A simpliﬁed neutrosophic set is characterized by a truth-membership function, an indeterminacy-membership function, and a falsity-membership function, which is a subclass of the neutrosophic set and contains the concepts of an interval neutrosophic set and a single valued neutrosophic set.

© All Rights Reserved

8 views

A simpliﬁed neutrosophic set is characterized by a truth-membership function, an indeterminacy-membership function, and a falsity-membership function, which is a subclass of the neutrosophic set and contains the concepts of an interval neutrosophic set and a single valued neutrosophic set.

© All Rights Reserved

- Building an Australasian Commons: Case Studies Volume 1
- Assignment QT Col MBA Semester 1
- TRIBAL REALITIES Issue 11 Beta4 Hi
- Ursala - Notational Innovations for Rapid Application Development
- Graphing Calculator Capabilities for the Exams
- the pumpkin
- circles
- CMII
- Q1 test
- ixl equivalencies
- Cingolani_Alcala-Fdez_jFuzzyLogic_2013_IJCIS.pdf
- Eulers Method
- 4-6 remediation worksheets.doc
- SHORTEST PATH PROBLEM UNDER INTERVAL VALUED NEUTROSOPHIC SETTING
- Algebra EOC Practice Test
- padlet - ccmmslions 2ndperiod m7plus
- 1314 Sample Lab Module 3 (1).docx
- Annual Program XIIS
- Algebra I Progress
- hana

You are on page 1of 7

Article

Subtraction and Division Operations of Simplified

Neutrosophic Sets

Jun Ye

Department of Electrical and Information Engineering, Shaoxing University, 508 Huancheng West Road,

Shaoxing 312000, China; yejun@usx.edu.cn

Received: 4 April 2017; Accepted: 2 May 2017; Published: 4 May 2017

an indeterminacy-membership function, and a falsity-membership function, which is a subclass of

the neutrosophic set and contains the concepts of an interval neutrosophic set and a single valued

neutrosophic set. It is a powerful structure in expressing indeterminate and inconsistent information.

However, there has only been one paper until nowto the best of my knowledgeon the subtraction

and division operators in the basic operational laws of neutrosophic single-valued numbers defined

in existing literature. Therefore, this paper proposes subtraction operation and division operation for

simplified neutrosophic sets, including single valued neutrosophic sets and interval neutrosophic

sets respectively, under some constrained conditions to form the integral theoretical framework

of simplified neutrosophic sets. In addition, we give numerical examples to illustrate the defined

operations. The subtraction and division operations are very important in many practical applications,

such as decision making and image processing.

neutrosophic set; single valued neutrosophic set

1. Introduction

To handle uncertainty, imprecise, incomplete, and inconsistent information, Smarandache [1]

proposed the concept of a neutrosophic set from philosophical viewpoint, which is a powerful general

formal framework and generalizes the concepts of the classic set, fuzzy set [2], intuitionistic fuzzy set

(IFS) [3], interval-valued intuitionistic fuzzy set (IVIFS) [4]. In the neutrosophic set, a truth-membership

function (x), an indeterminacy-membership function (x), and a falsity-membership function (x) are

characterized independently, where (x), (x), and (x) are real standard or nonstandard subsets of ] 0,

1+ [, such that (x): X ] 0, 1+ [, (x): X ] 0, 1+ [, and (x): X ] 0, 1+ [. Thus, the sum of (x), (x),

and (x) satisfies the condition 0 sup(x) + sup(x) + sup(x) 3+ . Then, the obvious advantage

of the neutrosophic set is that its components are best fit in the representation of indeterminacy and

inconsistent information, because IFSs and IVIFSs cannot represent indeterminacy and inconsistent

information. However, the defined range of (x), (x), and (x) in a neutrosophic set is the non-standard

unit interval ] 0, 1+ [, the neutrosophic set is merely used for philosophical applications, while its

engineering applications are difficult. Hence, the defined range of (x), (x), and (x) can be constrained

to the real standard unit interval [0, 1] for convenient engineering applications. Thus, a single

valued neutrosophic set (SVNS) [5] and an interval neutrosophic set (INS) [6] were introduced as

the subclasses of a neutrosophic set. Further, Ye [7] introduced a simplified neutrosophic set (SNS),

which is a subclass of the neutrosophic set and contains a SVNS and an INS, and defined some basic

operational laws over SNSs, such as addition and multiplication. Then, Zhang et al. [8] indicated

some unreasonable phenomena of the basic operational laws over SNSs in [7] and improved some

