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OFFICIAL GUAM TO AM, FM,TV and WORLDWIDE SW

OMMUNICATIONS
MIA
'04 .7/
1981 EDITION $1.95

How to Select Your


SHORT
RE
Complete Listing of
U.S. and Canadian
AM -FM -TV
BROADCAST
STATIONS

Directory of
'SHORTWAVE
STATIONS

Where to Tune
AFIRE- POLICE
--AMBULANCE
-AIRCRAFT
=lAXI - RAILROAD
and more!
:onus -
- CLUB L, T
15

0AI ,AVI Ail 1


NEW MFJ 4 & 8 -Band Mobile Shortwave Converters

MFJ -304 $59 B54) MFJ -308 $79954)


Another MFJ "first,"
these low cost measures just 5'/4W x 11/4H x 4 "D to fit
mobile SWL converters provide new excite- anywhere in your vehicle (the 8 -hand version
ment and variety for your driving/listening is just I " wider and I" deeper). Two dual -gate
pleasure. MOSFETS give these converters excellent

"World Explorer I
Two models to choose from. The 4 -band
(MFJ -304) offers com-
plete /9, 25, 31 and 49 meter coverage (the
sensitivity and selectivity when combined
with your automotive receiver.
Easy to use, easy to install. Push a converter
most popular HF hands due to their distance button to choose the hand, tune in stations
capabilities at various times of the day and with your regular car radio. To install, just
year). Hear countries from Europe, Africa, plug the car antenna into the converter and
Middle East, Asia, the Islands, North and insert the converter cable into your car radio
South America. The 8 -hand "World antenna jack: connect the power lead to 12
Explorer I1" (MFJ -308 adds 13, /6, 41, and V DC. MFJ Active Antenna
60 meter bands for even greater listening Listen to the world on the road. Get the
variety. new MFJ mobile SWL converters- ''World
Compact and sensitive. The 4 -hand model Explorers I & II." MFJ-1020
$7995
Q
$4
NEW MFJ DXer's Filter NEW MFJ Preselectors

"World Grabber." Put this handsome unit


.0 .0 .4t 0- on your operating desk and listen to the
world! Its performance rivals, even exceeds,
reception from outside long wire antennas.
MFJ -732 $69954) MFJ -1040 $99954) Unique tuned circuitry minimizes inter -
modulation distortion, provides additional
your present S W1, receiver -
Here's how to add more performance to

MFJ -732 Puts more presence in SSB/


MFJ -1040 makes "lost" signals readable,
rejects out -of-band signals to make noisy
locations tolerable, and it reduces images.
RF selectivity, and reduces noise outside the
tuned hand.
Covers 1.8 -54 MHz.
Amplification also permits using the MFJ -
AM/FM voice communications, brings 1020 as a preselector with an external
more signals out of the "mud." Multiplies signal strength by ten times!
20 dB low noise MOSFET amplifier.
antenna, if you wish, for
added versatility.
Easy to use, just push up to 4 buttons. Covers 300 kHz to 30 MHz in 5 bands.
10 -pole (5- stage) circuit with Chebvshev Built -in 20 dB attenuator prevents receiver
Switch select .3 -.7, .7 -1.6, 1.6 -4, 4 -11,
superfast roll -off (up to 58 dB /octave). First overload from strong nearby stations.
11 -30 MHz.
button: On/Off- Bypass, response 300 -3000 Works with 2 antennas and 2 receivers at
Adjustable telescoping antenna. Swivels
Hz; second: 500 Hz lower cutoff; third: 2200 the same time! Complete controls, LED
for maximum signal, minimum noise.
Hz upper cutoff; fourth: 1500 Hz upper indicator; Auto -Bypass For Xcvrs, PTT;
Full controls for tuning, band selection,
cutoff. Built -in speaker, 2 watt amplifier. requires 9 -18 VDC or 110 VAC with optional
gain, and function (On- Off/Bypass). LED
LED, 9 -18 VDC or I10VAC with optional AC adapter ($7.95 +$2). 8x2x6"
indicator. FET, bipolar circuitry. Phono jack
AC adapter ($7.95 +$2), 5x6x 15/e ". Model MFJ -1045, $69.95 +$4, 5x2x6"
provided for use with external antenna.
similar less attn., auto. bypass, I ant., I revr.
Universal power. Operates on 9V battery
(not inc.), any 9 -18 VDC supply, or 110
MFJ Tuner /Preamps Make Any Antenna Better VAC with optional AC adapter($7.95 +$2).
MFJ -959 matches antenna to receiver for
Convenient size. The handsome beige and
walnut grain plastic and metal cabinet easily
maximum signal strength. Covers 1.6 to 30
fits on your desk for it measures just 5x2x6".
MHz. Low noise 20 dB preamp. Can use 2
6 q ants. and 2 rcvrs. 20 dB attenuator. 9-18
VDC or 110 VAC with optional AC adapter
Where ever you live, city, country, apart-
ment or home, the MFJ -1020 will grab the
SWL world for you.
($7.95 +$2). 9x2x6" MFJ -950, $59.95 +$4
MFJ-959 $89954) similar, less prearnp, attenuator, bypass.
TO ORDER PRODUCTS, CALL TOLL FREE

More MFJ Listening Post Favorites 800-64T-1800

For tech. info., order or repair status, or calls


nn
outside continental U.S. and inside Miss.,
rf):.0 0.0 ttt> Imp
call 601 -323-5869.
All \1FJ products unconditionally guaranteed
for one year except as noted)
$9954)
(

MFJ-102 J2954) MFJ-752B MFJ-200BX $29954) Products ordered from 11FJ are returnable
within 30 days for full refund (less shipping)
NEW 12/24 Hour Digital Clock/ID Timer 300 -3000 Hz, variable bandwidth. Noise Add shipping & handling charges in amounts
Switch hum 12 hr. to GMT, to "seconds" limiter. Inputs for 2 rcvrs. 2 watts for shown in parentheses
readout, ID timer or elapsed timer. WWV speaker. 9-18 VDC, 300 mA or 110 VAC
sync, solid- state, blue 0.6" digits, reg. alarm with optional adapter ($7.95 + $2); 10x2x6 ". Write for FREE catalog, oser 61) products
+indicators. 110 VAC, 60 Hz, 6x2x3 ". MFJ -751, $69.95 +$4 similar less Aux.
MFJ -7528 Dual Minable SSB/CW Filter. filter, hi -pass & limiter. 5x2x6 ". ENTERPRISES
Primary filter lets you peak, notch, low pass
or high pass with extra steep skirts. Aux.
MFJ -200BX Frequency Standard. 100, 50,
or 25 kHz, pulsed for easy ID; 9 V bat; 2x3x4 ".
MFJ I NCORPORATED
Box 494; Mississippi State, MS 39762
filter has 70 dB notch, 40 Hz peak. Both tune
CIRCLE 9 ON READER SERVICE COUPON
HANDY CHARTS
FOR SW DXERS

ti
COMMUNICATIONS
I''' RLD
All States on Medium Wave 15
Informative DX Programs 25
IIAIWard INCLUDING THECOMPLETE Abbreviations Used by
WHITE'S
AM- FM -TV-
RADIO LOG
SHORTWAVE DXers 27
Where to DX for What 29
When to Tune for Foreign
CONTENTS 1981 EDITION BCB DX 30
Radio Nostalgia News Around the World What is Short- World Time by Countries 31
wave? SW Frequency Spectrum Location of the SWBC Languages of the World 33
Bands WARC -'79 Proposals When to Tune What to Foreign DX Clubs 34
Look for in a SW Receiver Guide to 25 International SW Sta- Radio Clubs You Can Join 39
tions A Look at DXing Keeping Track-Finding DX Sta- The SINPO Code 41
tions Foreign Languages How to Get QSL's 24 -Hour Local Time vs Greenwich
Clock System -How to Tell Time Around the World SINPO
-What It Is and How to Handle Reports Time 41
Broadcast Band
DXing Potpouri- Questions and Answers Aeronautical DX 42
Informative DX
Programs Radio Clubs You Can Join plus Foreign DX Club Phonetic Alphabet 42
Listing SPY Transmissions -Where Those Numbered Sta- Aeronautical Frequencies
for Major World Air
tions Are ... Starts on Page 13 Route Areas 43
Cuban Medium Wave
WHITE'S RADIO LOG
U.S.AM Stations by Frequency 56 Outlets 43
U.S.AM Stations by Call Letters 66 Fixed Circuit Frequencies 43
U.S.AM Stations by Location 78 "Spy" Transmissions 45
U.S.FM Stations by Call Letters 88 Latin American Television 45
U.S.FM Stations by Location 97 Frequency vs Wavelength 46
U.S.TV Stations by Location 107 Japanese BCB Outlets 46
Canadian AM Stations by Frequency 110 Interpol Frequencies 46
Canadian AM Stations by Call Letters 111 VLF DXing 47
Canadian AM Stations by Location 112 Police VHF and UHF
Canadian FM Stations by Call Letters 113 Frequencies _ 47
Canadian FM Stations by Location 113 TV Channels and
Canadian TV Stations by Location 114 Frequencies 47
Worldwide Shortwave Stations 115 VHF and UHF Frequencies
Used by Firefighters 48
Cover Photo by Ray SolowInski
FEATURES
CW Profiles MFJ Shortwave Converter 10
Directional Antennas for Shortwave Listening 49
Keeping a Shortwave News Log 52
Kenwood R1000 Communications Receiver 54
CW Profiles Avanti AV801 Scanner Antenna 55

DEPARTMENTS
New Products 2
Classified 8
Ask Hank 12
Literature Library 118

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


THE STAFF
Associate Publisher
Julian S. Martin, KA2GUN
Editor
NewPrcKIuCtS,
David M. Kipnes Home Energy Control lighted on /off switch and 1,000
Compiler -White's Radio Log Regency has introduced the hour battery life. Suggested retail
Gladys Baez Regulator, a new home energy
Communications Editor management system capable of
Don Jensen, WDX9EZ controlling up to 100 separate
Associate Editors lights, small and large appliances t23y5br,B
Paul Margolis plus the exclusive feature of con-
Erik L. Keller
trolling heating and air condition-
Workbench Editor
Hank Scott ing units. All from a single loca-
Art Director tion. The Regulator control unit
Ralph Rubino features a touch -sensitive key-
Associate Art Director board and full function digital
David Pindar display that shows programming,
Cover Art Director instruction prompting and time dis-
Irving Bernstein plays. Plugged into normal house
Art Editor wiring, it can shut off or turn on
Ron Kuliner anything electrical in a home,
Art Assistant apartment, condominium or office.
Theresa Fiorenza for Abacus is $19.95. For more
Production Director information, write to APF Elec-
Carl Bartee
tronics, Inc., 444 Madison Avenue,
Production Manager New York, NY 10022.
Carole Dixon
Production Assistant
Annette Simon Speakerphone
Newsstand Circulation Director Panasonic has added to its tele-
Don Gabree
phone equipment line by introduc-
Classified Advertising Director ing a speakerphone with a con-
Rose Wayner
denser microphone that picks up
Subscription Circulation Director
Robert V. Enlow sound from all directions. Model
The Regulator also converts vir- KX -T1020 is part of Panasonic's
Subscription Circulation Manager
Eugene S. Slawson tually all conventional appliances "Easa- Phone" line of telephone
Marketing Director into automatic units, turning them equipment. The speakerphone fea-
James C. Weakley on or off at selected times. Two tures an automatic switching cir-
Regulator models will be available cuit that provides clean transmis-
President and Publisher -the 5700 which will execute 57 sion of incoming /outgoing voices.
Joel Davis automatic, timed commands and
Vice President and General Manager the 1600 which is capable of 16
Leonard F. Pinto commands. Regulator Wall Mod-
ules will be compatible with both
Vice President and Treasurer
Victor C. Stabile, KBP0681 units. The Regulator central units
are compatible wi(h BSR modules.
Vice President; Marketing -Editorial But the Regulator Heating and
Carole Dolph Gross
Cooling control modules cannot
ISSN: 0095 -4063
be operated by the BSR control
or timer console The Regulator
1600 is $140, while the full func-
tion 5700 is $249. More informa- It hooks up to a telephone connec-
tion is available from Regency tion which may require an optional
Electronics, Inc., 7707 Records AC adaptor (KX -A01), depending
COMMUNICATIONS WORLD is published an- Street, Indianapolis, IN 46226. on the area. Other features include
nually by Davis Publications, Inc. Editorial and
business offices: 380 Lexington Avenue, New large pushbutton controls. The
York, N.Y. 10017. Advertising offices: East
Coast, 380 Lexington Ave., New York, N.Y. Junior's LCD Calculator mute button lets you cut -off out-
10017, 212-557 -9100; Midwest, 360 N. Michi- going transmissions while still re-
gan Ave., Chicago, IL 60601, 312- 346 -0712; Abacus, an APF calculator prod-
West Coast, J. E. Publishers' Rep. Co., 8732
uct, features a 3 dimensional key- ceiving the incoming. It also offers
Sunset Blvd., Los Angeles, CA 90069, 213-
659-3810. board in the actual shape of each an LED indicator for On and Mute,
EDITORIAL CONTRIBUTIONS must be ac- separate number to help empha- adjustable slide -volume control
companied by return postage and will be size numeral recognition, while 7 and simulated wood cabinet.
handled with reasonable care; however, pub-
lisher assumes no responsibility for return or yellow keys perform various func- Priced to sell at $59.95 to $69.95.
safety of manuscripts, artwork, or photo- For all the facts, write to Pana-
graphs. All contributions should be addressed tions and 4 green keys are for
to the Editor, COMMUNICATIONS WORLD, memory. This calculator measures sonic, One Panasonic Way, Secau-
380 Lexington Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10017.
Copyright 1980 by Davis Publications, Inc. 43/6 -in. x /2 -in. x 21/4 -in. with a
1
cus, NJ 07094.

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


2
Mighty Magnet 5.25 -in., hard sectored 40 -track voice output capability via a digi-
Edmund Scientific has the diskettes. Each diskette is capable tal to analog converter. Its wide
Mighty Magnet which lefts over of storing 100K bytes of data. The range of screen formats and pow-
150 lbs. of dead weight. Coated SIEMENS 82 disk drive system is erful resident BASIC has uses for
for protection from chemical cor- used in the H -77, providing reli- educational applications. With its
t rosion by a /8 -in. coating of Poly
1
able high -speed access to data.
Vinyl Chloride (PVC), the Mighty The H -77 Floppy Disk System, mail
Magnet will not chip or peel. Ideal order priced at $595.00 in easy -to-
for use in magnet fishing, it is light- assemble kit form, includes one
weight, weighing only two pounds. disk drive. A handy diskette stor-
age accessory, which fits into the
space reserved for the second
drive, is also included. The H -17 -1
Disk Drive, mail order priced at
$325.00 is available to provide
two -drive capability for the H -77,
giving the H89 a total of three modem interface, it can be used
drives including the drive built as an economical remote terminal
into the computer itself. For more in conjunction with timeshare serv-
information on the new H -77 Flop- ices and /or for use with the new
py Disk System -as well as the full personal computer information
line of Heathkit personal and busi- services. It is also useful as an
ness computers -send for a free advanced scientific calculator with
catalog to Heath Company, Dent. its advanced floating point math
350 -280, Benton Harbor, MI 49022 capability and "immediate mode"
or pick up a copy at the nearest operation. The standard machine's
Heathkit Electronic Center. 8K workspace provides sufficient
The Mighty Magnet is actually six memory for many cassette -based
ceramic magnets stacked togeth- Getting Better programs. The mini -floppy version,
You've heard of Ohio Scientif- C1P MF Series 2, comes complete
er for strength with steel pieces
ic's C1P computer. Now an en- with two disk operating system
and an aluminum frame. Sells for
hanced version, the new Series 2 which allows the use of OS -65D,
$19.95 plus $1.75 shipping cost.
C1P, offers new sound, music and a powerful business and develop-
Mighty Magnet can be obtained by
mail by writing to Edmund Scien-
tific Co., 7082 Edscorp Bldg., Bar-
rington, NJ 08007.
Getting your
Floppy Disk
Heath's new floppy disk acces-
Ham License
sory for its popular Heathkit H89
All -In -One Computer, the H -77
was never easier...
Floppy Disk System, provides all it!
the storage and programming ca-
pacity reeded for most computer
HeathR'guarantees
applications. When the H -77 Flop-

Heath helps you prepare for your FCC Amateur


Radio License exam with confidence. Our self -
instruction programs are so good that we guarantee
them. We also carry a full line of build -it- yourself
amateur radio gear and accessories to help you
get started, too. It's all in our Free Catalog, along
with nearly 400 other quality electronics kits.
Heath company, Dept. 205-732. Benton Harbor, MI 49022

Heath Company, Dept. 205-732,


CIRCLE 1 ON READER SERVICE COUPON
Send to Benton Harbor, Mi 49022
py Disk System is used with the SEND FOR YOUR Please send me your FREE Catalog.
H -89, room is provided for up to Iam not now receiving your catalogs.
three floppy disk drives. Operat- I
ing system and 'program disks can Name
1
be run at the same time, for fast Address 1
and efficient access to programs
and data. The H -77 uses standard Heathkit Catalog
` City State 1
NOW! AM -415 Zip 1
lt
COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 CIRCLE 6 ON READER SERVICE COUPON 3
New carries suggested sale price of
a
$44.95. For more information, write
while increasing the power han-
dling of the speakers. The sub-
sonic filter automatically protects

Products to A P Products, Inc., 1359 West


Jackson St., Painesville, OH 44077.

Record Care
speakers and amplifiers from un-

ment oriented system. The C1P A three -piece Record and Stylus
Series 2 computer has a suggest- Care Kit from Cecil Watts record
ed retail price of $479, or $599 care line, is now being offered by
with combination TV /monitor. The Empire Scientific Corporation.
C1P MF Series 2 computer carries Designed to introduce the record
a suggested retail price of $1.279 collector to this basic system for
or $1,399 with combination TV record care, the kit includes the
monitor. Ohio Scientific products best -selling Parostatik Disc Preen -
are sold nationwide through their er, Parostatik Anti -Static Fluid and
dealer network. More information Watts Stylus Cleaner. Experts rec-
can be obtained by calling their ommend a humid system for rec- desirable voltage spikes. In addi-
toll free number: 800-321 -6850 or tion, the filter minimizes damag-
writing to Ohio Scientific, 1333 Stylus Cere KT,. ing subsonic noise from the
Chillicothe Rd., Aurora, OH 44202. turntable, tone -arm, acoustic feed-
back, and warped records. Sells
for $99.95. For more information,
Logic Timing Recorder write to Numark Electronics Corp.,
A P Products' new Logic Timing
503 Raritan- Center, Edison, NJ
Recorder is an innovative, time-
08817.
saving device for charting logic
timing. The Logic Timing Record-
er eliminates the time consuming Miniature Bench Grinder
hassle of writing, erasing and re- Foredom Electric's miniature
writing logic timing charts. It is a bench grinder is a small, precision
durable plastic board measuring machine designed to spot grind,
113/4 -in. x 81/4-in. x /4 -in., with 320
1
polish, deburr, and buff hand -held
slides arranged in eight horizontal parts. With its small grinding
wheels and polishing discs, this
grinder is particularly effective for
ord cleaning because the free use finishing parts with intricate con-
of liquid cleaners can interfere
with tracking. The Watts record
cleaning devices are used in a
semi -dry or slightly moist state
and do not leave a film or residue
on the record. The new three -
piece Cecil Watts "Record and
Stylus Care Kit" is an ideal record
care starter kit. It is popularly
CIRCLE 33 ON READER SERVICE COUPON priced at about $13.95 in audio
shops nationwide. For more infor-
rows. Moving vertically between mation, write to Empire Scientific
two click -stop positions, the slides
tours and concave surfaces. An
Corp., 1055 Stewart Avenue, Gar- ideal device for the project build-
represent the two logic levels of den City, NY 11530. er and antique radio restorer.
a circuit. After the slides are man-
ually moved into position to rep-
Only 41/2-in. high and 8 -in. long,
Bass Bomb the grinder comes with a 21/2-in.
resent the logic state in a circuit,
Numark has a unique bass ac- diameter cotton wheel and a 13/4 -
the board is checked for proper
tivator and subsonic filter called in. diameter aluminum-oxide
design and then placed on an or-
the Model DF120 Bass Bomb. De- stone. Its 1/15 hp motor operates
dinary copying machine to make a
signed to maximize the perform- on 110 to 130 VAC. Speeds up to
record for the permanent files.
ance level of a consumer's exist- 14,000 rpm are selectable by a
Once the copy is made, the Logic
Timing Recorder may be used ing audio system, the Bass Bomb manual control mounted on the
over and over again to chart the provides variable bass frequency motor base. A collet chuck is
logic timing of all circuits. A P selection of 40 Hz to 160 Hz with available to hold miniature abra-
Products Incorporated has been 0 -12 dB bass boost level control sive points, cutting wheels, wire
while incorporating a highly effec- brushes, etc. Sells for $69.50. For
a leading manufacturer of elec-
tronic devices since 1967. Their tive filter to eliminate subsonic more information about Foredom
comprehensive product line is sold noise. Attached to the pre -amp miniature bench grinders, request
worldwide exclusively through dis- and amplifier (or amp /receiver), catalog 280. Foredom Electric
tributors. A P Products Inc. Logic the Bass Bomb simultaneously dou- Company, Bethel, CT 06801, a di-
bles the bass output of a system vision of Blackstone Industries.
Timing Recorder, P N 923758,

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


4
INTERNATIONAL
CRYSTALS
Fin TIE
and KITS
TRS -80 Interface Checkout ure. The HG -EW is equipped with
E & L Instruments new IF -100 an automatic brake which is al-
TRS -80 interface accessory pro-
vides buffered 'O connections for
I

control, monitoring and testing of


ways in positive engagement when
the winch is not operating. Priced
OF 1
Nie
OSCILLATOR
external devices and developing
and testing of /O devices. The
I

self -powered IF -100 plugs directly


$49?
The OF -1 oscillator is a
into the TRS -80 Bus, (cable extra), resistoricapacitor circuit
providing oscillation over a range of frequencies
enabling any TRS -80 incorporating by inserting the desired crystal, 2 to 22 MHz,
Level 2 software to be used for OF -1 LO, Cat. No. 35108. 18 to 60 MHz, OF-1
HI, Cat. No 035109. Specify when ordering.
MXX -1 Transistor RF Mixer
3 to 20 MHz, Cat. No. 035105
20 to 170 MHz. Cat. No. 035106 56.38 ea.
SAX -1 Transistor RF Amp
3 to 20 MHz. Cat No. 035102
20 to 170 MHz, Cat. No. 035103 .... $8.38 ea.
BAX -1 Broadband Amp
CIRCLE 38 ON READER SERVICE COUPON 20 Hz to 150 MHz. Cat No 035107 $6.67 ea.
.02% Calibration Tolerance
at $650. This winch system can
be converted to remote control
EXPERIMENTER
CRYSTALS
$574 ea.
operation by adding the new Hy- (HC 6U Holder)
Gain tower control (HG -EWRC) Cat. No. Specifications
which has been specifically de- 031300 3 to 20 MHz - For use in
OF-1L OSC Specify when ordering
signed as a modular addition to 031310 20 to 60 MHz -For use in OF-1H OSC
the HG -EW winch. This remote Specify when ordering

practical applications. The IF -100 control unit allows the operator Enclose payment with order (no C.O.D.) Shipping and post-
age (inside U.S. Candad and Mexico only) will be prepaid
contains a built -in power supply to conveniently raise and lower by International.
Prices quoted for U.S. Canada and Mexico orders only.
to avoid loading down the TRS -80 the tower from a remote location Orders for shipment to other countries will be quoted on
request. Price subject to change.
supplies, on -board logic probe, such as a ham shack. Both the
WRITE FOR BROCHURE
device and memory decoding, Bus winch and the remote control are
buffer, control signal buffering and available for 110 and 220 volt
solderless breadboarding facilities operation. Sells for $650. For
for quick interface and control further information regarding these International Crystal Mfg. Co., Inc.
10 North Lee. O klahoma C ity.
circuitry assembly. An experiment- products, write to Hy -Gain, Divi- Oklahoma 731 O2

ally oriented text is included to sion of Telex Communications, CIRCLE 16 ON READER SERVICE COUPON
provide self instruction or for Inc., 8601 Northeast Highway Six,
classroom use. The IF -1 -0 is
priced at $180.00 in kit form or
Lincoln, NE 68505.
.AMAZING
$245.00 fully assembled and test-
ed. The TRS -80 interconnect cable
Low- Priced Satellite
TV Receiver DEVICES PHASERS
is priced at $25.00. For more in- The TV -4300 Satellite Receiver ,tl((( ))))t.

formation, write to E & L Instru- is now available from International


PPF'1 PHASER PAIN FIELD - This device recently devel-
oped and patented in our labs is being evaluated by law enforce-
ments, Inc., 61 First Street, Derby, Crystal Manufacturing Company. ment agencies for not and crowd control It Is now available but
soon will come under the jurisdiction of weapons and infernal
CT 06418. This new receiver, which sells for machine control making it unavailable to the public. The device
is hand-held and looks like a BUCK ROGERS ray gun It is haza
only $995.00, offers high perform- dous et not used with discretion
PPF -1 PLANS
Tower of Strength ance on all channels within the IPG-1 INVISIBLE PAIN FIELD GENERATOR
$15.00
-
This
The HG -70HD, a 70 foot (21.3 m) 3.7 to 4.2 GHz band. Standard amazing, simple hand -held device is about the size of a pack of
cigarettes and generates a directional held of moderate to mien
self -supporting crank -up tower, dual audio output is provided at sive pain in the lower part of the head up to a range of 50' be
vice is simple and economical to make
is the tallest of seven towers now 6.2 and 6.8 GHz, with other out- IPG -1 PLANS $6.00 IPG -1K ALL PARTS $39.50
offered by Telex /Hy -Gain. The puts available. The TV -4300 is a IPG -10 ASSEMBLED& TESTED FOR ANIMAL CONTROL $49.50

tower is all steel, and comes in fully packaged and assembled re- LASERS
four sections. The heavy-duty RUBY LASER RAY PISTOL -
Produces highly intense red
beam capable of burning A hazardous device PLANS PARTS
tower was designed for antenna SOURCES $15.00
HIGH POWERED CARBON DIOXIDE BURNING AND CUTTING
loads of up to 16 sq. feet (1.5 sq. Complete plans and all parts sources $15.00
m) in winds of up to 60 mph (96.6 FOLIO STATE IR 12 WATTS with bull) In power supo lv
plans $8.00 Complete kit with collimator $74.00v
kmph). The top section is pre - POCKET LASER pulsed visible red plans $7.00
drilled for thrust bearing bolts, Complete kit $59.50 Also complete plans and parts
sources for RUBY. YAG. NEODYNIUM, HeNe ARGON. DYE.
and a rotor mounting plate is NITROGEN and many more lasers

inmluded. The HG -70HD sells SECURITY


for $2,850. Hy -Gain has also SNP -2 SNOOPER PHONE -Dial home or office phone
while on vacation activating sensitive mike without phone
developed an electric winch CIRCLE 42 ON READER SERVICE COUPON ringing Excellent property protection and intrusion device
SNP? PLANS S7.00
system, Model No. HG -EW, that SNPDK ALL PARTS $49.50
fits the new HG -70HD. The winch ceiver complete with built -in LNA
SNP20 ASSEMBLED AND TESTED
LONG RANGE XMTR PLANS
S89.50
$6.00
control box can be locked, which power supply, built -in AFC, tuner, SEEN-THE-DARK PLANS $8.00
secures the tower in either the control circuitry and power cable. DIRECTIONAL SHOTGUN MIKE PLANS S7.00
extended or retracted position. A All output levels are compatible SUPER SENSITIVE PARABOLIC MINE PLANS S7.00
SOUND 8 TELEPHONE OPERATED TAPE RECORDER $6.00
manual crank takes over in the with video monitor and VTR input. CATALOG ON PLANS KITS B FINISHED UNITS S1.00
event of an electrical power fail- There are several options includ- Send check or money order to
SCIENTIFIC SYSTEMS. Dept Ato. Box 716
AMHERST, N.H. 03031

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 CIRCLE n ON READER SERVICE COUPON


THE BOOTLEGGERS BIBLE, proven by your let-
ters to be the finest publication available for
Modifying the CB Radio, above Ch. 40 Or below
Ch. 1, 77 PLL Chips listed, for Crystal, AM & SSS,
23 & 40 Ch. seta. 812.96 New anced. Priced at $1575. For further
information, write or call Ten 'Tec,
Inc., Highway 411 East, Sevier-
THE LINEAR AMPLIFIER PLANBOOK II Con-
taining plan for Mears from 2 to 400 MHZ, from 15
to 1000 watts, all transistor designs, 11 Meier
Models? Yes
CB RADIO REPAIR Circuit discriptions,
811.96
Products ville, TN 37862.

Ready for Your Project


trouble shooting chart, component testing, the ing a remote tuning control and A New Wire Wrapping Kit from
latest techniques used by the Pros: f.96
Bootlegger kits, Special X8TLSC scanner XSTLS selectable audio with stereo out- OK Machine and Tool Corp. fea-
available lull line catalog 81.00 refundable. put. For more information write tures selected items of value to
AP SYSTEMS, P.O. BOX 263D International Crystal Manufactur- the prototype engineer and hob-
NEWPORT RI. 02840
(4011 846 -5627 ing Company, 10 North Lee, Okla- byist alike. The kit includes a
Master Charge Vlsa Accepted homa City, OK 73102. unique new wire wrapping tool, a
50 -ft. (15m) roll of wire wrapping
CIRCLE 5 ON READER SERVICE COUPON
wire, two 14-pin DIP Sockets and
Solid -State Kilowatt Linear two 16 -pin DIP Sockets. Specially
Ten -Tec offers amateur radio
WRITE NOW FOR their Model 444 "Hercules" 1 -kW
linear amplifier -the first solid -
MCGEE'S state unit with instant break -in.
Absolutely no tuning is required -
SPEAKER CATALOG
in fact, there are no tuning knobs!
EVERYTHING IN ELECTRONICS The sleek front panel of the am-
1001 BARGAINS IN SPEAKERS plifier has just four switches:
TV AND RADIO PARTS power, mode, meter, and band.
TUBES, HIGH FIDELITYCOMPONENTS, RECORD
CHANGERS, TAPE RECORDERS, AND
ELECTRONICS KITS.
Tel.: 1 (816) 842 5092
1901 MCGEE STREET KANSAS CITY, MO. 64108

CIRCLE 15 ON READER SERVICE COUPON

CIRCLE 40 ON READER SERVICE COUPON


The Original FCC TestsAnswers exam manual that
prepares you at neme for FCC First and Second class
Radiotelephone licenses 'Newly revised mun,pleaho,ce And if you have a Ten -Tec Omni
exams cover all areas tested on the actual FCC exam CIRCLE 37 ON READER SERVICE COUPON
transceiver, the Omni will change
Plus SeIt -Study gnarly Test
postpaid Moneyback Gua rantee
Proven, S9 95
rf bands of the amplifier automati-
MOID PRODUCTIOf P.O. Box 26348-NN
COIT
a.a,o Ens.neer,rq Dw,a,oe 94126
San Francisco. CA cally from the Omni band switch featured is a new high quality PC
by means of a motor driven step- Board, Model H- PCB -1, which has
ping switch. Behind the 444's 22!22 edge connector contacts on
SWL=BCLReceivers, Scanners,
black -out upper panel are two
large meters which light up when
standard .156 spacing. The tool,
model WSU -30 is a combination
AC power is turned on. One meter tool that wraps and unwraps 30
Accessories -SASE for info.
measures collector current, the AWG (0.25mm) wire on .025 -in.
THE BASE STATION, INC. (0.63mm) square pins, plus strips
other measures collector voltage
2101 Pacheco St., Concord CA 94520
Phone (4151 685 -7388 or power (forward or reverse). 30 AWG wire using handy built -
Also on the black upper panel are in stripper. The wire is top quality
six status indicators with LEDs Kynar insulated silver plated cop-
that light up to show a condition per. The DIP Sockets are for plug -
Don't be a (overdrive, improper control switch
setting, heat sink temperature,
in packaging of integrated circuits
and feature gold plated 3 -level
heart breaker SWR, overvoltage /overcurrent and
RF output balance). Any of these
wire wrapping pins .025 inches
(0.63mm) square on .100 inch
conditions will shut down the am- (2.54mm) centers. Available com-
plifier when set limits are ex- plete in one kit, Model WK -3B, for
ceeded. The design of the 444 $16.95 at your local electronics
Hercules uses two 500 -watt push - outlet or directly from OK Ma-
pull transistor amplifier modules, chine and Tool Corp., 3455 Conner
operating at 45 VDC at 22.2 A, Street, Bronx, NY 10475.
providing typically 600 watts RF
output from the hybrid output corn - New Scorpion Antenna
biner. Driving power required is Antenna Specialists' new Super
50 watts, typical. Frequency cov- Scorpion base -loaded CB mobile
erage is 1.8 MHz through 21.5 antenna is said to increase radia-
Mhz with provision for four auxili- tor efficiency by more than 33%
Stop smoking. ary bands. Both input and output over conventional antennas. The
impedances are 50 ohms. unbal- performance gain is due in part
ne Ameocon -'earl Assoclotion
WERE FIGHTING FOR YOUR LIFE .

6 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


to its full 60 -in. tapered whip. breadboarding modules. Jumpers displays on either a TV set or
Made of high -resiliency stainless are Kynar insulated and pre - monitor, the Electric Crayon in-
steel, the whip bends full circle 1/2-in. to 4 -in. Jumper wire kit part cludes its own ROM operating sys-
and snaps back perfectly, creates no. RW -50 is priced at $2.95. In tem- EGOS -which accepts single -
less surface to air resistance, and stock at local electronics dealers character commands directly from
resists pitting and corrosion. It is or directly from O.K. Machine and a parallel ASCII keyboard or pro-
factory tuned across all 40 chan- Tool Corporation, 3455 Conner gram- generated commands from
nels. The high impact Lexan base Street, Bronx, New York 10475. a computer. As shipped, the Elec-
mounts on a trunk lip or roof using tric Crayon interfaces with a TRS-
Antenna Specialists' Leverlok -an Computer Color 80 computer, but it may be easily
electrical /mechanical connection Display System adapted to interface with any com-
that instantly disconnects by twist- Percom sells the Electric Cray- puter. The Electric Crayon has 10
on, a low -cost, computer- operated display modes, including an al-
color graphics generator /control- phanumeric- semigraphics mode, a
ler. Designed to generate color (Continued on page 9)

CIRCLE 34
ON READER
SERVICE COUPON Hear there
and everywhere.
ing a lever. The Super Scorpion's
coil is precision wound of 12-
gauge enamel- coated copper wire
for maximum efficiency. Damage
hazards like branches, garage
doors, etc., are greatly reduced by
a stainless steel shock absorbing
spring. For temporary installations,
a companion to the Super Scor-
pion, the MR678 Scorpion antenna,
is also available. This unit features
a heavy duty magnet mount that
holds firm at highway speeds. The Easy tuning, digital display, professional quality
suggested retail price of the Super
Scorpion model is $39.95; and the
MR678 Scorpion, $34.50. Complete
R-1000
The R -1000 is an amazingly
Three IF filters for optimum
AM, SSB, CW. 12 -kHz and
6 -kHz (adaptable to 6 -kHz
and 2.7 -kHz) for AM wide and
details are available from A /S an- easy-to-operate, high- narrow, and 2.7 -kHz filter for
tenna dealers or by writing to The performance, communications high -quality SSB (USB and
receiver, covering 200 kHz to LSB) and CW reception.
Antenna Specialists Co., 12435 30 MHz in 30 bands, This PLL
Euclid Ave., Cleveland, OH 44106. synthesized receiver features a Dimmer switch to control
digital frequency display and intensity of S -meter and other
analog dial, plus a quartz panel lights and digital display.
Jumper Wires digital clock and timer.
Effective noise blanker.
Here'snew kit which contains
a R -1000 FEATURES:
20 AWG jumper wires that are pre- Covers 200 kHz to 30 MHz Wire antenna terminals for
continuously. 200 kHz to 2 MHz and 2 MHz
to 30 MHz. Coax terminal for
30 bands, each MHz wide.
1 2 MHz to 30 MHz.
Five -digit frequency display Voltage selector for 100, 120,
with -kHz resolution and
1 220, and 240 VAC. Also
analog dial with precise gear adaptable to operate on 13.8
dial mechanism. VDC with optional DCK -1 kit.
Built -in 12 -hour quartz digital OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES:
clock with timer to turn on SP -100 matching external
radio for scheduled listening speaker.
or control a recorder through
remote terminal. HS -5 and HS -4 headphones.
Step attenuator to prevent DCK -1 modification kit for
overload. 12 -VDC operation.

KENWOOD
CIRCLE 37 ON READER SERVICE COUPON Terminal for external tape
recorder.
cut and turned 90 degrees at both Tone control.
ends to allow easy insertion in TRIO -KENWOOD COMMUNICATIONS INC.
Built -in 4 -inch speaker. 1111 WEST WALNUT / COMPTON, CA 90220

:nMNII INIrATIndC WnRI n gR1 CIRCLE 13 ON READER SERVICE COUPON


1 7
1
1
Classified
. MARKET PLACE
......mummommummmummummousassammill
COMMUNICATIONS WORLD -PUBLISHED ANNUALLY. The rate per word for Classified Ads is $1.00 each in-
sertion minimum ad $15.00 payable in advance. Capitalized words 40C per word additional. To be included
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ADDITIONAL INCOME EDUCATION & INSTRUCTION LOANS BY MAIL

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AUTHOR'S SERVICE "BORROW by mall! Signature loans, No col-


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INFORMATIVE HANDBOOK -For people with an information, $1.00. oney DC, 1935 Main,
interest in electronics and desire to know more.
Covets basic electricity, resistors, capacitors, micro-
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MAIL -ORDER OPPORTUNITIES
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velope. Careers, Box 225 -WCBS, Concord, CA 94522. Modelectric, Box 7266, Kansas City, MO 64113.
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$500 Fifth Avenue, Suite 1102, New York, NY 10010. catalogue. Carl D. Froehlich, Route One, New
structions. Free details: Runnel, Box 456, Fairview, Freedom, PA 17349.
OR 97024.
GIFTS THAT PLEASE YOURS FREE! Publicatioh3 that cost millions to
$1 per Addressed Envelope. FREE DETAIL. Bronx- produce! Hundreds titles /subjects. Build your library
Infor-
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around the world. Showco, Sox 11588 -CW2. Spokane, mation offer limited. Rush $3.00 (Worth 100
MARKET SYNTHETIC LUBRICANTS. A part time WA 99211. more!) Thrifty, 8125 Holiday Station, Anaheim.
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mento, CA 95834. 2902 -CBS. Rock Hill,
Details: Delta, Dept. -D, Box
$75.00/HUNDRED POSSIBLE STUFFING ENVEL- SC 29730.
OPES! GUARANTEED PROGRAM. Send stamped HYPNOTISM
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envelope: Nationwide, Box 58806, Dallas, TX 75258.
FREE Fascinating Hypnosis Information! Startling! OPES! GUARANTEED Tstamped
37202.
CB RADIO DLMH, Box 487, Anaheim, CA 92805. pe: NuWay, Box 249949,1 Nashville,
INVENTIONS WANTED Big Profits.
BECOME a Self -Publisher and makeSandusky,
GET MORE CB CHANNELS AND RANGE! We OH
specialize in Frequency Expanders, boosters, speech Free Details. FIE- DPC281, Box 2133,
processors, interference filters, do- it- yourself books MANUFACTURER seeking patented, unpatented 44870.
and plans. Catalog 81. CB City, Box 31500 -CW, Inventions. Generous royalties. Advantek Interna- MORE I[7
Phoenix, AZ 85046. tional, 1100 17th NW, Washington, DC 20036.

For Greater Advertising Savings ...Results ...and Profits...


Place your ad in one of our SPECIAL COMBINATIONS: Combo #1, or Combo #2, or Combo #3. Each com-
bination is designed to give your ad the largest audience available. For further information write to
R. S. Wayner, Classified Advertising Director, Davis Publications, Inc., 380 Lexington Ave., New York, N.Y. 10017.

i
R COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981
Classified
Continued New the GD -1151 Ultrasonic Cleaner,
mail order priced at $89.95, write

Products
for a free catalog, with over 400
useful electronic kits, to Heath
Company, Dept. 570 -480, Benton
MONEYMAKING OPPORTUNITIES- Conf'd
( Col ti, 11(11 from page 7 )
Harbor, MI 49022, or pick up a
REAP WINDFALL PROFITS. Not Tips on Prop-
erty Sales. Bargains Be.ow Appra.sed Balue. RUoH copy at the nearest Heathkit Elec-
$15.00 for Secrets. Write Al 1 raser, P.O. Box 859
(RDf7), Terrace, B.C., Canada V8G 4R1. tronic Center.
second higher density semigraph-
WORLD'S best home business, instant income.
Free details, write: Suburban, 36 Concord Rd., West- ics mode and eight graphics
ford, MA 01886.
modes. Up to eight colors may be Handy Multimeter
UNLIMITED earnings at Home! "Greatest Way to
Success -Automatic R.chness!" End ALL Worries! generated, depending on the mode Olson's 20,000 ohms /volt Multi -
Free Brochuies. Research Systems, P.O. Box 1175-
selected. In the highest density tester Model TE -424 fits conveni-
(CW), Pinellas Park, FL 33565.
mode, requiring a full comple- ently in a tool case or is handy
"12 Ways To Make $1,000 Per Week By Mall!"
Free Report! ERA 943 -07, Box 24426, Jacksonville, ment of refresh memory, the dis- size for bench use. Easy -view
FL 32217.
MOTION PICTURE PROJECTORS,
play resolution is 256 picture ele-
FILMS, SLIDES & SUPPLIES ments by 192 picture elements. An
BREATHTAKING Glamour SI:des, Classic Nudes. internal character generator gen-
Catalog, six samples, $3.00. Photographic Place, CIRCLE 45
Box 806 -CW, Royal Oak, MI 48068. erates a full 64- character ASCII
ON READER
NEW "HOW -TO" INFO
subset. The Electric Crayon with SERVICE COUPON
the EGOS operating system, 1K-
FIGHT City Hall. Potent solo pen power strategy.
$5.00 (Refundable). Melbourne, Box 1749, Weaver - byte of refresh memory (charac-
ville, CA 96093.
ter store memory) and a compre-
PERSONAL
hensive users manual which in-
HAVE CONFIDENTIAL CHICAGO MAILING AD-
DRESS or branch office. Business, Personal: Since cludes description and operating
1944! Mail Center, 323(g) Franklin, Chicago 60606. instructions, an assembly lan-
UNIVERSITY DEGREES BY MAIL! Bachelors, guage listing of EGOS and listings meter has color coded scales for
Masters, Ph.D.s . . Free revealing details. Coun-
seling, Box 389 -DP2, Tustin, CA 92680. of BASIC language demo pro- greater accuracy with pop -out
MEET sincere, beautiful people -like YOU. Very grams sells for $249.95. Orders stand to keep meter upright when
low fees. Call DATELINE toll -free: 800- 451 -3245.
may be placed by calling Percom's in use. Operating ranges are AC/
BECOME A Legally Ordained Minister. Free De-
tails. ULC- DPM281, Box 2133, Sandusky, OH 44870. toll -free order number: 1- 800 -527- DC volts from 0 -10 -250 and 1000;
CORRESPONDENTS LIST $5. Social Concept, 1592. More information can be DC current 0 -250 ma; Resistance
Hillsboro, Huntsville, AL 35805. 0- 1,000,000 ohms. Unit includes
2904
had by writing to Percom Data
$1000 SAVING$
Send $3.00 Today
PLAN. End your money worries.
Bonut. GARDYK, Box 281A
.
Company, 211 N. Kirby, Garland, battery and test leads. Available
South Milwaukee, WI 5.1172. TX 75042. at $12.98 from Olson Electronics,
SINGLE? Lonely? Free Matrimonial Magazine,
Sixteen Pages. Rush Stamp! Merit Enterprises, Box
Akron, Ohio 44327.
74753 -OJ, Los Angeles, CA 9004.
Ultrasonic Cleaner ORP Rig
WORK at home making money by mall with easy Heath Company of Benton Har-
money method. Self- addressed stamped envelope. A new model has been added to
JamRol Enterprises, 250 Mayo, Shreveport, LA 71106. bor, Michigan, the largest manu- the Ten -Tec "Argonaut" QRPp
PHOTOGRAPHY -PHOTO FINISHING facturer of electronic kits in the
line, the Model 515. Featuring a
SAVE HUNDREDS OF DOLLARS Make your world, announces the addition of
new super- sensitive receiver front -
' , " " '

own S & M Densitometer. Send $5.00 for detailed


drawings and Instructions. A must for successful an Ultrasonic Cleaner to its prod-
photography in your darkroom. Order direct: S & M end, the 515 has 0.35 uV sensitiv-
Instruments, Dept. CW2, 380 Lexington Ave., New
York, NY 10017. ity, 4 -pole crystal lattice filter with
PROFITABLE OCCUPATIONS 2.4 kHz bandwidth, a unique op-
DIAMOND Brokers earn big profits. Requires $250
investment. Free details. Diamonds Unlimited, Box
4348, University Park, NM 88003.

RADIO & TELEVISION


IMPROVE TV reception. My copyrighted antenna
installation manual tells how. $3.00. Besesparis, Box
1128J, Lake Worth. FL 33460.
DISCOUNT SALE! Electronic parts, accessories,
antennas, etc. Free catalog! SPECIALTY RADIO
SALES, 1000 SW Dixie #4, Pompano Beach, FL CIRCLE 40 ON READER SERVICE COUPON
33060.
RECORDS & SOUND EQUIPMENT tional combination CW filter and
CIRCLE 1 ON READER SERVICE COUPON
FREE Promotional albums, concert tickets, stereos, variable notch filter in and out-
etc. Information: Barry Publications, 477 82nd Street. board cabinet, and a new hetero-
Brooklyn. NY 11209.
uct line. The Heath GD -1151 Ul- dyne VFO with a new permeabil-
RUBBER STAMPS
trasonic Cleaner deep -cleans ity -tuned oscillator which provides
FREE! Illustrated Catalog. Hundreds of Stock
Cuts, etc. Send 50e postage. Applicable first order. watch parts, most jewelry, den- increased ' calibration accuracy.
Kingsborough CW -2, 1571 W. 11th Street, Brooklyn,
NY 11204. tures and other delicate items that Argonaut's band coverage (80-
SONGWRITERS might otherwise be damaged by 10M) has the 10 -meter band split
POEMS WANTED. Songs Recorded For Radio
hard scrubbing, abrasives or harsh into new 500 kHz segments and
Promotions. Pageant Records, Box 7416 -DA, Sara-
sota, FL 33578.
cleaning agents. It accepts any crystals included for 28 and 28.5
detergent or cleaning solution that kHz segments (others optional).
STAMP COLLECTING
is normally safe for the item to be Sells for $429.95. See your Ama-
STAMP Collecting For Fun And Profit. $2.00. D.
Babineau, Box 124, Biddeford, ME 04005. cleaned. The GD -1151 will not in- teur Radio dealer or write Ten -
TOYS, GAMES & ENTERTAINMENT terfere with radio or television re- Tec, Inc., Highway 411 East, Se-
ELECTRONIC yo -yo lights as it spins. $3.50. Send
ception. For more information on vierville, TN 37862.
money order: Majan, 5075 Dawne, San Diego, CA
92117.

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1951 9


CW PROFILES THE...

MFJ -308
Shortwave Converter
Adds shortwave listening dimension to travel in your car or van.

It MU EXPLORER II
A
i t i 1
13m 9m 25m
60m

SCIENCE & ELECTRONICS Mosr AUTOMOBILE RECEIVERS are un- they oiler stability, gain, and a mini-
year - able to take advantage of the
many news and information shows pres-
mum of components. Such a converter
is the MFJ -308, World Explorer II.
-
1

6 bi- monthly issues ent in the short wave bands. The recent The alternate approach was used by
for ONLY $4.98!!! flurry of news events from the Middle Gonset approximately 20 years ago in
East and Asia point out the weakness their all -band car radio converters.
(The regular subscription price is of relying on local news programs. These converters required variable fre-
$7.50 for 6 issues. $8.10 on the Therefore, a selective, sensitive, and quency oscillators with all their inherent
newsstand.) So save by sending high quality method of converting a problems of attaining stability and vi-
the coupon -today!
standard AM or FM car receiver to a bration -free operation. Furthermore,
shortwave_ receiver is highly desirable. they were expensive, required multi -
SEE COVER 3 FOR DETAILS the inexpensive MFJ -308, World Ex- stages, and used many components.
plorer II is such a converter. It offers MFJ Enterprises, Inc. have achieved
Science & a wide range of short wave coverage great stability and high sensitivity in
Electronics in a smartly packaged miniaturized
case fitting under most dashboards.
their converter by utilizing the desira-
ble features of an RCA 40673 dual
H1ACE6
P.O. Box 2630, Greenwich, CT 06836
Mix It Up. To convert one frequency gate MOSFET transistor, both in the
to another, a mixer stage is necessary. mixer and oscillator stages. The dual
YES, enter my subscription for 6
issues (one year) for only $4.98 save -I A mixer stage beats the incoming radio conversion superheterodyne receiver
$3.12 off the newsstand price. frequency signal with a known oscilla- formed by this combination has a vari-
Payment enclosed. tor frequency to form a sum and differ- able first IF frequeny; the frequency
Bill me. (Outside U.S.A. and pos- ence frequency. Through a series of shown on the dial of the auto receiver.
sessions- $6.00) filters, the unwanted signal is discarded By utilizing high Q coils, good sensi-
Credit Card Users Only: and the desired signal is amplified and tivities can be obtained over a 400 kHz
Enter my subscription for 12 issues eventually demodulated. segment of the various short wave
(two years) and charge my credit
card for only $9.96 -I save $6.24 off In practice, converters are of two bands. Adequate injection is insured by
the newsstand price. (Outside U.S.A. forms: fixed frequency oscillators, re- the inherent nature of the dual gate
and possessions -$12.00) lying on varying intermediate frequencies MOFET. Oscillator stability and integ-
Credit Card Number of the converted receiver and vari- rity are obtained by using high quality
FT-1T1--1
1 I

able frequency oscillators with the con- circuit board components and by rigidly
Card Expiration Date
verted receiver being tuned to one fre- mounting the high Q ferrite core induc-
Signature
quency. If a trade off can be made tors to the body of the circuit board.
Name
between the Q of the mixer circuit and Time To Switch. Bandswitching is
City
its sensitivity, the former variety of done by means of a positive action
Address
converters are highly desirable since multistage pushbutton switch. Internal
State Zip
Please allow 6 -6 weeks for delivery of first copy.

10 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


no problems were encountered. Al-
though this is not an ideal set up for
DXing, under the right conditions many
SWL stations can be received. We did
encounter some ignition noise on the
higher frequencies but this was not ob-
jectionable to the ear.
Standard ignition suppression tech-
niques should be employed if ignition
noise proves to be a major problem.
We were able to use the front window
antenna of our General Motors car
with good results. However, a better Updated Edition
alternative would be to use a whip or CONFIDENTIAL FREQUENCY LIST
trunk mounted outside- the -car antenna. Identifies 5,000 non -broadcast short-
wave stations (telephone, coast, milita-
All in all, the performance of the MFJ - ry, spy, etc.) from 4-26 MHz. $6.95 ppd.
308, World Explorer II that we tested Pre-Publication Offer - 35th Edition
was more than satisfactory. WORLD RADIO TV HANDBOOK
Underneath the MFJ -308 a symetrical cir- The MFJ-308, World Explorer II is Bible" of the SWL-comprehensive list
of all shortwave broadcasters with all
cuit arrangement allows for easy inspec- a useful addition to any car radio. A details. ($16.50 after 1/1/81) $14.95 ppd.
tion. The circuit is simple and delivers. model is also available providing less Latest Edition

capacitance of various cables is com-


coverage but idential circuitry (MFJ -
304, World Explorer I) These con-
.
GUIDE TO RTTY FREQUENCIES
-
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pensated by a unique circuit developed verters give dependable high perform- special codes & languages. $8.95 ppd.
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Installation of the MFJ -308, World
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Explorer II is a snap. The male and teration to a car's electrical system. SHORTWAVE CATALOG
female Motorola jacks easily transferred Although a loss of performance in Receivers Antennas Preselectors
the antenna from our AM car radio to the AM bands was noted, this attenua- Accessories Books Forms Logs
the converter. The length of cables was tion was not considered to be a major GILFER SHORTWAVE
more than adequate and we encount- factor in our Delco AM car radio. The `Dept. Cw , Box 239, Park Ridge NJ 07656
ered no problems with either of these high MOSFET mixer and oscillator
jacks. A short length of braided shield stages assure great stability and sensi- CIRCLE 8 ON READER SERVICE COUPON
wire was run from the ground of the tivity. One disadvantage, however, was
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Considering the added information
SLINKY!
verter was acquired directly from the that is available at the touch of a fin- " a lot of antenna
car radio with an AMP splice connec-
tor. The installation was simple and
ger, we at Science and Electronics con-
sider the MFJ World Explorer short
in a little space"
fast (it took less than 2 minutes). The wave auto converters valuable. new Slinky* dipole' with helical loading
pulls in great DX with ease!
converter worked without any difficulty The MFJ -308, World Explorer II .parent .5o. (.858.220
M R3RC1m Pie
on the first try. retails for $79.95 plus a $4.00 shipping
The frequencies covered by the MFJ - charge. The MFJ -304 costs $59.95 plus Ritt
SIIMI,
ar1
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converter are shown in the Figs. and 1 prises, Inc. is situated at 921A Louis- HU 1P MI y-Irs LOU ra0a :hl
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the converter had a sensitivity equal Reader Service Coupon.


to that of a good all -wave receiver.
Russia Or England. Selectivity left a FREQUENCY (MHz) ME ,re lte nFe
s f ,.,5 ,yule ^, ;,,p `n
bit to be desired; but on most strong S. W.

signals, like Radio Moscow or the BBC. BAND FROM AM DIAL


800 KM:
TO AM DIAL
1200KH:
this miniature, MY bread-ed (05
meat short-ewe antenna operates only a
convn8onal wire antennas. M pub in DX 'Wore wish
M Mt tMU 54 Mete) a00 Bee
sr
13M 21.400 21.800 superior readability. because Ib Dogwood design mWRBIS
receptiOn of Interference and men made NW portal**, you
16M 17.600 18.000 can erect or More it In minutes email enough M you to M It M
attic or apartment good Impedance-mach wMplt eupeMlN

54 80
AM
100 120 1111
0
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25M
15.075
11.638
15.475
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tuners. b-aus
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oondning33 R
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0 31M 9.438 9.838 Ali, L -258 coax connector. 100 B. nylon rope. canpate
Instruction manual. plus tuning charts in use by US DSO 08
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Fig. 1. To use your MFJ Converter, tune the are covered by the MFJ -308 whereas the
Box
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Complete Kit SWL -1
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AM band of your car radio from 800 kHz ones with triangle next to them corre-
a (N Y reudems add sais Mx) mew
to 1200 kHz. Frequencies outside this range spond to the MFJ -304. Use this chart to name
are not covered by the MFJ -308 or the 304. tune in shortwave freq. with converter. street
town zip
muse ds0 M ran es Ay ero gas russi O ref filar SI Orti

For more information contact Advertiser directly.


COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 11
So Goes the Hobby
Got a question or a problem with a project -ask
Hank! Please remember that Hank's column is
I've been an off- and -on BCB DXer since
limited to answering specific electronic project 1971 using different radios since then. I
questions that you send to him. Personal replies am now using a Soundesign AM /FM
cannot be made. Sorry, he isn't offering a circuit stereo which knocks out a puny 1 -watt
design service. Write to:
per channel. But the folks at Radio Shack
Hank Scott, Workshop Editor recommended an 80 -ft. bare copper wire
Ask Hank, Communications World for my set. Since then I have logged KFI
380 Lexington Avenue in Los Angeles and KOA in Denver, both
itA He Knows! New York, NY 10017 QSLed. I logged 1000-watters such as
WSVL in Shelbyville, Indiana and WFIG
in Sumter, S.C. Recent stations I've logged.
Got the Time? mind your own business, but the Boston include Mobile, AL; Panama City, FL;
I know the U.S. and Canada have time Fire Department sells the list for $5.00. Peoria, IL, and a 5000 -waster out of St.
and frequency stations. Are there others? And I know one buff who made his own Louis (showing that KMOX isn't the only
-W. N., Globe, AZ list. He toured the main streets of his town station out of St. Louis to get). I am up
Oh yes, in fact a number use common jotting down the box number (they are to 165 stations in 33 states, Canada and
frequencies such as 2.5, 5, 10, 15 and 20 on the alarm box), and eventually figured Mexico. I'm shooting for 200 by the end
MHz as does U.S. stations WWV (Ft. Col- out the pattern used to cover the town. of winter. Those weakling stations around
lins, CO) and WWVH (Hawaii). Here is Another good way is to hang around the 1400 and upwards are indeed frustrating.
a list of those stations who use different fire house and get to know the firemen. \ They seem to find the time to identify
frequencies. themselves when they go into propagation,
FFH 2,500 kHz Chavannes, France Non -Drinkers so I'm there for an hour -and-a -half wait-
DAN 2,614 kHz Osterloog, W. I've been listening to.my scanner and ing for an ID. You're lucky if they iden-
Germany hear talk like, "Highball," a reply of tify right off the bat when you get them.
DAO 2,775 kHz Kiel, W. Germany "Highball." Now I know these people are WWWQ in Panama City, Florida was an
NPG 3,268 kHz Dixon, CA, U.S.A. not bartenders. Who are they? example. They practically identify them-
CHU 3,330 kHz Ottawa, Canada selves after each song. WUNI in Mobile,
YVTO 6,100 kHz Caracas, Venezuela -W.F., Florence, SC Alabama, though, ranks with the other
RID 10,004 kHz Irkutsk, U.S.S.R. You've got railroad people. See if you end of the ' scale. They identified them-
NSS 12,135 kHz Annapolis, MD, can identify regular scheduled trains. They selves during excessive QRM and propa-
U.S.A. usually use numbers or names, either of gation, but I made them out well enough
CHU 14,670 kHz Ottawa, Canada which can be obtained from train sched- to look it up in your radio log in the
PPR 17,194 kHz Rio de Janeiro, ules at ticket offices. Also, very often the back of the book. I wanted to be sure
Brazil locomotive number is used. Keep an ear before I logged it, so I waited a full hour
out for the tower names. They do the most because they faded too much and QRM
Joiner talking. You didn't give the frequency in from WING in Dayton, Ohio kept setting
I want to join a SWL radio club. To your letter, but I bet it's somewhere be- in. But once they did repeat their ID, I
whom should I write? tween 160.0 -161.0 MHz. could then rest easy. But that's the chal-
-N. 1., Ft. Morgan, CO lenge I've come to accept from DXing and
Press News that's why I love it.
Send a letter to Association of North I was in Detroit during convention time
-C.C., Atlanta, GA
American Radio Clubs (ANARC), 557 It's good to know our readers are en-
and my scanner was really cooking. I joying their hobby, and that COMMUNICA-
No .Madison Avenue, Pasadena, CA. heard a lot between 125.870 and 125.950 TIONS WORLD is making it possible.
MHz. Now that I'm home, I'd like to find
Aero Locators and listen to the active press frequencies
I heard that there are Aeronautical bea- in the Philadelphia area. Any suggestions Potential Ham
cons used by pilots to determine position. on frequencies? I enjoy listening to Amateur Radio
Can you lust a few for me? -A.A., Philadelphia, PA communications. Their traffic is exciting,
-J. A., Chicago, IL and I'd like to listen in for the next year,
Here's a nationwide general list of fre- since I will be unable to get out of bed.
Here are a few you can tune in: quencies for you to tune in. Is this against the law?
278 kHz FLW Milwaukee, WI 25.870- 26.470 MHz Remote Pick-up -W.N., Evansville, IN
359 kHz DO Kansas City, MO Broadcast No, it's not against the law, and, in
362 kHz LIA Lima, OH 152.870- 152.990 MHz Remote Pick-up fact, why not become a part of the hobby.
365 kHz FAR Fargo, ND Broadcast also Get your General ticket. If you have a
379 kHz SP Springfield, IL Special scanner, I suggest you tune in 146.160
401 kHz LA Lafayette, IN Industrial and 152.902 in your area.
There is a whole bunch more on frequen- 161.640 -161.760 MHz Remote Pick -up
cies from 200 kHz up to the bottom of the Broadcast Best Seller
broadcast band. Look for them. The iden- 166.250 MHz Remote Pick -up
tifying letters are not call signs, but the Is there a Bible for the shortwave lis-
Broadcast tener? I mean, is there one I should get
actual Morse code letters transmitted re- 170.150 MHz Remote Pick-up
peatedly. after I get a copy of COMMUNICATIONS
Broadcast WORLD?
173.225- 173.375 MHz Press Relay; -1.K., Rocky Mount, VA
Box Numbers also Motion
Why monitor the fire department chan- Picture There's one outstanding annual I
nels when alarm locations are usually by 450.050-450.950 MHz Remote Pick-up wouldn't be without (after my copy of
fire alarm box number. Where is box Broadcast COMMUNICATIONS WORLD) and that is
4628? Fooey on fire monitoring! 452.975-453.000 MHz Press Relay the World Radio TV Handbook. After 34
455.050- 455.950 MHz Remote Pick -up refreshing editions, the Handbook is still
-F.B., Evanston, IL Broadcast unsurpassed. It's packed 584 pages sell
Did you ever think of asking your fire Also, pay special attention to 146.940,
" for $15.00. To get your copy, write to
department for a list of fire box locations 452.975, 953.000. Let me know how you Gilfer Associates, Inc., P.O. Box 239,
by number? Sure, many will tell you to make out. Park Ridge, NJ 07656.

12 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


communicions
WORLD
1981 EDITI011
by Don JEnsen

There was a time when nearly everyone listened to


1 radio programs. That time, perhaps, began in the
Roaring 20s, and sputtered out in the late 1950s, when
television came of age.
In the earliest days, families of radio listeners could
bb found nightly, gathered around a breadboard crystal
set, passing around the headset so everyone, in turn,
could hear the program.
Later, voices and music came from a loudspeaker in
the living room. People listened to the A&P Gypsies,
dramas sponsored by Lux and others, melodramas by
breakfast cereals, and a president's Fireside Chats. In
the golden years of radio programs, there were comedic
classics by Fred Allen, Jack Benny, Red Skelton; pro -
totypical sitcoms like "Lum 'n' Abner" and "Amos 'n'
Andy" which enthralled people every week.
Radio today is different. I'm not knocking the AM
radio of the 80s, for after all, there's an audience of
millions attesting to the fact that somebody is doing
something right!
But today's radio has a rather limited scope. It is
only a slight exaggeration to describe it as wall -to -wall
music. Program? The only pretense at programming is
to change the name when one deejay ends his air stint
and another takes his place at the mike.
What are missing are programs, shows with begin-
nings, middles and ends, broadcasts with separate and
distinct character, to entertain, enthrall, amuse or some-
times scare the pants off you, depending on the type. It
could be musical variety, comedy, mystery, quiz show
or t have you. It would do its job, then give way, a
half hour or hour later to another program that would
take over the task of pleasing the listeners. I this sense,
on our domestic AM radio, programs are dead. .

Sure, there are exceptions. There have beep some


bold tries at fresh new radio drama, plus some nostalgic
reruns of old radio shows via scratchy transcriptions,
generally aired on Saturday mornings or Sunday eve-
nings. There are still some decent to very good infor-
mational and news- oriented programs.

