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Multiple-choice tests in

advanced mathematics
Multiple-choice tests in
advanced mathematics

C. Plumpton, Ph.D.
Moderator in Mathematics, University of London
School Examinations Department; formerly Reader in Engineering
Mathematics, Queen Mary College, University of London

E. Shipton, B.Sc.
Teacher-moderator in Advanced-level Mathematics,
University of London School Examinations Department
formerly Deputy Head, Owen's School,
Potters Bar

Macmillan Education
London and Basingstoke
A note on using this book
The rubrics for answering questions in the
various sections of the tests do not precede
each section as they would do in real
examination papers. Instead, in order to
conserve space in the book, a pull-out section
with rubrics printed on it is included at the end.
When the book is being used the pull-out can
be kept extended and the rubrics read by the
student as needed as he works through the
tests.
This is a practical if unusual approach and
one that saves considerable repetition and
wasted space in the main body of the book.

C. Plumpton and E. Shipton 1983

All rights reserved. No part of this publication


may be reproduced or transmitted, in any form or
by any means, without permission.

First published 1983


Published by
Macmillan Education Limited
Houndmills Basingstoke Hampshire RG21 2XS
and London
Associated companies throughout the world

ISBN 978-0-333-34632-7 ISBN 978-1-349-06638-4 (eBook)


DOI 10.1007/978-1-349-06638-4
Preface critical eye and they feel that this experience
has enabled them to set well-balanced papers
with questions carefully graded for degree of
difficulty.
Tests 1-8 contain only questions on 'pure'
mathematics and are intended for students
entered for an examination with a
For some years, multiple-choice questions
'common-core' element. Tests 9-12 on Further
have been used in some GCE A-level
Mathematics, containing both pure and applied
examinations in mathematics. There is,
items, and Tests 13 and 14, containing applied
therefore, a great need for specimen questions
items only, are intended for more advanced
and papers of this type for use in mock
students and contain some more difficult
examinations and the general preparation of
questions. Nevertheless, a time limit of one
A-level students, in addition to the past papers
hour should be allowed for each test.
of the GCE boards, where these are available.
The general philosophy, jargon, etc. of
Further, the acceptance by the GCE boards of
multiple-choice questions is discussed in the
'common-core' based syllabuses in unified
introduction to the 0-level book, Multiple
'modern-traditional' mathematics at A-level,
Choice Mathematics by C. Plumpton
and the use of 'no-choice' examination papers
(Macmillan Education, 1981), and will not be
implies that students ought to cover the new
repeated here. The simple multiple-choice and
syllabus completely. No longer can some
multiple-completion item types of the 0-level
topics be conveniently ignored, particularly as
book occur here also, but in Tests 9-14 of this
university departments in pure and applied
book additional item types are introduced.
science are tending to assume a thorough
These are relationship analysis (Section Ill),
knowledge of the 'common-core' syllabus
data necessity (Section IV) and data sufficiency
allied to a sound competence in manipulative
(Section V) items. These items enable coverage
skills.
of topics which are difficult or unfair to
This book is particularly aimed at students
examine by longer structured questions.
preparing for the new A-level Syllabus B .
Indeed, these more sophisticated item types
subjects, Mathematics, Further Mathematics,
are a far better test of mathematical
Pure Mathematics, Applied Mathematics, and
understanding than some longer questions in
Pure Mathematics with Statistics first
which candidates may be applying a method or
examined by the London GCE Board in June
technique which they have learnt but have not
1982, but should be of great value to students
properly understood. Section Ill (relationship
taking the A-level examinations of other
analysis) tests insight into the relationship
boards, particularly those which include a
between mathematical statements in a way
multiple-choice element.
which is not covered by any other type of
There is a further use for the question papers
question. Both the Section IV (data necessity)
in this book. Multiple-choice papers are
and Section V (data sufficiency) items enable
designed to give a good coverage of the
the candidate to show ability in analysing a
syllabus. It is felt, therefore, that, whether or
question without the 'slog' of working it out.
not multiple-choice papers form part of an
They also provide some training in such
examination, a student preparing for any GCE
considerations as the dimensions of an answer,
A-level examination in mathematics or any
thus helping candidates to avoid some of the
future examination at this level, particularly
grosser errors met with in answers to
one based on a unified approach, would find it
conventional Applied Mathematics questions.
helpful to use these papers as revision
If candidates are given these papers to work
exercises, noting the questions which prove
through on a regular basis during the second
difficult and thus reinforcing the need to revise
year of their course, it will be found t~att.his
particular areas of the syllabus.
provides invaluable revision work as 1t will
Many of the questions in this book have been
keep all the syllabus topics constantly under
pretested at Owen's School by a grou~ of .
review. It is, indeed, hoped that each question
pupils entered for the June 1982 examination.
paper in this book can be used as a specimen
This is, of course, very limited pretesting but,
paper in relation to the multiple-choice papers
on the other hand, both authors have been
of the London A level Mathematics Syllabus B
involved in the setting and moderation of
examination.
A-level multiple-choice questions from the time
when this type of paper was first introduced by
the London Board. This means that they hav~ C. Plumpton
looked at literally hundreds of questions with a E. Shipton
Test 1
Time allowed: 1 hour

SECTION I

Questions 1-20 (Twenty questions)

1. etln x = 4. The complete solution set of the inequality


x2 + 2x - 15 < 0,
A ln(x2 ) where x e R, is

B ln(v'x) A {x: x > - 5}

c x2 B {x: -5 < x < 3}

D ix c {x: x > 3}

E v'x D {x: -3 < x < 5}

E {x: x < -5} U {x: x > 3}

2. ! (x Vxl) =
5. Jtan x dx =
A 2v'x
A In cos x + constant
x + 1
B sec2x + constant
xv'x B

c 3x - 1 c In sec x + constant
2v'x
D In cosec x + constant
x + 1
D
2xv'x E In sin x + constant
3x - 1
E
2xv'x n
6. L ,2 =
r=l
3. cos ('IT + 0) ~
A n(n + 1)/2
A - cos 0
B n 2(n + 1)2/4
B cos 0
c n(n + l)(n + 2)/3
c sin 0
D n(n + 1)(2n + 1)/3
D - sin 0
E n(n + 1)(2n + 1)/6
E -l+cos0

1
7. z 2 +1= 10. Given that x = a is an approximation to a root
of the equation f(x) = 0, then, in general, a
A (z + l)(z - 1) closer approximation is given by

B (z + 1)2 f(a)
A x =a+ f'(a)

C (z + i) 2
f'(a)
B x=a+--
D (z + i)(z - i) f(a)

f(a)
E none of the above c x =a - f'(a)

f'(a)
8. The first two terms in the binomial expansion D x =a- f'(a)
1 2
of 3x _ 2 , where lxl < 3 , in ascending
f'(a)
E x =a - f(a)
powers of x are

1 3x 11. u = 4i - 3j, v = - 6i + 3j.


A --y. -4
u. v =
1 3x
B -- +-
2 ' 4 A - 2i

1 3x
c -
2 ' 4
B - 24i - 9j

1 2x c -3
D 3+9
D - 33
1 2
E
3x' + 9x 2 E 30

9. 5(1,2) 12. Which one of the following can be seen, BY


INSPECTION, NOT to be a factor of
6x 4 - 5x 3 - 53x2 + 45x - 9 ?
R
A 2x - 1

B x - 3

0(1,-1) c x +3
D 3x - 1
PQRS is a parallelogram. The coordinates of R
are E 4x - 3

A (3, 1)

B (4, 1)

c (4, 2)

D (3, 2)

E (2, 1)

2
16. sin 9 + v'3 cos 9 = r cos (9 + a),
where r > 0 and - ,,./2 ~ a ~ ,,./2.
2 1
A x-3-x+2 A r = 2, a= ,,./6

1 B r = 2, a= 11'/3
x-3
c r = 2, a= - 11'/3
c 9 4
S(x - 2) S(x + 3) D r = 2, a= - 11'16

D 4 9 E r = 4, a= - 11'16
5(x - 2) 5(x + 3)
E 1 2 17.
y
x+2+x-3

14. G iven
. t hat cos2x = 25
16 , wh ere x E R an d
,,. ~ x ~ 211', then the possible value(s) of sin x
is (are)
y = sin x cos x
3
A 5 only

3 x
B - -only
5
The area, in square units, of the shaded region
is
c _1__
5
1
A
3 2
D - -only
4
1
B
4
E _1__
4
c 1
15. Given that x = t 2 , y = t 3 , then D ,,./2
dx
dy =
1
E
1 8
A

2
B 3t 18. The roots of the equation x 2 - 4x + 7 = 0 are
a and 13. An equation whose roots are
a/13 and 13/a is
c 3t
2
A 7x2 - 2x - 7 =0
D 2t
3 B 7x2 + 2x + 7 = 0

3 C 7x 2 - 2x +7 =0
E 2t
D 7x2 - 30x + 7 = 0

E none of the above

3
19. Which one of the following is an odd function 20. Given that
of x? lg(y + 2) + 2lg x = 1,
then y =
A f: x ~ lxl 3
B f: x ~ sin 2x

C f : x ~ (1 - x) 5 B _1___2
x

E f :x ~ - sin 2x
c 10 - 2
x2

D ~ -2

E 8 - x2

SECTION II

Questions 21-30 (Ten Questions)

21. Given that tan(x/2) = t, then 2-i


24 z = 1 + 2i .

1
1-
= -1--2
,2
cosx
+t 1 lzl = 1
. 2t 2 zz* = 1
2 smx = -1 - - 2
- t
3 z + z* =0
dx 2
3
dt 1- ,2 25. f(x) = x 3 + 3x - 5.

1 The equation f(x) = 0 has just one real


22. l is the line with equation 4x - 3y = 5. root

1 The gradient of I is -4/3 2 The equation f(x) = 0 has a root in the


interval [l, 2]
2 l touches the circle x 2 + y 2 = 1
3 The curve y = f(x) has just one asymptote
3 The area of the finite region enclosed by l
and the coordinate axes is 25/24 units 2
26. p, q, r are 3 positive unequal integers in
geometric progression.
23. The circle x 2 + y 2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0 has
centre ( - 2, 4) and radius 6. 1 pr= q 2

1 g =- 2 2 V (rip) is the common ratio of the progres-


sion
2 f =4
3 ln p, In q and In rare numbers in arithmetic
3 c =- 16 progression

4
27. 3x = 172. 29. f and g are functions of x defined for x E R.
It is necessarily true that
1 x = log 3 172
1 f-1 = _1_
f
2 516=3l+x
2
3 344 = 32x

28. Which of the following relations will give a


straight line when - 1- is plotted against y?
x 30. The plane x - 2y - 4z = 3

1 xy + 3x = 2 1 passes through the point ( - 1, 1, - 1)

2 x +y = 2xy 2 meets the x-axis at the point (3, 0, 0)

2 3 is perpendicular to the line


3 -+ y = 3x
x x = t - 2, y = 4 - 2t, z = 7 - 4t

5
Test 2
Time allowed: 1 hour

SECTION I

Questions 1-20 (Twenty questions)

1. Given that 4~ = s 10 -x, then x = 4. Given that tan 0 = 1, then sin 20 =


21
A - 30 A
1 - 12
B 30 1 - 12
B
c 20
1+7
1 + t2
D - 20 c 1 - t2
E - 10
D 21
t2 - 1
2. Which one of the following is an even function
2t
of x?
E 1 + t2
A f:xHsinx
S. Given that 0 < 0 < 7r/2, then the principal
value of the argument of the complex number
B f:xHtanx
cos 0 - i sin 0 is
C f : X H (1 - x) 2
A 0