Information 2017, 8, 51 2 of 7

basic operational laws of INSs. Recently, Smarandache [9] defined the subtraction and division

operators in the basic operational laws of neutrosophic single-valued numbers and presented some

restrictions for these operations of neutrosophic single-valued numbers and neutrosophic single-valued

overnumbers/undernumbers/offnumbers. However, as far as we know, there has not been any

investigation on the subtraction and division operations over SNSs (SVNSs and INSs) until now. Since

SNSs are the extension of IFSs and IVIFSs, the subtraction and division operations are very important

in forming the integral theoretical framework of SNSs. Then, the subtraction and division operations

of IFSs and IVIFSs have been investigated by some researchers [1014]. Motivated by the subtraction

and division operations for IFSs and IVIFSs, this paper will try to develop the two new subtraction

and division operations for SNSs to form the integral theoretical framework of SNSs.

The remainder of this paper is arranged as follows. Section 2 describes some basic knowledge on

SNSs and their basic operations. Section 3 proposes the subtraction operation and division operation

over SNSs. Some remarks are contained in Section 4.

For the science and engineering applications of neutrosophic sets, Ye [7] introduced the SNS

concept, which is a subclass of the neutrosophic set, and gave the following definition of a SNS.

function N (x), an indeterminacy-membership function N (x), and a falsity-membership function N (x), where

the functions N (x), N (x) and N (x) are singleton subintervals/subsets in the real standard interval [0, 1],

such that N (x): X [0, 1], N (x): X [0, 1], and N (x): X [0, 1]. Thus, a SNS N is denoted by

N = {h x, N ( x ), N ( x ), N ( x )i| x X }.

The SNS is a subclass of the neutrosophic set and contains the concepts of INS and SVNS [7].

If the values of the three functions N (x), N (x) and N (x) in the SNS N are taken as three real

numbers, i.e., N (x), N (x), N (x) [0, 1], then the SNS N is reduced to the SVNS N. Thus, the sum of

N (x), N (x), and N (x) satisfies the condition 0 N (x) + N (x) + N (x) 3.

For SVNSs N1 = x, N1 (x), N1 (x), N1 (x) |x X and N2 = x, N2 (x), N2 (x), N2 (x) |x X ,

there are the following relations [5]:

(1) Complement: N1c = x, N1 (x), 1 N1 (x), N1 (x) |x X ;

(2) Inclusion: N1 N2 if and only if N1 (x) N2 (x), N1 (x) N2 (x), and N1 (x) N2 (x) for any x

in X;

(3) Equality: N1 = N2 if and only if N1 N2 and N2 N1 .

Since SVNSs are the special case of INSs, the operational laws of the SVNSs N1 and N2 are

introduced as follows [8]:

(1) N1 + N2 = x, N1 (x) + N2 (x) N1 (x)N2 (x), N1 (x)N2 (x), N1 (x)N2 (x) |x X ;

(* + )

x, N1 (x)N2 (x), N1 (x) + N2 (x) N1 (x)N2 (x),

(2) N1 N2 = |x X ;

N1 (x) + N2 (x) N1 (x)N2 (x)

nD E o

(3) N1 = x, 1 (1 N1 (x)) , N (x), (x) |x X , > 0;

1 N1

nD E o

(4) N1 = x, , N1 (x), 1 (1 N1 (x)) , 1 (1 N1 (x)) |x X , > 0.

If the values of the three functions N (x), N (x), and N (x) in the SNS N are taken as three interval

numbers, i.e., N (x), N (x), N (x) [0, 1], then the SNS N is reduced to the INS N. Thus, the sum of

N (x), N (x), and N (x) satisfies the condition 0 supN (x) + supN (x) + supN (x) 3.

