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Engineering Mathematics 2015

SUBJECT NAME : Transforms and Partial Diff. Eqn.


SUBJECT CODE : MA6351
MATERIAL NAME : Answers - University Questions
MATERIAL CODE : JM13AM1004
REGULATION : R2013
UPDATED ON : April-May2015

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Name of the Student: Branch:

Unit I (Partial Differential Equations)

Formation of PDE and Standard Types of PDE


1. pq 0.

2. (bz cy ) p (cx az )q ay bx

2z 2z
3. c2 0
x 2 t 2

4. sxy 2( px qy 2z )

5. x 2 p yq 2 y 2

6. 4z y 2 x 2

7. 16z 3 27 x 2 y 2 0

8. x2 y2 z2 1

9. 3z x 2 xy y 2 0

10. log(az 1) x ay c

x a2 x y a2 y
11. z x a sinh1
2 2
y a cosh 1 c
2 2

2 2 a 2 2 a

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Engineering Mathematics 2015

2x 2y
12. 4 z 2 2 x a 2 4 x 2 a 2 sinh 1 2 y 4 y 2 a 2 a 2 cosh 1 c
a a

13. log z a log x 1 a 2 log y c

14. -----

PDE of Lagranges Linear Equation


1. x my nz , x 2 y 2 z 2 0

1 1 1
2. xyz , 0
x y z

3. xyz , x y z 0


4. xyz , x 2 y 2 z 2 0


5. x y z , xy z 2 0

6. x 2 y 2 z 2 , xy z 0
y 2
7. , x y2 z2 0
z

x y
8. , xy yz zx 0
yz


9. x 2 y 2z , xy z 0
2 2

Homogeneous Linear Partial Differential Equation
1 1
1. z f1 y x xf 2 y x sinh x y e x 2 y
4 9

5 x 3 3 x 2 y 1 2 x4 y
2. z f1 y x f 2 y 2 x e
6 2 36

x
3. z f1 y x f 2 y 2 x f 3 y 2 x cos 2 x y
12

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Engineering Mathematics 2015

4. -----

1
5. z f1 y x f 2 y 2 x f 3 y 3 x cos x 2 y
75

6. -----

x5 y x6 1 2 x y
7. z f1 y f 2 y 2 x e
20 60 8

1 x3 y x4
8. z f1 y x f 2 y 4 x cos 2 x y
6 6 8

9. -----

e x y
10. z f1 y x f 2 y x sin 2 x 3 y 2cos 2 x 3 y
25

11. -----

12. z f1 y 2 x f 2 y 3 x y cos x sin x

Non Homogeneous Linear Partial Differential Equation


1. -----

1
2. z f1 y x e 2 x f 2 y x 2cos x 2 y 3sin x 2 y
39

x ey
3. z f1 y e 3 x f 2 y x 2 x 5
2 4

1 2 y 1 1
4. z f1 y x e 2 x f 2 y 2 x x xy cos 2 x y
2 2 2 2

1
5. z e x f1 y x e 2 x f 2 y x e 2 x y
2

1
6. z f1 y e 2 x f 2 y x e 2 x y 2 x
6

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Engineering Mathematics 2015

Unit II (Fourier Series)

Fourier Series in the interval (0,2)


2 2 4 1 1 1 1 2
1. f ( x) 2 cos nx ; 2 2 2 2 ... .
3 n 1 n 1 2 3 4 6

2
4
2. f ( x) 2
cos nx .
3 n 1 n

4 cos nx
3. f ( x)
2

n isodd n2
.

3 2 1
4. f ( x) sin nx .
2 n isodd n

1 cos nx
5. f ( x) 4 .
2 n isodd n2


2 4 1
6. f ( x)
3 2
n n 1
2
cos n x

7. -----

Fourier Series in the interval (-,)

1
n
2
1 2
1. f ( x) 4 cos nx ; .
3 n 1 n2 n 1 n
2
6

1
n
2
2. f ( x) 4 cos nx .
3 n 1 n2

2 1
n

1
3. f ( x ) 1 cos x 2 cos nx .
n 2 1 n
2
2

4 cos nx
4. f ( x)
2

n isodd n2
.

2 4 cos nx
5. f ( x)


n iseven n2 1

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Engineering Mathematics 2015

2 cos nx 1
1 2 1 sin nx .
n
6. f ( x)
4 n isodd n 2
n 1 n

2 4 cos nx
7. f ( x)
2 n is odd n2

2 4 cos nx
8. f ( x)
2 n is odd n2

1 2 cos nx 1 1 1 1 1
9. f ( x)

sin x ;
n is even n 1 2
2

1.3 3.5 5.7
... .
2

8
10. f ( x)
n isodd n 22
cos nx .

L2 4 L2 1 n x 2 L 1
n 1 n 1
n x
11. f ( x) 2 cos sin ;
3 n 1 n 2 L n 1 n L
L4 1 16 L4 4 L2
y2 .
9 2 n1 n4 4 n2 2

1 1
n n
2
12. f ( x) 4 cos nx 2 sin nx .
3 n 1 n2 n 1 n

1
n

2 4
13. f ( x) 2
3

n 1 n2
cos n x

Half Range Fourier Series


1. -----

2. -----

3. -----

4 cos nx
4. f ( x)
2

n isodd n2
.