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


I
13
fk-
-i
communicArions WORLD There is a universal language that
can open up the world to you even if
you understand only English. It's
A

Those of us over 40, old fogies that er- sports- and -above -all -music to a mo- music, of course.
we are, may bemoan the loss of radio bile young audience. And music, frankly, is one key rea-
programs. Many younger people have Variety and Quality Are Abundant. son why more and more persons have
never known what it's like to sit before Shortwave is, in many ways, "nOw" been turning to the programs of short-
a speaker in a semi -trance, letting the radio. Not long ago, Radio Nederland's wave radio.
images roll across the mind, rather than New Generation program took an in- The variety of musical programming
a video screen. teresting look at the history of punk is almost staggering. Classical music?
Shortwave Brings Programming rock, and its influence on Dutch music Certainly, aired by stations as diverse
Back. But this intro to the 1981 COM- and musicians. Radio Sweden, for ex- as the BBC in England and Radio
MUNICATIONS WORLD is not intended ample, shows off its homebrew version Nacional de Colombia. Recently Radio
as a nostalgic "downer," a hopeless plea of the New Wave in music, generally New Zealand broadcast a program
to bring back radio of the "olden little known to North American fans, series called Bands on Parade, featur-
days." on some segments of its Saturday Show. ing the brass band sounds of that Pa-
The focus is positive, not negative! Humor? In recent years, Americans cific island country.
Rather than complaining about the lack have joined domestic Canadian audi- -
SWLs shortwave -
listeners may
of radio programs on today's AM ences in laughing at programs such as tend, at least at first, to stick to the
radio, I'm here to point out a haven Dr. Bundolo's Pandemonium Medicine programs presented in the English lan-
where radio programming can be found Show and the Royal Canadian Air guage, it really isn't necessary when
aplenty. The place is shortwave radio! Force, aired over shortwave facilities of music, not words, are most important.
Yes, you'll find all sorts of radio our northern neighbor's Canadian Consider the tremendous range of in-
programs on SW. Certainly I'm not say- Broadcasting Corporation. teresting and exotic musical sounds on
ing shortwave programming is every- Contemporary radio also doesn't the air: There is the lush tropical sound
thing everyone might want it to be. mean that only an under -30 audience of Tahiti, with wildly pounding drums;
There's blatant propaganda and some is the target. the haunting music of the Arab world;
program "dogs." But, frankly, there Jazz is a music form that has no age the Indonesian gamelan; the sitars and
are a lot of listening "gems" as well barriers. Last summer's North Sea Jazz tambors of India; Peruvian huaynos
that attract millions of program listen- Festival featured stars such as Dizzy from the high altiplano; West African
ers around the world. Gillespie, Maynard Ferguson, Ray highlife sounds -well, the list could go
For those who are new to shortwave Charles, the Oscar Peterson Trio and on and on, musical specialties from all
listening, let me make one thing clear. more. For three days, the festival held parts of the globe.
What you'll hear is not the 1940s trans- forth at The Hague in the Netherlands. While there isn't much dramatic fare
planted into the 80s. This is contempo- Listeners to Radio Nederland had front on North American AM radio, there's
rary radio, not something old fashioned row seats for many of the highlights of plenty to be found on shortwave.
or outdated. the event -via shortwave. Great Britain's BBC is one of the
Maybe it is something like what AM Down under, Radio Australia offers best sources in the world for radio-
radio would have been today if tele- its program Jazz Australia. The British plays. In a recent month, the BBC
vision hadn't come along and left our Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) has World Service presented classics like
medium wave domestic stations the nar- Jazz for the Asking, and there is the Henry James' The Bostonians and The
row mission of presenting news -weath- Voice of America's VOA Jazz. Fall of the House of Usher by Edgar
Allan Poe; adaptations from the mov-
ies, including Mamie and Tunes of
Glory. The same radio service also
produces radio dramas specially written
for it, and another, Arden of Faver-
sham which was first presented on stage
in 1592! There are dramatized detec-
tive stories, gothic tales, adventure and
humor on SW.
Travel by radio is possible with
shortwave. Travelogue and tourist pro-
grams are regular fare. There are quiz
and audience participation programs,
play-by-play sports events and sports
roundups, and much more. You can
learn a number of different languages
by following various radio courses of-

Here we have Larry Van Horn, Milling-


ton, TN, tuning his DX -150 receiver.
While Larry listens to shortwave stations,
he says his primary interest is the
AM medium wave band where he has
logged 530 stations in 38 states and
19 different countries. A nice record of
achievement on BCB!

14 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


ALL STATES ON MEDIUM WAVE
It is possible to hear all states on the AM medium wave kHz Call City State
broadcast band ... but it's hard, especially after you 1000 WHWB Rutland Vermont
reach 40 or 45, to log the final few. Veteran BCBers dif- 1020 KDKA Pittsburgh Pennsylvania
fer on which stations can be considered best bets, but 1030 WBZ Boston Massachusetts
here's CW's selection: 1040 WHO Des Moines Iowa
1070 WTSO Madison Wisconsin
kHz Call City State 1080 WTIC Hartford Connecticut
550 KFYR Bismarck North Dakota 1090 WBAL Baltimore Maryland
560 WQAM Miami Florida 1090 KAAY Little Rock Arkansas
570 WNAX Yankton South Dakota 1110 KFAB Omaha Nebraska
620 KTAR Phoenix Arizona 1110 WBT Charlotte North Carolina
630 KOH Reno Nevada 1120 KMOX St. Louis Missouri
630 WPRO Providence Rhode Island 1140 KGEM Boise Idaho
650 WSM Nashville Tennessee 1140 WRVA Richmond Virginia
650 KORL Honolulu Hawaii 1160 KSL Salt Lake City Utah
700 WLW Cincinnati Ohio 1170 WWVA Wheeling West Virginia
750 KFQD Anchorage Alaska 1190 KEX Portland Oregon
750 WSB Atlanta Georgia 1190 WOWO Ft. Wayne Indiana
760 WJR Detroit Michigan 1200 WOAI San Antonio Texas
770 WABC New York. New York 1250 WREN Topeka Kansas
770 KOB Albuquerque New Mexico 1290 WKNE Keene New Hampshire
830 WCCO Minneapolis Minnesota 1370 KXLF Butte Montana
840 WHAS Louisville Kentucky 1390 WCSC Charleston South Carolina
850 WYDE Birmingham Alabama 1410 WDOV Dover Delaware
850 KOA Denver Colorado 1410 KWYO Sheridan Wyoming
870 WWL New Orleans Louisiana 1510 KGA Spokane Washington
890 WLS Chicago Illinois 1520 KOMA Oklahoma City Oklahoma
930 WPAT Paterson New Jersey 1530 KFBK Sacramento California
970 WCSH Portland Maine 1550 WOKJ Jackson Mississippi

fered by major world broadcasters. "As blasphemous as it may seem, in- It is interesting to note the empha-
News Around The World. News, ternational broadcast listening is a form sis or deemphasis on various aspects of
when it happens, where it happens, of entertainment. It is basically a past - the same story. Rather than being
often is cited as one of the major at- time, a diversion . .." says Elliott. bored by hearing the same news from
tractions of shortwave listening. "Consumption of news and current af- a number of different stations, I enjoy
And there are a lot of news, press fairs content is part of this entertain- the comparisons -for news presented
reviews, commentaries and informa- ment, but most listeners' appetites for differently is not really the same news
tional type programs on SW. Admitted- this type of programming are finite...." at all. Some are factual, seemingly un-
ly, some is rather blatant and one-sided Professor Elliott argues for more of biased; others present but one side,
propaganda. Some newscasts, however, the types of programs I've already downplay or even ignore parts of the
are carefully balanced and thorough in noted, saying that listeners' letters to story. This different treatment of the
coverage. foreign shortwave stations ring with same news stories by different interna-
Too Much News? There are other "legions of kudos for music, drama, tional broadcasters, in itself, adds some-
criticisms of the shortwave news broad- comedy or quiz programs." Give us thing to the SWL's understanding.
casts too, however. more, these letters are telling interna- Okay, that's my opinion. And surely
Kim Andrew Elliott, a shortwave lis- tional broadcasters. there will be many who disagree with
tener and Assistant Professor of Com- Professor Elliott asks these overseas it. But also, it seems, there are a good-
munications Studies at the University stations to consider breaking out of the ly number of COMMUNICATIONS
of Massachusetts, is one who is critical traditional programming mold anchored WORLD readers who also are hooked
of traditional shortwave news program- on the news broadcast. on the newscasts from abroad. At least
ming. He thinks the so-called informa- SW News Can Be Interesting And that is what your mail to CW suggests.
tional aspects of international short - Educational! Elliott makes some good Many have written to say that the
wave radio are being overdone, and points. There are dull, overlong, poorly opportunity to hear the news from
often, just not done very well. written, badly presented newscasts and overseas is one key reason why they
Elliott says that international broad- commentaries, press reviews and inter -' bought a shortwave receiver in the first
casters, perhaps because it is an easy views. place. In some cases it is a desire by
' sort of programming to produce, and But there are also those of us -and
I admit to the name -who are flatout
persons born 'overseas to hear the news
because governmental sponsorship from the "old country."
thinks it is important, may be over- news "nuts." What is also true, however, is that
emphasizing the informational and I find it fascinating to follow certain many of these listeners soon find the
shortchanging more interesting enter- news stories in their various versions many entertainment programs already
tainment aspects. If this is the case, he as broadcast by different shortwave sta- mentioned.
asks, are these stations really attracting tions from London to Peking to Johan- In the end, probably, what we all
the sorts of audiences they could and nesburg to Moscow to Tokyo to Mon- seek is a suitable balance between en-
should? treal! tertainment and information in the in-

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 15


.;::: ing from your everyday AM radio!
.,.,..,.
ji
GOmmunICATIOnS WORLD a.:...;
What is SW? I've been extolling the
virtues of shortwave, the tremendous
ternational shortwave programming. world newscasts from Germany's variety of programming you can hear.
BBC Radio Newsreel. Of all the vari- Deutsche Welle. Radio Canada Inter- But for many of you, a big question
ous SW news services, the BBC is gen- national. Radio Nederland, Radio Aus- may still remain:
erally recognized as one of the very tralia, Swiss Radio International and What is shortwave, anyway? Many
best. other international SW voices. people have at least a vague notion of
And the best of the best, in my view, More recently, some stations have what shortwave radio is all about.
is the BBC's Radio Newsreel, which realized that in competition with the It's another dial on their radio, which
celebrated its 40th birthday last sum- major news outlets of the world, the they never bother to use. It's noise and
mer. BBC and VOA, with tremendous news static and hard-to- tune -in- stations. It is
For four decades, since World War gathering resources, they are coming complicated and technical. It programs
II, Radio Newsreel has served up thor- out second best. So, instead, these sta- in foreign languages from far away.
ough, well balanced world newscasts. tions have begun to focus on their own While those views are partly true,
In its early days in the 40s, it was country's news, or regional news. they ignore more than they tell about
considered the radio equivalent of the Again, here's an area where the BBC shortwave. If you have a receiver which
then popular movie theater newsreel. also does a good job, with it's home- has shortwave coverage, you're already
It was based, then as now, on word focused News About Britain, also ahead of the game. You should spend
picture and on- the -scene reports from heard on the SW World Service. some time tuning that "extra" dial on
BBC correspondents across the globe. A pioneer in emphasizing regional your radio. You'll be surprised at the
Today's radio newsmen would call news is Radio Finland, which sets its results. And the basic reason COMMU-
them "actualities." sights on reporting events in Finland NICATIONS WORLD is here, is to help you
The movie newsreel has long van- and Scandinavia. out on these probelms.
ished from the scene, killed off by in- For regional news coverage from Yes, there is noise and static, per-
stantaneous television that rendered other corners of the world, you might haps more than you're used to. There's
week -old films in movie theaters obso- do well to check out the broadcasts of also noise and static that affect your
lete. But the radio version goes happily Israel Radio and Radio Cairo and All normal AM medium wave radio sig-
on. Five editions of Radio Newsreel India Radio, to name but three. nals, but normally it isn't bothersome
are aired daily in the BBC's World So are you really interested in Nor- because the strength of the stations'
Service. Incidentally, Radio Newsreel, dic news, or what is happening in the signals is more than enough to over-
picked up off the air and relayed across Arab world? At first you may not think power the interference.
America, can be heard on many AM so, but I think you may find that many Well, there are, today, many ex-
and FM National Public Radio (NPR) of these stories aired in the various tremely powerful shortwave stations -
stations daily. regional type news broadcasts are worth signals ten times more powerful than
Voice of America. Although there knowing about -and you may never the most potent AM station in the U.S.
were credibility problems in the past, hear about them on other, world news- and Canada. And these stations pump
the Voice of America today does a casts aired for domestic consumption. radio signals into North America that
rather good job of presenting world Yes, news and entertainment, there's are strong, loud and clear, despite the
news in its programming schedule on a lot to listen for on shortwave radio - great distances involved.
shortwave. You can also hear major a totally new dimension in radio listen- There also are, of course, lower
powered -some very low powered -
shortwave voices around the world.
These stations are, in fact, difficult to
hear in our part of the world.
They present an entirely different
aspect to the listening hobby. That
facet is called DXing.
Broadly, DXing means the hobby of
listening for distant and hard-to -tune
stations simply because they are chal-
lenging to hear.
While shortwave listeners (SWLs)
are, as I have already noted, primarily
interested in program listening, DX
fans are more fascinated by the fact
that a weak, wavering signal is making
it through the noise and interference
at all!

We have to disagree with 15-year -old


Herb Fischer, St. Louis, MO, who says
he has a "crude set-up." Herb uses
what he calls a "low cost shortwave
radio," the Realistic DX -40, but shows
that even a simple listening post can be
very attractive. "It's all I really need
to provide a worthwhile hobby," he says.

16 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


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cUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 19
utes. Utility operations include com-
GOm mu n ICATI OnS WORLD mercial and governmental point-to-
point communications, radiotelephone,
That brings us to the matter of for- turn on a switch and tune a knob, that's radiotelegraph, radioteletype, aeronauti-
eign languages. Obviously, to the Eng- okay too. cal and maritime communications, mili-
lish-speaking listeners, shortwave does Simply put, anyone can -and most tary transmissions and, well, the list
abound with programs in foreign lan- who try it, probably will enjoy short- goes on.
guages- French and Farsi (a language wave listening. Utility stations do not broadcast pro-
of Iran), Spanish and Swahili (a major SW Frequency Spectrum. Strictly grams, shortwave broadcast stations do.
African language), Indonesian and Es- speaking, the high frequencies, what we And these broadcasters are found in
kimo, Chinese, Creole and many, many call shortwaves, include those between an even dozen shortwave bands. Or at
more. 3,000 and 30,000 kilohertz (kHz). least there are 12 SWBC bands now.
But there is an astonishing large Practically speaking, we generally add In late 1979, delegates at the World
number of English language programs a bit more spectrum space at the lower Administrative Radio Conference
on shortwave, including virtually all of end of that range, to include an inter- (WARC), meeting in Geneva, Switzer-
the ones I mentioned at the beginning esting small group of stations in our land, made some modifications in the
of this article. You can hear stations working definition. For our purposes, shortwave broadcasting bands. We'll
in well over 100 different countries we'll consider the shortwave frequen- look at them shortly. But since they
around the globe knowing not one cies to begin at about 2,000 kHz. won't be operational for some years,
word of a language other than English. Within the general radio frequency first let us consider the shortwave bands
Signals from far away? Certainly! spectrum, you iee, the shortwaves be- as they are today.
But there are quite a few not so far gin not far above the highest medium Where The SWBC Bands Are Lo-
away. Radio Canada International is wave frequency in use, 1600 kHz, the cated. Most shortwave stations will be
one of the more popular shortwave top of your AM dial. And it ends be- found by tuning the 12 shortwave
broadcasters among North American low the bottom of the low very high bands. They are designated the 120,
SW audiences. Canada has, as well, a frequency (VHF) band used by some 90, 75, 60, 49, 41, 31, 25, 19, 16, 13
domestic shortwave service providing public service and police communica- and 11 meter bands.
programs to its citizens living in the tions. Also well above, in frequency, Kilohertz? Now meters?
Arctic regions and northern provincial the shortwaves are FM and TV trans- Okay, let's clear up those essential
area, plus at least a handful of private missions, also in the VHF and ultra terms before moving on. They are con-
stations that duplicate on shortwave high frequency (UHF) ranges. fusing to many.
their AM radio programming. There are three broad categories of For illustrative purposes, think of a
The U.S. has its Voice of America, stations that operate in the shortwaves. violin string. Of course with a violin
also widely listened to at home. And There are, first of all, the amateur we are talking of audio frequencies, not
there are other private shortwave voices radio operators, hams who engage in electromagnetic radiation, but the ex-
with religious connections -Family Ra- two -way personal radio communica- ample may help to explain the relation-
dio WYFR in Florida, World Interna- tions. Ham radio is really outside the ship between wavelength and fre-
tional Broadcasters' WINB in Pennsyl- scope of COMMUNICATIONS ' WORLD quency.
vania and KGEI, the Voice of Friend- coverage. If you're interested in learn- As the violinist slides his finger on
ship in California. ing more about ham radio, I suggest the neck, he shortens and lengthens the
Finally, is shortwave listening tech- you check your newsstand for several string. As he strokes the string with the
nical and complicated? Yes and no! fine magazines that deal exclusively bow, he sets it to vibrating. The short-
Television is complex and technical with amateur radio, or read some of er the string, the more vibrations per
too, but that doesn't prevent a person the publications of the Amateur Radio second. There is -and this is true of
with little or no electronics expertise Relay League, Newington, CT 06111. radio waves as well -an inverse rela-
from enjoying it. The same is true with The second category is shortwave tionship between wavelength and fre-
shortwave. If you are interested in the broadcasting, the sort of programming quency.
more technical aspects of electronics, stations I've been talking about. We'll Just where you'll find a station on
the more esoteric physics, that is there focus our attention mostly on these your shortwave dial depends on the
for you to also enjoy in the hobby. If SWBC stations. electromagnetic wave transmitted. The
you're the kind of person who wants to The third type of station found in wave has a certain length, measured in
the shortwave range of frequencies is a meters (a meter is roughly 39.37 inch-
catchall category that lumps together es).
virtually all other transmissions you That wave "vibrates" a certain num-
can hear in our chosen section of the ber of times per second, depending on
radio spectrum. Hobby listeners call its length; the number of "vibrations"
these stations, broadly, the utilities, or. we call frequency.
As wavelength is measured in meters,
frequency is measured in cycles per
J. P. Kana, Fayetteville, GA, has been
listening to shortwave for 10 years, he
second, or Hertz. At shortwave fre-
notes, and has logged stations such as quencies, we use the terms kilohertz
Radio Andorra, Radio Ulan Bator (kHz, 1,000 cycles per second) or
(Mongolia), the Voice of Iceland and Megahertz ( MHz, a million cycles per
Radio Pilipinas (Philippines). His receiv- second) .
ers, shown here, include a Yaesu FRG-7 One of the shortwave frequencies of
(top shelf), a SONY ICF -5900W porta- America's "radio clock," Standard
ble and, the "biggie," an ex- military rig, Time and Frequency station WWV at
the R390A, made by Collins.

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


20
1
Ft. Collins, CO, is 15,000 kHz. It's ones deliberately reaching out to for- the present band, another 75 'kHz at
radio wave "vibrates" at a rate of eign audiences in the languages of the top: 11,650 to 12,050 kHz.
15,000 X 1,000 (or 15 million) times those listeners. Among these stations, The creation of a totally new
each second. therefore, you'll find the most programs SWBC band, 200 kHz wide, from
An equally acceptable and fully in English, specifically beamed to North 13,600 to 13,800 kHz.
4 equivalent frequency measurement American listeners. at prime listening An increase of 150 kHz of band
would be 15 MHz, of course. A short- times here, generally the evening hours. space to the present 19 meter band at
wave frequency of 15,000 kHz or 15 High Bands. The four highest fre- its top end: 15,000 to 15,600 kHz.
MHz corresponds to a wavelength of quency shortwave bands are 19 meter An additional 150 kHz at the
20 meters. band (15,100 to 15,450 kHz) , 16 meter lower end of the existing 16 -meter
The basic formulas are wavelength band (17,700 to 17,900 kHz) , 13 band: 17,550 to 17,900 kHz.
(in meters) equals 300,000 (roughly meter band (21,450 to 21,750 kHz) An increase of 100 kHz to the high
the speed of light in kilometers per and 11 meter band (25,600 to 26,100 end of the 13 meter band: 21,450 to
second), divided by frequency (in kilo- kHz). 21,850 kHz.
hertz); and, conversely, frequency WARC Proposals. The 1979 World The existing 11 -meter band was de-
equals 300,000 divided by wavelength. Administrative Radio Conference held creased in size by 70 kHz, to 25,670 to
Another example: A shortwave fre- in Switzerland in the fall of that year 26,100 kHz.
quency of 6,000 kHz is the same as 6 had the goal of setting out the use of That, presumably, will be what our
MHz. They are also equivalent to a radio frequencies through the end of shortwave broadcasting bands will look
wavelength of: this century. like as we approach the 21st Century.
300,000 or 50 meters. Many of the western nations went But don't look for these changes to-
6,000 into the conference seeking additional morrow. They won't happen at least
Except when referring to specific "band space" for international broad- until after the planned mid -decade
shortwave meter bands, I'll generally casting. The U.S., for instance, proposed broadcasting conference.
be referring to frequency in kilohertz, nearly 50 percent more spectrum room When to Tune. Where to tune to find
but the terms are just different ways of for shortwave broadcasting. The USSR shortwave programming is closely link-
getting the same idea across. on the other hand, proposed no increase ed to the matter of when to tune. And
Tropical Bands. Back to the short- in broadcasting frequencies. However, both are involved in what DX fans
wave bands, first we'll consider four the Soviet Union has always been quite call propagation.
which are broadly called the Tropical willing to operate, without any interna- That means, simply, the natural phe-
bands. They are the 120 meter band tional authorization, just about where nomena that bring a radio signal from
(2,300 to 2,495 kHz), 90 meter band it wants, inside or outside the regular a distant transmitter to your receiving
(3,200 to 3,400 kHz), 75 meter band international shortwave bands. antenna.
(3,900 to 4,000 kHz) and 60 meter A second aim of many of the coun- Radio signals travel in a straight line.
band (4,750 to 5,060 kHz). tries attending WARC-79 was some Thus, directly received signals are not
The majority of stations using these sort of limitation on the use of the possible ,very much beyond the hori-
four bands are the shortwave equiva- shortwave bands. This could have in- zon. How then do shortwave radio
lents of local and regional AM radio in cluded new technological approaches waves travel thousands of miles around
many parts of the world, but particu- and /or a willingness to simply use the world?
larly in the belt of nations on either fewer channels in given bands. Distant shortwave reception relies on
side of the equator in Latin America, The second aspect didn't get very far skywave propagation. High above the
Africa, Asia and the Pacific. Thus the at WARC, but the conferees did agree earth, in the ionosphere, are a series of
term, Tropical bands. to convene a two -session "specialized layers of gases, ionized by solar radia-
The stations on these bands direct high frequency broadcasting confer- tion. These are labeled the D, E and F
programs mainly at audiences in their ence" during the middle of this decade layers by physicists.
home countries or regions, in the lan- to plan a more efficient and equitable The two highest bands, but especially
guages of those nations. Transmitters use of the shortwave BC bands. the F layer, are reflective to radio sig-
are lower powered with more limited Twenty -five nations, including the nals in the shortwave frequency range.
range. U.S., expressed some doubts that the When a shortwave radio signal leaves
International Broadcasters. Heading later conference would succeed, but for the transmitting antenna, it heads off
up the shortwave frequencies, the next the present have agreed to go along in a straight line toward space. In the
four bands are the 49 meter band (5,- with the limited expansion of the short- ionosphere it encounters a radio- reflec-
950 to 6,200 kHz), 41 meter band wave bands approved by the WARC- tive layer and comes bouncing back to
(7,100 to 7,300 kHz), 31 meter band 79 gathering. earth to be received at a distant listen-
(9,500 to 9,775 kHz), and 25 meter WARC allocated an additional 650 ing site. Several "bounces," back and
band (11,700 to 11,975 kHz). kHz in the existing bands from 9 to forth between the earth and the ion-
You'll find some of the local and 21 MHz; decreased the 11 meter band ized layer high above, can take a radio
regional stations on these bands but, by 70 kHz, and created a totally new signal around the. globe.
increasingly, the higher in frequency band something below the current 19 This is what makes worldwide short-
you tune, more of the so-called inter- meter band. wave reception possible.'
national broadcasters. The additions to the SWBC frequen- But there's a catch too. There is an-
These international broadcasters gen- cies will look like this: other layer in the ionosphere called the
erally are the more powerful stations. An additional 125 kHz on the "D." It tends to absorb, rather than re-
That stands to reason, too, since they "top end" of the 31 meter band: 9,500 flect the longer wavelengths, that is, the
exist mainly to serve foreign, not do- to 9,900 kHz. lower frequency SW signals.
mestic audiences.. An additional 125 kHz to the 25 The "D" layer reacts most strongly
These international stations are the meter band, 50 kHz at the bottom of to solar radiation. It exists in those

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 21


radios, imported by the millins from
GommuniCATlOn3 WORLD the Orient during the past decade or so.
Often this sort of portable radio, pur-
parts of the ionosphere reached by sun- this isn't to say that you should quit chased generally for under $75 or so,
shine. On the "nightside" of the world, listening during the warmer months. offers at least partial coverage of the
the "D" layer quickly disappears, only There are more hours of darkness shortwave frequencies. Even though A
to be regenerated again after dawn. during winter, when the lower DXing your intent at the time you bought it
Where the "D" layer is existant, SW bands showed improved perform- , was to let you listen to FM, or AM
along daylight paths between station ance. radio while "on the go," the SW fea-
and listener, lower frequency SW sig- Secondly, atmospheric noise or static ture will now be your belated bonus.
nals will be absorbed. There will be no -SWLs call it QRN, a borrowed ama- These shortwave radios can get you
long haul shortwave reception. teur radio term. Its counterpart is QRM started, without a doubt. But, frankly,
There will be SW reception, however, or man -made radio noise-is diminished if you have an interest in shortwave
on the higher shortwave frequencies. in winter. listening that lasts beyond just casually
Over darkness paths, signals will propa- Lightning storms are terrific static tuning in to foreign stations a few
gate on 'the low SW frequencies. generators. Crashes and blasts of static times, it won't be long before you're
In practice, this phenomenon sug- can drive the most dedicated shortwave ready to consider a more up -to -date
gests the "when" of shortwave listen- listener from his receiver. receiver.
ing. On the high shortwave bands, say Lightning is like a giant, natural The basic reason is that in the past
the 19, 16, 13 and 11 meter band, do jamming station, pouring out millions few years there have been dramatic
your tuning during your daylight hours. of watts of DX- inhibiting static. Be- improvements in SW receivers. And the
There isn't much use in bothering cause these "signals" act like ordinary most notable of the improvements in-
with the low frequencies, 49, 60, 75, radio waves, they too can travel long volves what DXers call frequency read-
90 and 120 meter bands, between your distances. It may be a delightful day, out.
early morning hours and later after- weatherwise, where you live, but Frequency Readout means the ability
noon. It is a progressive situation, storms thousands of miles away can of the receiver to accurately display
however, and the 49 and 60 meter blitz you with heavy static! But there the frequency to which your SW re-
bands, for example, will "open up" are, simply, fewer electrical storms in ceiver is tuned.
earlier in the afternoon than will the winter than in summer. Tuning a TV set to a particular
75, 90 and 120 meter bands. Additionally, there is the sunspot cy- channel, or a CB transceiver to the
In between, the 25, 31 and to some cle to consider. Sunspots are those vio- proper spot is nothing more than a few
extent, 41 meter bands, are transitional, lent flareups on the sun's surface. The clicks of a dial and you're locked in.
between the darkness -daylight extremes. number of sunspots rises and falls over With an AM radio, a turn of the dial
Remember. too, that darkness ap- a cycle that is something like 11 years to the approximate area of your favor -
proaches from the east. So in the after- in length, though increasingly, scientists its local station brings in a loud and
noon, as dusk approaches, the path of are realizing that they really don't clear signal. But it's a different matter
darkness for shortwave signals will be know all that much about predicting on the shortwave bands. Signals are
roughly to your east. the peaks and valleys of the cycle. jammed closely together in relatively
That's the time to look for SW sig- During periods of high sunspot ac- small bands.
nals on the lower frequencies from tivities -and we're moving in that direc- Inexpensive and older radios often
Africa, the Middle East and such Euro- tion now -solar radiation drastically al- have so-called sliderule type dials-a
pean stations as operate on those bands. ters the ionospheric reflecting layers in plastic "bar" slides in front of a dial
As your darkness disappears at such a way as to allow reception up to plate vaguely marked with frequencies.
dawn, it is still night to the west of the high end of the shortwave range. The SW 31 meter band, for instance,
your location, and low SW frequency Practically, this means that more and is 275 kilohertz wide. Among the band's
signals from Asia and the Pacific areas more international shortwave broadcast- frequencies, hundreds of stations oper-
are likely to be heard. ers will be utilizing the high shortwave ate, several dozen can be heard reason-
Thus, the basic rule is lower SW fre- frequencies, 13 and 11 meter bands. ably well during the evening hours.
quencies at night; higher frequencies Tuning in on SW. A shortwave receiv- Yet, on the sliderule dial of a typical
during daylight hours. er, of course, is essential, before the Japanese multi -band portable of the
There are two other reception cycles whats and whens of SWLing can come older type, the entire 31 meter band is
to consider. The first is seasonal. into play. represented on the dial panel by a mark
Normally winter is better than sum- Perhaps, around the house, you al- only a quarter to a half inch long.
mer for shortwave reception, though ready have a receiver capable of tuning Trying to somehow tune to a specific
the shortwave frequencies. It might be station in such a tiny band space on the
an old multi -band radio 30 or more dial is purely a hit and miss proposition.
years old, which if taken from the attic Oh yes, tuning by "ear" will bring in
and dusted off, possibly "re- tubed" if the stations. Tonight, purely by tuning
necessary, will still pull in the foreign around, you may well hear, for in-
stations. stance, Swiss Radio International, loud
Maybe it is one of the portable and clear. Later you may tune in Radio
Moscow's World Service in English.
"El Shacko," as Alabama DXer Neal The problem, however, comes the next
Perdue calls his DXing setup, is located time you try to duplicate your original
in a mobile home atop a southern feat by bringing in SRI. Finding it
mountain. Neal's receivers include a again, with the receiver's vague fre-
Drake SW4A, a Hallicrafters SX -100 and
quency readout, makes it just as much
a Panasonic RF2900.

22 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


a matter of luck in tuning as it was the
first night.
Before very long, you'll tire of just
stumbling around the shortwave fre- Full coverage from 0
quencies for whatever may come your to 30 MHz without
way. You'll want more accurate fre- gaps is possible from
this high quality re-
quency readout that will let you know ceiver by R. L. Drake.
the frequency to which you've tuned, The R7 features both
and let you return easily to the same digital and analog fre-
spot the next time you listen. quency readout and
Digital Readout. The best way to ac- over 100 dB selectivity.
complish this is with digital frequency
readout tuning. A few years ago digital
electronic readout of frequencies was joining frequencies for 25, maybe 50 the old notion of changing frequency
available only in the most expensive kHz on either side of the center fre- by dialing a knob on the receiver. In-
shortwave receivers. Not long before quency of those stations. stead there is a keyboard arrangement
that, it simply was not available at all. Building selectivity into a set costs something like a touch tone telephone.
Today, this sort of frequency read- money. The less expensive the set, the If you want to tune in, for example, a
out, generally an illuminated display less effective is its selectivity circuitry, shortwave frequency such as 15,350
showing the numerical frequency,' is as a general rule. kHz, you touch, in sequence, the num-
available on many SW portables and While most receivers costing over a bers 1- 5 -3 -5 -0 and, quick as a flash,
"table-sized" communications receivers couple of hundred dollars will have you're on frequency. From this, or any
priced as low as from $200 -$300. The selectivity good enough to hear most of other selected frequency, you can scan
more expensive sets almost invariably the international broadcasters, if you upward or downward on the band with
have electronic digital display. are also interested in hearing the lower a touch of another set of controls. The
Analog Readout. On some of the powered, lower SW frequency Tropical system is totally electronic; nothing me-
lower priced, though still not cheap, re- Bands domestic and regional voices, chanical at all.
ceivers, reasonably accurate analog type you may improve your success rate by SONY has put touch pad tuning and
readouts are available. These make use looking to a more expensive set, or memory in its ICF-2001 receiver,
of the older style dials. But designed having a receiver modified for better brought out in 1980 in the low-moder-
mainly for shortwave purposes, it often selectivity. ate price range.
is possible to tune and retune the sets For not a great deal more than an I'm reluctant to speak in terms of
with an accuracy of 5 to 10 kHz of true unmodified set, outfits such as Gilfer specific prices, since there is a fair range
frequency. This should normally put Associates Inc. (P.O. Box 239, Park of difference between dealers in differ-
you in the general vicinity of the sta- Ridge, NJ 07656) and Radio West ent parts of the country, particularly
tion you desire and a bit of "tweaking" (3417 Purer Road, Escondido, CA where popular models and highly com-
will permit you to find the stronger 92025), can provide receivers with im- petitive markets are involved. And also,
stations of your choice. proved selectivity. since a goodly number of the models
Frequency readout is important to Exotic Tuning Features. There are two are built in Japan, the changing ex-
know where you're actually tuning, and new electronic marvels that are begin- change rate of the Yen causes price
where to tune to find the particular sta- ning to show up on moderate priced fluctuations.
tions you're hunting. to expensive shortwave receivers. Broadly speaking, the lower priced
Selectivity. Equally important is a re- One is called "memory." The mem- shortwave receivers will be those gen-
ceiver's selectivity. Selectivity is, simply, ory feature allows you to preset a cer- erally selling for under $200; low -mod-
the radio's ability to separate two short- tain number of frequencies in your re- erate from $200 to $300, moderate
wave signals on adjoining frequencies. ceiver. Then, without any tuning, a $300 to $500; moderately expensive,
Theoretically, within the shortwave push of a button will instantly bring $500 to $750; expensive, $750 to
bands, stations are located 5 kilohertz the receiver "up" on the preset, pre- $2,000, and super -costly, over $2,000.
apart. In practice, it is not uncommon determined frequency. Now admittedly, prices can be scarey!
to find two stations just a couple of If you have a half dozen or so fre- But consider it in terms of the costs of
kHz, or even less, apart. To the extent quently tuned stations (some expensive many other hobbies. A shortwave re-
possible, you will want to be able to sets have as many as 24 memory chan- ceiver will give you many years of lis-
hear the programs of one desired sta- nels), you can program them into the tening enjoyment for your one -time
tion, without heavy interference from receiver to make it ultra -easy to call purchase price. Consider what once or
another outlet on a nearby frequency. them up simply with the push of some twice a week bowling or golf would
A receiver with good selectivity will front panel buttons. cost over a five -year period. A receiver
be able to separate two signals of com- Last year, one had to pay at least is an investment in a good many years
parable strength if they are 5 kHz $1,500 to buy a shortwave receiver of enjoyment.
41
apart. If one is a strong signal, the with "memory" ability to return to pre - In the lower price range, SONY has
other -the one you want to hear -con- tuned frequencies time and again. This its model ICF5900W, which features
siderably weaker, it may take a receiver year, less than $800 will buy a memory an analog type frequency readout, rath-
with top notch selectivity to make in- smart receiver. Next year? Who er than digital. Similar in features is the
telligible reception possible. knows? Panasonic RF2200 set.
And a receiver with poor selectivity The second innovation now avail- In the moderate range of prices are
means only a few super powered sta- able, but destined for appearance in the SONY ICF6700W and Panasonic's
tions will be received clearly. Their sig- less expensive sets is touch pad tuning. RF4900, each featuring electronic digi-
nals will spread out, blocking other ad- Touch pad tuning gets away from tal readouts.

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 23


t

wave voices, don't be dismayed. Tune


GOmmunICATIOnS WORLD around a bit and the chances are good
you'll find the stations on their new
In the upper range of the expensive Speaking of the DX -160 and other frequencies.
bracket is SONY's new CRF-1. Pana- older -line sets, remember that used re- Twenty -Five International SW Sta-
sonic is said to have a new touch pad ceivers now five to twenty years .old tions. Here are some tips on tuning 25
ultra costly receiver on the way and can be real buys for the short -of -cash. of the major international broadcasters
also a new, very inexpensive barebones If you can locate some of the older (along with their addresses) :

SW receiver, RF -085 at under $70. tube models at radio dealers who take ALBANIA: Radio Tirana (Rue Is-
Yaesu Musen, another Japanese trade -ins, ham radio gear dealers, at mail Quemal, Tirana, Albania). Radio
manufacturer, gained acclaim a couple rummage sales or flea markets, they Tirana presents the '80s version of what
of years ago with its FRG-7 model, may be just the ticket. Cold War SW broadcasting was all
affectionately dubbed the "Frog- Seven" On the new receiver market, there about, a quarter of a century ago.
by shortwave listeners. Then Yaesu are other names you may consider - There is probably no other station
came out with an upgraded receiver, Grundig, Nordmende, Zenith, Sanyo, quite so outspoken today. Calling itself
the FRG-7000, featuring electronic Hitachi and others. The mentioning of the voice of Marxism -Leninism on the
digital readout. a few models and brands should not international shortwaves, Radio Tirana
Now the firm has discontinued the be considered endorsement of any par- is unfriendly to "our side." Tune: 7,120
7000 and replaced it with the improved ticular set. Shop around, give them a or 9,750 kHz, 0130 -0200 or 0230 -0300
FRG -7700. This is the low-end -of- try, find the set that seems to suit your GMT; or 6,200 or 7,300 kHz, 0330-
expensive rig that has the memory fea- needs and desires and, most of all, 040 GMT.
ture, or, without the memory circuitry, wallet, best! AUSTRALIA: Radio Australia (P.O.
comes in at something over $500. Fancy gadgetry is not always worth Box 428G, GPO, Melbourne 3001,
Kenwood, an outfit known for pro- the price! There is one set on the mar- Australia). A good source of news
ducing amateur radio transmitters and ket which greets the user, when he from Down Under. Listen for news-
equipment, has entered the market with first turns it on, with a cherry bit of casts on. the hour. Tune: 17,795 or
its model R-1000, which has been re- encouragement flashed across its read- 21,740 kHz, 0100 -0300 GMT.
ceiving quite a bit of listener interest out display: "I hope success!" Enthusi- AUSTRIA: Austrian Radio (SW Ser-
in late 1980. asm aside, that bit of gimmickry hardly ice, A -1136, Vienna, Austria). Though
Also introduced in 1980 was Japan adds to the real value of the set. not one of the largest European broad-
Radio Corporation's NRD -515, which If the receiver you buy can tell you, casters, this operation generally gets
offers the memory feature and others with a good degree of accuracy, the high marks from listeners for its Eng-
in the expensive range. It has received frequency to which it is tuned . if . . lish language service. Its Profile of Aus-
favorable writeups in the radio hobby it has the ability to separate signals on tria program is recommended. Tune:
bulletins. adjoining frequencies with a minimum 5,945 or 9,770 kHz, 0130 -0200 GMT.
Priced competitively with the NRD- of co- interference . . if it is within
. BULGARIA: Radio Sofia (4 Bd.
515 is the Drake R -7. Drake's receiver your price range ... then it's the short- Dragan Tsankov, Sofia, Bulgaria). This
-many SWLs will remember the qual- wave receiver for you! eastern European station is easily heard
ity of this Miamisburg, Ohio manufac- Around the Globe. By now you should during its two daily transmissions in
turer's "hit" receivers of the past, the be itching to be switching on your English to North America. Tune: 9,705
SPR -4 and R4B -has also received shortwave receiver. You've got the kHz, 0000 -0100 GMT, or 9,530 kHz,
some good reviews by users. radio and you're set up with an an- 0430 -0500 GMT.
Radio Shack has come out with two tenna, either a built -in whip, or, better CHINA: Radio Peking (Peking (Bei-
new receivers. One is the digital read- yet with most sets, a wire antenna jing), People's Republic of China).
out DX302, successor to the DX300 stretched around your room, or across Over the years, the content of the pro-
model. It is in the moderate price your backyard. gramming on shortwave from Peking
range. You know where the shortwave has mellowed remarkably. Still not the
In the low- moderate price range is bands are, and the optimum time to most interesting station on SW. but it
Radio Shack's DX200 model, with ana- tune each of them. You know there are has its moments. Tune: 15,120 kHz,
log, rather than digital frequency read- interesting programs on the air. 0100 -0500 GMT.
out. It replaces the longtime friend of Now, though, let's take a closer look CUBA: Radio Havana Cuba (Box
the younger or less affluent SWL, the at a cross section of the shortwave 7026, Havana, Cuba). If you want to
DX160 model. broadcasting stations of the world. hear Fidel's view of world events,
Remember, also, that SW broadcast- there's the English language Commen-
ing is very changeable. This month's tary on International Affairs. I prefer
frequency could be changed next the terrific Latin rhythms during both
month. Programming hours also may the English and Spanish services. Tune:
vary from season to season. But even 11.930 kHz. 0100 -0450 GMT, or 11,-
if there have been some minor changes 760 kHz, 0330 -0600 GMT, or 9.525
by tha time you read this and are kHz, 0630 -0800 GMT.
ready to tune for the following short- CZECHOSLOVAKIA: Radio Prague
(12099 Vinohradska, Prague 2, Czech-
"My main listening interest is shortwave,
and I've heard 27 stations in 25
oslovakia). This is another station that
countries in just over a month," writes works hard to attract and keep listen-
Tyler, TX SWL, Shane Mercer. Shane ers abroad. Its Saturday Night Jukebox
uses a Radio Shack Realistic DX-160 at 0135 is entertaining. Tune: 5,930,
receiver. 7,345, 9,740, 11,990 kHz, 0100 -0200

24 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


or 0300 -0400 GMT.
ECUADOR: HCJB (Voice of the INFORMATIVE DX PROGRAMS
Andes, Box 691, Quito, Ecuador). This A number of shortwave broadcasting stations feature regular programs specifi-
religiously oriented international broad- cally for SWLs. They vary somewhat in format, but most provide tips on stations
caster has been on the air for nearly to be logged, changes in frequencies and programming schedules. In many cases
a half century. It has an extensive Eng- the scripts for these informational programs are provided by various DXing clubs.
lish service; one of the few stations in Check text and /or WHITE's RADIO LOG section at the back of this issue for
South America to do so. Especially for shortwave frequencies to tune:
SWLs, the DX Partyline program - Station & Program Name Day and Time (GMT)
0230 GMT three times a Week -is rec- Austrian Radio, Shortwave Panorama Sunday, 0300, 0915, 1805
ommended. Tune: 9,745, 11,910, 15,-
Belgian Radio TV 2nd and 4th Sunday /Monday
155 kHz, 0230 -0500 GMT.
1735, 2245, 0035
EGYPT: Radio Cairo (P.O. Box
Radio Sofia (Bulgaria) Friday, 1930, 2130
1186, Cairo, Egypt) One of the better
.
Saturday. 0000, 0430
programmers in this part of the world.
Radio Canada Int., DX Digest Sun- av, 1800, 1900, 2000, 0100,
Has had programs with interesting in-
0200, 0300, 0400
sights into Arab world and. ancient
Radio Prague (Czechoslovakia) Wednesday, 1900, 2130
Egypt. Newscasts generally worthwhile.
Friday, 0100, 0300
Tune 9,475 kHz, 0200 -0330 GMT.
HCJB (Ecuador), DX Party Line Mon /Thurs /Sat 0800, 2130
FINLAND: Radio Finland (Box 95, Tues /Thurs /Sun. 0230
00251 Helsinki 25, Finland). Program-
Deutsche Welle (Germany) 2nd Saturday of the month, 0840,
ming is generally well done. Of a num- 1440, 1940, 2210, 0040, 0140,
ber of worthwhile programs, I like 0340, 0540
"Spotlight" on Thursdays. Tune: 15,- Radio Nederland, DX Jukebox Thursdays in each transmission
400 kHz, 0330 -0400 GMT, or 11,755. Radio Budapest (Hungary) Wednesday and Saturday, 0400
15,265 kHz, 1300 -1500 GMT.
Kol Israel Sunday, 2025, 2255
GERMANY, WEST: Duetsche Welle
Radio Japan, Tokyo Calling Sunday, 0810, 1000, 1125, 1840,
(Voice of Germany, P.O. Box 100444.
2025
D -5000 Cologne 1, Federal Republic Monday, 0015, 0200, 1640
of Germany). This is one of the real Radio New Zealand, Arthur Cushen's DX World 1st Sunday of month, 0915
giants of international shortwave broad- (1015, March -Oct)
casting. In addition to transmitters in Radio RSA (South Africa), DX Corner Saturday, 2100
Germany, the programs are relayed by Sunday, 0200
stations in Africa, the Mediterranean Radio Exterior de Espana (Spain) Sunday, 0147, 0247, 0602
(Malta), Portugal and the West Indies.
Radio Sweden, Sweden Calling DXers Tuesday during English
Tune: 6,040, 6,085, 9,545 kHz, 0130-
transmissions
0150 GMT, or 6,185, 9,650, 11,705
Swiss Radio Int., Swiss SW Merry-go-round 2nd and 4th Saturdays during
kHz, 0530 -0550 GMT.
English transmissions
GREAT BRITAIN: British Broad- Voice of Turkey Monday/Thursday/Saturday,
casting Corporation (Box 76, Bush 2235
House, London WC2B 4PH, England). British Broadcasting Corp., World Radio Club Sunday, 0745, 2100
As mentioned earlier, the BBC is a fine Monday, 1115
station with a very wide range of pro- Wednesday, 2315
grams. The best way to keep tabs, on Radio Moscow Saturday, 0810
which programs are on when is to sub- ''unday, 1210
scribe to the monthly London Calling Tuesday, 1610
Friday, 1810
magazine, $10 a year to the above ad-
dress. Like Germany's Deutsche Welle, Radio Kiev (USSR) Wednesday, 2000
Friday, 0030
the BBC is relayed from a number of
points outside the UK. Tune: 5,975,
6,120, 6,175, 9,590, 11,845, 15,260 the world. Also. if you're a fan of sitar 2230 -2300 GMT or at 0200 to 0225
kHz and others at various times be- music, popularized in the West in re- GMT.
tween 0000 -0700 GMT. cent years by Ravi Shankar, this is the JAPAN: Radio Japan (Jinnan 2 -2 -1,
HUNGARY: Radio Budapest (Buda- station to try. Tune: 9,912, 11.620 or Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 100, Japan).
pest, Hungary H- 1800). Another east 15,165 kHz, 2000 to 2230 GMT; or Among the English language programs
European broadcaster whose programs 11,770, 11,815, 15,110 or 15,250 kHz. of this Far East SWBC outlet are "Hel-
are widely heard in North America. 2245 to 0115 GMT. lo America," Sundays, and "Sketch of
Tune: 6,000, 9,585, 9,835, 11,910, ISRAEL: Kol Israel (Overseas Serv- Japan," on Wednesdays. Tune: 9,585,
15,220 kHz, 0100 -0130, 0200 -0230, ice. P.O. Box 1082, Jerusalem. Israel). 15,195 and 17,755 kHz, 0000 to 0015
0300 -0315 GMT. A number of worthwhile programs GMT; add 17,880 kHz, but delete 15,
INDIA: All India Radio (External from this major shortwave broadcaster 195 kHz, 0100 to 0115 GMT; or 15,
Service, P.O. Box 500, New Delhi, include "Mosaic," Tuesdays at 0215 235, 17,725, 17,825 or 21,640 kHz,
India). India has been a leader in the GMT, and, for SWLs, at 2015 and 0130 to 0230 GMT.
Third World movement for a number 2245 GMT, Sundays, a special DX NETHERLANDS: Radio Nederland
of years. AIR n'ewsbroadcasts reflect show hosted by Ben Dalfin. Tune: 11, (P.O. Box 222, 1200 JG, Hilversum,
this non -aligned approach, and present 610, 17,815, 21,710 kHz, 2000 -2030 Netherlands). One of the most popular
good coverage of events in this part of GMT; or 9,815, 11,637, 15,582 kHz. single SW programs on the air for dec-

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 25


communlCATIOnS WORLD hundreds of other stations, check out
White's Radio Log in this issue of
COMMUNICATIONS WORLD.
odes is the Happy Station show, hosted part of Africa. Tune: 5.980, 9.585, There are some other sources for
these days by Tom Meyer. It is aired 9,610 or 11,900 kHz, 0156 to 0250 information on English language broad-
Sundays at 0230 GMT. Radio Neder- GMT. casts and shortwave programming of-
land has several SW relay stations in SWEDEN: Radio Sweden (S105 -10, ferings.
various parts of the world. This partic- Stockholm, Sweden). This nordic sta- A detailed list of times and frequen-
ular program is relayed to North Amer- tion ranks rather high on the lists of cies, computer generated and frequent-
ica by a transmitter on the island of many shortwave listeners when it ly update, is available for $2 from Dan
Bonaire in the Netherlands Antilles. comes to programming. One of its best Ferguson, Box 8452, South Charleston,
just off South America. Tune: 6,165 or is the Saturday Show. on that day of WV 25303.
9,590 kHz. 0230 to 0325 GMT, or the week, naturally, at 1400 and 2300 While mostly a "letters to the editor"
6,165 or 9,175 kHz, 0530 to 0625 GMT. Tune: 11,705 or 15,290 kHz, forum of listeners' opinions, the month-
GMT. 0230 to 0300 GMT; or 21,615 or 21,- ly Review of International Broadcasting
NEW ZEALAND: Radio New Zea- 700 kHz, 1400 to 1430 GMT; or 11,- (c /o University Radio WUOT, Knox-
land (P.O. Box 2092, Wellington, New 705 or 15,380 kHz, 2300 to 2330 ville, TN 37916), does include a brief
Zealand). A few years ago, after a finan- GMT. listing of the better SW programs,
cial crunch threatened the RNZ short- SWITZERLAND: Swiss Radio Inter- titled, "Stuff We Like." A sample copy
wave service, the broadcasting organi- national (CH -3000, Berne 15, Switzer- costs $1.
zation took to relaying on shortwave a land). The Swiss station has a reputa- A new magazine from Finland,
goodly number of its domestic medium tion for quality programming. The though in English, is called Voices. It
wave programs. Frankly, I thought this news is neutral, like the country's long- is aimed almost exclusively at the
money- saving step improved programs, time tradition. The Swiss folkmusic is shortwave program listener and pro-
in that it gave foreign listeners a better among the liveliest and happiest in the vides a monthly preview look at the
view of New Zealand as New Zealand- world. Tune: 6,135, 9,725, 11.715. English programs, in detail, from 18
ers know it. "New Zealand Calling" is 15,130 kHz, 0145 to 0215 GMT; or of the major international broadcasters.
worth tuning. Tune: 15,345 or 17,860 9,725, 11,715 or 15,305 kHz, 0430 to Based on its first issue, it seems to be
kHz, 0000 to 0630 GMT; or 6,105 0500 GMT. a nicely done, attractive magazine.
kHz, 0640 to 1030 GMT. TURKEY: Voice of Turkey (Genel A subscription costs $16 a year for
POLAND: Polish Radio (Al Niepod- Mudurlugu, Mithat Pasa Caddesi 37, 12 issues. The address is Voices, PL-
leglosci 75/77, Warsaw, Poland). For Ankara, Turkey). This broadcaster is 226, SF- 00171, Helsinki 17, Finland.
some unaccountable reason, this sta- trying to improve its programs and it And, of course, there are a number
tion, recently, has been identifying as is succeeding. The station even sent one of shortwave and DXer hobby clubs,
Radio Polonia in its English program- of its staff to a DXers convention in non- commercial voluntary efforts by lis-
ming. So don't be confused, if this North America a couple of years ago teners just like you, most of which
practice is continued. Tune: 6.095, to find out more about what listeners publish monthly (or more frequent)
6,135, 7,270, 9,525, 11,815 kHz, 0200 here want in the way ofprograms. bulletins with plenty of useful informa-
to 0230 and 0300 to 0330 GMT. Tune: 11,885 kHz, 2030 -2100 GMT; tion about the hobby. A list of these
SAUDI ARABIA: Broadcasting Serv- or 15,250 or 15,360 kHz, 2200 to 2300 clubs, affiliated with the "umbrella" or-
ice of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. GMT; or 15,185 or 17,860 kHz, 1200 ganization, the Association of North
(P.O. Box 570, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia). to 1300 GMT. American Radio Clubs, appears else-
This station, which says it has a service USSR: Radio Moscow (Moscow, where in this issue of COMMUNICA-
for North America in English, French USSR). The opportunities to hear TIONS WORLD.
and Arabic, is a good bet to give you Radio Moscow in the English language There are programs on shortwave on
the real flavor of the Mideast. Tune: expanded with that station's establish- every conceivable subject -and a few
11,855 kHz, 1100 to 1300 GMT, or ing of a "World Service." Probably inconceivable ones! -so there ought to
1800 to 2200 GMT. most readers will tune in to the North be something to interest everyone. Tune
SOUTH AFRICA: Radio RSA (P.O. American beam, though. One of the into the world, SWL, and enjoy!
Box 4559, Johannesburg 2000, South more interesting programs is the long - A Look at DX'ing. Somewhat earlier,
Africa). This station puts in some of running Moscow Mailbag. Try Sundays I noted that there are really two facets
the strongest signals from the southern at 0213 GMT. Tune: 9,600, 9,665, to listening to shortwave radio signals.
11,710, 11,750 or 11,770 kHz, 0000 The first, and obvious one is SWLing
to 0100 GMT; or 9.605, 9,700, 11,720 -shortwave LISTENING. SWLs are
or 11,750 kHz, 0100 to 0300 GMT; primarily interested in the programs.
or 12,050, 15,100, 15.240 or 15,420 So what else is there, you may ask? 4
kHz, 0400 to 0500 GMT. There is the challenge of hearing a
There you have some tips on tuning station, not for the sake of its program-
programming, in English, from some ming-for in many cases the signals are
25 different countries on shortwaves. either too weak for easy, enjoyable lis-
For more times and frequencies on tening, or the programs are in a foreign
language -but because it is a difficult
A shortwave portable rarely seen in the to hear "catch."
U.S. is a Russian -made VEF -206, being
tuned here by Richard Dupre, Sorel,
The word "catch" does suggest a
Quebec, Canada. Richard is 15 and has parallel that may help to explain the
been SWLing for a year now, during attraction.
which time he has logged 36 countries. Fishing! One might go fishing to

26 C'nRnnniiNirerinrvc Wnai n 1 QR1


ABBREVIATONS USED BY DXERS
A announcer, approximate FE Far Eastern QRM any interfering station or
abt about FF French, French speaking man -made static
AC alternating current FM frequency modulation QRN atmospheric interference or
addr address f/i fade in noise
AFC automatic frequency control f/o fade out QSB fading
AFRTS American Forces Radio TV freq frequency QSL verification
Service f /up follow -up (second reception QSP reply to
AGC automatic gain control report sent when initial QTH location
AM amplitude modulation report is unanswered) R radio'
ANARC Association of North GC Great Circle rag magazine
American Radio Clubs GCP Great Circle Path rcd, rcvd received
ancr announcer GMT Greenwich Mean Time rcvr receiver
anmt announcement (Universal Time) re concerning
ann announcement goy government Re report
ant antenna GSTQ God Save the Queen (British Red. Rediffusion
approx approximate national anthem) Rel. religious
AP A Portuguesa (Portuguese gud good RF radio frequency
national anthem) har harmonic Rp return postage
AVC automatic volume control het heterodyne rpt report
BBC British Broadcasting Corp. hi expression of humor or RRI Radio Republik Indonesia
BC, Bc broadcasting laughter RTTY radioteletype
BCB broadcast band (540 -1600 hg, HQ headquarters RVOG Radio Voice of the Gospel
kHz medium waves) hrd heard RX, rx receiver
BCC Broadcasting Corporation ID identification S unit of signal strength
of China IDed identified SASE self addressed envelope with
bcstr broadcaster IF intermediate frequency stamp affixed used for
BFO beat frequency oscillator info information replies
Br British IRC International Reply Coupon sched schedule(d)
CAm Central America(n) irreg irregular scope oscilloscope
IS interval signal sez says
CARACOL Cadena Radial Colombiana
(radio network) ITU International shud should
CIBC Canadian Broadcasting Corp. Telecommunications Union sig signal
chief engineer JJ Japanese, Japanese- speaking SINPO signal reporting code
CE
cfm confirm (verify, QSL) kc, kc /s kilocycles per second (same sked schedule
ck check as kHz) s/on sign on
cl close (sign off) kHz kilohertz s/off sign off
kw kilowatt Sp Spanish language
c/I call letters
clandestine language SS Spanish, Spanish- speaking
cland L
comcl commercial LA Latin America(n) stn station
condx conditions Igd logged Superhet superheterodyne receiver
CP Caixa Postal (post office box LV La Voz de (common Spanish Svc service
in Portugues) station identification, The SW, sw shortwave
cps cycles per second Voice of ...) SWBC shortwave broadcast
shortwave listener
SWL
general call requesting Ivl level shortwave listening
CQ SWLing
contacts, used by hams LW
long wave, long wire antenna TC, t/ck time check
c/s cycles per second mb meter band t/i tune in
MC, MC /s megacycles per second (same
ctry country t/o tune out
continuous wave (Morse code) as MHz) thanks
cw, CW tnx
cx conditions ME Middle East(ern) tx transmitter
dB decibel (unit of sound MHz megahertz UDX utility (station) DX
measurement) mni many unid unidentified
direct current MW medium wave unknown
DC unk
de from MWBC medium wave broadcast urs yours
DF direction finding mx music V varies as to time or frequency
DSB double sideband NA North America(n) v/c verification card
DU Down Under (Australia, NAf North Africa(n) verie verification
New Zealand) Nac. nacional (Spanish for v/I verification letter
DX long distance reception national) vert vertical antenna
DXer one who listens for distant net network VFO variable frequency oscillator
stations nil nothing v/s person signing verification
Ea east nr near vy very
EE English, English language nx news WCNA West Coast North America
EN English language OM Old Man (a male) wk week, work, weak
Eng. engineer pgm program wrp weather report
equip equipment POD path of darkness wx weather
es and pop popular (music) xmsn transmission
exc except, excellent PP Portuguese, Portuguese - xmtr transmitter
exp experimental speaking xtal crystal
FB fine prop propagation YL girl or unmarried woman
FBIS Foreign Broadcast pse please z Zulu (or GMT) time
Information Service PTP point -to -point (type of utility 73 best regards, or more
official US monitoring transmission) generally, goodbye
agency) QRA address 88 love and kisses

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 27


when the time is right to bring in low
GOmmunICATIOnS WORLD powered, distant, hard -to -get stations,
is what adds the element of suspense
catch enough for a delicious meal for meter band, a good place to hunt the to the challenge of DXing.
the family. Or the fisherman might be harder -to -hear DX signals during your But we can come up with some broad
after a fish he has no intention of eat- hours of darkness, plus late afternoons predictive approaches that can help.
ing; a trophy he can mount and proud- and early mornings. For instance, in the eastern and central
ly display on his den wall. Regularly patrol frequencies from parts of North America, your best op-
DXing is like going after the trophy around 4,750 to 5,060 kHz. Spend portunities to hear the many domestic
fish, not for a practical reason, but for many hours doing this. Learn which Indonesian shortwave stations may
the thrill and enjoyment of succeeding stations are normally heard. Identify come in early fall and early spring.
in "landing" a hard to hear SW station. as many of them as you can. Can you. Even though we generally think of
Just as both motivations are at work, at any particular time, cruise (that's the winter as being prime months for DX-
at various times and under various sit- word professional government SW ing on shortwave -and midwinter may
uations, in the fisherman, most listeners monitors use) the band and, with a well be for stations in India and Pakis-
combine a bit of the SWL and the fairly high degree of certainty, know tan- excellent reception from Africa
DXer in their listening activities. the identity of all the stronger signals? and South America may be noted dur-
So far I've concentrated mostly on The secret in finding DX stations not ing the summer in much of the U.S.
matters of interest to the program lis- previously logged by you is to be able, and Canada.
tening SWL. Let's look now at some of quickly, to sort them out from the "reg- Those are just some broad clues. You
the additional aspects that are involved ulars" on the band. should develop your own records, from
in hunting the harder to hear SW sta- When you know the rgular inhabi- year to year, keeping track of patterns
tions. tants of a band, you'll quickly spot the of good reception from areas of the
Probably the first thing to point out unusual one on those occasions when world that interest you in your quest
to the listener who thinks it might be propagational factors for that station's for DX signals.
fun to look for the tougher -to-log sta- reception are just right. Concentrate then on certain hard -to-
tions on shortwave is. after all, obvious. It is, in fact, a matter of being at the hear stations that you'd like to log.
DX stations are harder to hear be- right place when SW conditions are Compile a list of about 10 stations
cause, as a result of conditions of re- right, and being alert enough to spot you'd like to hear. Minimum informa-
ception, they are not there every day. the "odd" stations among the normally tion would include the frequency and
Thus. DXing takes persistence and ef- heard ones. time when others in your area are hear-
fort. What a DX SW listener comes up After you have become very familiar ing it. (For this reason, it is especially
with when band conditions are right with 60 meters, then gain familiarity helpful to join a DX club to share
depends, to a considerable extent, on with the other bands in the same way. "tips" with other listeners.) Add any
his preparation and background infor- I've talked about being on- the-spot additional information you can come
mation, the know-how stored away when reception conditions are -just right across about the schedule, the station's
which can be applied to the given lis- for a certain station, or a certain part sign -on, sign -off times. Does it play an
tening situation. of the world. We aren't able, to any identifying interval signal tune before
Keeping Track. Begin by storing up high degree of accuracy, to predict sign on? Languages used? Is there an
info about the shortwave bands them- just when normally difficult to hear sta- especially favorable time "window,"
selves. Most of the rarer DX stations tions in, say, India or East Africa or when normally interfering stations on
will be found on the lower frequency southern South America or Indonesia, the same frequency are off the air?
"Tropical" bands, below 6,000 kHz. will be favorable. Don't let your imagination run away
I suggest you begin with the 60 That uncertainty, never knowing just with you. of course, but if you know
what sort of programming to expect,
you're better prepared to spot the DX
stations when favorable reception con-
ditions make it audible.
Foreign Languages. When you tune
for the more difficult stations, you will
be looking for many which broadcast
little or no English language program-
ming.
That notion scares off some listeners,
but it need not concern you overly.
Minimally, you should be able to at
least distinguish, by sound, the major
languages of the world, Spanish, Portu-
guese, French, German and Arabic.
You should be able to recognize tonal
Asian languages, such as Chinese.
Foreign languages should not sound
alike to you. And if you begin to lis-
ten carefully, you'll soon discover that

This is the home of the British Broad-


casting Corporation, better known as
Broadcasting House in London, England.