For INSs N1 = x, N1 (x), N1 (x), N1 (x) |x X and N2 = x, N2 (x), N2 (x), N2 (x) |x X ,

there are the following relations [6]:

Information 2017, 8, 51 3 of 7

x, [infN1 (x), supN1 (x)],

* +

(1) Complement: N1c = [1 supN1 (x), 1 infN1 (x)], |x X ;

[inf (x), sup (x)]

N1 N1

(2) Inclusion: N1 N2 if and only if infN1 (x) infN2 (x), supN1 (x) supN2 (x), infN1 (x)

infN2 (x), supN1 (x) supN2 (x), infN1 (x) infN2 (x), and supN1 (x) supN2 (x) for any x

in X;

(3) Equality: N1 = N2 if and only if N1 N2 and N2 N1 .

Whereas, the operational laws of the INSs N1 and N2 are introduced as follows [8]:

* x, [infN1 (x) + infN2 (x) infN1 (x)infN2 (x), +

sup (x) + sup (x) sup (x)sup (x)],

N1 N2 N1 N2

(1) N1 + N2 = |x X ;

[infN1 (x)infN2 (x), supN1 (x)supN2 (x)],

[infN1 (x)infN2 (x), supN1 (x)supN2 (x)]

x, [infN1 (x)infN2 (x), supN1 (x)supN2 (x)],

[infN1 (x) + infN2 (x) infN1 (x)infN2 (x),

* +

(2) N1 N2 = supN1 (x) + supN2 (x) supN1 (x)supN2 (x)] |x X ;

[infN1 (x) + infN2 (x) infN1 (x)infN2 (x),

supN1 (x) + supN2 (x) supN1 (x)supN2 (x)]

(* + )

x, [1 (1 infN1 (x)) , 1 (1 supN1 (x)) ]

(3) N1 = (x), sup (x)], [inf (x), sup (x)] |x X , > 0;

[infN 1 N1 N1 N1

x, [infN1 (x), supN1 (x)],

* +

(4) N1 = [1 (1 infN1 (x)) , 1 (1 supN1 (x)) ], | x X , > 0.

[1 (1 infN1 (x)) , 1 (1 supN1 (x)) ]

However, there is little any investigation on the subtraction and division operations over SNSs

(SVNSs and INSs) in existing literature. Therefore, we should investigate the subtraction and division

operations of SNSs to form the integral theoretical framework of SNSs.

For any two given SVNSs A and B, the problem is how to find the unknown SVNS C = A B, which

satisfies C (x), C (x), C (x) [0, 1] and 0 C (x) + C (x) + C (x) 3 for x X. Based on the addition

operation of SVNSs for A = C + B, there are A (x) = C (x) + B (x) C (x)B (x), A (x) = C (x)B (x), and

A (x) = C (x) B (x). Then, we can obtain the following results:

A (x) B (x)

C ( x ) = (1)

1 B (x)

A ( x)

C ( x) = (2)

B ( x)

A ( x)

C ( x) = (3)

B ( x)

Then, the functions C (x), C (x), C (x) in C must take values in the interval [0, 1] and satisfy the

following conditions:

A (x) B (x)

0 1 for B (x) A (x) and B (x) 6= 1 (4)

1 B (x)

A ( x)

0 1 for B (x) A (x) and B (x) 6= 0 (5)

B ( x)

Information 2017, 8, 51 4 of 7

A ( x)

0 1 for B (x) A (x) and B (x) 6= 0 (6)

B ( x)

Obviously, the inequalities (4)(6) hold only if A B, B (x) 6= 1, B (x) 6= 0, and B (x) 6= 0. Therefore,

we can give the following definition of subtraction operation for SVNSs.

Definition 2. For any two given SVNSs A and B, the subtraction operation of the SVNSs A and B are defined as

A ( x ) B ( x ) A ( x ) A ( x )

AB = x, , , |x X (7)

1 B (x) B ( x ) B ( x )

Example 1. Let us consider two SVNSs A and B in the universe of discourse X = {x}: A = {<x, 0.7, 0.4, 0.3>|

x X} and B = {<x, 0.5, 0.6, 0.5>| x X}. Then, we find the unknown SVNS C = A B.

nD E o

= AB = x, 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.3

C 10.5 , 0.6 , 0.5 | x X (8)

= {h x, 0.4, 0.6667, 0.6i| x X }.