5. -----

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Engineering Mathematics 2015

1
n1
1
2 2 2 2
6. f ( x ) 1 cos x 2 cos nx ; 1 ... .
2 n 2 ( n 1)( n 1) 1.3 3.5 5.7 7.9 2

7. -----

8. -----

8 2
1 n x
9. f ( x)
n isodd n
3 3
sin .

4 1 n n x
10. f ( x )
n isodd n
2
sin
2
sin .

4k 1 n n x
11. f ( x )
nis odd n
2
sin
2
sin .

Complex Form of Fourier Series


sinh a
a in inx
1
n
1. f ( x) e .
n a 2 n2

1 e in x
n

2. f ( x ) sinh1 .
n 1 in

1
n
a sin a
e inx
3. f ( x)


n a 2 n2
, where " a " is not an integer.

4. There is no complex form of Fourier series for this function with given interval.

Harmonic Analysis
1. f ( x ) 0.75 0.37cos 1.004sin .

x 2 x x 2 x
2. f ( x ) 20.83 8.33cos 2.33cos 1.13sin 0.03sin .
3 3 3 3

3. f ( x ) 1.45 0.37cos x 0.1cos 2 x 0.17sin x 0.06sin 2 x .

4. f ( x ) 1.26 0.04cos x 0.53cos 2 x 0.1cos 3 x


0.63sin x 0.23sin 2 x 0.085sin 3 x

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Engineering Mathematics 2015

Unit III (Application of Partial Differential Equation)

One Dimensional Wave Equation with No Velocity


x at
1. y( x , t ) a sin cos

3 y0 x at y0 3 x 3 at
2. y( x , t ) sin cos sin cos
4 4

8k 2 n x n at
3. y( x , t ) 3 3 sin cos
n is odd n

8k 2 n x n at
4. y( x , t ) 3 3 sin cos
n is odd n


8b n n x n at
5. y( x , t ) sin sin cos
n 1 n
2 2
2


8b n n x n at
6. y( x , t ) sin sin cos
n 1 n
2 2
2 2 2

One Dimensional Wave Equation with Velocity


24 3 n x n at
1. y( x , t )
n isodd a n
4 4
sin sin

8k 3 n x n at
2. y( x , t )
n isodd a n
4 4
sin sin

3 V0 x at V0 3 x 3 at
3. y( x , t ) sin sin sin sin
4 a 12 a

One Dimensional Heat Equation with Both Ends Are


Change to Zero Temperature
2 n2 2 t

4 n n x
1. u( x , t ) 2 2 sin
2
sin e
n 1 n 2

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Engineering Mathematics 2015

40 1 4 1 n

n x 900
n t
2 2 2

2. u( x , t ) n sin 30 e
n1

One Dimensional Heat Equation with Both Ends Are


Change to Non Zero Temperature
n x 25n
2 2 2
t
80 1
1. u( x , t ) 90 3 x sin 5 e
n 1 n

n x 1600
n
2 2 2
t
80 1

n 1
2. u( x , t ) x 1 sin e
n 1 n 40
Two Dimensional Heat Equation
800 n n x n10 y
1. u( x , y ) 2 2 sin sin e
n is odd n 2 10

2. -----

3200 n x n y 1
3. u( x , y )
n is odd n
3 3
sin
20
sinh
20 sinh n

4. -----

5. -----

8k 2 n x n y
6. u( x , y ) 3 3
n is odd n
sin e

7. -----

Unit IV (Fourier Transform)

Fourier Transform with Deduction



2 1 cos s sin4 t
1. F ( s)
s 2
; 0 t 4 dt 3 .

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Engineering Mathematics 2015


2 1 cos s sin 2 t sin 4 t
2. F ( s)
s 2
; 0 t 2 dt 2 ; 0 t 4 dt 3 .

2 sin as
3. F ( s) .
s

2 sin as sin x
4. F ( s)
s
;
0
x
dx .
2

2 sin s s cos s x cos x sin x x 3


5. F ( s) 2
s 3 ;
0
x 3

cos
2
dx
16
.