28 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


have their own approaches which still
WHERE TO DX FOR WHAT permit SWLs to verify their operations,
but make things easier and less costly
There are three very broad categories of stations. There are the broadcast stations, which air
progams of infomation, entertainment and music to general audiences. Then there are the for themselves.
radio amateurs, hobbyists who operate in two -way communication on the shortwave and higher Some shortwave listeners have turned
frequencies. Everything else falls into a grab bag called utility communications, which cover their backs on the practice of seeking
l the whole range of services from longwave ship -to-shore to aeronautical VHF signals, point - stations' QSLs. It costs a good bit of
to -point transatlantic phone calls to radioteleprinters. to name but a few types.
money to mail out airmail reports to
kHz Type of DX kHz Type of DX overseas stations, they note. And it
Below 540 Utility, broadcast 10000 -11700 Utility takes time to write the letter reports,
540-1605 Broadcast 11700-11975 Broadcast time they'd rather spend listening. Who
1605 -1800 Utility 11975 -14000 Utility needs a bit of paper from the station,
1800-2065 Amateur, utility 14000-14350 Amateur they say.
2065 -2300 Utility 14350 -15100 Utility They do have a point. I can appre-
2300-2500 Broadcast, utility 15100 -15450 Broadcast ciate their feelings, but being from the
2500-3200 Utility 15450 -17700 Utility "old school" of DXing, I still get a con-
3200 -3400 Broadcast, utility 17700 -17900 Broadcast siderable thrill when I find a QSL reply
3400-3500 Utility 17900.21000 Utility from a station in my mailbox, nearly
3500-3900 Amateur, utility 21000-21450 Amateur as big a "charge" as when I first heard
3900-4000 Amateur, Broadcast, utility 21450 -21750 Broadcast that station on the air.
4000 -4750 Utility 21750 -25600 Utility The question of whether you want to
4750 -5060 Broadcast 25600 -26100 Broadcast
seek QSL replies from the stations you
5060-5950 Utility 26100 -26960 Utility hear is purely a personal one, to be
5950-6200 Broadcast 26960 -27230 CB
decided by each listener for himself.
6200 -7000 Utility 27230 -28000 Utility
The greatest difficulty for the listen-
7000 -7100 Amateur 28000 -29700 Amateur
er who enjoys receiving QSL verifica-
7100 -7300 Amateur, broadcast 29700-30000 Utility
tions from the stations he hears and
7300 -9500 Utility Above 30000 Utility, amateur,
reports is learning to be patient. Even
9500 -9775 Broadcast broadcast (TV, FM)
9775-10000
with airmailed reports, it may take one
Broadcast, utility
month, two, three or more to get a
reply. With some of the DX stations
there is a world of difference in the QSL? It is another one of those old it may take several, even many tries,
"sound" of Spanish and Russian, or terms, dating back to the early days of to get a reply.
Japanese and French. It shouldn't-and radio, borrowed from the "hams." The harder -to -hear stations, those in-
won't-be all "Greek" to you. A QSL is a confirmation or verifica- volved in broadcasting to home audi-
Of course there's a big difference in tion of a reception. Simply put, you ences rather than foreign listeners-that
recognizing the languages you hear hear station A. You write a letter to is, us -are less likely to answer a re-
spoken on SW radio, and translating the station informing the staff that you quest for a QSL promptly -or at all.
those programs. In fact, it's unlikely heard them on such and such a fre- Some of these DX stations, perhaps,
that you will ever become linguist quency, at a certain time on a certain don't even know why a foreign listener
enough to become fluent in many of date. You provide some details of what wants to receive their reply by mail;
the languages you hear. Perhaps you you heard, so as to establish your re- they don't under stand what our hobby
will be proficient in none but your na- ception. In return, the station will send is all about.
tive tongue. you a reply, an attractively designed So collecting QSLs is, in itself, some-
Still, to at least be able to identify QSL card, or letter, confirming your thing of a challenging pastime, even
the stations to which you're listening, reception. You collect and, perhaps, after you've managed the challenge of
you may never need to know more display the QSLs you receive from as tuning a "tough" SW catch.
than a sprinkling of words in each many stations and countries you can It should be remembered that no
language. hear. station "owes" a QSL or verification
If you wish to learn a language well, But it isn't quite that simple in prac- reply to a listener. Stations generally
you will probably have to invest time tice. do so out of courtesy -and so, they
and effort and money, perhaps, in for- Most of the major shortwave broad- should be treated with the same sort
malized schooling. But if that is a route casting stations of the world will reply of courtesy. Politeness, when writing
you decide to take, the programs you by letter or card to listeners' letters. your reception report, is a must. Ask,
hear on the shortwaves will give you But in recent years, many stations have but never demand that your letter be
excellent practice with your language been deluged with requests for QSLs replied to with a QSL.
studies. Some stations even broadcast from the tens of thousands of new Your reception report should include
language lessons to help you learn their SWLs around the world, but particu- some ,basic elements: the frequency
language. larly in Japan. you tuned,'time, date, program details
Most veteran, serious DXers, how- So some stations have limited their heard, conditions of reception, plus any
ever, manage to pick up just enough of QSLing efforts of necessity. Radio Can- personal comments you might care to
the various major languages to help ada International, for instance, sends make.
them identify the stations they are lis- out a blank card with its schedule, once State the frequency on which you
tening to. a year. Listeners fill in the attractive hear the station. Some stations use a
How to Get QSL's. Both shortwave card and send it back to RCI. Correct number of different frequencies simul-
listening and DXing enthusiasts seem reporting cards are stamped and vali- taneously, so it is necessary to indicate
to enjoy QSLs, though perhaps DXers dated as accurate, and are returned as in your report which one you heard.
are more into this aspect of the hobby. a QSL to the listener. Other stations If your receiver has accurate fre-

C OnuviUNICATIONS W ORLD 1981 29


,:.
communicnions WORLD ':::
' d;;:,'
tional GMT (Greenwich Mean Time)
system, also called "Z" or "Zulu" time
by the military, is the Greenwich or "0
degree" meridian of longitude, running
WHEN TO TUNE FOR FOREIGN BCB DX through Great Britain. Time references
elsewhere in the world are either plus
Station Location Eastern North Ameirca Western North America or minus a certain number of hours
Central America year around, winter best year around, winter best from GMT.
Caribbean area year around, winter best year around, winter best
Eastern Daylight Time, summers in
South America
North America, for instance, is GMT
minus 4 hours. Or to ,look at it another
(Northern) year around, winter best year around, winter best
(Southern) spring, summer, fall summer
way, if your local time is EDT, just
Australia /New Zealand
add 4 hours to get the GMT equivalent.
spring, fall spring
To convert Eastern Standard Time (or
Asia fall fall, winter
Central Daylight Time) to GMT, add
Europe fall, winter winter five hours. To get the GMT equivalent,
Africa (Northern) fall, winter winter add six hours to CST or MDT; seven
(Southern) spring unlikely hours to MST or PDT; or eight hours
to PST.
Again, our chart should provide
quency readout, you'll know the fre- hard to understand, but it takes a bit some additional help in converting to
quency, of course. With English lan- of use to become readily familiar with GMT from your local time. But here
guage programming, more than likely its approach. The system does away are some examples:
the announcer will indicate the fre- with a.m. and p.m. designations, noting You live in Miami and your time,
quency or frequencies being used at morning hours, from midnight to noon, on Jan. 1, is 5 p.m. EST locally. The
the time you're listening. If you have as 0000 to 1200 hours, and afternoon - GMT equivalent is 5 p.m. plus five
a receiver without accurate readout, night hours, noon to midnight, as 1300 hours, or 10 p.m., which is expresse
simply do the best job you can in esti- to 2400 hours (the latter, 2400, being in the 24 -hour system as 2200 GMT.
mating the correct frequency if it is exactly equivalent to 0000 hours, the You live in St. Louis and your
not announced. start of the next 24 -hour day). time, on June 30, is 11:30 a.m. Central
24-Hour Clock System. Indicate the Here are some examples: Daylight Time on your home clock.
time period of your reception. The One minute past midnight = 0001; That's equivalent to 11:30 plus five
Number 1 rule here is to always use a minute before one a.m. = 0059. hours, or 4:30 p.m., which is 1630
the 24 -hour clock system. Use Green- Nine a.m. would be 0900. The pre- GMT using the 24 -hour clock system.
wich Mean Time. (GMT) references, fix "0" is added to make the standard In Denver it is three minutes past
the universal time standard of SW lis- four -digit time reference. midnight, August 30. Daylight savings
teners and broadcasters alike. A minute before noon is 1.159. -
time MDT-is, of course, in effect.
You may, if you wish, also indicate 1:15 p.m. is 1315; 4:20 in the after- What is the GMT equivalent? 12:03
reception times in terms of the station's noon is 1620. a.m. plus six hours or 6:03 a.m., stated
own local time. The COMMUNICATIONS 9:47 p.m. would be stated in the as 0603 GMT.
WORLD time chart should help you to 24 -hour system as 2147; a minute be- In San Diego, California, on Pa-
compute it. fore midnight is 2359. cific Standard Time during the winter
The 24 -hour clock system is not The reference point for the interna- months, the local clock time is 6:45
p.m. To that we must add eight hours
to get the GMT equivalent-2:45 a.m.
the next morning GMT, or 0245 GMT.
In cases such as this, during the
North Ametican evening hours, it is
already the next day at the Greenwich
Meridian. Thus it is important to re-
member-as with the various broadcast-
ing schedules of, the stations which I
listed earlier -that when there is a refer-
ence to, say, a Tuesday program at
0300 GMT, it is actually a Monday
night in North America.
Yes, it all sounds confusing at first.
But spend a little time practicing con-
verting time to and from GMT. You'll
soon grasp it firmly. The beauty of the
whole system is that it simplifies time
references for users around the world.
For after all 10 p.m. in Montreal; 5
p.m. the late afternoon of the same day
in Honolulu; 6 a.m. the next day in
Gordon Pilling, Hounslow, England, is a ground technician at London's Heathrow
Moscow and 3 o'clock THAT afternoon
Airport, and an avid shortwave listener and traveler. in New Zealand can all be converted

30 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


a WORLD TIME BY COUNTRIES
To compute the time anywhere in the world, add (+) or subtract -I the number of
( hours indicated to or from
GMT. Figures in parentheses indicate daylight savings time during the particular country's.summer months.

Afghanistan +41/2 Costa Rica -6 Lebanon Somali Rep. +3


Alaska Cuba -5 Liberia South Africa +2
Juneau -8 Cyprus +2 Libya Spain +1
Anchorage -10 Czechoslovakia +1 Luxembourg Sri Lanka
Aleutians -11 Dahomey (Benin) +1 Malagasy Rep. Sudan +2
Albania Denmark +1 Malawi Surinam -31/4
Algeria
Ecuador -5 Malaysia Sweden +1
Argentina
Egypt +2(+3) Maldive Is. Switzerland +1
+2( +3)
Ascension Is.
Australia
El Salvador -6 Mali Syria
Tahiti -10
Ethiopia +3 Mauritania
Eastern +3
-4(-3) Mauritius +4 Tanzania
Central Falkland Is. Martinique -4 Thailand +7
Western
Austria
Fiji Is.
Finland
+12
+2
Mexico -6 Togo
Monaco +1 Tunisia +1
Azores France +1 Mongolia +8 Turkey +2
Bahamas -5 Gabon +1 Morocco 0 Uganda +3
Bahrain +4 Gambia 0 Mozambique +2 Upper Volta 0
Begium +1 Germany +1 Nepal +5.40 Uruguay -3
Bermuda -4 Ghana 0
Neth. Antilles -4
Bolivia -4 Gilbert Is.
Great Britain
+12 New Caledonia USA
Botswana +2 +1 New Guinea Eastern -51-41
Brazil Greece +2 New Hebrides Central -6( -5)
Eastern -3(-2) Guam +10 Mountain -71 -6)
Central -41-3) Guatemala -6 New Zealand
Nicaragua Pacific -8(--7)
Western -5(-4) Haiti -5 Niger
Brunei +8 Hawaii -10 Nigeria USSR
Bulgaria +2 Holland +1 Norway Moscow +3
Burma +61/2 Honduras -5( -6) Pakistan +5
Baku +4
Burundi +2 Hong Kong +8( +9) P9nama -5 Sverdlovsk +5
Cambodia +7
Hungary +1 Paraguay -4 Tashkent +6
Iceland -1(0) -5 Novosibirsk +7
Cameroun +1 Peru
Irkutsk +8
Canada India +51/2 Philipipnes +8 Yakutsk +9
Atlantic -4(-3) Indonesia Poland +1 Khabarovsk +10
Eastern -5(-4) West +7 Portugal +1 Magadan +11
' Central -6(-5) Central +8 Qatar +4 Petropavolvsk +12
Mountain -7(-6) East +9 Andyr +13
Pacific -8(-7) Iran +31/2 Reunion Is. +4
Yukon -9(-8) Iraq +3 Rhodesia +2 Vatican +1
Canary Is. p Israel +2 Rumania +2 Venezuela -4
Cape Verde Is. -2 Italy Rwanda +2 Vietnam +7
Ivory Coast Ryukyu Is. +9
Cent. Afr. Rep.
Chad
+1
+1 Sabah (Malaysia)
Windward Is. -4
Japan
Chile -4 Jordan Sarawak (Malaysia) Yemen +3
China Senegal Yugoslavia +1
West +6 Kenya +3 Seychelles Zaire
East +8 Korea +9 Sierra Leone West +1
Colombia -5 Kuwait +3 Singapore East +2
Cook Is. -101/2 Laos +7 Solomon Is. Zambia +2

to a standard reference time: 0300 "You are listening to the North Ameri- and sketchy that they could apply to
GMT. can service of Radio XYZ." any number of stations. Surely they
When local time references and a.m./ 0301-0303 GMT- Program preview. don't prove to the station that you were
p.m. go out the window, everything Mention by announcer of a Listeners' tuned in to their programs.
gets a bit simpler in international com- Letterbox program in one half hour's Report enough programming details
munications. time. which you hear to establish your recep-
If a station is to actually confirm, by 0303 -0310 GMT -Woman reading tion. Only then does your reception re-
QSL, that you heard its programs, it is newscast. News items' included reports port justify a QSL!
essential that you include in your re- on UN debate, fighting in Afghanistan, Signal Quality. Along with program
ception report enough details of what Bolivian election, etc. details, you should report to the station
you logged to establish that fact. 0310 -0325 GMT- Program of folk - just how well it was received.
Include with your report a summary, music, with guitar and accordion, and Okay, with the big international sta-
but a detailed summary, of the broad- a woman's chorus singing. No an- tions, those which get many thousands
cast items you noted. Your reported nouncements during the program. of reports from listeners each year, they
reception period should be at least 15 Now here's another way -the wrong already have a good idea how their
minutes long, though a half hour or way -an SWL could have reported the signals are getting through in North
more is much better. It also shows that same loggings: America. Some stations also have their
you had enough interest in the station's 0309 GMT- Identification. own professional monitors overseas to
programs to stick around for a while. 0301 GMT -Talking by man, then by report back reception quality.
Here are a couple of examples of re- woman. Still, sometimes your reception notes
porting logging details: 0310 GMT-Music. might be helpful, particularly if you've
0300-0301 GMT- Station identification: Obviously, those details are so vague noted some transient problem with their

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 31


letter report to a station? Some infor-
GOmmunICATIOnS WORLD mation about your receiver, so the sta-
tion staff can evaluate the quality of.
transmitting operation, or some special ating propagation factors. Fading can reception. Stations always like to know
interference in your locality from an- be rapid, fluttery, which is often an in- something about their listeners. Tell
other SW station. dication the radio signal is reaching
you via transit through a polar region.
them about yourself, and your program
likes and dislikes. They want to know
l
With the stations which receive fewer
reception reports, your signal report Fading may be slow and cyclical. A what you think of their programming.
may be of real help in knowing how signal may be strong at the outset of Finally, as you end your reception
their programs are being received. On your listening, but gradually fade out report to the station you've heard,
occasion, even stations whose programs entirely. Or it may be weak when you politely ask that your report be verified
are intended for their domestic listeners tune in, but increase in strength to a with a QSL card or letter.
are interested in knowing that their sig- good level, easily readable. If the program you heard was in
nal is making it halfway around the Finally, considering all these - English, obviously your reception re-
world. strength, atmospheric noise, man -made port can be written in English. Gener-
What sorts of technical aspects should 'interference and propagational factors ally, most of the major international
you include? like fading, give an estimate of the broadcasters have staff members that
Certainly stations care how strong overall signal quality -poor, fair, good? know English.
their signal is where you're listening: SINPO. A special reporting code This probably isn't true of most of
strong, moderately strong, fair, weak covering these aspects has been devised. the stations not specifically beaming
or very weak. It is called SINPO, which stands for programs in English to overseas audien-
How about interference? Even with the five factors just mentioned - ces. Most of the lower powered Span-
a strong signal, the station is losing its Strength - Interference - Noise - Propa- ish and Portuguese speaking stations of
battle to get listeners if there is enough tion- Overall. Interference means man- Latin America, and a goodly number
interference to prevent intelligibility. made QRM; noise signifies QRN static. of those in portions of Africa where
What type of interference is it? Atmos- Each element is rated on a scale from French is a major language, should be
pheric (static), called QRN by hobby 1 to 5. A perfectly received station written to in those languages.
listeners? Man -made, called QRM? would be rated SINPO 55555. You may be able to find someone
QRM might be from other stations on A signal with only fair strength, but who can translate your letters for you.
the same or adjoining frequencies. It with only slight noise and interference This may not be too difficult in a col-
might be from passing-auto ignition and moderate fading, for example, lege town. Perhaps even a high school
noise, a "leaky" powerline, your neigh- could be rated as SINPO 34433. SINPO is student with a couple of years of for-
bor's electric razor, etc. a handy way to give a concise report of eign language can help out.
Fading is another technical factor in signal quality in your report. However, Some hobby clubs have form reports,
reception. Did the strength of the signal generally speaking, only the large, ma- with instructions on using, in several
vary up and down, was the signal easy jor international broadcasters .are fa- languages. With virtually no ability in
to hear one minute, but much weaker miliar with the code. French, Spanish or Portuguesse, using
the next? Fading is caused by fluctu- What extras can you include in your these reports, you may be able to come
up with a decent and understandable
report for those stations.
Finally, mail your report to the sta-
tion. The best method, for reasons of
time, is via airmail-31 .cents per half
ounce to most of the world, 25 cents
per half ounce to Central America, the
West Indies and the northern part of
South America.
Some stations require return postage,
especially if you want a speedy airmail
reply. One way to provide return post-
age (nautrally mint U.S. stamps can't
be used to mail a letter from a foreign
country), is by International Reply
Coupon, available for 42 cents each at
your U.S. post office. One is exchange-
able at foreign post offices for sufficient
stamps of that particular country to
mail a letter by means of ordinary
seamail. Several IRCs axe needed to
pay the postage on an airmail reply.
Some stations insist on return post-
age, many of the larger, government
operated stations do not. It is a nice
Robert Neal, Courtright, Ontario, Canada, says he is a newcomer to the gesture, though, and may improve your
SWLing scene, but his Philco console has been around for a good many years and chances of getting a reply.
"still works well." Of course, he tends to rely more heavily on his SONY Where should you send your report?
ICF6800W. The amateur bands are of special interest to him, particularly the
Hurricane Net (see text). I included addresses of some of the

32 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


stations mentioned earlier in this CW. Radio
For other addresses and a wealth of
general information about stations Canada
worldwide, I recommend the annual
World Radio TV Handbook, the so- International
called bible of SWLs. Another useful
book is the QSL Address Book, by
Gerry L. Dexter, which contains ad-
dresses, but much less general station
information, and costs about one -third
the price of the WRTH volume.
Both books are handled by Gilfer
Associates Inc. (P.O. Box 239, Park
Ridge, NJ 07656). You may write for
a price list of these and other SWL MARACAIBO VCNE< III! i

items.
Other Types of DX'ing. While I've
focused on shortwave listening so far, Here are three typical
there are other aspects of the listening examples of the attrac-
tive QSLs sent out by
hobby that intrigue many. shortwave broadcast
One popular facet is what DXers call stations. Radio Can-
Broadcast Band DXing, or BCB. The ada International, Ra-
i.E90TH0NA'fIONAL 8120AUCASPINt:
broadcast band, in this case, means dio Mara, Venezuela
THE VOICE OF LESOTHO

your good of AM band, ordinary me- and Voice of Lesotho.


dium wave radio -540 to 1600 kHz.
Maybe you've never given much Radio Berlin International in East Ger- 1020 -1040, 1100, 1120, 1160, 1180 and
thought to this everyday band as a many, than WBRL, Berlin, New Hamp- 1210 kHz.
place for your DX listening. But there shire, on the same 1400 kHz frequency. Stations on these frequencies, only a
are great challenges in hearing far -off Not all of the channels in the medium few (sometimes just a single outlet) sta-
signals. wave band are the same. There are tions on each, are high powered opera-
But distance isn't everything. It's a three broad categories of stations as- tions. They are designed to cover large
good bet that, for most North American signed to these frequencies. areas of the country with minimal in-
listeners, it is considerably easier to First there are the clear channel sta- terference.
hear Moscow on shortwave than it tions, operating on just 24 of the fre- The second category of stations are
would be to tune in Moscow, Idaho, quencies in the U.S.- 640 -670, 700,' the regionals. Stations on these frequen-
KRPL. on 1400 kHz; or shortwave's 720, 750, 760, 780, 820-840. 870 -890, cies -550 -630, 790, 910 -930, 950 -980,

LANGUAGES OF THE WORLD


These are the major languages heard on shortwave and the countries in which they are the primary or a major language.

Arabic Jamaica Martinique Guinea, Equatorial


Algeria New Zealand Mauritania Honduras
Bahrain Nigeria New Caledonia Mexico
Egypt Philippines Reunion Is. Nicaragua
Iraq Seychelles Rwanda Panama
Jordan Singapore Senegal Paraguay
Kuwait United States Tahiti Paru
Lebanon Windward Islands Upper Volta Philippines
Libya Zaire Spain
French
Morocco Chile
Afars and Isas Venezuela
Qatar Algeria Portuguese
Saudi Arabia Angola Uruguay
Belgium
Southern Yemen Azores
Burundi German
Sudan Cape Verde Is.
Cambodia Germany, East
Syria Cameroun Brazil Germany, West
United Arab Emirates Guinea (Bissau)
Cent. Af. Rep. Austria
Zanzibar Portugal
Chad Switzerland
Sao Tome
Comoro Is.
English Congo Spanish Chinese
Australia Dahomey (Benin) Argentina China
Barbados France Bolivia Hong Kong
Bermuda Gabon Canary Is. Singapore
Canada Guadeloupe Colombia Taiwan
Fiji Guiana, Fr. Costa Rica Swahili
Ghana Haiti Cuba Burundi
Gt. Britain Ivory Coast Dominican Rep. Kenya
Guyana Laos Ecuador Rwanda
Hong Kong Malagasy Rep. El Salvador Somali Rep.
India Mali Guatemala Tanzania

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 .3


local channels, with who knows which
GOmmunICATIOnS WORLD of the many stations dominant at any
particular time.
The mass of mutual interference has
FOREIGN DX CLUBS given these few frequencies the nick-
name, "the graveyard" of DXing. Ex-
Just as there are in North America, there are hobby listening clubs
around the world. Here are the addresses of a selected list of foreign perienced BCBers, however, find the
"graveyarders" the most fun and chal-
DXing clubs which publish bulletins, at least part of or all in English.
lenging to log.
Write to these addresses for further information on membership fees,
As a beginner in tuning the medium
etc. Normally an international reply coupon or two is expected for a
waves, start out with the larger, easier-
reply.
to -hear clear channel stations. See how
AUSTRALIA -Australian Radio DX Club, P.O. Box 227, Box Hill, Victoria
many stations in how many states you
3128
can log. Then turn your attention to the
Southern Cross DX Club, Box 336, GPO, Adelaide, South Australia
somewhat harder-to -hear regional out-
5001
lets. For real challenges, try to hear
NETHERLANDS -Benelux DX Club, P.O. Box 1306, Nijmegen 6800
local broadcasters a thousand miles
DENMARK -Danish SW Clubs International, Greve Strandvej 144, DK-
away, or so.
2670, Greve, Strand
With more than 5,000 stations in
FINLAND-The Friendly DX Club, P.O. Box 214, 00101 Helsinki 10
North America operating on the broad-
GERMANY-Worldwide DX Club, P.O. Box 1263, D -6380 Bad Homburg
INDIA-Indian DX Club International, 26/1B, Northern Avenue, Calcutta cast medium wave band, you've got
700 030
plenty of targets for your tuning.
JAPAN -Japan Shortwave Club, P.O. Box 1665, CPO, Tokyo
Foreign DXing on the medium
waves? Sure! First of all there are our
NEW ZEALAND -New Zealand DX Radio Association, 40 Craigleith St.,
N.E. Valley, Dunedin
neighbors to the south -presuming that
New Zealand Radio DX League, P.O. Box 1313, Invercargill U.S. listeners already realize that there
are Canadian stations to be heard, and
SOUTH AFRICA -South African DX Club, P.O. Box 145, Milnerton 7405,
Cape Province Canadian listeners are familiar with
SRI LANKA -Union of Asian DXers, 32/4a Malwatte Road, Dehiwala,
Yankee outlets.
(Ceylon) Mexico and Cuba are rather easy
UNITED KINGDOM -World DX Club, 17 Motspur Drive, Northampton
targets for North American BCB lis-
NN2 6LY teners, though programming is gener-
ally in Spanish -with some notable ex-
1150, 1250, 1330, 1350 -1390, 1410- ceptions -some Mexican border stations
1440, 1460 -1480, 1590 and 1600 kHz that sound very much like U.S. opera-
-serve statewide or regional audiences. tions, and English programming from
They run less powerful transmitters, use Cuba, including a relay of Radio Mos-
antenna systems that "protect" other cow programs to North America.
stations with which they share the chan- You will also hear some other Span-
nels. By judicious siting of these sta- ish speaking stations from Central
tions, and the "protection" mentioned, America, and northern South America,
as many as 50 different regional sta- Venezuela and Colombia especially.
tions can share each of the frequencies. Tougher, but possible to hear with
The third category of stations is the listening experience and good equip-
local variety. These are small, local ment, are deeper South American sta-
service stations, They have rather severe tions on medium wave.
limitations to avoid mutual interfer- In the eastern half of the U.S. trans-
ence. And they require those protective atlantic AM medium wave reception is
measures, since hundreds of stations not that uncommon. European stations
share each of the only six local chan- in the United Kingdom, France, Ger-
nels -1230, 1240, 1340, 1400, 1450 and many, Spain and Portugal among the
1490 kHz. most likely, plus a few African outlets.
If your hometown local station -like On the western coast and inland, at
Idaho's KRPL and New Hampshire's least to the Rockies, it is often possible
WBRL- happens to be on the 1400 to hear rather strong Asian signals on
kHz local channel, you probably will the BCB, including stations in Soviet
not experience interference from its Asia, Japan, China and Korea. Ha-
many channel sharers. You're only a waiian stations are also heard, plus,
few miles or a few dozen miles from with greater difficulty, Australian and
the transmitter. The local signal is New Zealanders.
strong and, during the daytime at least, One major reason transpacific and
dominates its frequency. transatlantic reception is possible in
But if you are beyond local range of North America is the fact that they use
a station on one of these six channels, different frequencies than do our sta-
you'll find a great mixing of signals of tions.
Broadcasting Building houses thhe studios various strengths, especially at night Innermost (of the rest of the world),
and administration of Radio Beijing when distant BCB reception occurs. stations are separated by 9 kilohertz.
(Peking), China. Generally, there is a bedlam on the six At the moment, western hemisphere

34 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


Here's how to turn your
hobby into a rewarding
career.
If you spend your
spare time tinkering
with electronics, you
must enjoy it. And,
you've probably learned
quite a bit. Now there's a sweep oscilloscope and a solid -
way to change a part-time state color bar generator) is part
interest into a full -time career. of the course and yours to keep.
Patterns shown
You can do it in your spare time, on screens This combination of "head and
too, at home without giving up your are simulated. hands" learning locks in your
present job and its income. understanding of the crucial principles
Find out now about CIE -Cleveland Institute of you'll use on the job in your new career. But, don't kid
Electronics independent home-study courses in elec- yourself . .

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COMMJNICATIONS WORLD 1981


37
some basic aspects of the fascinating
communicarions WORLD hobby of DXing!
There are so many "angles" to our
stations are on a 10 kHz separation; quencies, for that too can be a chal- hobby that it is, literally, impossible to
540, 550, 560, etc., up to 1600 kHz. lenge, though perhaps even less pre- cover everything in .just one magazine
Elsewhere, frequencies such as 549, dictable than SW or BCB listening. (which, of course, is why I recommend
558, 567, 576 ... 1557, 1566, 1575, Via various propagational phenom-
ena, spradic reflection of these higher
you collect and save your COMMUNICA-
TION WORLD annuals for future refer-
1584, 1593 and 1602 kHz, are the
norm. It's clear, then, that in North frequency (VHF) signals from the ion- ence).
America, many foreign broadcasting ospheric "E" layer, weather -related Let's look now at your specific inter-
operations fall between the "cracks" of tropospheric bending and several other ests as we narrow our focus on your
our 10- kHz-spacing, and with a good rarer aspects, it is possible to view TV comments and questions about the DX
receiver, with excellent selectivity, and .signals, hear FM broadcasters from hobby.
enough listening skill, it is possible to several hundred to well over a thousand First a question -and a rather broad
hear these signals. miles away. one at that -from a CW reader, C. W.
BCBers are seriously worried about The greatest distance is generally Murphy of Baltimore, MD.
a pending proposal that would shift noted on the lower TV channels, 2 "I'm a newcomer to shortwave lis-
North American stations to a 9 -kHz through 6, though only rarely over tening," writes C.W. "but I've read that
spacing too. This would cause much of about 1,500 miles or so. Shorter haul SW is old fashioned, is dying out, and
this "split frequency" foreign BCB DX reception, though, is likely on channels will be replaced before long by satellite
to be lost from the effect of powerful 7 through 13, and on the UHF chan- communications. True ?"
domestic signals. nels. The same conditions that bring in Well, C.W., we've been hearing that
For those interested in learning more distant television signals also will pro- "story" for well over a decade, yet the
about medium wave BCB listening, vide "sometimes" reception of the FM use of shortwave for communications
there are two hobby clubs (check the broadcasters in the 88 to 108 Mega- continues to grow.
COMMUNICATIONS WORLD Club listing), hertz frequency band. Among the major developed nations
the National Radio Club, and the In- The Worldwide TV -FM DX Associa- of the world, it's true, satellite corn-
ternational Radio Club of America, tion (see club list) specializes in this munications are taking the place of
which specialize exclusively in this particular phase of the DX hobby, for much of the point -to-point shortwave
phase of DXing. those interested in more details. links. If you'll remember the basic di-
There are also DXers who do their Potpourri. So far we delved into pro- visions I mentioned earlier, these sorts
tuning on the TV channels and FM fre- gram listening on the shortwaves and of SW operations are non -program type

Pierre I. Nimax, Staunton, VA, has been a DXer for over 25 years, he notes. An electronics buff, he has built much of his equipment,
some from kits, some self-designed. "As a shortwave enthusiast," Pierre says, "I have logged and QSLed stations including Kuwait, South
Africa, Finland, Japan and Australia."

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


38
"utility" communicators, radiotelephone,
radioteletype, etc., etc. RADIO CLUBS YOU CAN JOIN
And as far as shortwave broadcast-
One of the best ways to keep up to date on what is happening in
ing stations, that's growing too, in
the world of DXing and shortwave listening is by joining a radio hobby
terms of numbers of transmitters and
club. There are many such clubs in North America, a few major or-
power of stations. There is no indica-
ganizations, quite a few little ones. Unfortunately, many of the fledgling
tion so far that for the shortwave
clubs that seem to be continually springing up around the country,
broadcast program listener there will be
soon fade away and die, as the interest of the organizers dwindles,
any diminishing of stations to tune for
usually because the volunteer labor needed to run a club successfully
at any time in the foreseeable future.
is quite substantial.
Eventually, perhaps, satellites will Therefore, we recommend only those clubs affiliated with the Asso-
make inroads in SWBC operations, but ciation of North American Radio Clubs (ANARC). ANARC, founded in
that seems far off. For years, SW will 1964, is an umbrella organization of major radio clubs, uniting these
represent the most effective and most hobby associations in a loose confederation.
economical way for broadcasters to get The clubs affiliated with ANARC, because of restrictions placed on
their programs to distant listeners. membership, tend to be more stable. In fact, some of the well- estab-
John Parmenter, Elko, NV, queries lished hobby clubs date back as far as the 1920s and 1930s; a good
in the same vein, but he is looking to track record for longevity.
the immediate future: The national headquarters of ANARC is 557 North Madison Avenue,
"What can SWLs look forward to Pasadena, CA 91101. There are 15 clubs with full ANARC membership;
in the next year or two or three," writes some eight others which are smaller (less than 50 members) or newer
our Nevada reader. (in existence less than 6 months), are accorded associate status.
I'm hesitant to go out on a limb American Shortwave Listeners Club: 16182 Ballad Lane, Huntington Beach,
with a lot of specifics, for prediction is CA 92649. Forth -eight page bulletin, SWL published monthly. Covers SWBC,
a tricky game to play. In the short run, utility DXing, QSLs, time index of programs, propagation information. Mem-
though, it is possible to check out bership details and sample copy, $1.
where we are today, and move those Association of Illinois DX'ers: P.O. Box 94672, Schaumburg, IL 60194.
AIDX Journal, the club's monthly publication, covers shortwave and medium
developments along into the months
wave activities, with the emphasis on the former. Membership details and
ahead, perhaps to a couple of years.
sample bulletin for a stamped, self- addressed envelope in North America;
For SWLs there are some good things 2 international reply coupons overseas.
in store, it seems to me. Already the Atlantic States DX Association: 1137 East 12th Street, Brooklyn NY 11230.
equipment picture- especially when it Publishes a monthly bulletin, ALB, covering loggings of stations on the east
comes to shortwave receivers-is so coast, English language broadcasts, QSLs, propagation information. Member-
much better than it was a few years ago. ship details and a sample bulletin, 75 in North America, 3 IRCs overseas.
The big reason for the change has Canadian International DX Club: 169 Grandview Avenue, Winnipeg, Mani-
been the entry of Japanese manufac- toba, Canada R2G OL4. The bulletin, The Messenger, published monthly,
covers most DXing aspects, SW, MW, amateur radio, FM -TV, QSLs, clandestine
turers into the receiver market. There
stations, and a "forum" for in -print discussions by members. Membership de-
is now quite a choice of listening gear,
tails and sample bulletin, 40 in North America, 4 IRCs overseas.
and it seems, more to come! In fact, Canadian SWL International: P.O. Box 142, Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada
things are coming so fast that the P7C 4V5. Approximately 40 pages in length, the bulletin, CANDX is published
technological breakthroughs of just a monthly. It covers SW and utility listening. Membership information and sample
few years ago -such as the famed bulletin, $1 or 3 IRCs worldwide.
Wadley loop circuitry which brought Club DX Quebecois: P.O. Box 421, Ancienne Lorette, Quebec, Canada G2E
accurate frequency readout to lower 4W6. Its monthly publication, Echo DX is in the French language and covers
SW, MW and utility DXing topics. Information about membership and a sample
priced receivers -is fading from the
bulletin, $1 or 3 IRCs worldwide.
scene.
Club Ondes Courtes Du Quebec: Case Postale 267, Gaspe, Quebec, Canada
The wonders of integrated circuit GOC 1RO. Also published in French, the monthly bulletin, L'Onde covers
"chips," that can pack a whale of a lot medium wave, utility and SWBC and amateur radio listening.
of technology in just a tiny component, International Radio Club of America: P.O. Box 21074, Seattle, WA 98111.
have resulted in "thinking" receivers This club devotes its bulletin exclusively to coverage of foreign and domestic
with a "memory." Look for more re- AM medium wave BCBing, plus data on stations, equipment and events in
ceiver models without the traditional the broadcasting industry. Its bulletin, DX Monitor is published 34 times a
year, weekly during the heart of the DXing season. A sample copy and mem-
dial tuning, sets on which you punch
bership information, 50 or 3 IRCs.
in the desired frequency, just as you'd
Longwave Club of America: Box 33188, Grenada Hills, CA 91344. The club's
enter numbers on a pocket calculator. bulletin, The Lowdown is published monthly and, as its name indicates, covers
And look for more sets with "memor- DXing on frequencies below 550 kHz; plus the 1750 meter band. Membership
ies" which you can pre -set to a series of information and a sample bulletin, a stamped self addressed envelope or 2
desired frequencies for instant recall of Miami Valley DX Club: c/o Dave Hammer, 4666 Lrkhall Lane, Columbus,
your favorite stations. International Reply Coupons.
These features already exist in sets OH 43229. The club's bulletin, DX World, published monthly, covers all DXing
on the market today. In the next couple bands, but emphasizes the shortwaves. Membership information and a sample
of years, you should see them in even bulletin, 50 in North America, 5 IRCs overseas.
National Radio Club: Headquarted in Louisville, KY, but requests for infor-
lower priced gear. mation and sample bulletin (60) should be sent to NRC Membership Center,
Look too for 'changes in antennas. P.O. Box 118, Poquonock, CT 06064. This club, founded in 1933, covers medium
The trend, indicated by what already is wave (BCB) exclusively. Its bulletin, DX News is published 32 times a year,
becoming available, is to smaller, much weekly in season.
(Continued on page 40)
more compact shortwave antennas.

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 39


communicrnions WORLD It was long an accepted maxim that
you needed a lot of wire up there to
maximize the capture effect when you
were trying to tune weak signals. But,
RADIO CLUBS YOU CAN JOIN (Continued from page 39)
based on earlier military experimenta-
Newark News Radio Club: P.O. Box 539, Newark, NJ 07101. Another pioneer tion, we'll be seeing some remarkably
club, NNRC was founded in 1927, and covers SW, MW, ham band listening, small antennas that make up for their
utilities, FM, TV, CB and tapesponding. Its bulletin, NNRC Bulletin is published
monthly. There is no fee listed by ANARC for this club's sample bulletin. A
loss of "capture" power by amplifying
stamped, self- addressed envelope should be enclosed with membership in- what you DO get with some very
formation requests. "quiet" amplifiers.
North American Shortwave Association: P.O. Box 13, Liberty, IN 47353. This I don't see a full -blown continuation
club covers shortwave broadcast DXing exclusively, with logging reports, QLS of the power struggle of the past decade
data and other information on stations and SWLing. Its bulletin, FRENDX is or so among the "biggies" of the short-
published monthly. Membership information and a sample bulletin, $1 in North wave broadcasting world.
America, $2 or 10 IRCs overseas. The steady increasing of transmitter
Ontario DX Association: 3 Camrose Crescent, Scarborough, Ontario, Canada
powers from 50 kilowatts to 100 kilo-
M1L 2B5. Membership is limited to residents of Ontario, however persons
living elsewhere may subscribe to the club's monthly bulletin, DX Ontario. watts, to 250 kilowatts, to 500 kilowatts
The club covers SW and MW DXing. Membership information and sample and, in some cases, beyond, has prob-
bulletin, $1. ably reached a plateau.
Radio Communications Monitoring Association: P.O. Box 4563, Anaheim CA There still will be stations installing
92803. This club covers various aspects of very high frequency (VHF) and powerful new transmitters in the years
ultra high frequency (UHF) DXing, listening for two-way communications above ahead, but I doubt we'll see a full
30 MHz. Its bulletin, RCMA Newsletter /Monitor is published monthly. Member- fledged expansion with all the interna-
ship information and sample copy, $1, or 6 IRCs overseas. tional stations going to a million or
SPEEDX: P.O. Box E, Lake Elsinore CA 92330. The club's monthly bulletin,
called SPEEDX, contains information on shortwave and utility DXing. Sample more watts. The cost is just too great!
copy of the bulletin and membership information is $1 or 8 IRCs overseas. Look for more relay stations around
Worldwide TV-FM DX Association: P.O. Box 97, Calumet City, IL 60409. This the world, transmitters located nearer
club covers TV, FM and VHF -UHF monitoring, with log listings, articles and to desired listening audiences. In some
technical info. It's buleltin, VHF -UHF Digest is published monthly. Membership cases, we may find major SWBC sta-
information and sample copy, $1. tions jointly financing relay operations.
The following are Associate Member clubs in ANARC. They are either newer
organizations with fewer members, or special interest or local /regional clubs.
In other cases, cooperative deals for
Canadian Handicapped Aid Program: 6 Coolbreeze Avenue, Pointe Clarie, broadcasting time may be worked out
Quebec, Canada H9S 5G4. between the financing SWBC service
Handicapped Aid Program-United States Branch: 102 Colonial Avenue, and the host nation where the relay sta-
Trenton NJ 08610. tions are built.
Minnesota DX Club: 5212 Drew Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55410. Stations with English language pro-
San Diego DX'ers Club: 1826 Cypress Street, San Diego CA 92154. gramming will begin trying to tailor
Southern DX Association: P.O. Box 213, Alexandria TN 37012.
their broadcasts to listener tastes, by
University of Manitoba DX -SWL Club: Address not listed by ANARC.
Washington Area DX Association: 606 Forest Glen Road, Silver Spring, researching more formally their listen-
MD 20901. ers' opinions.
A pamphlet with expanded information on each of the 23 ANARC -affiliated These stations will begin to think
clubs, full and associate member status, plus other general data on the DXing more closely about the program listen-
hobby is available for 50 from ANARC, 557 North Madison Avenue, Pasadena er, and less about the DX -types who
CA 91101. Ask for pamphlet: ANARC /HAP Guide to DX Radio Listening. are more interested in hearing new sta-
tions and listening to programs on their
old favorites.
In connection with this development,
and because of increasing costs in han-
dling incoming mail, more stations will
either put restrictions on their QSLing
efforts, or give up sending out verifica-
tions entirely.
Sorry, but I think that's coming,
more and more, in the next several
years.
We will continue to see growth of
shortwave broadcasting in the develop-
ing countries. And in terms of politi-
cized, unofficial "clandestine" stations,
there will be more of these propaganda
voices, especially from the long -troubled
Middle East.
And, as easy -to -tune listening equip-
ment becomes less expensive, I look
A Realistic DX -160 is the prime shortwave receiver in this listening post of
John Daenzer, Greensboro, NC. "I'm now getting settled into a new home after
for more persons to discover all there
10 years of traveling around the world," he writes. "My interest in SW is to listen to on shortwave!
came from a need for worldwide news while I was in the other countries." Not a very daring prediction, of

40 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


y
THE SINPO CODE
The SINPO code is often used by SWLs in reporting conditions of reception to the major international broadcasters. The
chart below indicates the values, in terms of reception quality, assigned to each number in the code. A station with good
signal strength, moderate interference and atmospheric noise, slight propagational disturbances, or fading, and a good
4
overall signal quality, would be designated SINPO 54454.

Signal Strength Interference Atmospheric Noise Propagation disturbance Overall Merit


S N P 0
5 -Excel lent 5 -None 5 -None 5 -None 5 -Excel lent
4-Good 4- Slight 4- Slight 4-Slight 4 -Good
3 -Fair 3- Moderate 3- Moderate 3- Moderate 3 -Fa ir
2 -Poor 2- Severe 2- Severe 2- Severe 2 -Poor
1- Barely audible 1- Extreme 1- Extreme 1- Extreme 1- Unusable
course, but I think based on today . . . Noting that many SW broadcasters clubs," writes Paul Erikson, San Fran-
that's how next year, and the year after, are limiting their QSLs to listeners, I cisco, CA, "and from time to time I
will look. have to urge listeners not to push too see in their bulletins that some bit of
Question from Lloyd Penny, Toron- hard for QSLs' "by the numbers." information or another about various
to, Canada, about the "what to do's" of There's not really very much reason shortwave stations is credited to .BBC
QSLing stations. -or satisfaction -in making QSLing a MS. What is BBC MS and how does it
"What do I do for the many fre- be all, end all quest. Verify the "new" operate."
quencies of the Voice of America, the catch, of course. Maybe write a recep- BBC MS is simply a handy abbrevia-
BBC, Radio Moscow and other inter- tion report, seeking another QSL, if the tion for the British Broadcasting Cor-
national broadcasters? station changes its card design, once a poration's Monitoring Service.
"Do I ask for a QSL card for every year or so. But don't make a pest of A monitoring service, and the U.S.
frequency I hear them on, or do I just yourself! On the other hand, stations has its more shadowy Foreign Broad-
ask for the odd one? I'm a real QSL DO love to hear from their listeners, so cast Information Service (FBIS), linked
freak, but will these stations get tired WRITE. But don't make each letter a to our intelligence community -does, in
of my letters asking for more and more QSL request. a sense, what SWLs do, but on a pro-
cards ?" "I'm a member of several radio fessional level. They keep tab, primarily
for their governments on the programs
LOCAL TIME VS. GREENWICH TIME that go out on shortwave radio each
day from stations all around the globe.
If you initially have some difficulty in converting your local time into the DXers BBC MS, for example, does the
universal time, Greenwich Mean Time (GMT), this conversion chart should help.
With a bit of practice, however, you'll find you can make the conversions easily
eavesdropping on world broadcasts for
without even consulting this chart. GMT is 4 hours ahead of Eastern Daylight its parent organization, the British
Time; 5 hours ahead of EST /Central Daylight Time; 6 hours ahead of CST/ Broadcasting Corporation, and its ex-
Mountain Daylight Time; 7 hours ahead of MST /Pacific Daylight Time; and 8 tensive news service, but also for the
hours ahead of PST. British Foreign Office, the Ministry of
Greenwich
Defense and various news agencies and
Mean Time
university researchers.
EDT EST /CDT CST /MDT MST /PDT PST
Most of its monitoring is done from
0000 8 p.m. 7 p.m. 6 p.m. 5 p.m. 4 p.m. a converted Victorian mansion at Cav-
0100 9 p.m. 8 p.m. 7 p.m. 6 p.m. 5 p.m. ersham Park, near Reading, England.
0200 10 p.m. 9 p.m. 8 p.m. 7 p.m. 6 p.m. Daily, its 116 professional monitors
0300 11 p.m. 10 p.m. 9 p.m. 8 p.m. 7 p.m. tune to some 400 news or information
0400 Midnight 11 p.m. 10 p.m. 9 p.m. 8 p.m. broadcasts from Eastern Europe and
0500 1 a.m. Midnight 11 p.m. 10 p.m. 9 p.m. the USSR, Africa and the Middle East.
0600 2 a.m. 1 a.m. Midnight 11 p.m. 10 p.m. The monitors listen to programs in 35
0700 3 a.m. 2 a.m. 1 a.m. Midnight 11 p.m. different languages.
0800 4 a.m. 3 a.m. 2 a.m. 1 a.m. Midnight The BBC MS was founded in 1939,
0900 5 a.m. 4 a.m. 3 a.m. 2 a.m. 1 a.m. and grew to employ more than 1,000
1000 6 a.m. 5 a.m. 4 a.m. 3 a.m. 2 a.m. persons during World War II. Since
1100 7 a.m. 6 a.m. 5 a.m. 4 a.m. 3 a.m. 1945, there has been an exchange of
1200 8 a.m. 7 a.m. 6 a.m. 5 a.m. 4 a.m. information with America's FBIS moni-
1300 . 9 a.m. 8 a.m. 7 a.m. 6 a.m. 5 a.m. toring service, with the U.S. pro lis-
1400 10 a.m. 9 a.m. 8 a.m. 7 a.m. 6 a.m. teners taking responsibiilty for tuning
1500 11 a.m. 10 a.m. 9 a.m. 8 a.m. 7 a.m. in the voices of the Far East (from
1600 Noon 11 a.m. 10 a.m. 9 a.m. 8 a.m. posts in Thailand and Okinawa, for ex-
1700 1 p.m. Noon 11 a.m. 10 a.m. 9 a.m. ample) and South America (a listening
1800 2 p.m. 1 p.m. Noon 11 a.m. 10 a.m. post operates from Asuncion, Para-
1900 3 p.m. 2 p.m. 1 p.m. Noon 11 a.m. guay).
2000 4 p.m. 3 p.m. 2 p.m. 1 p.m. Noon
2100 5.p.m. 4 p.m. 3 p.m. 2 p.m. 1 p.m.
It's a big job that BBC MS tackles.
2200 6 p.m. 5 p.m. 4 p.m. 3 p.m. 2 p.m.
"Our greatest problem is that the vol-
2300 7 p.m. 6 p.m. 5 p.m. 4 p.m. 3 p.m.
ume of world broadcasting goes on ex-
panding at a tremendous rate all the

COIVIIVIUIVII.HI !VII J VVVKLU 1 701 41


communlCATIOnS WORLD
AERONAUTICAL DX
This is a selected list of tower and approach control frequencies used by major airports in the U.S.
Airport and Location Tower Approach Airport and Location Tower Approach
Albany County, NY 119.5 125.0 J. F. Kennedy International, NY 119.1 134.35
Albuquerque, NM 118.3 124.4 LaGuardia, NY 118.7 118.0
Amarillo, TX 118.3 121.15 Lakefront, LA 126.2 125.5
Andrews AFB, MD 118.4 119.3 Logan International, MA 119.1 126.5
Baltimore- Washington International, MD 119.4 125.9 Los Angeles International, CA 120.8 128.5
Charleston, SC 126.0 123.9 Memphis International, TN 119.7 125.8
Chicago-Midway, IL 118.7 119.35 Metro Oakland International, CA 126.0 135.4
Chicago-O'Hare International, IL 118.1 125.7 Miami International, FL 118.3 128.6
Cleveland- Hopkins, OH 120.9 124.0 Minneapolis -St. Paul, MN 118.7 126.95
Dallas-Ft. Worth, TX 126.55 125.8 Nashville Metro, TN 119.1 124.0
Dallas -Love Field, TX 118.5 124.5 Newark, NJ 118.3 127.6
Dekalb- Peachtree, GA 120.9 119.3 Philadelphia International, PA 118.5 135.1
Des Moines Muni, IA 118.3 124.9 Phoenix -Sky Harbor International, AR 120.9 124.1
Detroit Metro, MI 121.1 125.15 Sacramento Metro, CA 125.7 125.2
El Paso International, TX 118.3 121.3 Salt Lake City International, UT 119.2 128.0
Fulton County, GA 118.5 122.45 San Diego International, CA 118.3 128.0
120.5 126.2 San Francisco International, CA 120.5 134.5
Greater Buffalo International, NY
Greater Cincinnati, OH 118.3 119.7 Seattle- Tacoma International, WA 119.9 123.9
119.1 124.15 Tampa International, FL 119.5 126.4
Greater Pittsburgh, PA
Houston International, TX 118.1 123.8 Tucson International, AZ 118.3 125.1
Indianapolis Muni, IN 120.9 124.65 Will Rogers World,-OK 139.9 124.2
118.3 124.4 William B. Hartford -Atlanta Intl. GA 119.1 120.5
Jacksonville International, FL

time," says John Rae, head of the And, in fact, there are one or two monitoring.
agency. In 1980, BBC MS added extra British DXers who have landed jobs at A fascinating, but lesser known SW
translator- monitors fluent in the lan- BBC MS's Caversham Park facility. monitoring operation is that of Michael
guages of Iran and Afghanistan. These, But listening for pay may norbe all Gurdus, Israel Radio's specialist.
plus Russian programs, are monitored you imagine. One BBC MS monitor - In scope, Gurdus' operation is minis-
on an around -the -clock basis. says, "At least 95 percent of everything cule, by BBC MS standards. A 35 -year-
For the SWL hobbyist, a job as a we listen to is desperately boring." But, old reporter for the Israeli state radio
professional monitor-getting paid for he also admits, there are times when and television, he works from the back
what you like to do most, listen to "reading between the lines" of the for- room of his Tel Aviv apartment.
shortwave -seems a dream come true. eign news broadcasts adds spice to the Gurdus' biggest "scoop" was his
eavesdropping on the miiltary com-
munications during last year's aborted
recue mission to release the hostages in
Iran. "I knew 12 hours in advance of
the official announcement that an
American Hercules (plane) had crash-
ed, and that more planes had lost con-

Though not the easiest PHONETIC ALPHABET


station to hear, a number of To prevent confusion with letters which sound
North American SWLs can similar, especially under difficult reception condi-
include Radio Universidad tions -such as A, 1, K or B, P and V -the military
has adopted an alphabetical word system. In use,
de Sonora in Hermosillo,
for example, an Army communications station such
Mexico, in their logbooks. as AAE60 would usually announce as "Alfa -Alfa-
Sergio Rayas Solis, one of Echo -Six- Zero." Here is the standardized military
our readers, was formerly an phonetic alphabet:
announcer at this station. A = Alfa N = November
He also has been a DXer B = Bravo 0 = Oscar
since 1968, and a faithful fan C = Charlie P = Papa
of COMMUNICATIONS D = Delta Q = Quebec
WORLD since 1975. The E = Echo R= Romeo
happy youngster behind F= Foxtrot S = Sierra
Sergio is his daughter, G = Golf T = Tango
H =Hotel U= Uniform
Norma Patricia. He uses a V= Victor
=India
Telefunken table radio and a
I

J = Juliet W = Whiskey
portable Hitachi set to log K=-- Kilo X = X -ray
332 stations in 83 countries. L= Lima Y = Yankee
He hopes to hear an M = Mike Z =Zulu
Antarctic station some day.

r
COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981
42
tact," Gurdus told a British journalist
a short time after the raid. Gurdus' AERONAUTICAL FREQUENCIES FOR
monitoring also established first that MAJOR WORLD AIR ROUTE AREAS
the transport planes took off from bases North Atlantic S.America (east) North Pacific Far East
near Cairo and that assistance was re- 2868 8854 2910 8847 2910 13264 2868 8868
ceived, along the way, from the tiny 2931 8889 3404.5 8872 5589 17909 2987 13288
nation of Bahrain. 2945 8910 5566.5 11327 8938 5624 13312
2987 13288 5581.5 13320 Central E. Pacific 5645 17965
In October 1977, the Israeli monitor 5610 13328 5582 17916.5 8840
3467 8930.5
picked up radio communications from 5624 13352 8845.5 5551.5 8931
a West German military team that res- 5638 17966.5
S.America (west) 5554 11299.5 Middle East
cued a Lufthansa airliner from terror- 5673 5603 13304.5 3404 8847
2889 8826
6679.5 13334.5 3446 10009
ist skyjackers at Mogadishu, Somalia. South Atlantic 4696 11343
5603 13336
6666 8875 13336
And earlier yet, Gurdus' monitoring 2875 8882 8879.5 6624
of the shortwaves picked up a weak 3432 10049 Europe
Central W. Pacific
6597 13344 2910 Africa (east)
SOS from Archbishop Makarious of 6610 17946.5
8875 2896 8854
3467 8930.5 2966 8959
Cyprus, during a coup. The Israelis 4689 8931
4675 11303
3481 10025
alerted the British and a rescue opera- Caribbean 5505 13296 5505 13280
5554 8871
2875 6561 6631 17909
tion was mounted. Afterwards, the 6568 11303 6540 13336
2952 6568 6582 South East Asia 6561
Cypriot president admitted that Gur- 2966 8840 2987 8882
dus' interception of the radio message 5484 8959 South Pacific 5673 10049 Africa (west)
saved his life in the revolution attempt. 5568 10017 2945 8847 8837 13344 3411 8826
The very immediacy of shortwave 6540 11343 5638 13304 8868 17946.5 5519 13304
means that the alert listener- amateur
as well as pro -will be on the scene via
radio when some major world event
occurs. Here at DX Central, I've moni- CUBAN MEDIUM WAVE OUTLETS
tored via SW a number of Latin revolu-
tions, various independence day cele- All broadcasting in Cuba is under central governmental control, although there are vari-
ous national and regional networks, such as Radio Rebelde, Radio Liberacion, Radio Pro-
brations, and other similar events. greso, Reloj Nacional, Radio Revolucion and more. La Voz de Cuba is a music, news and
Next, Y.A. Hayatian of Ville Saint - commentary program aired for about five hours a day on many Cuban stations. This is
Laurent, Quebec, has a rather common a list of the more powerful Cuban medium wavers.
question about buying DXing equip-
kHz Call City kHz Call City
ment.
550 CMAN Pinar del Rio 760 CMCI Havana
"I am interested in buying a certain
570 CMHI Santa Clara 780 CMJN Camaguey
model shortwave receiver you mention- 590 CMW San Antonio de las Vegas 790 CMCH Havana
ed in COMMUNICATIONS WORLD. But
600 CMKV San German 820 CMCA Havana.
the best price I can find in Montreal is 630 CMHQ Santa Clara 840 CMH Santa Clara
more than twice what you indicated 640 CMQ Havana 870 CMDN Guantanamo
was paid by some gentlemen in a New 660 CMHG Santa Clara 880 CMAF Pinar del Rio
York store. 670 CMKP San Pedro de Cacocum 910 CMFA Camaguey
"Can you tell me where to buy the 690 CMBC Havana 950 CMBF Havana
receiver for that price ?" 700 CMIT Ciego de Avila 980 CMCK Havana
Our reader's question raises several 720 CMGN Colon 1010 CMKM Holguin
points. 730 CMKJ Holguin 1060 CMBQ Haven
I have become wary about mention- 740 CMJL Camaguey 1220 CMGY Perico
ing specific prices for radio gear in CW. 1250 CMHS Caibarien
For one thing, prices change consider-
ably, even over a few months. Since
COMMUNICATIONS WORLD is an annual
magazine, and because it is written a FIXED CIRCUIT FREQUENCIES
few. months before it appears on your
newsstand, there can be significant price The fixed circuit point -to -point stations are assigned by the International Telecommunications
Union to.a number of specific shortwave bands, some of which are shared with other types of
differences-usually increases-by the services. The following bands are, theoretically, reserved for fixed circuit communications:
time you read it. (Frequencies in kHz)
This is especially true with Japanese - 4000 -4063 9775 -10000 15450 -16460
made shortwave receivers, which are 5060-5450 10100 -11175 17360.17700
usually priced to dealers in terms of 5730-5950 11400-11700 18030-20000
the Yen, rather than the Dollar. Fluc- 6765 -7000 11975 -12330 21750 -21850
tuations in the money market mean the 7300-8195 13360-14000 22720-23200
price of a radio can similarly fluctuate. 9040-9500 14350 -15000 24000 -25000
Next, with some of the better known
brands, there are many dealers selling And the following bands are shared with other types of radio services.
them. Competition means differences in 1605 -2065 4438 -4650 25000 -25600
prices. It often is the case that a popu- 2105-2850 4750 -5060 26100.28000
lar shortwave portable receiver will, 3155 -3400 21850 -22000 29700 -30000
because of competition, cost consider- 3500 -4000 23200 -24000
ably less in a large volume, discount

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 43


co, municATions WORLD You're well situated, Bob, for that
sort of monitoring. And, yes, when a
tropical storm turns into a full fledged
hurricane, there are some places in the
shortwave spectrum to listen for infor- i
mation. Some of the frequencies are
military or governmental communica-
tions, some are amateur radio opera-
tions. But to tune them, you'll need to
know a bit about a transmission mode
known as single sideband.
So before the hurricane, let me di-
gress a moment to talk about single
Richard Murray is a 25 -year-
old serviceman stationed
sideband.
at Frankfurt, Germany. He Single sideband is a mode of trans-
favors the shortwave bands mission that is widely used for com-
and with his National munications work, where audio fidelity
NC270, Grundig RTV -380 is less important than efficiency in get-
and GE 10 -band receivers he ting the message through.
has managed to hear 118 The SSB signal is amplitude modu-
different countries. lated (AM), not FM, but the radio
frequency carrier and half of the voice
store in a major metropolitan area, modulation is suppressed. What re-
such as New York City, than in a mains is a single sideband of signal.
smaller outlet in a smaller town. If that all sounds a bit complicated.
In the case of reader Hayatian, there try this for a homely explanation:
also is a difference betikeen the Cana- Farmer Brown has a pig he wants to
dian and American dollar, to consider. take to market. So, he tells his lazy
However, there may be more than son, put the porker in the wheelbarrow
simply price to consider. Perhaps you and truck him on down the road to
may want a "line" receiver modified for town. And so sonny does. Pig in bar-
improved selectivity, as I noted earlier. row, he wheels off toward the market.
Or you may be concerned about where In our radio parallel, the wheelbar-
to turn if your set needs repair at a row is the radio frequency carrier, the
future date. signal that "carries" the modulation.
You probably will not get that sort The modulation is the communication
of service if you buy from a cut -rate or, in the case of our regular SWBC
discount store. stations, the program, superimposed on
For these reasons, I have, in recent the carrier.
CW issues, tried to speak of prices in The piggy in our folksy example is
more general ranges, knowing that the the modulation, the "load" carried to
specific price may vary from place to its destination. The farmer's son hasn't
place, time to time. gone very far before he realizes that a
As with any other major purchase pig in a barrow is a heavy load, hard
you make, it's wise to shop around for to move. Now if I didn't have the
both value and price. heavy barrow, and only half a pig to
A 10 -year veteran of DXing at age 29 haul, how much easier it would be, he
is Jose Borras, Galveston, TX. He says he
Bob Battersby, New Orleans, is a
has been a COMMUNICATIONS WORLD high school student and is interested in thinks.
reader for many years. He uses a meteorology, especially hurricanes, he And he's right. It would take less
Yaesu Musen FRG -7 shortwave receiver. says. Bob asks, "I'd like to combine my expenditure of energy. But it's impos-
We hope Jose continues a CW reader interest in tracking -hurricanes across sible to dispense with the wheelbarrow
for years to come. the Caribbean and Gulf areas with my and half the pig en route, but restore
shortwave listening. Any ideas ?" both once the market is reached.
However with SSB this is entirely
possible and practical. You can sup-
press the carrier and half the modula-
tion (leaving a mirror -image half re-
maining), and then, in the receiver,
Though he says he lives in a electronically restore them. You have
poor reception area, near a completely intelligible signal as the
power lines, Irvin Woelfle, end product, but your use of transmit-
Morton, IL, does quite well, ting power in getting your message
logging stations in a number of
from point A to point B is about eight
different countries. His
primary interest, he says, is in times more effective than plain old
tuning the news and commen- ordinary double sideband AM trans-
tary programs from various mission. A lower powered transmitter
countries to learn more about will do the job of a more powerful -
those nations abroad. and expensive -one.