B -0
E f: x H sin 2x
c 'IT-0

3. y = x(3 + x2)7
dy
-= E 0-11'
dx

A 14x(3 + x2) 6
6. The coefficient of x 3 in the expansion in
B 14x2 (3 + x2) 6 ascending powers of x of (1 + x) 112 is,
for lxl < 1,
C (3 + 15x2) (3 + x 2) 6
1
A
D (x 2 + 7x + 3) (3 + x2) 6 16

E (x2 + l4x + 3) (3 + x2) 6 1


B
16

5
c 16

5
D
16

1
E
8

6
7. J 21
3 + 2x dx
-1 =
11. The general solution of the differential equa-
tion
dy y
dx =~
A ln 7 is, P being an arbitrary constant,

B ! ln 7 A x2 - y2 = p

C 2 ln 7 B y = Pex

D ! ln (7/5) 1 1
c x2-y2=P
2
E 2 - 72
D y = Px

8. The roots of a quadratic equation in x are a E xy = P


and ~- The substitution x = 2y + 3 gives a
quadratic equation in y whose roots are

A (2a + 3) and (2~ + 3) 12. i (- t)' =


r=O
B (2a - 3) and (2~ - 3)
5
A
C !(a - 3) and!(~ - 3) 3

5
D !(a + 3) and!(~ + 3) B
7
E (a - 3) and (~ - 3)
5
c 7
~ ~
9. OP = 2i - 2j + k, PQ = 2i + 2j - k, 5
D
~ 3
IOQI
2
A 2 \! 5 E
7

B 3 \! 2
13. Given that f : x ~ ln ( 1 + x) for x e JR, x > - 1,
c 6 then C 1 : x~
D 9 1
A
ln(l + x)
E 4

B - ln(l + x)
10. The complete set of values of x for which c e<x-1)
x 2 + 5x + 6 > 0,
where x e JR, is

A JR E e<t+x)

B {x : x < 1} U {x : x > 6}

C {x : - 2 <x< 3}

D {x: 1 < x < 6}

E {x : x < - 3} U { x : x > - 2}

7
14. y 16 In 40 =
. In 8

A In 5

B In 32

C In40-In8

D l+In(+)
0 -rr/2 x
E none of the above
The area, in square units, of the shaded region
is
17. The number of roots, which lie in the range
'IT 0 ~ 0 ~ 2-rr, of the equation 4 sin 0 = sin 20, is
A
4
A 0
1
B B 2
2

c 3
c ---
'IT
4
1
2
D 4
D 1
E more than 4
'IT
E -
2
18. Given that the expression (x 3 + ax2 + b) has
factors (x - 1) and (x + 2), then

A a= 7/3, b=-413
15. The gradient of the tangent to the curve
~ = (x - 2)/(x - 1) at the point where x = 3 B a= 4/3, b = - 7/3
lS
C a =- 7/3, b = 4/3
1
A
4 D a= 3, b = - 4

1 E a= - 3, b=4
B
4

3 19. Z1 = 2 - i, Z2 = 3 + 4i.
c 4

1
1~:1 2 =
D
2 A VS

E
3 B 5
125
4
c -
9

D (2 +5llir
E (10; Sir

8
20. Which one of the following could be the graph
of In lxl?

D y
A y

0 x

B y E

0 x

SECTION II

Questions 21-30 (Ten questions)

1
21. In an arithmetic series of 9 terms, the first term 22 (x + l)(x + 2)(x + 3) -
is 5 and the last term is 23.
~p-+~+~R-.
1 The common difference is 2 x+l x+2 x+3

2 The fifth term is 13 1 P=!


3 The sum of the series is 126 2 Q= - 1

3 R =+

9
23. f(x) = esin x. 28.
p

1 f(O) =1
2 f'(O) = 1

3 f'(O) =1
Q--~~~~~~~~~~~R
p
24. Which of the points with the given coordinates
lie(s) outside the circle
(x - 7) 2 + (y - 3) 2 = 25? Area of triangle PQR is A.

1 (0, 0) . p p sin Q
1 sm =~~~

q
2 (4, 7)
2 . P
sm A
3 (3, 5) =~
qr

3 cos p = P2 - q2 - r2
25. The parametric equations of a curve are x = t, 2qr
y = llt 2

1 The curve is symmetrical about the x-axis 29. The vertices P, Q, R, S of the quadrilateral
PQRS have coordinates (-1, -2), (3, 1),
2 The curve has just one asymptote (6, -3), (2, -6) respectively.

3 The curve has no points of inflexion 1


~
QS = - i - 7j

2 PR and QS are perpendicular


26. x = sec t, y = tan t. ~
~
3 PQ. PS= - 24

2 dy = cosec t 30. The equation x3 - 3x2 - 2x + 3 = Ohas a root


dx

1 between 0 and 1
3
2 between -1 and - 2

27. Z1 =- i, Z2 =1- i. 3 between 0 and - 1

1 z =1- i
2
Z1

3 arg (z 1z2 ) = - 37T/4

10
TEST 3
Time allowed: 1 hour

SECTION I

Questions 1-20 (Twenty Questions)

4. The number of arrangements which can be


made using all the letters of the word
RAPIDS, if the vowels are never separated, is

A 30
B ecos x sin x
B 60
c - e 00s x sin x
c 120
D esin x
D 240
E esin x cos x
E 720

2. The gradient of the straight line with equation


ax + by = c, where a and bare non zero, is

A alb
x + x3
A +constant
B -alb x

c bla B -2
1
+ 3 + constant
x
D -bla
C x 3 + In x + constant
E c
D 3 + In x + constant

n 3
3. L (2r - 1) = E z-x2 + In x + constant
r=l

A nz 6. The principal value of the argument of the


complex number - 1 - i V3 is
B n2 - 1
2'1T
c n2 + n - 1 A
3
D n2 + 2n
B
E n2 + n

'1T
E
3

11
7. The complete solution set of the inequality 11. The arithmetic mean of a and 13 is 45 and their
x 2 + 4x + 5 > 0, geometric mean is 2. A quadratic equation
where x ~ B, is whose roots are a and 13 is

A 2x2 - 9x + 4 = 0

B {x: x > 5} B x 2 + 9x + 4 = 0

C {x : - 1 < x < 5} C 2x2 + 9x + 4 = 0

D {x: x > 5} U {x: x < - 1} D x2 - 9x +4= 0

E R E x2 + 9x - 4 = 0

8. : + y cosx = 0 andy = 1 whenx = -rr/2. Then


y'3)
12 . cos -1 ( - T - . -1 ( - T
sm y'3) =

y= A - 5-rr/6
A e<1+cos x)
B - -rr/2
e(l-sin x)
B
c - -rr/6
c e(-l+sin x)
D -rr/2
e(l-cos x)
D
e-sin x
E
13. The tangent of the acute angle between the
lines 3x - y + 4 = 0 and x - 2y + 5 = 0 is

A 1
A 2 +cos 26
7
B 3 - 2 cos 26 B
5
c 2 - cos 26
c - 1
D 2 cos 26 - 1
D 5
E none of the above
E -7

10. Which one of the following functions is odd 14. Given that the real root of the equation
and of period 2?
x 3 - 6x2 + l5x - 13 = 0
A sin (-rrx/2) lies in the interval [n, n + 1] where
n e :Z, then n =
B sin (-rrx)
A -2
C cos (-rrx)
B -1
x sin (-rrx)
D
c 0
E sin (-rrx) + cos(-rrx) D 1

E 2

12
15. Given that 18. The point P in the Argand diagram represents
In x = p, In y = q, In z = r, the complex number 4 + 3i. The tangent of the
where x, y, z e R+, then angle made by 0 P with the imaginary axis is

3
A
4
ap + bq
A 4
er B
3
B pa+ qb - re
3
c 5
abpq
c er 4
D
paqb 5
D Cr
5
E
4
E ap + bq - er

19. Given that


16. The value(s) of p for which the vectors x3 - ax2 + bx - c = (x - 1) 2 (x + 1),
(pi + 2j - 3pk) and (pi + k) are perpendicular then
is (are)
A a= 1, b = - 1, c= - 1
A 0 only
B a= - 1, b = 1, c= 1
B 3 only
C a= 1, b =- 1, c =1
C 0 and 3
D a = 3, b = 3, c=1
D 1 and 2
E none of the above
E 1 only

20. The general solution of the differential equa-


17. y = sin- 1(3x). tion
dy dy .
dx = dx.cosx=ysmx

is, P being an arbitrary constant,


3 cos(3x)
A
sin2 (3x)
A ycosx=P
B 3 cos- 1(3x)
B ysecx=P
1
c v(l - 9x2 )
C y sin x = P

D y=Pcosx
3
D
v(l - 9x 2 ) E Y =p esecx
2

1
E

13
SECTION II

Questions 21-30 (Ten questions)

21. z and z* are conjugate complex numbers.

1 In the Argand diagram z* is the reflection


of z in the real axis

25. P, Q and R lie on the semi-circle with centre 0


22. f(x) = x 2 + 2x + 5, x E IA.. and radius 4 cm.
1 f(x) > 0
1 The ratio of the lengths of the arcs PQ and
QR is 1 : 5
2 The line y = 4 is a tangent to the curve
y = f(x)
2 The area of the triangle OPQ is 4 cm 2
3 The maximum value of f(x) is 4
3 The area of the sector OPQ is 8'lT/3 cm2

23. The straight line


26. f: X ~ 5 - 2x, g: X ~ x2/2, XE IA..
r = (3i - j + 2k) + t(5i + 2j - 4k),
where t is a parameter, 1 f -1 . X l
,..,.5-2x'
c__,. X E IA. ' X * 5/2
1 passes through the point ""ith position
vector (- 2i - 3j + 6k) 2 fg : X ~ (5 - 2x) 2/2, X E IA.

2 is parallel to the vector (3i - j + 2k) 3 ff : X ~ 4x - 5, X E IA.


3 is perpendicular to the vector (i - j - 2k)
27. The equation x 3 - 5x2 + 7x - 2 = 0
24. Given that 1 has a root 2
3x 2 - x = _P_ + Qx + R
(x + l)(x2 + 3) - x + 1 x2 + 3 2 has a root lying in the interval (0, 1)
where P, Q, R are constants, then 3 has a root lying in the interval (-1, 0)
1 p = - 1
28. Given that y = ax", where a, n are positive
2 Q= 2 constants and n '4= l, then a straight line graph
is obtained by plotting
3 R = - 3
1 log y against log x

2 log (y/x) against log x

3 y against x'1

14
29. f(x) = f(2a - x), where a is a positive constant. 30. The curve y = xl(x + 2) has
1 f(x) is a periodic function 1 only one asymptote

2 f(x) is an even function 2 no stationary points

3 J2a f(x)dx =
0
2 f
0
f(x)dx 3 no inflexions

15
Test 4
Time allowed: 1 hour

SECTION I

Questions 1-20 (Twenty questions)

1. pxq2x =?,where p, q, r E JR+. 4. Given that a and 13 are the roots of the
x= equation
px2 + qx + r = 0,
3 ln r where pqr 4= 0, then
A
ln p + 2 ln q
1 1
-
a213+a132
-- -
ln r
B
lnp+lnq
pq
A 7
1
c 3 (3 ln r - ln p - 2 ln q)
B
3 ln r
D
2 ln (pq)
C q2 - 2pr
,2
r
E
(pq2)1/3
D q2 + 2pr
,2
3 - 2i
2. z = 2 - 3i .
E _ _!L
lz*I = r

A 13 5. Given that f(x) = ex3 , x E JR+' then


C 1(x) =
B \/13

2
c 3 B evx'

3
D C (ln x) 113
2
1
E 1 D 3lnx

3. The first 3 terms of the expansion of E ln(x 113 )


(1 - 2x)- 112 in ascending powers of x are

6. y = x2cos x.
A 1, + X, -tx2 dy =
dx

B 1, - x, -! x2 A 2x cos x

B - x 2 sin x
c 1, + x, - l x2
c x 2cos x - 2x sin x
D 1, + x, + tx2 D 2x cos x + x 2 sin x

