =

N4 = 4N + 9 =

N5 = 2N + 3 =

N6 = N + 6 =

N7 = 2N + 7 =

N8 = 3N + 8 =

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Samaila Consultant Limited

Moments due to roof loads [q=

MA = MB = MC = MD = [ -qL2/12N1] =

Moments due to weight of walls

q = [2G]/[1 + tw] =

MA = MB = [ +qL2N/12N1N3] =

MC = MD = [ -N5/N]MA =

Moments due to earth pressure [q=

MA = MB = [ -qh2NN7/60N1N3] =

MC = MC = [N8/N7]MA =

Moments due to surcharge pressure[ q =

MA = MB = MC = MD = [ -qh2N/12N1] =

Moments due to hydrostatic pressure[ q =

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Samaila Consultant Limited

MA = MB = q[h2NN7/60N1N3] =

MC = MD = [N8/N7]MA =

Moments due to excessive hydrostatic intern

MA = MB = q[h2NN3+L2N5]/[12N1N3] =

MC = MD = qN[h2N3-L2]/[12N1N3] =

SUMMATION OF MOMENTS

Case 1: culvert empty

MA = M B = -68.88

MC = M D = -78.09

Case 1: culvert empty

MA = M B = -58.96

MC = M D = -73.73

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Samaila Consultant Limited

Moments At The Spans

(i) Spans AB

A
68.8768235

RA = 244.15kN

RB = 244.15kN

x= 1.15m

Mmax = 71.51kNm

(Ii) Spans CD

C
78.0860014

RC = 268.32kN

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RD = 268.32kN

x= 1.15m

Mmax = 76.20kNm

(iii) Spans AD & BC

20.7

D,C
73.73

RA = 161.89kN

RF = 165.61kN

x= 0.64m

Mmax = 7.38kNm

Bending Moment Diagram

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68.88

7.38

78.09

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DESIGN OF WINGWALLS

C
1400

1900
300
300 C

300 5700
L= 6000

Force due to Earth Pressure on the Walls is

F = gf[0.5Kagsoil h2] =

This Force is acting at h/3 from the base of

Design Moment, M is given by M = F(h/3) =

K= 0.01

As = 215.43

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Samaila Consultant Limited

Provide R16 @ 200mm c/c (1005mm

Base Slabs of Wing Walls

The upward Pressure at the base slab is:

q = (self wt of the slab) =

Midspan Moment = ql2/8 =

K= 0.020736

As = 382.453189

Provide R16 @ 200mm c/c (1005mm2)

DESIGN OF REINFORCEMENT

TOP SLAB REINFORCEMENT


Support

Moment M, (kNm) 68.88

K 0.04

Z 237.50

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Samaila Consultant Limited

AS 813.03

R20 @ 200mm
(1571mm2)

BOTTOM SLAB REINFORCEMENT

Support

Moment M, (kNm) 78.09

K 0.05

Z 237.50

AS 921.74

R20 @ 200mm
(1571mm2)
Distribution Bars

Area of steel required, As = 0.13%bh =

Provide R16 @ 200mm c/c

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ULTANT LIMITED

2 x 2 Single Box Culvert)

200 kN/m2

25 N/mm2

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410 N/mm2

gconc 24 kN/m3

gsoil 18 kN/m3

gasph 23 kN/m3

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2300.=h

2000 300

2300

elf Weight of Culvert

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A Vehicle

B Vehicle

gf1 (d gconc) .= 8.28 kN/m2

gf1 (b gconc) .= 8.28 kN/m2

gf1 (2 t Hgconc).= 12.74 kN/m2

gf2 (f gsoil) .= 194.40 kN/m2

gf5 (Ta gasph) .= 2.30 kN/m2

TOTAL 226.00 kN/m2

sHA

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P=100 kN

2:1 340 7200

2300

2300

mm

P/ (Contact Area)

1.7589654469 kN/m2

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sHB

1.8m 6m 1.8m

361

2300

P P P P
1m 1m 1m

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SECTION A-A

ehicle, then the Load Per Axle is 450 kN

mm

mm

450 / (Contact Area)

5.6354452273 kN/m2

> HA Loading

gf4 sHB

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Samaila Consultant Limited

7.3260787955 kN/m2

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q1

2300

e Culvert

gsoilgf2

kN/m2

gsoilgf2

kN/m2

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kN/m2

q3

ad due to Vehicle + Fill)

kN/m2

PACITY

pacity = 200 kN/m2

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(Dead Load + Imposed Load)

233.32454033 kN/m2

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n Members

Wt + Fill + Asphalt + HB] = 212.31 kN/m2

Slab Wt + Base Wt + Walls Wt] = 233.32 kN/m2

Surchage Pressure] = 132 kN/m2

Surchage Pressure] = 152.74 kN/m2

212.306

132
B

C
152.74

233.325

ts = 0.3m

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tw = 0.3m

Err:511

13

11

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Samaila Consultant Limited

s [q= 212.31 kN/m2]

2
/12N1] = -46.80 kNm

22.15 kN/m2

1.22kNm

-6.10 kNm

ssure [q= 85.50 kN/m2]

-8.48 kNm

-10.37 kNm

e pressure[ q = 67.24 kN/m2]

2
N/12N1] = -14.82 kNm

tic pressure[ q = 20.00 kN/m2]

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Samaila Consultant Limited

1.98kNm

2.42kNm

e hydrostatic internal pressure[ q = 20 kN/m2]

12N1N3] = 9.92kNm

N1N3] = 4.35kNm

kNm

kNm

kNm

kNm

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Samaila Consultant Limited

212.31

B
2.3 68.877

233.32

D
2.3 78.086

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9x
132.042

A,B
2.3 68.877

y= 9

(From C)

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68.8768

71.51

7.38

76.20

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Samaila Consultant Limited

ure on the Walls is given by:

23.805 kN

from the base of the wall

n by M = F(h/3) =

18.2505 kNm

z= 237.5mm

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Samaila Consultant Limited

00mm c/c (1005mm2)

he base slab is:

7.2 kN/m2

32.4kNm

z= 237.5mm

/c (1005mm2)

EMENT cover = 40mm


d= 250mm

Midspan

71.51

0.05

237.50

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Samaila Consultant Limited

844.12

@ 200mm R20 @ 200mm


(1571mm2)

RCEMENT

Midspan

76.20

0.05

237.50

899.47

@ 200mm R20 @ 200mm


(1571mm2)

= 0.13%bh = 390 mm2

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Total Dead Load =


226kN/m2

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sHA =
1.76 kN/m2

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sHB =
5.64 kN/m2

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Design Load =
7.33 kN/m2

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q2

q2 =
85.5 kN/m2

q1 =
64.8 kN/m2

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q3 =
67.2 kN/m2

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h/3

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