44 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


SSB, though, when received on a
simple AM set, sounds garbled and dis- "I get just as much of an
education from my radio as
torted. Most every receiver designed I do in school," claims
for the ham radio market has provi- Gordon Kibble, Richmond,
sions to receive SSB signals these days. British Columbia, Canada.
So do some other shortwave receivers. "SWLing is fun and reward-
Other sets have built -in beat frequency ing; like a world in your
oscillators (BFO) that can be switched own home." Gordon has
in to add the missing carrier to the SSB been a DXer for five years,
signal, making it more or less intelligi- listening with an Alconic
portable receiver.
ble.
If your receiver is capable of tuning
SSB signals. you'll find a whole new ham Hurricane network, 14,325 kHz.
world of "utility" communications sig- "I've heard there is a Boy Scout
nals available to you on shortwave. shortwave station," writes Charles
Back now to the hurricane watch busi- Thompkins, a Scout leader from the
ness. Boston area. "I don't mean an amateur
The U.S. Department of Commerce. radio station, but a real shortwave
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Ad- broadcaster with programs. What can
ministration (NOAA) has its Hurri- you tell me about it ?"
cane Research Center at Miami, FL. I think, Charles, that you're probably
It uses the tactical call Miami Monitor referring to the Polish Pathfinders sta-
in its radio communications. Military tion. but it is operated by the Polish
hurricane hunter flights, using WC -130 Pathfinders Union. a youth organiza-
aircraft, based at Keesler Air Force tion for boys and girls between 10 and
Base, Miss., fly out to track the high - 18, some three million uniformed
powered storms, penetrating right to youths in that Eastern European nation.
the eye of the hurricanes. They gen- The Polish Pathfinders station -Roz-
erally use tactical radio calls such as
Gull and Teal. LATIN AMERICAN TELEVISION
Frequencies worth tuning, Bob. Under the right conditions, described in the text, long distance television reception is
when a storm is brewing at sea are possible on the lower TV channels. This means Latin American TV reception is possible
13,260 kHz, primarily, but also 4,468, in the southern part of the U.S. and reception of Cuban and Mexican stations can occur
in much of the rest of our country. Here are some possible targets for U.S. DXers.
6,645 and 17.901 kHz. Interesting com-
munications also may be found on the Country Station Channel
Barbados Caribbean Broadcasting Corp. 3
"SPY" TRANSMISSIONS Costa Rica Co. Costarricense de Television 2
Have you heard strange stations whose Radio Television Tic -Tac 4
transmissions seem to consist only of Cuba Television Nacional Canal
'series of numbers, usually in groups of Havana 2
four or five numerals? Solid information Ciego de Avila 2
about these radio operations is hard to Santiago de Cuba 2
come by, hut it is believed that at least Holguin 3
some, perhaps many of these stations Camaguey 4
are broadcasting coded messages to Santa Clara 5
agents operating in other countries. For Havana 6
this reason, shortwave listeners gener- Camaguey 6
ally refer to these transmissions as "spy"
Dominican Republic Radio Television Dominicana 4
stations. It is said that the number groups
Corp. Dominicana de Radio y TV 2
aired are one -time -use numerical codes,
nearly impossible to "break," even with El Salvador Canal Dos YSR -TV 2
computer analysis. Some of the stations Canal Quatro YSU -TV 4
are located in East Germany, but it is Guatemala Radio Television Guatemala 3
also suspected that other countries are Mexico XHIA, Torrejon 2
involved as well, including the U.S. Most XEPM, Ciudad Juarez 2
transmissions are in Spanish, German XHCH, Chihuahua 2
or English. Here are some frequencies XEW, Mexico City 2
where SWLs have noted such transmis- XEFE, Nuevo Laredo 2
sions. Frequencies are in kilohertz. XHBE, Mexicali 3
ENGLISH XEFB, Monterrey 3
4,308, 5,810, 6,722, 8,413, 9,072, 9,117, XEZ, Cerro del Zamorano 3
11 ,250, 12,405 XHY, Merida 3
XHTV, Mexico City 4
GERMAN
XHBS, Ciudad Obregon 4
3,220, 4,050, 4,665, 5,020, 6,400, 7,450,
7,850, 11,400, 17,590, 19,460 Nicaragua Televicentro de Nicaragua 2

SPANISH Puerto Rico Telemundo, WKAQ -TV 2


3,204, 3,270, 3,450, 4,556, 4,680, 5,810, WIPM -TM 3
6,690, 6,725, 8,413, 9,920, 9,990, 11,400, WAPA -TV 4
14,775 WORA -TV
5

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 45


,.,.:.,.
GOmmunlCATlOns WORLD INTERPOL FREQUENCIES
Location kHz Call
Algiers, Algeria 4632.5 7RA20
FREQUENCY VS. WAVELENGTH Helsinki, Finland OGX
Paris, France FSB53
Many beginning SWLs are confused about the terms "frequency" and "wavelength." Both are Stockholm, Sweden SHX
ways of expressing the same essential information about where to tune for a station. Wave- Wiesbaden, Germany DHA33
length (measured in meters) refers to the length of a particular radio wave. Frequency West Wickham, England GMP
(measured in kilohertz or Megahertz -1,000 kHz) describes the number of times per second
Beirut, Lebanon 6792 ODW21
that the wave "vibrates." These are the formulas for converting one to the other.
Paris, France FSB54
300,000 Tel Aviv, Israel 4XP40
WAVELENGTH IN METERS - Frequency in kHz
Utrecht, Netherlands
Brussels, Belgium 7532
PDB2
ONA20
Oslo, Norway UP27
300,000
FREQUENCY IN KHZ - Wavelength in meters
Paris, France
Rome, Italy
FSB55
IUV81
Vienna, Austria OEQ
Zurich, Switzerland HEP

Lisbon, Portugal 9200 CSI66


Paris, France FSB56
glosnia Harcerska, in Polish -broadcasts Rabat, Morocco
JAPANESE BCB programs, mostly pop music with teen- Altamont, Canada 10390
CNT
X1E57
OUTLETS age appeal, on 6,195 kHz in the 49 Copenhagen, Denmark OWS4

Japan has hundreds of medium meter band, from 1100 to 700 GMT
1 Madrid, Spain EEO
Paris, France FSB57
wave outlets, many of them very low on weekdays, and 0900 to 1700 GMT Rio de Janeiro, Brazil PYZ2
powered. Some operate synchronized on Sundays. The transmitter power is Tunis, Tunisia 3VA
transmitters -identical programs on the a very modest one kilowatt. Ankara, Turkey 14817.5 TCC2
same frequency from different trans- The station was founded in 1957 Caracas, Venezuela YV23
mitters at various locations. Some sta- and has grown since into a very pro- Buenos Aires, Argentina AYA48
tions, however, run as much as 500,000 Ottawa, Canada X1D48
fessional operation. Programming is
watts. This is a selected list of those
Japanese medium wave outlets most primarily for, rather than by young Bogota, Colombia
Mexico City, Mexico
18380 --
likely to be heard on this side of the people. While staff members note the Paris, France FSB60
Pacific. heavy emphasis on popular music, they Teheran, Iran
also point out that it has "pedagogical Manila, Philippines 19360
kHz Call Location kw Paris, France FSB62
value," so you can bet there are lessons
670 JOBK Osaka 100 to be learned there too.
700 JOFB Hiroshima 10
JOKD Kitami 10 Make no mistake about it, this is
750* JOIB Sapporo 100 definitely not an easy station to hear says he's "an old time shipboard radio
770* JOUB Akita 500 in North America. Only a couple of operator" now interested in SWLing.
830* JOBB Osaka 300 legitimate loggings have been reported "Our home is on the east side of San
840 JOQK Niigata 10 on this side of the Atlantic. But one of Francisco Bay, about 15 miles south of
870* JOGB Kumamoto 500 those was by a veteran New England Oakland, so I hear both aviation and
880 JOPK Shizouka 10 DXer, Jerry Berg, Lexington, MA, just marine radio traffic. I "copy" CW."
890 JOHK Sendai 20 Carl notes that he has heard a num-
1210 JOOR Osaka 50
last year. If it is to be heard at all
1440 JOWF Sapporo 50 again, it probably will be about 0900 ber of CW (Morse code) stations on
GMT sign on time on a Sunday morn- the low frequency longwave bands,
*Best bets for reception east of the
Rockies ing. mostly aeronautical beacons.
Carl T. Grauer, Castro Valley, CA, The aero beacons are "homing"
transmissions for pilots to help them
locate airfields en route or at destina-
tion. They identify with two or three
letter "identifiers" in code.
Carl sends along several unidentified
stations he has logged, and he also
asks about a full listing of these sta-
tions and their locations. Generally,
these long wave radio beacons can be
found in the 200 to 400 kHz area.
Among the stations he has logged, but
not IDed, are "IN," "EZB," and
IN; "EZB" on 362 kHz is Oakland,
"FCH."
"IN" on 266 kHz is Indianapolis,
CA, and "FCH" is a beacon on 344
kHz, Fresno, CA.
A listing of U.S. aerobeacon stations
can be found in the Airman's Informa-
tional Manual, Part III, a rather costly
This antenna complex at Sackville, New Brunswick, beams Radio Canada
volume, available from the Superin-
International's shortwave programming to South America. tendent of Documents, Government

46 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


PHOTOS WANTED!
VERY LOW FREQUENCY DXING
Would you like to see your photo in COM- The very low frequencies 3 to 30 kHz are off the beaten track but there are some DXers who prowl
MUNICATIONS WORLD? Okay, then, send us a these bottom bands. And there are some interesting things to be heard here, much of it in CW
nice clear photo of you and your DXing equip- Morse code.
ment. A b&w photo is preferred, if color is
kHz Station Location Type of transmission
taken, use a glossy finish print. Along with
14.1 NAA Cutler, ME Navy VLF communications
the photo, please tell a little about you and
14.5 HWU Le Blanc, France Point-to -point
your DXing activities and interests. Also, please 14.7 NEJ Seattle, WA Navy VLF communications
identify the make and type of the receiver and 16.0 GBR Rugby, England Time standard signals
other equipment shown in the photograph. 18.6 NPG San Francisco, CA Navy VLF communications
Sorry, we can't return photographs. Our address
19.6 GBZ Rugby, England Point-to -point
is, COMMUNICATIONS WORLD, 380 Lexington
24.0 NBA Balboa, Canal Zone Navy.RTTY, CW, time signals
Ave., New York, NY 10017. 25.0 RWF USSR CW, time signals
25.0 RCV USSR CW, time signals
Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 25.0 ROR USSR CW, time signals
20402.
"Okay, so I am exhibitionist," writes
Joel Stafford, Charlotte, NC. "But I POLICE VHF AND UHF FREQUENCIES
want to advertise to the world that I'm This is a selected list of frequencies assigned to police departments in major U.S. cities.
an SWL. This is a great hobby and CITY FREQUENCY CITY FREQUENCY
I'd like to tell everybody about it, and Akron OH VHF-High: 155.97, 156.15, Minneapolis, MN VHF-High: 154.74, 15430,
the fun it is. But how can I let them 156.21 156.03
know that I'm a shortwave listener ?" UHF: 460.050, 460.375
New Orleans, LA VHF-High: 158.91
How about this, Joel: Try the '80s Atlanta, GA VHF -High: 155.85, 156.21
UHF: 460.25, 460.100,
UHF: 460.025, 460.075,
version of the walking billboard -the 460.150, 460.425
460200, 460.225, 460.475
T- shirt? Baltimore, MD VHF -High: 155.79
New York, NY UHF: 470.6375, 470.6625,
470.6875, 470.7125,
Now, surely you can find a local UHF: 495.1875
470.7375, 470.8125,
T-shirt shop to print you up an eye - Cleveland, OH UHF: 460.125, 460.225, 470,8625, 470.8875,
catching slogan that will have those you 460.275, 460.400, 470.9375, 470.9875
meet asking you what SWLing is all 460.450 Omaha, NB UHF: 460.100, 460.225,
Columbus, OH VHF -High: 154.65, 154.71, 460.375
about.
155.25, 155.55, 155.58 Philadelphia, PA VHF -High: 155.07, 155.625
Or, as an alternative, you might UHF: 460.075, 460.125,
UHF: 460.150, 460.250,
order one of the attractive conversa- 460.200, 460.275, 460.350, 460.375
tion-starting T- shirts still being offered 460.350, 460.400
Pittsburgh, PA VHF -High: 158.97
by Radio Sweden. Dallas, TX VHF -High: 155.19, 155.26
UHF: 458.10, 458.40
UHF: 460.025, 460.075,
More than 6,000 listeners around the 460.175
Portland, OR VHF -High: 154.65, 155.97,
world already are wearing attractive Denver, CO VHF-High: 156.03
156.15, 158.91, 159.21
UHF: 460.500
dark blue shirts with the words, "Keep UHF: 460.425
St. Louis, MO VHF -High: 155.61, 159.03
in touch -Radio Sweden," in yellow. Detroit, MI VHF-High: 155.85
UHF: 453.40
You can too. The shirts come in sizes: UHF: 460.275
Salt Lake City, UT VHF -High: 154.83, 154.875,
extra small, small, medium, large, extra Houston, TX VHF -High: 154.86, 155.13, 155.01, 155.13
large and extra -extra large. They cost 155.55
San Francisco, CA VHF-Low: 45.10, 45.14,
UHF: 460.025, 460.050,
$6 in U,S. funds (or 15 IRCs, pur- 460.350 45.46, 45.58
chased at your postoffice), ordered UHF: 460.125, 460.350,
Kansas City, MO VHF -High: 154.71, 155.64,
460.075
from Radio Sweden, S -105 10, Stock- 155.85, 156.09
UHF: 453.10
Seattle, WA VHF-High: 155.25, 155.64,
holm, Sweden. 155.97
And P. J. Arzini, Dallas, TX, has a Las Vegas, NV VHF -High: 155.55, 155.73
Washington, DC UHF: 460.100, 460.250,
question about AFRTS, the American Little Rock, AR VHF-High: 155.61
460.475
Forces Radio and TV Service. Los Angeles, CA VHF -High: 154.83, 159.03
UHF: 453.100, 506.5875,
"I understand that the AFRTS car- 506.8125
ries a lot of sports broadcasts for serv-
icemen overseas. I've heard the pro-
grams a few times. How can I get a TV CHANNELS AND FREQUENCIES
schedule ?" Channel Video /Audio Freq. (MHz) Channel Video /Audio Freq. (MHz)
Okay, P.J., here's the scoop on 2 55.250/59.750 7 175.250/179.750
AFRTS. It is, as I'm sure most SWLs 3 61.250/65.750 8 181.250/185.750
know, a worldwide broadcasting sys- 4 67.250/71.750 9 187.250/191.750
tem, operating on shortwave. Perhaps 5 77.250/81.750 10 193.250/197.750
many listeners, however, do not know 6 83.250/87.750 11 199.250/203.750
that most of the U.S. servicemen over- 12 205.250/209.750
seas don't listen to AFRTS shortwave. 13 211.250/215.750
Shortwave is only a rather small part The UHF TV channels begin at Channel 14 (471.250/475.750 MHz) and continue with
of the AFRTS system. Most GIs, from audio and video channels six megahertz apart up to Channel 83 (888.250/889.750 MHz).
Many other countries not only use different transmitting standards (positive or negative
Greenland to Antarctica, hear local video modulation. number of scanning lines, channel width, etc.), but also have a different
AFRTS stations, most of them operat- channel arrangement. In the United Kingdom there are 14 VHF TV channels running
ing on medium waves and FM fre- from 45.000 MHz to 216.250 MHz. In much of Continental Europe there are 12 channels,
quencies for limited range transmission. 48.250 to 229.750 MHz. France has 11 channels from 52.400 to 201.700 MHz. Italy,
Russia, Morocco, Australia, New Zealand and Japan all have their own "channels" to
There are, in fact, more than 750 radio add to the confusion. So if you plan to travel abroad, forget about taking your American
and, yes, television outlets of AFRTS made portable TV with you!

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 47


America than that portrayed by the
GOmmunICATIOnS WORLD Voice of America.
As for program' schedules, P. J.,
AFRTS says it does not maintain a
VHF AND UHF FREQUENCIES USED regular, permanent mailing list for in-
BY FIREFIGHTERS dividuals. But you can write for a cur-
CITY VHF UHF rent AFRTS -W (W for Washington)
San Francisco, CA 154.28 154.43 program schedule and frequency list.
Seattle, WA 154.19 154.25 453.70 453.80 The address is: AFRTS -Washington,
154.34 1117 North 19th Street, Arlington, VA
Portland, OR 154.25 154.28 460.525 460.550
460.575 22209.
Columbus, OH 153.77 154.31 "I'm beginning to be able to identify
Salt Lake City, UT 154.31 154.34 some shortwave stations by their in-
154.43 terval or tuning signals," Jack Nellis,
Atlanta, 153.89 154.19 460.600 460.625
Denver, CO
GA
153.77 154.31 Oklahoma City, OK, writes in his letter
Chicago, IL 153.83 153.95 to CW. "There are a lot of different
154.01 154.13 interval signals, though, and sometimes
Houston, TX 153.89 154.16 I get confused. Is there a ready refer-
154.28
Little Rock, AR 153.95 ence available ?"
Kansas City, MO 154.01 154.13 458.10 462.95 An interval signal (IS) is usually a
154.28 bit of melody played by a station be-
154.235 154.37 453.15 460.575
-New Orleans, LA
460.600 460.625
fore that broadcaster begins his sched-
Dallas, TX 153.89 154.07 uled programming. The intent, of
154.22 course, is to give listeners something
Pittsburgh, PA 154.13 154.445 to tune for so they can find the station
New York, NY 153.77 153.89 460.525 460.575
154.01 460.625 460.675
before programming actually begins.
153.95
154.07 154.19 If you can read musical notations,
Los Angeles, CA 33.48 33.53 506.3125 506.6375 you can get some help from the infor-
507.0125 mation included in the annual World
Cleveland. OH 153.89 153.93
153.95
Radio TV Handbook mentioned earlier
Washington, DC 154.19 154.205 in this issue of COMMUNICATIONS
154.235 WORLD.
Baltimore, MD 154.07 154.31 Or you may order one or several of
Philadelphia, PA 153.89 153.95
154.01
the tape recordings of station interval
154.145 154.23 signals and identifications available
through the Handicapped Aid Program.
in 20 foreign countries where service- stationed at sea. The Handicapped Aid Program
men are stationed. Interestingly enough, English-speak- (HAP) is worldwide organization
The shortwave operations SWLs hear ing listeners in foreign countries also which works, purely on a voluntary
are AFRTS presentations over the tune in AFRTS shortwave. Since many basis, to promote the hobby of short-
Voice of America transmitting facilities. of the programs and features, news- wave radio broadcast listening among
These transmissions are mainly intend- casts and public service broadcasts are the physically handicapped and house-
ed for those remote areas not served lifted right from our domestic AM bound. HAP has a number of fundrais-
by local AFRTS stations, and for those radio networks, it gives foreign nation- ing projects to underwrite its work.
on U.S. Navy and Coast Guard ships als a somewhat different picture of There are three tapes in the interval
signal -identifications series. Tape 1 cov-
ers African stations; Tape 2, European
stations, and Tape 3, the stations of
Asia, the Pacific and the Americas. The
first one is priced at $3.50, the second
and third at $4 each.
They may be ordered from HAP-US,
102 Colonial Avenue, Trenton, NJ
08610. Canadians may order from Ca-
nadian HAP, c/o Ian McFarland, 6
Coolbreeze Avenue, Pt. Claire, P.Q.,
Canada H9S 5G4. Handicapped per-
sons, or those knowing any handi-
capped SWLs, may contact the same
addresses for further information qn
HAP services.
So, that wraps up our look at the
la. mail received here at COMMUNICATIONS
WORLD. I always look forward to hear-
The new broadcasting house of Radio Finland in Helsinki. Transmissions from the ing from all readers about your DXing
facility began in November 1979. The center has 35 radio studios and one interests and activities, your questions
for TV news. The master control center can handle the external shortwave service
and seven domestic and regional medium and longwave programs simultaneously.
and comments.
Some 2,300 Finnish Broadcasting Company employees are now working here. Until next time, good listening!

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


48
Directional
Antennas
for the
Shortwave
Listener
Pinpoint signals with
these professional
techniques and equipment

MOST OF US APPROACH THE JOB of


shortwave antenna installation in a
casual manner; a long piece of wire is
run away from obstructions and power
lines and as high as possible. Hams are
frequently guilty of the same sort of
cavalier attitude toward antennas: "If
it works, leave it up; if it doesn't, put
up something else."
The fact of the matter is that short-
wave receiving antennas, like other
kinds of antennas, must be properly
designed for optimum performance, and
the job is not all that difficult once we
understand a few of the underlying
principles. Fortunately, shortwave re-
ceiving antennas are far more forgiv-
ing of sloppy design than are their enter the picture, especially for trans- As an alternate solution, a very use-
transmitting counterparts. They don't mitting. From a practical standpoint. ful receiving antenna may be made from
balk at high SWR, they don't require however, tuning devices are rarely twenty feet of inexpensive mast pipe or
special insulation considerations, and necessary for receiving installations. A conduit. It is mounted vertically, right
they needn't be concerned with large properly designed receiving antenna will on a ground pipe, and insulated from
diameter conductors to accommodate work quite well over a wide frequency it by a sleeve of PVC pipe. A length of
radio frequency power. A receiving an- range, as evidenced by the reasonably coax cable (any standard type )is run
tenna is merely a conductor in the path good performance of that random from the antenna to the receiver. Single
of an arriving field of weak electro- length of wire discussed earlier. vertical elements are always omnidirec-
magnetic energy, and nothing more. Omnidirectionals. For the casual tional. Such an antenna configuration
Back To Basics. In order to intercept shortwave listener, desirable signals ar- will give an excellent accounting of it-
the RF energy efficiently, a number of rive from all points of the compass. He self throughout the shortwave spectrum.
considerations are necessary. Like trans- or she is unconcerned with the prospect Directionals. A trip to an FCC moni-
mitting antennas, some lengths of an- that two signals arriving simultaneously toring station or to an intelligence
. tenna are mre suited to certain radio on the same frequency make listening gathering electronic surveillance instal-
frequencies than others. That is to say, rather difficult. If one can't hear the lation will awe any but the most jaded
certain lengths "resonate," or reinforce, station, it's merely a move up or down listener. The Wullenweber antenna ar-
radio signals whose wavelengths are the dial for a new quarry. rays they use look like elephant com-
mathematically related to the electrical In most cases, a random wire an- pounds. Is it really necessary to take
length of the antenna wire or conduc- tenna, no more than 20 to 30 feet in such elaborate measures to improve
tor. This is why CB antennas are all length, will provide excellent worldwide shortwave reception? Certainly not.
carefully adjusted to optimize their per- reception. As with any antenna design, These electronic behemoths are designed
formance in the 27 MHz band. it should be as high as possible, and far with a very special purpose in mind: to
Unlike CB, shortwave reception is away from physical obstructions -espe- measure exact bearings on incoming
very 'much broadband, typically from 3 cially those which are metallic -and signals over wide ranges of frequencies.
to 30 MHz. This ten -to-one frequency clear of power lines. Such random an- However, we can learn a lesson from
range means that a resonant antenna is tennas may even be run at angles, fol- these sophisticated installations. With
out of the question. This is where an- lowing the contours of a roof line or proper design, an antenna can be made
tenna "tuners" or "matchboxes" often building eave. directional, and some of these designs
COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 49
Directional Antennas /Precision antennas let you zero in on signals

may be simpler than you ever dreamed. Arriving radio signals are rarely ever, offer excellent directivity and gain
The Dipole. The simplest of all di- stable targets. Only when the transmitter factors, especially in two -way usage.
rectional antennas is the dipole. Usu- is relatively close to the receiver can Log Periodics. The log periodic di-
ally center -fed by a length of coaxial the listener be assured of constant di- pole array is used extensively for world-
cable, the radiation (and reception) rectional reception. The reason for this wide communications by military and
pattern of a dipole is that of a dough- is the characteristic differences between government installations.
nut. Major receiving strength extends ground waves and sky waves. Ground While useful over a 3:1 or even 4:1
broadside to the antenna, which is rela- waves tend to travel in a straight path frequency range, the elements of these
tively insensitive to signals arriving off close to the surface of the earth, while broadband antennas are extremely large
the ends. In fact, deep nulls reject sig- sky waves are warped by the iono- at the lower shortwave frequencies.
nals exactly off the ends of the dipole, sphere, an electrically-charged layer of Some of these antennas are hundreds
making it very useful for interference our atmosphere hundreds of miles above of feet in length at major shortwave
cancellation from power lines or local us. When these waves return to Earth, communications installations! Obvi-
transmitters. Since the reception lobes they are grossly altered from their ori- ously, the most common and practical
are very board and the nulls are very ginal symetrical pattern and arrive at use of the LPDA is on VHF and UHF.
sharp, it is better to point the axis of various angles. But the picture is not as bleak as it
the antenna at the source of interfer- A true directional antenna, such as appears. There are some tricks the SWL
ence in order to reduce it, instead of that used for radio direction finding can use which provide excellent an-
worrying about the broadside bf the purposes and radio navigation, is care- tenna directivity, while utilizing small
antenna facing a particular geographical fully constructed to reject sky waves size and inexpensive construction meth-
location to favor reception. and concentrate on ground waves. Still, ods and materials.
we can suppose generally that since the The Loop. Probably the most com-
waves all started from one location, we mon directional low frequency antenna
can expect that most of the arriving is the loop. Originally developed for di-
i
signal will come from that direction, rection finding service in the maritime
/ STRONG broad as it may be. industry, a loop antenna has a figure 8
I
1

--WEAK Beams. Commonly called the "beam" pattern. Its null is at right angles to the
antenna, the Yagi -Uda array is the plane of the loop, and its maximum sig-
most common directional antenna en- nal pickup is off the ends.
countered in ham radio installations, A more recent variation on the re-

;
i TRANSMISSION
\ and it works well. Unfortunately, the
Yagi has a very narrow bandwidth of
ceiving loop is the ferrite rod loop. One
commercial unit is manufactured by
\ LINE i operation, and the lower the frequency, Palomar Engineers (Box 455, Escon-
\N // dido, CA 92025) The Palomar unit is
\ .,' '
the larger the array necessary. For this .

N.
N. the larger the array necessary. For this available with plug -in ferrite loops to
reason, Yagis are rarely used solely cover 10 kHz through 5.5 MHz. Be-
The dipole makes simplest shortwave re- countered below 14 MHz in hobby cause the loop is tiltable, skywave
ceiving antenna. Note directivity patterns. radio installations. anomalies may be greatly reduced, im-
Quads. Large and ungainly, the cubi- proving the directivity of the device.
cal quad is popular among hams and The Palomar loop antenna also has
CBers. The basic rules of Yagi element a built -in amplifier. This is important
spacing apply to the quad. Like the for two reasons: the short antenna
Yagi, it is not practical as a shortwave doesn't capture much signal, and the
MAXIMUM % I MAXIMUM receiving-only antenna, due to its size, impedance of a loop is very low, mak-
complexity and fragility. It does, how- ing a poor match when connected di-

Standard loop antenna is simple and easy


to build. Sometimes used in mobile DFing.
Active antennas have
STANDARD FERRITE LOOPSTICK
a certain appeal. They

OM"
SO-239 '
l 1NM have a built -in preamp
arrangement that am-
plifies the signal in
the line. They do a
o, SPOT
good job in rejecting
electrical interference.
365pF

Schematic for simple loopstick antenna.


See text and box for further instructions.

50 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


Q from the top of the box all the way
down to the holes. This will provide a
Faraday shield to reduce the capacitive
effects of nearby objects on the pattern
20' METAL PIPE of the loop, as well as serve as a mount-
ing area for the ferrite rod. Be sure to
leave room for the switch, jack, and
tuning capacitor.
PVC INSULATION
Cut and drill additional holes to allow
SLEEVE for mounting of the variable tuning
capacitor, SO -239 chassis connector,
range switch, and any mounting bracket
TV U BOLTS for a handle or brace.
In actual operation, the range switch
COAX TO RECEIVER selects the tuning range of the antenna,
and the 365 -pF tuning capacitor peaks
the incoming signal. When properly
adjusted, the ferrite loop directional TO RECEIVER -
4' GROUNDS I- _
antenna will exhibit a very sharp null
when pointed like a gun barrel at the This is the way a completed loopstick an-
PIPE
tenna should look. It's a good little unit.
source of the signal. It makes a good
- r-- direction $nding antenna for locating 4' TO 6'
_
- -t - hidden transmitters anywhere in the
shortwave spectrum.
The same hazards associated with un-
I" PINE
i
TUBULAR
ALUMINUM

A good ground connection is a must for


predictable readings from skywaves, as
shortwave reception. Helps in storms, too. mentioned earlier, still apply. Readings 6

are best when sources are close, and


when operating frequencies are low.
Tilting the antenna up or down will fre- LIGHT
rectly to a receiver.
A Homebrew Loop. For the home ex-
quently enhance the sharp directivity of
the loop and increase accuracy on bear-
el T V ANTENNA
ROTOR
I
perimenter, a ferrite rod loop antenna ings. This is the same technique used
may be easily constructed once the with the Palomar unit.
materials are located. The experimenter Active Antennas. In an effort to over-
will need a standard ferrite rod about come the lack of appeal of large an-
seven -inches long, two rubber grommets tennas for maximum signal pickup, the
to fit over the rod, a small aluminum idea of a built-in preamplifier sounds
utility box, an SPDT switch, a minia- attractive. In fact, several manufac- The Datong Active Antenna, Model AD-
ture 365 -pF variable capacitor, a few turers now offer short receiving an- 170 fits within dipole antenna elements!
feet of insulated hookup wire, and an tennas which detect only a small
SO -239 female coax connector. amount of energy and amplify it, send-
The ferrite rod is wound tightly at its ing a husky signal to the receiver. Often, or mount the loop low enough.
center with a single layer of cotton - these antennas may be mounted in such A better approach is the use of a
covered hookup wire. Start by leaving a way as to null out electrical interfer- broadband antenna. Experimentally, we
about four -inches of wire as a begin- ence, favoring the desirable signals. tried a waterproofed version of Da-
ning pigtail (this will be the ground Among the more prominent manu- tong's popular AD -170. It is capable of
lead). After one turn, twist tightly to- facturers of active (or voltage probe) continuous 70 kHz to 70 MHz perform-
gether another four inches of wire; this antennas are: MFJ Enterprises, P.O. ance. It comes from the factory with
will be the output link. Resume wind- Box 494, Mississippi State, MS 39762; wire leads for its dipole elements.
ing another single turn and twist tightly Datong, available from Gilfer Associ- By mounting the preamplifier against
together another four inches of wire; ates, P.O. Box 239, Park Ridge, NJ a sturdy wood or plastic brace, and re-
this lead will go to one side of the fre- 07656; and McKay Dymek Co., 111 S. placing the wire elements with two
quency range switch. Resume winding College Ave., P.O. Box 5000, Clare- lengths of self- supporting alumium tub-
again until another 13 turns have been mont, CA 91711. ing at least four -feet long per leg, the
completed bringing the total to 15 Antenna Rotation. Most antennas can assembly makes a good rotatable direc-
turns. Leave about four -inches of pig- be rotated, even those monsters used tional shortwave antenna. The problem
tail to be connected to the other side by the miliatry services. But most of us of skywaves distorting arriving waves
of the frequency range switch. have a balanced budget, and are con- will still ma,ke true directivity a little
Tape the coil down firmly against the cerned about deficit spending. For those difficult to obtain.
rod to hold it in place. Slip a rubber reasons, as well as the possibility of Conclusion. While any hunk of wire
grommet over each end of the rod to partially rotating the house under the is theoretically capable of intercepting
act as a cushion when it is fitted in antenna, we shall confine our discussion radio energy, a little planning can make
place in the aluminum box. to small directional antennas. a big difference. By analyzing the re-
Drill two holes through opposite sides The trouble with the remote position- quirements of your particular receiving
of the utility box to accommodate the ing of the ferrite loop is its inaccess- installation, an antenna can be designed
rubber grommets. With a hacksaw, cut ability for tuning. The listener must be and installed with expectations 'of ex-
a slot the width of the grommet holes satisfied with a narrow frequency range, cellent performance.

UOMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1y51 51


55
Keeping a
Shortwave
News Log
AT MIDNIGHT GM T ON TUESDAY, Jan -
uary 23, 1973, the World Service Record the flow
of the British Broadcasting Corporation of current
announced that, Lyndon Baines John- history
son, 36th President of the United States,
had passed away at his home near John-
son City, Texas. On Friday, August 9,
1974, at 1500 hours GMT, station
CFRX in Toronto, Ontario, Canada,
stated that within one hour Gerald R.
Ford would become President of the
United States.
On Wednesday, March 26, 1975, at
0100 GMT, HCJB in Quito, Ecuador,
reported that King Faisal of Saudi Ara-
bia, while holding court in Riyadh, had
been assassinated by his nephew, Prince
Musad. Where did I get this informa-
tion? Did I write to broadcasters and
ask when and how they had reported
various historical events? Did I travel
to England and take notes while peer- time, date, and frequency columns. The hear. Recent notations in my log in-
ing over the shoulders of the profes- Gilfer forms are pre -punched to fit in clude such things as: "200 dead in
sional SWL's at the BBC's Caversham a three -hole, loose -leaf notebook. Othe' Yugoslav earthquake;" "Whereabouts
Park monitoring station? companies also market logging mate of Amin still a mystery;" and "U.S.
The answer to both these questions rials, or they can easily be made at ends economic aid to Pakistan over
is "no." To obtain the facts that open home using ruler and pen or pencil. nuclear development." Each notation
this article, I merely looked in my log Simple receiving equipment is fre- fits nicely into the four- and -three-quar-
books, located in my den, in my house. quently enough to pursue this "spinoffs' ter -inch "Program /Contact" space on
Keeping track of the opening stories of hobby. Radio Canada International, a Gilfer LS -1 logging sheet.
shortwave news programs has become Radio Nederland, Deutsche Welle, The listener will soon nave his or her
a "hobby- within-a- hobby" for me. HCJB, and other stations that send own personal chronicle of war, disaster,
Log Sheets. Compiling a "news -log" strong signals into North America, be- pestilence, revolution -all the occur-
is an easy task. Using commercially pre- gin their transmissions with newscasts. rences that comprise the news of the
pared logging pages, such as those pro- These broadcasts can usually be heard day. It's often fascinating to examine
vided lly Gilfer Shortwave, in Park on inexpensive portable receivers. the stories various stations use to open
Ridge, NJ, the listener has a few inches If you don't make your letters too their newscasts and compare them with
of space in every line to make notes large, you'll have space to jot a few items carried by other broadcasters.
on. This is in addition to the usual brief notes about every newscast you Also, hearing one story as reported by

1140

This modern building near Hilversum, Holland houses newsroom From this flurry of activity in the BBC newsroom comes the best
and production studios of Radio Nederland, a popular broadcaster. in international news coverage. The BBC has no peer in the field.

52 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


several sources can often contribute to cent events occurred. All they need do
the listener's understanding of it. is consult their own listening post logs.
The record will include more than Stories that develop over a long peri-
world events. Hearing what a foreign od of time, such as the events leading
shortwave broadcaster says about hap- to the resignation of Richard Nixon,
penings in your own country is fre- can be examined later to find out what
quently a good way to get information happened in a daily parade of historical
about your nation's domestic affairs. occurrences.
Following another country's "local" By writing just a few words during
stories from day to day can be intri- each news program he or she hears, the
guing, too. Election campaigns are ex- SWL will soon have a readily available
amples of this type of story, as are re- volume of recent world history. And,
ports of natural disasters. How Darwin, the longer the listener keeps such rec-
Australia, recovered from the cyclone ords, the greater the time period cov-
that devastated it on Christmas Day, ered by this individualized history book.
1974 was captivating news. Gilfer Shortwave will send its catalog
Student SWLs preparing papers cars to anyone who writes. The adutess is
have knowledge of precisely when re- Box'239, Park Ridge NJ 07656.

.,..1...:...b. woreNlM
..,..i.i Is..6 sw-4A, et-.reA ^"
. Ul ('.ew.}f"-k-.XSA'^
News log forms like
this one are available
from Gilfer Shortwave, _..
or you can make them ... ,A M..a s i e q.M, ..., ..>...
,
".7,....::',,
IR1mM1577.TZa.Ann1
up on your own. rivnimm+rwrinwrri eindemnrr mdaismom
fRT.'Ir'.rRRIPiimmeTfLirltlAllh.IIIC7we1os7we,7mmo
Keeping them in some
sort of binder gives
,

wililietii.intimi
rnemne;rmi:r:rawmrinnrg
rrime:mirrmirmnnrmeraiwwwrorrarwwno.m
you an ongoing col-
lection of world events
armilelrumrt'.rrannnallwr!1rwerrraimmesmi
waa+rimxnncmplrawrorrutnnreommewirmimorw
IIRI.+V MIIMartannrer
rllretirCtr;MIIII7IRrannn
wiar
frMRIMININ
that can be reviewed rrnwirraramrawrrannaeue
remmemonmorrannouprizon
and updated as events mumirncsrr.}amiet3aettenriarswkeevwrra.
rnmermreacrinr+en7arleenmearrr+mry
develop & take shape. anr.nmormortsncinranropitavomprmismm
ra!!eraMnrPRar.Mrrrrnnir*w.r
nr!1nmR+rt.art'anrin .. lilliMilrrntOer+=r
.

' r
rIRr.167r;=11c71.111111rt'arinArll!PIPaRMlF
111111111114WIWIMIIIIMICIFNIMPOMIWINIUMMINIMINI
4.. IS1L ce 3 4 .
.!.. i.tZt33_,...

..,........,...
The new home of Deutsc lie Welle, German
shortwave service, will be built in Cologne.
COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 53
HIGH-PERFORMANCE and simple con-
trols rarely go together and a choice
between the two is usually made by the
perspective buyer.
However, if design and manufactur-
ing costs go into convenience features
loading up the front panel with con-
trols, switches and other gizmos, there's
not much left for performance. Yet per-
formance is the most important thing
and the Kenwood R -1000 Communica-
tions Receiver is a good example of
what it's all about.
The R -1000 is a line -powered digital -
readout communications receiver for
AM /SSB /CW covering the frequency
range of 200 kHz to 30 MHz. Tuning
is through a band selector stepping in
increments of 1 MHz and a variable 0 -1
MHz main tuning dial.
Though it is possible to read the
main tuning dial to an accuracy of 5
KENWOOD R-1000
kHz (because the dial is calibrated in
10 kHz increments), the tuned fre-
quency is precisely indicated by a digi-
COMMUNICATIONS
tal readout (to 1 kHz). Both the MHz
and kHz values are indicated by the
readout; there is no interpolation. RECEIVER
A Talking Clock. The frequency read- A top -of- the -line AM /SSB /CW receiver
out can be used as an electronic clock
and timer that turns the receiver on and
off at selected times. 75 ohms coaxial. A switch on the rear and was approximately -!-1 kHz until
The digital readout can be switched apron presets the 1000 ohm or coaxial after 30 minutes or so. Actually, from
between the frequency and time modes antenna connection for use above 2 a cold start the Kenwood R -1000 could
without affecting the tuning adjustment. MHz. (Remember, the band selector stay on top of AM and SSB signals,
Receiver operating controls, in addi- selects a high frequency antenna or an requiring but slight tuning correction
tion to those required for setting the MW antenna; the user determines which until the receiver settled down.
clock /timer, are: AF volume, AF tone, of the two HF SW antennas to use.) Perhaps the best part is that recep-
antenna RF attenuator in steps of 0/ The antenna signal from any antenna tion is exceptionally clean, even from
20/40/60 dB, band selector, main tun- passes through an RF attenuator and the internal speaker. The AM broad-
ing, noise blanker on -off, AM with wide then to a bandpass filter, of which cast band reception was very clean,
selectivity, AM with narrow selectivity, there are six. Diode switches, activated with no trace of cross -modulation over-
upper SSB, and lower SSB /CW. That's by the band selector switch, determine load. Overall, excellent performance.
it. There are no unnecessary controls. which bandpass filter is used. There are The R -1000 is housed in- a metal
Tuning is controlled through quartz - no tuning circuits for the RF amplifier cabinet 12.75 inches wide x 4.5 inches
locked VCOs (voltage controlled oscil- -the bandpass filters do it all. high x 8.6 inches deep. It is provided
lators) in a PLL (phase-locked loop). Switching Diodes. There are no RF with a carrying handle /tilt bracket and
Four VCOs selected by the band select- handswitches to go out of whack; every- a plug in linecord. All rear connections
or switch heterodyne the received sig- thing is diode switched, which is noise- are recessed so the receiver can be
nal to 48.055 MHz, which is then less. Similarly, there are no RF tuning
, stood up without causing damage to
heterodyned to the second IF frequency circuits to fiddle with while tuning for rear apron jacks and plugs. There are
of 455 kHz. A VFO. (variable fre- weak stations. The selected frequency also mounting feet on the rear spacing
quency oscillator) tunes between 5.545 is received at maximum sensitivity. the receiver from the nearest wall when
MHz -4.545 MHz. It provides a first As supplied by Kenwood, the selec- used on a table or desk.
conversion local oscillator output of tivity provided by the three second IF The rear apron has spring -loaded
48 -78 MHz through mixing in the PLL. mechanical filters is 12 kHz for AM press -fit terminals for high impedance
Three Antenna Inputs. There are WIDE, 6 kHz for AM NARROW, and antenna connections and ground, a
three antenna inputs: one for MW 2.7 kHz for SSB /CW. This ,arrange- UHF coaxial antenna jack, a remote
(medium wave), the remaining two for ment permits excellent reception of AM speaker jack, a remote control (DIN)
SW (shortwave). The MW antenna in- broadcast signals (AM WIDE), aver- jack, powercord receptacle, covered
put impedance is 1000 -ohms (for long - age reception of AM and SW broadcast port for optional remote control con-
wire antennas) and is automatically signals, and of course, super-selective nector, fuse, powerline voltage selector,
switched in for frequencies under 2 SSB /CW reception. and SW antenna select switch (long -
MHz. The frequencies above 2 MHz Good Stability. Frequency stability is wire or coaxial).
are automatically switched in from the 2 kHz from 1 -60 minutes from power The Kenwood R -1000 Communica-
SW antenna inputs. on, and 300 Hz maximum every 30 tions Receiver is priced at $499.95.
One SW input is 1000 ohms, again minutes. The frequency stability-settled For more information circle No. 80 on
for longwire antennas, the other is 50- down quickly in about 10 -15 minutes the Readers Service Coupon.

54 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


CW PROFILES THE...

Avanti AV 801
Scanner Antenna
This tri -band antenna covers from 25 to 512 MHz

YOU READ CORRECTLY! This article is ment was only one city block away, and
an installation and use report on they everything else was less than one quarter
Avanti Astro Scan AV -801 triband of a mile away. With signal strengths at
monitor Antenna by this anonymous a maximum, it was a wonder that the
reviewer who, alas, learned he was not antenna itself did not glow red.
so hot. You see, the story starts with The awakening came when a friend
a 11/2-foot length of fine stainless steel told me of a police stake -out frequency
mounted on a piece of plexiglass and that worked night -time only just above
loaded directly into a coaxial cable of 450 MHZ. Try as I may, I could not
unknown impedance, but inexpensive hear them even when my budd con-
brand. While connected to a half dozen firmed their existence by placing his
different monitors and scanners during telephone mike next to his scanner's
the past few years, this inexpensive and loudspeaker. He was pulling it in and I
simple antenna pulled in the cops, fire, wasn't. Goodbye to that simple stainless
ambulance, commuter railroad, etc., steel thing -a -ma -jib.
with no difficulty. The police precinct Up went the Avanti Tri -band monitor
was only five city blocks away, the antenna AV -801 which can pull in 25-
thoroughfare used by the fire depart- 50 MHZ, 140 -174 MHZ, and 450 -512
MHZ (includes the new "T" band).
If you had watched me doing it and
At left is the Avan- blinked twice-you would have missed
ti 801 antenna in- the whole installation. Assembly was
stalled, with all its done at street level. All parts were
elements for multi -
bolted together with mast mounts at- CIRCLE 36 ON READER SERVICE COUPON
band reception in
view. Longer ele- tached. I was using an old TV mast
ments low frequen- which was secured on the roof to the the rig on the antenna at once.
cy, short for high. chimney by the usual brackets. Whamo, I heard stations, base and
I went up to the roof with a bucket mobile alike I never suspected existed.
of tools, tape, RG -58/U cable, and Surprise No. 1 was that amateur 6 -meter
the AV -801. In all honesty, if it were reception was good. And no wonder,
not for picture- taking time, the AV -801 the high -frequency section of the an-
would have been up in 15 minutes in- tenna is a co- inductive 5/8 wave Astro
cluding cleanup. I did the whole in- plane with 4.4 -dBi gain. The VHF
stallation myself mainly because the section is effectively a half -wave dipole
total weight of the antenna is only 21/4 - with 2.1 -dBi gain. Up in UHF country
pounds. All tubes and plates are alu- an 11/4 -wave collinear provides 3.3 -dBi
minum. Only the small solid rods are gain. Antenna matching to the line in-
stainless steel. dicated more signal was lost in the
But watch out, haste can make cable than to any mismatch. That's
trouble. Check that there are no over- good for the antenna, but bad for the
head high voltage wires, or, should the line. So I cut 22 feet of coax out to re-
antenna mast topple be sure it would duce HF losses. At the low end using
not fall on high voltage lines near the 27 -MHz, the SWR was 1.13 and that's
house. I sprayed some clear lacquer darn good. There's no reason for you,
on the coaxial connector, hopefully as it was for me, not to expect an ex-
sealing out moisture. The same spray ceptional increase in monitor /scanner
was used on the hardware threads as performance with the addition of the
The warning means
a safety lock and also to retard corro- Avanti AV-801. It's reasonably priced
exactly what it says!
Contact with volt- sion. The antenna site is near the at $34.95, and with the added cost of
age carrying wires sea, and salt air does pit alumminum, a new mast, coax cable and 2 standoffs,
can result in elec- I couldn't wait to tie the Avanti AV- the total cost was a bargain that fit
trocution. Check 801 into my Bearcat. I didn't even cut hobby budget. For more information,
for wires in the vi- back the excess footage on the 50 -ft circle No. 36 on the Reader Service
cinity beforehand. long RG -58/U, for I wanted to get pre -paid post card.

55
iL RADIO LOG
AN UP-TO -DATE DIRECTORY OF NORTH AMERICAN AM, FM, AND TV STATIONS
INCLUDING A SPECIAL SECTION OF WORLDWIDE SHORTWAVE STATIONS

U.S. AM STATIONS BY FREQUENCY

Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P.


Call Location W.P.
5000r WVOG New Orleans, LA 1000d WNEG Toccoa, GA 5000
WVMI Biloxi, MS
540 -555.5 KGRT Las Cruces. NM 50000 WFST Caribou, ME 5000d
5000
KIDO Boise, ID
WLAP Lexington, KY
5000
5000r
KVIP Redding. CA 10000 WMCA New York, NY 5000 WCAO Baltimore, MD
5000 WBDN Escanaba. Mi 1000d KTIB Thibodaux, LA 500d
WGTO Cypress Gardens, FL 50000, WSYR Syracuse, NY
WWNC Asheville, NC 5000 WTAC Flint, MI 1000r KDWB Minneapolis -
WDAK Columbus. GA 5000, 5000
KGEZ Kalllspell, MT 5000r St. Paul, MN
KWMT Ft. Dodge, IA 5000d WKBN Youngstown, OH 5000
5000
WNAX Yankton, SD 5000 WCVP Murphy. NC 1000d KXOK St. Louis, MO
KNOE Monroe, LA 5000, 5000 KGVW Belgrade, MT 10000
WFAA Dallas -Ft. Worth, TX 5000 WSJS Winston- Salem, NC
WDMV Pocomoke City, MD 5000 KSJB Jamestown, ND 5000 KOH Reno, NV 5000r
KNMX Las Vegas, NM 50000 KLUB Sall Lake City, UT 5000 50Od
KVI Seattle, WA 5000 WSOM Salem, OH S00tl KLEA Lovington, NM
WETC Wendell- Zebulon, NC 5000d 1000d WIRC Hickory, NC 10000
250d WMAM Peshtlgo, WI 250r WFRM Coudersport, PA
WARD Canonsburg. PA 1000 WMFD Wilmington, NC 1000
WYNN Florence, SC 250d WAEL Mayaguez, PR
WREC Memphis, TN 5000 KWRO Coquille, OR 50000
WDXN Clarksville. TN 1000d
10000
580 -516.9 KROD El Paso. TX 5000 WEJL Scranton, PA 50Od
KNAK Delta. UT WOBS San Juan, PR 5000
1000d WBIL Tuskegee, AL 500d KERB Kermit, TX 1000d
WRIC Richlands, VA WPRO Providence, RI 5000
WYLO Jackson. WI 250d KYUK Bethel, AK 5000 KTBB Tyler. TX 1000
KMJ Fresno. CA 5000 WVAR Rlchwood, WV 10000 KMAC San Antonio, TX 5000
KUBC Montrose, CO 5000r KSXX Sandy, UT 1000r
550 -545.1 WDBO Orlando, FL 5000 610 -491.5 KGDN Edmonds, WA 5000r
WGAC Augusta. GA 500Or KZUN Opportunity, WA 1000d
KENI Anchorage, AK 5000
5000r
5000r KFXD Nampa. ID 5000 WSGN Birmingham, AL
KOY Phoenix, AZ
KAFY Bakersfield, CA 1000 WILL Urbana. IL 5000d KARV Russellville, AR
KAVL Lancaster, CA 1000r
640 -468.5
KRAI Craig, CO 5000r KSAC Manhattan, KS 5000r
5000 KFRC San Francisco. CA 5000 KFI Los Angeles, CA 5000
WAYR Orange Park, FL 10O0d WIBW Topeka, KS
WSNG Torrington. CT 10O0r WOI Ames, IA 5000d
WGGA Gainesville, GA 5000r KALB Alexandria. LA 5000
1000d
WTAG Worcester, MA 5000 WIOD Miami, FL 5000 WHLO Akron, OH
KMVI Walluku, HI 5000 10000
WTCM Traverse City, MI 2500r WHYM Pensacola, FL 500d WNAD Norman. OK
KFRM Salina, KS 5000d
WCBI Columbus, MS 1000r KANA Anaconda, MT 1000d WCEH Hawklnsvllle, GA 5000
KSD St. Louis, MO 5000 WAGR Lumberton. NC 500d KUAM Agana, GU
WRUS Russellville, KY
100Or
500d
650-461.3
KBOW Butte, MT 5000r WKSK W. Jefferson NC 1000d
KDAL Duluth, MN 5000 KYAK Anchorage, AK 50000r
WGR Buffalo, NY 5000 KCMX Ashland, OR 1000
KORL Honolulu, HI 10000
WDLV Pinehunt, NC WHP Harrisburg, PA 5000 WDAF Kansas City, MO 5000
KOJM Havre, MT 1000 WSM Nashville, TN 50000
KFYR Bismarck, ND 5000 WKAO San Juan. PR 5000 KIKK Pasadena, TX 250d
5000r KOBH Hot Springs, SD 5000 KCSR Chadron, NE 100Od
WKRC Cincinnati, OH
WOFE Rockwood, TN 1000d WGIR Manchester, NH 5000r
KOAC Corvallis, OR
WHLM Bloomsburg, PA
5000
1000 KRLB Lubbock, TX 500d KRKE Alburquerque, NM 5000 660 -454.3
WLES Lawrenceville, VA 5000 WAYS Charlotte, NC 5000r
WPAB Ponce, PR 5000
5000 KFAR Fairbanks, AK 10000
1000r WCHS Charleston, WV 5000 WTVN Columbus, OH 1000d
WGNG Pawtucket RI WIP Philadelphie, PA 5000 KCRO Omaha, NE
KCRS Midland, TX 5000, WKTY LaCrosse, WI 5000 WNBC New York, NY 50000
KILT Houston, TX 5000 10000d
KTSA San Antonio, TX 5000
KVNU Logan, UT 5000r WESC Greenville, SC
WDEV Waterbury. VT 5000r
5000r
590 -508.2 WSLC Roanoke, VA 500Or KSKY Dallas. TX 10000d
WSVA Harrisonburg, VA 5000
WRAG Caroliton, AL 1000d WHPL Winchester. VA
KARI Blaine, WA
WSAU Wausau, WI
500Or
5000 KHAR Anchorage, AK 5000 KONA Kennewick, WA 5000 670 -447.5
KBHS Hot Springs, AR 5000d KDLG Dillingham, AK 5000
560 -535.4
KFXM San Bernardino, CA 1000
KTHO South Lake Tahoe, CA 2500r
620 -483.8 KPUA Hilo, HI 5000
50000r
KBOI Bolse, ID
5000d KCSJ Pueblo, CO 1000 KTAR Phoenix, AZ 5000
WMAO Chicago, IL 50000
WOOF Dothan. AL KNGS Hanford, CA 1000
KVOK Kodiak, AK 1000 WDLP Panama City, FL 1000
KWSD Mt. Shasta, CA 1000d
KBLU Yuma, AZ
KSFO San Francisco, CA
1000
5000r
WPLO Atlanta, GA
KSSK Honolulu, HI
5000
KSTR Grand Junction, CO 500Od 680 -440.9
5000 KID Idaho Falls. ID 5000r WSUN St. Petersburg, FL 5000 KBRW Barrow, AK 10000r
KLZ Denver. CO WTRP LaGrange, GA 100Od
WOAM Miami. FL 5000r WRTH Wood River. IL 1000 KNBR San Francisco, CA 50000
WIND Chicago, IL 5000 WVLK Lexington, KY 5000r KIPA Hilo, HA 5000 WWBA St. Petersburg, FL 100Od
WEEI Boston, MA 5000 KWAL Wallace, ID 1000 WRNG North Atlanta, GA 25000r
WMIK Middlesboro, KY 500d
WJMS Ironwood, MI 5000r KMNS Sioux City, IA 1000 WCTT Corbin, KY 1000
WGAN Portland, ME 5000
WKZO Kalamazoo, MI 5000 WTMT Louisville. KY 5000 WCBM Baltimore, MD 1O000r
WFRB Frostburg, MD 5000d
5000r KGLE Glendlve, MT 5000 WLBZ Bangor, ME 5000 WRKO Boston, MA 50000
WHYN Springfield, MA 5000r
5000 WOW Omaha, NE 5000 WJDX Jackson, MS WDBC Escanaba, MI 10000r
WHND Monroe. MI WVNJ Newark, NJ 5000
WEBC Duluth, MN 5000 WROW Albany, NY 5000r KFEO St. Joseph, MO 5000
WCAB Ruthertordton, NC 500d WHEN Syracuse, NY 5000r KWKA Clovis, NM 500
KWTO Springfield, MO 5000
WDNC Durham, NC 5000r
KMON Great Falls, MT 5000 WGTM Wilson, NC 5000 WINR Binghamton, NY 1000r
KUGN Eugene. OR 5000r KGW Portland, OR 5000 WNYR Rochester, NY 250d
WCKL Catskill. NY 1000d
1000r WARM Scranton, PA 5000 WHJB Greensburg, PA 2500r WPTF Raleigh, N.C. 50000
WGAI Elizabeth. NC WCAY Cayce. SC 500d
WFIL Philadelphia, PA 5000 WMBS Uniontown. PA 1000 WRGC Sylva, NC 10004
5000 KLBJ Austin, TX 5000r WRJZ Knoxville, TN 5000 WISR Butler, PA 250d
WIS Columbia, SC
5000r KSUB Cedar City, UT 5000r KWFT Wichita Falls, TX 5000 WAPA San Juan, PR 10000
WHBO Memphis. TN WVMT Burlington, VT 5000
KLVI Beaumont. TX 5000 WLVA Lynchburg, VA 1000 WMPS Memphis, TN 10000r
KHO Spokane, WA 5000 WWNR Beckley, WV 1000r KKYX San Antonio, TX 50000r
KPO Wenatchee, WA 5000
WTMJ Milwaukee, WI 5000 KOMW Omak, WA 50000
WJLS Beckley, WV 5000r
600 -499.7 630 -475.9
WCAW Charleston, WV 50000r
570 -526.0 WIRB Enterprise, AL 1000d 690 -434.5
5000r KCLS Flagstaff. AZ 5000r WAVU Albertville, AL 1000d
WAAX Gadsden, AL WJDB Thomasville, AL 100Od WVOK Birmingham, AL 50O0Od
KCNO Alturas, CA 50000 KNYO Independence, CA 500d 1000r
KJNO Juneau. AK 1000r KEOS Flagstaff, AZ
KLAC Los Angeles. CA 5000 K500 Redding, CA 1000
1000d KEVT Tucson, AZ 250d
500 KOGO San Diego, CA 5000 KVMA Magnolia, AR
WPLP Pinellas Park, FL KIDD Monterey, CA 1000 KBBA Benton, AR 250d
WACL Waycross. GA 5000r KIIX Ft. Collins, CO 5000d 2500
1000r KNOW Denver, CO 5000 KAPI Pueblo, CO
KATB Agana, GU 5000 WICC Bridgeport, CT WADS Ansonia, CT 1000d
WAIV Jacksonville, FL WMAL Washington, DC 5000
WKYX Paducah, KY 1000r 5000 WAPE Jacksonville, FL 50000r
5000r WMT Cedar Rapids, IA 5000 WKBX Savannah, GA
WGMS Bethesda, MD

Abbreviations used in this list: kHz -frequency in kilohertz; MHz -frequency in megahertz; W.P. -power in watts;
d- daytime operation only; r- reduced power at night; n- nighttime power; C.L. or Call -call letters or call sign;
on the air as of
Chan. or Ch. -TV channel number. Wavelength is given in meters. Listing indicates stations
September 29, 1980.

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


56
U.S. AM STATIONS BY FREQUENCY
Call Location W. P. Call Location W. P. Call Location W. P. Call Location W.P.

KKUA Honolulu, HI 10000 WHEB Portsmouth, NH 1000d WYRE Annapolis, MD 250d WCBS New York, NY 50000
KBLI Blackfoot, ID 1000d KSEO Durant,OK 250d WSJC Magee, MS 50000r WRRZ Clinton, NC 10000
KGGF Coffeyville, KS 10000, KXL Portland.OR 500000 WJPW Rockford, MI 5000 WRFD Worthington, OH 5000d
WTIX New Orleans, LA 10000, WPDX Clarksburg, WV 10000 KCMO Kansas City, MO 5000Or
KTCR Minneapolis. MN
KSTL St. Louis, MO
500d
1000d 760 -394.5
KAFE Santa Fe, NM
WGY Schenectady. NY
500Od
50000
890 -336.9
KEYR Terrytown, NE 1000d WKBC N.Wilkesboro, NC 10000 WLS Chicago. IL 50000
KRCO Prineville, OR 1000d KFMB San Diego, CA 5000 WCEC Rocky Mount, NC 10000 WHNC Henderson, NC 1000d
WYIS Phoenixville. PA 10000 KGU Honolulu, HI 10000 WEDO McKeesport, PA 100Od KBYE Okla. City. OK 1000d
KUSD Vermillion, SD 1000d WJR Detroit, MI 50000 WKVM San Juan, PR 50000
KHEY El Paso, TX WCPS Tarboro. NC
KPET Lamesa. TX
10000
250 WORA Mayaguez. PR
10000
5000
WOIZ St. George, SC
KBHB Sturgis. SD
50000 900 -333.1
50000
KZEY Tyler, TX 10000 WCTA Alamo, TN 2500 WATV Birmingham, AL 1300d
WZAP Bristol. VA
WNNT Warsaw, VA
10000d 770 -389.4 WMTS Murfreesboro, TN 50000 WGOK Mobile, AL
WOZK Ozark. AL
1000d
1000d
250d KBSN Crane, TX 1000d
WELD Fisher, WV 500d KUOM Mlnneapolis,MN 5O00d KFRB Fairbanks, AK 10000
WPED Crozet, VA 500d
WAGO Oshkosh. WI 250d WCAL Northfield. MN 5000d WDMP Dodgeville, WI KHOZ Harrison, AR 100Od
WEW SI. Louis. MO 25Od
10000 WJJO Tomahawk. Wl KBIF Fresno, CA 10O0d
KOB Albuquerque, NM 100000
KGRB West Covina, CA
700 -428.3 WABC New York, NY
50000 50Od

KBYR Anchorage. AK 1000 KXA Seattle, WA


50000
10000 820 -365.6 WJWL Georgetown. DE
WSWN Belle Glade, FL
1000d
1000d
WLW Cincinnati, OH 50000 KFRB Fairbanks, AL 10000r WMOP Ocala. FL 50000
780 -384.4 WAIT Chicago, IL 5000d WJTH Calhoun, GA 10000
710 -422.3 KNOM Nome, AK 1000Or
WIKY Evansville, IN
WOSU Columbus, OH
2500
5000d
WBML Macon, GA
WEAS Savannah, GA
250d
5000d
WKRG Mobile, AL 1000, WBBM Chicago, IL 50000 WBAP Ft. Worth. TX KNUI Kahului, HI 5000
50000
KAPZ Bald Knob, AR 250d WJAG Norfolk, NE 10000 KSGL Wichita, KS 2500
KCRL Reno. NV
KMPC Los Angeles, CA
KERE Denver, CO
50000r
5000 WCKB Dunn, NC
50000
10000 830 -361.2 WFIA Loulsvllle, KY
WLSI Pikeville, KY
1000d
5000d
KFIA Carmichael, CA 250 WBBO Forest City, NC 1000d KIKI Honolulu, HI 10000 KREH Oakdale, LA 250d
WGBS Miami. FL 50000 KSPI Stillwater, OK 250d WCCO Minneapolis -St. Paul, MN WKXA Brunswick, ME 1000d
WUFF Eastman, GA 1000d WAGS Arlington, VA 1000d 50000 WBYA Laurel, MD 10000
WROM Rome, GA 1000d KBOA Kennett. MO 10000 WATC Gaylord, MI 10030
KEEL Shreveport. LA 50000 790 -379.5 WNYC New York, NY 500000 KT'S Minneapolis, MN 2500d
WEPA Euporo, MS 2500d WDDT Greenville, MS 1000d
WTSK Tuscaloosa, AL 2500d
WHB Kansas City, MO 10000, KFAL Fulton,M0
WOR New York, NY 50000
KCAM Glennallen, AK
KURM Rogers, AR
5000 840 -356.9 KJSK Columbus. NE
100Od
100Od
500d
WZOO Asheboro, NC 1000d KCEE Tucson. AZ WMOB Mobile, AL 1000d WBRV Boonville, NY 1000d
WEGG Rose Hill. NC 250d 5000,
KOSY Texarkana, AR 1000, WRYM New Britain, CT 1000d WKAJ Saratoga Springs, NY 250d
WKJB Mayaguez, PR 5000r KXOR Clovis, CA WHAS Louisville, KY 50000 WKIK Granite Falls, NC 5000
5000
WOKI St. Matthews, SC 1000d KEKA Eureka, CA WVPO Stroudsburg. PA 250d WAYN Rockingham, NC 1000d
WTPR Paris, TN 50000
250d KABC Los Angeles, CA WXEW Yabucoa. PR 5000 WIAM Wllllamston, NC 1000d
5000
KGNC Amarillo, TX 10000 WLBE Leesburg, FL WNYN Canton, OH 50Od
5000r
KURV Edinburg, TX
WOBX Blacksburg. VA 10000d
250 WNWS South Miami, FL 5000 850 -352.7 WFRO Fremont, OH
WCPA Clearfield, PA
500d
10O0d
WPFA Pensacola, FL 10000
KIRO Seattle, WA 50000 WYDE Birmingham, AL 50000r WFLN Philadelphia, PA 100Od
WOXI Atlanta, GA 50O0r
WDSM Superior. WI 10000r WYNR Brunswick, GA
KICY Nome, AK 10000 WKXV Knoxville, TN 1000d
50Od KGKO Benton. AR 1000d WCOR Lebanon, TN 500d
WGRA Cairo, GA 10000
720 -416.4 KKON Kealekekua, HI 5000
KGOE Thousand Oaks, CA
KOA Denver, CO
500
50000
KALT Atlanta, TX
KIKR Couroe, TX
1000d
KSPD Boise, ID 10000 500d
KOTZ Kotzebue, AK 5000 WVFR Ridgefield, CT 1000d KFBA Floydada, TX 2500
KUAI Eleele. HI 5000 KBRV Soda Springs, ID 5000d
WRMS Beardstown, IL
WRUF Gainsvllle. FL 5000 KCLW Hamilton, TX 250d
WGN Chicago.IL 50000 SOOd
KXXX Colby, KS WEAT W. Palm Beach, FL 1000 WODY Bassett, VA 500d
KDWN Las Vegas, NV 50000, 5000d
WAKY Louisville, KY WCUG Cuthbert, GA 50Od WKDW Staunton, VA 1000d
5000r WPTR Statesboro, GA
WRUM Rumford, ME 1000 KUEN Wenatchee, WA 1000d
730 -410.7 WSGW Saginaw, MI
1000d
5000r
KHLO Hilo, HI
WIVS Crystal Lake. IL
1000 WATK Antlgo, WI 2500
KGHL Billings. MT 5000
WJMW Athens, AL 1000d 5000
KSUD West Memphis. AR 250d WTNY Watertown, NY 1000
KLEU Waterloo, IA
WHDH Boston. MA
500d
50000
910 -329.5
WLOR Thomasville, GA 5000d WLSV Wellsville, NY 1000d WTYN Lafayette, AL
WTNC Thomasville, NC WKBZ Muskegon, MI 1000
KLOE Goodland. KS 10000 10000
WWJC Duluth, MN 10000d KJJJ Phoenix, AZ 5000
WFMW Madisonville, KY 500d KFGO Fargo, ND 5000 KLCN Blytheville, AR
WHTH Heath, OH WMAG Forest, MS 1000Od 5000d
WMTC Vancleve, KY 1000d 500
KFUO Clayton, MO 50000 KAMD Camden. AR 5000,
KTRY Bastrop, LA 250d KWIL Albany, OR 1000 KMJC El Caton, CA
WAEB Allentown. PA
WKIX Raleigh, NC 10000, 5000
WARB Covington. LA 250d 1000
WJW Cleveland. OH 10000, KNEW Oakland, CA 5000
WJTO Bath, ME 1000d WPIC Sharon, PA 10000 KOXR Oxnard, CA
KRPT Anadarko, OK 5000 500Or
WACE Chicopee, MA 5000d WEAN Providence, RI 5000 KPOF Denver, CO
WWBO Bamberg- Denmark, SC WJAC Johnstown, PA 10000 500Or
WVIC E. Lansing, MI 500d WEEU Reading, PA 1000 WRCO New Britain, CT 5000
KFWRE Warrenton, MO 1000d 100Od
WABA Aguadilla. PR 5000 WPLA Plant City, FL 1000
KWOA Worthington. MN 10000 WETB Johnson City. TN 50000 WGAF Valdosta, GA
WIVK Knoxville, TN 50000d 5000
KURL Billings, MT 500d WMC Memphis, TN 5000 WAKO Lawrenceville, IL 500d
KULF Houston, WUCR Sparta, TN 2500
KDAZ Albuquerque, NM 1000d TX 5000 KEYH Houston, TX WSUI Iowa City. IA 5000
KFYO Lubbock. 10000d
WDOS Oneonta, NY 10000 TX 5000, KINA Salina, KS
WRAP Norfolk, VA 5000, 5000
WFMC Goldsboro, NC 1000d KUTA Blanding. UT 10000 WLCS Baton Rouge, LA
KTAC Tacoma, WA 10000r 1000
WOHS Shelby. NC 1000d WSIG Mount Jackson. VA 10000 WABI Bangor, ME 5000
WJYM Bowling Green, OH 1000d WTAR Norfolk, VA
KBOY Medford. Oreg. 1000d KGMI Bellingham,WA
5000
5000, 860 -348.6 WFDF Flint. MI
WOKK Meridian, MS
5000r
5000,
WNAK Nanticoke, PA 1000d KJRB Spokane. WA 5000 WHAT Hartselle, AL 2500 KOYN Billings, MT 1000d
WPIT Pittsburgh. PA 5000d WEAO Eau Claire, WI 5000 WAMI Opp, AL 10000 KBIM Roswell, NM 500Or
WPAL Charleston. SC 1000d KIFN Phoenix, AZ 10000 WRKL New City, NY 1000d
WLIL Lenoir, TN 1000d 800 -374.8 KOSE Osceola, AR 1000d WLAS Jacksonville, NC 5000
KKDA Grand Prairie, TX 50Od KWRF Warren, AR 1000d KCJB Minot. ND 5000r
KSVN Ogden, UT 10000 WHOS Decatur. AL 10000
WMGY Montgomery, AL
KTRB Modesto, CA 10000, WBRJ Marietta, OH 500Od
WPKX Alexandria, VA 5000d 1000d
KINY Juneau. AK WAZE Clearwater, FL 500 WPFB Middletown, OH 100Or
WMNA Gretna, VA 1000d 5000 WKKO Cocoa, FL 1000d KGLC Miami, OK 1000
KULE Ephrata, WA 1000d KAGH Crossett, AR 250d
WAEC Atlanta, GA
KVOM Morrilton, AR 1000d KURY Brookings, OR 1000d
WJMT Merrill, WI 1000d 2500
WDMG Douglas, GA 5000 WAVL Apollo, PA 50000
KHIS Bakersfield, CA 250d
KERN Brighton, CO WGOM Marion, IN 2500 WGBI Scranton, PA 1000,
740 -405.2 WLAD Danbury, CT
500d
10000
KWPC Muscatine, IA
KOAM Pittsburg, KS
250d WSBA York, PA 5000,
WRKV Rockville, CT 10000, WPRP Ponce, PR 5000,
WBAM Montgomery, AL 50000d 1000d
WSON Henderson, KY 5000 WNCG No. Charleston, SC 50Od
KMED Phoenix, AZ 1000d WSST Largo, FL 250d
WAVE Baltimore. MD 1000d WORD Spartanburg, SC 5000r
KBRT Avalon, CA 10000d WSUZ Palatka, FL 1000d
WSBS Gt. Barrington, MA 250d KVAA Volga, SD 1000r
KCBS San Francisco, CA 50000 WJAT Swainsboro, GA 1000d
KTWG Agana, GU KNUJ New Ulm, MN 100Od WJCW Johnson City, TN 5000,
KSSS Colorado Springs CO 1000, 10000 KARS Belen, NM
WKZI Casey. IL 250d WEPG S. Pittsburgh, TN 500d
KVFC Cortez, CO 1000r 250d WFMO Fairmont, NC 10000 KNAF Fredericksburg, TX
KXIC Iowa, City, IA 1000d 100Od
WSBR Boca Raton. FL 1000, WOXZ Taylorsville, NC 250d KRIO McAllen, TX 5000
WKMK Blountston, FL 1000d WKVE Cave City, KY 250d KISD Medford, OR 1000d KIKM Sherman, TX 1000
WKIS Orlando. FL 5000, WSHO New Orleans, LA 1000d WYJZ Pittsburgh, PA
WCCM Lawrence, MA 10000
1000d KALL Salt Lake City, UT 5000,
KYME Boise, Idaho 500d WTEL Philadelphia, PA 10000d WNHV White River Jet., VT 1000d
WVLN Olney. IL 250d KOAD Luverne, MN 500d
WVAL Sank Rapids, MN WUCR Sparta, TN 10000 WRNL Richmond, VA 5000
KBOE Oskaloosa, IA 250d 25000
WLBG Laurens, SC 1000d WTOY Roanoke, VA 10000
WNOP Newport, KY 10000 KREI Farmington, MO 10000
WTMR Camden, NJ KFST Ft. Stockton, TX 250d KORD Pasco, WA 10000
WCAS Cambridge, MA 250d 5000d
KOCV KPAN Hereford, TX 2500 KIXI SeattlF, WA 5000,
KBAD Carlsbad, NM 1000, Oklahoma City, OK 250d
KSFA Nacogdoshes, TX
KPDO Portland, OR 10000 KKSN Vancouver, WA
WGSM Huntington, NY 25000, 1000d KONO San Antonio. TX
WCHA Chambersburg, PA 5000R WHSM Hayward, WI 50000
WFTH Morehead City, NC 1000d 1000d KWHO Salt Lake City, UT 1000d WDOR Sturgeon Bay, WI 10000
WPAO Mount Alry, NC 10000d WDSC Dillon. SC 1000d
WEVA Emporia. VA 1000d
WEAB Greer, SC
KRMG Tulsa, OK
WVCH Chester, PA
50000,
1000d WDEH Sweetwater, TN
250d
100Od
WOAY Oak Hill, WV
WNOV Milwaukee, WI
10000d
250d
920 -325.9
WIAC San Juan, PR 10000 KDDD Dumas. TX 250d WKYD Andalusia, AL 5000r
WBAW Barnwell, SC 1000d KBUH Brigham City, UT 500d WWWR Russellville, AL
WIRJ Humbolt, TN 250d WSVS Crewe, VA 5000d 870 -344.6 KSRM Soldotna, AK
10000
5000
WBGY Tullahoma, TN 250d KOIN Burlen, WA 5000 KIEV Glendale, CA 5000d KARN Little Rock, AR 5000
KIRH Houston, TX 50000 WKEE Huntington, WV 5000d KAIM Honolulu, HI 50000 KLOC Ceres, Ca 500d
KCMC Texarkana. TX 1000 WDUX Waupace, WI 5000d WWL New Orleans, LA 50000 KDES Palm Springs, CA 5000,
WBCI Williamsburg, VA 500d WKAR E. Lansing, MI 10000d KVEC San Luis Obispo, CA 1000r
WRNR Martinsburg, WV
WBOO Baraboo, WI
500d
2500
810 -370.2 WHCU Ithaca, NY
WGTL Kannapolis, NC
5000,
1000d
KLMR Lamar, CO
WGAM Dunnellon, FL
5000,
5000
WJXL Jacksonville, AL 50000, WHOA San Juan, PR 5000 WMEL Melbourne, FL 1000
KGO San Francisco, CA
750 -399.8 KWSR Rifle, CO
50000
10000
KJIM Fort Worth, TX
WFLO Farmvllle, VA
250d
1000d
WGST Atlanta, GA
WVOH Hazelhurst, GA
5000,
50Od
uD Anchorage, u oyston GA 250d WGNU Granite City IL 500
WSB Atlanta, GA 50000 WDOW Johnson City, IL
WBMD Baltimore, MD 1000d WATI Indianapolis, IN 250d 880-340.7 WMOK Metropolis, IL
WBAA W. Lafayette, IN
1000d
5000r
KMMJ Grand Island, NE 10000d WEKG Jackson, KY 100Od KRVN Lexington, NE 50000 KYFR Shenandoah, IA 2500

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 57


U.S. AM STATIONS BY FREQUENCY
Call Location W. P. Call Location W. P. Call Location W. P. Cali Location W. P.