For any two given SVNSs A and B, the problem is how to find the unknown SVNS D = A/B,

which satisfies D (x), D (x), D (x) [0, 1] and 0 D (x) + D (x) + D (x) 3 for x X. Based on the

multiplication operation of SVNSs for A = D B, there are A (x) = D (x)B (x), A (x) = D (x) + B (x)

D (x)B (x), and A (x) = D (x) + B (x) D (x) B (x). Then, we can obtain the following results:

A (x)

D (x) = (9)

B (x)

A ( x ) B ( x )

D ( x ) = (10)

1 B ( x )

A ( x ) B ( x )

D ( x ) = (11)

1 B ( x )

Then, the functions D (x), D (x), D (x) in D must take the values in the interval [0, 1] and satisfy

the following conditions:

A (x)

0 1 for B ( x ) A ( x ) and B ( x ) 6= 0 (12)

B (x)

A ( x ) B ( x )

0 1 for B ( x ) A ( x ) and B ( x ) 6= 1 (13)

1 B ( x )

A ( x ) B ( x )

0 1 for B ( x ) A ( x ) and B ( x ) 6= 1 (14)

1 B ( x )

Obviously, the inequalities (11)(13) hold only if B A, B (x) 6= 0, B (x) 6= 1, and B (x) 6= 1. Thus,

we can give the following definition of division operation for SVNSs A and B.

Definition 3. For any two given SVNSs A and B, the division operation of the SVNSs A and B is defined as

A ( x ) A ( x ) B ( x ) A ( x ) B ( x )

A/B = x, , , |x X (15)

B (x) 1 B ( x ) 1 B ( x )

Information 2017, 8, 51 5 of 7

Example 2. Let us consider two SVNSs A and B in the universe of discourse X = {x}: A = {<x, 0.6, 0.3, 0.2>|

x X} and B = {<x, 0.8, 0.2, 0.1>| x X}. Then, we need to find the unknown SVNS D = A/B.

nD E o

0.30.2 0.20.1

D = A/B = x, 0.6

0.8 , 10.2 , 10.1 | x X (16)

= {h x, 0.75, 0.125, 0.1111i| x X }.

Based on the aforementioned discussions in the subtraction and division operations of SVNSs,

we can give the subtraction and division operations of INSs as the extension of the subtraction and

division operations of SVNSs.

If we only consider A (x), A (x), A (x) [0, 1] and B (x), B (x), B (x) [0, 1] in two SNSs A and

B as interval numbers, i.e., two INSs A and B, the problem is how to find the unknown INS C = A B,

which satisfies C (x), C (x), C (x) [0, 1] and 0 supC (x) + supC (x) + sup C (x) 3 for x X. Based

on the addition operation of INSs for A = C + B, there are A (x) = [infC (x) + infB (x) infC (x)infB (x),

supC (x) + supB (x) supC (x)supB (x)], A (x) = [infC (x)infB (x), supC (x)supB (x)], and A (x) =

[inf C (x)inf B (x), sup C (x)sup B (x)]. Then, we can obtain

C ( x ) = , (17)

1 inf B ( x ) 1 sup B ( x )

infA ( x ) supA ( x )

C ( x ) = , (18)

infB ( x ) supB ( x )

infA ( x ) supA ( x )

C ( x ) = , (19)

infB ( x ) supB ( x )

Then, the functions C (x), C (x), C (x) in C must take the subintervals in the real standard

interval [0, 1]:

h i

inf A ( x )inf B ( x ) sup A ( x )sup B ( x )

C ( x ) = 1inf B ( x )

, 1sup B ( x )

[0, 1]

(20)

for inf A ( x ) inf B ( x ), sup A ( x ) sup B ( x ) and B ( x ) 6= [1, 1]

h i

infA ( x ) supA ( x )

C ( x ) = ,

infB ( x ) supB ( x )

[0, 1]

(21)

for infB ( x ) infA ( x ), supB ( x ) supA ( x ) and B ( x ) 6= [0, 0]

h i

inf ( x ) sup ( x )

C ( x ) = infA( x) , supA( x) [0, 1]

B B (22)

for infB ( x ) infA ( x ), supB ( x ) supA ( x ) and B ( x ) 6= [0, 0]

Obviously, Equations (18)(20) hold only if A B, B (x) 6= [1, 1], B (x) 6= [0, 0], and B (x) 6= [0, 0].