E 1, - x, + fx 2 E 2x cos x - x 2 sin x

16
7. R 10. The complete set of values of x for which
15x2 =s:: 12 - llx,
where x e R, is

A {x : x :s:: - 4-}U{x : x ~ -H
o
B {x : x =s:: - -t}U{x : x ~ 4-}
PQR is a straight line and PQ = 2QR.
---+ ---+
OQ = 3i - 2j, OR = i + 3j.
---+
C {x : - + =s:: x =s:: -t}
OP=
D {x : - -t :s;: x :s;: 4-}
A - i + 8j

B 7i - 12j
E {x: -t :s;: x :s;: 4-}
c 4i - lOj

D - 4i + lOj 11. The lengths of the sides of a triangle are in the


ratios 6 : 5 : 4. Then the cosine of the largest
E - 7i + 12j angle of the triangle is

3
A
4
s. f v(9 ~ 4x2) dx =
B
1
8
A . 1(3X)
31 sm- 2 + constant
c 1

B +1 sin- (~) +constant


D
8

9
16
c 21 .
sm _ 1(3x)
2 + constant
3
E
4
D 21 .
sm -1 (2x)
3 + constant

E sin- 1(~) + constant 12. Given that 3 is an approximation to the real


root of the equation f(x) = 0, where
f(x) == x3 - x2 - 19,
9. The point (- 1, 3) is at one end of a diameter the next approximation obtained by the
of the circle whose equation is Newton-Raphson process is
(x - 3)2 + y 2 = 25.
The coordinates of the other end of this dia- A 2-t
meter are

A (7, - 3) B 3-t

B (7, 3)
c 3-fo--
c (9, 3)

D (6, - 3) D 2--lo-

E (1, - 3) E none of the above

17
i47 17. A solution of the differential equation
13. -:z9 =
l
dy = 2xy + 2x
dx
A -1
is
B 1
x2
A e
c -1

B ex2 - 1
D
c ex2 +1

D 2ex2 + 2

14. Given that (x + 1) and (x - 2) are both factors E xex2


of (x 3 + ax 2 - 5x + b), where a and b are
constants, then

A a= - 1, b = 5 18.

B a= 1, b = - 5 y

C a= - 2, b = 10
y = X"
D a= 2, b = - 6

E a= - 2, b = 6

15. The sum to infinity of the geometric series


0 x
+-(+)3+(+)5- ...
(1,0)

is
The volume, in cubic units, of the solid
3 generated when the shaded region is rotated
A
10 completely about Oy is
3
B
8 A -rr/9
1
c -
2 B -rr/3
9 c
D 2-rr/3
10
1 D -rr/15
E -
4
E 8-rr/9

16. Which one of the following curves does not


have a point of inflexion at x = O? 19. 2 cos 20 cos 40 =
A y =sin x A cos 20 - cos 60

B y =tan x B cos 20 + cos 60

c y = x4 c cos 60 - cos 20

D y = x3 D sin 60 - sin 20

E y=x3 -x E sin 60 + sin 20

18
20. In which one of the labelled regions does the
point with coordinates (4, 3) lie?

A p

B Q

C R

D S
E T

2x-y -6 0

SECTION II

Questions 21-30 (Ten questions)

21. The curve y = x3 - 3x +1 23. le= f Tr/2


cos 2x dx, ls =
f Tr/2
sin 2x dx.
0 0
1 has one maximum point and one minimum
1 le= ls
point

T
'lT
2 cuts the x-axis in 3 distinct points 2 le+ ls=

3 has no point of inflexion


3 LTr sin2x dx = 2le
0
22. u and v are functions of x.

d dv du 24 f( ) = (x + 3)(x - 2)
1 - (uv) = u- + v -
dx dx dx x (x + 4)

dv du
u--v- 1 f(x) = x - 3 + -6-
x +4
2 !(~)= dx vi dx
2 f(x) < 0 when - 3 < x < 2

3 IUV dx = uIv dx - Iv ~ dx 3 The equation f(x) = 0 has roots - 4, - 3


and 2

19
25. z = (cos 0 + i sin 0)/(cos <I> - i sin<!>), where 29. A
0 < 0 < 7T/4, 0 < <I> < 7T/4.

I arg z = (0 - <I>)

2 Im z = sin(0 - <!>)

3 lzl = 1
a
26. The curve represented by the parametric
For the triangle ABC,
equations
x = _E_, y = at 2 , where a> 0, I a2 + c2 - b2 = 2ac cos B
t
I is a parabola 2 the area of the triangle is i be cos A
2 is symmetrical about Oy 3 a sin A = b sin B

3 has an asymptote y = 0

30. Given that x, y E JR and x > y, which of the


27. The sum of the first n terms of a sequence is following inequalities must necessarily be true?
nl(n 2 + 1).
I x2 >y2
I The first term is i 1 1
2 -<-
x y
2 As n tends to infinity, the nth term of the
sequence tends to zero
3 x3 > y3
3 All the terms after the first are negative

~ -- - 2'
28 . Sln .... 1- sin 2~
.... = - \/2
3

\/3
I cos a= 2

1
2 cos2a=z-

1
3 cos4a=--
2

20
TEST 5
Time allowed: 1 hour

SECTION I

Questions 1-20 (Twenty questions)

1. The period of the function f, where 4. The complete set of the real values of k for
which the equation
f :x ~ 2 sin ( ~ - ; ), XE JR, x 2 +kx+2k=O
has real distinct roots is
is
A {k: k > 8}
A 11'
B {k: k < O}
B 11'13
c {k: 0 ~ k ~ 8}
c 311'
D {k : k ~ O}U{k : k ~ 8}
D 611'
E {k : k < O}U{k : k > 8}
E 1111'/2

2. The unit vector in the direction of (a - b),


f 112 1
5. -112 (1 - x)2 dx =
where
a = (3i - 5j - 2k), b = (2i - 3j - 4k), 4
A
is 3

A i-2j+2k 4
B
3
B _l_ (Si - 2j - 6k)
V65 c 1

D In 3
c Hi - 2j + 2k)
E - In 3

D -t.(i - 2j + 2k)
6. The gradient of that diameter of the circle
x 2 + y2 + 6x - By = 0
E H -i + 2j - 2k) which is perpendicular to the line joining the
centre of the circle to the origin is
3. Given that x = t - sin t, y = 1 - cos t, then
4
dy -
A
3
dx -
3
A tan(t/2) B
4

B cot(t/2) 4
c 3
c - cot(t/2)
5
1 - sin t D
D 4
1-cost
3
E - tan(t/2) E
4

21
7. Given that 9. Given that x ER, y ER,
f: x ~ 2x,
g:x~3x-4,
e>'dy = e-x
dx
for x e R, then
f-lg-1: x ~ and y = 0 when x = 0, then, when x = - 1,

1 A y = 1
A
2x(3x - 4)
B y =- ln(e - 2)
x+4
--
B
6 c y= - 1

x+8 D y=l+ln2
c 6
E y cannot be found
1
D
6x - 8
10. Given that
3x - 4
E 1+ i i
2
x
= y + i'
where x, y E R, then
8.
y = tan x
y A x = 0, y = 1

B x = 0, y =- 1

c x = 2, y = 1

D x = - 2, y = 1

E there is insufficient information for x and y


to be found.

0 7r/4 x
11. The number of ways in which n books can be
chosen from (m + n) different books is

The area, in square units, of the shaded region


(m + n)!
A
is n!

A 1 B (m + n)! - m!

B ln 2 C (m + n)! - n!

C - In 2 D (m + n)!
m!

D i In 2 (m + n)!
E
m!n!
E - i ln2

22
12. The coefficient of x 2 in the binomial expansion 16. The general solution of the differential
of (1 - x) 5 is equation

A - 15
dy 2(y + 1)
dx = x
B - 10 is, N being a constant,

c + 10
D + 15 B y = Nx 2 - 1

E + 20 c y = N(x 2 - 1)
00

e-r D y = x 2 + Nx
13. L
r=l
E y = Nx2 - 2x
1
A =--
e- 1
17. Given that x = cos 2t, y = tan t, then,
e when t = 1T/4,
B ---
e - 1

c - e-+1-1
A 2
e
D --- B -2
e+1

E does not converge


c 4

D -4
14. The roots of the equation 2x2 + 7x + 3 = 0 are
a and~ An equation whose roots are 2a + ~ E - i
and a+ 2~ is

A 2y 2 + 21y + 52 = 0 18.
y
B 2y 2 - 21y + 52 = 0
c 2y 2 - 21y - 52 =0
D 2y 2 + 21y - 52 = 0 x

E 2y 2 + 21y - 48 =0

15. The complete set of values of x for which The equation of the curve shown could be
Ix - 21 < 12xl ,
where x E R, is

A {x: x > - 2} B y = x e-x

x
B {x: i <x< 2} c y=
1 + x2
C {x : x < - 2}U{x : i <x< 2}
x2
D {x : x < - 2}U{x : x > i}
D Y = 1 + x4

E {x : x < - i}U{x : x > 2} sin x


E y=--
x

23
19. The number of solutions, which lie in the range 20. (2i + 3j + k).(i - 4j + k) =
0 ~ x ~ 211', of the equation
2 sin2x + 7 sin x + 6 = 0, A 2i - 12j + k
where x E JR, is
B 9
A 0
c - 9
B 1
D 9i
c 2
E - 9i
D 4

E none of the above

SECTION II

Questions 21-30 (Ten questions)

21. z = x + iy, where x, y E JR and xy * 0. 24. Which of the following are (is a) geometric
series?
1 z z* is real
1 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2r + 1) + ...
2 z + z* is real
2 1+4+9+ ... +r2+ ...
z*
3 - is real
z 1 1 1 1
3 4 + M + 64 + ... + 22' + ...

22. To prove that the curve y = f(x) has a point of


inflexion at x = a it is sufficient to show that
J f(x)dx
b b
25. = P, f g(x)dx = Q .
1 f'(a) =0 a a

J [f(x) -
b
2 f"(a) =0 1 g(x)]dx = P - Q
a
3 f'(a - h) and f'(a h), where h is small,
J ([f(x)]
+ b
are of like sign 2 2 - [g(x)]2) dx = p 2 - Q2
a

23. The points P and Q have position vectors p and


q respectively.
3 f
a
b f(x) dx = _!__
g(x) Q

1 The mid-point of PQ has position vector 26.


!(p + q)
1 d22 (e -2x) -- 4e -2x
dx
2 The bisector of angle POQ is in the

direction of the vector l:I + l:I 2 f


0
ln2
e2xdx =
3
~
2
3 The line PQ is in the direction of the
vector (q - p) 3 The curve y = e2x has no asymptote(s)

24
27. Given that 29. y2 : =- 2x.
+
x3 + r = (x +
px2 a) 2(x - ~),
where p, r, a, ~ are non-zero constants, then
1 If x > 0 and y < 0, then : <0
1 2a =~
2 y has a minimum when x = 0
2 3a+2p=O
3 y3 - 3x2 is constant

30. Given that x, y and z are the angles of a


28. y
triangle, which of the following statements is
(are) always true?

1 (x > y) => (cos x < cosy)

2 (sin x = sin y) => (x = y)


0 x
3 (x < y) => (sin x < sin y)

The diagram could be the graph of

2 y=lnx

3 x = aY, where a > 0

25
Test 6
Time allowed: 1 hour

SECTION I

Questions 1-20 (Twenty questions)

1. sin 50 - sin 90 = 4.

