SEU 2012: Electronic SEU 2012 El t i

3  Analysis of Diode Circuits 3 – Analysis of Diode Circuits
Ab Al‐Hadi Ab Rahman Dept. of Microelectronics and Computer Engineering The Faculty of Electrical Engineering Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

The Shockley/Diode Equation The Shockley/Diode Equation
I D = I S (e
VD nVT

− 1)

Where Is is reverse saturation current VD i th f is the forward bi d biased voltage d lt n is the ideality factor (usually equals to 1) VT is the thermal voltage (usually 26mV)
-- When VD is negative (reversed biased), ID ≈ -IS -- When VD is positive (forward biased), ID ≈ I S (e
VD nVT

)

Example: Given Is = 10pA draw the I-V characteristics of the diode 10pA, IV
©Hadi, The Faculty of Electrical Engineering, UTM – January 2008

Simplified Diode Characteristics Simplified Diode Characteristics

VD must be less than or equal to the knee voltage!
©Hadi, The Faculty of Electrical Engineering, UTM – January 2008

Diode Equivalent Circuit for  Simplified Model
Forward Biased, Vs ≥ Vk
D1 Vs
Vs + Vk 0 Ohms Vs + Vk -

Reversed Biased, Vs < Vk Biased
D1 Vs
Vs + Vs Inf inite Ohms

Vs + Vs -

Where Vk (ideal) = 0 V, Vk (Ge) = 0.3 V (G ) 0 3 V, Vk (Si) = 0.7 V
©Hadi, The Faculty of Electrical Engineering, UTM – January 2008

Steps for diode circuit analysis Steps for diode circuit analysis
1. Replace forward biased diodes with relevant  voltage source l 2. Replace reversed biased diodes with open‐ circuit 3. Perform KVL to find node voltages  g 4. Perform Ohm’s Law to find current

©Hadi, The Faculty of Electrical Engineering, UTM – January 2008

Example 1 Example 1
Find VD, VR and IR in the circuit below.
Si VR

0.7V 0 7V 2k IR + VR

3V IR

2k

3V

V IR = Using KVL, Using Ohm’s Law, R 3 V = 0.7 V + VR 2.3V VR = 2.3 V = VD = 0.7 V 07 2kΩ = 1.15mA ©Hadi, The Faculty of Electrical Engineering, UTM – January 2008

Example 2 Example 2
Find VD, VR and IR in the circuit below.
Si

+
VR

3V

2k + VR -

3V IR

2k

3V IR

Since it is an open circuit IR = 0 circuit, Using Ohm’s Law, VR = IRR =0 Using KVL, VD = 3V
©Hadi, The Faculty of Electrical Engineering, UTM – January 2008

Example 3 Example 3
Find VR and IR in the circuit below.
Si Ge +12V VR 5.6k 5 6k IR

0.7V +12V

0.3V 5.6k 5 6k IR + VR

©Hadi, The Faculty of Electrical Engineering, UTM – January 2008

Example 3 (cont.) Example 3 (cont.)
Using KVL KVL, 12 V = 0.7 V + 0.3 V + VR VR = 11 V Using Ohm’s Law,

IR =

V R 11V = 5.6kΩ = 1.96mA

©Hadi, The Faculty of Electrical Engineering, UTM – January 2008

Example 4 Example 4
Find V1, V2 and Vo in the circuit below.
+ V1 +10V 4.7k 2.2k -5V V Vo 4.7k 4 7k 2.2k -5V
©Hadi, The Faculty of Electrical Engineering, UTM – January 2008

Si Vo + V2

+ V1 +10V

0.7V

+ V2

Example 4 (cont.) Example 4 (cont.)
Using KVL KVL, 10 V = V1 + 0.7 V + V2 – 5 V1 + V2 = 10 – 0.7 + 5 = 14.3 V Using Ohm’s Law to get current Therefore, Th f V1 = IR1 = 2.07 mA x 4.7 kΩ = 9.73 V V2 = IR2 = 2.07 mA x 2 2 kΩ 2 07 2.2 = 4.55 V V2 = Vo + 5 = 4.55 V Vo = 4.55 – 5 = -0.45 V

V +V I= 1 2 R1 + R2 14.3V = 4.7 k + 2.2k

14.3V = 6.9kΩ = 2.07 mA A
©Hadi, The Faculty of Electrical Engineering, UTM – January 2008

Example 5 Example 5
The hardest one! Please try at home. -- Find Vo1 and Vo2 in the figure below
Ge -10V 10V Si Vo1 1.2k 3.3k 3 3k Vo2

Solution: Vo1 = -9 V Vo2 = - 6.6 V

©Hadi, The Faculty of Electrical Engineering, UTM – January 2008

Conclusion
• This class This class
– Diode circuit analysis using DC voltages

• Next class Next class
– Diode rectifier circuits using AC voltages – Power supply circuits

©Hadi, The Faculty of Electrical Engineering, UTM – January 2008

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