You are on page 1of 25

Advanced Propulsion Systems

Beyond Rocket Science -


An Overview

2012 - 9th Annual


Aerospace Systems & Technology Conference
Dr. Don V Black
http://www.DonVBlack.com
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Overview
History - Over 800 years of chemical rockets
Alternatives Beyond Rocket Science
Challenges
1. Exit from this Gravity Well
2. Travel Time
a. Interplanetary
b. Interstellar
Theoretical Solutions
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
What do we Really Know?
There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio,
Than are dreamt of in your philosophy.
Shakespeare, Hamlet Act II, Scene V

1. What we know we know (or think we know)


2. What we know we dont know (this gedanken)
3. What we dont know we know
4. What we dont know we dont know
- Don V Black (not Rumsfled)
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Requirements of Alternatives
1. Popper Falsifiable
2. Conservation of Momentum
3. Conservation of Energy
4. External Force Requirement (for acceleration)
5. Must be Sustainable
6. Consistent with Empirical Observation
7. Controllable (on/off, throttled, directional)
8. Practical Performance Levels
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
The New Aether
Dark Energy (6.9 x 10-27 Kg/m3)
Dark Matter (2.1 x 10-27 Kg/m3)
Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) (10-31)
Quantum Vacuum (1018 Kg/m3)
Virtual Particle Pairs
Galactic Hydrogen (3.3 x 10-21 Kg/m3)
Spacetime
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Hypothetical Alternatives
Two fundamental propulsion strategies:

Diverge from the Geodesic


Use Force to push a massive object off the
Geodesic

Modify the Geodesic


Engineer Spacetime to make the Geodesic take
you where you want to go, i.e. let you `fall there.
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Diverge from the Geodesic (via Force)
Interstellar Jet
Space Sails (Solar, Light, Magnetic, Particle Beam)
Inertial Modification (Rocket, Oscillator)
Electromagnetic Catapults (<12 km/s)

SpaceX Engine Test Firing


Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Diverge from the Geodesic (via Force)
Interstellar Jet (M*V + m*v = 0)
Chemical Propulsion
Bussard Ramjet with Beamed Energy
(a magnetic field a few miles to hundreds of miles in diameter)
(Fission, Fusion, or Antimatter collecting and heating The New Aether)
Matter-Antimatter Annihilation Propulsion
Fusion Propulsion (Rocket or Ramjet) via ICF or MCF
Fission Fragment Propulsion (Rocket & Sail)
Advanced Nuclear Electric Propulsion (NEP)
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Diverge from the Geodesic (via Force)
Interstellar Jet (M*V + m*v = 0)
Bussard Ramjet with Beamed Energy (a magnetic field miles in diameter)
(Fission, Fusion, or Antimatter collecting and heating The New Aether)
Fission, Fusion, or Matter-Antimatter Annihilation Propulsion
(Project Orion in early 1960s: 10 M hp. Mars roundtrip for 200 men is four weeks)
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Diverge from the Geodesic (via Force)
Interstellar Jet (M*V + m*v = 0)
Fusion Propulsion (Rocket or Ramjet) via ICF or MCF
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Diverge from the Geodesic (via Force)
Interstellar Jet (M*V + m*v = 0)
Advanced Nuclear Electric Propulsion (NEP)

Variable Specific Impulse


Electric Ion Propulsion (EIT)
Magnetoplasma Rocket
Asteroid Deflection Tool
(VSIMR)
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Diverge from the Geodesic (via Force)
Space Sails
Differential, Induction & Diode
Solar Sails & Light Sails
Magnetic Sails & Particle Beam Sails
Fission Fragment
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Diverge from the Geodesic (via Force)
Space Sails
Differential, Induction & Diode
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Diverge from the Geodesic (via Force)
Space Sails
Solar Sails & Light Sails
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Diverge from the Geodesic (via Force)
Space Sails
Magnetic Sails & Particle Beam Sails
Fission Fragment
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Use the Geodesic
Inertial Modification (Rocket, Oscillator)
Reduce Rocket/Fuel Inertia Ratio
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Hypothetical Alternatives
Modify the Geodesic (Engineer Spacetime)

Field Drives (Diametric, Disjunction, Gradient,


Bias)
Negative Matter & Negative Energy
(Everything not forbidden is compulsory Gel-Mann)
Warp Drives & Worm Holes
Gravity Control
There are more
Advanced Propulsion Systems 2012
Modify the Geodesic (Engineer Spacetime)
Field Drives (Diametric, Disjunction,
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Modify the Geodesic (Engineer Spacetime)
Field Drives (Gradient, Bias)
Advanced Propulsion Systems 2012
Modify the Geodesic (Engineer Spacetime)
Negative Matter & Negative Energy
(Everything not forbidden is compulsory Gel-Mann)

Negative Mass is such a Handy Tool


Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Modify the Geodesic (Engineer Spacetime)
Warp Drives & Worm Holes
(need Negative Mass)
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Modify the Geodesic (Engineer Spacetime)
Gravity Control & Anti-Gravity
Gravitomagnetic Forces (GR Frame Dragging)
Negative Energy Antigravity
(GR negative energy density & negative pressure are EFE solutions)

Cosmological Antigravity
(Energy Density Pressure, Vacuum Energy of Dark Energy, Inflation)

Levi-Civita & Gertsenshtein Effects


(Possible EMF GR interactions shown in EFE & EMF Eqns)
(Levi-Civita: Gravitational field induced by EMF - Pauli)
(Gert.: EMF resonance phenomena that produces an EFE Wave)

Antigravity Solutions in Quantum Gravity Theories


Advanced Propulsion Systems 2012
In Conclusion
Chemical
Nuclear Electric Pulsed Ion Propulsion
Earth/Lunar Based Laser Light Sails
Earth & Lunar Catapults
The Search for Negative Matter

Research Novel Theories. Do the Math.


Fill in the Details.
You Are The New Engineers.
Advanced Propulsion Systems
Beyond Rocket Science -
An Overview

2012 - 9th Annual


Aerospace Systems & Technology Conference
Dr. Don V Black
http://www.DonVBlack.com
Advanced Propulsion Systems - 2012
Modify the Geodesic (Engineer Spacetime)
Beyond Science Fiction
Negative Matter is such a Handy Tool