Thus, we can give the following definition of subtraction operation for INSs A and B.

Definition 4. If we consider two INSs A and B, the subtraction operation of the INSs A and B is defined as

h i +

x, inf A ( x)infB ( x) , sup A ( x)supB ( x) ,

*

1inf B ( x ) 1sup B ( x )

AB = h i h i |x X (23)

infA ( x ) supA ( x ) inf ( x ) sup ( x )

,

inf ( x ) sup ( x )

, infA( x) , supA( x)

B B B B

which is valid under the conditions A B, B (x) 6= [1, 1], B (x) 6= [0, 0], and B (x) 6= [0, 0].

Information 2017, 8, 51 6 of 7

Example 3. Let us consider two INSs A and B in the universe of discourse X = {x}: A = {<x, [0.7, 0.9], [0.4, 0.5],

[0.3, 0.4]>| x X} and B = {<x, [0.5, 0.7], [0.5, 0.6], [0.5, 0.6]>| x X}. Then, we need to obtain the unknown

INS C = A B.

* 0.70.5 0.90.7

x, 10.5 , 10.7 ,

+

C = AB = h

0.4 0.5

i h

0.3 0.4

i |x X

0.5 , 0.6 , 0.5 , 0.6 (24)

= {h x, [0.4, 0.6667], [0.8, 0.8333], [0.6, 0.6667]i| x X }.

If we only consider A (x), A (x), A (x) [0, 1] and B (x), B (x), B (x) [0, 1] in two SNSs

A and B as interval numbers, i.e., two INSs A and B, the problem is how to find the unknown

INS D = A/B, which satisfies D (x), D (x), D (x) [0, 1] and 0 supD (x) + supD (x) + sup D (x)

3 for x X. Based on the multiplication operation of INSs for A = D B, there are A (x) =

[infD (x)infB (x), supD (x)supB (x)], A (x) = [infD (x) + infB (x) infD (x)infB (x), supD (x) +

supB (x) supD (x)supB (x)], and A (x) = [inf D (x) + inf B (x) inf D (x)inf B (x), sup D (x) + sup B (x)

sup D (x)sup B (x)]. Then, we can obtain the following:

inf A ( x ) sup A ( x )

D (x) = , (25)

inf B ( x ) sup B ( x )

D ( x ) = , (26)

1 infB ( x ) 1 supB ( x )

infA ( x ) infB ( x ) supA ( x ) supB ( x )

D ( x ) = , (27)

1 infB ( x ) 1 supB ( x )

Then, the functions D (x), D (x), D (x) in D must take the subintervals in the real standard

interval [0, 1]:

h i

inf ( x ) sup ( x )

D ( x ) = infA( x) , supA( x) [0, 1]

B B (28)

for inf B ( x ) inf A ( x ), sup B ( x ) sup A ( x ) and B ( x ) 6= [0, 0]

h i

infA ( x )infB ( x ) supA ( x )supB ( x )

D ( x ) = 1infB ( x )

, 1supB ( x )

[0, 1]

(29)

for infB ( x ) infA ( x ), supB ( x ) supA ( x ) and B ( x ) 6= [1, 1]

h i

infA ( x )infB ( x ) supA ( x )supB ( x )

D ( x ) = 1inf ( x )

, 1sup ( x )

[0, 1]

B B (30)

for infB ( x ) infA ( x ), supB ( x ) supA ( x ) and B ( x ) 6= [1, 1]

Obviously, the inequalities (25)(27) hold only if B A, B (x) 6= [0, 0], B (x) 6= [1, 1], and B (x) 6=

[1, 1]. Thus, we can give the following definition of division operation for the INSs A and B.