A - 2 sin 70 cos 20

B - 2 sin 20 cos 70 0
8 cm
c - 2 cos 70 cos 20

D 2 sin 20 sin 70
The minor arc PQ is of length 3 cm. The major
E 2 sin 20 cos 70 arc QRP is of length 8 cm.
LPOQ =
2. The modulus of (1 - i) 6 is
A 3
Bra d"1ans
A 1

B v'2 B 311' ra d"ians


IT
c 2
c TI
611' ra d"tans
D 2v'2

8 33 d"
E D 211" ra 1ans

10
E 811" rad"tans
TI
3. L
r=l
(2r) 2 =

A 12100 5. In a convergent geometric progression the first


term is 3 and the sum to infinity is 4. The fourth
B 3025 term of the progression is
c 2870 3
A
4
D 1540
3
E 770 B
64

3
c 256

3
D
64

3
E
256

26
6. y 9. An equation of the straight line which passes
through the point (1, 0) and through the centre
of the circle
x2 + y 2 - lOx + 4y = 0
is

0 3-rr/2 x A x - 3y - 1 =0
B x - 2y - 1 = 0

c x + 2y - 1 =0
The total area, in square units, of the shaded
D 2x+y+2=0
regions is
E 2x+y-8=0
A 3

B -1
d
10. dx cos (x2 ) =
c 1
A sin (x2)
D 2
B - sin (x2 )
E -2
c cos 2x

D - 2x sin (x2)
7. The complete solution set of the inequality
E 2x sin (x 2)
2lxl > Ix - lj,
where x E JR, is

A {x: x < - 1} 11. f(x)= (1 - 2x)- 1 + (1 + x)- 1


f(x) can be expanded as a series of ascending
powers of x if
B {x: x > i}

C {x : - 1 < x < !} A -l<x<!

D {x: x < - l}U{x: x > !} B -l<x<l

E {x : x < - !}U{x : x > 1}

D -!<x<!
8. The complex number z has modulus 20 E -2<x<2
and argument tan- 1 ( - 4/3), where
- 7T/2 < arg z < -rr/2.
z= 12. Given that f(x) ::::: e-x, for x E R+, then
C 1(x) =
A 12 + 16i

B 16 + 12i

c 12 - 16i
C In x
D 16 - 12i
D - lnx
E - 16 - 12i

27
13. The equation 2x2 + 5x - 6 0 has roots 16. The points P, Q and R are collinear.
a and 13. ~
OP= 3i + j - k,
Q'.2 + 132 = ~
OQ = i - 2j + k,
~
1 OR= 2i + pj + qk.
A
4
A p = - 3, q = 2,
13
B
4 B p = - 3!, q = 2,

c 25 c p = - !, q = 0,
4
D p = 3, q = - 2,
37
D
4 E p=-!,q=2

49
E
4 17. Given the following two statements,
(1) x 2 < 1,
14. The radius of a sphere is increasing at a con- (2) x < 1,
stant rate. When the radius is 20 cm, the rate of where x e R, which one of the following
increase of the surface area is 30 cm 2 s- 1 . At statements is always true?
this moment the rate of increase of the volume,
in cm 3s- 1 , is A (1) => (2) but (2) =f? (1)

A 3007T B (2) => (1) but (1) =f? (2)

B 300 c (1) ~ (2)

c 200 D (1) =f? (2) and (2) =f? (1)

D 15 E None of the above

E 3
18. JIn x dx =
15. Given that 1
A - + constant
ex x
f: x ~ _1___ ' x ER+,
- ex
then C 1 : x~ B x ln x + constant

c x ln x - x + constant
A In (x: 1 ) 1
D - ln x + constant
x
B ln(x;l)
E x ln x + x + constant
x
c --
x + 1

1 - ex
D ex

e-x
E
1 - e-x

28
19. Given that a> 0 and b2 < ac, a sketch of the
D y
curve y = ax 2 + 2bx + c, could be

0 x
A
y

x E

B
y

0 x

SECTION II

Questions 21-30 (Ten questions)

2 +i
21. z = -2~. 22. The solutions of the equation
- l
2x3 +6x 2 -l=O
can be found from the intersections of the two
1 lzl = 1 graphs
3
2 Rez = - y = 2x 3 and y = 6x 2 1
5 1 -
1T
3 arg z = 4 1
2 y = 6 - 2 and y = 2x
x
3 y = x 2 (x + 3) and y = i

29
23. In which of the following differential equations 27. Given that y = a : bx , where a, b are
can the variables be separated? non-zero constants, then a straight line graph is
obtained by plotting
1 y 2 (1 + x) ~ = (1 - y)x2
1 . 1
1 -agamst-
x y
2 xdy +y = 1- y2
dx 2 L against y
x
dy 2
3 x-=x+y x .
dx 3 -agamstx
y
24. In the geometric series 28. A vector equation of the line l is
r = (2i + 6k) + t(3i + 4k),
x : l +(x:1)2+(x:1)3+ ... , where t is a parameter.
where x ER+,
1 I passes through the origin 0
1 each term of the series is less than 1 2 I is perpendicular to Oy

2 the series converges only when x < 1


3 The vector (3i + 4k) is parallel to I
3 when the series is convergent the sum to
infinity is x 19
29. s= L r 2
r=lO

25. f : x ~ ex and x, y E R +. 19
1 L 2r 2 = 2S
1 f(x + y) = f(x) f(y) r=lO

19
2 rt(xy) = r-1(x) + r-1(y) 2 L (r 2 + 1) =S + 9
r=lO

3 r-1(xY) = y r-1 (x) 19


3 L r4 = 52
r=lO

26. f(x) = x6 + 64.


30. f: x ~!(ex+ e-x), x E _R.
1 (x + 2) is a factor of f(x) g:x f-+ ! (ex - e-x), x ER.

2 (x - 2) is a factor of f(x)
1 f(2x) = (f(x)] 2 - (g(x)] 2
3 (x2 + 4) is a factor of f(x) g(2x) = 2 f(x) g(x)
2

3 - 1<g(x)<1
f(x)

30
Test 7
Time allowed: 1 hour

SECTION I

Questions 1-20 (Twenty questions)

I. An equation of a circle, with radius r and 4. Given that tan a = 3/4 and tan 13 = 413, where
centre (a, b), is a and 13 are both acute, then sin(a + 13) =
A x2 + y2 = ,2 _ 02 _ b2 7
A
5
B x 2 + y 2 + ax + by = r 2 - a 2 - b 2
24
C x2 + y2 - ax - by = ,2 - a2 - b2 B
25

D x 2 + y 2 - 2ax - 2by = r 2 - a 2 - b 2 7
c 25
E x 2 + y 2 + 2ax + 2by = r 2 - a 2 - b 2
D 0
2. The complete solution set of the inequality E 1
Ix - ll > lxl ,
where x E JR, is

A {x: x > !}

B {x: x < 1} A sin- 1 ( ; ) + constant

C {x: x < !} B sin- 1 (3x) +constant

D {x: x < O}
C sin- 1 ( ~ ) + constant
E none of the above
D +In (+ - x 2) + constant
1 - 2cos20
3.
1 - 2sin20 =
E +In(~~;~)+ constant
A - 1

cos e - sine d
B 6. dx (In tan x) =
cos e +sine

cos e + sine
c cos e - sine
A ln(sec2x)

B cot x
sin0-cos0
D
sin0+cos0 2
c sin 2x
tan20 - 1
E
tan 20 + 1 1
D
sin 2x

E secx

31
7. Given that the roots of the quadratic equation 10.
ax2 + bx + c = 0, y
where abc ;:/= 0, -are a and ~,then the roots of
the equation
l6cx2 + 4bx + a = 0
are

1 1
A -and- y = 11./X
4a 4~

1 1
B - -and - -
4a 4~ 0 1 e x

c -aa n d~-
4 4 The volume, in cubic units, generated when
the shaded region is rotated completely about
4 4
D -and- Ox is
a ~
A 'TT
E 4a and 4~

B 7r(l - e- 2 )

c 2(e 112 - 1)
5- i
s. 4 - 3i = D 'TTe

A + (23 + lli)
E 7r(e - 1)

B + (23 + lli)
11. The general solution of the differential
equation

dy +y = 1
c - 1 (23 - lli)
7
dx
is, P being an arbitrary constant,
D __!_ (23 - lli)
25 A 2x + (1 - y) 2 = P

B 2x - (1 - y) 2 = P
E 215 (23 + lli)
C y = 1 + Pex

D y =1+ Pe-x
9. Given that
(lg x) 2 - 4(lg x) +3 = 0, E y = Pe-x - 1
where x e lR +, then
x=
12. The number of different permutations of the
A 1or3 letters of the word ROTTEN is

B 10 or 1000 A 6!

c 1or1000 B (6!)/2

1 1 c (5!) x 2
D 10 or 1000
D 5!
1
E 10 or 1000 E (5!)/2

32
13. The sum to infinity of a geometric progression 16. Given that
of positive terms is 3. When the second term of 3x 1
the progression is subtracted from the first 9>' = 27 and 5x = sy+l
term the result is 4/3. The common ratio of the
progression is where x, y e R, then y

A
1 A =- 4
4
B 4
1
B
3 c = 3

c 4 D = -4/3
9
E cannot be found
1
D
2

17. The number of asymptotes of the curve


y = tan x, where x e R, is

A 0
14. Given that a = (3i + 4j), b = (2i -j),
x = (i + 5j) and x = sa + th, B 2
then the scalars s and t are given by
c 4
A s = - 1, t= - 1
D 6
B s =- 1, t =1
E more than 6
c s = 1, t =- 1

D s = 1, t =1
E s = \/5, t = 5 18. x - 1 ) < O for all finite values of x in the
x(x + 1

15. All solutions of the simultaneous equations


interval
2 cos e - \/3 = 0, 2 sin e + 1 = 0 A x > 1
are obtained by taking all integer values of n in
B x <1
A mr - (- l}"~
6 C x< -1
1T D x > -1
B 2nir 6
E x > 0
C 2nir +(- l}"~
6

3
1T
D 2nir -

1T
E 2nir - 6

33
1 D
19. The graph of y = x - - could be
x
A y

B E
y

20. Which one of the following expressions is not


c y identically equal to any one of the others?

2 tan e
A
1 + tan 2e

B 2 sine cos e
cos20 - sin 2e

C tan 20

D 2 cote
cot20 - 1

2 sin 0 cos 0
E
2 cos 2 e - 1

SECTION II

Questions 21-30 (Ten questions)

1
21. The graph of y = x + - 22. f(x) a x3 - x2 - x + 1.
x
1 If x > 0, then f(x) > 0
1 does not intersect either coordinate axis
2 (x - 1) is a factor of f(x)
2 has point symmetry about the origin
3 f(x) = 0 for just two distinct real
3 has two asymptotes
values of x

34
23. 26. A plane passes through the point with position
y vector a and is parallel to each of the non-
parallel vectors b and c. The normal to the
y = f(x)
plane is in the direction of the unit vector n.

1 The distance of the plane from the origin is


a.n
2 The equation of the plane can be written in
the form,
r =a+ sh+ tc,
0 a x
where s and t are parameters

3 n. (b - c) =o
The shaded region bounded by the curve
y = f(x), the coordinate axes and the line
x=a
1 has area f f(x)dx square units

r[
0

dy x
2 generates volume 1T f(x) ]2 dx cubic 2 -=-
dx y
0
units when rotated completely about Ox
3 xy > 0 for all t
ff( a)
3 generates volume 1T ), x 2dy cubic units
f(O)

28. f: x ~ sin- 1x, where - 1 :::::; x:::::; 1.