WTCW Whitesboro, KY 50000 KXJK Forrest City, AR 5000d WRCS Ahoskle, NC 1000d KHAM Horseshoe Bend, AZ 2500
WBOX Bogalusa, LA 1000 KFSA Fort Smith, AR 1000r WWIT Canton. NC 5000d KMLO Vista, CA 5000r
KTOC Jonesboro. LA 1000d KAHI Auburn, CA 5000d WDAY Fargo, ND 5000 WKMK Blountstown, FL 5000d
WPTX Lexington Park, MD 5000, KIMN Denver, CO 5000 WREO Ashtabula, OH 5000r WVSI Jupiter. FL 1000d
WMPL Hancock. MI 1000d WLOF Orlando, FL 5000 WATH Athens, OH 10000 WYOK Soperton. GA 1000d
KDHL Farlbault. MN 5000 WGTA Summerville, GA 5000d KAKC Tulsa, OK 2500r WCFL Chicago. IL 50000
KWAD Wadena, MN 1000 WGOV Valdosta, GA 5000r KYTE Portland, OR 5000 WREM Jenkins, KY 1000d
KWYS W. Yellowstone, MT 1000 KBRJ Boise, ID 500Od WBLF Bellefonte, PA 1000d WKLO Danville, KY
KORK Las Vegas. NV 5000r KLER Orofino, ID 1000r WWSW Pittsburgh, PA 5000 WLMS Leominster, MA 1000d
KOLO Reno, NV 5000r WJPC Chicago, IL 5000, WJMX Florence, SC 5000r WXTN Lexington, MS 5000d
KOEO Albuquerque, NM 1000r WXLW Speedway, IN 5000 WXOK Spring City, TN KOTD Plattsmouth, NE 250d
WTTM Trenton, NJ 1000 KOEL Oelwein, IA 5000r KIXL Austin, TX 1000d WRNJ Hackettstown, NJ 1000d
WKRT Cortland, NY 1000r KJRG Newton, KS 500d KNOK Ft. Worth, TX 1000d WIOT Horseheads. NY 5000r
WGHO Kingston. NY 5000d WYWY Barbourville, KY 1000d WSTX Christiansted, VI 5000r WKBO Garner, NC 10000
WIRD Lake Placid, NY 5000d WAGM Presque Isle, ME 5000 WYPR Danville. VA 1000d WSPF Hickory. NC 5000r
WBB8 Burlington- Graham, WCTN Potomac -Cabin John, WANV Waynesboro, VA 5000r KKIM Albuquerque, NM 100000
NC 5000d MD 1000d KREM Spokane, WA 5000r WSUM Parma, OH 500d
WPTL Canton. NC 500d WROL Boston, MA 5000d WWYO Pineville, WV 1000d KTOK Okla. City, OK 5000
WMNI Columbus. OH 1000r WWJ Detroit, MI 5000 WHA Madison, WI 5000d WIOO Carlisle, PA 1000
KGAL Lebanon,OR 1000 KRSI St. Louis Park, MN 1000 WAKX Superior, WI 1000d WKYB Hemingway, SC 100000
WKVA Lewistown, PA 1000r WBKH Hattiesburg, MS 5000d WGOG Wahatla, SC 1000d
WHJJ
WTND
Providence, RI
Orangeburg, SC
5000
1000d
KLIK Jefferson City. MO
KMTX Helena, MT
5000r
5000
980 -305.9 WMUF Paris. TN
KXRB Sioux Falls, SD
500d
10000d
KKLS Rapid City, SO 1000r KNFT Bayard. NM 50004 WKLF Clanton. AL 1000d KSTA Coleman, TX 250d
WLIV Livingston, TN 1000d WWWI Hyde Park, NY 500d KFWJ Lake Havasu City, AZ 1000d KGRI Henderson, TX 250d
KELP El Paso, TX 1000r WBBF Rochester. NY 1000 KCAB Dardanelle, AR 1000d KJJT Odessa. TX 250d
KYXX Odessa, TX 1000r WIBX Utica, NY 5000 KINS Eureka, CA 5000r WKDE Altavista, VA 1000d
KYST Texas City. TX 1000d WPET Greensboro, NC 500d KEAP Fresno, CA 500d WRAR Tappahannock, VA 500d
KVEL Vernal, UT 5000d WLIT Steubenville, OH 1000d KFWB Los Angeles, Ca 5000 WHWB Rutland, VT 1000d
KITN Olympia. WA 1000r KYES Roseburg. OR 1000d KCTY Salins, CA 1000d WVWI Charlotte Amalie, VI 1000
KXLY Spokane, WA 5000 WNCC Barnesboro, PA 500d KGLN Glenwood Springs. CO 1000d KOMO Seattle, WA 50000
WMMN Fairmont, WV 5000 WPEN Philadelphia, PA 5000 WSUB Groton -New London,
WOKY Milwaukee, WI 5000r WBER Moncks Corner. SC 500d
WRC Washington, DC
CT 1000d
5000
1010 -298.9
WSPA Spartanburg, SC 5000
WDVH Gainesville. FL 5000d WPYK Dora, AL 500d
930 -322.4 KWAT Watertown, SD
WAGG Franklin, TN
1000
1000d WTOT Marianna. FL 1000d KXEG Phoenix, AR 1000r
WJBY Gadsden, AL 5000d KDSX Denison- Sherman, TX 500 WBOP Pensacola, FL 1000d KVNC Winslow, AZ 1000
KTKN Ketchlkan, AK 5000r KPRC Houston, TX 5000 WPIP Pompano Beach, FL 25000 KLRA Little Rock, AR 10000r
KAPR Douglas. AZ 2500r KSEL Lubbock, TX 5000r WKLY Hartwell. GA 10000 KCHJ Delano. CA 5000r
KAFF Flagstaf, AZ 5000d WXGt Richmond, VA 5000d WPGA Perry, GA 1000d KCMJ Palm Springs. CA 1000r
KHJ Los Angeles. CA 5000 KJR Seattle, WA 5000 WRIP Roseville, GA 500 KIOI Hayward, CA 50000r
KEWO Paradise, CA 500d WERL Eagle River, WI 1000d KUPI Idaho Falls, ID 1000d KCMP Brush, CO 5000d
KIUP Durango, CO 5000r WKAZ Charleston. WV 5000r KSGM Chester. IL 1000r WCNU Crestview, FL 1000d
WAFL Milford, DE 500d WKTS Sheboygan, WI 500d WITY Danville. IL 1000 WBIX Jacksonville Beach. FL10000d
WFXI Haines City, FL 500d KMER Kemmerer, WY 5000d KCIJ Shreveport LA 5000d WINO Tampa, FL 50000d
WJAX Jacksonville, FL 5000 WCAP Lowell, MA 5000 WGUN Atlanta. GA 50000
WCSI Columbus. IN 500d
WKXY Sarasota, FL
WMGR Bainbridge, GA
1000r
5000r
960 -31 2.3 WAOP Otsego. MI
WAYL Richfield, MN
1000d
5000 KSMN Mason City, IA 1000d
KSEI Pocatello. ID 5000 WERC Birmingham, AL 5000 WAPF McComb, MS 5000d KIND independence, KS 250d
WTAD Quincy. IL 5000r KARZ Phoenix, AZ 5000 WKOR Starkville, MS 1000d KDLA DeRidder, LA 1000d
WHON Centerville, IN 500d KAVR Apple Valley, CA 5000d KURZ Kansas City. MO 5000 WKOT Garyville. LA 500d
WKCT Bowling Green, KY 1000r KNEZ Lompoc, CA 500 KVLA Fallon, NV 5000d WSID Baltimore, MD 1000d
WFMD Frederick, MD 5000r KARL Oakland, CA 5000 KICA Clovis, NM 1000 WITL Lansing, MI 500d
WREB Holyoke, MA 500d WELT New Haven. CT 5000 KMIN Grants. NM 1000d WMIN Maplewood, MN 250d
WBCK Battle Creek, MI 5000r WGRO Lake City, FL 1000 WTRY Troy, NY 5000 WMOX Meriden. MS 10000r
KKIN Altkin, MN 1000d WJCM Sebring. FL 1000d WKLM Wilmington, NC 1000d KCHI Chillicothe. MO 250d
WSKI Jackson, MS 5000 WJAZ Albany, GA 5000d WAAA Win.-Salem, NC 1000d KXEN Festus -St. Louis, MO 50000d
KWOC Poplar Bluff, MO 5000r WRFC Athens. GA 5000r WONE Dayton, OH 5000 WCNL Newport, NH 2500
KYSS Missoula. MT 5000d KSRA Salmon, ID 1000d WILK Wilkes- Barre, PA 5000r WINS New York. NY 50000
KOGA Ogallala, NE 500 WDLM E. Moline. IL 1000d WAZS Summerville, SC 1000d WWWX Albemarle. NC 1000d
KCCC Carlsbad. NM 1000d WSBT South Bend, IN 5000 WBZK York, SC 1000d WFGW Black Mountain, NC 50000d
WWNH Rochester, NH 5000 KMA Shenandoah, IA 5000 KDSJ Deadwood, SD 5000 WELS Kinston. NC 1000d
WPAT Paterson, NJ 5000 WPRT Prestonsburg. KY 5000d WSIX Nashville, TN 5000 WIOI New Boston. OH 1000d
WREN Buttato, NY 5000 KROF Abbeville,LA 1000d KFRD Rosenberg -Richmond, WTGC Lewisburg, PA 250d
WIZR Johnstown. NY 1000d WBOC Salisbury. MD 5000r TX 1000d WHIN Gallatin, TN 1000d
WSOC Charlotte, NC 5000r WFGL Fitchburg, MA 1000 KVRN Sonora. TX 100Od WORM Savannah, TN 250d
WITN Washington, NC 5000r WHAK Rogers City, Mt 5000d KSCV Richfield, UT 5000d KDJW Amarillo. TX 5000r
WEOL Elyria, OH 1000 KLTF Little Falls. MN 5000d WFHG Bristol. VA 5000r KLAT Houston, TX 5000d
WKY Oklahoma City, OK 5000 WABG Greenwood, MS 1000r WMEK Chase City, VA 500d KKIK Wako-Marlin, TX 10000r
KAGI Grants Pass, OR 5000r KGIR Cape Girardeau, MO 5000r KUTI Yakima, WA 5000d WELK Charlottesville. VA 1000r
KSWB Seaside, OR 1000d KFLN Baker, MT 50000 WHAW Weston, WV 1000d WMEV Marlon. VA 1000d
WCNR Bloomsburg, PA 1000, KNEB Scottsbluff- Gering, NE 1000r WCUB Manitowoc, WI 1000d WPMH Portsmouth, VA 5000d
WEKO Cabo Rojo, PR 500 KNDN Farmington, NM 5000d WNBI Park Falls, WI 1000d WCST Berkeley Springs., WV 250d
KSDN Aberdeen. SD 5000r WEAV Plattsburg, NY 5000 WPRE Prairie du Chien. WI 1000d WXYO Stevens Pt., WI 250d
WSEV Sevierville, TN 5000d WAAK Dallas- Gastonia, NC 1000d
KDET Center. TX 10000 WFTC Kinston. NC 5000r 990 -302.8 1020 -293.9
KCCW Terrell Hills, TX 5000r WWST Wooster. OH 1000d
KGWA Enid. OK 1000 WEIS Centre, AL 250d KTNO Los Angeles. CA 50000
WLLL Lynchburg, VA 5000d
WCIL Carbondale, IL 1000d
KLAD Klamath Falls, OLR 5000 W W W F Fayette. AL 1000d
KBFW Bellingham, WA 1000d
WPEO Peoria. IL 1000d
KVGM Yakima, WA 1000d WHYL Carlisle, PA 5000d WTCB Fiomaton, AL 500d
1000d KTKT Tucson, AZ 10000r KBCO Roswell. NM 50000
WGNT Huntington, WV 5000r WKZA Kane. PA
WPCN Mount Pocono, PA 1000d KKIS Pittsburg, CA 5000 KDKA Pittsburgh. PA 50000
KROE Sheridan, WY 5000d
WLBL Auburndale, WI 5000d WATS Sayre. PA 1000d KBLS Santa Barbara, CA 1000d
WBEU Beaufort, SC 1000d KRKS Denver, CO
WNTY Southington. CT
5000d
500d
1030-291.1
940-319.0 WBMC McMinnville, TN
KIMP Mt. Pleasant, TX
500d
1000d WHOO Orlando, FL 50000r WBZ Boston, MA
KCTA Corpus Christi, TX
50000
50000d
KMGX Tucson, AZ 1000r KGKL San Angelo, TX 5000r WOWD Dawson, GA 10000
WGML Hlnesville, GA 2500 WOSO San Juan, PR 10000
KFRE Fresno. CA 50000 KAYK Provo, UT 5000r
KHVH Honolulu, HI 10000 KTWO Casper, WY 50000
WINE Brookfield, CN 1000d WFIR Roanoke. VA 5000
WLOH Chiefland, FL 1000d KALE Richland, WA 5000r WCAZ Carthage, IL 1000d
WINZ Miami, FL 50000r WTCH Shawano. WI 1000 WITZ Jasper. IN 1000d 1040 -288.3
WMAZ Macon, GA 50000r WERK Muncie, IN 250d
KPBC Dallas, TX 1000d
KDEO Walpahu, HI 1000 970 -309.1 KAYL Storm Lake, IA 250d
KPOI Honolulu. HI 10000
KMIX Mount Vernon, IL 5000r KRSL Russell. KS 250d
WERH Hamilton. AL 5000d 250d WHO Des Moines. IA 50000
KIOA Des Moines. IA 10000r WNNR New Orleans, LA
WTBF Troy, AL 5000r 2500
KRIH Rayvllle, LA
WCND Shelbyville, KY
WGFP Webster. MA
1000d
250d
KIAK Fairbanks, AK
KVWM Show Low, AZ
5000
50000 WRNN Clare, MI 250d 1050 -285.5
WIDG St. Ignace. MI 5000d WABO Waynesboro. MS 1000d WRFS Alexander City, AL 1000d
KNEA Jonesboro, AR 1000d
KRMO Monett. MO 250d
WJOR South Haven. MI 1000d KUZZ Bakersville, CA 1000 WCRI Scottsboro, AL 250d
WCPC Houston, MS 50000r KSVP Artesia, NM 1000r KTBA Tuba City, AZ 5000d
KCHV Coachella, CA 5000r
KSMW Aurora, MO 500d 1000 WEER Southern Pines, NC 5000d KSOH Little Rock. AR 1000d
KBEE Modesto, CA 1000d
KVSH Valentine, NE 5000d 1000d WBTE Windsor, NC KBBV Big Bear Lake. CA 250d
KFEL Pueblo. CO 1000d
WKYK Burnsville. NC 1000r 5000d WJEH Gallipolls, OH KOFY San Mateo. CA 1000d
WOZN Jacksonville, FL WTIG Massillon, OH 250d
WFNC Fayetteville. NC 50000r WFLA Tampa, FL 5000 KWSO Wasco, CA 5000d
WCIT Llma, OH 250d KRKT Albany, OR 250d WJSB Crestview, FL 5000d
WKLS Atlanta, Ga 5000d 50000r
KGRL Bend, OR 10000 WVOP Vidalia, GA 5000d WZZD Philadelphia, PA WCMG Jacksonville, FL 5000d
KWRC Woodburn. OR 250d WVSC Somerset. PA 5000d WHBO Tampa, FL 250d
KPUA Hilo, HI 5000
WPRA Mayaguez. PR 1000
WESA Charleroi. PA 1000d KAYT Rupert, ID 1000d WHGI Augusta, GA 5000d
WGRP Greenville, PA 1000d 1000r WLKW Providence, RI 50000d WCGA Conyers. GA
WMAY Springfield, IL 10000
WVLY Lebanon, PA 1000d WAVE Louisville, KY 5000 WAKN Alken. SC WMNZ Montezuma, GA 250d
WIPR San Juan, PR 10000 WNOX Knoxville, TN 10000 WDZ Decatur. IL 1000d
KSYL Alexandria, LA 1000
KWAM Memphis, TN 10000d
WECO Wartburg, TN 1000d WCSH Portland, ME 5000 WTCA Plymouth, IN 2504
KIXZ Amarillo, TX 5000r KALO Beaumont, TX 1000 KBUF Garden City. KS 5000d
WAMD Aberdeen. MD 500
KTON Belton, TX 1000d KAML Kenedy- Karnes City, TX 2500 WNES Central City, KY 500d
WESO Southbridge. MA 1000d
KADO Texarkana, TX 2500d 5000d KNIN Wichita Falls, TX 10000 KLPL Lake Providence, LA 250d
WUPY Ishpeming, MI KDYL Tooele, UT 1000d
KBRE Cedar City, UT 10000d WKHM Jackson, MI 1000 KVPI Villa Platte, LA 250d
WNRG Grundy, VA 5000d WNRV Narrows -Pearisburg, WMSG Oakland, MD 500d
KOAO Austin. MN 5000r
VA 5000d
WKGM Smithfield. VA 1000 WRKN Brandon, MI 1000d WGAY Silver Spring, MD 10000
WFAW FI. Atkinson, WI 500d WANT Richmond, VA 1000d WPAG Ann Arbor, MI 5000d
KOOK Billings. MT 5000
WNNO Wisconsin Dells, WI 1000d
WCSW Shell Lake, WI 1000d KJLT No Platte, NE 50000 KLOH Plpestone, MN 1000d
WACR Columbus, MS 1000d
950-315.6 KNVU Las Vegas, NV
WWOJ Hackensack, NJ
500r
5000
1000 -299.8 KMIS Portageville, MO 1000d
wro.x a,vnrgumey, .,L 1000 KDCE Esne,,.da, NM t000d WVOV Huntsville, AL 1fK1fxld KSIS Sedalia. MO 1000d
KRXA Seward, AK 1000 WEBR Buffalo, NY 5000 WABT Montgomery, AL 5000 WBNC Conway, NH 1000d
KRXA Seward, AK 1000 WCHN Norwich, NY 1000 KRHS Bullhead City, AZ 1000d WSCV Peterborough, NH 1000d

58 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


US. AM STATIONS BY FREQUENCY
Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W. P. Call Location W.P.

WSEN Baldwinsville, NY 10000 WKGX Lenoir, NC 5000 WWCM Brazil, IN 5000 WJJD Chicago. IL 50000d
WYBG Massena, NY 1000d WWDR Murfreesboro, NC 1000d KKSI Mt. Pheasant, IA 2500 WBON Barceloneta, PR 1000
WHN New York, NY 50000 KNDK Langdon, ND 1000d KLEY Wellington, KS 250d WSL Salt Lake City, UT 50000
WFSC Franklin, NC 1000d WMVR Sidney, OH 250d WKED Frankfort, KY 5000
WLON Lincolnton, NC KWJJ Portland, OR
WWGP Sanford, NC
1000d
1000d WORO Huntingdon, PA
50000,
1000d
WSJP Murray, KY
KWKH Shreveport, LA 50000
1170 -258.3
WZIP Cincinnati, OH 10000 WEEP Pittsburgh, PA 50000d WCXI Detroit, MI 50000r WCOV Montgomery, AL 10000r
KCCO Lawton, OK 2500 WLEY Cayey, PR 250 WOGY Minneapolis, MN 50000 KJNP North Pole, AK 50000
KFMJ Tulsa, IL 1000d KRLD Dallas. TX 50000 WGUF Gulfport, MS 5000 KCBO San Diego, CA 50000,
KORE Eugene, OR 10000 KRPX Price, UT 2500 KYOO Bolivar, MO 2500 KLOK San Jose, CA 50000,
WBUT Butler, PA 500d WKBY Chatham. VA 1000d WNEW New York. NY 50000 KUAD Windsor, CO 1000d
WSKE Everett, PA 1000d WZTO Hurricane, WV S000d WPYB Benson, NC 1000d WRTT Vernon, CT
WLYC Williamsport, PA 10000 WCBX Eden, NC 1000d WHNE Cumming, GA 10000
WCGB Pastillo, PR
WSMT Sparta, TN
1000d
1000d
1090.275.1 WJTP Newland. NC
KBMR Bismarck, ND
1000d KOHO Honolulu, HI
WLBH Mattoon, IL
5000
10000d 50000
KIIZ Killeen, TX 250d KAAY Little Rock, AR 50000 WYNO Nelsonville, OH 250d KOKI Bayou Vista, LA 10000
WJXY Conway, SC 5000d KNCR Fortuna, CA 10000d WCTM Eaton, OH 250d KSTT Davenport, IA 1000
KPXE Liberty, TX 2500 KLDR Denver, CO 50,000, WASP Brownsville, PA 5000d WJMO Norfolk, MA 1000d
KCAS Slalon, TX 250d WROS Jacksonville, FL WEED Waynesboro, PA 10000 WVLC Orleans, MA 1000d
WGAT Gate City, VA 1000d WMFL Monticello, FL 1000d WPUB Camden, SC 10000 KOWO Waseca, MN 10000
WBRG Lynchburg, VA 1000d WBAF Barnesville, GA 10000 WAMG Gallatin, TN 25000 KJAS Jackson, MO 2500
WCMS Norfolk, VA 5000d WCRA Effingham, IL 10000 WDTM Selmer, TN 2500 WKZE Orleans, MS
KBLE Seattle, WA 5000d WGLC Mendota, IL 250d KOTI Edna, TX 2500d WCLN Clinton, NC 1000d
WADC Parkersburg. WV 5000d KHAI Honolulu, HI 5000 KLSR Memphis, TX 1000d KFNW Fargo, ND 10000d
WOKI Eau Claire, WI 1000d WFCV Fort Wayne, IN 1000d WRRL Rainelle, WV 10000 WHLW Lakewood, NJ 50000
WKAU Kaukauna, WI 1000d KVDB Sioux Center, IA 500d WISN Milwaukee, WI 50000r WBRW SommervIlle, NJ 500d
WLIP Kenosha, WI 250d KNWS Waterloo, IA 1000d WWLE Cornwall, NY 1000d
WSLG Gonzales, LA
1060 -282.8 WBAL Baltimore, MD
10000d
50000 1140-283.0 KVOO Tulsa, OK
WLEO Ponce, PR
50000
250
WILD Boston, MA 5000d KRAK Sacramento, CA 50000 WAMB Donelson, TN 25,000,
KKK() Tempe, AZ 5000, WMUS Muskegon, MI 10000 KVLI Lake Isabella, CA 500d KPUG Bellingham, WA 10000,
KAYR Van Buren, AR 500d WCAR Garden City, MI 250d KCMJ Palm Springs, CA 10.000, WWVA Wheeling, WV 50000
KPAY Chico, CA 10000 KEXS Excelsior Springs, MO 250d KNAB Burlington, CO 1000d WLKE Waupun, WI 10000
KLMO Longmont. CO 10000d KBOZ Bozeman, MT 5000 WOBA Miami, FL 10000
WRMF Titusville. FL 10000r KRZY Albuquerque, NM
WXLX Milledgeville. GA 1000, WKTE King, NC
50000,
1000d
KGEM Boise, ID
WVEL Pekin, IL
10000
50000
1180-254.1
WKNG Tallapoose, GA 5000 WBZB Selma -Springfield, NC 1000d WAWK Kendallville, IN 2500 WLDS Jacksonville, IL 10000
KBGN Caldwell, ID 10000d KRZY Albuquerque, NM 50,000, KNEI Waukon, IA 10000 KOFI Kalispell, MT 10000
WMCL McLeaneboro, IL 2500d KTGO Tioga, ND 10000 WKCM Lewisport, KY WHAN Rochester, NY 50000
WRHL Rochelle, IL 250d WKFI Wilmington, OH 1000d WKCM Hawesville, KY 2500,
WJKY Jamestown, KY
WNOE New Orleans, LA 50000,
2500d KLWJ Umatilla, OR
WBOZ San German. PR
2500,
250
WRLV Salyerville, KY
KFIX Liberty. MO 500d
1190-252.0
WGTR Natick- Framingham, MA WMTY Greenwood, SC 1000d KCTE Southwest City. MO 250d WHIY Moulton. AL 1000d
50000, WKSP Kingstree, SC 1000d WAKK McComb, MS 500 WRSM Sumiton, AL 10000
WHFB Benton Harbor -St. Joseph, WHAR Englewood, TN 10000 KPWB Piedmont, MO 10000 WAYD Ozark, AL 10000
MI 5000d WJKM Hartsville, TN 10000 KMJJ North Las Vegas, NV 10000, KRDS Tolleson, AZ 5000r
WBMB West Branch, MI 1000d WGOC Kingsport, TN 1000d WCJW Warsaw, NY 10000 KMCW Augusta, AR 5000
WKKO Hibbing, MN 5000d KACO Beliville, TX 250d WRNA China Grove, NC 2500 KJEM Bentonville, AR 500d
KFIL Preston, MN 1000d KKYN Plainview, TX 50000 WCLW Mansfield, OH 2500 KEZY Anaheim, CA 5000r
WKKO Hibbing, MN 5000d KANN Ogden, UT 50000 KATT Oklahoma City, OK 10000 KNBA Vallejo, CA 10000
WJLJ Tupelo, MS 250d KING Seattle, WA 50000 WBZY New Castle, PA 5000d KADE Boulder, CO 50000
KBUG Springfield, MO 500d WISS Berlin, WI 500 WOII San Juan. PR 10000 WAYS Ft. Lauderdale, FL 50000
KNLV Ord, NE 1000d WAGE Rice Lake, WI 1000d KSOO Sioux Falla, SD 10000r WHHL Plne Castle -Sky Lake,
WHNI Mebane, NC 1000d WAOE Rice Lake, WI WIXC Fayetteville, TN 5000d FL 10000
WMAP Monroe, NC 10000 KSKS Conroe, TX WGKA Atlanta, GA 5000,
WLAB St. Pauls, NC
WCOK Sparta, NC
250d
250d
1100-272.6 KORC Mineral Wells, TX
WRVA Richmond, VA
250d
50000
WOWO Ft. Wayne, IN
KDAO Marshalltown, IA
50000
250d
WOIO Canton, OH 50000 KFAX San Francisco, CA 50000 WSPC St. Paul. VA 1000d KRZJ Beloit, KS 2500d
KYW Phlladephia, PA 50000 KREX Grand Junction, CO 50000, KNEK Washington, LA 250d
WLBB Carrollton, GA WANN Annapolis, MD
WALD Wallerboro, SC
KGFX Pierre, SD
1000d
10000, KHEI Kihel, HI
1000d
1 150 -260.7 WKOX Framingham, MA
10000d
1000d
WNPC Newport, TN 10000 WHLI Hempstead, NY 10000d WGEA Geneva, AL 1000d WXGR Bay St. Louis, MS 5000d
WPHC Waverly, TN 10000 WWWE Cleveland, OH 50000 WJRD Tuscaloosa, AL 5000r KHAD Desoto. MO 5000d
KAMA El Paso. TX 10000d WGPA Bethlehem, PA 250d KABN Long Island, AK 5000 KWMB Webasha, MN 1000d
KHYM Gilmer, TX 10000d WCKY Coolidge, AZ 1000 KKOJ Jackson, MN 5000d
KCLT Lockhart, TX
KRWT Winters, TX
250d
10000
1110 -270.1 KOLA North Little Rock, AR
KPRZ Los Angeles, CA
5000, KJLA Kansas City, MO
KKJY Albuquerque, NM
1000,
10000
5000r
KRSP South Salt Lake City, UT WBCA Bay Minette, AL 100000 KBAI Morro Bay. CA 5000 WLIB New York, NY 10000
100000 WBIB Centerville, AL 1000d KPLS Santa Rosa, CA 5000r WSML Graham. NC 1000r
KHAC Window Rock, AZ 10000d WIXE Monroe, NC 1000d
1070 -280.2 KGFL Clinton, AR 10000
KWBZ Englewood, CO
WCNX Middletown, CN
5000,
1000d KXKS Albuquerque, NM
WAPI Birmingham, AL 50000, KAKA Dermott, AR 10000d WDEL Wilmington, DE 5000 KEX Portland, OR 50000
KNX Los Angeles, CA 50000 KRLA Pasadena, CA 50000, WNDB Galons Beach, FL 1000 WBMJ San Juan, PR 1000c
WANM Tallahassee, FL 10000d KPIP Roseville, CA 5000r WTMP Temple Terrace, FL 5000r WJES Johnston, SC 1000d
WIBC Indianapolis, IN 50000r WOYK Tampa, FL 10000d WFPM Fort Valley. GA 1000d KOKK Huron, SD 500d
KILR Estherville, IA 250d WEBS Calhoun, GA 2500 WJEM Valdosta, GA 10000 KLIF Dallas, TX 50000.
KFDI Wichita, KS 10000r WMBI Chicago, IL 5000d WGGH Marion, IL 50000 WAMB Donelson, TN 5000r
WSRG Elkton, KY 250d WFBM Noblesville, IN 10000 WKKN Rockford, IL 10000 WSVC Dunlap, TN 500d
KHMO Hannibal, MO 5000r WKOZ Cadiz, KY 1000d KCPS Burlington, IA 500d WHMT Humboldt, TN 5000
KATO Plentywood. MT 5000d WCBR Richmond, KY 250d KWKY Des Moines, IA 1000 WSGE Springfield, TN 250d
KERR Poison, MT 50000r WFCG Frankllnton, LA 10000 KSAL Salina, KS 5000 WBDY Bluefield, VA 10,0000
KATO Plentywood, MT KPAL Pineville, LA 500d WMST Mt. Sterling, KY 5000
WKMB Stirling, NJ
WKDR Plattsburgh, NY
2500
5000d
WUHN Pittsfield, MA
WUNN Mason, MI
10000
10000
WLOC Munfordville, KY
WJBO Baton Rouge, LA
1000d
5000
1200-249.9
WSCP Sandy Creek -Pulaski, WJML Petoskey, MI 100000 WOMR Skowhegan, ME 5000d WGDL Lares, PR
NY 25000 WHYT Noblesville, MN 1000d WHUE Boston, MA 5000 WOAI San Antonio, TX 50000
WNCT Greenville, NC 10000 WKRA Holly Springs, MS 1000d WCEN Mt. Pleasant, MI 1000,
WGOS Hlghpolnt, NC 10000 KFAB Omaha. NE
KCIA Humble City, NM
50000
1000d
KASM Albany, MN 1000d 1210 -247.8
WKOK Sunbury. PA 10000, KRMS Osage Beach, MO 1000d
WVNH Salem, NH 5000d KSEN Shelby, MT KZOO Honolulu, HI 1000
WMIA Arecibo, PR 500 5000
WILY Centralia, IL
WHYZ Greenville, SC 500000 WSFW Seneca Falls, NY 1000d KDOO Albuquerque, NM 5000, 1000d
WFLI Lookout Mountain, WTBO Warwick, NY 250d WRUN Utica, NY WKNX Saginaw, Mi 100000
5000,
WBT Charlotte, NC 50000 WBAG Burlington- Graham, WADE Wadesboro, NC 10000
Chattanoonge, TN 50000, WAVI Dayton, OH
WDIA Memphis, TN 50000, WELX Xenia, OH 250d NC 10000 250d
KWEL Midland, TX KEOR Atoka, OK 5000d WGBR Goldsboro, NC
KGYN Guymon, OK 10000
1000d 5000, WCAU Philadelphia, PA
KOPY Alice, TX 1000 KBND Bend, OR 10000, WCUE Cuyahoga Falls. OH 1000, 50000
WJSM Martinsburg, PA 1000d WIMA Lima, OH WHOY Salinas, PR 5000,
KENR Houston, TX 10000, 1000
WINA Charlottesville, VA 5000 WHAR Norristown, PA 5000 KNED McAlester, OK 1000,
WCIR Beckley, WV 10000 WKEG Washington, PA
WVJP Cagues, PR
1000d
2500r
KAGO Klamath Falls, OR
KKEY Portland, OR
5000, 1220-245.8
WTSO Madison, WI 10000, 5000d
WHIM Providence, RI 50000 WHON Huntingdon, PA 5000d WBUL Birmingham, AL 10000
WSLV Ardmore, TN 1000d WYNS Lehighton, PA WABF Fairhope, AL 1000d
1000d
1080.277.6 WUAT Pikesvllle, TN 2500 WKPA New Kensington, PA 1000d KVSA McGehee, AR
KLIP Fowler, CA
109Od
KDRY Alamo Heights, TX 10000 WDIX Orangeburg, SC 5000r 2500
WKAC Athens, AL 5000d KTEK Alvin, TX KIBE Palo Alto, CA 5000d
WLVN Luverne, AL 500d
500d WTYC Rock Hill, SC 10000
WZAM Norfolk, VA 50000d WSNW Seneca, SC KLIT Pomona, CA 2500
KANC Anchorage, AK 10000 1000d KBNO Denver, CO
KIMM Rapid City, SD 50000 1000d
KSCO Santa Cruz, CA 10000r
WTIC Hartford, CN 50000 1120-267.7 WGOW Chattanoga, TN 5000r WOMN Hamden, CT
WKTZ Jacksonville, FL
1000d
5000d
WVCG Coral Gables, FL 50000, WCRK Morristown, TN 1000r
WUST Washington, DC 1000d WTAW College Station, TX 1000, WMJK Kisslmee, FL 1000d
WFIV Kissimmee, FL 5000d KMOX St. Louis, MO 50000 WCMO Miami, FL
KCCT Corpus Christi, TX 10000 1000d
WJOE Port St. Joe, FL 10000 WWOL Buffalo, NY 1000d WOSA Sarasota, FL 10000
WBIE Marietta, GA 10000d KISO El Paso, TX 1000d
KPNW Eugene, OR 50000 KVIL Highland Park, TX WCLB Camilla, GA 1000d
KIOE Honolulu, HI 5000 1000
WMSW Hadllo, PR 1000 KJBC Midland, TX 1000d
WPLK Rockmart, GA 5000d
KVNI Coeur d'Alene, ID 10000, KCLE Cleburne, TX 2500 WSFT Thomaston, GA
KDLF Port Neches, TX 500d 250d
WPDX Pontiac, IL 1000d WVUV Leone, Am. Samoa 10000 WLPO LaSalle, IL 1000d
WNWI Valparaiso, IN 250d KOLJ Ouanah, TX 5000
KFHM San Antonio, TX 1000d WKRS Waukegan, IL 10000
KOAK Red Oak, IA 250d
WKJJ Louisville, KY 10000r 1130-265.3 KNOI Pullman, WA 1000d
WSLM Salem, IN
KJAN Atlantic, IA
50000
250d
WOAP Owosso, MI 1000d KAAB Batesville, AR 250d KAYO Seattle, WA 5000, KOUR Independence, IA 250d
KYMN Northfield, MN 1000d KRDU Dlnuba, CA 1000 WABH Churchvilie, VA 1000d KOFO Ottawa, KS
WELC Welch, WV 250d
WECP Carthage, MS 5000d KSDO San Diego, CA 50000, 1000d WFKN Franklin, KY
KYMO East Prairie, MO WYNE Appleton, WI 250d
5000 WPUL Bartow. FL 10000 1000d WEOO Whitey City, KY
KJEL Lebanon, MO WAVY Chippewa Falls, WI 1000d
250d WLBA Gainesville, GA 10000d 5000d KBCL Shreveport LA 250d
WUFO Amhuret, NY
.

1000d WMGA Moultrie, GA 10000r WL,BI Denham Springs, LA 250d


WEWO Laurinburg, NC 5000 KLEI Kallua, HI 10000 1 160 -258.5 WSME Sanford, ME 1000d

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 59


U.S. AM STATIONS BY FREQUENCY
Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location Call Location W. P,

KELY Ely, NV 1000, WEB() Harrisburg, IL 1000 WGL Ft. Wayne, IN 1000
WBCH Hastings, MI 250d
WAVN Stillwater, MN 5000d KLAV Las Vegas, NV 1000 WTAX Springfield, IL 1000 WRAY Princeton. IN 1000d
WMDC Hazelhurst. MS 2500 KCBN Reno, NV 1000 WSDR Sterling, IL 500, KCFI Cedar Falls, IA 500
KZYM Cape Glradeau, MO 2500 WMOU Berlin, NH 1000r WHBU Anderson, IN 1000 KFKU Lawrence, KS 5000
1000d WATSV Claremont, NH 1000 KWLC Decorah, IA 1000r WREN Topeka. KS 5000
KBHM Branson, MO
KLPW Union, MO 1000d WCMC Wlldwood, NJ 1000 KBIZ Ottumwa, IA 1000 WNVL Nicholasvllle, KY 500d
WLBK Keene, NH 10000 KPSA Alamogordo, NM 1000 KICD Spencer, IA 1000 WLCK Scottville. KY 5000
WGNY Newburgh, NY 5000d KOTS Darning, NM 1000 KIUL Garden City, K9 1000 WGUY Bangor, ME 5000
WSOO N. Syracuse, NY 10000 KYVA Gallup, NM 1000 KAKZ Wichita, KS 1000 WARE Ware, MA 5000r
KFUN Las Vegas, NM 1000 WINN Louisville, KY 1000 WXOX Bay City, Mi 1000d
WKMT Kings Mtn., NC 1000d
WREV Reidsville, NC 1000d KRSY Roswell, NM 1000 WFTM Maysville, KY 1000 KBRF Fergus Falls, MN 5000r
WECK Cheektowaga, 1000r WPKE Pikeville, KY 1000 KCUE Red Wing, MN 1000d
WENC WhItevllle, NC 5000d
KDDR Oakes, ND 1000d WENT Elmira, NY 1000 WSFC Somerset, KY 1000 WHNY McComb, MS 5000
WIGS Gouverneur, NY 1000 KASO Minden, LA 1000 KBTC Houston, MO 10000
WGAR Cleveland. OH 50000
Van West, OH 250d WHUC Hudson, NY 1000 KANE New Iberia, LA 1000 KIKC Forsyth, MT 5000d
WERT 5000
KRMC Midwest City, OK 250d WLFH Little Falls, NY WCOU Lewiston, ME 1000 WKBR Manchester. NH
10000 WFAS White Plains, NY 1000 WMKR Milllnocket, ME 1000 WMTR Morristown, NJ 50000
KBLY Gold Beach, OR
10000 WSKY Asheville, NC 1000 WCEM Cambridge, MD 1000 WIPS Ticonderoga, NY 1000d
KCCS Salem, OR
10000 WFAI Fayetteville, NC 1000 WJEJ Hagerstown, MD 1000r WFAG Farmville, NC 5000r
WJUN Mexico. PA 1000d
WRIB Providence, RI 1000d WMFR High Point, NC 1000 WHAI Greenfield, MA 1000 WKDX Hamlet, NC
WFWL Camden, TN 2500 WISP Kinston, NC 1000 WSOX W. Yarmouth, MA 1000r WBRM Marion, NC 1000d
WMSO Collierville, TN 25000 WNNC Newton, NC 1000 WATT Cadillac, MI 1000 WCHO Washington Court House
1000d WCBT Roanoke Rap., NC 1000 WCBY Cheboygan, MI 1000 OH 500d
WCPH Etowah, TN
WAXO Lewisburg, TN 250d KDIX Dickinson, ND 1000 WJIM Lansing, MI 1000 WLEM Enporlum, PA 1000d
500d WUBE Cincinnati, OH 1000 WMFG Hibbing, MN 1000 WPEL Montoric, PA 1000d
KZEE Weetherlord, TX
KVLL Woodville, TX 250d WCOL Columbus, OH 1000 WJON St. Cloud, MN 1000r WTAE Pittsburgh, PA 5000
WLSD Big Stone Gap. VA 1000d WIRO Ironton, OH 1000 WMPA Aberdeen. MS 1000 WNOW York. PA 1000d
WFAX Falls Church, VA 5000d WCWA Toledo, OH 1000 WGRM Greenwood. MS 1000r WTMA Charlston, SC 5000,
KADA Ada, OK 1000 WGCM Gulfport, MS 1000 WCKM Winnsboro, SC 500d
KASY Auburn, WA 2500d
WKWL Florale. AL 1000r WBBZ Ponca Ciry, OK 1000 WMIS Natchez, MS 1000 WKBL Covington. TN 1000d
KVAS Astoria, OR 1000 KFMO Flat River, MO 1000 WZZI Madisonville, TN 500d
1230-243.8 KRNS Burns, OR 1000 KWOS Jefferson City, MO 1000
250
WNTT Tazewell, TN
KPRE Paris. TX
500d
500d
1000, KHSN Coos Bay, OR 1000 KNEM Nevada, MO
WAUD Auburn, AL KRDR Gresham, OR 1000 KBMY Billings, MT 1000 KPAC Port Arthur, TX 5000,
WJBB Haleyvllle, AL 1000, 1000 KUKA San Antonio. TX 1000r
KYJC Medford, OR 1000 KLTZ Glasgow. MT
WBHP Huntsville, AL 1000,
KLYG Hamilton, MT 1000, KIKZ Seminole, TX 1000d
WHOD Jackson. AL 1000r KOIK Lakeview. OR 1000
KTDO Toledo, OR 1000 KBLL Helena. MT 1000 KNEU Rooseviet, TU 50000
WNUZ Talladega, AL 1000r WDVA Danville, VA 5000
1000, WBVP Beaver Falls, PA 1000 KFOR Lincoln, NE 1000
WTBC Tuscaloosa, AL 1000 KODY North Platte. NE 1000 WYSR Franklin, VA 10000
WEED Easton, PA
KIFW Sltka, AK 250
KELK Elko, NV 1000 WEER Warrenton, VA 1000d
500r WKBO Harrisburg, PA 1000
KSUN Bisbee, AZ WFTN Franklin. NH 1000r KWSU Pullman, WA 5000
WCRO Johnstown, PA 1000
KAAA Kingman, AZ 1000r
WSNJ Bridgeton. NJ 1000 KYAC Seattle. WA 5000
KFLR Phoenix, AZ 1000, WBPZ Lock Haven, PA 1000
WTIV Titusville, PA 1000 KAM() Carlsbad, NM 1000, WEMP Milwaukee, WI 5000
KATO Safford, AZ 1000r 1000
KINO Winslow, AZ 1000, WNIK Arecibo, PR 1000 KCLV Clovis, NM
KCON Conway, AR 1000d WERI Westerly, RI
WAIM Anderson, SC
1000
1000
WGBB Freeport, NY
WGVA Geneva, NY
1000
1000
1250-238.0
KFPW Fort Smith, AR 1000r 500, WCRT Birmingham. AL 5000d
1000, WXAP Columbia, SC 1000r WJTN Jamestown, NY
KBTM Jonesboro, AR WVOS Liberty, NY 1000 KPIN Casa Grande, AZ 1000d
KGAM Bakersfield, CA 1000, WOLS Florence, SC 1000
KKRC Sioux Fails, SD 1000r WNBZ Saranac Lake, NY 1000 KCCB Corning. AR 1000d
KWTC Barstow, CA 500, 1000r KBHC Nashville, AR 500d
1000r WAKI McMinnville, TN 1000 WWWD Schenctady, NY
KIBS Bishop. CA 1000 KGIL San Fernando. CA 5000,
KXO El Centro, CA 1000, WMLR Hohenwald. TN 1000, WATN Watertown, NY
KSIX Corpus Christi, TX 1000 WPNF Brevard, NC 1000 KYA San Francisco, CA 5000r
KDAC Fort Bragg, CA 1000, KSNO Aspen, CO 5000d
KDLK Del Rio, TX 250 WIST Charlotte, NC 1000
KGFJ Los Angeles, CA 1000 1000r WCRT Birmingham, AL 5000d
1000r KNUZ Houston, TX 1000 WCNC Elizabeth City, NC
KFPRL Paso Robles. CA 1000 WMMM Westport, CN 1000d
1000r KERV Kerrville, TX 1000 WJNC Jacksonville, NC
KRDG Redding, CA 1000 WPJL Raleigh. NC 1000 WNRK Newark, DE 1000d
KWG Stockton, CA 1000r KLVT Levelland, TX
KEEE Nacogdoches, TX 1000 WWWC Wilkesboro, NC 500r WWDC Washington, DC 5000
KEXO Grand Junction. CO 1000 WDIS Ft. Walton Beech, FL2500d
KBRR Leadvllie, CO 1000 KOZA Odessa, TX 1000 KDLR Devils Lake, ND 250
KGRO Pampa, TX 1000 WBBW Youngstown, OH 1000 WHTT Miami. FL 5000d
KDZA Pueblo, CO 1000
1000 WHIZ Zanesville, OH 1000 WIYD Palatka, FL 1000,
KSEY Seymour, TX
KBCR Steamboat Springs, 1000, WUFE Baxley. GA 5000d
1000, KSST Sulphur Springs, TX 1000 KVSO Ardmore. OK
CO 1000 1000 WBBK Blakely, G A 1000d
1000, KWTX Waco, TX KADS Elk City, OK
KSTC Sterling, CO 1000r 1000 WTJH East Point, GA 5000d
1000 KPRO Murray, UT KBEL Idabel, OK
WINF Manchester, CN 1000 KOKL Okmulgee, OK 1000 KTEE Idaho Falls, ID 5000d
1000 KOAL Price, UT
WGGG Gainesville, FL WJOY Burlington, VT 1000 KFLY Corvallis, OR 1000, KWEI Weiser, ID 1000d
WONN Lakeland. FL 1000 WIBV Belleville. IL 5000
1000r WBBI Abingdon, VA 1000 KTIX Pendleton, OR 1000
WMAF Madison, FL 1000 WNDE Indianapolis, IN 5000
WODI Brookneal, VA 1000 KPRB Redmond, OR
WSBB New Smyrna Beach, FL 1000 1000, KGEN Roseburg, OR 1000 KFGO Boone, IA 1000d
WXCF Clifton Forge. VA
WNVY Pensacola, FL 1000
WRTA Altoona, PA 1000 KWHK Hutchinson, KS 1000r
1000, WFVA Fredericksburg, VA 1000
WCNH Quincy, FL WNOR Norfolk, VA 1000 WHUM Reading, PA 1000 WTKL Baton Rouge. LA 1000d
WJNO West Palm Beach. FL 1000r 1000 WEZE Boston. MA 5000
1000r KOZI Chelan, WA 1000 WSEW Selinsgrove, PA
WBIA Augusta, GA 1000 WALM Albion, MI 1000r
WBLJ Dalton, GA 1000 WWYZ Everett, WA 1000 WBAX Wilkes- Barre, PA
KSPO Spokane, WA 1000 WALO Humacao. PR 1000 WJBL Holland, Mi 5000d
WXLI Dublin, GA 1000 1000 KROX Crookston. MN 1000r
1000 KREW Sunnyside, WA 1000 WWON Woonsocket, RI
WFOM Marietta, GA 1000 KDUZ Hutchinson, MN 1000d
1000 WLOG Logan, WV 1000 WKDK Newberry. SC
WSOK Savannah, GA WKYG Parkersburg, WV 1000 WDXY Sumter, SC 1000 WGVM Greenville, MS 5000d
WAYX Waycross, GA 1000 1000 WDIS Laurel. MS 5000d
WHBY Appleton, WI 1000 WCCR Pierre, SD
KSAR Burley, ID 1000 1000 WCSA Ripley, MS 5000d
1000 WCLO Janesville, WI 1000 WBEJ Ellzabethton, TN
KORT Grangevllle, ID WXCO Wausau, WI 1000 WEKR Fayetteville, TN 1000 KGBX Springfield, MO 5000
KRXK Rexburg, ID 1000
1000ar WXPO Knoxville, TN 1000r KIMB Kimball, NE 1000d
WJBC Bloomington, IL 1000 KVOC Casper, WY
WKDA Nashville, TN 1000, WKXW Trenton, NJ 5000
WOUA Moline, IL
WHCO Sparta, IL
1000
1000 1240-241.8 WEDG Soddy, TN 1000
1000
KVSF Santa Fe, NM
WBNR Beacon, NY
1000
1000d
WEBJ Brewton, AL 1000, WENK Union City, TN
WJOB Hammond, IN 1000
KVLF Alpine, TX 1000 WNDR Syracuse, NY 5000
WSAL Logansport, IN 1000 WPRN Butler, AL 1000, WGWR Asheboro. NC 5000
1000, KXYL Brownwood, TX 1000
WTCJ Tell City, In 1000 WULA Eufula, AL 1000, WCOJ Edenton, NC 1000d
1000r Florence, AL 1000, KTAM Bryan, TX
WBOW Terre Haute, IN WBCF
KOCA Kilgore, TX 1000 WBBG Cleveland, OH 5000
KFJB Marshalltown, IA 1000 WARF Jasper, AL 1000r WNXT Portsmouth, OH 5000r
1000, KGJM Globe, AZ 1000, KSOX Raymondville, TX 1000r
WHIR Danville, KY 1000 KWSH Wewoka -Seminole, OK 1000
Williams, AZ 1000r KXOX Sweetwater. TX
WHOP Hopklosvllle, KY 1000 KBWA 1000 KCYX McMinnville, OR 1000
WANO Pineville, KYU 1000r KVRC Arkadelphia, AR 1000, WSKI Montpelier. VT
WSSV Petersburg, VA 1000 WLKK Erle, PA 5000
KLIC Monroe, LA 1000 KTLO Mountain Home, AR 1000r WPHB Philipsburg, PA 5000d
1000, KWAK Stuttgart, AR 1000r WROV Roanoke, VA 1000
WBOK New Orleans. LA WTON Staunton, VA 1000 WISO Ponce, PR 1000
KSLO Opelousas, LA 1000 KCRE Crescent City, CA 1000
1000 WMUU Greenville, SC 5000d
250 KJOP Lemoore, CA 250, KXLE Ellensburg, WA
WBME Belfast. ME 1000 WJOT Lake City. SC 1000d
1000r KESE Monterey, CA 1000r KGY Olympia, WA
WODY Calais, ME WKOY Bluefield, WV 1000 KWYR Winner, SD 50000
WSJR Madawaska, ME 1000 KPPC Pasadena, CA 100 WNOO Chattanooga, TN 10000
WTIP Charleston, WV 1000
WITH Baltimore. MD 1000r KLOA Ridgecrest, CA 250
1000 WMCH Church Hill, TN 50000
1000r KROY Sacramento, CA 1000r WONE Elkins, WV
WCMD Cumberland. MD WOMT Manitowoc, WI 1000 WDKN Dickson, TN 1000d
WMNB No. Adams. MA 1000, KDIG San Bernadino, CA 1000, WCLC Jamestown, TN 1000d
1000, WIBU Poynette, WI 1000
WESX Salem, MA 1000 KSON San Diego, CA 1000 KSPL Diboll, TX 1000d
WNEB Worcester, MA 1000 KSMA San Marla, CA 1000, WOBT Rhinelander, WI
WJMC Rice Lake, WI 1000 KPSO Failurrias, TX 5000
WCUZ Grand Rapids, MI 1000 KSUE Susanville, CA 1000, KOSA San Angelo. TX 1000d
KFBC Cheyenne, WY 1000
WIKB Iron River, MI 1000, KRDO Colorado Springs, CO 1000, 1000 KTUE Tulla, TX 1000d
1000 KDGO Durango, CO 1000 KEVA Evanston, WY
WMPC Lapeer, MI
KASL New Castle, WY 1000 KTAE Taylor, TX 1000d
WSOO Sit. Ste. Marie, MI 1000 KSLV Monte Vista, CO 1000 WCHV Charlottesville, VA 5000r
250 KRAL Rawlins, WY 1000
WSTR Sturgis. MI 1000 KCRT Trinidad. CO KWIO Moses lake, WA 1000d
1000 KTHE Thermopolis, WY 1000
WKLK Cloquet, MN 1000 WWCO Waterbury. CN WVVW Grafton, WV 500d
KGHS International Falls, MN 500r
KYSM Mankato, MN 1000
WBGC Chipley, FL
WLCO Eustis, FL
1000,
1000
1250-239.9 WXCE Amery, WI
WWIS Black River Falls, WI
5000
1000d
KURS Morris, MN 1000 WINK Ft. Myers, FL 1000 WZOB Fort Payne, AL 1000d
WEKZ Monroe, WI 1000d
KTRF Thiel River Falls, MN 1000 WMMB Melbourne, FL 1000 WETU Wetumpka, AL 5000d WOCO Oconto, WI 1000d
KWNO Winona, MN 1000, WFOY St. Augustine, FL 1000 KBBI Homer, AK 5000 KPOW Powell, WY 5000,
WCMA Corinth. MS 1000 WBHB Fitzgerald, GA 1000 KSWW Wickenburg, AZ 500d
WHSY Hattiesburg, MS 1000
1000
WDUN Gainesville. GA
WLAG LaGrange. GA
1000
1000
KHIL Willcox, AZ
KFAY Fayetteville, AR
5000d
10000
1270-236.1
WSSO Starkville, MS 10000
WAZF Yazoo City, MS 1000 WDDO Macon. GA 1000, KOKY Little Rock, AR 1000, WGSV Guntersville, AL
KODE Joplin, MO 1000 WWNS Statesboro, GA 1000 KNCO Grau Valley, CA 500r WKSJ Prichard. AL 5000d
KLWT Lebanon, MO 1000 WPAX Thomasville, GA 1000r KNOT Madera, CA 500d KDJI Holbrook, AZ 5000d
KWIX Moberly. MO 1000, WTWA Thomson, GA 1000 KTMS Santa Barbara, CA 1000 KADL Pine Bluff, AR 5000d
1000 KFLI Mountain Home, ID 1000 KDHI Twenty -Nine Palms, CA 10000 KBLC Lakeport, CA 500d
KBMN Bozeman, MT 1000d
KMCL McCall, ID 500r WNER Live Oak, FL 1000d KGUY Palm Desert, CA
KHDN Hardin, MT 1000
5000 KCOK Tulare, CA
KXLO Lewlstown, MT 1000 KWIK Pocatello, ID 1000 WDAE Tampa, FL SOOOr
1000, WODE Albany, GA 10000 WNOG Naples, FL 500
KLCB Libby. MT 1000 WCRW Chicago, IL
1000 WYTH Madison, GA 1000d WORL Orlando, FL 5000d
KTNC Falls City, NE 500r WEDC Chicago, IL
1000 WIZZ Streator. IL 500d WTNT Talahassee, FL 5000
gs,

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


60
U.S. AM STATIONS BY FREQUENCY
Call Location W.P. Call Location Call Location
W. P. W. P. Call Location W.P.

WKRW Cartersville, GA 500d KCUB Tucson. AZ 5000,


WHYD Columbus, GA
WKCY Harrisonburg, VA 50000 WOIC Columbia, SC 5000,
5000d KM'S El Dorado, AR 5000d KMPS Seattle, WA 5000 KELO Sioux Falls, SD 5000
WJJC Commerce, GA 1000d KUOA Siloam Springs, AR 5000d WCLG Morgantown, WV 1000d WKIN Kingsport, TN 5000,
KNDI Honolulu, HI 5000 KHSL Chico. CA 5000 WKLC St. Albans, WV
KTLC TwIn Falls, ID 1000d WMSR Manchester, TN 5000d
5000r KAZA Gilroy, CA 5000d WCJL Marinette, WI 10000 KVMC Colorado City, TX
WEIC Charleston, IL 10000
1000, KMEN San Bernardino, CA 5000 KXYZ Houston, TX
WHBF Rock Island. IL 5000
WCMR Elkhart, IN
5000
5000r
KKIO Santa Barbara, CA
WCCC Hartford, CN
500d
500d
1310 -228.9 KCPX Salt Lake City, UT
WCVR Randolph, VT
5000
WWCA Gary, IN 1000d
1000 WJBR Wilmington, DE 1000d WHEP Foley, AL 1000d WLGM Lynchburg, VA
WORX Madison, IN 1000d
1000d WTMC Ocala, FL 5000, WJAM Marion, AL 5000d WEET Richmond, VA
WSCB Liberal, KS 1000d
1000, WPCF Panama City, FL 500d KZZP Mesa, AZ 5000r WRRA Frederlksted, VI
WAIN Columbia, KY 1000d WIRK W. Palm Beach, FL 5000r KBOK Malvern, AR 10000
WFUL Fulton. KY KXRO Aberdeen, WA 5000r
1000d WDEC Americus, GA 10000 KIOT Barstow, CA 5000d KHIT Walle Walla, WA 10000
WVKY Louisa. KY 1000d WCHK Canton, GA 5000r KPOD Crescent Clty, CA 1000 WFHR Wisconsin Rapids, WI 5000,
WVCL Wlnnflld, LA 1000d WWSA Savannah, GA 5000 KDIA Oakland, CA 5000
WCBC Cumberland, MD 5000, KLEH Amasose,lA KTKR Taft, CA
WSPR Springfield, MA 5000r KISU Pocatello. ID 10000 KFKA Greeley. CO
10000
5000, 1330-225.4
WVOY Charlesvolx, MI 5000 WIRL Peoria, IL 5000 WICH Norwich, CN 5000 WKEA Scottsboro, AL 5000d
WXYZ Detroit, MI 5000 WDGS New Albany, IN 500d WKKK Deland, FL 5000d KHYT Tucson, AZ 5000
KPRM Park Rapids, MN 500d KLEH Anamosa. IA 500d WGKR Perry, FL 1000d KVEE Conway, AR 5000
KWEB Rochester, MN 5000r KWLS Pratt, KS 5000r WAUC Wauchula, FL 5000d KLOM Lompoc, CA 1000d
WVOM luka, MS 1000d WCBL Benton, KY 5000d WXLL Decatur, Ga 500d KFAC Los Angeles, CA 5000
WMLC Monticello, MS 1000d KJEF Jennings, LA 1000d WOKA Douglas, GA 10000 KLBS Los Banos, CA 500d
KUSN St. Joseph, MO 1000d WHGR Houghton Lake, MI 5000 WBRO Waynesboro, GA 10000 KCLM Redding, CA 5000d
KFBD Waynesville, MO 500d WNIL Niles, MI 5000 WZZZ West Point, GA 1000d WFTP Fort Pierce, FL 1000,
KWRL Sparks -Reno, NV 1000d WNRS Saline, MI 500d KLIX Twin Falls, ID 5000r WBAS Crescent City, FL 1000d
WTSN Dover. NH 5000 KBMO Benson, MN 500d KDLS Perry. IA 500d WWAB Lakeland, FL 10000
WDVI Vineland, NJ 500d WBLE Batesville. MS 1000d KOKX Keokuk, IA 1000, WFGS Milton, FL 5000d
KINN Alamogordo, NM 1000d WTYL Tylertown. MS 1000d WIFE Indianapolis, IN 5000r WCVC Tallahasee, FL 5000d
WHLD Niagara Fells, NY 5000d KALM Thayer, MO 1000d KFLA Scott City. KS 500d WPPI Carrelltown, GA 5000
WDLA Walton, NY 5000d KGVO Missoula, MT 5000 WTTL Madisonville, KY 1000, WMLT Dublin, GA 5000r
WCGC Belmont. NC 1000, KOIL Omaha, NE 5000 WDOC Prestonsburg. KY 5000d WPRZ Evanston, IL 5000d
WMPM Smithfield, NC 5000d WKNE Keene, NH 5000 KEZM Sulphur, LA 5000 WRAM Monmouth, IL 1000d
KWWB Bismarck- Mandan. ND 1000, KSRC Socorro. NM 1000d KUZN W. Monroe, LA 1000d WRRR Rockford, IL 1000d
WILE Cambridge. OH 1000d WGLI Babylon. NY 5000, WLOB Portland, ME 5000 WKKR Evansville, IN 5000
KWPR Claremore, OK 10000 WNBF Binghamton, NY 5000 WORC Worcester, MA 5000, WTRE Greensburg, IN 5000
KAJO Grants Pass, OR 5000d WHKY Hickory, NC 5000, WNIC Dearborn. MI 5000 KWWL Waterloo, IA 5000
WLBR Lebanon, PA 5000, WITZ Jacksonville, NC WCCW Travers City, MI 5000d KFH Wichita, KS 5000
WBHC Hampton, SC 1000d WEYE Sanford, NC 1000d WRBI St. Peter, MN 1000d WYGO Corbin, KY 5000d
WYAK Surtslde Beach -Garden City. WOMP Bellaire, OH 1000d WXXX Hattiesburg, MS 10000 WMOR Moorehead, KY 10000
SC 5000d WHIO Dayton, OH 5000 KFSB Joplin, MO 5000r KVOL Lafayette, LA 5000,
KNWC Sioux Fells, SD 1000 KUMA Pendleton, OR 5000 KEIN Great Falls, MT 5000r WDLW Waltham, MA 5000
WMRL Portland, TN 10000 KLIO Portland. OR 5000 KGMT Fairbury, NE 5000 WASA Havre De Garce, MD 5000,
WLIK Newport, TN 5000r WFBG Altoona, PA 5000, WJLK Asbury Park, NJ 2500, WTRX Flint, MI 5000,
WFUL South Fulton, TN WOIN Lykens, PA 10000 WSSJ Camden, NJ 1000d WSJN Minneapolis, MN 5000
KIOX Bay City. TX 1000 WICE Providence, Ri 5000r WBIO Parsippany. NJ 1000d WFTO Fulton, MS 25000
KHEM Big Spring, TX 10000 WFIG Sumter, SC 1000 KXAK Corral**, NM 1000d WNIX Greenville, MS 1000
KEPS Eagle Pass. TX 10000 WATO Oak Ridge, TN 5000, WVIP Mt. Kisco, NY 5000d WDAL Meridian, MS 5000d
KFJZ Fort Worth, TX 5000 KWGH Big Lake, TX 1000d WTLB Utica, NY 1000, KUKU Willow Springs, MO 10000
WTJZ Newport News. VA 10000 KIVY Crockett, TX 1000d WISE Asheville, NC 5000, KGAK Gallup, NM 5000,
WHEO Stuart. VA 5000d KRGV Weslaco, TX 5000 WHVN Charlotte, NC 10000 WEVD New York, NY WOO
KCVL Colville, WA 1000d KTRN Wichita Falls, TX 5000, WTIK Durham, NC 5000r WPOW New York, NY 5000
KRAM Longview. WA 50000 WPVA Colonial Heights, VA 50000 KNOX Grand Forks, ND 5000 WEBO Owego, NY 5000d
WRJC Mauston, WI 500d WAGE Leesburg, VA 1000d WFAH Alliance, OH 1000d WHAZ Troy, NY 1000d
KIML Gillette, WY 5000r WNLB Rocky Mount, VA 1000d KNPT Newport. OR 5000, WCPO Havelock, NC 1000d
WVOW Logan, WV 5000r WBFD Bedford, PA 5000d WHOT Campbell, OH 5000
1280-234.2 KAPY Port Angeles, WA
WZUU Milwaukee, WI
1000d
1000d
WGSA Ephrata, PA 5000d WFIN Findlay, OH
WKOV Wellston, OH
1000d
5000
WNAE Warren, PA 5000d
WPID Piedmont, AL 1000d WCOW Sparta, WI 50000 WDKD Kingstree, SC WELW Willoughby, OH 500d
5000d
WNPT Tuscaloosa, AL 5000, KOWB Laramie, WY 5000r WOOD Chattanooga, TN 5000 KUPL Portland, OR 5000
KHEP Phoenix, AZ 1000d WRRA Fredericksted, VI 500d WRIE Erle, PA WOO
WOXI Jackson, TN 5000,
KNBY Newport, KAR 10000 WENA Penuelas, PR 5000
WBNT Oneida, TN 000d
KKAL Arroyo Grande, CA 5000, 1300-230.8 KZIP Amarillo, TX 1000d WLAT Conway, SC 5000,
KFRN Long Beach, CA 1000 KAAM Dallas, TX
WBSA Boaz. AL 1000d 5000 WFBC Greenville, SC 5000
KJOY Stockton, CA 1000 WTLS Tallessee, AL KOYL Odessa, TX 1000d
1000d WAEW Crossville, TN 1000d
KTLK Denver, CO 5000 KBUC San Antonio, TX WTRO Dyersburg, TN
WSFD Seaford, DE
WEZO Winfield, AL 5000d 5000d 500d
1000d KWCK Searcy, AR WEEL Fairfax, VA 5000r KMIL Cameron, TX
WGTX De Funlak Springs. FL 5000d 1000d 500d
KROP Brewley, CA 1000r WGH Newport News, VA 5000 KSWA Graham, TX 500d
WIPC Lake Wales, FL 1000, KARY Prosser, WA
KYNO Fresno, CA 5000, 1000d KINE Kingsville, TX 1000d
WWZZ Sarasota, FL 5000 KPMO Mendocino, CA WSLW White Sulphur Springs, KVKM Monahans, TX
WIBB Macon, GA 5000d 5000,
5000d KWKW Pasadena, CA 5000r WV 5000d KTYL Tyler, TX 1000d
WMRO Aurora. IL 2500r WIBA Madison, WI
KVOR Colorado Springs. CO 5000, 5000 WBTM Danville, VA 5000r
WGBF Evansville, IN 5000r WAVZ New Haven, CN
KCOB Newton, IA 1000 WRAA Luray, VA 1000d
1000d WRKT Cocoa Beach. FL WOLD Marion, VA
5000
KSOK Arkansas City, KS
WCPM Cumberland, KY
1000,
10000
WFFG Marathon, FL 500 1320-2227.1 WESR Tasley, VA
1000d
5000d
WIXI Lancaster. KY
WSOL Tampa, FL 5000d WENN Birmingham, AL 5000d KMBI Spokane. WA 5000d
10000 WMTM Moultrie. GA WETZ New Martinsville, WV
WGSO New Orleans, LA 50000 WAGF Dothan. AL 1000 10000
5000 WNEA Newnan, GA WHBL Sheboygan, WI
KWCL Oak Grove, LA 1000d
500d KAWC Yuma. AZ 500d 5000,
WIMO Winder, GA 10000 KWHN Fort Smith, AR 5000 KOVE Lander, WY 5000,
WAOBK Gardiner, ME 5000 KOZE Lewistown, ID
WEIM Fitchburg. MA 5000, KRLW Walnut Ridge, AR 1000d
5000, WTAO La Grange, IL 5000, KHSJ Hemet, CA
WFYC Alma, MI
WWTC Minneapolis. MN
10000
5000
WFRX W. Frankfort, IL 10000 KOTO Lemmore, CA
500d
1000d 1340-223.7
KVOX Moorhead, MN
WHLT Huntington. IN 5000 KUOE Oceanside, CA 500 WKUL Cullman, AL 1000r
1000, WAAC Terre Haute, IN
KDKD Clinton, MO 1000d
500d KGNR Sacramento, CA 5000 WXOR Florence, AL 10000,
KGLO Mason City, IA 5000r KAVI Rocky Ford, CO 10000 WMRK Selma, AL 1000,
KYRO Potosi. MO 5000 WTKC Lexington, KY 2500 WATR Waterbury. CT 5000, WFEB Sylacauga, AL 1000,
KCNI Broken Bow, NE 10000 WIBR Baton Rouge, LA
KVOV Henderson -Las Vegas, 5000r WLOY Hollywood, FL 5000 KIKO Miami, AZ 1000,
KFLO Shreveport, LA 500d WVOJ Jacksonville, FL 5000 KFBR Nogoles, AZ 250
NV 5000d WFBR Baltimore, MD
KRZE Farmington. NM 5000 WAMR Venice, FL 500d KPGE Page, AZ 1000,
50000 WJDA Quincy. MA 1000d
WADO New York, NY WHIE Griffin. GA 5000d KBTA Batesville, AR 1000,
5000 WOOD Grand Rapids, MI
WPXN Rochester. NY 5000 WKAN Kankakee, IL 1000r KZNG Hot Springs, AR 1000,
5000 WOPM Princeton, MN
WSAT Salisbury, NC 1000
10000 KNIA Knoxville. IA 5000 KCAT Pine Bluff. AR 1000,
WKXI Jackson, MS 5000, KMAO Maquoketa, IA 500d KBRS Springdale, AR 1000,
WYAL Scotland Neck, NC 50000 WMMO Marshall. MO
WONW Defiance, OH 1000R
1000d KLWN Lawrence, KS 500d KATA Arcata, CA 10000
KBRL McCook, NE 50000 WBRT Bardstown, KY 10000 KWXY Cathedral City, CA 1000,
WLMJ Jackson, OH 1000d KPTL Carson City, NV
KLCO Poteau, OK 1000d
5000, WCLU Covington. KY 5000 KMAK Fresno, CA 1000
WPNH Plymouth, NH 5000d WNGO Mayfield, KY 1000d KDOL Molave, CA 500,
KBDF Eugene, OR 5000, WIMG Ewing, NJ KIKS Sulphur, LA 500 KSFE Needles, CA 1000r
WBRX Berwick, PA 10000 WTNJ Ewing, NJ 5000, KNCB Vivian, LA 5000d KROV Oroville, CA 1000,
WHVR Hanover. PA 5000, WOSC Fulton, NY 1000d WICO Salisbury, MD 10000 KATY San Luls Obispo, CA 1000,
WKST New Castle, PA 1000 WXRL Lancaster, NY 1000, WARA Attleboro, MA 1000 KIST Santa Barbara, CA 1000,
WCMN Arecibo, PR 5000r
WANS Anderson, SC WORK Rensselaer, NY 50000 WILS Lansing, MI 5000r KOMY Watsonville, CA 1000,
5000, WGRC Spring Valley, NY
WJAY Mullins, SC 5000d
500d WDMJ Marquette, MI 5000, KDEN Denver, CO 1000
WYNG Goldsboro, NC 10000 WRJW Picayune, MS 5000d KOIL Grand Junction, CO 1000
WMCP Columbia, TN 5000, WLNC Laurinburg, NC
WDNT Dayton, TN 500, WKPG Port Gibson, MS 500d KVRH Salida, CO 1000
1000d WSYD Mt. Airy, NC
KEAN Abilene, TX 5000, WVLY Water Valley, MS 5000 WYCB Washington, DC 1000
5000 WPNH Plymouth,NC
KTTX Brenham, TX 500d KOZY Grand Rapids, MN 5000 WNHC New Haven, CT 1000
1000d WERE Cleveland, OH
KLUE Longview, TX 1000d
5000 KADI Clayton, MO 1000 WTAN Clearwater, FL 1000
WMVO Mt. Vernon. OH 500 KOLT Scottsbluff, NE 5000r WSLC Clermont, FL 250d
KRAN Morton, TX 500d KXXO Tulsa, OK 5000, KRDD Roswell, NM 1000d WROD Daytona Beach, FL 1000
KVWG Pearsall, TX 500d
KWMS Salt Lake City, UT
KALI The Dalles, OR 1000d WHHO Hornell, NY 5000d WDSR Lake City, FL 1000
5000, KHUG Medford, OR
WTTX Appomattox, VA 10000
5000d WAGY Forest City, NC 10000 WTYS Marianna, FL 1000
WYVE Wytheville, VA WWCH Clarion, PA 1000d WCOG Greensboro, NC 5000, WPBR Palm Beach, FL 1000r
2500d WHZN Hazleton, PA
KMAS Shelton, WA 1000d WKRK Murphy, NC 5000d WSEB Sebring, FL 1000
2500d WTIL Mayaguez. PR
KUDY Spokane, WA 1000 WEEW Washington, NC 500d WFSH Valparaiso, IN 1000
5000d WKTX Alken, SC
KIT Yakima, WA 500d KHRT Minot, ND 2500 WGAU Athens, GA 1000
5000, WCKI Greer, SC 10000 WHOK Lancaster. OH
WGLR Lancaster, W 5000 10000 WBRO Augusta, GA 1000,
WKSC Kershaw, SC 500 WOBL Oberland, OH 1000 WGAA Cedartown, GA 1000
WNAM Neenah, WI 5000, KOLY Mobridge, SD 5000d KKCC Clinton, OK 1000d WOKS Columbus, GA 1000
1290-232.4 WMTN Morristown, TN
WMAK Nashville, TN
50000
5000
KATR Eugene. OR
WKAP Allentown, PA
1000d
5000,
WEBT Lyons, GA
WTIF Tifton, GA
1000
1000
WOPP Opp, AL 2500r KVET Austin, TX 5000, WGET Gettysburg, PA 1000, KSKI Halley. ID 1000
WSHF Shelteld, AL 1000d KKUB Brownfield, TX 10000 WKPO Pittsburgh, PA 5000 KAIN Nampa, ID 1000
WMLS Sylacauga. AL 1000d KLAR Laredo, TX 1000, WBOW Scranton, PA 1000 KACH Preston, ID 1000
KETH Ketchlkan, AK 5000 KKAS Silsbee, TX 500d WUNO San Juan. PR WOO, WSOY Decatur, IL 1000 i
COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 61
U:S. AM STATIONS BY FREQUENCY
Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W. P. Call Location W. P.