Definition 5. If we consider two INSs A and B, the division operation of the SNSs A and B is defined as

h i

inf A ( x ) sup A ( x )

* x, ,

inf B ( x ) sup B ( x )

, +

h i

infA ( x )infB ( x ) supA ( x )supB ( x )

A/B = 1 inf ( x )

, 1 sup ( x )

, | x X (31)

B B

h inf ( x)infB ( x) supA ( x)supB ( x) i

A

,

1inf ( x ) B 1sup ( x ) B

which is valid under the conditions B A, B (x) 6= [0, 0], B (x) 6= [1, 1], and B (x) 6= [1, 1].

Information 2017, 8, 51 7 of 7

Example 4. Let us consider two INSs A and B in the universe of discourse X = {x}, which are given by A = {<x,

[0.4, 0.6], [0.3, 0.5], [0.2, 0.4]>| x X} and B = {<x, [0.6, 0.8], [0.2, 0.3], [0.1, 0.3]>| x X}. Then, we need

to obtain the unknown INS D = A/B.

nD h i h iE o

D = A/B = 0.4 0.6

x, 0.6 , 0.8 , 0.3 0.2 , 0.50.3 , 0.20.1 , 0.40.3 | x X

10.2 10.3 10.1 10.3

(32)

= {h x, [0.6667, 0.75], [0.125, 0.2857], [0.1111, 0.1429]i| x X }.

4. Conclusions

In this paper, we proposed the subtraction and division operations of the SNSs (SVNSs and INSs)

with corresponding constrained conditions. Meantime, numerical examples were provided to show

the subtraction and division operations over SNSs (SVNSs and INSs). The subtraction and division

operations are very important in forming the integral theoretical framework of SNSs and may have

many practical applications, such as decision making and image processing.

Acknowledgments: This paper was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China

(No. 71471172).

Conflicts of Interest: The author declares no conflict of interest.

References

1. Smarandache, F. A Unifying Field in Logics. Neutrosophy: Neutrosophic Probability, Set and Logic; American

Research Press: Rehoboth, NM, USA, 1999.

2. Zadeh, L.A. Fuzzy Sets. Inf. Control 1965, 8, 338353. [CrossRef]

3. Atanassov, K.T. Intuitionistic fuzzy sets. Fuzzy Sets Syst. 1986, 20, 8796. [CrossRef]

4. Atanassov, K.T.; Gargov, G. Interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy sets. Fuzzy Sets Syst. 1989, 31, 343349.

[CrossRef]

5. Wang, H.; Smarandache, F.; Zhang, Y.Q.; Sunderraman, R. Single valued neutrosophic sets. Multisp. Multistruct.

2010, 4, 410413.

6. Wang, H.; Smarandache, F.; Zhang, Y.Q.; Sunderraman, R. Interval Neutrosophic Sets and Logic: Theory and

Applications in Computing; Hexis: Phoenix, AZ, USA, 2005.

7. Ye, J. A multicriteria decision-making method using aggregation operators for simplified neutrosophic sets.

J. Intell. Fuzzy Syst. 2014, 26, 24592466.

8. Zhang, H.Y.; Wang, J.Q.; Chen, X.H. Interval neutrosophic sets and their application in multicriteria decision

making problems. Sci. World J. 2014. [CrossRef] [PubMed]

9. Smarandache, F. Subtraction and division of neutrosophic numbers. Crit. Rev. 2016, 13, 103110.

10. Atanassov, K.T. Remark on operations subtraction over intuitionistic fuzzy sets. Notes Intuit. Fuzzy Sets

2009, 15, 2024.

11. Atanassov, K.T. On Intuitionistic Fuzzy Sets Theory; Springer: Berlin, Germany, 2012.

12. Atanassov, K.T.; Riecan, B. On two operations over intuitionistic fuzzy sets. J. Appl. Math. Stat. Inform. 2006,

2, 145148. [CrossRef]

13. Chen, T.Y. Remarks on the subtraction and division operations over intuitionistic fuzzy sets and

interval-valued fuzzy sets. Int. J. Fuzzy Syst 2007, 9, 169172.