24. Given that y = 3x+ 1 , a straight line graph 1 C 1 : x ~ cosec x


through the origin is obtained by plotting
2 [f(x) = !] => [x = 7T/6]
1 x + 1 against ln y
3 The gradient of the graph of f at the origin
2 x against ln y is 1

3 In x against ln y
29. The first, third and last terms of an arithmetic
progression are 2, 8 and 56 respectively. For
this progression
25. Which of the following equations could be
solved graphically by finding the intersec- 1 the tenth term is 29
tion(s) of the curve y = In x and a suitably
chosen straight line? 2 the number of terms is 18
1 3 the sum of the terms of the progression is
1 lnx = -
x 522
2 ln x = 3

30. (1 + ax)k can be expanded as an infinite series


in ascending powers of x when

1 k e z+
2 lal < 1, k < 0

35
Test 8
Time allowed: 1 hour

SECTION I

Questions 1-20 (Twenty questions)

2
1. Given that x e JR. and 2e2x - 3ex + 1 = 0, then 4 r x dx=
J(x3 + l)112

A x = 1 or!
A ! In (x3 -+ 1) 112 + constant
B x = 0 or In 2
C x = 1 or - In 2 B i In (x 3 + 1) 112 + constant
D x = 0 or - In 2
C i (x3 + 1) 112 + constant
E x cannot be found

D + (x 3 + 1) 112 + constant
2. The gradients of the tangents from the origin to
the circle
x 2 + y 2 + lOy + 16 = 0, E ! (x 3 + 1) 112 + constant
are

A + __l_ 5. The complete set of values of x for which


- 4 (x + 3)(x2 - 9) > 0,
where x e JR., is
4
B -
3 A {x: x > 3}

__l_ B {x: x > - 3}


c 5
c {x: - 3 < x < 3}
D _1_
3 D {x : x < - 3}U{x : x > 3}

E + _1_ E {x: x < - 3}


- 4

3. Given that x e JR., which one of the following is 6. The general solution of the differential
not an even function of x? equation

A f: x ~ l3xl dy +x+ 2 = 0
dx y + 2
B f: x ~ sin 2x is, P being an arbitrary constant,

C f:x~cosx A x2 - y2 + 4x - 4y =P
B x2 - y2 + 2x - 2y = P

E f : x ~ (x - 1) 2 p
c y+2=--
x+2

D x2 + y2 + 2x + 2y = P

E x2 + y2 + 4x + 4y = P

36
7 r (4x+3)(2x+5) 10. The n.umber of 4 letter code words which can
' x~~ (x + 3)(x + 5) be made using the letters P, Q, R, S, if
repetitions are allowed, is
A = 15
A 16
B 8
B 24
c 1
c 64
D 0
D 128
E does not exist
E 256

8. Given that x = t 2 , y = t, then


~ ~

d2y 11. Given that OP = p, OQ = q and the points


dx2 = 0, P, Q are not collinear, which one of the
following points, whose position vectors are
A 0 given, is not collinear with P and Q?

1 A !p + !q
B - 2t 2
B 3p - 2q
1
c 4t 2 c p-q

D D !p + ~q

E 2p - q
E

9. All solutions of the equation


tan x = - \13 12. The gradient of the normal to the curve
y = e-cos x at the point where x = -rr/3 is
are obtained by taking all integer values of n in
\13
A wrr - -rr/3 A 2e112

B 2n-rr -rr/3
B
C n-rr + ( - 1) n + -rr/3
1

1
D n-rr - -rr/6 c 2e(V3)/2

E n-rr + -rr/6 2e 112


D
\13

E -e -112

37
13. 15. An equation of the tangent to the circle
y x2 + y2 - 2x + 3y = 0
at the origin is

A 2x - 3y =0
B 3x + 2y = 0

1 x c 2x + 3y = 0
I
D 3x - 2y = 0

E none of the above

16. Given that 0 < 0 < -rr/2, then the argument of


The graph could be a sketch of the curve
cos0-isin0.
. . lS
1 cos 0 + ism 0
A y= x - l
A -0
1 B 0
B y = 1- x
c 'IT - 20
c y = ln(l - x)
D 20
D y = ln(x - 1)
E - 20
E y = ln(l - x 2)

17. The roots of the equation


2x 2 + 6x + 7 = 0
14. Given that
are a and 13. Then
f(x) =
ax 3 + bx 2 + ex + d,
la - 131 =
where a, b, c, d E Z and are constants, and
f(-3/2) = 0, which one of the following must
A \/5
be a factor of f(x)?
B 2\/5
A x-+
c 4\/5
B 2 - 3x
D \/(5/2)
c 3 - 2x
E 1/(2\/5)
D 2x + 3

E 3x +2 18. The sum of all the positive even numbers less


than 100 is

A 5000

B 4900

c 2550

D 2500

E 2450

38
19. The number of solutions, which lie in the range 20. Given the following two statements,
O :s:= 6 :s:; 41T, of the equation (1) (x - 2)(3 - x) < 0,
cos 2 6 - 3 cos 6 + 2 = 0 (2) x > 3,
is where x e R, which one of the following state-
ments is always true?
A 2
A (1) => (2) but (2) ~ (1)
B 3
B (2) => (1) but (1) ~ (2)
c 4
c (1) <=> (2)
D 5
D (1) ~ (2) and (2) ~ (1)
E more than 5
E None of the above

SECTION II

Questions 21-30 (Ten questions)

21. (x + iy) 2 = 3 + 4i, where x, ye R. 24. The loci whose equations are
(x - 2y - 2) + A(y + 2) = 0,
1 x2 + y2 =3 where A is a variable parameter,

2 xy = 2 1 are all straight lines

3 (x - iy) 2 =3 - 4i 2 all pass through the point (2, - 2)

3 include the line x =2


22. The curve x 2 + y 2 + 2x + 4y + 4 = 0
~
1 is a circle 25. OP = (- 2i + 3j + k),
~ '
OQ= (3i - 2j + k).
2 touches the y-axis ~
1 PQ = - 5i + 5j
3 does not pass through any point (x,y) for ~ ~
which x ;;;:: 0, y ;;;:: 0 2 OP. OQ =- 11

23. Given that p, q, x and y are non-zero real 3 cosLPOQ = - -11


14
numbers and
26. Given that xy = ax 2 + b, where a, b are
_I!_>~
q y ' non-zero constants, then a straight line graph is
obtained by plotting
which of the following inequalities must neces-
sarily be true? 1 xy against x 2

1 _I!_> _!L 2 ylx against 1/x 2


x y
3 log (xy) against log (x 2)
2 _!J_ < _L
p x

3 PY - qx > 0
qy

39
27. f and g map JR into JR. 29. x = 1+ cos 2 0 - cos 4 0,
f(x) =cos x, y = 1 + sin 2 0 - sin 4 0.
g(x) = x 3
1 x-y=O
1 gf is an odd function

2 fg is a periodic function
3 x = 1 + ! sin 2 20
3 The range of gf is [ - 1, 1]

30. The graph of y = x sin x


28. The equation ex = sin X, where x E JR,
1 is symmetrical about the y-axis
1 has no positive roots
2 touches the x-axis at the origin
2 has an infinite number of negative roots
3 touches the line y = x at the point
3 has two roots in the interval ( - 11', 0) (11'/2, 11'/2)

40
Test 9 (Further Mathematics)
Time allowed: 1 hour

The numerical value of g should be understood to be


available for questions in any section if required.
Take gas 10 ms- 2 unless otherwise given.

SECTION I

Questions 1-10 (Ten questions)

1. 3. Of the functions sinh x, cosh x, tanh x, sech x,


y cosech x, coth x,

A 2 are even functions and 4 are odd func-


tions

B 3 are even functions and 3 are odd func-


tions

C 4 are even functions and 2 are odd func-


0 x
tions

D 2 are odd functions, 2 are even functions


and 2 are neither
The given diagram could be the graph of
E none of the above statements is true
A y=sinhx

B y = coshx
4.
c y=tanhx
Before 2u u

8 8
~ ~
D y = sech x impact

E y = cosech x

After
2. The general solution of the differential impact ~ ~
equation v, V2

4 d2y + 4 dy + y = 0 The spheres collide directly as shown and the


dx 2 dx
coefficient of restitution is l .
is, P and Q being arbitrary constants, Vt =
A Bu/9
B y = p e-x12 + Q ex12 B Su/3

C y = (P + xQ)ex12 C 4u/3

D y = (P + xQ)e-2x D 2u/3
E y = (P + xQ)e-x12 E 0

41
5. The graph of y = ln(l + x 2 ) could be D
y
A
y

E y
B
y

0 x

c y 7. An integrating factor of the differential equa-


tion
dy .
dx - y cot x = sm x
is

A sin x
0 x
B cosec x

c e-cot x

D cosx

E sec x

6. In the Argand diagram the locus of points


satisfying the equation
8. A uniform rod PQ, of mass m and length 2a, is

1:~~1= 1 rotating in a plane with angular speed w about


the end P. Its moment of momentum about P
is is of magnitude

A a straight line

B a circle

c a parabola

D an ellipse

E a hyperbola

42
9. Four coins are to be tossed simultaneously. 10. A particle moves along Ox with velocity v,
The probability that there will be an odd where v = kx.3 and k is a constant. At time
number of tails is t = 0, x = a, where a > 0. Then
kt=
2
A
5 A (x2 - a2)/(a2x2)

-
1 B (x 4 - a4 )/(3a4x4 )
B
8
c (a 4 - x 4 )/(3a4x4 )
1
c 4 D (a2 - x 2)/(2a2x2)

1 E (x2 - a2)/(2a2x 2)
D
2

5
E
8

SECTION II

Questions 11-15 (Five questions)

11. z 1 and z 2 are complex numbers. 14. The probability density function p(x) of a
random variable X is such that p(x) = 0 for
1 lz1 - z2I ;:?: lz1I - lz2I x :s::; 0 and for x ;:?: a.

lz1 + z2I :s::; lz1I + lz2I 1 The mean of the distribution is a/2

r
2

2 p(x)dx = 1
0

1 3 The variance of the distribution is


12. Ur = ,.Z(,.Z + l)"

1 1
f x 2 p(x)dx - [f xp(x)dx ]2
1 Ur= 7- r + 1
15.
00

2 The series L Ur converges


r=I
p Q R s
10 100 .J t t l
3 L
r=l
Ur= 101 2W >..W

The uniform beam PQRS, where PQ = a,


13. ~; + 2v = 0, and v = (j + k) when t = 0. QR = 3a and RS = 2a, rests horizontally in
equilibrium on supports at Q and R. The
weight of the beam is W and loads of weight
1 v.i=O 2W and AW are hung from P and S
respectively.
2 v. j = e 21
1 The force exerted on the support at Q is of
3 v x k =i e 21 magnitude 5A W/3

2 The force exerted on the support at R is of


magnitude (9 - 2A)W/3

43
SECTION III

Questions 16-20 (Five questions)

16. For the differential equation 18. 1 X and Y are independent events
d2y
d.x2 + ny = 12x, 2 P(Y) = P(XIY)
where n is a constant,
19. P, Q and Rare non-singular 3 x 3 matrices.
1 the complementary function is of the form
Pe2x+Qe-2x 1 S = PQR
2 the particular integral is 3x

17. Forces F., F2 , F3 act at the points with position 20. A particle P falls freely in a resisting medium,
vectors r., r 2 , r 3 respectively, where Fi, F 2 , F 3 , where v is the speed and k is a constant.
ri, r 2 , r 3 are non-zero.
l The terminal speed of Pis v'(g/k)
1 The forces are in equilibrium
2 The resistance of the medium to the
motion of P is of magnitude kv 2 per unit
mass

SECTION IV

Questions 21-25 (Five questions)

21. Evaluate L f(x) dx.


8

0
dv
23. dt = a + bt + c cos(2'1Tt).
Find the value of v when t = 2.
1 f(x) is periodic with period 4
1 v is given when t =0
2 f(x) is an even function
2 v is given when t = - !
3 f(x) = x for 0 :s;;; x < 2
3 v is given when t = -i
4 f(x) = 4 - x for 2 :s;;; x < 4
4 vis given when t = -1
22. Find the least distance between P and Q.
24. Determine the number of real roots of the
1 The velocity of P relative to R is given
equation f(x) = 0, where
2 The velocity of Q relative to R is given f(x) = x3 + ax2 + bx + c,
a, b, c e Z, p, q e R and p #: q.
3 The velocity of R is given

=0
~
4 At time t = 0, the vector PQ is given 1 f'(p)

2 f'(q) = 0

3 f(p) > 0

4 f(q) <0

44
25. Find the kinetic energy of a uniform, solid,
circular cylinder which is rotating about a
generator with constant angular speed.