2 sin s s cos s
6. F ( s) 2
s3

7. -----

Integration using Parsevals Identity



1.
4a 3


2.
4a


3.
140


4.
2ab(a b)


5.
2ab(a b)

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Engineering Mathematics 2015

Fourier Transform of Exponential Function &


Self Reciprocal Problems
2 s 2 a2 s2
1. Fs ( s ) ; F ( s ) ;
s2 a2 c s2 a2
2

1 as as
Fc ( s ) 2 2
2 2a s 2as 2a s 2as
2 2


s 2 2 a 1 ax
2. Fc ( s )
s a
2 2
; Fs ( s )
s a2
2
; s
0
2
a 2
cos sx ds
2a
e , a 0;


s
s
0
2
a 2
sin sx ds e ax , a 0 .
2
2 s
3. Fs ( s ) tan 1
a
2 x
4. f ( x) tan 1
a
s2
4
e
5. Fc ( s )
2
6. -----
s2
2
e 4a
7. Fc ( s )
a 2
s2
x
a
2
s
2

a2 x2 1
8. F e e 4a2
; F e 2 e 2
, therefore the given function is self-

2
reciprocal under Fourier transform.
9. -----
1 1
10. F
x s
11. -----
n n
2 sin 2 cos
12. Fs x n1 2 ( n ) ; F x n 1 2 ( n) .
c
sn sn

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Engineering Mathematics 2015

Fourier Transform of General Function & Derivations


1 sin(1 s )a sin(1 s )a
1. Fs ( s ) ;
2 1 s 1 s
1 cos(1 s )a cos(1 s )a 1 1
Fc ( s ) .
2 1 s 1 s 1 s 1 s


1 cos xs s sin xs
0
2. f ( x) ds
1 s2

2 2sin s sin 2 s
3. Fs ( s )
s2

2 1 cos x 2cos 2 x
4. f ( x)
x

f ( x ) dx
2 2
5. F ( s ) ds

6. Convolution Theorem:

If F ( s ) and G ( s ) are the Fourier transform of f ( x ) and g( x ) respectively then


F f ( x ) g( x ) F ( s ).G( s ) .

7. -----

Unit V (Z - Transforms)

Simple problems on Z - transforms


6z
1. Z n( n 1)( n 2) .
z 1
4

z
2. F ( z ) z z 2 log z
z 1

z
3. F ( z ) 1 z log .
z 1

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Engineering Mathematics 2015

z 2 z cos z sin
4. Z cos n 2 ; Z sin n 2 .
z 2 z cos 1 z 2 z cos 1

z 2 z cos z sin
5. Z cos n ; Z sin n 2 ;
z 2 z cos 1
2
z 2 z cos 1
z 2 cos z az sin
Z cos n 1 and Z a n sin n 2 .
z 2 z cos 1
2
z 2az cos a 2

z 2 z cos n z 2
6. Z cos n 2 ; Z cos z2 1 .
z 2 z cos 1 2

n 1 z z2 n 1 z2 z
7. Z sin 2 ; Z
2 4
cos 2 .
4 2 z 1 z 1 2 z 1
2

z 2 az cos ze aT sin bT
8. Z a n cos n Z
; e at
sin bt
z 2e 2aT 2 ze aT cos bT 1 .
z 2 2az cos a 2

z 2 rz cos ze aT ze aT cos bT
9. Z r cos n 2 Z e cos bt 2 2aT
n at
.
z 2rz cos r 2 ; z e 2 ze aT cos bT 1

10. -----

11. -----

12. -----

13. -----

Inverse Z - transform by Partial Fraction


10 z
Z 1 2 10 2 1 .
n
1.
z 3 z 2

z 3 20 z 1 1
2. Z 1 (2)n n2 (2)n (4)n .
z 2 z 4 2
3
2

z z 2 z 2 z
Z
1
1 n ; Z 1
n
3. 2n 1 .
( z 1)( z 1) ( z 1)( z 2)
2

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Engineering Mathematics 2015

z2 z n
4. Z 1 1 cos .
( z 1)( z 1)
2
2

5. -----

Inverse Z - transform by Residue Theorem


z( z 1)
1. Z 1 3
n2 .
( z 1)

2. -----

Inverse Z - transform by Convolution Theorem


z2
1. Z 1 n1 n1
4 3 .
z 4 z 3

z2
2. Z 1 1 3 .
n 1

( z 1)( z 3)
1
2
z
( n 1) a .
n
3. Z 2
(z a)
z2 b n 1 a n 1
4. Z 1 .
( z a )( z b) ba
1 z2 b n 1 a n 1
5. Z .
( z a )( z b) ba


n n
1 8z 2 1 1
6. Z 2 .
(2 z 1)(4 z 1) 2 4

1 z2 n
1 1
n

7. Z 2 .
z 1 / 2 z 1 / 4 2 4

8. -----

Formation &Solution of Difference Equation


1. yn 2 4 yn1 3 yn 0 .

2. yn 2 6 yn1 9 yn 0 .

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Engineering Mathematics 2015

3. yn 2 4 yn1 4 yn 0 .

4. (3n 1) yn 2 (3n 2) yn1 2(3n 4) yn 0 .

8 1
5 2 .
n n
5. yn
7 7

6. -----

7. -----

1 1 1
2 3 n 3 .
n n n 1
8. un
25 25 5

9. -----

10. -----

11. -----

2 1 1
2 4 .
n n
12. un
3 2 6

1 k 1 k 1 k
13. y( k ) 1 cos sin .
2 2 2 2 2

n
14. yn .
2

n n 5n 8
15. yn c1 cos c2 sin 2n .
2 2 25

16. -----

4 8
2 .
n
17. yn
3 3

----All the Best----

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