14. Lu, Z.K.; Ye, J. Decision-making method for clay-brick selection based on subtraction operational aggregation

operators of intuitionistic fuzzy values. Open Cybern. Syst. J. 2016, 10, 283291. [CrossRef]

2017 by the author. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access

article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution

(CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

- Building an Australasian Commons: Case Studies Volume 1Uploaded byCreative Commons Australia
- Assignment QT Col MBA Semester 1Uploaded byZahid Nazir
- TRIBAL REALITIES Issue 11 Beta4 HiUploaded bymarco spada
- Ursala - Notational Innovations for Rapid Application DevelopmentUploaded byDarthShrine
- Graphing Calculator Capabilities for the ExamsUploaded bydebbienw
- the pumpkinUploaded byids_76
- circlesUploaded byFreya Rafanan
- CMIIUploaded byGustavo Bravo
- Q1 testUploaded byAbhishek Kumar
- ixl equivalenciesUploaded byapi-261669468
- Cingolani_Alcala-Fdez_jFuzzyLogic_2013_IJCIS.pdfUploaded byWilmer Alfredo Conde
- Eulers MethodUploaded byAravind Naidu
- 4-6 remediation worksheets.docUploaded byMary Joy Luga
- SHORTEST PATH PROBLEM UNDER INTERVAL VALUED NEUTROSOPHIC SETTINGUploaded byAnonymous 0U9j6BLllB
- Algebra EOC Practice TestUploaded byBrent Richmond
- padlet - ccmmslions 2ndperiod m7plusUploaded byapi-234347533
- 1314 Sample Lab Module 3 (1).docxUploaded byMaria Guerrero
- Annual Program XIISUploaded byPurwanti Wahyuningsih
- Algebra I ProgressUploaded byJunaid K Jumani
- hanaUploaded byPayal Mohanty
- Notes on Lecture and Self StudyUploaded by格子格子
- Chapter 8Uploaded byNg Wei Liang
- powerpoint for lewallenUploaded byapi-452856235
- unit 1 - limitsUploaded byapi-457118443
- Improved cosine similarity measures of simplified neutrosophic setsfor medical diagnosesUploaded byDon Hass
- Guide Authors Croatica Chemica ActaUploaded byDan1jel
- FunctionsUploaded byabhishek_ru
- cc5 (4)Uploaded byjunkzxc
- 1 gen math june 13Uploaded byexcelcis lotilla
- Cocogoose-Narrows-CC-BY-NCLicensepdf.pdfUploaded byLeandro Pastor

- Different Forms of Triangular Neutrosophic Numbers, De-Neutrosophication Techniques, and their ApplicationsUploaded byMia Amalia
- On Neutrosophic Crisp Semi Alpha Closed SetsUploaded byMia Amalia
- Single Valued Neutrosophic Numbers and Analytic Hierarchy Process for Project SelectionUploaded byMia Amalia
- Neutrosophic Triplet Normed Ring SpaceUploaded byMia Amalia
- An OWA Distance-Based, Single-Valued Neutrosophic Linguistic TOPSIS Approach for Green Supplier Evaluation and Selection in Low-Carbon Supply ChainsUploaded byMia Amalia
- Rough Neutrosophic Multisets Relation with Application in Marketing StrategyUploaded byMia Amalia
- Neutrosophic Units of Neutrosophic Rings and FieldsUploaded byMia Amalia
- Multi-Objective Portfolio Selection Model with Diversification by Neutrosophic Optimization TechniqueUploaded byMia Amalia
- Neutrosophic Crisp Bi-Topological SpacesUploaded byMia Amalia
- Bi-level Linear Programming Problem with Neutrosophic NumbersUploaded byMia Amalia
- A Revisit to NC-VIKOR Based MAGDM Strategy in Neutrosophic Cubic Set EnvironmentUploaded byMia Amalia
- An Inventory Model under Space Constraint in Neutrosophic Environment: A Neutrosophic Geometric Programming ApproachUploaded byMia Amalia
- Fuzzy Neutrosophic Alpha m-Closed Sets in Fuzzy NeutrosophicTopological SpacesUploaded byMia Amalia
- Smarandache Curves According to q-Frame in Euclidean 3-SpaceUploaded byMia Amalia
- On Smarandache Curves of Involute-evolute Curve According to Frenet Frame in Minkowski 3-spaceUploaded byMia Amalia
- On Geodesics of the Tangent and Normal Surfaces Defined by TN-Smarandache Curve According to Frenet FrameUploaded byMia Amalia
- A Generalization of Surfaces Family with Common Smarandache Asymptotic Curves in Galilean SpaceUploaded byMia Amalia
- Smarandache Curves of Bertrand Curves Pair According to Frenet FrameUploaded byMia Amalia
- A Neutrosophic Set Based Fault Diagnosis Method Based on Multi-Stage Fault Template DataUploaded byMia Amalia
- Fundamental Homomorphism Theorems for Neutrosophic Extended Triplet GroupsUploaded byMia Amalia
- A Forecasting Model Based on Multi-Valued Neutrosophic Sets and Two-Factor, Third-Order Fuzzy Fluctuation Logical RelationshipsUploaded byMia Amalia
- Fixed Point Theorem for Neutrosophic Triplet Partial Metric SpaceUploaded byMia Amalia
- SINGLE-VALUED NEUTROSOPHIC HYPERGRAPHSUploaded byMia Amalia
- Research on Construction Engineering Project Risk Assessment with Some 2-Tuple Linguistic Neutrosophic Hamy Mean OperatorsUploaded byMia Amalia
- Some Generalized Dice Measures for Double-Valued Neutrosophic Sets and Their ApplicationsUploaded byMia Amalia
- Some Generalized Dice Measures for Double-Valued Neutrosophic Sets and Their ApplicationsUploaded byMia Amalia
- Dual Generalized Nonnegative Normal Neutrosophic Bonferroni Mean Operators and Their Application in Multiple Attribute Decision MakingUploaded byMia Amalia
- Different Methodologies in Treating UncertaintyUploaded byMia Amalia
- Design of Fuzzy Cognitive Model of Mutual Influence and Connectivity of Innovative TechnologiesUploaded byMia Amalia
- The Location Selection for Roundabout Construction Using Rough BWM-Rough WASPAS Approach Based on a New Rough Hamy AggregatorUploaded byMia Amalia