1 The angular speed of the cylinder is given

2 The mass of the cylinder is given

3 The radius of the cylinder is given

4 The length of the cylinder is given

SECTION V

Questions 26-30 (Five questions)

26. Prove that the equation 29. Find the range of a projectile on the horizontal
z3 + az + b = 0, plane through its point of projection.
where a,b E JR, has only one real root.
1 The height of the highest point above the
point of projection is given
1 a> 0
2 The time of flight is given
2 b > 0

27. Show that events X and Y are independent. 30. Show that the series L u,.xn is convergent,
n=l

1 P(YIX) = P(Y) 1 O<x<l


2 P(XnY) = P(X).P(Y)
1
2 0< Un <- for all n
n
28. Find the radius of gyration of the uniform
rectangular lamina PQRS about the edge PQ.

1 PQ is given

2 PS is given

45
Test 10 (Further Mathematics)
Time allowed: 1 hour

The numerical value of g should be understood to be


available for questions in any section if required.
Take gas 10 ms- 2 unless otherwise given.

SECTION I

Questions 1-10 (Ten questions)

1. z = ei 0 , 0 e JR. 4. Air leaks from a spherical balloon at the con-


z3 + z + z - 1 + z - 3 = stant rate of 2 m 3 s - 1 . When the radius of the
balloon is 5 m, the rate, in m2 s- 1 , at which the
A cos 0 + cos 30 surface area is decreasing is

B i sin 0 + i sin 30 4
A
5
c 2 cos 0 + 2 cos 30
8
2i sin 0 + 2i sin 30 B
D 5

E 2 cos 0 + 2 cos 3 0 1
c 507r

2. The expansion of ex sin x in ascending powers 1


of x up to and including the term in x 3 is D
lOOrr

E none of the above

2x3
B 1+x+x 2 + 3 5. A sphere X, of mass m and moving with speed
u, collides directly with a stationary sphere Y
of mass A.m. After impact, sphere Xis at rest
and sphere Y has speed v. The coefficient of
restitution between the spheres is
x3
D x + x2 + 3 A v!(A.u)

x3 B A.u!v
E x+x 2 --
3
C A.v!u

D ulv
3. The complete set of real values of x for which
cosh x >2 sinh xis E v/u

B {x : x < ln3}

C {x : x < ! ln3}

D JR
E {x: x < O}

46
Ji
x D I
6. The graph of y = 1 _ x 2 could be y I

A y j\_
)!
0
-1 1 x
I I

-1
I

!(x E y

B y I

i~ \: :r
\i
11 x
I
I

\i
8.
f v'3)/2 x
v(l - x 2 ) dx =
0

7. Forces 3F, - 2F act at the points with position


vectors 2a, - a respectively, where a, F are 1
A
non-zero veGtors. The moment of the system 4
about the origin is
1
B
A 4a. F 2

B 8a. F c 1
C 8(a. F)F D -rr/3

1
E
2
E 8a x F

47
9. At time t, the position vector r of a moving 10. A lamina of mass M rotates with angular speed
particle P, relative to a fixed point 0 in the w about an axis perpendicular to its plane. The
plane of the motion, satisfies the equation moment of inertia of the lamina about the axis
is /. Then the ratio of the kinetic energy of the
d2r
dt2 + nzr = 0, lamina to the magnitude of the moment of
momentum of the lamina about the axis
where n is a positive constant. At time t = 0,
A is /w: 2M
dr
r =a, dt = v.
B is 2M: /w
Then r =
C is 2: w
A a sin nt - (v/n) cos nt
D isw:2
B a cos nt + (v/n) sin nt
E cannot be found from the given informa-
c a sinh nt + (v/n) cash nt tion

D a cash nt + (v/n) sinh nt

E a e-nr + (na + v)t e-nr

SECTION II

Questions 11-15 (Five questions)

x2
11. For the curve y = 14. x and y are functions of t and dots denote
x
2
+ 3x + 2 differentiation with respect to t.
1 the line x = 2 is an asymptote
1
dy
-=~
y
dx x
2 the line x = 1 is an asymptote

2
dx x
3 the line y = 1 is an asymptote dy y
d2y
12. Given that events X and Y are independent 3 dx2 =
L
and P(X) = 02, P(Y) = 03,
x
then

1 P(Xn Y) = 006 15. w is a root of the equation


z3 - 1 =0
2 P(X'nY') = 094 and Im w-:#= 0.
3 P(XUY) = 05 1 w3 =w
2 1 and w 2 are the other two roots

3 1 + w + w2 = 0

1 f(x) = f 1
x
-
1
t
dt

2 f(x) < x

48
SECTION III

Questions 16-20 (Five questions)

16. 1 sinh (x/2) =1 19. A particle moves along Ox in simple harmonic


motion with amplitude a. The velocity at time t
2 cosh x = 3 is v.

1 lvl = w\/(a 2 - x 2 )
17. a, be JR and ab =I= 0.
2 The period of the motion is 2-rr/w
1 a< b

2 The series n~O ( +r converges 20. ct./i


d 2 d
+ p ~ + qy = cos x, where p, q are real

constants.
18. a is a non-zero vector and X. is a non-zero
1 p = -1, q = 1
scalar.
2 sin x is a particular integral
1 axi=O

2 a x j = X.k, a x k = -X.j

SECTION IV

Questions 21-25 (Five questions)

21. Using 2 strips and the trapezium rule for 23. A light spring, of natural length I and modulus
integration, estimate the value of X., lies on a smooth horizontal table. One end

J f(x) dx. of the spring is fixed and to the other end is


h
attached a particle of mass m. The spring is
-h
compressed a distance a and then released.
1 f(-h) + f(O) is given Find the time which elapses before the spring
next has length /.
2 f(-h) + f(h) is given
1 a is given
3 f(O) + f(h) is given
2 I is given
4 his given
3 mis given

22. Given that a, b, c, k are constants, find the 4 X. is given


numerical value of the difference between the
greatest and least values of the expression
ax 2 + bx + c in the interval 0 ~ x ~ k.

1 a is given

2 bis given

3 c is given

4 k is given

49
24. A smooth elastic sphere, of mass m, is thrown 25. Given that
vertically downwards with speed V from a Un + aun-2 + b = 0
point at a height h above a horizontal table. for n E N, n ;;:;:, 2, find the value of u 10
The coefficient of restitution between the
sphere and the table is e. Find the magnitude of I a is given
the impulse exerted by the plane on the sphere
a,t the first impact. 2 bis given

I mis given 3 u0 is given

2 Vis given 4 u 1 is given

3 his given

4 e is given

SECTION V

Questions 26-30 (Five questions)

26. Show that the equation 29. Prove that X and Y are independent events.
r =a+ sb + tc,
where a, b, c are constant vectors and s, t are I P(Xn Y) = P(X) . P(Y)
variable scalars, is the equation of a straight
line. 2 P(X I Y) = P(X) . P(Y)

I s= t
30. A uniform circular disc is free to rotate in a
2 s=l-t vertical plane about a smooth fixed horizontal
axis which passes through a point on the cir-
cumference of the disc. Find the length of the
27. Show that the curve y = f(x) has a point of equivalent simple pendulum.
inflexion at the point [a, f(a)].
I The moment of inertia of the disc about
I f'(a) = 0 the axis is given

2 f'(a) = 0 2 The radius of the disc is given

28. Prove that jx2 - Sj > jx2 - 3j.

I x < 2

2 x > -2

50
Test 11 (Further Mathematics)
Time allowed: 1 hour
The numerical value of g should be understood to be
available for questions in any section if required.
Take gas 10 m s- 2 unless otherwise given.

SECTION I

Questions 1-10 (Ten questions)

l. e-2ie = 4.

A 2cos0-2isin0

B cos 20 - i sin 20 0 0 =0
..
C -cos 20 - i sin 20
The diagram, shows part of the curve whose
D cos 20 + i sin 20 equation in polar coordinates is r = a cos 220,
where a > 0. The area of the shaded region is
E - 2 cos 0 - 2i sin 0
fr/4
A l a2 cos4 20 d0
0
2. The matrix of a linear transformation of
three-dimensional space is B a2
fr/4
cos2 20 d0

(001 100 0)01


0

c l a2
fr/4
cos2 20 d0
0
This transformation is a reflection in the plane
fr/4
D a2 cos220 d0
A x = 0 0

B y=O E l a2
rr/4
cos 420 d0
-1'/4
c z=O

D x+y=O
E x-y=O
5. A uniform rod OX, of mass 3m and length 2a,
has a particle of mass m fixed to it at X. The
3. The number of asymptotes of the curve moment of inertia of the system about an axis
which passes through 0 and is perpendicular to
x
OX is >..ma2 , where>..=
Y = (x - l)(x - 2)(x - 3)
is A 2

A 4 B 7/3

B 3 c 16/3

c 2 D 5

D 1 E 8

E 0

51
6. Forces F and - F act at the points with position 9. The probability that Wendy will win a single
vectors a and -a respectively, where F and a game of tennis when playing against Karen is
are non-zero. The system
2
constant and equals 5 The probability that
A is in equilibrium
Wendy will win at least 5 games out of 6 is
B is equivalent to a force 2F acting through
the origin A
(+)6
C is equivalent to a couple of moment 2a x F
B
9(+)6
D is equivalent to a couple of moment a x F

E is equivalent to a couple of moment 2F x a c 10(+)6

7. A particle moving along Ox describes simple D


4(+)6
harmonic motion. It makes 8 complete oscilla-
tions in one second and its greatest speed is
0 1 m s- 1 The greatest magnitude of its E
5(+)6
acceleration, in m s- 2 , is

A 8/5 10. An equation of a line is


r =a+ tb,
where a, b are non-zero vectors and t is a
c 41T/5 variable scalar. The value of t which gives the
point on the line nearest to the origin is
D 1T/4
A 0
E 1T/40
B -alb

8. A uniform circular disc, of mass m and radius C (a.b)/(b.b)


a, rotates about a fixed axis l which passes
through the rim of the disc and is perpendicular D -(a. b)/(b . b)
to its plane. The speed of the centre of the disc
is V. Then the magnitude of the moment of E -(b . b)/(a . b)
momentum of the disc about l is

C maV

D 5maV/4

E none of the above

52
SECTION II

Questions 11-15 (Five questions)

11. w is a root of the equation z 3 - 1 = 0, and 14. X E z+, X i= 2.


Im w i= 0. p denotes the statement 'x is prime'.
q denotes the statement 'x 2 is odd'.
1 1+ (1) + w2 =0
1 p = q
1 1
2 1 +(1)- + - =0
(1)2

3 1 + (1)3 + (1)6 = 0 3 -p=-q

12. The n-th term of an infinite series is xnln. 15.

1 The series converges when x = 1

2 The series converges when x = -1

3 When x = -!, the series converges to


-ln(3/2) x
A particle P, free to move on the smooth inner
surface of a fixed hollow sphere of centre 0
13. x = e' and y is a function of x. and internal radius a, is given a horizontal
velocity of magnitude v'(2ga) when it is at the
dx lowest point X of the sphere.
1 -=x
dt When angle XOP = 0,

dy dy 1 the speed of Pis v'(2ga cos 0)


2 x-=-
dx dt
2 a0 = - g sin 0

3 the force exerted by the sphere on P is of


magnitude 3mg cos 0

SECTION III

Questions 16-20 (Five questions)

. 1
16. The cubic equation f(z) = 0 has real coeffi- 18. 1 sm x = T
cients.

