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Realizing the Future: 3D XPoint

August 2015

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1 December 10, 2015 | 2015 Micron Technology, Inc.


The Challenge: Nonvolatile Memory Latency

As CPU technology scales, memory IO creates significant performance bottlenecks


Huge latency gap in memory hierarchy between volatile and non-volatile technologies
Latency gap widens with the introduction of DDR4

Non-Volatile Memory Volatile Memory

10 s
100ns

100 s
PCIe SSD DRAM

10ns
SAS SSD
10ms

CPU Cache 1ns

HDD

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Introducing 3D XPoint

1000X
FASTER
THAN NAND

1000X
ENDURANCE
OF NAND

10X
DENSER
THAN CONVENTIONAL MEMORY 3D XPoint
3 December 10, 2015 | 2014 Micron Technology, Inc.
3D XPoint Bridges the Memory / Storage Gap
Value Proposition Applications
CPU NV Write-Cache for RAID
Cache
Low-latency NVM for Memory or Meta-Data Storage
DRAM Ultra-fast Storage Tier
Whole System Persistence / Back-up
Cost per Bit

Application
Target
Storage Tiering / Server Cache
PCIe
SSD
SAS Application Data Logging
SATA
SSD
SSD HDD
Data Deduplication
ps ns s ms s In-memory Database
Latency

Vertical Markets
Oil & Gas Exploration Big Data Analytics Financial Transactions Medical Research

4 December 10, 2015 | 2014 Micron Technology, Inc.


3D XPoint Changes the Game

3D XPoint will take in-memory computing to the next level with performance
and capacities unreachable with todays offerings.

In Memory Mobile Storage Embedded Client

Taking analytics and Unleashing and Blazingly fast low- High speed and Revolutionary
transactional unifying a new latency storage for endurance that memory for your
processing to the wave of mobile the most can drive the most ultimate PC
next level platform demanding demanding experience
integrating memory architectures with applications embedded unifying memory
and storage memory and requiring high applications and storage for
together for storage in a single speed real time your next-gen PC
performance never memory device computing
seen before

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Backgrounder

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This new class of non-volatile memory
is a revolutionary technology that allows for
quick access to enormous data sets and
enables entirely new applications.
- Mark Adams, Micron

For decades, the industry has searched for


ways to reduce the time between the
processor and data. This new class of non-
volatile memory achieves this goal and
brings game-changing performance to
memory and storage solutions.
- Rob Crooke, Intel

7 December 10, 2015 | 2014 Micron Technology, Inc.


A Game Changer

In the semiconductor industry


there are often break-through, The decade-long partnership
game-changing technologies between Intel and Micron to build better
that are unveiled and then NAND (or Flash) memory used in solid-
there are the sort of absolute state drives has yielded an entirely new
thermonuclear detonations like form of computer memory. This is a big
Intel and Micron just jointly deal. Its as if a 10-year effort by Ford
announced Yep, mind blown. and GM to build a better car also
produced a Segway.
- Dave Altavilla, Forbes
- Stacey Higginbotham, Fortune

8 December 10, 2015 | 2014 Micron Technology, Inc.


The Past: Nonvolatile Memories in Server Architectures
Lower
R/W
DDR
DRAM In the old days of not long ago
Latency
CPU we had two primary types of
Higher memories in computers: DRAM
Bandwidth
and Hard Disk Drive (HDD)
Higher
Endurance DRAM was fast and volatile and
HDDs were slower, but
nonvolatile
Data moves from the HDD to
DRAM where it is the fed to the
processor
The processor writes the result
in DRAM and then it is stored
back to disk to remain for future
use
PCH
Lower
cost SATA
per bit Disk

9 December 10, 2015 | 2014 Micron Technology, Inc.


The Present: Nonvolatile Memories in Server Architectures
Lower
R/W
DDR
DRAM System performance increased
DDR
Latency
CPU as the speed of both the
Higher
NVDIMM interface and the memory
Bandwidth
accesses improved
Higher NAND
Endurance DRAM NAND Flash considerably
Flash
improved the nonvolatile
response time
SATA and PCIe made further
optimization to the storage
interface
PCIe NVMe NAND NVDIMM provides battery- or
SSD Flash super capacitor-backed DRAM,
operating at DRAM-like speeds
SATA SATA NAND and retains data when power is
PCH SSD Flash removed
Lower
cost SATA
per bit Disk

10 December 10, 2015 | 2014 Micron Technology, Inc.


The Future: Nonvolatile Memories in Server Architectures
Lower DDR
R/W
DDR
DRAM
Latency
CPU
Higher
Bandwidth NVDIMM
Higher NAND
Endurance DRAM
Flash

DDR/PCIe
3D XPoint 3D XPoint technology provides
the benefit in the middle
It is considerably faster than
PCIe NVMe NAND NAND Flash
SSD Flash
Performance can be realized on
PCIe or DDR buses
SATA SATA NAND
PCH SSD Flash Lower cost per bit than DRAM
Lower while being considerably more
cost
per bit
SATA
Disk dense

11 December 10, 2015 | 2014 Micron Technology, Inc.


More Resources

micron.com, media kit


https://www.brighttalk.com/webcast/663/153467

12 December 10, 2015 | 2014 Micron Technology, Inc.