- Getty Response Letter 1Uploaded byLeslie Gabriel
- JBoss Enterprise SOA Platform-5-5.0.2 Release Notes-En-USUploaded byPraveen Adupa
- 111599.pdfUploaded byclive.mascarenhas909
- National Biodiversity Data Centre Annual Review 2016Uploaded byDavid Manser
- Awakening to Reality: A Guide to the Nature of MindUploaded byxabir
- Understanding Policy Change, How to Apply Political Economy Concepts in Practice.Uploaded byCristian
- Popular Culture and World Politics FedericaUploaded byFariz Abi Karami
- Muskegon County FOIAUploaded byEric C. Grimm
- 06 Goal ModelingUploaded byDaniela Muncaci
- World0developm0000digital0dividendsUploaded byAlinDragos
- Grim Portents 1 - Larger.pdfUploaded byBryan Flowers
- wipo_pub_943_2017Uploaded byJay Lazaro
- What is PoetryUploaded bynettie7o7black
- G3_FluencyPacket_web.pdfUploaded bySherille Miles
- The 2100 PendulumUploaded byMichael Haupt
- Computer Masti Level 3Uploaded byRupesh Kumar Shah
- 5 WhyTableAnalysis Step by StepUploaded byAnonymous xifNvN
- Probability and Statistics Basic a Full CourseUploaded byJuiced-IN it
- 9781464812194.pdfUploaded byMihaela Nichifor
- Fedora 13 Burning ISO Images to Disc en USUploaded byvikash81
- Global Tuberculosis Report 2018 (WHO).pdfUploaded byRevan Radit-ya Emperor-Genk'z
- Anoka_Hennepin_Probability_and_Statistics-4 2013 NEW.pdfUploaded byhfarrukhn
- Road Signs in IndiaUploaded bySaurav Kumar
- Fair Use ChecklistUploaded bywiredinstructor
- What are the Creative Commons licences? facts heetUploaded byCreative Commons Australia
- Musicians' GuideUploaded byguda021
- Cluster From ScratchUploaded byb4ck3r
- Mapping Society Spatial Dimensions Social Cartography Vaughan 2018Uploaded byMonica Rivera
- The Forrest ReviewUploaded byMikeJackson
- Living is Dying – How to Prepare for Dying, Death and BeyondUploaded byJeffrey Jc Leonard