1 2 - 3i is a root 2 COSX = Z
v'3

2 - 2 + 3i is a root 19. 1 The resultant force acting on the particle P


is a non-zero constant
17. f(x) is a continuous function.
2 The particle P moves with constant
velocity
1 f(- x) = f(x)

2 r-1
f(x) dx = 2[ f(x) dx
0

53
20. a and b are non-parallel non-zero vectors.

1 lal = lbl
2 (a - b) is perpendicular to (a + b)

SECTION IV

Questions 21-25 (Five questions)

21. A rigid lamina, with centre of mass G, rotates 24.


about a fixed axis 0 X which is perpendicular to
its plane. The line GY is parallel to OX.
Calculate the kinetic energy of the lamina.
p
1 The angular speed of the lamina is given

2 The mass of the lamina is given

3 The distance between OX and GY is given


A smooth ring P is threaded on a light
4 The moment of inertia of the lamina about inextensible string. The ends of the string are
GYis given attached to fixed points X and Y in the same
vertical line and the system rotates with
constant angular speed w so that P moves in a
22. Two particles Pi and P 2 moving with constant horizontal circle with centre 0. Calculate w.
velocities Vi and v2 respectively, collide
directly and coalesce. Find the velocity of the 1 The tension in the string is given
composite particle after the collision.
2 a is given
1 vi is given
3 J3 is given
2 vi - v2 is given
4 The length XP is given
3 The mass of Pi is given

4 The mass of Pi is equal to the mass of P 2

23. Find the coefficient of x 6 in the expansion, in 25. The force (pi + qj) N acts at the point with
ascending powers of x, position vector ri m and the force (pi - qj) N
acts at the point with position vector
In [(1 + ax)/(1 + bx)] + sin ex + edx, (ri + sk) m. Find the total moment of these
where a, b, c, d are constants. two forces about the origin.

1 a is given 1 pis given

2 bis given 2 q is given

3 c is given 3 r is given

4 dis given 4 sis given

54
SECTION V

Questions 26-30 (Five questions)

26. Prove that at least one of the vectors p, q is a 29. Two particles P and Q, of masses 0 1 kg and
null vector. O 2 kg respectively, are attached to the ends of
a light inextensible string and rest on a smooth
1 pXq=O horizontal table with the string taut. A force,
o.!..Jnagnitude F N, acts on P in the direction of
2 p.q=O QP. Calculate the tension in the string PQ.

1 The acceleration of P is given


00

27. Show that the infinite series 2: u,,x"


2 Fis given
converges. n=l

1 lxl < 1
30. Find the constants p, q, r in the differential
2 lunl < 1 equation
d2y dy
p dx2 + q dx + y = x + r.
~
1 The complementary function is of the form
00

28. Find whether the series 2: - converges.


n=l n Pex + Qe-x12 , P and Q being arbitrary
constants
1 x =::;; 1
2 A particular integral is x - 1
2 x;;::: -1

55
Test 12 (Further Mathematics)
Time allowed: 1 hour
The numerical value of g should be understood to be
available for questions in any section if required.
Take gas 10 m s- 2 unless otherwise given.

SECTION I

Questions 1-10 (Ten questions)

1. The moment of inertia of a uniform circular 3. The force F, where F = (6i + 4j + 5k)N, acts at
disc, of mass m and radius a, about the line l, the point with position vector (4i + 2j + 3k)m.
which is perpendicular to the disc and which The moment, in Nm, of F about the point with
passes through its circumference, is position vector ( - 3i + 7j + k)m is

A 5ma2!4 A 33i + 23j - 58k

B - 33i - 23j + 58k

c 2i + 2j - 4k

D 2ma2 D -2i-2j+4k

E 42i - 20j + lOk

2. Jv'(9 ~ 4x2) dx = 4. The number of positive roots of the equation


tanhx=xis

A tan- 1 (~) + constant


A 0

B 1
B -ttan- 1 (~) + constant
c 2

C sinh - l ( ~) + constant
D 3

E more than 4
D i 'sinh- 1 ( ~) + constant
2(cos 3 1T
-
31T )
.
E i sinh - i (3;) + constant 5. z =

1
i sm

z+-=
z

A 2

B v'3

c !(3 - 5v'3 i)

D !(5 - 3v'3 i)

E !(5 -3v'3 i)

56
6. The graph of y = ln(l - x 2 ) could be
D
y

A
y
-1

v: :v
B
y y

0
I I x
I 0
-1 I I1 x
I I

8.

7. An integrating factor for the differential 0 0


equation

~ + (1 + x)y = x2
lS
The diagram could be a sketch of the curve
with equation, in polar form,

A r=l+cos0
B e<1+x)'12

B r=l-cos0
1
c 1+x C r = 1 + sin 0

D r = 1 - sin 0

E 1+x

57
9. A particle Pis projected with speed 40 ms- 1 at 10. In an experiment the constant probability that
an angle of elevation tan- 1('.i). After 2 seconds, a trial will be successful is p. Three trials are to
P is moving in a direction making the angle 0 be made. The probability that not more than
with the upward vertical. Then one will be successful is
tan 0 =
A (1 - p)3
A 8
B 3p(l - p) 2
B 2
c (1 - p) 2 (1 + 2p)
1
c 2 D p2(3 - 2p)
1
D -
E p3
8
E none of these

SECTION II

Questions 11-15 (Five questions)

11. X, y, n E JR+. 13. I = f0


-rr/2
sin6x dx, J = f
0
-rr/2
cos6x dx.

1 Jxy -dt=
1
t
Jx-dt+
1
t
Jy -dt
1
t
1 J >I

f
1 1 1
-rr/2

2 Jx" -dt=n
I
1
t
Jx-dt
1
t I
2
0
sin6x cos6x dx = []

3 Jxly J_ dt = Jx_l_ dt - JY J_ dt
I t I t I. t

12. A particle P of mass 1 kg moves along Ox and 14. Two smooth spheres, of equal radii but un-
performs simple harmonic motion of amplitude equal mass, collide.
4 m under the action of a force of magnitude
9 lxl N directed towards the origin 0. 1 The total linear momentum is conserved

1 The period is 2-rr/3 s 2 The heavier sphere must lose kinetic


energy
2 The maximum speed of Pis 12 m s- 1
3 The lighter sphere must gain kinetic
3 The greatest value of the magnitude of the energy
acceleration of Pis 48 m s- 2

15. a and b are non-zero, non-parallel vectors.

1 a !lal is a unit vector in the direction of a

2 (ax b)/ lax bl is a unit vector perpendicu-


lar to a

3 (a . b) b/(b b) is the component of a in the


direction of b

58
SECTION III

Questions 1~20 (Five questions)

16. z 1 and z 2 are non-zero complex numbers. 19. For the differential equation
d 2y dy
1 Zt = Zt dx2 + p dx + qy = 0,

z1z 2 is real where p, q e R,

1 a general solution is
Pe= + QeJ3x, where a, 13 E R, P and Q
17. x and ye R, and xy-=/= 0. are arbitrary constants and a -=/= 13.

1 lxl < IYI 2 p2 > 4q

1 1
2 -<-
x y
20. The equation of motion of a particle moving
along Ox is

18. X and Y are n x n matrices and 0 is the n x n d2x


dt2 + kx = 0,
null matrix.
where k is a real constant.
1 XY-YX=O
1 k > 0
2 X =0 or Y =0
2 The motion is simple harmonic

SECTION IV

Questions 21-25 (Five questions)

21. A boy is to be chosen at random from a class of 22. Two beads P and Q, of masses m and A.m
boys. Find the probability that the boy chosen respectively, are threaded on a fixed horizontal
plays rugby. smooth thin circular wire of radius a. The
coefficient of restitution between the beads is
1 The number who play neither rugby nor e. Bead P is projected along the wire with
soccer is given speed v. Find the time which elapses between
the first and second collisions between P and
2 The number who play rugby but not soccer Q.
is given
1 a is given
3 The number who play soccer but not rugby
is given 2 e is given

4 The number who play both soccer and 3 A. is given


rugby is given
4 vis given

59
23. a, 13, 'Y are the roots of the equation 25. y
ax3 + bx2 + ex + d = 0, y = f(x)
where a, b, c, d are constants and a * 0. Find
the value of a 2 + 132 + 'Y2.

1 a is given

2 bis given

3 c is given
0 a b x
4 dis given
Find the coordinates of the centroid of the
shaded region.
24. A compound pendulum consists of a rod AB
free to move in a vertical plane with a particle b
attached rigidly to the end B. Find the period 1 J [f(x) ) dx is given
2

of small oscillations under gravity about a a


smooth horizontal axis which passes through b
A. 2 J x[(f(x)) dx is given
2
a
1

2
The mass of the rod is given

The mass of the particle is given


3 f
a
b
xf(x) dx is given

3 The length of the rod is given 4 J f(x)dx is given


a
b

4 The rod is uniform

SECTION V

Questfons 26-30 (Five questions)

26. Prove that the equation 28. Q


z3 + az + bz + c = 0,
2

where a, b, c E R, has only one real root.

1 a= 0

2 b>O
o..::;...._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __

00
8 =0
27. Show that the series L u,.x" is convergent.
n=l PQ is an arc of the curve r = e28 Calculate the
area of the shaded sector.
1
1 Un= -,for n EN
n. 1 The angle POQ is given

2 lxl < 1 2 The lengths of OP and OQ are given

60
29. The position vector of a point on the line of 30. A game is to be played between three players,
action of the force Fm is rm, m = 1, 2, ... , n. Alice, Eva and Jean, in which each player
Show that the system of n forces is in equilib- throws an unbiased coin in turn, the winner
num. being the player who first throws a tail. Find
the probability that Eva wins.
n
1 2: Fm= 0 1 Alice throws first
m=l

n 2 Eva throws second


2 2: rm= 0
m=l

61
Test 13 (Applied Mathematics)
Time allowed: 1 hour

The numerical value of g should be understood to be


available for questions in any section if required.
Take g as 10 m s- 2 unless otherwise given.

SECTION I

Questions 1-10 (Ten questions)

1. A wheel makes 300 revolutions per minute. 3. Which one of the following is not a vector
The angular speed, in rad s- 1 , is quantity?

A 6001T A force

B acceleration

C momentum

D moment of momentum

E 5/(21T) E kinetic energy

4.
2.

F2mlfu
p Q R S
r--ilm~
~ 9 kg

PQRS is a uniform beam, of mass 15 kg and


length 6 m, supported on knife edges at Q and
R, where PQ = 1 m, RS = 2 m. Loads of
masses 6 kg and 9 kg are hung from P and S
respectively. The magnitude of the force, in N,
exerted on the support at R is

The system shown rests in equilibrium with the A 23


string passing over a smooth pulley. The other
parts of the strings are vertical. When the B 70
string connecting P and Q is cut, the accelera-
tion of R is of magnitude c 30

A g/4 D 230

B g E 270

c 15g/4

D 4g

E none of these

62
5. A ship is steaming due north with speed 8. X and Y are mutually exclusive events such
10 km h- 1 and collides with another ship that P(X) = P(Y'). Then
steaming due east at 24 km h- 1 . Twelve P(XUY) =
minutes before the collision the distance, in
km, between the ships is A P(X). P(Y)

A 26 B P(X)

B 28 C P(Y)

c 52 D 0

D 1872 E 1

E 26
9. The force F acts through the point with posi-
tion vector r 1. The moment of F about the
6. The position vectors of P, Q, relative to the point with position vector r 2 is
origin 0, are (- i + j - k), (i - 2j + k)
respectively. A unit vector perpendicular to
the plane 0 PQ is

A ..)17 (2i - 3j + 2k)

B ..)10 (3i + k)

c -\/6
1- ( - i - 2j + k)
10. A uniform rod PQ, of length 2a, is free to
D - 1- (- i + k) rotate in a vertical plane about a smooth horizon-
\/2 tal axis through the end P. The rod is released
from rest with PQ horizontal. When Q is
E none of the above vertically below P, the angular speed of the rod
is

7. A particle P, of mass m, moves along Ox under A Y[3g/(4a)]


the action of a force of magnitude mn2 lxl
directed towards 0 and a resistance of magni- B v'[3g/(2a)]
tude 2mkv, where v is the speed of P and n, k
are positive constants. An equation of motion C \/(2gla)
is
D V(3ga/2)
A i = - n2x - 2kX
E v'(2ag)
B i =- n2x + 2kX
C i = n2x + 2ki

E dv =- n2x - 2kX
dx

63
SECTION II

Questions 11-15 (Five questions)

11. A ball is projected horizontally with speed 13. A particle describes simple harmonic motion
15 m s- 1 from the top of a tower of height along Ox about 0 as centre and is instan-
20 m and lands on the horizontal plane through taneously at rest at P and Q, where PQ = 2a.
the foot of the tower. At 0 its speed is ka.

