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Gas Turbine Tutorials

Gas Turbine Cooling Water System Table of Contents

General
Introduction to Gas Turbines
The cooling water system is a pressurized, closed system, designed to accommodate the heat
Lubrication System
dissipation requirements of the turbine, the lubrication system, the turbine support legs and the flame
detector mounts. An aqueous solution of ethylene glycol is used in the system; therefore, it is capable Heat Exchanger and Filters
of performing its function throughout the year if the ambient temperatures are not too high. During
frost the cooling system must be filled with an aqueous solution of ethylene glycol. During high Cooling Water System
temperatures it is necessary to fill the system with a solution whose quality is specified in the "Gas
Compressor Section
turbine subcontractors literature chapter". In the text that follows, this solution is referred to as the
cooling water. Combustion Section

Included in the cooling water system are the cooling cells, the pumps, miscellaneous valves and Spark Plugs and Flame Detectors
certain control and protection devices. The cooling system is connected to the customer's cooling
Fuel Nozzles (Gas)
water system.
Enclosures

Functional Description Bearings

Exhaust Frame and Diffuser


The cooling water system circulates water as a cooling medium to maintain the lubricating oil at
acceptable lubrication system temperature levels and to cool several turbine components. The system Inlet and Exhaust Sections
normally operates at a slightly positive pressure which results when the fuel in the system expands
with the increase in temperature during operation. Turbine Section

Accessory Drive
During operation the coolant is supplied by the owner's cooling system and circulates through the
chosen lube oil, the turbine support legs (in parallel with the system of heat exchanger) and the flame Starting System
detector mounts. After absorbing the heat rejected by these items, the coolant flows through the
owner's water cooling system where it is cooled. Air Intake Filter

Ventilation System
The flame detector mounts are cooled to extend the life of the flame detectors. The coolant jackets on
the flame detector mounts provide a thermal break in the heat conduction from the combustor can Fuel System
housing to the flame detector instrument.
Dry Low Nox System

Inlet Bleed Heating


Flow regulating valves Modulated Inlet Guide Vane System

The coolant circuit for the lube oil has a temperature actuated 3-way valve (VTR-1) installed in the Cooling and Sealing Air System
coolant inlet line to the heat exchanger.
Ventilation and Heating System
This type of valve, which controls coolant flow to the heat exchanger, has a manually operated device
Compressor Washing
which can override the thermal element. The manual override device should be used only when the
valve's thermal element is inoperative but machine operation is required. Lube Oil feed header Off-Line Compressor Washing
temperature is sensed by the bulb associated with the valve which controls the flow of coolant Operation
through the heat exchanger and maintains the lube oil temperatures at predetermined values. The
valve automatically controls flow of the medium passing through it (coolant) to the heat exchanger by Gas Turbine On-Line Compressor
responding to temperature changes affecting the bulb. Washing

Bleed Heating System


The bulb contains a thermal-sensitive liquid which vaporizes when heated. Pressure thus generated
in the bulb is transmitted through the capillary tube to the bellows, which positions the valve disc to Fire Protection System (CO2)
control the flow of coolant through the heat exchanger. The valve is closed during turbine startup, and
will start to open as the sensed fluid temperature approaches the control setting.

At the inlet of each cooling water circuit (lube oil heat exchanger circuit and turbine support legs Blog Archive
circuit), an orifice allows water flow rate calibration to the circuit concerned.
2013 (28)
July (4)
Shut-off valves
Introduction to Gas
Turbines
Shut-off valves are provided in the piping so that the tube side of the lube oil heat exchanger may be
isolated from the water system for maintenance. Gas Turbine Lubrication
System
Temperature, pressure measuring and/or protective devices Thermocouples, WT_TL-1,-2 at turbine Gas Turbine Heat
support legs outlet located at GT cooling system outlet, give a GT cooling water temperature Exchanger and Filters
indication.
Gas Turbine Cooling
Water System
NOTE: For the recommendations about the various components of the circuits, refer to The "Gas June (24)
turbine subcontractors literature chapter".

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3 comments:
Oil and Gas Production Handbook
Zhu Y July 27, 2015 at 12:33 AM Instrumentation Tubing and their
Our pneumatic factory was founded in 2000,CHECK HERE. In decades of serving China Connections
pneumatic industry, we have built our reputation on product knowledge, world class suppliers,
application support, and value add services. Our commitment to our employees, customers
and vendors is the core of our business beliefs. In our factory, there are more than 80 front-
line workers, 3000 squares working shop.Our main products are air Pneumatic Cylinder,
solenoid valve and also a lot of pneumatic fittings like Air Gun.
Reply

CosmicMind August 17, 2015 at 11:06 PM


There is a better way of designing cooling system with water at least 10 deg C cooler than
ambient water even in summer . Would like to team up with some research and development
team on micro gas turbines for poor and developing countries
Reply

jose palmer September 12, 2017 at 2:34 AM


If you have more specific service-related questions, please contact us. Wed love to hear
from you.
Heating and Cooling Mississauga
Reply

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