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Geology & Tectonics of

N. Pakistan, with Reference to


Kashmir Earthqauke 2005
M. Asif Khan
National Centre of Excellence in Geology
Peshawar
Chaman-
Hindukush
Seismic Zone Himalayan
Seismic Zone

Makran Seismic Zone Kuchch Seismic Suliamn-Kirthar


Zone
Seismic Zone
UYGURISTAN

Sinistral Faulting Thrust Faulting

K2

Dextral faulting
Tectonic Map of the Himalaya
TECTONIC MAP OF NORTHERN PAKISTAN
Geological
Map of
Northern
Pakistan
Geological
Map of
Balakot
Muzaffarabad
Geological
Map of
Muzarabad
-Bagh area
PreCambrian Limestone, Muzafarabad
Formation
MUREE FORMATION
HAZARA FORMQATION
epicenter
SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) Observation from Space

l ite
t e l
R sa
S A Re
ce
ivi
t ng
O rbi ra
da
r wa
Tr v e
an
sm
i ss SAR image (~100km)
wa ion
v e ra
d ar
Target
Pixel (~10m)
Ground surface
Satellite Radar Images
ENVISAT (European Space Agency) SAR images

Before the earthquake After the earthquake Look


D
September 17, 2005 October 22, 2005 of the irection
satel
lite
Difference between Two Radar Images
Radar line-of-sight (LOS) displacement

Sept. 19 - Oct. 24, L


D ir e ction and Sept. 17- Oct. 22, ofook Directio
Look satellite the s
atelli
n
Sept.3 - Nov. 12 2005
of the te
2005
Upward Displacement
Upward Displacement
Active Faults by Nakata and Kumahara (2005)
Northward Displacement
Active Faults by Nakata and Kumahara (2005)
Map Showing Active Faults In
Peshawar Basin
Darband Fault Across Tarbela Dam
Active Fault in Manki Area (East)
Active Fault in Manki Area (west)