WMON Montgomery, WV 1000 WCHO Camuy, PR 1000, KWK St. Louts, MO 5000,
WHPI Herrin, IL 1000
1000 WXEE Welch, WV 1000 WELD Easley, SC 1000d KUVR Holdrege, NE 5000
WJOL Joliet. IL 1000
WBIW Bedford, IN 1000 WLDY Ladysmith, WI 1000 WLCM Lancaster, SC 10000 WBBX Portsmouth, NH
1000r WBCS Milwaukee, WI 1000 WBLC Lenoir City, TN 10000 WAWZ Zarephath, NJ 5000
WTRC Elkhart, IN 500d
1000 KSGT Jackson, WY 1000 WNAH Nashville, TN 1000d WVIN Bath, NY
WLBC Muncie, IN
KROS Clinton, IA 1000 KYCN Wheatland, WY 250 KOIZ Amarillo, TX 500d WBNX New York. NY 5000
1000 KWOR Woreland, WY 1000 KACT Andrews, TX 1000d WRAO Asheville, NC 5000,
KCKN Kansas City, KS 5000
KSEK Pittsburg, KS 1000 KBUK Baytown, TX 1000 WBIC New Bern, NC
WTOB Winston- Salem, NC 5000,
WCMI Ashland, KY
WBGN Bowling Green, KY
1000
1000
1350-222.1 KRYS Corpus Christi, TX
KXOL Fort Worth, TX
1000
5000r WLRO Lorain, OH 5000
WELB Elba, AL 1000d WBOB Galax, VA 5000d WXIC Waverly, OH 1000d
WKCB Hindman, KY 1000
1000
WNBS Murray, KY 1000 WGAD Gadston. AL 501X1r WHBG Harrisonburg. VA 5000d KSWO Lawton. OK
WYLS York, AL 5000d KMO Tacoma, WA 5000 KMUS Muskogee, OK 1000,
WEKY Richmond, KY 1000
KVOB Bastrop. LA 1000 KNTB Bakersfield, CA 1000d WHJC Matewn. WV 1000d KBCH Lincoln City, OR 1000d
1000 KCKC San Bernsdlno, CA 5000r WMOV Ravenswood, VA 1000d KSRV Ontario, OR 5000,
KRMD Shreveport. LA 1000d
WFAU Augusta. ME 1000 KSRO Santa Rosa, CA 5000 WGEE Green Bay, WI 5000 WACB Kittanning. PA
WOME Dover- Foxcroft, ME 1000 KIDN Pueblo. CO 5000r WISV Viroqua, WI 1000 WMLP Milton, PA 1000d
WNLK Norwalk, CT 1000r WANE Menomonie, WI 1000d WAYZ Waynesboro. PA 1000d
WLVC Ft. Kent, ME 250
1000d
WHOU Houlton, ME 1000 WINY Putnam. CT 1000d KRKK Rock Springs, WY 5000, WNRI Woonsocket, RI
WCWR Cocoa, FL 1000 WAGS Blshopville, SC 1000d
WGAW Gardner, MA 1000
WGUS North Augusta, SC 10000
WNBH New Bedford, MA
Pittsfield, MA
1000
1000
WDCF Dade City, FL
WCAI Fori Myers, FL
1000,
1000d
1370-218.8 KOTA Rapid City, SD 5000
WBRK 1000d
WLEW Bad Axe, MI 1000 WBSG Blackshear, GA 2500d WBYE Calera, AL KOKD Redfield, SD 500d
WTWN Grind Rapids. MI 1000 WRWH Cleveland, GA 1000d KAWW Heber Springs, AR 1000d WYSH Clinton, TN 1000d
WAVC Warner Robins, GA 5000d KTPA Prescott, AK 1000d WIZO Franklin, TN 5000d
WCSR Hillsdale, MI 1000
WMTE Manistee, MI 1000 KIVM Llhue, HI 5000 KWRM Corona, CA 5000r WTNN Millington. TN 500d
KRLC Lewistown, ID KPCO Quincy, CA 500d KJET Beaumont, TX 1000d
WAGN Menominee, MI 1000
1000r
WWPZ Petoskey, MI 1000 Clarkstown, WA 5000, KEEN San Jose, CA 5000 KBWD Brownwood, TX
WEXL Ro1al Oak, MI 1000 WXCL Peoria, IL 1000 KGEN Tulare, CA 10000 KTSN El Paso, TX 5000,
WJBD Salem. IL 500d WWKE Ocala, FL 5000d KMUL Muleshoe, TX 1000d
KVBR Brsmerd, MN 1000
KDLM Detroit Lakes, MN 1000 WIOU Kokomo, IN 5000r WCOA Pensacola. FL 5000 KBOP Pleasanton, TX 10000
WEVE Eveloth, MN 1000 KRNT Des Moines, IA 5000 WAXE Vero Beach, FL 1000d WSYB Rutland, VT 1000,
1000 KMAN Manhattan. KS 5004 WLOP Jesup, GA 5000 WLRV Lebanon, VA 500d
KROC Rochester, MN
1000 WLOU Louisville, KY 5000d WFDR Manchester, Ga 1000d WTVR Richmond, VA 5000
KWLM Wilma,, MN 10000
WJMB Brookhaven, MS 1000 WSMB New Orleans, LA 5000 WLOV Washington, GA KRKO Everett, WA 5000
1000 WJEB Gladwin, Mi 1000d WPRC Lincoln, IL 10000 KCKO Spokane, WA 50 r
WAML Laurel, MS
1000d WHMI Howell, MI 5000 WTTS Bloomington, IN 5000, WMTD Hinton, WV 10 d
WKOZ Kosciusko, MS
KXEO Mexico, MO 1000 KCHK New Prague, MN 500d WLTH Gary, IN 1000
KLIO Poplar Bluff. MO 1000 KDIO Ortonvllle, MN
WCMP Pine City, MN
1000d
10000
KLBA Albin, LA
KDTH Dubuque, IA
500d
5000r
1390-215.7
KSMO Salem, MO 1000
WHMA Anniston, AL 5000,
WKCU Corinth, MS 1000d KGNO Dodge City, KS 5000r
KICK Springfield, MO 1000
KIKS Iola, KS 5000d KDON Dequeen, AR 500d
KCAP Helena, MT 1000 KCHR Charleston, MO 1000d
KBRX O'Neill, NE 1000d WABD Fort Campbell. KY 10000 KURM Rogers, AR 1000d
KPRK Livingston, MT 1000
KGER Long Beach, CA 5000
1000 WLNH Laconia, NH 5000d WGOH Grayson, KY 5000d
KATL Miles City, MT KGMS Sacramento, CA 5000
WHWH Princeton. NJ 5000 WTKY Tompkinsville, KY 2500d
KYLT Missoula, MT 1000
10000 KCEY Turlock, CA 5000
KHUB Fremont, NE 500 KABO Albuquerque. NM 5000, KAPB Marksvllle, LA
WCBA Corning. NY 10000 WDEA Ellsworth, ME 5000 KFML Denver, CO 5000d
KGFW Kearney, NE 1000 WAPR Avon Park, FL 1000d
KSID Sidney, NE 1000 WRNY Rome, NY 500d WZYO Frederick, MD 5000
WAMS Black Mountain, NC 500d WKIK Leonardtown, MD 1000 WAKA Gainesville, FL 5000d
KRAM Las Vegas. NV 1000 5000d
WHIP Mooresville, NC 10000 WWAM Cadillac, MI 5000, WISK Americus. GA
KBET Reno, NV 1000
WLLV Wilson. NC 10000 WGHN Grand Haven, MI 500 WTNL Reidsville, GA 500d
WDCR Hanover, NH 101X1
WVON Chicago, IL 5000
WMID Atlantic City, NJ 1000 WSLR Akron, OH 5000 KSUM Fairmont, MN 1000
WCSM Celina, OH 500d KDAN Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, WFIW Fairfield, IL 1000
KKBK Aztec, NM 1000
MN 500d WJCD Seymour, IN 1000
KKIT Talos. NM 250 WCHI Chllticotohe, OH 10000
KRHD Duncan, OK 250r WMGO Canton, MS 1000 KLNT Clinton. IA 1000d
KSIL Sliver City, NM 1000
KCBC Des Moines, IA 1000d
WMBO Auburn, NY 1000 KILO Tahlequah, OK 1000d KWRT Boonville. MO 10000
KDOV Ashland, OR 1000d KCRV Caruthersville, MO 1000d KNCK Concordia. KS 500d
WENT Gloversville- Johnston, WANT Albany, KY 1000d
NY 1000, WZIX York. PA 5000, KXLF Butte. MT 5000
WWBR Wlndber, PA 2500d KAWL York, NE 5000d WKIC Hazard, KY 50000
WKSN Jamestown. NY 250 WEGA Vega Baha, PR 500 WFEA Manchester. NH 5000 KFRA Franklin, LA 1000d
WLVL Lockport, NY 1000r WDAR Darlington, SC 1000d WELV Ellenville, NY 5000d WEGP Presque Isle, ME 5000
WMSA Mauena, NY 1000 WGSW Greenwood. SC 1000d WALK Patchogue, NY 500d KJPW Waynesboro, MO 1000 d
WALL Middletown, NY 1000 WRKM Carthage. TN 10004 WSAY Rochester, NY 5000 WCAT Orange, MA 1000d
WIRY Plattsburg, NY 1000 KCAR Clarksville, TX 500d WLTC Gastonia, NC 5000d WPLM Plymouth, MA 5000
WJRI Lenoir, NC 1000 KTXJ Jasper, TX 1000d WLLN Llllington, NC 2500d WGMY Charlotte, MI 5000d
WTSB Lumberton. NC 1000 KCOR San Antonio. TX 5000 WTAB Tabor City, NC 5000d KODS Duluth, MN 5000
WCBO Oxford, NC 1000dr WBLT Bedford, VA 1000d KFJM Grand Forks, ND 1000d KRFO Owatonna, MN 500d
WOOW Greenville, NC 1000 WFLS Fredericksburg, VA 10000 WSBD Toledo, OH 5000 KKCM Waite. MN 2500,
WGNI Wilmington, NC 1000 WNVA Norton, VA 5000d KBYL Holdenville, OK 500d WROA Gulfport-Biloxi. MS 5000
WAIR Winston -Salem, NC 1000 WNIS Portsmouth, VA 5000 KAST Astoria, OR 1000 WFEZ Meriden, MS 5000d
KPOK Bowman, NO 1000d WPDR Portage, WI 1000d KFIR Sweet Home, OR 1000d KJPW Waynesboro, MO 1000d
KXPO Grafton. MD 1000r WWCB Corry. PA 1000r KENN Farmington, NM 5000r
WNCO Ashland, OH
WOUB Athens. OH
1000
500r
1360-220.4 WPAZ Pottstown, PA
WKMC Roaring Spring, PA
1000d
5000d
KNOB Hobbs, NM
WEOK Poughkeepsie, NY
5000d
5000d
WIZE Springfield, OH 1000 W W WBJasper, AL 10000 WIVV Vieques, PR 5000 WRIV Riverhead, NY 10000
WSTV Steubenville, OH 1000 WPCY Mobile. AL 5000d WFBL Syracuse, NY 5000
WMYD Wlckford, RI 500d
KIHN Hugo, OK 1000 WMFC Monroeville, AL 1000d WEED Rocky Mount, NC 5000,
1000d
WDEF Chattanooga, TN 5000
KOCY Oklahoma City. OK 1000 WELR Roanoke. AL WDXE Lawrenceburg TN 10000 WADA Shelby, NC 1000,
KTOW Sand Springs, OK 500 KRUX Glendale, AZ 5000, WRGS Rogersville, TN 1000d WJRM Troy, NC 1000d
KLOO Corvallis, OR 1000 KLYR Clarkesvllle, AZ 500d KOKE Austin, TX 1000d KKOA Minot. ND 5000,
KWVR Enterprise, OR 250 KFFA Helena, AZ 1000 KFRO Longview, TX 1000 WTOO Bellefontaine, OH 500d
KIHR Hood River. OR 1000 KFIV Modesto, CA 5000, KPOS Post, TX 1000d WMPO Middleport- Pomeroy,
KBBR N. Bend, OR 1000 KZIO Rldgecrest, CA 10000 KSOP South Salt Lake City, OH 5000d
WCVI Connellsvllle, PA 1000 KGB San Diego, CA 5000, UT 10000 WFMJ Youngstown, OH 5000
WSAJ Grove City, PA 100 WDRC Hartford, CN 5000 WBTN Bennington, VT 1000d KCRC Enid, OK 1000
WOYL Oli City, PA WCGL Jacksonville, Fl S000d WHEE Martinsville, VA 50004 KSLM Salem, OR 5000,
WHAT Philadelphia, PA 1000 WKAT Miami Beach, FL 5000r WJWS South Hill, VA 5000d WLAN Lancaster, PA 5000,
WRAW Reading, PA 1000 WZNG Winter Haven, FL 5000, KWNC Quincy. WA 1000d WRSC State College, PA 250d
WTRN Tyrone, PA 1000 WAZA Bainbridge, GA 5000r WCOL P e w a u k e e , W I WISA Isabella, PR 1000,
WBRE Wilkes- Barre, PA 1000 WLAW Lawrenceville, GA 1000d WEIF Moundsville, WV 50000 WHPB Belton, SC 1000d
WWPA Williamsport, PA 1000 WMAC Metter, GA 5000 WCCN Neillsville, WI 5000d WCSC Charleston, SC 5000
WUNA Aqudllla, PR 250 WIYN Rome, GA 500d WCOL Pewukee, WI 500d KJAM Madison, SD 500d
WOKE Charleston. SC 1000 WLBK DeKalb- Sycamore, IL 10000 KSITY Cheyenne, WV 1000d WYXI Athens, TN 2500d
WRHI Rock HIII, SC 1000 WYER Mount Carmel, IL 5000 WIZO Frenklln,IN 50000
WSSC Sumter, SC
KIJV Huron, SD
1000
1000,
WGFA Watseka, IL
KHAK Cedar Rapids, IA
1000d
1000d
1380-217.3 WTJS Jackson, TN
WTNN Mllllnton, TN
5000,
1000d
KBKB Fort Madison. IA 1000d WRAB Arab, AL 1000d WMCT Mountain City, TN 1000d
KTOO Rapid City, SD 1000
WBAC Cleveland, TN 1000 KSCJ Sioux City, IA 5000 WGYV Greenville, AL 1000d KULP El Campo, TX 500d
WKRN Columbia, TN 1000 KOYY El Dorado, KS 500d WVSA Vernon, AL 5000d KBEC Waxahachie, TX 5000
WGRV Greenville. TN 1000 WFLW Monticello, KY 1000d KZUL Parker, AZ 2500 KBLO Logan, UT 5000,
WKGN Knoxville, TN 1000 KDXI Mansfield, LA 1000d KDXE N. Little Rock, AR 1000d WEAN Arlington, VA 5000
1000 KNIR New Iberia, LA 1000d KKZZ Lancaster. CA 1000d WWOD Lynchburg, VA 5000r
WLOK Memphis, TN
WCDT Winchester, TN 1000 KTLD Tallulah, LA 5000 KGMS Sacramento. CA 1000 WKLP Keyser, WV 1000d
1000 WEBB Bahlmore, MD S000d KTON Salinas, CA 5000 KBBO Yakima, WA 1000r
KWKC Abilene, TX
1000 WNSR Lynn, MA 1000d KFLI Waisenburg, CO 1000d
KHLD Burnet, TX
KAND Corsicana, TX 1000 WKYO Caro, MI 500d WNVR Naugatuck, CT 5000r
KSET El Paso, TX 1000 WKMI Kalamazoo, MI
KRWC Buffalo, MN
5000,
500d
WAMS Wilmington, DE
WLIZ Lake Worth, FL
5000r
1000d
1400 -214.2
KSKX Lubbock, TX 1000
WMSL Decatur, AL 1000,
KRBA Lufkin, TX 1000 KKBJ Bemldll, MN 5000r WDAT Ormond Beach, FL 5000,
5000 WLCY St. Petersburg, FL 5000 WXAL Demopolis, AL 1000,
KPDN Pampa, TX 1000 KMRN Cameron, MO
10000 WAOK Atlanta, GA 5000 WJLD Fairfield, AL 1000,
KOLE Port Arthur, TX 1000r KLRS Mountain Grove, MO
KICX McCook, NE 1000d WSIZ Ocilla, GA 5000d WFPA Fort Payne, AL 1000r
KTEO San Angelo, TX 1000 1000,
250 WNNJ Newton, NJ 1000d WBEL South Beloit, IL 5000 WJHO Opelika, AL
KVIC Victoria, TX -
5000 KXIV Phoenix, AZ 1000,
KMTI Ment', VT WWBZ Vineland, NJ 1000 WOHK Ft. Wayne, IN
KCIM Carroll, IA 1000 KTUC Tucson, AZ 1000,
WSTJ St. Johnsbury, VT 1000 KRRR Ruldoso, NM 50000
5000r KCII Washington, IA 1000d KVOY Yuma, AZ 1000,
WSTA Charlotte Amalie, VI 250 WKOP Binghamton, NY
10000 KCNW Fairway, KS 5000r KELD El Dorado, AR 1000r
KMTI Mani!, UT 1000, WMNS Olean, NY 1000,
1000 WCHL Chapel Hill, NC 5000r WMTA Central City, KY 500d KCLA Pine Bluff, AR
WKEY Covington, VA 10000 KWVN Wynne, AR 1000,
WHAP Hopewell, VA 1000 KEYZ Williston, MD 5000 WWKY Winchester, KY
5000 WYNK Baton Rouge, LA 5000d KRE Berkley, CA 1000,
WJMA Orange, VA 1000 WSAI Cincinnati, OH 1000r
1000 WWOW Conneaut, OH 5000 WKTJ Farmington, ME 1000d KRCO Indio, CA
KAGT Anacortes, WA KLUV Lompoc,CA 1000
KOTY Kennewick, WA 1000 KOHU Hermiston, OR 1000 WPHN Port Huron, MI 5000
1000d WPLB Greenville, MI 1000, KOMS Redding, CA 1000,
KAPA Raymond, WA 1000 KUIK Hillsboro, OR
1000 WIXZ McKeesport, PA 5000, KLIZ Brainerd, MN 5000 KSLY San Luis Obispo, CA 1000r
KWWW Wenatchee, WA KAAP Santa Paula, CA 1000,
1000 KROR Myrthle Creek. OR 5000d KAGE Winona, MN 1000d
WHAR Clarksburg, WV KTRT Truckee, CA 1000,
WEPM Martinsburg, WV 1000 WPPA Pottsville, PA 5000, WDLT Indianola, MS 500d

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


62
U.S. AM STATIONS BY FREQUENCY
Call Location W.P. Call Location Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P.

KUKI Ukiah, CA 1000r KILE Galveston, TX 1000 WHBN Harrodsburg, KY


KONG Visalia, CA 1000d WBIS Bristol, CT 500d
100W KGVL Greenville, TX 1000 WVJS Owensboro, KY 5000r KRDZ Wray, CO 5000d
KRLN Cannon City, CO 1000r KEBE Jacksonville, TX 1000 KPEL Lafayette, LA
KOTA Delta, CO
1000r WAYK Lehigh Acres, FL 5000r
1000 KIUN Pecos, TX 1000 WBSN New Bedford, MA 5000, WAJL Winter Park, FL
KFTM Ft. Morgan, CO 1000r 5000r
KEYE Perryton, TX 1000 WBEC Pittsfield, MA 5000 WWCC Bremen, GA
KBZZ La Junta, CO 1000
2500d
KVOP Plainview, TX 1000 WAMM Flint, Mi 500d WGIG Brunswick, GA 5000r
v KPAG Pagos. Springs, CO 1000r KDWT Stamford, TX 1000 WKPR Kalamazoo, MI 1000d WVMG Cochran, GA 1000d
WSTC Stanford, CN 1000 KTEN Temple, TX 1000 WTGE Kalkaska, MI WRAJ Anna, IL
WILTWllllmantk, CN 500d
1000 KTFS Texarkana, TX 1000 WEOC Kalkaska, MI 500d WRBA Normal, IL 1000r
WFTL Ft. Lauderdale, FL 1000 KVOU Uvalde, TX 1000 KTOE Mankato, MN 5000 WPRS Pans, IL
WPRY Parry, FL 10004
1000r KFTN Provo, UT 1000, WSUH Oxford, MS 1000d WGEM Oulncy, IL
WIRA Ft. Pierce, FL 5000r
1000 WDOT Burlington, VT 1000 WOBC Vicksburg, MS 1000 WROK Rockford, IL 5000
WRNE Ft. Walton Beach, FL 1000 WXAM Charlottesville, VA 1000 WIGG Wiggins, MS 1000d WPGW Portland, IN
WERD Jacksonville, FL 500d
1000 WHHV Hilleville, VA 1000 KBTN Neosho, MO 500 KCHE Cherokee, IA 500d
WIRR Sanford, FL 1000 WPCE Portsmouth, VA 1000r KESY Omaha, NE 1000d KSKX Topeka, KS
WPAS Zephyrhllls, FL 5000r
1000 WHLF South Boston, VA 1000 WASR Wolfeboro, NH 5000d WCDS Glasgow, KY 10004
WULF Alma, GA 1000 WINC Winchester, VA 1000 KSYX Santa Rose, NM 1000d WMDJ Marlin, KY
WSGC Elberton, GA 2500d
1000r KEDO Longview, WA 1000 WRMV Herkimer, NY 1000d WBGR Paris, KY 1000d
WNEX Macon, GA 1000 KRSC Othello, WA 1000 WACK Newark, NY 500 WEZJ Williamsburg, KY 1000d
WCOH Newnan, GA 1000 KTNT Tacoma, WA 1000 WLNA Peekskill, NY 5000r KMLB Monroe, AL
WSGA Savannah, GA 5000r
1000 WPOZ Clarksburg. WV 1000r WMYN Mayodan, NC 500d WJBO Westbrook -Portland,
KART Jerome, ID 1000 WRON Ronceverte, WV 1000r WGAS S. Gastonia, NC 500d ME 5000
KRPL Moscow, ID 1000 WVRC Spencer, WV 1000r WVOT Wilson, NC 1000r WFTO Worcester, MA
KIGO St. Anthony, ID 5000
1000 WKWK Wheeling, WV 1000r WHK Cleveland, OH 5000 WRDD Bay City, MI
KSPT Sandpoint, ID 5000r
1000 WBTH Williamson, WV 1000r KTJS Hobart, OK 1000d WDOW Dowaglac, Mi 1000d
WDWS Champaign, IL 1000 WATW Ashland, WI 1000r KYNG Coos Bey, OR 1000d WCHB Inkster, MI 1000
WGIL Galesburg, IL 1000 WJJK Eau Claire, WI 1000 WCOJ Coatesville, PA 5000 KORS Golden Valley, MN
WROZ Evansville, IN 5000r
1000 WDUZ Green Bay, WI 1000r WCED DuBois, PA 5000r WRBE Lucedele, MS 5000d
WBAT Marion, IN 1000 WRJN Racine, WI 1000r WEUC Ponce, PR 1000 WSEL Pontotoc, MS
KCOG Centerville, IA 10004
500, WRDB Reedsburg, WI 1000r WCRE Cheraw, SC 1000d WREY Millvllle, NJ 5000d
KVFD Fort Dodge, IA 1000 WRIG Wausau, WI 1000r KDBO Aberdeeneen, SD 1000d WNYG Babylon, NY
KVOE Emporia, KS 10004
1000 KATI Casper, WY 1000r WEMB Erwin, TN 5000d WJJL Magri' Falls, 10004
KAYS Hays, KS 1000 KODI Cody, WY 1000r WKSR Polaski, TN 1000 WEBO Oswego, NY 1000d
WCYN Cynthiana, KY 1000r KFYN Bonham, TX 250d WBLA Elizabethtown, NC 5000d
WIEL Elizabethtown, KY
WFTG London, KY
1000
1000r
1410 -212.6 KPAR Granbnury,TX WBUY Lexington, NC 5000r
KLFB Lubbock, TX 500 KKXL Grand Forks, ND 1000r
WFPR Hammond, LA 1000 WUNI Mobile, AL 5000 KLUF Lufkin, TX 1000 WHHH Warren, OH
KAOK Lake Chades, LA WPXC Prattville, AL 5000r 5000
1000 KGNB New Braunfels, TX 1000d KMED Medford, OR
KWLA Many, LA WZZA Tuscumbla, AL 500d 5000r
1000r KPEP San Angelo. TX 1000d KODL The Dalles, OR 5000r
WRDO Augusta, ME 1000 KTCS Fort Smith, AR 1000d WWSR St. Albans, VT
KERN Bakersfield, CA
1000d WCDL Carbondale, PA 5000d
WIDE Biddeford, ME 1000r 1000 WKYY Amherst, VA 1000d WNPV Lansdale, PA
WMCS Machias, ME KRML Carmel, CA 500
1000 500d WDDY Glouchester, VA 1000d WGCB Red Lion, PA 1000d
WWIN Baltimore, MD 1000 KBIK Lompoc, CA 500d WKCW Warrenton, VA 5000d
KMYC Marysville, CA
WOOK Greenville, SC 5000
WALE Fall River, MA 1000 5000r KITI Centralia, WA 1000 WKHJ Holly HIII, SC
KCAL Redlands, CA 1000
WLLH Lowell, MA 1000 5000r KSCR Renton, WA 500d WZYX Cowan, TN 1000d
WHMP North Hampton, MA 1000 KCOL Ft. Collins, CO 1000 KUJ Walla Wslie, WA 5000 WHDM McKenzie, TN
WPOP Newington, CT 500d
WKNR Battle Creek, MI 1000 5000 WPLY Plymouth, WI 500d KPUR Amarillo, TX 5000r
WJBL Detroit, MI 1000 WDOV Dover, DE 5000 KEYS Corpus Christi, TX
WMYR Ft. Meyers, FL 1000
WCCY Houghton, MI
WOXO Munising, MI
1000r
1000 WZST Leesburg, FL
5000
5000d 1430 -209.7 KDNT Denton, TX
KELG Elgin, TX
5000r
WKOE Tallahassee, FL 500
WSAM Saginaw, MI 1000 5000d WRNG Red Bay, AL 1000d KETX Livingston, TX 5000d
WSJN St. Joseph, MI 1000 WGRI Griffin, GA 000d WFHK Pell City, AL 1000d WKLV Blackstone, VA
WDAX McRae, GA 5000d
WTCM Traverse City, Mt 1000 1000d KHBM Monticello, AR 1000d WOHN Herndon, VA
WLAO Rome, GA 10004
KEYL Long Prairie, MN 1000 1000 KAMP El Centro, CA 1000d KXXR Spokane, WA
WRMN Elgin, IL 50004
KMHL Marshall, MN 1000 1000r KARN Fresno, CA 5000 WHIS Bluefield, WV
KEEY Minneapolis -St. Paul, WTIN Taylorville, IL 5000r
1000 KALI San Gabriel, CA 5000 WAJR Morgantown, WV
WAZY Lafayette, IN 1000d
5000r
MN 1000r KJAY Sacramento, CA 5000d WNFL Green Bay, WI 5000r
WHLB Virginia, MN 1000 KGRN Grinnell, IA 500d KNTA Santa Clara, CA 5000
KJJR Whitefish, MT
WBIP Booneville, MS 1000
KLEN LeMars, IA
KCLO Levenwonh, KS
1000d
5000d
KOSI Aurora, CO
WODI Homestead, FL
5000 1450 -206.8
500
WMBC Columbus, MS 1000 KOAM Wichita, KS 5000 WOPD Lakeland, FL 5000r WDNG Anniston, AL 1000r
WNAG Grenada, MS 1000 WLBJ Bowling Green, KY 5000r WWWO Panama City, FL 5000 WYAM Bessemer, AL 1000r
WFOR Hattiesburg, MS 1000 WHLN Harlan, KY 5000 WGFS Covington, GA 1000d WCOX Camden, AL 1000
WJOS Jackson, MS 1000 KDBS Alexandria, LA 1000d WRCD Dalton, GA 1000d WDIG Dothan, AL 1000r
KFRU Columbia, MO 1000 WHAG Halfway, MD 1000 WWGS Tifton, GA 5000r WDLK Dadeville, Al 250
KJCF Festus, MO 1000 WOKW Brockton, MA 1000d WEEF Highland Park- Deenield, WFIX Huntsville, AL 1000r
KSIM Sikeston, MO 1000 WGRD Grand Rapids, Mi 1000d IL 1000d WLAY Muscle Shoals, AL 1000r
KTTS Springfield, MO 1000 KLFD Litchfield, MN 500d WCMY Ottawa, IL 500d KLAM Cordova, AK 250
KDRG Deer Lodge, MT 1000 KRWB Roseau, MN 1000 WIRE Indianapolis, IN 5000 KDAP Douglas. AZ 1000r
KXGN Glendlve, Mt 1000 WRDC Cleveland, MS 1000d KASI Ames, IA 1000d KNOT Prescott, AZ 1000r
KRRR Greet Fells, MT 1000 WMYO Newton, MS 500d WLCB Buffalo, KY 500d KVSL Show Low, AZ 1000r
KJJR Whitefish, MT 1000r KBCC Cuba, MO 1000d WYMC Mayfield, KY 1000 KFLT Tucson, AZ 1000r
KBRB Ainsworth, NE 1000 KAHL North Platte, NE 5000r KMRC Morgan City, LA 500d KENA Mena, AR 1000r
KCOW Alliance, NE 1000 WHTG Eatontown, NJ 500d WNAV Annapolis, MD 5000r KJWH Camden, AR 1000
KLIN Lincoln, NE 1000 WDOE Dunkirk, NY 1000r WTTT Amherst, MA 5000d KYOR Blythe, CA 1000r
KVEG Henderson, NV 1000r WELM Elmira, NY 1000r WXKS Medford, MA 5000d KAVA Burney, CA 1000r
KWMA Winnmucca, NV 1000 WBZA Glens Falls, NY 1000d WION Ionia, MI 5000d KOWN Escondido, CA 1000r
WBRL Berlin, NH 1000r WOTT Watertown, NY 5000r WBRB Mount Clemens, MI 500r KPSI Palm Springs, CA 1000r
WTSL Hanover, NH 1000 WEGO Concord, NC 1000d WLAU Laurel, MS 5000d KTIP Porterville, CA 1000r
WLTN Littleton, NH 1000 WSRC Durham, NC 5000d KSOA Ava, MO 500d KEST San Francisco, CA 1000r
KTRC Santa Fe, NM 1000 WVCB Shallotte, NC 500d KAOL Carrollton, MO 500d KVML Sonora, CA 1000r
KCHS Truth or Consequences, KHOL Beulah, ND 1000d WIL SI. Louis, MO 5000 KVEN Ventura, CA 1000r
NM 250 WING Dayton, OH 5000 KRGI Grand Island, NE 5000r KOBO Yuba City, CA 500r
KPAM Portland, OR 5000d WNJR Newark, NJ 5000 KGIW Alamosa, CO 1000
KTNM Tucumcarl, NM 1000 WLSH Lansford, PA KYOU Greeley. CO
5000d KCRX Roswell, NM 5000r 1000
WOND Pleasantville, NJ 1000 KOV Pittsburgh, PA KMKR Meeker, CO 1000r
WABY Albany, NY 5000 WENE Endicott, NY 5000
1000 WPCC Clinton, SC WNAB Bridgeport, CT 1000
WYSL Buffalo, NY 1000d WMNC Morganton, NC 5000r
1000 WYMB Manning, SC WILM Wilmington, DE
1000d WDJS Mt. Olive, NC 1000d 1000
WSLB Ogdensburg, NY 1000 WTNR Kingston, TN WOL Washington, DC
500d WRXO Roxboro, NC 1000d 1000
WBMA Beaufort. NC 1000 WCMT Martin, TN WWJB Brooksville, FL 1000
WGBG Greensboro, NC 1000d KTYN Minot, MD 5000d
1000 KBUD Athens, TX WMFJ Daytona Beach, FL
WSHB Raeford, NC 1000d WFOB Fostoria, OH 1000 1000
1000 KBAN Bowle, TX WOCN Miami, FL
WSIC Statesville, NC 500d WCLT Newark, OH 500d 1000
1000 KJCH Cleveland, TX WBSR Pensacola, FL
WLSE Wallace, NC 1000
500 KALV Alva, OK 500 1000
KXIT Dalhart, TX 500d KELI Tulsa, OK 5000 WSPB Sarasota, FL 1000
WHCC Waynesville, NC 1000 KKYR Marshall, TX WSTU Stuart, FL
500d KGAY Salem, OR 5000d 1000
WSMY Weldon, NC 1000 KRIG Odessa, TX WTAL Tallahassee, FL
KODJ Jamestown, ND 1000 WVAM Altoona, PA 5000r 1000
1000 KBAL San Saba, TX WGPC Albany, GA
500d WNEL Caguas, PR 5000r 1000
WMAN Mansfield, OH 1000 KNAL Victoria, TX WBHF Cartersville, GA
WPAY Portsmouth, OH 500 WBLR Galesburg, SC 5000d 1000
1000 WGGM Chester, VA WCON Connelle, GA
KWON Bartlesville, OK 5000d WATP Marion, SC 5000d 1000r
1000 WRIS Roanoke, VA WKEU Griffin, GA
KTMC McAlester, OK 5000d WBUG Rldgeland, SC 1000d 1000
1000 WSCW South Charleston, WV 1000d WMVG Milledgeville, GA
KNOR Norman, OK KBRK Brookings, SD 1000d 1000
1000 WIZM La Crosse, WI WOOT Savannah, GA
KNND Cottage Grove, OR 1000 5000 WJBE Knoxville, TN 1000d 1000r
KWYO Sheridan, WY 5000r WJRB Madison, TN 5000r WVLD Valdosta, GA 1000
KJOY John Day, OR 1000 KBFI Bonners Ferry. ID
WEST Easton, PA WWEE Memphis, TN 1000d 1000r
1000
WJET Erie, PA 1000 1420 -211.1 KSTB Breckenridge, TX 1000d KVSI Montpelier, ID
KYET Payette, ID
1000r
WFEC Harrisburg, PA KEES Gladewater, TX 5000r 250
1000 WACT Tuscaloosa, AL 5000d KEEP Twin Falla, ID
WAMO Loretto, PA KCOH Houston, TX 1000d 1000r
1000r KTAN Sierra Vista, AZ 1000r WKEI Kewanee, IL
WKBI St. Mary, PA 1000 KLO Ogden, UT 5000 500r
KXOW Hot Springs, AR 5000d WXOL Clcero,ll 1000
WICK Scranton, PA 1000 KPOC Pocahontas, AR WIVE Ashland, VA 1000
1000d WCVS Springfield, IL 1000
WRAK Williamsport, PA 1000 KSTN Stockton, CA WKEX Blacksburg, VA 1000d
5000r WDIC Cllnchco, VA WLYV Ft. Wayne, IN 1000r
WIDA Carolina, PR 500 WLIS Old Saybrook, CT 10000 5000d
KBRC Mt. Vernon, WA 5000r WXVW Jeffersonville, IN 1000
WCOS Columbia, SC 1000 WBRD Bradenton, FL 1000 WASK Lafayette, IN
WGTN Georgetown, SC WEIR Weirton, WV 1000 1000
WDBF Delray Beach, FL 5000r WAOV Vincennes, IN 1000
WKDY Spartansburg, SC 1000 WAOC St. Augustine, FL WBEV Beaver Dam, WI 1000
1000d KLWW Cedar Rapids, IA 1000r
KBJM Lemmon, SD 1000 WAVO Avondale Estates, GA WRDN Durand, WI 1000d
1000d KYET Payette, ID 250
WJZM Clarksville, TN 1000 WRCG Columbus, GA
WHUB Cookeville, TN 1000 WPEH Lousivllle, GA
5000
1000d 1440 -208.2 KWBW Hutchinson, KS
WCKO Campbellsville, KY
1000
1000
WLSB Copperhill, TN 1000 WLET Toccoa, GA 5000d WHHY Montgomery, AL 5000r WWXL Manchester, KY
WKPT Kingsport, TN 1000
1000 KCCN Honolulu, HI 5000 KXAM Scottsdale, AZ 5000d WPAD Paducah, KY
WGAP Maryville, TN 1000
1000 WINI Murphysboro, IL 500 KHOG Fayetteville, AR 1000d WLKS W. Liberty, KY
WHAL Shelbyville, TN 1000
1000 WIMS Michigan City, IN 5000 KITA Little Rock, AR 5000d KSIG Crowley, LA 1000
WAAN Waynesboro, TN 1000 WDC Davenport, IA 5000 KVON Napa, CA 5000r KNOC Natchitoches, LA
KRUN Ballinger, TX 1000
1000 KJCK Junction City, KS 1000d KRLA Pasadena, CA WWIW New Orleans, LA
KBYG Big Spring, TX 1000 1000
KULY Ulysses, KS 1000r KPRO Riverside, CA 1000 WLKN Lincoln, ME
KUNO Corpus Christi, TX 1000 1000
WTCR Ashland, KY 5000r KUHL Santa Mana, CA 5000r WRKD Rockland. ME Iona,
COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 63
U.S. AM STATIONS BY FREQUENCY
Call Location W.P. Call Location W. P. Call Location W. P. Call Location W. P.

WZEP DeFuniak Springs, FL 1000d VA 50000 KOFE St. Marles, ID 1000r


WXIV South Paris. ME 1000r
WPDO Jacksonville, FL 5000 WTZE Tazewell. VA 5000d WKRO Cairo, IL 1000r
WTOB Cumberland. MD 1000
WDYX Buford, GA 5000d KELA Centralia- Chehalis, WA 5000r WDAN Denville, IL 1000
WTHU Thurmond, MD 500r
1000
WROY Cannl, IL 1000d KSEM Moses Lake, WA 5000r WESL East St. Louis, IL
WMAS Springfield. MA 1000
WATZ Alpena Township, MI 1000r WIXN Dixon, IL 1000d KAPS Ni Versnon, WA
. 5000 WOPA Oak Park, IL 1000
WHTC Holland, MI 1000 WRTL Rantoul, IL 500d WKSD Huntington, WV 50000 WZOE Princeton, IL 1000
1000r WKAM Goshen, IN 1000r WBKV West Bend, WI 1000d WKBV Richmond, IN 1000r
WMIO Iron Mountain, MI 1000
WXCM Jackson, MI 1000 WOCH North Vernon, IN 1000d KWIV Doualas. WY' 1000r WNDU South Bend, IN
KSO Des Moines, IA 5000 KBUR Burlington. IA 1000
WKLA Ludington, MI 1000
WNBY Newberry, MI 1000 KKOY Chanute, KS 1000d 1480 -202.6 WDBO Dubuque, IA
KBAB Indianola. IA
1000
500r
WHLS Port Huron. MI 1000 WBPA Elkhorn City, KY
WRVK Mt. Vernon, KY 500d WARI Abbebille, AL 10000 KRIB Mason City, IA 1000
KATE Albert Lea. MN 1000
WBTS Bridgeport, AL 10000
KBUN Bemidji, MN 1000r WXOK Baton Rouge. LA 5000r KKAN Phillipsburg, KS 1000
KBSF Springhill, LA 1000d WLPH Irondale, AL 5000d KTOP Topeka, KS 1000
KBMW Breckenridge, MN 1000r
WABB Mobile, AL
1000r WEMD Easton. MD 1000r 5000 WFKY Frankfort, KY 1000
WELY Ely, MN KPHX Phoenix, AZ 10000
WBET Brockton, MA 5000r WKAY Glasgow, KY 1000
KCLO St. Cloud, MN 1000r
KTHS Berryville, AR 50000
WROX Clarksdale. MS 1000r WBRN Big Rapids, MI 1000d WOMI Owensboro, KY 1000
WPON Pontiac, MI 1000r KWUN Concord, CA 500 WSIP Painesville, KY 1000
WCJU Columbia. MS 1000,
KRED Eureka, CA 5000r WIKC Bogalusa, LA 1000
WJXN Jackson, MS 1000, KDWA Hastings, MN 1000d
KDMA Montevideo. MN 1000 KYOS Mercedes, CA 5000 KEUN Eunice, LA 1000
WOIC Meridian. MS 1000r
KWIZ Santa Ana, CA 5000
1000r KKAO Thelf River Falls, MN 1000d KJIN Houma, LA 1000
WNAT Nalchez, MS KSEE Santa Marla, CA 1000d
1000r WELZ Belzoni, MS 1000d KRUS Ruston, LA 1000
WROB West Point. MS KPUB Pueblo. CO 1000d
WCIS Moss Point, MS 500d WPOR Portland, ME 1000
KFTW Fredericktown, MO 1000 WKND Windsor, CT 500d
1000 KIRL St. Charles, MO 5000r WTVL Waterville, ME 1000
WNBH Joplin, MO WAPG Arcadia, FL 10000
KIRX Kirksville, MO 1000 KRNY Kearney, NE 5000d WARK Hagerstown. MD 1000
KENO Las Vegas, NV 5000r WGNE Panama City Beech. FL 500d WHAV Haverhill, MA 1000
KOKO Warrensburg. MO 1000
WVCF Ococee, FL 1000d
KWPM West Plains, MO 1000 WJJZ Mt. Holly, NJ 5000d WMRC Milford. MA 1000
WOKO Albany, NY 5000 WYZE Atlanta, GA 5000d KNUS West Springfield, MA 1000r
KXXL Bozeman. MT 1000
WRDW Augusta, GA 5000
KODI Great Falls, MT 1000r WVOX New Rochelle, NY 500d WABJ Adrian, MI 1000
WGSB Geneva. IL 1000r WTIO Manistique, MI 1000r
KGRZ Missoula, MT 1000 WWWG Rochester, NY 5000
WJBM Jerseyville, IL
KRBN Red Lodge. MT 1000 WAKS Fuquay- Varina, NC 5000d 500d WMPX Midland, MI 1000
500d WTHI Terre Haute, IN 5000r WLRO Whitehall, MI 1000r
KTXX Whitefish, MT WRKB Kannapolis, NC 1000r
500d WRSW Warsaw, IN KXRA Alexandria, MN 1000
KVCK Wolf Point, MT 1000 WMMH Marshall, NC KLEE Ottumwa, IA 500d
KLTC Dickinson, ND 5000 KLGR Redwood Fells, MN 1000
KWBE Beatrice. NE 1000
KBEA Mission, KS 1000r
KONE Reno. NV 1000 WBNS Columbus, OH 5000r WLOX Biloxi, MS 1000
1000, KWKN Wichita, KS 5000 WCLD Cleveland, MS 1000
WKXL Concord, NH 1000 WPVL Painesville, OH
50000 WKOA Hopklnsville, KY 10000 WHOC Philadelphia, MS 1000
WON Atlantic City, NJ 1000, CROW Dallas. OR
WNKY Neon, KY 1000d
KCAN El Reno, OK 500d WTUP Tupelo, MS 1000
WCTC New Brunswick, NJ 1000
WTLO Somerset, KY 1000d
KLUX Clayton. NM 1000 WMBA Ambridge, PA 500d WJFL Vicksburg, MS 1000r
1000 WCMB Harrisburg, PA 5000 KCKW Jena, LA 500d KDMO Carthage, MO 1000
KOBE Las Cruces, NM KJOE Shreveport. LA 1000d
WFAB Juncos, PR 500d KTTR Rolla. MO 1000
KENM Portales, NM 1000
WSAR Fall River, MA 5000
WFBA San Sebastian, PR 500 KDRO Sedalia, MO 1000r
WCLI Corning, NY 1000
WOOG Allendale, SC 10000 WMAX Grand Rapids, 5000d KLYC Laurel, MT 1000r
WWSC Glen Fails. NV 1000r
WMOS Tawas City -E. Tawas,
WHDL Olean. NV 1000 WBCU Union. SC 1000 KDBM Dillan, MT 1000
WKIP Poughkeepsie. NY 1000 WOZO Jackson. TN 1000d MI 1000d KLYC Laurel, MT
WKAL Rome, NY 1000 WEEN Lafayette, TN 1000d WSDS Ypsilanti, MI 5000d KYNN Omaha, NE 1000r
WATA Boone, NC 1000 KBRZ Freeport, TX 500d KAUS Austin, MN 1000
KEHG Fosston, MN 5000 WENJ Laconia, NH 1000
WGNC Gastonia. NC 1000 KRME Hondo, TX 500d WUSS Atlantic City, NY 1000r
WIZS Henderson, NC 1000 KLLL Lubbock, TX 1000d KPIA Ironton, MO 50004
KGCX Sidney, MT 5000 KRSN Los Alamos, NM 1000
WHKP Hendersonville, NC 1000 WACO Waco, TX 1000 KRTN Raton, NM 1000
WHIT New Bern, NC 1000 WPRW Manassas. VA 5000 KLMS Lincoln, NE 5000r
KWEW Hobbs, NM 5000r WCSS Amsterdam, NY 1000
WEBS Spring Lake. NC 1000 WRAD Redford. VA 5000r WBTA Batavia. NY 500r
KGCA Rugby. MD 1000 KGAA Kirkland, WA 5000r WLEA Hornell, NY 2500d
WJIT New York, NY 5000 WKNY Kingston, NY 1000
WJER Dover -New Philadelphia KMWX Yakima, WA 5000 WICY Malone, NY 1000
OH 1000 WBUC Buckhannon, WV 5000d WADR Remsen, NY 5000d
WWKO Fair Bluff, NC 1000d WDLC Port Jervis, NY 1000
WMOH Hamilton, OH 1000 WWEG Racine, WI 500d WLOF Syracuse, NY 1000
WTMB Tomah, WI 1000d WAME Charlotte, NC 5000
WLEC Sandusky, OH 1000 WOUR Durham, NC 1000
KWHW Altus, OK 1000 WLTM Franklin, NC
WLOE Eden, NC 1000
KGFF Shawnee, OK 1000 1470 -204.0 WYRN Louisburg, NC
WYDK Yadkinvllle, NC
500d
1000d WFLB Fayetteville. NC 1000
KSIW Woodward, OK 1000 WBLO Evergreen, AL 1000d WRNB New Bern, NC 1000
WHBC Canton, OH 5000
KEED Eugene, OR 1000 KAZM Sedona, AZ 5000d WCIN Cincinnati. OH 5000r WRNT Rocky Mount, NC 1000
KFLS Kalmath Falls. OR 1000r KEDW DeWitt. AR 500d WSTP Salisbury. NC 1000
WCNS Latrobe, PA 5000
KLBM La Grande, OR 1000 KWXI Glenwood, AZ 2500d WSVN Valdese, NC 1000
WDAS Philadelphia, PA 5000
KBPS Portland. OR 1000 KSVA Sierra Vista, AZ 1000 WWIL Wilmington. NC 1000r
WISL Shamokin, PA
WEYZ Erle, PA 1000 KOLI Coalinga, CA WSHP Shlppensburg, PA 500d KNDC Hettinger, ND 1000
WFRA Franklin, PA 1000 KOAC Glenwood. AR 2500d KOVC Valley City, ND 1000
WOAD Indiana. PA 1000 WMDD Fajardo, PR 5000
KOKI Coalinga, CA 500d KSDR Waterton. SD 1000d WBEX Chillicothe, OH 1000
WPAM Pottsville, PA 1000 KUXX Palmdale, CA 5000r WJMO Cleveland Heights, OH 1000
WJFC Jefferson City, TN 500d
WMPT S. Williamsport. PA 1000 KXOA Sacramento, CA 5000r WMOM Memphis. TN 5000d WOHI East Liverpool, OH 1000
WMAJ State College, PA 1000 KSIR Estes Park, CO 10000 WMOA Marlette, OH 1000
1000 WJLE Smithvllle, TN 1000d
WJPA Washington, PA KRDZ Wray. CO 1000d WNBG Waynesboro, TN WMRN Marlon, OH 1000
WCPR Coamo, PR 1000 WMMW Meriden, CT 5000r 5000r KOKC Guthrie, OK 500r
1000r KBOX Dallas, TX
WKRI West Warwick, RI WWOT Dunedin. FL 5000d KLVL Pasadena, TX 1000r KBIX Muskogee, OK 1000
WOSN Charleston, SC 1000 WRBD Pompano Beech, FL 5000r KBKR Baker. OR 1000
1000r KAPE San Antonio, TX 500d
WCRS Greenwood, SC WBIT Adel. GA 1000d KONI Spanish Fork, UT 1000d KRNR Roseburg. OR 1000
WMYB Myrtle Beach, SC 1000 WCCD Athens, GA KBZY Salem. OR 1000
WHSC Hartsville, SC WCFR Springfield. UT 5000d
1000 WCLA Claxton, GA 1000d WESB Bradford. PA 1000
WBBL Richmond, VA 5000
KBFS Belle Fourche, SD 1000 WRGA Rome, GA 5000 WLEE Richmond. VA 5000 WAIL Hazleton, PA 1000
KYNT Yankton, SD 1000 WMPP Chicago Heights, IL 1000d 5000d WJNL Johnstown, PA 1000
WLAR Athens, TN 1000 WUEZ Salem. VA
WMBD Peoria, IL 5000 KLAY Lakewood, WA WLPA Lancaster, PA 1000r
WMOC Chattnoonga, TN 1000 WHUT Anderson, IN 1000d KARO Vancouver, WA 1000 WBCB Levittown, PA 1000
WDSG Dyersburg, TN 1000 KWSL Sioux City, IA 5000 WISM Madison, WI 5000 WMRF Lewiston, PA 1000
WSMG Greeneville, TN 1000 KWAY Waverly, IA 10000 1000d WMGW Meadville, PA 1000
KRAE Cheyenne, WY
WLAF LaFollette, TN 1000 KARE Atchison, KS 1000 WNBT Welleboro, PA 1000
WGNS Murfreesboro, TN 1000
KAYC Beaumont, TX 1000
KLIB Liberal, KS
WSAC Ft. Knox, KY
1000d
1000d 1490 -201.2 WZBS Ponce. PR
WSIB Beaufort. SC
1000r
500
KBEN Carrion Springs, TX 1000, WFSR Harlan, KY 1000d WANA Anniston, AL 1000r WGCD Chester, SC 1000
KCTI Gonzalez. TX 250 WBFC Stanton, KY 1000d' WAJF Decatur, AL 1000r WMRB Greenville, SC 1000
KMBL Junction, TX 1000 KTDL Farmersvllle, LA 1000d WRLD Lanett, AL 1000r WSDC Hartsville, SC 250
KCYL Lampasas, TX 1000 KLCL Lake Charles, LA 5000 WHBB Selma, AL 1000r KORN Mitchell, SD 1000
KMHT Marshall, TX 1000 WLAM Lewiston, ME 5000 KCUZ Clifton, AZ 1000r WOPI Bristol, TN 1000
KNET Palestine. TX 1000 WJDY Salisbury, MD 5000d KYCA Prescott, AZ 1000r WOXB Chattanooga, TN 1000r
KSNY Snyder, TX 1000 WTTR Westminster, MD 1000d KAIR Tucson. AZ 1000r WCSV Crossville, TN 1000r
KURA Moab, UT 1000 WSRO Marlboro, MA 1000r KXAR Hope, AR 1000r WITA Knoxville, TN
KEYY Provo, UT 1000r WNBP Newburyport, MA 500d KDRS Paragold, AR 1000r JJN Lewisburg, TN 1000
KDXU St. George. UT 1000r WKMF Flint, Mi 5000r KOTN Pine Bluff, AR 1000r WDXL Lexington, TN 1000
WSNO Barre. VT 1000 WYYY Kalamazoo. MI 500d KWAC Bakersfield, CA 1000, KNOW Austin, TX 1000
WTSA Brattleboro, VT 1000 KTWN Anoka, MN 1000d KGUD Banning, CA 250 KIBL Beeville, TX 1000
WFTR Front Royal, VA 1000r WCHJ Brookhaven, MS 1000d KICO Calexico, CA 1000r KBST Big Springs, TX 1000
WENZ Highland Springs, VA 1000 WNAU New Albany, MS 500 KRKC Ging City, CA 1000r KOTY Borger, TX 1000
WREL Lexington, VA 1000r KGHM Brookfield, MO 500d KTOB Petaluma, CA 1000r KNEL Brady, TX 1000
WMVA Martinsville, VA 1000r KTCB Maiden, MO 1000d KBLF Red Bluff, CA 1000r KWMC Del Rio, TX 1000
WFOG Suffolk, VA 1000r WTKO Ithaca, NY 5000r KDB Santa Barbare, CA 1000r KSAM Huntsville, TX 1000
KBKW Aberdeen, WA 1000R WPDM Potsdam, NY 1000d KOWL S. Lake Tahoe, CA 1000r KVOZ Laredo, TX 1000
KCLX Colfax, WA 1000r WVBS Burgaw, NC 1000d KSWC Yreka, CA 1000r KZZN Littlefield, TX 1000
KONP Port Angeles, WA 250 WBIG Greensboro, NC 5000 KBOL Boulder, CO 1000 KPLT Perte, TX 1000
KRPM Puyallup, WA 1000, WPNC Plymouth, NC 5000d KGUC Gunnison, CO 1000 KDOK Tyler, TX 1000
WWBB Madison, WV 1000r WTOE Spruce Plne, NC 1000d KIIO Manitou Springs, CO 500r KVWC Vernon, TX 1000
WPAR Parkersburg, WV 1000r WOHO Toledo, OH 1000 WGCH Greenwich, CT 1000 KJON Ogden, UT 1000
KFIZ Fond du Lac, WI 1000r KVLH Paula Valley, OK 10000 WTRL Bradenton, FL 1000 WKVT Brattleboro, VT 1000
WDLB Marshfield, WI 1000, KVIN Vivita, OK 500 WETO De Land, FL 1000 WFAD Middlebury, VT 1000
WRCO Richland Center, WI 1000r KDUN Reedsport, OR 5000d WKEM Immokalee, FL 1000 WYKR Wells River, VT 1000r
KBBS Buffalo, WY 1000r WSAN Allentown, PA 5000 WMBM Miami Beach, FL 1000 WIKE Newport, VT 1000
KVOW Riverton, WY 1000r WFAR Farrell, PA 1000r WCKC Milton, FL 1000r WCVA Culpeper, VA 1000
WRML Portage, PA 500d WPXE Starke, FL 1000 WPAK Farmvllle, VA 1000r
1460-205.4 WKCK Orocovis, PR 1000 WTTB Vero Beach, FL 1000 WWDE Hampton, VA 1000
WFMH Cullman, AL 5000r WOXL Columbia. SC 5000d WSIR Winter Haven, FL 1000r WAYB Waynesboro, VA 1000
WPNX Phenix City, AL 5000r WINH Georgetown, SC 5000d WMOG Brunswick, GA 1000 KBRO Bremerton, WA 1000
KCOT Marianna, AR 500d WEAG Alcoa, TN 1000d WMJM Cordele, GA 1000 KVAC Forks, WA 1000
KCCL Parts, AR 500d WVOL Berry Hill, TN 5000, WYYZ Jasper, GA 1000r KNCW Grand Coulee, WA
KTYM Inglewood, CA 5000r KRBC Abilene, TX 5000r WRED Monroe, GA 1000r KLOG Kelso, WA 1000
5000 KDHN Demmitt, TX 5000 WSFB Quitman, GA 250 KENE Toppenish. WA 1000
KDON Salinas, CA
KVRE Santa Rota, CA 10000 KWRD Henderson, TX 500d WSNT Sandersville, GA 1000r KTEL Walla Walla, WA 1000
KYSN Colorado Spdngs, CO 1000 KCNY San Marcos, TX 500d WSYL Sylvania, GA 1000 WXIT Charleston, WV 1000
WBAR Bartow. FL 1000d WBTX Broadway- Tlmbervllle, KCID Caldwell, ID 1000 WTCS Fairmont, WV 1000

64 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


U.S. AM STATIONS BY FREQUENCY
Can Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Coll Location W.P.

