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This assignment is about sensitivity analysis and Hyperbolic excess velocity.

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You are on page 1of 2

In todays lecture you must have come across burn out velocity, hyperbolic

excess velocity, escape velocity, heliocentric frame of reference, Earth frame of

reference. I will work out some problems and add theory to give you grasp of

the terms.

Burnout velocity

is consumed at a constant rate of 4500 kg/s and is ejected at a velocity of 2548

m/s relative to the rocket. Burn time is 100 s. Calculate the velocity of the

rocket at burnout.

M

v = ve ln gt

M qt

Where q- flow rate. M is lift off mass and ve is exhaust velocity.

velocity. This velocity is what you can control. Any error in this velocity will

lead to change in Departure velocity

If you launch a spacecraft with velocity equal to escape velocity, your space-

craft has limited options after leaving gravitational field of planet. It takes a

parabolic path.

But if you are going to give additional velocity to spacecraft over the es-

cape velocity- then the excess velocity will not change assuming there are NO

OTHER PLANETS NEARBY to impart external force.

is higher than the escape velocity.

v 2 = vbo 2 vesc 2

1

In previous example discussed, if the Earth was taken as departure planet,

then escape velocity is 11.2 km/s. This means that the spacecraft will not be

able to escape with given burnout velocity of 2.1 km/s.

[NOTE: The problem was solved for first stage of GSLV. It may achieve

velocity greater than 2.1 km/s with higher stages. The values given in problem

are approximation based on Isp and Mass (M)]

Departure Velocity

can write departure velocity as

vD = v1 + v

Here v1 is planets velocity around the Sun. It is given by expression:

r

v1 =

R

where R is 1 AU.

planets velocity and spacecraft velocity, you can find the velocity relative to

the Sun. This velocity is given by Departure velocity

Let burn out velocity be 13 km/s. Then hyperbolic excess velocity is given

by:

s

2

v = vb2

rp

v = 3.6km/s and v1 = 7.707km/s

So departure velocity is 3.6 km/s + 7.707 km/s= 11.307 km/s.

Prove that vD = v1 + v

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