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Power Problems and UPS Solutions

Power Problem Definition Visual Cause Effect UPS Solution

Power Surges Voltage Above 110% Heavy electrical Memory loss, data Standby
of rated RMS voltage equipment being errors, flickering Line
(range of usable turned off. lights, equipment Interactive
voltage) for one or shutoff. On-line
more cycles.

Power Sags Voltage below 80% to Heavy equipment Memory loss, data Standby
85% of rated RMS being turned on, errors, flickering Line
voltage for one or starting large lights, equipment Interactive
more cycles. electrical motors, shutoff. On-line
switching power
mains (internal or
utility).

Power Failure A zero-voltage Circuit breaker File corruption, Standby


condition lasting for tripped, power hardware damage, Line
more than two cycles. distribution failure, data loss and Interactive
utility power failure. corruption. On-line

Brownout A steady state of Heavy equipment Premature hardware


RMS voltage under being turned on, failure, data loss Line
nominal by a relatively starting large and corruption. Interactive
constant percentage. electrical motors, On-line
switching power
mains (internal or
utility) over loaded
circuit breakers.

Electrical Line Noise Radio Frequency Electrical motors, Data errors, data
Interference (RFI) and relays, motor control loss, keyboard lock- Line
Electromagnetic devices, broadcast up, storage loss, Interactive
Interference (EMI) transmissions, system lock up. On-line
and other frequency microwave radiation,
causes. distant electrical
storms.

High Voltage Spikes Rapid voltage peak Lightning strikes, Memory loss, data
up to 6,000 volts with switching error, data loss, On-line
a duration of 100mS operations, arcing components stress.
to cycle. faults, static
discharge.

Frequency Variation A change in Erratic operation of Disk crash,


frequency of more emergency power keyboard lockup, On-line
than 3 Hz. generators, unstable program failures,
frequency power data corruption.
sources.

Switching Transients Rapid voltage peak Lightning strikes, Memory loss, data
up to 20,000 volts switching error, data loss, On-line
with a duration of operations, arcing components stress.
10mS to 100mS. faults, static
discharge.

Harmonic Distortion Radio Frequency Electrical motors, Data errors, data


Interference (RFI) and relays, motor control loss, keyboard lock- On-line
Electromagnetic devices, broadcast up, storage loss,
Interference (EMI) transmissions, system lock up.
and other frequency microwave radiation,
causes. distant electrical
storms.
Uninterruptible Power Systems (UPS) Technology

Which UPS Is Right For My Systems?

You can choose from a variety of power protection devices to shield critical data and equipment from power
problems.
The most sophisticated of these devices are Uninterruptible Power System (UPS). There are three types of UPS: Standby
or Off-line, Line-interactive and On-line. To choose the UPS that is right for you, first determine the level of power
protection that you need. Then match those needs to the appropriate UPS.

Standby UPS Technology Line-interactive UPS Technology On-line UPS Technology

Standby Power Systems or Off-line Line-interactive UPS provide basic On-line UPS are ideally suited for
UPS offer a low price solution to power protection at mid-range your critical equipment. Devices
environments that require minimal prices. This design offers low-grade that are particularly sensitive to
power protection. Utility power is voltage regulation by bumping the power fluctuations also need the
provided during normal operation. utility voltage up or down before added protection and reliability of
Utility voltage and frequency passing it through to your electronic on-line design. On-line UPS protect
changes are not regulated by the system. During the UPS voltage against all types of power problems
standby UPS, and pass through to changes, the line interactive UPS and continuously use the inverter to
your equipment. uses the battery for regulation. create 100% new, clean, regulated
When voltage or frequency Although line-interactive UPS AC power for your systems.
changes become severe, the provide more regulation than Brownouts, spikes, and surges are
standby UPS inverter converts DC standby, battery life is often isolated from your equipment by the
battery power to AC power to run sacrificed. The number of transfers on-line double conversion design.
your system. to and from battery by the line- Battery conservation is an
Standby UPS, provides that interactive design exceeds that of essential factor in your decision to
minimum protection required by the on-line design by as much as purchase an on-line UPS. On-line
your electronic system. 10 to 1 during brownouts, spikes designs, use the battery less than
and surges. any other UPS technology,
Line-interactive designs, offer increasing the life of your UPS.
more protection than a standby
UPS at a competitive price.