WAEY Princeton, WV 1000 KSIB Creston, IA 10000 WBTC Uhrtchvllte, OH 250d WTRO Warsaw, NC 100000
WSGB Sutton, WV 1000 WHIC Hardinsburg, KY 1000d WRCP Philadelphia, PA 50000d WBKC Chardon. OH 1000d
WGEZ Beloit, WI 1000 WRSL Stanford, KY 500d WARD Pittston, PA 1000d WTNS Coshocton, OH 1000d
WLCX La Crosse, WI 1000 KXKW Lafayette, LA 10000, WPME Punxsutawney. PA 5000d WCNW Fairfield, OH 50000
WIGM Medford, WI 1000 WVOB Bel Air, MD 250d WBJA Guayama, PR 250d WTOD Toledo. OH 5000d
WYTL Oshkosh, WI 1000 WTRI Brunswick, MD 500d WADK Newport. RI 1000d KWCO Chickasha, OK '000r
KOJO Laramie, WY 500r WPOE Greenfield, MA 10000d WPKZ Pickens, SC 10000d KRBB Selllsaw. OK 250d
KUGR Green River, WY 1000, WKGR Muskegon Heights, WLIC Adamsvllle, TN WRSJ Bayamon, PR 5000r
KRTR Thermopolis, WY 250 MI 10000d WBIN Benton. TN 1000d WCCP Clemson, SC 1000d
KGOS Torrington, WY 1000 WYFC Ypsilanti, MI 250d WJJT Jelllco, TN 1000d WAGL Lancaster, SC 50000d
KOLM Rochester, MN 100000 WARY Woodbury, TN 500d KKAA Aberdeen, SD 10000
1500-199.9 WZBR Amory, MS
WOMA Marks, MS 250d
KTIA Ft. Worth, TX
KGBC Galveston, TX
50000r
1000,
WWGM Nashville, TN
WBOL Bolivar, TN
10000d
250d
WVSM Rainesville, AL 1000d WCSP Port Gibson. MS 250d KEDA San Antonio, TX 5000, KBER Abilene. TX 50Cd
WKAX Russellville, AL 1000d KMPL Sikeston, MO 5000, WKIE Richmond, VA 10000d KEGG Daingertleld, TX 1000d
KIEL Jacksonville, AR 1000d WIBG Ocean City- Somers Point, KZAAM Bellevue, WA 5000 KHBR Hillsboro, TX 250d
KROO Burbank, CA 10000, NJ 1000d WKTM Hartford, Wi 500d KGUL Port Lavaca, TX 500d
KXRX San Jose, CA 10000, KAMX Albuquerque, NM 10000 WSBV South Boston, VA 2500,
WFIF Milford, CT 50000
WTOP Washington, DC 50000
WKBW Buttalo, NY
WTHE Mineola. NY
50000
1000d
1550-193.5 KGHO Hoqulam, WA
KDFL Sumner, WA
1000d
2500
WKIZ Key West, FL 250 WDSL Mocksvllle, NC 5000d WAAY Huntsville, AL 50000, WFSP Kingwood, WV 1C000
WGUL New Port Richey, FL 250d WYRU Red Springs, NC 5000, WMOO Mobile, AL 500000 WGLB Port Washington, WI 2500
WIAF Clarkesville, GA 5000d WARR Warrenton, NC 10000 KUAT Tucson, AZ 50000d
WKRP Dallas, GA
WDLS Dallas, GA 1000d
KMAV Mayville, ND
WBNO Bryan, OH
2500d
500d
KXEX Fresno, CA
KKHI San Francisco, CA
5000d
10000
1570 -191.1
WSEM Donalsonville, GA 1000d WINW Canton, OH 10000 KOXI Arvada, CO 10000d WCRL Oneonta, AL 2500d
WDEN Macon. GA 1000d WKNT Kent, OH 10000 WMLB West Hartford, CT 1000d WTOX Selma. AL 5000d
KUMU Honolulu, HI 5000 WGOR Toledo, OH 1000 WRHC Coral Gables, FL 1000, KBRI Brankley, AR 250d
WGEN Genesen, IL 2500 KOMA Oklahoma City, OK 50000 WCCZ New Smyrna Beach, FL 250d KBJT Fordyce, AR 250d
WPMB Vendalla. IL 250d KYXI Oregon City, OR 50000, WYOU Tampa. FL 100000 KSRB Hardy, AR 10300
WKZN Zion, IL 250d WCHE West Chester, PA 250d WHTB Augusta, GA 50000 KCVR Lodi, CA 5030d
WBRI Indianapolis, IN 5000 WRAI San Juan, PR 10000 WYNX Smyrna, GA 10000, KHNY Riverside, CA 5000d
WAKE Valpareslo, IN 10000 WTGR Myrtle Beach, SC 50000 WWWN Vienna, GA KMIA Salinas, CA 250c
WKXO Berea, KY 250d WKMG Newberry, SC 1000d WJIL Jacksonville, IL 10000 KLOV Loveland, CO 10000
WMJL Marlon, KY 250d KLYX Sioux Falls, SD 500d WCSJ Morris, IL 250d WTWB Auburndale, FL 50000
KOXL New Roads, LA 1000d WBHT Brownsville, TN 250d WJDW Corydon, IN 250d WYHI Fernandina Beach, FL 1000d
WWKO Battle Creek, MI 10000 WREA Dayton. TN 5000d WCVL Crawfordsville, IN 250 WOKC Okeechobee, FL 1000d
WLOV Delrolt, MI 50000r WIDD Elizabethlon, TN 1000d WCTW New Castle, IN 250 WMES Ashburn, GA 10000
KSTP St. Paul, MN 50000 KRJH Hallettevllle, TX WNDI Sullivan, IN 250d WGHC Clayton, GA 1000d
WBFN Oultmen, MS 1000d WEXM Jamesvllle, VA 500d KIWA Sheldon, IA 500d WSSA College Park, GA 50004
WSSL Centerville, MS KEDD Dodge City, KS 1000d WGSR Millen, GA 10000
KDFN Doniphan, MO 1000d KNIC Winfield, KS WOKZ Alton. IL
WKER Pompton Lakes, NJ 1000d 1530-196.1 WGRK Greensburg. KY
250d
1000d WFRL Freeport. IL
10000
5000d
WGMF Watkins Glen, NY 250d WAAO Andalusia, AL 1000d WIRV Irvine, KY 1000d WBEE Harvey, IL 1000d
WLWL Rockingham, NC 500 KELC England, AR WMSK Morganville, KY 250d WTAY Robinson, IL 250d
WSMX Winston- Salem, NC 100000 KXRO Trumann, AR 250d WLUX Baton Rouge, LA 5000d WIFF Auburn, IN 500d
WGFT Youngstown, OH 500 KCTT Yellville, AR 500d KOKA Shreveport, LA 10000, WILO Frankfort, IN 253d
WGIC Xenia, OH 500d KFBK Sacramento, CA 50000 WSER Elkton, MD 1000d WOBS New Albany, IN 1000d
KXVO Pawhuka, OK 5000d KKCS Colorado Springs, CO 1000d WNTN Newton, MA 10000d KMCD Fairfield, IA 250d
WMNT Manatl, PR 1000, WDJZ Bridgeport, CT 10000d WBZO Greenville, MS KGWC Webster City, IA 2500
WEAC Gaffney, SC 1000d WENG Englewood, FL 1000d WSHN Fremont, MI 780d KNDY Marysville, KS 250d
WOES Jamestown, TN 1000d WCRJ Jacksonville, FL 50000,1 WOKJ Jackson, MS 50000, WKYR Burkesvllle, KY 1000d
WTNE Trenton, TN 250 WTTI Dalton. GA 10000,1 WSAO Senatobla, MS 50000 WLBO Morgantown. KY 250d
K8GG Merkel, TX 1000d WKDC Elmhurst, IL 2500 KGMO Cape Girardeau, MO 5000d WKKS Vanceburg, KY 1000d
KTXO Sherman, TX 1000d KDSN Denison, IA 500d KKJO St. Joseph, MO 5000 WABL Amite, LA 5000
KAN' Wharton, TX 500 KONK Norton, KS 1000d KLFJ Springfield, MO 250d KLLA Leesville, LA 1000
WRXV Auburn, ME 10000d KICS Hastings, NE 500d KMAR Winnsboro, LA 1000d
1510 -199.1 WCTR Chestertown, MD
WTHM Lapeer, MI
250d
5000d
KO8Y Reno, NV
WCGR Canandaigua, NY
100000
2500
WTOW Towson, MD
WPEP Taunton, MA
500+d
1000
KACJ Greenwood, AR 10000 WYGR Wyoming, MI 500d WUTO Utica, NY 1000 WBVD Beverly, MA 500d
KDJO Mesa, AZ 10000d WJRL Calhoun City, MS 250d WAXY Greenville, NC 1000d WLDM Westfield, MA 2500d
KNSE Ontario, CA 10000r WYAZ Yazoo City, MS 250d WYNA Raleigh, NC 1000d WLBO Flint, MI 1000d
K1RV Fresno, CA 10000d WRPM Poplarville, MS 10000d WTYN Tryon, NC 1000d WFUR Grand Rapids, MI 1000d
KTIM San Rafael, CA 1000d KSMM Shakopee, MN 500d WBFJ Winston- Salem, NC 10000 KUXL Golden Valley, MN 2500d
KDKO Littleton, CO 5000, KPCR Bowling Green, MO 1000d KOWB West Fargo, ND 10000d WHII Bay Springs. MS 1000d
WNLC New London, CT 10000, KMAM Butler. MO 500d WDLR Delaware, OH 500d WONA Winona, MS 1000d
WKAO Boynton Beach, FL 1000d KECK Lincoln, NE 5000d KMOD Madill. OK 500d KLEX Lexington, MO 2500
WWBC Cocoa, FL 1000d WJDM Elizabeth. NJ 5000 WDLR Delaware. OH 5000 WKOL Amsterdam. NY 10000
WMIB Marco Island, FL 1000d WRBX Chapel HIII, NC 100000 KMAD Madrill, OK 2500 WFLR Dundee. NY 10000
WINU Highland, IL 1000d WOBR Wanchese. NC 250d KREK Sapulpa, OK 5000 WBUZ Fredonia, NY 250d
WJRC Joliet, IL 500d WCKY Cincinnati, OH 50000 WFFM Braddock. PA 1000d WRCN Riverhead, NY 1000d
WKAI Macomb, IL 10000 KWOK Wagoner, OK 5000 WKFE Yauco, PR 250 WTLK Taylorsvllle. NC 500d
WAYT Wabash, IN 250d WBCW Jeanette, PA 10000 WTTC Towanda, PA 500d WNCA Slier City, NC 1000d
KIFG Iowa Falls, IA 1000d WHYP North East, PA 10000 KBSC Bennettsville. SC 10000, WGLX Galion, OH 500d
KANS Lamed, KS 1000d WVFC McConnel'sburg, PA 10000 WKYE Bristol, TN 1000d WPTW Piqua, OH 2500
KAGY Port Sulphur, LA 1000d WMBT Shenandoah, PA 250d WKVL Clarksville, TN 250 WTCL Warren, OH 500d
WITS Boston, MA 50000 WUPR Utuado. PR 1000, WPTN Cookeville, TN 2500 KTAT Frederick, OK 250d
WDJD Jackson, MI 5000d WASC Spartanburg, SC 10000 WORI Oak Ridge, TN 1000d KMYZ Pryor, OK 1000c'
WLKM Three Rivers, MI 500d WJPJ Huntington, TN 1000d WTBP Parsons, TN 500d WPGM Danville. PA 1000d
WKPO Prentiss, MS 1000d KGTN Georgetown, TX 1000d WCHU Soddy Daisy, TN 1000d WBUX Doylestown, PA 5000d
KCCV Independence, MO 1000d KAWS Hemphill, TX 1000d KHBJ Canyon, TX 1000d WQTW Latrobe, PA 1000d
KEMM Marshfield, MO 250d KBGT Harlingen, TX 50000, KCOM Comanche, TX 250d WFGN Gaffney, SC 250d
KTTT Columbus, NE 500d KNBO New Boston, TX 1000d WKBC Nabasota, TX 250d WLSC Loris, SC 1000d
WRAN Dover, NJ 10000, KCLR Rails, TX 5000d KRGO Granger, UT 10000, KURA Vermillion. SD 5000
WJIC Salem, NJ 2500d WFIC Collinsville, VA 10000 WKBA Vinton. VA 10000d WHLP Centerville, TN 5000d
WPUT Brewster, NY 10000 WPWC Ouantico. VA 250d WVAB Virginia Beach, VA 5000d WCLE Cleveland, TN 2500d
WEAL Greensboro, NC 1000d KUUY Cheyenne, WY 1000d WXVA Charles Town, WV 50000 WTRB Ripley, TN 1000d
WLGN Logan, OH 50000 KOOT Bellingham, WA 10000 KZOL Farwen, TX 250d
WLKR Norwalk, OH
WTRJ Troy, OH
500d
250d
1540 -195.0 KGAR Vancouver, WA 10000 KVLG La Grange, TX
KTER Terrell, TX
250d
WMIR Lake Geneva, WA 10000d 250d
KBJS Selllsaw, OK 1000d WALN Linevllle, AL 1000d WWOM Madison. WI 5000d WSWV Pennington Gap, VA 10000
WAHT Annvllle- Cleona, PA 5000d KASA Phoenix, AZ 10000d WEVR River Falls, WI 1000d WYTI Rocky Mount, VA 1000d
WRUA Monroeville, PA 250d KIRK Ozark, AR 500d WVMS Appleton, WI 10000
KKDI Sheridan, AR
WVAP Burnettown, SC
WCPL Pageland, SC
1000r
KMFU Aptos- Capitole, CA
250d
1000d 1560-192.3 WFBZ Mlnocqua, WI 100d
KZLA Los Angeles, CA
WSJW Woodruff, SC
KMSD Mlllbank, SD
1000d
5000d WZAL Jackson, GA
50000,
1000
WAGC Centre, AL
KDDA Dumas, AR
10000
500d 1580-189.2
WLAC Nashville, TN 50000 WOGA Sylvester, GA 1000d KBIB Monello, AR 250d WEYY Telladege, AL 250d
KAGC Bryan, TX 5000 KISA Honolulu, HI 5000 KPMC Bakersfield, CA 10000 KNIX Tempe, AZ 50000,
KCTX Childress, TX 250d WSMI Litchfield, IL 1000d KIDS Willows, CA 250d KPCA Marked Tree, AR 2500
KMND Midland, TX 50000 WBNL Booneville, IN 250d WTAI Eau Gellle. FL 5000d KFDF Van Buren, AR 1000d
KMOO Mineola, TX 5000 WADM Decatur, IN 250d WYSE Inverness, FL 50000 KMCE Merced, CA 10000
KEAM Port Arthur, TX 50000 WLOI La Porte, IN 250d WLEJ Ellijay, GA 250d KDAY Santa Monica, CA 50000
KORB Robstown, TX 500d WCBK Martinsville, IN 5000 WIZY Gordon, GA 5000d KPIK Colorado Springs, CO 5000d
KSTV Stephenville, TX 500d KXEL Waterloo, IA 50000 WBYS Canton, IL 250d WENO Chattahoochee, FL 5000d
WBLB Pulaski, VA 1000d KNEX McPherson, KS 2500 WSHY Shelbyville, IL 500d WSRF FJ. Lauderdale, FL 10000r
KAAR Mt Lake Terrace, WA 250d KLKC Parsons, KS 2504 WUME Paoli, IN 250d WGTW Mt. Dora!, FL 50000
KGA Spokane, WA 50000 WKCB Hindman, KY 1000d WAIN Rensselaer, IN 1000d WCCF Punta Gorda, FL 1000d
WAUK Waukesha, WI 10000d KCTO Columbia, LA 1000d KLNG Council Bluffs, IA 1000d WCLS Columbus, GA 1000
KGLA Gretna, LA 500d KCJJ Iowa City, IA 1000d WKIG Glennvllk, GA 1000d
1520-197.4 WDON Wheaton, MD
WSWG Greenwood, MS
5000d
10000
OAS! Abilene. KS
WKDO Liberty, KY
250d
250d
WKUN Monroe, GA
WFVR Aurora, IL
1000d
250d
WAOA Opelika, AL 5000d WMLM SI. Louis, MI 1000d WFXY Middlesboro, KY 1000d WDON DuOsoin, IL 250d
KMPG Hollister, CA 500d KBXM Kennett, MO 1000d WDXR Paducah, KY 10000 WBBA Pittsfield, IL 250d
KACY Port Hueneme, CA 50000, WKXR Exeter. NH 10000 KAJN Crowley, LA 1000d WCCR Urbana, IL 250d
WTLN Apopka, FL 10000d WPTR Albany, NY 50000 WSDL Slidell, LA 1000d WCNB Connersville, IN 250d
WGNB Indian Rocks Beach, WYRD East Syracuse, NY 1000d WSMD LaPlata, MD 25000r WJVA South Bend, IN 10000
FL 10000 WRPL Charlotte. NC 100000 WBUK Portage, MI 2500d WAMW Washington, IN 250d
WEXY Oakland Park, FL 1000d WIFM Elkins, NC 1000d WMIC Sandusky, MI 1000d KCHA Charles City, IA 2500
WXPO Eatonton, GA 1000d WOOZ Whltevllle, NC 1000d KBEW Blue Earth, MN 1000d KWNT Davenport, IA 500d
WDGL Douglasvllle, GA 1000d WYNC Ysnceyvllle, NC KOYX Joplin, MO 10000d WAXU Georgetown, KY 10001d
WNMT Garden City, GA 10000 KHND Harvey. ND 500d KLTI Macon, MO 250d WMTL Leitchfield, KY 250d
WHOW Clinton, IL 5000d WBCO Bucyrus, OH 5000 KTUI Sullivan, MO 1000d WPKY Princeton, KY 250d
WLUV Loves Park, IL 500d WNRE Circleville, OH 1000d WJBT Brockport, NY KLUV Haynesville, LA 10000
WKVI Knox, IN 250d WABO Cleveland, OH 1000d WGXR New York, NY 50000 KLOU Lake Chartes, LA 1000
WSVL Shelbyville, IN 1000r WNIO Niles, OH 500d I WYZD Dobson, NC 25000 WPGC Momingslde, MD 50000d

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 65


U.S. AM STATIONS BY FREQUENCY
Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call location W.P. Call Location W.P.

WRBJ St. Johns, MI 1000d FL 10000 Ri 1000d WLPO Pittsburg, KY 5000


KDOM Windom, MN 250d WELE S. Daytona, FL 1o00d WABV Abbeville. SC 1000d KFNV Ferriday, LA 10000
WAMY Amory, MS 50000 WALG Albany, GA 5000r WACA Camden, SC 1000d KLEB Golden Meadow, LA 1000d
WORV Hattiesburg, MS 1000d WLFA Lafayette, GA 5000d WBBR Travelers Rest, SC WINX Rockville, MD 1000r
WESY Leland, MS 1000d WXRS Swainsboro, GA 250d WJSO Jonesboro, TN 5000 WUNR Brookline, MA 5000
WPMP Pascagoula -Moss Point, WTGA Thomaston, GA 500d WDBL Springfield, TN 1000d WIXY East Long Meadow, MA 5000r
MS
5000d WONX Evanston, IL 5000r KGAS Carthage, TX 2500d WAAM Ann Arbor, MI 5000
KTGR Columbia, MO 250d WAIK Galesburg, AL 5000d KERC Eastland, TX 500d WTRU Muskegon, MI 5000
KESM El Dorado Springs, MO 500d WNTS Beech Grove, IN 5000r KKOL El Paso, TX 1000d KLLR Walker, MN 1000d
KNIM Maryville, MO 250d WPCO Mt. Vernon, IN 500d KYOK Houston, TX 5000 WKDL Clarksdale, MS 10000
KAMI Cozad, NE 1000d KWBG Boone, IA 1000r KENO Lubbock, TX 1000 KATZ St. Louis, MO 5000
WRDI Hannonton, NJ 1000d KVGB Great Bend, KS 5000 KBUS Maxie, TX 500d KTTN Trenton, MO 500d
WCRV Washington. NJ 1000d WFJT Inez, KY KIKN Sinton, TX 1000, KNCY Nebraska City, NE 5000
KZIA Albuquerque, NM 1000d WLBN Lebanon, KY 1000d KMTI Mantl,UT 5000 KRFS Superior, NE 500d
WYFA Patchogue, NY 10000d KKAY White Castle, LA 1000d WGOE Richmond, VA 5000d WDNY Dansville, NY 5000
WZKY Albemarle. NC 250d WDCI Gorham, ME 5000r KZOK Seattle, WA 5000 WWRL New York, NY 5000
WJIK CampLeleune, NC 10000d WJRO Glen Burnie, MD 1000 WIXK New Richmond, WI 50000 WMCR Oneida, NY 10000
WVKO Columbus, OH 1000d WETT Ocean City, MD 1000, WSWW Platteville, WI 1000r WLNG Sag Harbor, NY 5000
KLTR Blackwell, OK 1000d WTVB Coldwater, MI 5000, WRTR Two Rivers, WI 10000 WGIV Charlotte. NC 2500r
WEND Ebensburg, PA 1000d WGRY Grayling, MI 1000d WAWA West Allis, WI 1000d WIDU Fayetteville, NC 10000
WANB Waynesburg, PA 1000, WSMA Marine City, MI 1000d WHVL Hendersonville, NC 1000d
WORG Orangeburg, SC
WBBR Travelers Rest, SC
10000
5000r
KRAD
WCCL
E. Grand Forks, MN
Jackson, MS
5000r
5000,
1800-187.5 WKXO Reidsville, NC
KDAK Carrington, ND
1000
5000
WHHM Henderson, TN 250d KPRS Kansas City, MO 1000d WEUP Huntsville, AL 5000, WKSK West Jefferson, NC 1000r
WLIJ Shelbyville, TN 1000d KDEX Dexter, MO 1000d WXVI Montgomery, AL 5000 WADI Ashtabula. OH 1000d
WSKT Knoxville, TN 5000d KCOU Rolla, MO 1000d KVRD Cottonwood, AZ 10000 WBLY Springfield, OH 1000d
KGAF Gainesville, TX 250d KTCH Wayne, NE 2500d KXEW South Tucson, AZ 1000 WTTF Tiffin, OH 5000
KIRT Mission, TX 10000 WSMN Nashua, NH 5000 KCGS Marshall. AR 50000 KUSH Cushing. OK 1000d
KTLU Rusk, TX 500d WERA Plainfield, NJ 500d KCRI West Helena, AR KASH Eugene, OR 5000r
KWED Sequin, TX 1000d WAUB Auburn, NY 500d KGST Fresno, CA 5000 KOHI St. Helens, OR 1000d
KBYP Shamrock, TX 250d WWBK Brockport, NY 1000 KWOW Pomona, CA 5000 WHOL Allentown, PA 5000
KRZI Waco, TX 1000r WEHH Elmira Heights- Horseheads, KZON Santa Marie, CA 5000 WAYC Bedford, PA 50000
WILA Danville, VA 1000d NY 500d KUBA Yuba City, CA 5000r WPDC Elizabethtown, PA 500d
WPUV Pulaski, VA 5000d WGGO Salamanca,NY 5000d KLAK Lakewood, CO 5000 WJSA Jersey Shore, PA 10000
WTTN Watertown, WI 1000d WBHN Bryson City, NC 500d WKEN Dover, DE 5000r WLUZ Bayamon, PR 5000
WCSL Cherryvllle, NC 500d WJNJ Atlantic Beach, FL 5000 WFIS Fountain Inn, SC 10000
WVOE Chadbourn, NC 10000 WKWF Key West, FL 500 WRZK North Augusta, SC 500d
WHPY Clayton, NC 50000 WPOM Riviera Beach, FL 5000r WJZA Harriman, TN 5003d
WOKX High Point, NC 1000d WOKB Winter Garden, FL 5000 WLSN Lebanon, TN 5000
WAKR Akron, OH 5000 WACX Austell, GA 1000d WKBJ Milan, TN 1000d
1590-188.7 WSRW Hillsboro, OH 500d WNGA Nashville, GA 1000d KBBB Borger, TX 5000d
WATM Atmore, AL 5000d KCGG Henryetta, OK 500d WRBN Werner Robbins, GA 2500 KBOR Brownsville, TX 1000
WACD Alexander City, AL 1000d KWEY Weatherford, OK 10000 WCGO Chicago Heights, IL 10000 KEWS Cuero, TX 5000
WVNA Tuscumbla, AL 5000, KTIL Tillamook, OR 5000r WMCW Harvard. IL 500d KWEL Midland, TX 1000d
KYDE Pine Bluff, AR 1000d WPLW Carnegie, PA 1000d WBTO Linton, IN 500d KYAL McKinney- Plano. TX 5000d
KSPR Springdale, AK 1000d WCBG Chambersburg, PA 5000r WARU Peru, IN 1000d KOGT Orange, TX 5000
KXEM McFarland. CA 500d WOIO Chester- Aston, PA 1000r KLGA Algona, IA 50000 KBBX Centerville, UT 50000
KLIV San Jose, CA 5000 WDHN Honesdale, PA 25000 KCRG Cedar Rapids, IA 5000 WCPK Chesapeake, VA 50000
KBBO Ventura- Oxnard, CA 5000 WMIM Mt. Carmel, PA 1000d KMDO Fort Scott, KS 1000d WIAJ Saltville, WA 50000
KCIN Vlctorville, CA 500d WXRF Guayama, PR 1000 WSTL Eminence, KY 500d WNST Milton, WV 50000
WOOW Waterbury, CT 5000 WGFE Morouls, PR WLLS Hartford, KY 1000d WNEU Wheeling WV 50000
WRXB St. Perterside Beach, WARV Warwick -E. Greenwich WSLK Hyden, KY WCWC Ripon, WI 5000

U.S. AM STATIONS BY CALL LETTERS


Call Location kHz Call Location kHz Call Location kHz Call Location kHz

KAAA Kingman, AZ 1230 KAMA El Paso, TX 1060 KATR Eugene. OR 1320 KBER Abilene, TX 1560
KAAB Batesville, AR 1130 KAMD Camden. AR 910 KATT Oklahoma City, OK 1140 KBET Reno, NV 1340
KAAM Dallas, TX 1310 KAMI Cozad, NE 1580 KATY San Luis Obispo, CA 1340 KBEW Blue Earth. MN 1560
KAAP Santa Paula, CA 1400 KAML Kenedy- Karnes City. TX 990 KATZ St. Louis, MO 1600 KBFI Bonners Ferry, ID 1450
KAAR Mount Lake Terrace, WA 1510 KAMO Rogers, AR 1390 KAUS Austin, MN 1480 KBFS Belle Fourche, SD 1450
KAAY Little Rock, AR 1090 KAMP El Centro, CA 1430 KAVA Burney, CA 1450 KBFW Bellingham, WA 930
KABC Los Angeles, CA 790 KAMO Carlsbad, NM 1240 KAVE Carlsbad, NM 1240 KBGG Merkel. TX 1500
KABI Abilene, KS 1560 KAMX Albuquerque, NM 1520 KAVI Rocky Ford, CO 1320 KBGN Caldwell, ID 1060
KABL Oakland, CA 960 KANA Anaconda, MT 580 KAVL Lancaster, CA 610 KBHB Sturgis, SD 810
KABN Long Island, AK 1150 KANC Anchorage, AK 1080 KAVR Apple Valley, CA 960 KBHC Nashville. AR 1260
KABO Albuquerque, NM 1350 KAND Corsicana, TX 1340 KAWC Yuma. AZ 1320 KBHM Branson. MO 1220
KACH Preston, ID 1340 KANE New Iberia, LA 1240 KAWL York, NE 1370 KBHS Hot Springs, AR 590
KACI The Dalles, OR 1300 KANI Wharton, TX 1500 KAWS Hemphill, TX 1530 KBIB Monette. AR 1560
KACJ Greenwood, AR 1510 KANN Ogden, UT 1090 KAWW Heber Springs, AR 1370 KBIF Fresno. CA 900
KACO Bellvllle, TX 1090 KANS Lamed, KS 1510 KAYC Beaumont, TX 1450 KRIM Roswell. NM 910
KACT Andrews, TX 360 KAOK Lake Charles, LA 1400 KAYG Lakewood, WA 1480 KBIX Muskogee, OK 1490
KACY Porl Huoneme, CA 1520 KAOL Carrolton, MO 1430 KAYK Provo, UT 960 KBIZ Ottumwa, IA 1240
KADA Ada, OK 1230 KAPA Raymond, WA 1340 KAYL Storm Lake, IA 990 KBJM Lemmon, SD 1400
KADE Boulder, CO 1190 KAPB Marksvllle, LA 1370 KAYO Seattle, WA 1150 KBJT Fordyce, AR 1570
KADI Clayton, MO 1320 KAPE San Antonio, TX 1480 KAYR Van Buren, AR 1060 KBKB Fort Madison, IA 1360
KADL Plne Bluff, AR 1270 KAPJ Pueblo, CO 690 KAYS Hays, KS 1400 KBKR Baker, OR 1490
KADO Texarkana. TX -AR 940 KAPR Douglas. AZ 930 KAYT Rupert, ID 970 KBKW Aberdeen, WA 1450
KADS Elk City. OK 1240 KAPS Mt. Vernon, WA 1470 KAZA Gilroy, CA 1290 KBLC Lakeport. CA 1270
KAFE Sante Fe, NM 810 KAPY Port Angeles, WA 1290 KAZM Sedona, AZ 1470 KBLE Seattle, WA 1050
KAFF Flagstaff, AZ 930 KAPZ Bald Knob, AR 710 KBAB Indianola, IA 1490 KBLF Red Blull, CA 1490
KAFY Bakersfield, CA 550 KARE Atchison, KS 1470 KBAD Carlsbad, NM 740 KBLI Blackfoot, ID 690
KAGC Bryan, TX 1510 KARI Blaine, WA 550 KBAI Morro Bay, CA 1150 KBLL Helena, MT 1240
KAGE Winona, etN 930 KARM Fresno, CA 1430 KBAL San Sabe. TX 1410 KBLO Logan, UT 1390
KAGH Crouelt, AR 800 KARN Little Rock, AR 920 KBAM Longview, WA 1270 KBLS Santa Barbara, CA 990
KAGI Grants Peu, OR 1380 KARO Vancouver, WA 1480 WBAN Bowle, TX 1410 KBLU Yuma, AZ 560
KAGO Klamath Falls, OR 1150 KARR Great Falls, MO 1400 KBAR Burley, ID 1230 KBLY Gold Beach, OR 1220
KAGT Anacortes, WA 1340 KARS Beloit. NM 860 KBBA Benton, AR 690 KBMN Bozeman, MT 1230
KAGY Port Sulphur, LA 1510 KART Jerome, ID 1400 KBBB Borger, TX 1600 KBMO Benson, MN 1290
KAHI Auburn, CA 950 KARV Russellville, AR 610 KBBI Homer, AK 1250 KBMR Bismarck, ND 1130
KAHL North Platte, NE 1410 KARY Prosser, WA 1310 KBBO Yakima. WA 1390 KBMW Wahpeton. ND
KAIM Honolulu, HI 870 KARZ Phoenix, AZ 960 KBBO Ventura- Oxnard, CA 1590 Breckenridge, MN 1450
KAIN Nampa, ID 1340 KASA Phoenix, AZ 1540 KBBR North Bend. OR 1340 KBMY Billings, MT 1240
KAIR Tucson, AZ 1490 KASH Eugene, OR 1600 KBBS Buffalo, WY 1450 KBND Bend, OR 1110
KAJN Crowley, LA 1560 KASI Ames, IA 1430 KBBV Big Bear Lake, CA 1050 KBNO Denver. CO 1220
KAJO Grants Pau, OR 1270 KASL Newcastle, WY 1240 KBBX Centerville, UT 1600 KBOA Kennett. MO 830
KAKA Desnos, AR 1110 KASM Albany. MN 1150 KBCC Cuba, MO 1410 KBOE Oskaloosa, IA 740
KAKC Tulsa, OK 970 KASO Minden, LA 1370 KBCH Lincoln City, OR 1380 KBOI Boise. ID 670
KAKE Wichita, KS 1240 KAST Astoria, OR 1220 KBCL Shreveport, LA 1220 KBOK Malvern, AR 1310
KALB Alexandria, LA 580 KASY Auburn, WA 1220 KBCO Roswell, NM 1020 KBOL Boulder, CO 1490
KAKZ Wichita, KS 1240 KATA Arcata. CA 1340 KBCR Steamboat Springs, CO 1230 KBOP Pleasanton, TX 1380
KALE Richland, WA 960 KATE Agents, GU 570 KBDF Eugene, OR 1280 KBOR Brownsville, TX 1600
KALI Sen Gabriel, CA 1430 KATE Albert Lee. MN 1450 KBEA Mission, KS 1480 KBOW Butte, MT 550
KALL Salt Lake City. UT 910 KATI Casper, WY 1400 KBEC Waxahachie, TX 1390 KBOX Dallas, TX 1480
KALM Thayer, MO 1290 KATL Mlles City, MT 1340 KBEE Modesto, CA 970 KBOY Medford, OR 730
KALO Beaumont, TX 990 KATO Safford. AZ 1230 KBEL Idabel, OK 1240 KBOZ Bozeman, MT 1090
KALT Atlanta, TX 900 KATO Plentywood, MT 1070 KBEN Carrizo Springs, TX 1450 KBPS Portland, OR 1450

Abbreviations used in this list: kHz -frequency in kilohertz; MHz -frequency in megahertz; W.P. -power in watts;
[11

d- daytime operation only; r-


reduced power at night; n- nighttime power; C.L. or Call -call letters or call sign;
Chan. or Ch. -TV channel number. Wavelength is given in meters. Listing indicates stations on the air as of
September 29, 1980.
II

66 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


U.S. AM STATIONS BY CALL LETTERS
Call Location kHz Call Location kHz Call Location kHz Call Location kHz

KBRB Ainsworth, NE 1400 KCRE Crescent City, CA 1240 KELC England, AR 1530 KFWB Los Angeles, CA 980
KBRC Mt. Vernon, WA 1420 KCRG Cedar Rapids, IA 1600 KELD El Dorado, AR 1400 KFWJ Lake Havasu City, AZ 980
KBRE Cedar City, UT 940 KCRI West Helena, AR 1600 KELG Elgin, TX 1440 KFXD Nampa, ID 580
KBRF Fergus Falls, MN 1250 KCRL Reno, NV 780 KELI Tulsa, OK 1430 KFXM San Bernardino, CA 590
KBRI Brinkley, AR 1570 KCRO Omaha, NE 660 KELK Elko, NV 1240 KFYN Bonham, TX 1420
KBRJ Boise, ID 950 KCRS Midland, TX 550 KELO Sioux Falls, SC 1320 FYO Lubbock, TX 790
KBRK Brooklings, SD 1430 KCRT Trinidad, CO 1240 KELP El Paso, TX 920 KFYR Bismarck, ND 550
KBRL McCook, NE 1300 KCRV Carulhersville, MO 1370 KELY Ely, NV 1230 KGA Spokane, WA 1510
KBRN Brighton, CO 800 KCRX Rosewell, NM 1430 KEMM Marshfield, MO 1510 KGAA Kirkland, WA 1460
KBRO Bremerton, WA 1490 KCSJ Pueblo, CO 590 KENA Mena, AR 1450 KGAF Gainesville, TX 1580
KBRR Leadvllle, CO 1230 KCSR Chadron, NE 610 KEND Lubbock, TX 1590 KGAK Gallup, NM 1330
KBRS Springdale, AR 1340 KCTA Corpus Christi, TX 1030 KENE Toppenlsh, WA 1490 KGAL Lebanon, OR 920
KBRT Avalon, CA 740 KCTE Southwest City, MO 1140 KENT Anchorage. AK 550 KGAM Bakersfield, CA 1230
KBRV Soad Springs, ID 790 KCTI Gonzales, TX 1450 KENM Portales, NM 1450 KGAR Vancouver, WA 1550
KBRW Barrow, AK 680 KCTO Columbia, LA 1540 KENN Farmington, NM 1390 KGAS Carthage, TX 1590
KBRX O'Neill, NE 1350 KCTT Yellville, AR 1530 KENO Las Vegas, NV 1460 KGAY Salem, OR 1430
KBRZ Freeport, TX 1460 KCTX Childress, TX 1510 KENR Houston, TX 1070 KGB San Diego, CA 1360
KBSF Springhill, LA 1460 KCTY Salinas, CA 980 KENT Prescott, AR 1340 KGBC Galveston, TX 1540
KBSN Crane, TX 810 KCUB Tucson, AZ 1290 KEOR Atoka. OK 1110 KGBX Springfield, MO 1260
KBST Big Springs, TX 1490 KCUE Red Wing, MN 1250 KEOS Flagstaff, AZ 890 KGCA Rugby, ND 1450
KBTA Batesville, AR 1340 KCUZ Clifton, AZ 1490 KEPS Eagle Pass, TX 1270 KGCG Henryetta, OK 1590
KBTC Houston, MO 1250 KCVL Colville, WA 1270 KERB Kermit, TX 600 KGCX Sidney, MT 1480
KBTM Jonesboro, AR 1230 KCVR Lodi, CA 1570 KERC Eastland, TX 1590 KGDN Edmonds, WA 630
KBTN Neosho, MO 1420 KCVL Lampasas, TX 1450 KERE Denver, CO 710 KGEM Boise, ID 1140
KBUB Sparks, NV 1270 KCYX McMinnville, OR 1260 KERG Eugene, OR 1280 KGEN Tulare, CA 1370
KBUC San Antonio, TX 1310 KDAC Fort Bragg, CA 1230 KERN Bakersfield, CA 1410 KGER Long Beach, CA 1390
KBUD Athens, TX 1410 KDAK Carrington, ND 1600 KERR Poison, MT 1070 KGEZ Kalispell, MT 600
KBUF Garden City, KS 1050 KDAL Duluth, MN 610 KERV Kerrville, TX 1230 KGFF Shawnee, OK 1450
KBUG Springfield, MO 1060 KDAN Minneapolis-St. Paul, KESE Monterey, CA 1240 KGFJ Los Angeles, CA 1230
KBUH Brigham City, UT 800 MN 1370 KESM Eldorado Spring, MO 1580 KGFL Clinton, AR 1110
KBUK Baytown, TX 1360 KDAO Marshalltown, IA 1190 KEST San Francisco, CA 1450 KGFW Kearney, NE 1340
KBUN Bemidji, MN 1450 KDAP Douglas, AZ 1450 KESY Omaha, NE 1420 KGFX Pierre, SD 1060
KBUR Burlington, IA 1490 KDAY Santa Monica, CA 1580 KETH Ketchikan, AK 1290 KGGF Cuffeyville, KS 690
KBUS Mexla, TX 1590 KDAZ Albuquerque, NM 730 KETX Livingston, TX 1440 KGHL Billings, MT 790
KBWA Williams, AZ 1240 KDB Santa Barbara, CA 1490 KEUN Eunice, LA 1490 KGHM Brookfield, MO 1470
KBWD Brownwood, TX 1380 KDBM Dillon, MT 1490 KEVA Evanston, WY 1240 KGHO Hoquiam, WA 1560
KBXM Kennett, MO 1540 KOBO Aberdeen, SD 1420 KEVT Tucson, AZ 690 KGHS International Falls, MN 1230
KBYE Oklahoma City, OK 890 KOBS Alexandria, LA 1410 KEWO Paradise, CA 930 KGIL San Fernando, CA 1260
KBYG Big Springs, TX 1400 KDCE Espanola, NM 970 KEWS Cuero, TX 1600 KGIR Cape Girardeau, MO 960
KBYP Shamrock, TX 1580 KDDA Dumas, AR 1560 KEX Portland, OR 1190 KGIW Alamosa, CO 1450
KBYR Anchorage, AK 700 KDDD Dumas, TX 800 KEXO Grand Junc., CO 1230 KGJM Globe, AZ 1240
KBZY Salem, OR 1490 KDDR Oakes, ND 1220 KEXS Excelsior Springs, MO 1090 KGKL San Angelo, TX 960
KBZZ LaJunta, CO 1400 KDEN Denver, CO 1340 KEYE Perryton, TX 1400 KGKO Benton, AR 850
KCAB Dardanelle, AR 980 KDEO Waipahu, HI 940 KEYH Houston, TX 850 KGLA Gretna, LA 1540
KCAL Redlands, CA 1410 KDES Palm Springs, CA 920 KEYL Long Prairie, MN 1400 KGLC Miami, OK 910
KCAM Glennallen, AK 790 KDET Center, TX 930 KEYN Wichita, KS 1410 KGLE Glendlve, MT 590
KCAN El Reno, OK 1460 KDEW DeWwitt, AR 1470 KEYR Tarrytown, NE 690 KGLM Avalon, CA 740
KCAP Helena, MT 1340 KDEX Dexter, MO , KEYS Corpus Christi, TX 1440 KGLN Glenwood Springs, CO 980
KCAR Clarksville, TX 1350 KDFL Sumner, WA 1560 KEYY Provo, UT 1450 KGLO Mason City, IA 1300
KCAS Slaton, TX 1050 KDFN Doniphan, MO 1500 KEYZ Williston, ND 1360 KGLU Safford, AR 1480
KCAT Plne Bluff, AR 1340 KDGO Durango, CO 1240 KEZM Sulphur, LA 1310 KGMI Bellingham, WA 790
KCBC Des Moines, IA 1390 KDHI Twenty -nine Palms, CA 1250 KEZY Anaheim, CA 1190 KGMO Cape Girardeau, MO 1220
KCBN Reno, NV 1230 KDHL Faribault, MN 920 KFAB Omaha, NE 1110 KGMS Sacramento, CA 1380
KCBO San Diego, CA 1170 KDHN Dlmmitt, TX 1470 KFAC Los Angeles, CA 1330 KGMT Fairbury, NE 1310
KCBS San Francisco, CA 740 KDIA Oakland, CA 1310 KFAH Lakewood Center, WA 1480 KGNB New Braunfels, TX 1420
KCCB Corning, AR 1260 KDIG San Bernandino, CA 1240 KFAL Fulton, MO 900 KGNC Amarillo, TX 710
KCCC Carlsbad, NM 930 KDIO Ortonville, MN 1350 KFAR Fairbanks, AK 660 KGNO Dodge City, KS 1370
KCCL Paris, AR 1460 KDIX Dickinson, ND 1230 KFAX San Francisco, CA 1100 KGNR Sacramento, CA 1320
KCCN Honolulu, HI 1420 KDJI Holbrook, AZ 1270 KFAY Fayetteville, AR 1250 KGO San Francisco, CA 810
KCCO Lawton, OK 1050 KDJO Mesa, AZ 1510 KFBA Floydada, TX 900 KGOE Thousand Oaks, CA 850
KCCR Pierre, SC 1240 KDJW Ammarrlllo, TX 1010 KFBC Cheyenne, WY 1240 KGOS Torrington, WY 1490
KCCS Salem, OR 1220 KDKA Pittsburgh, PA 1020 KFBD Waynesville, MO 1270 KGRB West Covina, CA 900
KCCT Corpus, Christi, TX 1150 KDKD Clinton, MO 1280 KFBK Sacramento, CA 1530 KGRI Henderson, TX 1000
KCCV Independence, MO 1510 KDKO Littleton, CO 1510 KFBR Nogales, AZ 1340 KGRL Bend, OR 940
KCCW Terrell Hills, TX 930 KDLA DeRidder, LA 1010 KFDF Van Buren, AR 1380 KGRN Grinnell, IA 1410
KCEE Tucson, AZ 790 KDLF Port Neches, TX 1150 KFDI Wlchlta, KS 12070 KGRO Pampa, ITX 1230
KCEY Turlock, CA 1390 KDLG Dillingham, AK 670 KFHM San Antonio, TX 1150 KGRT Las Cruees, NM 570
KCFI Cedar Falls, IA 1250 KDLK Del Rio, TX 1230 KFDR Grand Coulee, WA 1360 KGRZ Missoula, MT 1450
KCGS Marshall, AR 1600 KDLM Detroit Lakes, MN 1340 KFEL Pueblo, CO 970 KGST Fresno, CA 1600
KCHA Charles City, IA 1580 KDLR Devils Lake, ND 1240 KFEO St. Joseph, MO 680 KGTN Georgetown, TX 1530
KCHE Cherokee, IA KDLS Perry, IA 1310 KFFA Helena, AR 1360 KGU Honolulu, HI 760
KCHI Chillicothe, MO 1010 KDMA Montevideo, MN 1460 KFGO Fargo, ND 790 KGUC Gunnison, CO 1490
KCHJ Delano, Ca 1010 KDMO Carthage, MO 1490 KFGO Boone, IA 1260 KGUD Banning, CA 1490
KCHK New Prague, MN 1350 KDMS El Dorado, AR 1290 KFH Wichita, KS 1330 KGUL Port Lavac, TX 1560
KCHR Charleston, MO 1350 KDNT Denton, TX 1440 KFI Los Angeles, CA 640 KGUX Palm Desert, CA 1270
KCHS Truth or Consequensee, KDOK Tylers, TX 1490 KFIA Carmichael. CA 710 KGVL Greenville, TX 1400
NM 1400 KDOL Mohave. CA 1340 KFIL Preston, MN 1060 KGVO Missoula, MT 1290
KCHV Coachella, Ca 970 KDOM Windom, MN 1580 KFIR Sweet Home, OR 1370 KGVW Belgrade, MT 630
KCIA Humble City, NM 1110 KDON Salinas, CA 1460 KFIV Modesto, CA 1360 KGW Portland, OR 620
KCID Caldwell, ID 1490 KDOV Ashland, OR 1350 KFIX Liberty, MO 1140 KGWA Enid, OK 960
KCII Washington, IA 1380 KDON DeOusen, AR 1390 KFIZ Fond du Lac, WI 1450 KGY Olympia, WA 1240
KCIJ Shreveport, LA 980 K000 Albuquerque, NM 1150 KFJB Marshaltown, IA 1230 KGYN Guymon, OK 1210
KCIM Carroll, IA 1380 KDRG Deer Lodge, MT 1400 KFJM Grand Forks, ND 1370 KHAC Window Rock, AZ 1110
KCIN Victorvllie, Ca 1590 KDRO Sedalia, MO 1490 KFJZ Ft. Worth, TX 1270 KHAD DeSoto, MO 1190
KCJB Minot, ND 910 KDRS Paragould, AR 1490 KFKA Greeley, CO 1310 KHAK Cedar Rapids, IA 1360
KCJJ Iowa City, IA 1560 KDRY Alamo Hts., TX 1110 KFKU Lawrence, KS 1250 KHAL Homer, LA 1320
KCKC San Bernadino, Ca 1350 KDSJ Deadwood, SD 980 KFLA Scott City, KS 1310 KHAM Horseshoe Bend, AZ 1000
KCKN Kansas City, KS 1340 KDSN Denison, IA 1530 KFLD Floydada, TX 900 KHAR Anchorage, AK
KCKO Spokane, WA 1380 KDSX Denison -Sherman, TX 980 KFLR Phoenix, AZ 1230 KHAS Hastings, NE 1230
KCKW Jena, LA 1480 KDTA Delta, CO 1400 KFLI Mountain Home, ID 1240 KHBJ Canyon, TX 1550
KCKY Coolidge, AZ 1150 KDTH Dubuque, IA 1370 KFLJ Waisenburg, CO 960 KHBM Monticello, AR 1430
KCLA Pine Bluff, Ar 1400 KDUN Reedsport, OR 1470 KFLN Baker, MT 1380 KHBR Hillsboro, TX 1560
KCLD St. Cloud, NM 1450 KDUZ Hutchinson, MN 1260 KFLO Shreveport, LA 1300 KHDN Hardin, MT 1230
KCLE Cleburne, TX 1120 KDWA Hastings, MN 1460 KFLR Phoenix, AZ 1230 KHEI Kihel, HI 1100
KCLK Clarkston, WA 1430 KDWB Minneapolis -St. Paul, KFLS Klamath Falls, OR 1450 KHEM Big Springs, TX 1270
KCLM Redding, CA 1330 MN 630 KFLT Tucson, AZ 1450 KHEN Henryetta, OK 930
KCLO Leavenworth, KS 1410 KDWN Las Vegas, NV 720 KFLY Corvallis, OR 1240 KHEP Phoenix, AZ 1280
KCLR Rails, TX 1530 KDWT Stamford, TX 1400 KFMB San Diego, CA 760 KHEY El Paso, TX 1590
KCLS Flagstaff, AZ 600 KDXE N. Little Rock, AR 1380 KFMJ Tulsa, OK 1050 KHIL Willcox, AZ 1250
KCLT Lockhart, TX 1060 KDXI Mansfield, LA 1360 KFML Denver, CO 1390 KHIS Bakersfield, CA 800
KCLU Rolla, MO 1590 KDXU St. George, UT 1450 KFMO Flat River, MO 1240 KNIT Walla Walla, WA 1230
KCLV Clovis, NM 1240 KDYL Tonale, UT 990 KFNV Ferriday, LA 1600 KHJ Los Angeles, CA 930
KCLW Hamilton, TX 900 KDZA Pueblo, CO 1230 KFNW Fargo, ND 1170 KHLB Burnett, TX 1340
KCLX Colfax, WA 1450 KEAM Port Arthur, TX 1510 KYFR Shenandoah, IA 920 KHLO jlilo, HI 1070
KCMG Texarkana, TX 740 KEAN Abilene, TX 1280 KFOR Lincoln, NE 1240 KHMO Hannibal, MO 1320
KCMJ Palm Springs, CA 1140 KEAP Fresno, CA 980 KFPW Fort Smith, AR 1230 KHND Harvey, ND 1540
KCMO Kansas City, MO 810 KEBE Jacksonville, TX 1400 KFOD Anchorage, AK KNOB Hobbs, NM 1390
KCMP Brush, CO 1010 KECH Ketchikan, AK 620 KFRA Franklin, LA 1390 KHOG Fayetteville, AR 1440
KCMX Ashland, OR 580 KECK Lincoln, NE 1530 KFRB Fairbanks, AL 820 KHOL Beulah, ND 1410
KCNI Broken Bow, NE 1280 KEDA San Antonio, TX 1540 KFRC San Francisco, CA 610 KNOT Madera, CA 1250
KCNO Alturas, CA 570 KEDD Dodge City, KS 1550 KFRD Rosenberg -Richmond, KHOW Denver, CO 630
KCNW Fairway, KS 1380 KEDO Longview, WA 1400 TX 980 KHOZ Harrison, AR 900
KCNY San Marcos, TX 1470 KEED Eugene, OR 1450 KFRE Fresno, CA 940 KHO Spokane, WA 590
KCOB Newton, IA 1280 KEEE Nacogdoches, TX 1230 KFRM Salina, KS 550 KHRT Minot, ND 1320
KCOG Centerville, IA 1400 KEEL Shreveport, LA 710 KFRN Long Beach, CA 1280 KHSJ Hemet, CA 1320
KCOH Houston; TX 1430 KEEN San Jose, CA 1370 KFRO Longview, TX 1370 KHSL Chico, CA 1290
KCOK Tulare, CA 1270 KEEP Twin Falls, ID 1450 KFRU Columbia, MO 1400 KHSN Coos Bay, OR 1230
KCOL Ft. Collins, CO 1410 KEES Gladewater, TX 1430 KFSA Fort Smith, AR 950 KHUB Fremont, NE 1340
KCOM Commanche, TX 1550 KEEP Minneapolis -St. Paul, KFSB Joplin, MO 1310 KHUG Medford, OR 1300
KCON Conway, AR 1230 MN1400 KEST Ft. Stockton, TX 860 KHVH Honolulu, HI 990
KCOR San Antonio, TX 1350 KEGG Deingerlleld, TX 1580 KFTM Ft. Morgen, CO 1400 KHYM Gilmer, TX 1060
KCOW Alliance, NE 1400 KEHG Fosston, MN 1480 KFTN Provo, UT 1400 KHYT Tucson, AZ 1330
KCPS Burlington, IA 1150 KEIN Great Falls, MT 1310 KFTW Frederickstown, MO 1450 KIAK Fairbanks, AK 970
KCPX Salt Lake City, UT 1320 KEKA Eureka, CA 790 KFUN Las Vegas, NM 1230 KIBE Palo Alto, CA 1220
KCRC Enid, OK 1390 KELA Cenlrall-CheCkalls, WA 1470 r Kr..../ Clayton,MO 850 KIEL 00010110, TX 1490 w

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 67


U.S. AM STATIONS BY CALL LETTERS
Call Location kHz Call Location kHz, Call Location kHz Call Location kHz

KISS Bishop, CA 1230 KKCS Colorado Springs, CO 1530 KMAK Fresno, CA 1340 KOAC Corvallis, OR 550
KICA Clovis, NM 980 KKDA Grand Prairie, TX 730 KMAM Butler,MO 1530 KOAK Red Oak, IA 1080
KICD Spencer, IA 1240 KKDI Sheridan, AR 1540 KMAN Manhattan, KS 1350 KOAL Price, UT 1230
KICK Springfield, MO 1340 KKEE Rochester, MN 1520 KMAO Maquoketa, IA 1320 KOAM Pittsburg, KS 860
KICO Calexico, ICA 1490 KKEY Portland, OR 1150 KMAR Winnsboro, LA 1570 KOB Albuquerque. NM 770
KICS Hastings, NE 1550 KKHI San Francisco, CA 1550 KMAS Shelton, WA 1280 KOBE Las Cruces. NM 1450
KICX McCook, NE 1360 KKIK Waco-Marlin, TX 1010 KMAV Mayville, ND. 1520 KOBH Hot Springs, SD 580
KICY Nome, AK 850 KKIM Albuquerque, NM 1000 KMAY Riverside, CA 1570 KOBO Yuba City, CA 1450
KID Idaho Falls, ID 590 KKIN Altkin, MN 930 KMBI Spokane, WA 1330 KOBY Reno, NV 1550
KIDD Monterey, CA 630 KKIO Santa Barbara, CA 1290 KMBL Junction, TX 1450 KOCA Kilgore, TX 1240
KIDN Pueblo, CO 1350 KKIS Pittsburg, CA 990 KMBZ Kansas City, MO 980 KOCY Oklahoma City, OK 1340
KIDO Boise, ID 630 KKIT Tiros, NM 1340 KMCD Fairfield, IA 1570 KODE Joplin, MO 1230
KIEL Jacksonville, AR 1500 KKJO St. Joseph, MO 1550 KMCE Merced, CA 1580 KODI Cody, WY 1400
KIEV Glendale, CA 870 KKJY Albuquerque, NM 1190 KMCL McCall, ID 1240 KODL The Dalles, OR 1440
KIFG Iowa Falls. IA 1510 KKKO Tempe, AR 1060 KMCW Augusta, AR 1190 KODY North Platte, NE 1240
KIFN Phoenix, AZ 860 KKLS Rapid City, SD 920 KMDO Ft. Scott, KS 1600 KOEL Oelweln, IA 950
KIFW Sltka, AK 1230 KKOA Mlnto, ND 1390 KMED Medford, OR 1440 KOFE St. Merles, ID 1490
KIGO St. Anthony, ID 1400 KKOJ Jackson, MN 1190 KMEN San Bernardino, CA 1290 KOFI Kalispell, MT 1180
KIHN Hugo, OK 1340 KKON Keelakekua, HI 790 KMEO Phoenix, AZ 740 KOFO Ottawa, KS 1220
KIIO Manitou Springs, CO 1490 KKOY Chanute, KS 1460 KMER Kemmerer, WY 950 KOFY San Mateo, CA 1050
KIIX FI. Collins, CO 600 KKRC Sioux Falls, SD 1230 KMFB Mendocino, CA 1300 KOGA Ogallala, NE 930
KIIZ Killeen, TX 1050 KKSI Mt. Pleasant, IA 1130 KMFO Aptos-Capitola, CA 1540 KOGO San Diego, CA 600
KIJV Huron, SD 1340 KKSN Vancouver, WA 910 KMGX Tucson, AZ 940 KOGT Orange, TX 1600
KIKC Forsyth, MT 1250 KKUA Honolulu, HI 890 KMHL Marshall, MN 1400 KOH Reno, NV 630
KIKI Honolulu, HI 830 KKUB Brownfield, TX 1300 KMHT Marshall, TX 1450 KOHI St. Helens, OR 1600
KIKK Pasadena, TX 650 KKXL Grand Forks, ND 1440 KMIA Salinas, CA 1570 KOHO Honolulu, HI 1170
KIKM Sherman, TX 910 KKYN Plainview, TX 1090 KMIL Cameron, TX 1330 KOHU Hermiston, OR 1360
KIKN Sinlon, TX 1590 KKYR Marshall, TX 1410 KMIN Grants, NM 980 KOIL Omaha, NE 1290
-KIKO Miami, AZ 1340 KKYX San Antonio 680 KMIO EI Cajon, CA 910 KOJM Havre, MT 610
KIKR Conroe, TX 900 KKZZ Lancaster, CA 1380 KMIS Portageville, MO 1050 KOJO Laramie, WY 1490
KIKS Iola, KS 1370 KLAC Los Angeles, CA 570 KMJ Fresno, CA 580 KOKK Shreveport, LA 1550
KIKZ Seminole, TX 1250 KLAD Klamath Falls, OR 960 KMJC El Cajon, CA 910 KOKC Guthrie, OK 1490
KILE Galveston, TX 1400 KLAK Lakewood, CO 1600 KMKR Meeker, CO 1450 KOKE Austin, TX 1370
KILR Estherville, IA 1070 KLAM Cordova, AK 1450 KMLB Monroe, LA 1440 KOKA Huron, SD 1190
KILT Houston, TX 610 KLAR Laredo, TX 1300 KMLO Vista, CA 1000 KOKI Coalinga, CA 1470
KIMB Kimball, NE 1260 KLAT Houston, TX 1010 KMMJ Grand Island, NE 750 KOKL Okmulgee, OK 1240
KIML Gillette, WY 1270 KLAV Las Vegas, NV 1230 KMMO Marshall, MO 1300 KOKO Warrensburg, MO 1450
KIMM Rapid City, SD 1150 KLAY Lakewood, WA 1480 KMMZ Greybull, WY 1140 KOKX Keokuk, IA 1310
KIMN Denver. CO 950 KLBJ Austin, TX 590 KMND Midland, TX 1510 KOKY Little Rock, AR 1250
KIMP Mt. Pleasant, TX 960 KLBM La Grande, OR 1450 KMNS Sioux City, IA 620 KOLE Port Arthur, TX 1340
KINA Salina, KS 910 KLBS Los Banos, ICA 1330 KMO Tacoma, WA 1360 KOLI Coalinga, CA 1470
KIND Independence, KS 1010 KLCB Libby, MT 1230 KMON Great Falls, MT 560 KOLJ Ouanah, TX 1150
KINE Kingsville, TX 1330 KLCL Lake Charles, LA 1470 KMOO Mineola, TX 1510 KOLM Rochester, MN 1520
KING Seattle, WA 1090 KLCN Blytheville, AR 910 KMOX St. Louis, MO 1230 KOLO Reno, NV 920
KINN Alamogordo, NM 1270 KLCO Poteau, OK 1280 KMPC Los Angeles, CA 710 KOLT Scottsbluff, NE 1320
KINO Winslow, AZ 1230 KLDR Denver, CO 1090 KMPG Hollister, CA 1520 KOLY Mobridge, SD 1300
KINS Eureka, CA 980 KLEA Lovington, NM 630 KMPL Sikeston, MO 1520 KOMA Oklahoma City, OK 1520
KINY Juneau, AK 800 KLEB Golden Meadow, LA 1600 KMPS Seattle, WA 1300 KOMO Seattle, WA 1000
KIOA Des Moines, IA 940 KLEE Ottumwa, IA 1480 KMRC Morgan City, LA 1430 KOMW Omak, WA 680
KIOE Honolulu, HI 1080 KLEH Anamosa, IA 1290 KMRN Cameron, MO 1360 KOMY Watsonville, CA 1340
KIOI Hayward, CA 1010 KLEI Kallua, HI 1130 MARS Morris, MN 1230 KONA Kennewick, WA 610
KIOT Barstow, CA 1310 KLEM LeMare, IA 1410 KMSD Milbank, SK 1510 KONE Reno, NV 1450
KIOX Bay City, TX 1270 KLEO Wichita, KS 1480 KMTI Mandl, UT 1590 KONG Visalia, CA 1400
KIPA Hilo, HI 620 KLER Oroflno, ID 950 KMTX Helena, MT 950 KONI Spanish Fork, UT 1480
KIZI San Francisco, CA 1010 KLEU Waterloo, IA 850 KMUL Muleshoe, TX 1380 KONO San Antonio, TX 860
KIOS Willows, CA 1560 KLEX Lexington, MO 1570 KMUS Muskogee, OK 1380 KONP Port Angeles, WA 1450
KIRL SI. Charles, MO 1480 KLEY Wellington, KS 1130 KMVI Walluku, HI 550 KONY San Marcos, TX 1470
KIRO Seattle, WA 710 KLFB Lubbock, TX 1420 KMWX Yakima, WA 1460 KOOK Billings, MT 970
KIRT Mission, TX 1580 KLFD Litchfield, MN 1410 KMYC Marysville, CA 1410 KOPA Scottsdale, AZ 1440
KIRV Fresno, CA 1510 KLFJ Springfield, MO 1550 KMYZ Pryor, OK 1570 KOPY Alice, TX 1070
KIRX Kirksville, MO 1450 KLGA Algona, IA 1600 K NAB Burlington, CO 1140 KOOT Bellingham, WA 1550
KISA Honolulu, HI 1540 KLGR Redwood Falls, MN 1400 KNAF Fredericksburg, TX 910 KORC Mineral Wells, TX 1140
KISD Medford, OR 860 KLIB Liberal, KS 1470 KNAK Delta, UT 540 KORD Pasco, WA 910
KISO EI Paso, TX 1150 KLIC Monroe, LA 1230 KNAL Victoria, TX 1410 KORE Springfield- Eugene, OR 1050
KIST Santa Barbara, CA 1340 KLID Popular Bluff, MO 1340 KNBA Vallejo, CA 1190 KORK Las Vegas, NV 920
KISU Pocatello, ID 1290 KLIF Dallas, TX 1190 KNBO New Boston, TX 1530 KORL Honolulu, HI 650
KIT Yakima, WA 1280 KLIK Jefferson City, MO 950 KNBR San Francisco, CA 680 KORN Mitchell, SD 1490
KITA Little Rock, AR 1440 KLIN Lincoln, NE 1400 KNBY Newport, AR 1280 KORT Grangeville, ID 1230
KIT! Chahalls -Centralia, WA 1420 KLIP Fowler, CA 1220 KNCB Vivian, LA 1320 KORV Oraville, CA 1340
KITN Olympia, WA 920 KLIO Portland. OR 1290 KNCK Concordia, KS 1390 KOSE Osceola, AR 860
KIUL Garden City, KS 1240 KLIT Pomona, CA 1220 KNCO Grass Valley, CA 1250 KOSI Aurora, CO 1430
KIUN Pecos, TX 1400 KLIV San Jose, CA 1590 KNCW Grand Coulee, WA 1490 KOSY Texarkana, AR 790
KIUP Durango, CO 930 KLIX Twin Falls, ID 1310 KNCY Nebraska City, NE 1600 KOTA Rapid City, SD 1380
KIVM Llhue, HI 1350 KLIZ Brainerd, MN 1380 KNDC Hettinger, ND 1490 KOTD Plattsmouth, NE 1000
KIVV Crockett, TX 1290 KLKC Parsons, KS 1540 KNDI Honolulu, HI 1570 KOTN Pine Bluff, AR 1490
KIWA Sheldon, IA 1550 KLLA Leesville, LA 1570 KNDK Langdon, ND 1270 KOTS Deming, NM 1230
KIXI Seattle, WA 910 KLLL Lubbock, TX 1460 KNDN Farmington, NM 960 KOTY Kennewick, WA 1340
KIXL Austin, TX 970 KLLR Walker, MN 1600 KNDY Marysville, KS 1080 KOTZ Kotzebue, AK 720
KIXX Provo. UT 1400 KLMO Longmont, CO 1060 KNEA Jonesboro, AR 970 KOUR Independence, IA 1220
KIXZ Amarillo, TX 940 KLMR Lamar, CO 920 KNEB Scottsbluff, NE 1450 KOVC Valley City, ND 1490
KJAM Madison, SD 1390 KLMS Lincoln, NE 1480 KNED McAlester, OK 970 KOVE Lander, WY 1330
KJAN Atlantic, IA 1220 KLMX Clayton, NM 1450 KNEI Waukon, IA 1150 KOVO Provo, UT 960
KJAS Jackson, MO 1170 KLNG Council Bluffs, IA 1560 KNEK Washington, LA 1190 KOWB Laramie, WY 1290
KJAX Santa Rosa, CA 1150 KLNT Clinton, IA 1390 KNEL Brady, TX 1140 KOWL South Lake Tahoe, CA 1490
KJAY Sacramento, CA 1430 KLO Ogden, UT 1430 KNEM Nevada, MO 1490 KOWN Escondido, CA 1450
KJBC Midland, TX 1150 KLOA Rldgecresl, CA 1240 KNET Palestine, TX 1240 KOWO Waseca, MN 1170
KJCF Festus, MO 1400 KLOC Ceres, CA 920 KNEU Roosevelt, UT 1250 KOXR Oxnard, CA 910
KJCH Cleveland, TX 1410 KLOE Goodland, KS 730 KNEW Oakland, CA 910 KOY Phoenix, AZ 550
KJCK Junction City, KS 1420 KLOG Kelso, WA 1490 KNEX McPherson, KS 1540 KOYL Odessa, TX 1310
KJDY John Day, OR 1400 KLOH Plpestone, MN 1050 KNEZ Lompoc, CA 960 KOYN Billings, MT 910
KJEF Jennings, LA 1290 KLOK San Jose, CA 1170 KNFT Bayard, NM 950 KOYY El Dorado, KS 1430
KJEL Lebanon, MO 1080 KLOM Lompoc, CA 1330 KNGS Hanford, CA 620 KOZA Odessa, TX 1230
KJEM Bentonville, AR 1190 KLOO Corvallis, OR 1340 KNIA Knoxville, IA 1320 KOZE Lewiston, ID 1300
KJET Beaumont, TX 1380 KLOU Lake Charles, LA 1580 KNIC Winfield, KS 1550 KOZI Chelan, WA 1230
KJIM Ft. Worth, TX 870 KLOV Loveland, CO 1570 KNIM Maryville, MO 1580 KOZY Grand Rapids, MN 1320
KJIN Houma, LA 1490 KLPL Lake Providence, LA 1050 KNIN Wichita Falls, TX 990 KPAC Port Arthur, TX . 1250
KJJJ Phoenix, AZ 910 KLPW Union, MO 1220 KNIR New Iberia, LA 1360 KPAG Pagosa Springs. CO 1400
KJJR Whitefish, MT 1400 KLRA Little Rock, AR 1010 KNIX Tempe, AZ 1580 KPAL Pineville, LA 1110
KJJT Odessa, TX 1000 KLRS Mountain Grove, MO 1360 KNLV Ord, NE 1060 KPAM Portland, OR 1410
KJLA Kansas City, MO 1190 KLSR Memphis, TX 1130 KNMX Las Vegas, NM 540 KPAN Hereford, TX 860
KJLT North Platte, NE 970 KLTC Dickinson, ND 1460 KNND Cottage Grove, OR 1400 KPAR Granbury, TX 1420
KJNO Juneau, AK 630 KLTF Little Falls, MN 960 KNOC Natchitoches, LA 1450 KPAT Sierra Vista, AZ 1420
KJNP North Pole, AK 1170 KLTR Macon, MO 1560 KNOE Monroe, LA 540 KPAY Chico, CA 1060
KJOE Shreveport, LA 1480 KLTR Blackwell, OK 1580 KNOT Pullman, WA 1150 KPBC Dallas, TX 1040
KJOP Lemoore, CA 1240 KLTZ Glasgow, MT 1240 KNOK Ft. Worth, TX 970 KPCA Marked Tree, AR 1580
KJOY Stockton, CA 1280 KLUB Salt Lake City, UT 570 KNOM Nome, AK 780 KPCO Quincy, CA 1370
KJPW Waynesville, MO 1390 KLUE Longview, TX 1280 KNOP North Platte, NE 1410 KPCR Bowling Green, MO 1530
KJON Ogden, UT 1490 KLUF Lufkin, TX 1420 KNOR Norman, OK 1400 KPDN Pampa, TX 1330
KJR Seattle, WA 950 KLUV Haynesville, LA 1580 KNOT Prescott, AZ 1450 KPDO Portland, OR 800
KJRB Spokane, WA 790 KLVI Beaumont, TX 560 KNOW Austin, TX 1490 KPEL Lafayette, LA 1420
KJRG Newton, KS 950 KLVL Pasadena, TX 1480 KNOX Grand Forks, ND 1310 KPEP San Angelo, TX 1420
KJSK Columbus, NE 900 KLVU Lompoc, CA 1400 KNPT Newport, OR 1310 KPET Lamesa, TX 690
KJST Joshua Tree, CA 1420 KLVT Levelland, TX 1230 KNSE Ontario, CA 1510 KPGE Page, AZ 1340
KJWH Camden, AR 1450 KLWJ Umatilla, OR 1090 KNTA Santa Clara, CA 1430 KPHX Phoenix, AZ 1480
KKAA Aberdeen, SD 1560 KLWN Lawrence, KS 1320 KNTB Bakerslleld, CA 1350 KPIA Ironton, MO 1480
KKAL Arroyo Grande, CA 1280 KLWT Lebanon, MO 1230 KNUI Kahului, HI 900 KPIK Colorado Springs, CO 1580
KKAN Phillipsburg, KS 1490 KLWW Cedar Rapids, IA 1450 KNUJ New Ulm, MN 860 KPIN Casa Grande, AZ 1260
KKAO Thiel River Falls, MN 1460 KLYC Laurel, MT 1490 KNUU Les Vegas, NV 970 KPIP Roseville, CA 1110
KKAS Silsbee, TX 1300 KLYO Hamilton, MT 1240 KNUZ Houston, TX 1230 KPLT Paris, TX 1490
KKAT Roswell, NM 1430 KLYR Clarksville, AR 1360 KNVU Las Vegas, NV 970 KPMC Bakersfield, CA 1560
KKAY White Castle, LA 1590 KLYX Sioux Falls, SD 1520 KNWC Sioux Falls, SD 1270 KPMO Mendocino, CA 1300
KKBJ Bemidji, MN 1360 KLZ Denver, CO 560 KNWS Waterloo, IA 1090 KPNW Eugene, OR 1120
KKBK Aztec, NM 1340 KMA Shenandoah, IA 960 KNX Los Angeles, CA 1070 KPHX Phoenix, AZ 1480
KKCC Clinton, OK 1320 KMAC San Antonio, TX 630 KNYO Independence, CA 600 KPOC Pocahontas, AR 1420
KKCM Walte Park, MN 1390 KMAD Madill, OK 1550 KOA Denver, CO 850 KPOD Crescent City, CA 1310

