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CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION
DCC5183
PROJECT MANAGEMENT AND PRACTICES
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MANAGEMENT CONCEPT

Management is an organization in which different


class of people work together to produce qualitative
and economical products with available resources
such as capital, material and etc..

(B.L Gupta & Amit Gupta : Construction


Management and Machinery)

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MANAGEMENT CONCEPT

The overall planning, control and coordination


of a project from inception to the completion, to
meet customer needs and to ensure projects are
completed within predetermined time and
quality of work.

-Charted Institute of Building (CIOB)-

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CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT

General definition:

The coordination of management activities


group that exceed the common tasks for
architects, engineers and the consultants that
related to all sources of production through a
process so that the goals are achieved

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CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
CHARACTERISTIC

CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
Planning
Organizing
Directing
Coordinating
Controlling

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MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONS

Planning

Organizing

Leading

Controlling

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PLANNING

Defining goals

Establish strategy

Develop plan to coordinate activities

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ORGANIZING

Creating work structure and systems by


determining:
What task are to be done.
Who is to do.
How task are grouped
Who reports to whom.
Where decisions are to be made

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LEADING

Instilling enthusiasm by:


Motivating subordinates

Directing others

Selecting effective communication

Resolve conflict

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CONTROLLING

Ensuring things go well by:


Monitoring activities

Monitoring performance

Taking corrective action

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PROJECT

A unique set of co-ordinated activities,


with definite starting and finishing points,
undertaken by an individual or
organization to meet specific objectives
within defined schedule, cost and
performance parameters
BS 6079-1 Guide to Project Management

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PROJECT CHARACTERISTICS

Specific
Objectives

Risk and
Uncertainty Unique

PROJECTS

Managing
Timeline
Diversity

Managing
Resources

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PROJECT MANAGEMENT

The planning, monitoring and control of all


aspects of a project and the motivation of
all those involved in it, in order to achieve
the project objectives within agreed criteria
of time, cost and performance

The British Standards Institute.

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PROJECT MANAGEMENT

Conceptually, PM is a about managing an


organization using internal & external
resources to achieve objectives.

Time, cost & quality are the most important


aspects that need careful consideration.

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THE BENEFIT / IMPORTANCE OF
PROJECT MANAGEMENT

Facilitates control at all levels & make project progress more


visible.

Timely delivery of project & hand over client

Provides effective & systematic communication

Secure client trust & satisfaction.

Sustained long term customer relationship.

Maintain higher staff morale

Secure high profit and improve productivity.


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PARTIES INVOLVED DURING
CONSTRUCTION

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OWNER / CLIENT

The person/organisation who want to


implement the project.

Project can be private or public use.

Owner must have sufficient funds either from his


own savings or loans from financial institution.

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OWNER / CLIENT FUNCTION

Funding the project.

Provide idea and information to consultant.

Have the authority to appoint Nominated


Subcontractor (NSC).

Obtaining approval for the project from


relevant authorities.

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PROJECT MANAGER

A project manager may be defined as:

The individual who has the responsibility,


authority and accountability assigned to him or
her to achieve safely the project objectives
within agreed time, cost and quality criteria

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PROJECT MANAGER

A project manager may be defined as:

The individual who has the responsibility,


authority and accountability assigned to him or
her to achieve safely the project objectives
within agreed time, cost and quality criteria

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PROJECT MANAGER ROLE

Administer & manage a project

Led the project team to finish the project within


the predetermined quality, scope time and cost.

Make the final decision and take the risk.

Perform basic managerial function (plan,


organize, direct & control).

Coordinate activities
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PROJECT MANAGER ROLE

Make recommendations on projects.

Set the design, drawings and spec for tender


and constructions.

Prepare all estimations (time, cost etc.)

Administer all contract and certificate /


licenses and etc.

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PROJECT MANAGER ROLE

Among the things that should be monitored by


Project Manager are:
1. Time
2. Cost
3. Quality
4. Environment
5. Human resources
6. Safety
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PROJECT MANAGER CRITERIA

Possess the field knowledge and experience.

Have practical experience in project


management.

Good track record and reliable.

Possess the following skill/knowledge:


Technical knowledge

Soft skill / people skill


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CONTRACTOR

Group of builders selected through a tender process.

Perform & supervise construction work.

Contractor can be :
i. Main contractor

ii. Sub-contractor
Domestic Sub-contractor

Nominated Sub-contractor

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ARCHITECT

Prepare sketches and carefully examine all aspects to


produce an attractive and comfortable building.

Prepare plan for authority approvals.

Ensure the design comply with laws and regulations.

Act as management representatives to monitor and


leading a construction project.

Prepare sketch plan, architecture plan and etc.

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OTHERS

Discuss the roles of the following professions in civil


engineering construction.

Land surveyor

Quantity surveyor

Engineer.

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RELEVENT AUTHORITIES

Local council

Telecommunication

Electricity

Fire Department

Public Work Department

Department of Environment

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IMPLEMENTATION OF PROJECT
MANAGEMENT

There are 3 types of construction


project:

1. Conventional method

2. Design and built method

3. Turnkey method

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CONVENTIONAL METHOD

CLIENT CONTRACTOR CLIENT


Planning Operation
Construction
Design Maintenance
Procurement

CLIENT

DESIGN
CONTRACTOR
TEAM

SUBCONTRACTOR 1 SUBCONTRACTOR 2
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CONVENTIONAL METHOD
CHARACTERISTICS
RESPONSIBILITY

CLIENT/OWNER CONSULTANT CONTRACTOR

Construction and failure


Professional & Design and any design
or flaw caused by
contractual. failure or flaw.
construction.

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TURNKEY AND DESIGN & BUILT
METHOD

CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR CLIENT


Planning
Construction Operation
Design
Maintenance
Procurement

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TURNKEY AND DESIGN & BUILT
METHOD

CLIENT

CLIENT
CONSULTANT

DESIGN & BUILT


CONTRACTOR

SUBCONTRACTOR DESIGN TEAM

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DESIGN & BUILT METHOD

Contractor obligation is to design and construct.

Contractor are paid based on interim basis.

Client will deal with 1 organization that


responsible for every aspect of project.

The organization could be 1 company or


partnership between different firm.

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TURNKEY METHOD

An organization is responsible for design,


construct and fund the cost of project.

Client will make the payment after the project is


finish. (when contractor turn the key to client)

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