68 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


U.S. AM STATIONS BY CALL LETTERS
Call Location kHz Call Location kHz Call Location kHz Call Location kHz

KPOF Denver, CO 910 KROB Robstown, TX 1510 KSUD West Memphis, AR 730 KULF Houston, TX 790
KPOI Honolulu, HI 1040 KROC Rochester, MN 1340 KSUE Susanvllle, CA 1240 KULP EI Campo, TX 1390
KPOK Bowman, ND 1340 KROD El Paso, TX 600 KSUM Fairmont, MN 1370 KULY Ulysses, KS 1420
KPOS Post, TX 1370 KROE Sheridan, WY 930 KSUN Bisbee, AZ 1230 KUMA Pendleton, OR 1290
KPOW Powell, WY 1260 KROF Abbeville, LA 960 KSVA Sierra Vista, AZ 1470 KUMU Honolulu, HI 1500
KPPC Pasadena, CA 1240 KROP Brawley, CA 1300 KSVC Richfield, UT 980 KUNO Corpus Christi, TX 1400
KPO Wenatchee, WA 560 KROO Burbank, CA 1500 KSVN Ogden, UT 730 KUOA Siloam Springs, AR 1290
KPRB Redmond, OR 1240 KROR Myrtle Creek, OR 1360 KSVP Artesia, NM 990 KUOM Minneapolis, MN 770
KPRC Houston, TX 950 KROS Clinton. IA 1340 KSWA Graham, TX 1330 KUPI Idaho Fails, ID 980
KPRE Paris, TX 1250 KROW Dallas, OR 1260 KSWB Seaside, OR 930 KUPL Portland, OR 1330
KPRK Livingston, MT 1340 KROX Crookston, MN 1460 KSWM Aurora. MO 940 KURA Moab, UT 1450
KPRL Paso Robles. CA 1230 KROY Sacramento, CA 1240 KSWO Lawton, OK 1380 KURL Billings, MT 730
KPRM Park Rapids. MN 1270 KRPL Moscow, ID 1400 KSWW Wickenburg, AZ 1250 KURM Rogers, AR 1390
KPRO Riverside, CA 1440 KRPM Puyallup, WA 1450 KSXO Redding, CA 600 KURV Edinburg, TX 710
KPRO Murray, UT 1230 KRPT Anadarko, OK 850 KSXX Sandy, UT 630 KURY Brookings. OR 910
KPRS Kansas City, MO 1590 KRRR Ruidoso, NM 1360 KSYC Yreka, CA 1490 KUSD Vermillion, SD 690
KPRZ Los Angeles,CA 1150 KRPX Price. UT 1080 KSYL Alexandria, LA 970 KUSH Cushing, OK 1600
KPSA Alamogordo, NM 1230 KRSC Othello, WA 1400 KSYX Santa Rosa, NM 1420 KUSH St. Joseph. MO 1270
KPSI Palm Springs, CA 1450 KRSI St. Louis Park, MN 950 KTAC Tacoma, WA 850 KUTA Blending, UT 790
KPSO Falfurrias. TX 1260 KRSL Russell, KS 990 KTAE Taylor, TX 1260 KUTI Yakima, WA 980
KPTL Carson City, NE 1300 KRSN Los Alamos, NM 1490 KTAM Bryan, TX 1240 KUUY Cheyenne, WY 1530
KPUA Hilo, HI 670 KRSP S. Salt Lake City, UT 1060 KTAN Sierra Vista, AZ 1420 KUVR Holdrege, ME 1380
KPUB Pueblo, CO 1480 KRSY Roswell, NM 1230 KTAR Phoenix, AZ 620 KUXL Golden Valley, MN 1570
KPUG Bellingham. WA 1170 KRTN Raton, NM 1490 KTAT Frederick, OK 1570 KUXX Palmdale, CA 1470
KPUL Pullman, WA 1150 KRTR Thermopolis, WY 1490 KTBA Tuba City, AZ 1050 KUZN W. Monroe, LA 1310
KPWB Piedmont. MO 1140 KRUN Ballinger, TX 1400 KTBB Tyler, TX 600 KUZZ Bakersfield, CA 970
KPXE Liberty, TX 1050 KRUS Ruston, LA 1490 KTCB Maiden, MO 1470 KVAA Volga, SD 910
KOAC Glenwood, AR 1470 KRUX Glendale, AZ 1360 KTCH Wayne, NE 1590 KVAC Forks, WA 1490
KRVN Lexington, NH 880 KTCR Minneapolis, MN 690 KVAS Astoria, OR 1230
KOAD Luverne, MN 800
KOAM Wichita, KS 1410 KRWB Roseau, MN 1410 KTCS Fort Smith, AR 1410 KVBR Brainerd, MN 1340
970 KRWC Buffalo, MN 1360 KTDL Farmersvllle, LA 1470 KVCK Wolf Point, MT 1450
KOAO Austin, MN 1270
KOCV Oklahoma City, OK 800 KRWT Winters, TX 1080 KTDO Toledo. OR 1230 KVCL Winnfield, LA
KRXA Seward, AK 950 KTEE Idaho Falls, ID 1260 KVDB Sioux Center, IA 1090
KODI Great Falls, MT 1450
920
1400 KRXK Rexburg, ID 1230 KTEK Alvin, TX 1110 KVEC San Luis Obispo, CA
KODJ Jamestown, ND 1330
1390 KRYS Corpus Christi, TX 1360 KTEL Walla Walla, WA 1490 KVEE Conway, AR
KQDS Duluth, MN
KOEN Roseburg, OR 1240 KRZE Farmington, NM 1280 KTEM Temple, TX 1400 KVEG Henderson, NV 1400
KRZI Waco, TX 1580 KTEO San Angelo, TX 1340 KVEL Vernal, UT 920
KOEO Albuquerque, NM 920
1450
KOIK Lakeview, OR 1230 KRZJ Beloit, KS 1190 KTER Terrell, TX 1570 KVEN Ventura, CA
KOIL Grand Junction, CO 1340 KRZY Albuquerque, NM 1090 KTET Payette, IO 1450 KVET Austin, TX 1300
800 KSAC Manhattan, KS 580 KTFS Texarkana, TX 1400 KVFC Cortez, CO 740
KOIN Burlen, WA
1320 KSAL Salina. KS 1150 KTGO Tioga, ND 1090 KVFD Ft. Dodge, IA 1400
K010 Lsmoore, CA KVGB Great Bend, KS 1590
KOIZ Amarillo, TX 1360 KSAM Huntsville, TX 1490 KTGR Columbia, MO 1580
KOKD Redfield, SO 1380 KSAX Lubbock, TX 1340 KTHE Thermopolis, WY 1240 KVGM Yakima, WA 930
1170 KSCB Liberal, KS 1270 KTHO South Lake Tahoe, CA 590 KVI Seattle, WA 570
KOKI Bayou Vista, LA 1100
KOMS Redding, CA 1400 KSCJ Sioux City, IA 1360 KTHS Berryville, AR 1480 KVIB Kihei, HI
KONK Norton, KS 1530 KSCO Santa Cruz, CA 1080 KTIA Ft. Worth, TX 1540 KVIC Victoria, TX 1340
KORS Golden Valley, MN 1440 KSCR Renton. WA 1420 KTIB Thibodaux. LA 630 KVIL Highland Park, TX 1150
KSD St. Louis, MO 550 KTIL Tillamook, OR 1590 KVIN Vlnita, OK 1470
KOSA San Angelo, TX 1280
1130 KSDN Aberdeen, SD 930 KTIM San Rafael, CA 1510 KVIP Redding, CA 540
KOTI Edna, TX
KOTY Borger, TX 1490 KSDO San Diego, CA 1130 KTIP Porterville, CA 1450 KVKM Monahan, TX 1330
KSDR Waterton, SD 1480 KTIS Minneapolis, MN 900 KVLF Alpine, TX 1240
KOV Pittsburgh, PA 1410
1570
KOWB W. Fargo -Fargo, ND 1550 KSEE Santa Marla, CA 1480 KTIX Pendleton, OR 1240 KVLG LaGrange, TX
KOWC Webster City, IA 1570 KSEI Pocatello, ID 930 KTJS Hobart, OK 1420 KVLH Pauls Valley, OK 1470
1310 KSEK Pittsburg, KS 1340 KTKN Ketchikan, AK 930 KVLI Lake Isabella, CA 1140
KOXE Mesa, AZ 1220
1550 KSEL Lubbock, TX 950 KTKR Taft, CA 1310 KVLL Woodville, TX
KOXI Arvada, CO
KSEM Moses Lake, WA 1470 KTKT Tucson, AZ 990 KVLV Fallon, NV 980
KOXL New Roads, LA 1500
630
KOYX Joplin, MO 1560 KSEN Shelby, MT 1150 KTLC Twin Falls, ID 1270 KVMA Magnolia, AR
1590 KSEO Durant, OK 950 KTLD Tullulah, LA 1380 KVMC Colorado City, TX 1320
KRAD E. Grand Forks, MN 1450
1480 KSET EI Paw, TX 1340 KTLK Denver, CO 1280 KVML Sonora, CA
KRAE Cheyenne, WY 1010
KRAI Craig, CO 550 KSEY Seymour, TX 1230 KTLO Mountain Home, AR 1240 KVNC Winslow, AZ
1140 KSFA Nacogdoches, TX 860 KTLO Tahlequah, OK 1350 KVNI Coeur d'Alene, ID 1080
KRAK Sacramento, CA KVNU Logan, UT 610
KRAL Rawlins, WY 1240 KSFE Neddies, CA 1340 KTLU Rusk, TX 1580
KSFO San Francisco, CA 560 KTMC McAlester OK 1400 KVOB Bastrop, LA 1340
KRAM Las Vegas, NV 1340
KSGL Wichita. KS 900 KTMS Santa Barbara, CA 1250 KVOC Casper, WY 1230
KRAN Morton, TX 1280
1340 KSGM Chester, IL 980 KTNC Falls City, NE 1230 KVOE Emporia, KS 1400
KRBA Lufkin, TX 560
1560 KSGT Jackson, WY 1340 KTNM Tucumearl, NM 1400 KVOK Kodiak, AK
KRB8 Sallisaw, OK KVOL Lafayette, LA 1330
KRBC Abilene, TX 1470 KSHY Cheyenne, WY 1370 KTNO Los Angeles, CA 1020
1250 KSIB Creston, IA 520 KTNT Tacoma, WA 1400 KVOM Morrilton, AR 800
KRBF Fergus Falls, MN 1440
1310 KSID Sidney, NE 1340 KTOB Petaluma, CA 1490 KVON Napa, CA
KRBI St. Peter, MN KVOO Tulsa, OK 1170
KRBN Red Lodge, MT 1450 KSIG Crowley, LA 1450 KTOC Jonesboro, LA 920
KSIL Silver City, NM 1340 KTOE Mankato. MN 1420 KVOP Plainview, TX 1400
KRCO Prineville, OR 690
1400 KSIM Sikeston, MO 1400 KTOK Oklahoma City, OK 1000 KVOR Colorado Springs, CO 1300
KRCO Indio, CA KVOU Uvalde. TX 1400
KRDD Roswell, NM 1320 KSIR Estes Park, CO 1470 KTOM Salinas, CA 1380
KRDG Redding, CA 1230 KSIS Sedalia, MO 1050 KTON Belton, TX 940 KVOV Henderson -Las Vegas,
KSIW Woodward, OK 1450 KTOP Topeka, KS 1490 NV 1280
KRDO Colorado Springs, CO 1240
1230 KSIX Corpus Christi, TX 1230 KTOO Rapid City, SD 1340 KVOW Riverton, WY 1450
KRDR Gresham, OR
KSJB Jamestown, ND 600 KTOW Sand Spring, OK 1340 KVOX Moorhead, MN 1280
KRDS Tolleson, AZ 1190
1130 KSJN Minneapolis, MN 1330 KTPA Prescott, AR 1370 KVOY Yuma, AZ 1400
KRDU Dinuba, CA
1440 KSKI Halley, ID 1340 KTRB Modesto, CA 860 KVOZ Laredo, TX 1490
KRDZ Wray, CO 1050
KRE Berkeley, CA 1400 KSKS Conroe, TX 1140 KTRC Santa Fe, NM 1400 KVPI Ville Platte. LA
KRED Eureka, CA 1480 KSKX Topeka, KS 1440 KTRF Thiel River Falls, MN 1230 KVRA Vermillion, SD 1570
KREH Oakdale, LA 900 KSKY Dallas, TX 660 KTRH Houston, TX 740 KVRC Arkadelphia, AR 1240
KREI Farmington, MO 800 KSL Salt Lake City, UT 1160 KTRN Wichita Falls, TX 1290 KVRD Cottonwood, AZ 1600
KREK Sapulpa, OK 1550 KSLM Salem, OR 1390 KTRT Truckee, CA 1400 KVRE Santa Rosa, CA 1480
KREM Spokane, WA 970 KSLO Opelousas, LA 1230 KTRY Bastrop, LA 730 KVRH Salida. CO 1340
KREW Sunnyslde, WA 1230 KSLV Monte Vista, CO 1240 KTSA San Antonio, TX 550 KVRN Sonora, TX 980
KSLY San Luis Obispo, CA 1400 KTSM EI Paso, TX 1380 KVSA McGehee, AR 1220
KREX Grand Junction, CO 1100
1390 KSMA Santa Maria, CA 1240 KTTN Trenton, MO 1600 KVSF Sante Fe, NM 1260
KRFO Owatonna, MN
KRFS Superior, NE 1430 KSMM Shakopee, MN 1530 KTTR Rolla, MO 1490 KVSH Valentine, NE 940
KRGI Grand Island, NE 1430 KSMO Salem, MO 1340 KTTS Springfield, MO 1400 KVSI Montpelier, ID 1450
KRGO Granger, UT 1550 KSNO Aspen, CO 1260 KTTT Columbus, NE 1510 KVSL Show Low. AZ 1450
KRGV Weslasco, TX 1550 KSNY Snyder, TX 1450 KTTX Brenham, TX 1280 KVSO Ardmore, OK 1240
KRHD Duncan, OK 1350 KSO Des Moines, IA 1460 KTUC Tucson, AZ 1400 KVWC Vernon, TX 1490
KRHS Bullhead City, AZ 1000 KSOA Ave, MO 1430 KTUE Tulla, TX 1260 KVWG Pearsall, TX 1280
KSOH Little Rock, AR 1050 KTUI Sullivan, MO 1560 KVWM Show Low, AZ 970
KRIB Mason City, IA 1490
KRIG Odessa, TX 1410 KSOK Arkansas City, KS 1280 KTWG Agana, Guam 800 KVYL Holdenville, OK 1370
KRIH Rayvllle, LA 990 KSON San Diego, CA 1240 KTWN Anoka, MN 1470 KWAC Bakersfield, CA 1490
KRIO McAllen, TX 910 KSOO Sioux Falls, SK 1140 KTWO Casper, WY 1030 KWAD Wadena, MN 920
KRIZ Pheonlx, AZ 1230 KSOP S. Salt Lake City, UT 1370 KTXJ Jasper, TX 1350 KWAK Stuttgart, AR 1240
KRJH Hallettsvllle, TX 1520 KSOX Raymondville, TX 1240 KTXO Sherman, TX 1500 KWAL Wallace, ID 620
KRKC King City, CA 1490 KSPD Boise, ID 790 KTXX Whitefish, MT 1450 KWAM Memphis, TN 990
KRKE Albuquerque, NM 610 KSPI Stillwater, OK 780 KTYD Santa Barbara, CA 990 KWAT Watertown, SK 950
KRKK Rock Springs, WY 1360 KSPL Diboll. TX 1260 KTYL Tyler, TX 1330 KWAY Waverly, IA 1470
KRKM North Pole, AK 600 KSPO Spokane, WA 1230 KTYM Inglewood, CA 1460 KWBB Wichita, KS 1410
KRKO Everett, WA 1380 KSPR Springdale, AR 1590 KTYN Minot. ND 1430 KWBC Navasota, TX 1550
s KRKS D , CO 990 KSPT Sandpoint, ID 1400 KUAD Windsor, CO 1170 KWBE Beatrice, NE 1450
KRKT Albany, OR 990 KSRA Salmon, ID 960 KUAI Eleele, Kanal, HI 720 KWBG Boone, IA 1590
KRLA Pasadena, CA 1440 KSRB Hardy, AR 1570 KUAM Agana, GU 610 KWBW Hutchinson, KS 1450
KRLB Lubbock, TX 580 KSRC Socorro, NM 1290 KUAT Tucson, AZ 1550 KWBZ Englewood, CO 1150
KRLC Lewiston, IO KSRM Soldotna, AK 920 KUBA Yuba City, CA 1600 KWCK Searcy, AR 1300
Clarkston, WA 1350 KSRO Santa Rosa, CA 1350 KUBC Montrose, CO 580 KWCL Oak Grove, LA 1280
KRLD Dallas, TX 1080 KSRV Ontario, OR 1380 KUDE Oceanside, CA 1320 KWCO Chickasha, OK 1560
KRLN Canon City, CO 1400 KSSK Honolulu, HI 590 KUDY Spokane, WA 1280 KWEB Rochester, MN 1270
KRLW Walnut Ridge, AR 1320 KSSS Colorado Springs, CO 740 KUEN Wenatehee, WA 900 KWED Seguin, TX 1580
KRMC Midwest City, OK 1220 KSST Sulphur Springs, TX 1230 KUFE Agana, Guam 940 KWEI Weiser, ID 1260
KRMD Shreveport, LA 1340 KSTA Coleman, TX 1000 KUGN Eugene, OR 590 KWEL Midland, TX 1070
KRME Hondo, TX 1460 KSTB Breckenridge, TX 1430 KUGR Green River, WY 1490 KWEW Hobbs, NM 1480
KRMG Tulsa, bK 740 KSTC Sterling, CO 1230 KUHL Santa Marla, CA 1440 KWEY Weatherford, OK 1590
KRML Carmel, CA 1410 KSTL St. Louis, MO 690 KUIK Hillsboro, OR 1360 KWFT Wichita Falls, TX 620
KRMD Monett, MO 990 KSTN Stockton, CA 1420 KUJ Walla Walla, WA 1420 KWG Stockton, CA 1230
KRMS Osage Beach, MO 1150 KSTP St. Paul, MN 1500 KUKA San Antonio, TX 1250 KWGH Big Lake, TX 1290
KRNR Roseburg, OR 1490 KSTR Grand Junction, CO 620 KUKI Ukiah, CA 1400 KWHK Hutchinson, KS 1260
KRNS Bums, OR 1230 KSTT Davenport, IA 1170 KUKU Willow Springs, MO 1330 KWHN Fort Smith, AR 1320
KRNT Des Moines, IA 1350 KSTV Stephenville, TX 1510 KULA Waipahl, HI 940 KWHO Salt Lake City, UT 860
KRNY Kearney, NE 1460 KSUB Cedar City, UT 590 KULE Ephrata, WA 730 KWHW Altus, OK 1450

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 71


U.S. AM STATIONS BY CALL LETTERS
Call Location kHz Call Location kHz Call Location KHz Call Location kHz

KWIK Pocatello, ID 1240 KYNO Fresno, CA 1300 WAMA Selma, AL 1340 WBBL Richmond, VA 1480
KWIL Albany, OR 790 KYNT Yankton, SD 1450 WAMB Donelson, TN 1170 WBBM Chicago, IL 780
KWIC/ Moses Lake, WA 1260 KYOK Houston, TX 1590 WAMD Aberdeen. MD 970 WBBO Forest City, NC 780
KWIV Douglas, WY 1470 KYOO Bolivar. MO 1130 WAMG Gelatin. TN 1130 WBBO Augusta, GA 1340
KWIX Moberly, MO 1230 KYOR Blythe, CA 1450 WAMI Opp, AL 860 WBBR Travelers Rest, SC 1580
KWIZ Santa Ana, CA 1480 KYOS Merced, CA 1480 WAML Laurel. MS 1340 WOBT Lyons, GA 1340
KWJJ Portland. OR 1080 KYRO Potosi, MO 1280 WAMM Flint, MI 1420 WBBW Youngstown, OH 1240
KWK St. Louts, MO 1380 KYOU Greeley, CO 1450 WAMO Pittsburgh, PA' 860 WBBX Portsmouth, NH 1380
KWKA Clovis, NM 680 KYSM Mankato. MN 1230 WAMO Loretto, PA 1400 WBBZ Pone City, OK 1230
KWKC Abilene. TX 1340 KYSN Colorado Springs. CO 1460 WAMR Venice, FL 1320 WBCA Bay Minette, AL 1110
KWKH Shreveport. LA 1130 KYSS Missoula, MT 930 WAMS Wilmington, DE 1380 WBCB Levittown, PA 1490
KWKN Wichita, KS 1480 KYST Texas City. TX 920 WAMW Washington, IN 1580 WBCF Florence, AL 1240
KWKW Pasadena, CA 1300 KYTE Portland, OR 970 WAMY Amory, MS 1580 WBCG Columbus, GA 1440
KWKY Des Moines, IA 1150 KYUK Bethel. AK 580 WANA Anniston, AL 1490 WBCH Hastings. MI 1220
KWLA Many, LA 1400 KYVA Gallup, NM 1230 WANB Waynesburg. PA 1580 WBCI Williamsburg, VA 740
KWLC Decorah, IA 1240 KYW Philadelphia, PA 1060 WANL Lineville, AL 1540 WBCK Battle Creek, MI 930
KWLM Willmar, MN 1340 KYXI Oregon City. OR 1520 WANM Tallahassee, FL 1070 WBCO Bucyrus, OH 1540
KWLS Pratt. KS 1290 KYXX Odessa. TX 920 WANN Annapolis, MD 1190 WBCS Milwaukee. WI 1340
KWMB Wabasha, MN 1190 KZAM Bellevue, WA 1540 WANG Pineville, KY 1230 WBCU Union, SC 1460
KWMC Del Rlo, TX 1490 KZEE Weatherford, TX 1220 WANS Anderson, SC 1280 WBCW Jeanette, PA 1530
KWMS Salt Lake City. UT 1280 KZEY Tyler. TX 690 WANT Richmond, VA 990 WBDN Escanaba, MI 600
KWMT Ft. Dodge, lA 540 KZIA Albuquerque. NM 1580 WANV Waynesboro, VA 970 WBDY Bluefield. VA 1190
KWNA Winnemucca, NV 1400 KZIP Amarillo, TX 1310 WANY Albany. KY 1390 WBEC Pittsfield, MA 1420
KWNC Quincy. WA 1370 KZIO Rldgecrest, CA 1360 WAOA Opelika, AL 1520 WBEE Harvey, IL 1570
KWNO Winona, MN 1230 KZLA Los Angeles, CA 1540 WAOC SL Augustine. FL 1420 WBEJ Elizabethton, TN 1240
KWNT Davenport, IA 1580 KING Hot Springs, AR 1340 WAOK Atlanta, GA 1480 WBEL So. Beloit. IL 1380
KWOA Worthington. MN 730 KZOE Princeton, IL 1490 WAOP Ostego. MI 980 WREN Buffalo, NY 930
KWOC Poplar Bluff, MO 930 KZOK Seattle, WA 1590 WAOV Vincennes, IN 1450 WBER Moncks Corner, SC 950
KWOK Wagoner, OK 1530 KZOL Farwell, TX 1570 WAPA San Juan, PR 680 WBET Brockton, MA 1460
KWON Bartlesville, OK 1400 KZON Santa Marie. CA 1600 WAPE Jacksonville, FL 690 WBEU Beaufort, SC 960
KWOR Worland, WY 1340 KZOO Honolulu, HI 1210 WAPF McComb, MS 980 WBEV Beaver Darn, WI 1430
KWOS Jefferson City, MO 1240 KZOT Marianna, AR 1460 WAPG Arcadia, FL 1480 WBEX Chillicothe, OH 1490
KWOW Pomona, CA 1600 KIRK Ozark, AR 1540 WAPI Birmingham, AL 1070 WBFC Stanton. KY 1470
KWPC Muscatine. IA 860 KZUL Parker, AZ 1380 WAPR Avon Park, FL 1390 WBFD Bedford, PA
KWPM West Plains. MO 1310
1450 KZUN Opportunity, WA 630 WAGE Rice lake, WI 1090 WBJF Winston- Salem, NC 1550
KWPR Claremore, OK 1270 KZYM Cape Girardeau, MO 1220 WAQI Ashtabula, OH 1600 WBFN Quitman, MS 1500
KWRC Woodburn. OR 940 KZZN Littlefield. TX 1490 WARA Attleboro, MA 1320 WBGC Chipley. FL 1240
KWRD Henderson, TX 1470 KZZP Mesa, AZ 1310 WARB Covington, LA 730 WBGN Bowling Green. KY 1340
KWRE Warrenton. MO 730 WAAA Winston- Salem, NC 980 WARD Pittston, PA 1540 WBGR Paris, KY 1440
KWRF Warren, AR 860 WAAC Terre Haute, IN 1300 WARE Ware, MA 1250 WBGY Tullahoma, TN
KWRM Corona, CA 740
1370 WAAK Dallas -Gastonia, NC 960 WARF Jasper, AL 1240 WBHB Fitzgerald, GA 1240
KWRO Coquille, OR 630 WAAM Ann Arbor, MI 1600 WART Abbeville. AL 1480 WBHC Hampton, SC 1270
KWRT Boonville, MO 1370 WAAO Andalusia, AL 1530 WARP( Hagerstown, MD 1490 WBHF Cartersville, GA
KWSD ML Shasta, CA 1450
620 WAAX Gadsden, AL 570 WARM Scranton, PA 590 WBHM Birmingham, AL 1550
KWSH Wewoka -Seminole, WAAY Huntsville, AL 1550 WARO Canonsburg, PA 540 WBHN Bryson City, NC 1590
OK 1260 WABA Aquadilla, PR 850 WARR Warrenton, NC 1520 WBHP Huntsville, AL 1230
KWSL Sioux CIty, IA 1470 WABE Mobile, AL 1480 WARU Peru, IN 1600 WBHT Brownsville, TN 1520
KWSO Wasco, CA 1050 WABC New York. NY 770 WARY Warwick -E. Greenwich, WBIA Augusta, GA 1230
KWSR Rille, CO 810 WABD Fort Campbell. KY 1370 RI 1590 WBIB Centreville, AL 1110
KWSU Pullman, WA 1250 WABF Falrhope, AL 1220 WASA Havre de Grace, MD 1330 WBIC New Bern, NC
KWTC Barstow, CA 1380
1230 WABG Greenwood, MS 960 WASC Spartanburg, SC 1530 WBIE Marietta. GA 1080
KWTO Springfield, MO 560 WABH Churchville, VA 1150 WASK Lafayette, IN 1450 WBIG Greensboro, NC 1470
KWTX Waco, TX 1230 WABI Bangor, ME 910 WASP Brownsville, PA 1130 WBIL Tuskegee, AL
KWUN Concord, CA 580
1480 WABJ Adrian, MI 1490 WASR Wolleboro. NH 1420 WBIN Benton, TN 1540
KWVR Enterprise, OR 1340 WABK Gardiner. ME 1280 WATA Boone, NC 1450 WBIO Parsippany, NJ 1310
KWWB Bismarck- Mandan, ND 1270 WABL Amite. LA 1570 WATC Gaylord. MI 900 WBIP Booneville, MS
KWWL Waterloo, IA 1400
1330 WABO Waynesboro, MS 990 WATH Athens, OH 970 WBIS Bristol, CT 1440
KWWW Wenatchee, WA 1340 WABO Cleveland, OH 1540 WATT Indianapolis. IN 810 WRIT Adel. GA 1470
KWXI Glenwood, AZ 1470 WABS Arlington. VA 780 WATK Antigo, WI 900 WBIW Bedford, IN 1340
KWXY Cathredal City, CA 1340 WART Montgomery, AL 1000 WATM Atmore, AL 1590 WBIX Jacksonville Beach, FL 1010
KWYN Wynne. AR 1400 WABV Abbeville. SC 1590 WATN Watertown. NY 1240 WBJA Guayama. PR
KWYO Sheridan, WY 1540
1410 WABY Albany, NY 1400 WATO Oak Ridge, TN 1290 WBJM Lemmon, SC 1400
KWYR Winner, SK 1260 WACA Camden, SC 1590 WATP Marion, SC 1430 WBKC Chardon, O
KWYS W. Yellowstone, MT 1560
920 WACB Kittanning. PA 1380 WATR Waterbury, CT 1320 WBKH Hattiesburg, MS 950
KWYZ Everett, WA 1230 WACO Alexander City, AL 1590 WATS Sayre. PA 960 WBKV West Bend, WI 1470
KXA Seattle, WA 770 WACE Chicopee, MA 730 WATT Cadllrac, MI 1240 WBLA Elizabethtown, NC 1440
KXAK Corrales. NM 1310 WACI The Dalles. OR 1300 WATV Birmingham, AL 900 WBLB Pulaski, VA
KXAM Scottsdale, AZ 1510
1440 WACK Newark, NY 1420 WATW Ashland, WI 1400 WBLC Lenoir City. TN 1360
KXAR Hope, AR 1490 WACL Waycross, GA 570 WATZ Alpena, MI 1450 WBLE Batesville, MS 1290
KXEG Phoenix, AZ 1010 WACO Waco, TX 1460 WAUB Auburn. NY 1590 WBLF Bellefonte, PA 970
KXEL Waterloo, IA 1540 WACO Carrvllle, AL 1130 WAUC Wauchula, FL 1310 WBLJ Dalton, GA 1230
KXEM McFarland, CA 1590 WACR Columbus, MS 1050 WAUD Auburn, AL 1230 WBLO Evergreen. AL 1470
KXEN Festus -St. Louis, MO 1010 WACT Tuscaloosa, AL 1420 WAUK Waukesha, WI I WBLR Batesburg, SC 1430
KXEO Mexico, MO 1340 WACX Austell. GA 1600 WAVC Warner Robins, GA 350 WBLT Bedford, VA
1 1350
KXEW South Tucson, AZ 1600 WADA Shelby. NC 1390 WAVE Louisville, KY 970 WBLW Royston, GA 810
KXEX Fresno, CA 1550 WAOC Parkersburg, WV 1050 WAVI Dayton, OH 210 WBLY Springfield, OH
1 1600
KXGN Glendlve, MT 1400 WADE Wadesboro. NC 1210 WAVL Apollo. PA 910 WBMA Beaufort, NC 1400
KXIC Iowa City. IA 800 WADK Newport, Ri 1540 WAVN Stillwater, MN 1 220 WBMB West Branch, MI 1060
KXIT Da!hart, TX 1410 WADM Decatur, IN 1540 WAVO Avondale Estates, GA 1 420 WBMC McMinnville, TN 960
KXIV Phoenix, AZ 1400 WADO New York, NY 1280 WAVS Ft. Lauderdale, FL 1 190 WBMD Baltimore, MD 750
KXJK Forrest City, AR 950 WAOR Remsen, NY 1480 WAVU Albertville, AL 630 WBME Belfast, ME 1230
KXKS Albuquerque. NM 1190 WADS Ansonia, CT 690 WAVZ New Haven, CT 1 300 WBMJ San Juan, PR 1190
KXKW Lafayette. LA 1520 WAEB Allentown, PA 790 WAWA West Allis, WI 1 590 WBMK Wesl Point, GA 1310
KXL Portland, OR 750 WAEC Atlanta, GA 860 WAWK Kendallville. IN 1 140 WBML Macon, GA 900
KXLE Ellensburg. WA 1240 WAEL Mayaguez, PR 600 WAWZ Zarephath, NJ WBMS Black Mountain, NC 1350
KXLF Butte, MT 1370 WAEW Crossville, TN 1330 WAXE Vero Beach, FL 1370 WBNC Conway. NH 1050
KXLO Lewiston, MT 1230 WAEY Princeton, WV 1490 WAXO Lewisburg, TN 1220 WBNL Boonville, IN 1540
KXLR North Little Rock, AR 1150 WAFL Milford, DE 930 WAXU Georgetown, KY 1580 WBNO Bryan, OH 1520
KXLY Spokane, WA 920 WAGC Centre, AL 1560 WAYB Waynesboro, VA 1490 WBNR Beacon, NY 1260
KXO El Centro. CA 1230 WAGE Leesburg. VA 1290 WAYC Bedford, PA 1600 WBNS Columbus, OH 1460
KXOA Sacramento. CA 1470 WAGF Dothan, AL 1320 WAYD Ozark, AL 1190 WBNT Oneida, TN 1310
KXOK SI. Louis, MO 630 WAGG Franklin, TN 950 WAVE Baltimore, MD 860 WBNX New York, NY 1380
KXOL Ft. Worth, TX 1360 WAGL Lancaster. SC 1560 WAYK Lehigh Acres. FL 1440 WBOB Galax, VA 1360
KXOW Hot Springs, AR 1420 WAGM Presque Isle. ME 950 WAYL Richfield, MN 980 WBOC Salisbury', MO 960
KXOX Sweetwater, TX 1240 WAGN Menornlpce. MI 1340 WAYN Rockingham, NC 900 WBOK New Orleans, LA 1230
KXPO Grafton, ND 1340 WAGO Oshkosh, WI 690 WAYR Orange Park, FL 550 WBOL Bolivar, TN 1560
KXOR Clovis. CA 790 WAGR Lumberton, NC 580 WAYS Charlotte, NC 610 WBOO Baraboo, WI 740
KXRA Alexandria, MN 1490 WAGS Bishopville, SC 1380 WAYT Wabash. IN 1510 WBOP Pensacola, FL 980
KXRB Sioux Falls, SD 1000 WAGY Forest City, NC 1320 WAYX Waycross. GA 1230 WBOW Terre Haute, IN 1230
KXRO Aberdeen. WA 1320 WAHT Annville- Cleona, PA 1510 WAVY Chippewa Falls, WI 1150 WBOX Bogalusa, LA 920
KXRQ Trumann, AR 1530 WATK Gainesburg, IL 1590 WAYZ Waynesboro. PA 1380 WBOZ San German, PR 1090
KXRX San Jose, CA 1500 WAIM Anderson, SC 1230 WAZA Bainbridge, GA 1360 WBPA Elkhorn City. KY 1460
KXVO Pawhuska, OK 1500 WAIN Columbia, KY 1270 WAZE Clearwater, FL 860 WBPZ Lock Haven, PA 1230
KXXL Bozeman, MT 1450 WAIR Winston -Salem, NC 1340 WAZL Hazelton, PA 1490 WBON Barceloneta, PR 1160
KXXO Tulsa, OK 1300 WAIT Chicago, IL 820 WAZF Yazoo City, MS 1230 WBQW Scranton, PA 1320
KXXR Spokane, WA 1440 WAIV Jacksonville, FL 600 WAZS Summerville, SC 980 WBRB Mt. Clemens, MI 1430
KXXX Colby, KS 790 WAJF Decatur, AL 1490 WAZY Lafayette. IN 1410 WBRD Bradenton, FL 1420
KXYL Brownwood, TX 1240 WAJL Winter Park, FL 1440 WBAA West Lafayette, IN 920 WBRE Wilkes- Barre, PA 1340
KXYZ Houston, TX 1320 WAJR Morgantown, WV 1440 WBAC Cleveland, TN 1340 WBRG Lynchburg, VA 1050
KYA San Francisco, CA 1260 WAKA Gainesville. FL 1390 WBAF Barnesville, GA 1090 WBRI Indianapolis, IN 1500
KYAC Seattle, WA 1250 WAKE Valparaiso, IN 1500 WBAL Baltimore, MD 1090 WBRJ Marietta, OH 910
KYAL McKinney-Plano, TX 1600 WAKI McMinnville, TN 1230 WBAM Montgomery, AL 740 WBRK Pittsfield, MA 1340
KYCA Prescott, AZ 1490 WAKK McComb, MS 1140 WBAP Ft. Worth, TX 820 WBRL Berlin, NH 1400
KYCN Wheatland, WY 1340 WAKN Aiken, SC 990 WBAR Bartow, FL 1460 WBRM Marion, NC 1250
KYDE Plne Bluff, AR 1590 WAKO Lawrenceville, IL 910 WBAS Crescent Clty, FL 1330 WBRN Big Rapids, MI 1460
KYES Roseburg, OR 950 WAKR Akron, OH 1590 WBAT Marion. IN 14 00 WBRT Bardstown, KY 1320
KYET Payette, ID 1450 WAKS Fuquay- Varina, NC 1460 WBAW Barnwell, SC 7 40 WBRO Waynesboro, GA 1310
KYFR Shenandoah, IA 920 WAKX Superior. WI 970 WBAX Wilkes- Barre, PA 12 40 WBRV Boonville. NY 900
KYJC Medford, OR 1230 WAKY Louisville. KY 790 WBBA Pittsfield, IL 15 80 WBRW Somerville, NJ 1170
KYLT Missoula, MT 1340 WALE Fall River, MA 1400 WBBB Burlington- Graham, WBRX Berwick, PA 1280
KYME Boise, ID 740 WALG Albany, GA 1590 NC 9 20 WBRY Woobury, TN 1540
KYMN Northfield, MN 1080 WALK Patchogue. NY 1370 WBBF Rochester, NY 9 50 WBSA Boaz, AL 1300
KYMO East Prairie, MO 1080 WALL Middletown, NY 1340 WBBG Cleveland, OH 12 60 WBSC Bennettsville, SC 1550
KYNG Coos Bay, OR 1420 WALM Albion, MI 1260 WBBI Abingdon, VA 12 30 WBSG Blackshear, GA 1350
KYNN Omaha. NE 1490 WALO Humacao. PP 1940 WRRK RI.k.I,. r:a inn ...,,., .c.. ucu,u,u, mn 1420

72 COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981


U.S. AM STATIONS BY CALL LETTERS
Call Location kHz Call Location kHz Call Location kHz Call Location kHz

WBSR Pensacola, FL 1450 WCLS Columbus, GA 1580 WDEA Ellsworth, ME 1370 NY 1590
WBT Charlotte, NC 1110 WCLT Newark, OH 1430 WDEB Jamestown, TN 1500 WEIC Charleston, IL 1270
WBTA Batavia, NY 1490 WCLU Covington. KY 1320 WDEC Americus, GA 1290 WEIF Moundsville, WV 1370
WBTC Uhrichsville, 0 1540 WCLW Mansfield, O 1140 WDEF Chattanooga, TN 1370 WEIM Fitchburg. MA 1280
WBTE Windsor. NC 990 WCMA Corinth. MS 1230 WDEH Sweetwater. TN 800 WEIR Weirton, WV 1430
WBTH Williamson, WV 1400 WCMB Harrisburg, PA 1460 WDEL Wilmington, DE 1150 WEIS Centre, AL 990
WBTM Danville. VA 1330 WCMC Wlldwood, NJ 1230 WDEN Macon, GA 1500 WEJL Scranton, PA 630
WBTN Bennington, VT 1370 WCMD Cumberland, MD 1230 WDEV Waterbury. VT 550 WEKG Jackson, KY 610
WBTO Linton, IN 1600 WCMI Ashland, KY 1340 WDGL Douglasvllle, GA 1520 WEKO Cabo Rojo, PR 930
WBTS Bridgeport, AL 1480 WCMN Arecibo. PR 1280 WOGS New Albany, IN 1290 WEKR Fayetteville, TN 1240
WBTX Broadway- Timberville. WCMP Pine City, MN 1350 WDGY Minneapolis, MN 1130 WEKY Richmond, KY 1340
VA 1470 WCMO Miami, FL 1220 WDIA Memphis. TN 1070 WEKZ Monroe, WI 1260
WBUC Buckhannon, WV 1460 WCMR Elkhart, IN 1270 WDIC Cllnchco. VA 1430 WELB Elba. AL 1350
WBUD Trenton. NJ 1260 WCMS Norfolk, VA 1050 WOIG Dothan. AL 1450 WELC Welch, WV 1150
WBUG Ridgeland, SC 1430 WCMT Martin. TN 1410 WDIS Ft. Walton Beach. FL 1260 WELD Fisher, WV 690
WBUK Portage, MI 1560 WCMY Ottawa, IL 1430 WDIX Orangeburg, SC 1150 WELE S. Daytona, FL 1590
WBUL Birmingham. AL 1220 WCNB Connersville, IN 1580 WDJD Jackson, MI 1510 WELT New Haven, CN 960
WBUT Butler. PA 1050 WCNC Elizabeth City, NC 1240 WDJS Mt, Olive. NC 1430 WELM Elmira, NY 1410
WBUX Doylestown, PA 1570 WCND Shelbyville, KY 940 WDJZ Bridgeport, CT 1530 WELO Tupelo. MS 580
WBUY Lexington. NC 1440 WCNH Quincy, FL 1230 WDKD Kingstree. SC 1310 WELP Easley. SC 1360
WBVD Beverly, MA 1570 WCNL Newport, NH 1010 WDKN Dickson, TN 1260 WELR Roanoke. AL 1360
WBVP Beaver Falls, PA 1230 WCNR Bloomsburg. PA 930 WDLA Walton, NY 1270 WELS Kinston, NC 1010
WBYA Laurel. MD 900 WCNS Latrobe, PA 1480 WDLB Marshfield, WI 1450 WELV Ellenvllle, NY 1370
WEVE Calera, AL 1370 WCNU Crestview, FL 1010 WDLC Port Jervis, NY 1490 WELW Willoughby, OK 1330
WBYS Canton. IL 1560 WCNW Fairfield, O 1560 WOLK Dadeville, AL 1450 WELX Xenia, OK 1110
WBZ Boston, MA 1030 WCNX Middletown, CT 1150 WDLR Delaware, OH 1550 WELY Ely, MN 1450
WBZA Glens Falls, NY 1410 WCOA Pensacola, FL 1370 WDLM E. Moline, IL 960 WELZ Belzoni. MS 1460
WBZB Selma, NC 1090 WCOC Meridian, MS 910 WDLP Panama City, FL 590 WEMB Erwin, TN 1420
WBZK York, SC 980 WCOG Greensboro, NC 1320 WDLS Dallas, GA 1500 WEMD Easton, MD 1460
WBZO Greenville, MS 1550 WCOH Newnan, GA 1400 WDLT Indianola, MS 1380 WEMJ Laconia. NH 1490
WBZY New Castle, PA 1140 WCOJ Coatesville, PA 1420 WDLV Plnehurst, NC 550 WEMP Milwaukee, WI 1250
WCAB Rutherlordton, NC 590 WCOK Sparta, NC 1060 WDME Dover- Foacroft, ME 1340 WENA Penuelas, PR 1330
WCAI Fort Myers, FL 1350 WCOL Columbus, OH 1230 WDMG Douglas, GA 860 WENC Whltevllle, NC 1220
WCAL Northfield. MN 770 WCON Cornelia, GA 1450 WDMJ Marquette. MI 1320 WEND Ebensburg, PA 1580
WCAO Baltimore MD 600 WCOR Lebanon. TN 900 WDMP Dodgeville, WI 810 WENE Endicott, NY 1430
WCAP Lowell, MA 980 WCOS Columbia, SC 1400 WDMV Pocomoke City, MD 540 WENG Englewood, FL 1530
WCAR Garden City. MI 1090 WCOU Lewiston. ME 1240 WDNC Durham, NC 620 WENK Union City, TN 1240
WCAS Cambridge. MA 740 WCOV Montgomery, AL 1170 WDNE Elkins, WV 1240 WENN Birmingham, AL 1320
WCAT Orange, MA 1390 WCOW Sparta, WI 1290 WDNG Anniston, AL 1450 WENO Chattahoochee, FL 1580
WCAU Philadelphia. PA 1210 WCOX Camden. AL 1540 WDNH Honesdale, PA 1590 WENR Englewood TN 1090
WCAW Charleston. WV 680 WCOY Columbia. PA 1580 WDNT Dayton. TN 1280 WENT Gloversville- Johnston, NY
WCAY Cayce, SC 620 WCPA Clearfield, PA 900 WDNY Dansvllle, NY 1600 1340
WCAZ Carthage, IL 990 WCPC Houston. MS 940 WDOC Prestonsburg, KY 1310 WENY Elmira, NY 1230
WCBA Corning, NY 1350 WCPH Etowah. TN 1220 WDOD Chattanooga, TN 1310 WENZ Highland Springs, VA 1450
WCBC Cumberland, MD 1270 WCPK Chesapeake, VA 1600 WDOE Dunkirk, NY 1410 WEOK Poughkeepsie, NY 1390
WCBG Chambersburg, PA 1590 WCPL Pageland, SC 1510 WDOG Allendale. SC 1450 WEOL Elyria, OH 930
WCBI Columbus, MS 550 WCPM Cumberland, KY 1280 WDON Wheaton. MD 1540 WEPA Eupora. MS 710
WCBK Martinsville, IN 1540 W CPO Havelock, NC 1330 WDOR Sturgeon Bay, WI 910 WEPG Pittsburgh. TN
S. 910
WCBL Benton. KY 1290 WCPR Cuerno, PR 1450 WOOS Oneonta, NY 730 WEPM Martinsburg, WV 1340
WCBM Baltimore, MD 680 WCPS Tarboro, NC 760 WDOV Dover, DE 1410 WEOC Kalkaska, MI 1420
WCBO Oxford. NC 1340 WCOL Pewaukee,W1 1370 WDOT Burlington, VT 1400 WEOO Whitley City, KY 1220
WCBR Richmond. KY 1110 WCRA Effingham. IL 1090 WDOW Dowaglac, MI 1440 WERA Plainfield, NJ 1590
WCBS New York, NY 880 WCRE Cheraw. SC 1420 WDON DuQuoin. IL 1580 WERC Birmingham, AL 960
WCBT Roanoke Rapids, NC 1230 WCRI Scottsboro, AL 1050 WDRC Hartford. CN 1360 WERD Jacksonville, FL 1400
WCBX Eden, NC 1130 WCRJ Jacksonville. FL 1530 WDSC Dillon. SC 800 WERE Cleveland, OH 1300
WCBY Cheboygan, MI 1240 WCRK Morristown. TN 1150 WDSG Dyersburg, TN 1450 WERH Hamilton, AL 970
WCCC Hartford. CT 1290 WCRL Oneonta, AL 1570 WDSL Mocksvllle, NC 1520 WERT Westerly, RI 1230
WCCD Athena, GA 1470 WCRO Johnstown, PA 1230 WDSM Superior, WI 710 WERK Muncie, IN 990
WCCF Punta Gorda. FL 1580 WCRS Greenwood, SC 1450 WDSR Lake City, FL 1340 WERL Eagle River, WI 950
WCCL Jacksoon, MS 1590 WCRT Birmingham, AL 1260 WDSU New Orleans. LA 1280 WERT Van Wert, OH 1220
WCCM Lawrence. MA 800 WCRV Washington, NJ 1580 WDTM Selma, TN 1130 WESA Charleroi, PA 940
WCCN Nellisvllle, WI 1370 WCRW Chicago. IL 1240 WDUN Gainesville, GA 1240 WESB Bradford, PA 1490
WCCO Minneapolis -St. Paul, WCSA Ripley, MA 1260 WDUR Durham, NC 1490 WESC Greenville, SC 660
MN 830 WCSC Charleston. SC 1390 WDUX Waupaca. WI 800 WESL E. St. Louis, IL 1490
WCCP Clemson, SC 1560 WCSH Portland, ME 970 WDUZ Green Bey. WI 1400 WESO Southbridge. MA 970
WCCW Traverse, City, MI 1310 WCSI Columbus. IN 1010 WDVA Danville, VA 1250 WESR Tasley, VA 1330
WCCY Houghton, MI 1400 WCSJ Morris, IL 1550 WDVH Gainesville, FL 980 WEST Easton. PA 1400
WCCZ New Smyrna Beach. FL 1550 WCSL Cherryville. NC 1590 WDVL Vineland, NJ 1270 WESX Salem, MA 1230
WCDJ Edenton, NC 1260 WCSM Celina, OH 1350 WDWD Dawson, GA 990 WESY Leland, MS 1580
WCDL Carbondale, PA 1440 WCSP Port Gibson. MS 1520 WOWS Champaign. IL 1400 WETB Johnson City, TN 790
WCDS Glasgow, KY 1440 WCSR Hillsdale, MI 1340 WDXB Chattanooga. TN 1490 WETC Wendell- Zebulon. NC 540
WCDT Winchester, TN 1340 WCSS Amsterdam, NY 1490 WDXE Lawrenceburg, TN 1370 WETO DeLand. FL 1490
WCEC Rocky Mount, NC 810 WCST Berkeley Springs, WV 1010 WDXI Jackson. TN 1310 WETT Ocean City, MD 1590
WCED DuBois, PA 1420 WCSV Crossville, TN 1490 WDXL Lexington, TN 1490 WETU Wetumpka, AL 1250
WCEH Hawkinsvllle. GA 610 WCSW Shell Lake. WI 940 WDXN Clarksville. TN 540 WETZ New Martlnsvulle, WV 1330
WCEM Cambridge. MD 1240 WCTA Alamo, TN 810 WDXR Puducah, KY 1560 WEUC Ponce. PR 1420
WCEN Mt. Pleasant, MI 1150 WCTC New Brunswick, NJ 1450 WDXY Sumter, SC 1240 WEUP Huntsville, AL 1600
WCER Charlotte, MI 1390 WCTM Eaton. OH 1130 WDYX Buford, GA 1460 WEVA Emporia, VA 860
WCFL Chicago. IL 1000 WCTN Potomac -Cabin John, WDZ Decatur, IL 1050 WEVD New York, NY 1330
WCFR Springfield, VT 1480 MD 950 WDZY Pine Castle -Sky Lake, WEVE Eveleth, MN 1340
WCGA Conyers, GA 1050 WCTR Chestertown. MD 1530 FL 1190 WEVR River Falls, WI 1550
WCGB Pastillo, PR 1050 WCTT Corbin, KY 680 WEAB Greer, SC 800 WEW St. Louis. MO 770
WCGC Belmont. NC 1270 WCTW New Castle, IN 1550 WEAC Gaffney, SC 1500 WEWO Laurinburg, NC 1080
WCGL Jacksonville, FL 1360 WCUB Manitowoe, WI 980 WEAG Alcoa. TN 1470 WESL Royal Oak,Ml 1340
WCGO Chicago Heights., IL 1600 WCUE Cuyahoga Falls. OH 1150 WEAL Greensboro. NC 1510 WEXM Jamesvllle, VA 1520e
WCGR Canandaigua, NY 1550 WCUG Cuthbert, GA 850 WEAM Arlington. VA 1390 WEXY Oakland Park. FL 1520
WCHA Chambersburg, PA 800 WCUZ Grand Rapids, MI 1230 WEAN Providence, RI 790 WEYE Sanford,NC 1290
WCHB Inkster. MI 1440 WCVA Culpeper, VA 1490 WEAO Eau Claire, WI 790 WEYY Talladega, GA 1580
WCHE West Chester, PA 1520 WCVC Tallahasee, FL 1330 WEAS Savannah, GA 900 WEYZ Erie, PA 1450
WCHI Chillicothe, OH 1350 WCVI Connellsvllle, PA 13d0 WEAT West Palm Beach, FL 850 WEZE Boston, MA 1260
WCHJ Brookhaven, MS 1470 WCVL Crawfordsville. IN 1550 WEAV Plattsburg, NY 960 WEZJ Wllliemsburgl, KY 1440
WCHK Canton, GA 1290 WCVP Murphy, NC 600 WEBB Baltimore, MD 1360 WEZO Winfield, AL 1300
WCHL Chapel Hill. NC 1360 WCVR Randolph, VT 1320 WEBC Duluth, MN 560 WFAA Dallas -Ft. Worth, TX 570
WCHN Norwich. NY 970 WCVS Springfield, IL 1450 WEBJ Brewton, AL 1240 WFAB Juncos, PR 1460
WCHO Washington Court House WCWA Toledo, OH 1230 WEBO Owego, NY 1440 WFAD Middlebury, VT 1490
OH 1250 WCWC Ripon, WI 1600 WEBO Harrisburg. IL 1240 WFAG Farmville, NC 1250
WCHO Camuy, PR 1360 WCWR Cocoa Beach, FL 1350 WEBR Buffalo, NY 970 WFAH Alliance, OH 1310
WCHS Charleston. WV 580 WCXI Detroit, MI 1130 WEBS Calhoun. GA 1110 WFAI Falyettevllle, NC 1230
WCHU Soddy Daisy. TN 1550 WCYN Cynthiana. KY 1400 WECK Cheektowaga, NY 1230 WFAN Washington, DC 1340
WCHV Charlottesville, VA 1260 WDAD Indiana. PA 1450 WECL Eau Claire, WI 1050 WFAR Farrell, PA 1470
WCID Juncos. PR 1460 WDAE Tampa, FL 1250 WECO Wartburg, TN 940 WFAS White Plains, NY 1230
WCIL Carbondale, IL 1020 WDAF Kansas City, MO 610 WECP Carthage, MS 1080 WFAU Augusta, ME 1340
WCIN Cincinnati, OH 1480 WDAK Columbus, GA 540 WEDC Chicago, IL 1240 WFAW Fort Atkinson, WI 940
WCIR Beckley. WV 1070 WDAL Meridian. MS 1330 WEDG Soddy. TN 1240 WFAX Falls Church, VA 420
WCIS Moss Point. MS 1460 WDAN Danville, IL 1490. WEDO McKeesport, PA 810 WFBA San Sebastian, PR 1460
WCIT Lima, OH 940 WDAR Darlington, SC 1350 WEEB Southern Pines, NC 990 WFBC Greenville, SC 1330
WCJU Columbia, MS 1450 WDAS Philadelphia, PA 1480 WEED Rocky Mount, NC 1390 WFBG,Altoona, PA 1290
WCJW Warsaw, NY 1140 WDAT Ormond Beach, FL 1380 WEEF Highland Park - WFBL Syracuse. NY 1390
WCJY Marinette,Wl 1300 WDAX McRae. GA 1410 Deertield,IL 1430 WFBM Noblesville, IN 1110
WCKB Dunn, NC 780 WOAY Fargo, ND 970 WEED Waynesboro, PA 1130 WFBR Baltimore, MD 1300
WCKC Milton, FL 1490 WDBC Escanaba, MI 680 WEEI Boston, MA 590 WFBS Spring Lake, NC 1450
WCKI Greer, SC 1300 WDBF Delray Beach, FL 1420 WEEL Fe1Aax, VA 1310 WFBZ Minocqua, WI 1570
WCKL Catskill, NY 560 WDBL Springfield, TN 1590 WEEN Lafayette, TN 1460 WFCG Frsnklinton, LA 1110
WCKM Winnsboro, SC 1250 WDBM Statesville, NC 550 WEEP Pittsburgh. PA 1080 WFCM Winston- Salem. NC 1550
WCKO Campbellsville. KY 1450 WDBO Orlando. FL 580 WEER Warenton, VA 1250 WFCV Fort Wayne, IN 1090
WCKY Cincinnati, OH 1530 WDBO Dubuque, IA 1490 WEET Richmond. VA 1320 WFDF Flint. MI 910
WCLA Claxton, GA 1470 WDC Davenport, IA 1420 WEEU Reading, PA 850 WFDR Manchester, GA 1370
WCLB Camilla, .A 1220 WDCF Dade City, FL 1350 WEEW Washington, NC 1320 WFEA Manchester, NH 1370
WCLC Jamestown, TN 1260 WDCI Gorham, ME 1590 WEEX Easton. PA 1230 WFEB Sylacauga, AL 1340
WCLD Cleveland, MS 1490 WOCR Hanover, NH 1340 WEGA Vega Baja, PR 1350 WFEC Harrisburg, PA 1400
WCLE Cleveland. TN 1570 WDDL Lancaster, PA 1490 WEGG Rose HIII. NC 710 WFEZ Meridian. MS 1390
WCLG Morgantown, WV 1300 WDDO Macon, GA 1240 WEGO Concord, NC 1410 WFFG Marathon, FL 1300
WCLI Corning, NY 1450 WDDT Greenville. MS 900 WEGP Presque Isles, ME 1390 WFFM Braddock, PA 1550
WCI N r:linrnn NC 1170 W11r1W .Inhnann City_ IL 810 WEHA Englewood. TN 1090 WFGL Fitchburg, MA 960
WCLO Jonesville. WI 1230 WDDY Gloucester. VA 1420 WEHR Elmira Heights- Horsehea ds, WFGN Gaffney, SC 1570 N

COMMUNICATIONS WORLD 1981 73


U.S. AM STATIONS BY CALL LETTERS
Call Location kHz Call Location kHz Call Location kHz. Call Location kHz

WFGS Mltlon, FL 1330 WGKR Perry, FL 1310 WHIO Dayton, OH 1290 WILL Urbana, IL 580
WFGW Black Mountains. NC 1010 WGL Fort Wayne. IN 1250 WHIP Mooresville, NC 1350 WILM Wilmington, DE 1450
WFHG Bristol, VA 980 WGLC Mendota, IL 1090 WHIR Danville, KY 1230 WILD Frankfort, IN 1570
WFHK Pell City, AL 1430 WGLD High Point, NC 1590 WHIS Bluefield, WV 1440 WILS Lansing, MI 1320
WFHR Wisconsin Rapids. WI 1320 WGLR Lancaster. WI 1280 WHIT New Bern, NC 1450 WILY Centralia, IL 1210
WFIA Louisville, KY 900 WGLI Babylon, NY 1290 WHIY Moulton, AL 1190 WIMA Lima, OH 1150
WFIC Collinsville. VA 1530 WGLX Gallon, OH 1570 WHIZ Zanesville, OH 1240 WIMG Ewing, NJ 1300
WFIF Milford, CN 1500 WGMF Watkins Glen, NY 1500 WHJB Greensburg, PA 620 WIMO Winder, GA 1300
WFIG Sumter, SC 1290 WGML Hinesville, GA 990 WHJC Matewan, WV 1360 WIMS Michigan City, IN
WFIL PMladelphia, PA 1420
560 WGMS Bethesda, MD 570 WHJJ Providence. RI 920 WINA Charlottesville, VA 1070
WFIN Findlay, OH 1330 WGN Chicago, IL 720 WHK Cleveland,OH 1420 WINC Winchester, VA 1400
WFIR Roanoke, VA 960 WGNB Indian Rocks Beach. FL 1520 WHKP Hendersonville, NC 1450 WINO Chicago, IL 560
WFIS Fountain Inn, SC 1600 WGNC Gastonia, NC 1450 WHKY Hickory, NC 1290 WINE Brookefleld, CT 940

3
WFIV Kissimmee, FL 1080 WGNE Panama City Beach, FL 1520 WHLB Virginia, MN 1400 WINF Manchester, CT 1230
WFIW Fairfield. IL 1390 WGNG Pawtucket, RI 550 WHLD Niagara Falls, NY 1270 WING Dayton, OH 1410
WFIX Huntsville, AL 1450 WGNI Wilmington. NC 1450 WHLF South Boston, VA 1400 WINH Georgetown, SC 1470
WFJT Inez, KY 1590 WONS Murfreesboro. TN 1450 WHLI Hempstead. NY 1100 WINI Murphysboro, IL
WFKN Franklin, KY 1420
1220 WGNT Huntington, WV 930 WHLL Wheeling, WV 1600 WINK Fort Myers, FL 1240
WFKY Frankfort, KY 1490 WGNU Granite City, IL 920 WHLM Bloomsburg, PA 550 WINN Louisville, KY 1240
WFLA Tampa, FL 970 WGNY Newburgh. NY 1220 WHLN Harlan, KY 1410 WINO Tampa, FL
WFLB Fayetteville, NC 1010
1490 WGOC Kingsport, TN 1090 WHLO Akron, OH 640 WINR Binghamton, NY 680
WFLI Lookout Mountain- WGOE Richmond, VA 1590 WHLP Centerville, TN 1570 WINS New York, NY 1010
Chattanooga, TN 1070 WGOG Wahalla, SC 1000 WHLS Port Huron, MI 1450 WINU Highland, IL
WFLN Philadelphia. PA 1510
900 WGOH Grayson, KY 1370 WHLT Huntington. IN 1300 WINW Canton, OK
WFLO Farmville, VA 1520
970 WGOK Mobile AL 900 WHLW Lakewood, NJ 1170 WINS Rockville, MD 1600
WFLB Dundee, NY 1570 WGOM Marion, IN 860 WHMA Anniston, AL 1390 WINY Putnam, CT
WFLS Fredericksburg, VA 1350
1350 WGOR Toledo, OH 1520 WHMI Howell, MI 1350 WINZ Miami, FL
WFLW Monticello, KY 940
1360 WGOS High Point, NC 1070 WHMP Northhampton, MA 1400 WIOD Miami, FL
WFMC Goldsboro. NC 610
730 WGOV Valdosta, GA 950 WHMT Humbolt, TN 1190 WIOI New Boston, OH
WFMD Frederick. MD 1010
930 WGOW Chattanooga, TN 1150 WHN New York, NY 1050 WION Ionia, MI
WFMH Cullman, AL 1430
1460 WGPA Bethlehem. PA 1100 WHNC Henderson, NC 890 WIOO Carlisle, PA
WFMJ Youngstown, OH 1390 1000
WGPC Albany, GA 1450 WHND Monroe, MI 560 WIOS Tawas City -East Tawas,
WFMO Fairmont, NC 860 WGR Buffalo. NY 550 WHNE Cumming, G