1 The time of flight is 2 s 1 The acceleration of the particle at 0 is zero

2 The distance of the landing point from the 2 The acceleration of the particle at P is of
foot of the tower is 30 m magnitude 2k2a

3 The angle which the velocity of the ball 3 The time to travel once from P to Q is 2-rr/k
makes with the horizontal when it strikes
m
the plane is tan - l
dr
14. dt + kr = 0, where k > 0 and r =I= 0.
12. Two equal smooth perfectly elastic spheres
d2r
collide directly. 1 dt2 = k2r
1 The total momentum of the spheres is
dr
unaltered by the collision 2 r x-
dt
=0
2 The total kinetic energy of the spheres is
unaltered by the collision 3

3 The relative velocity of the spheres is


unaltered by the collision
15. The position vector of Pis (i - 2j + k) m. A
force F, where F = (3i + j + 2k)N, acts
through P.

1 IFI = 6N

2 The moment of F about 0 is 3 Nm

3 An equation of the line of action of F is


r = (i - 2j + k) + t(3i + j + 2k)

SECTION III

Questions 16-20 (Five questions)

16. A particle is projected from a point of a 17. A particle is free to move on the inside of a
horizontal plane with speed 40 m s- 1 . smooth fixed hollow sphere, of internal radius
a and centre 0. The particle moves in a vertical
1 The angle of projection from the horizon- plane passing through 0.
tal is 30
1 The maximum speed of the particle ex-
2 The range of the particle on the plane is ceeds V(2ga)
40m
2 The particle makes complete circles

64
18. a and b are non-zero, non-parallel vectors, 20. A non-uniform rod PQ, of mass m and length
and r =fo 0. 2a, is free to rotate in a vertical plane about a
1 x=a+b smooth horizontal axis through P.

2 rXx=rxa + rxb 1 The centre of mass of the rod is at G,


where PG = a/2

2 The moment of inertia of the rod about the


19. X and Y are events in a finite sample space.
axis is ma 2I4
1 P (XnY) = 0

2 Events X and Y are mutually exclusive

SECTION IV

Questions 21-25 (Five questions)

21. Before 23.


impact

After
impact
08 Two particles P and Q, of masses m and M
respectively, are connected by a light rigid rod
and rest on a smooth horizontal table as
The spheres shown collide directly. Calculate shown. A horizontal impulse, of magnitude I
the coefficient of restitution between the and acting in a direction making the angle a
spheres. with PQ produced, is applied to Q. Find the
component of the velocity of Q perpendicular
1 The ratio mlM is given to the rod.

2 The value of u 1 is given 1 Mis given

3 The value of u2 is given 2 mis given

4 The value of v2 - v1 is given 3 a is given

4 I is given
22. A train moves along a straight horizontal track
against a constant frictional resistance. Find its
acceleration.

1 The speed of the train is given

2 The mass of the train is given

3 The rate of working of the engine is given

4 The constant frictional resistance is given

65
24. Ox, Oy, Oz are mutually perpendicular axes. 25. A particle P moves along Ox and the only force
Find the moment of inertia of a lamina about acting on it is a resisting force of magnitude
Ox. (a + bv)N per unit mass, where a and b are
constants and v is the speed of P at time t. Find v
1 The moment of inertia of the lamina about when t = 2s.
Oy is given
1 When t = 0, vis given
2 The moment of inertia of the lamina about
Oz is given 2 When t = 0, the retardation is given

3 0 is the centre of mass of the lamina 3 a is given

4 The lamina lies in the plane x = 0 4 When t = 0, Pis at 0.

SECTION V

Questions 26-30 (Five questions)

26. A particle P, of mass 0 1 kg, moves under the 29. A particle is projected from a point on a
action of a single force F. Find the acceleration horizontal plane. Find the maximum height
of P. reached above the plane.

1 The rate of change of momentum of P is 1 The range on the plane is given


given
2 The time of flight is given
2 The magnitude of F is given

30. A system of forces acts in the plane of the


27. X and Y are events.. Find P(XUY). triangle OPQ, where OP = 30 cm,
OQ = 40 cm and PQ = 50 cm. Find the
magnitude of the resultant of this system.
1 P(X) = -41 = P(Y)
1 The moment of the system about Pis given

2 P(XnY) = U1 2 The moment of the system about Q is


given

28. A rod PQ is rotating in a horizontal plane with


angular speed w about a smooth fixed pivot at
P. Calculate w.

1 The kinetic energy of the rod is given

2 The moment of momentum of the rod


about P is given

66
Test 14 (Applied Mathematics)
Time allowed: 1 hour
The numerical value of g should be understood to be
available for questions in any section if required.
Take gas 10 m s- 2 unless otherwise given.

SECTION I

Questions 1-10 (Ten questions)

1. 3. The moment of inertia of a thin uniform circu-


y PN z lar hoop, of radius a and mass m, about an axis
--~~~~~--~~~--
in its plane tangential to the hoop is

A 2ma2

PN ~~ A~ PN B 3ma2/2

C ma2

D 3ma2/4
...
0 PN x

Four non-zero forces of equal magnitude act as


-shown round the sides of a square OXZY. This
system
4. A point P is chosen at random within the circle
A is in equilibrium x2 + y2 = 4a 2 , where a > 0. The probability
that P will lie outside the square for which
B is equivalent to a force acting through 0 lxl ~ a, IYI ~ a is
C is equivalent to a force acting through X A 0

D is equivalent to a force acting through the 1


B
mid-point of OZ '11'

E is equivalent to a couple c 1
1--
'11'

2. A parcel, of mass m, is on the floor of a lift. At 1


D 1--
the instant when the lift is moving downwards 4'11'
with speed v and accelerating upwards with
acceleration f, the upward force exerted by the E none of the above
floor of the lift on the parcel is of magnitude

A m(g + f)

B m(g - f)

C mv(g + f)

D mv(g - f)

E mfv

67
s. p
7. A body falls under gravity against a resistance
of kv 2 per unit mass, where v is the speed and k
is a constant. After time t the body has fallen a
distance s. Then

dv
A v-=g-kv 2
ds

dv
B v-=g+kv 2
dt

d2s
c dt2=g+kv2

dv
D v ds = - (g + kv 2)

The uniform rod PQ, of weight W, rests in dv


E -=-g+kv2
non-limiting equilibrium with its end Q on dt
rough horizontal ground, coefficient of friction
., and its end P against a smooth vertical wall.
8. A particle moves in the x-y plane so that its
The vertical plane through the rod is perpen-
position vector r at time t seconds is given by
dicular to the wall. The force of friction be-
r = (2t 2i + t 3j)m. When t = 1, the speed, in
tween the rod and the ground is of magnitude
m s- 1 , of the particle, is
A .W
A i
B !.W
B VS
C Wtan 6
c 5
D !Wtan 6
D 7
E !W cot 6
E 25

9. A particle P, of unit mass, moves under a


6. Given that
resisting force -kv, where k is a positive
d2r dr constant and v is the velocity of P. No other
dt2 + 2k dt + (k 2 + n2)r = O, forces act on P, which has velocity V at time
where k and n are positive constants, then, P t = 0. At time t,
and Q being constant arbitrary vectors,
r=

A en'(P cos kt + Q sin kt) B (V/k) ek'

B e-kt(P cos nt + Q sin nt) C V e-ki

c e-nt (P cos kt + Q sin kt) D (Vlk) e-ki

D ek'(P cos nt + Q sin nt) E V (1 - kt)

E none of the above

68
10. A particle P of mass m is attached fo a fixed
point 0 by a light inextensible string of length a
and describes vertical circles. When OP makes
the angle 9 with the downward vertical, the
tension in the string is of magnitude T.

A T-mgcos9=ma6

B T-mgcos0=ma02

C T-mgsin9=ma6

D T-mgsin0=ma02

E mgcos0-T=ma92

SECTION II

Questions 11-15 (Five questions)

dv 13.
11. dt = kv, where k < 0 and v '4: O.

p
1

dv
2 v-<0
dt

dv
3 V X-=0
dt

K O

12.
Before 2u u
impact ---+ ----+
A uniform, solid, smooth sphere, with centre 0
and of radius a and mass m, is held in
equilibrium and in contact with a smooth
vertical wall by means of a light inextensible
After string PQ, of length a, attached to a point Pon
---+ ----+
impact v 2v the wall and to a point Q on the surface of the
sphere. The point of contact of the sphere and
the wall is Kand angle KPQ = 0.
Two elastic spheres A and B, of masses m and
2m respectively, collide directly as shown. 1 0 = -rr/6
1 v =u 2 The tension in the string is of magnitude
2mg/V3
2 The coefficient of restitution is 1
3 The reaction between the wall and the
3 The kinetic energy before impact was 3mu2 sphere is of magnitude mgV3

69
14. Non-zero forces 3F and - 4F act at the points 15. The position vectors of the points A, B, C,
with non-zero position vectors 2a and - a referred to the origin 0, are a, b, c respective-
respectively. Their resultant R acts through a ly. Given that OABC is a parallelogram, then
point with position vector b.
1 a-b+c=O
1 R+F=O
2 the area of the parallelogram is la x bl
2 The moment of the system about the origin
is2axF ax- c.1s a umt. vector perpend"1cu1ar to t he
3 -
a.c
3 An equation of the line of action of R is plane. of the parallelogram
i:=F+tb

SECTION III

Questions 16-20 (Five questions)

16. A rigid body is rotating about a fixed axis. 18. A particle moves in a plane but not along a
straight line.
1 The moment of momentum of the body
about the axis is increasing at a constant 1 The path of the particle is a circle and the
(non-zero) rate magnitude of its velocity is constant

2 The kinetic energy of the body is increas- 2 The acceleration of the particle is of con-
ing at a constant (non-zero) rate stant magnitude

17. A uniform rod PQ, of mass m and length 2a, is 19. p and q are non-zero vectors.
freely pivoted at P and hangs in equilibrium
with Q vertically below P. The rod is then 1 pXq=O
given an impulse at Q.
2 p.q:il=O
1 The initial speed of Q is V(2ag)

2 The initial kinetic energy of the rod is 20. X and Y are events.
mag/3
1 P(Xn Y) = P(X) . P(Y)
2 P(XJY) = 0

70
SECTION IV

Questions 21-25 (Five questions)

21. A rod PQ is free to oscillate in a vertical plane 24. A particle is projected vertically downwards in
about a smooth horizontal axis through _the end a resisting medium. Find its terminal velocity.
P. Find the period of small oscillations.
1 The initial speed is given
1 The moment of inertia of the rod about the
axis is given 2 The resistance is proportional to the speed

2 The distance of the centre of mass of the 3 The mass of the particle is given
rod from P is given
4 When the speed is 1 m s- 1 the resistance is
3 The mass of the rod is given given

4 The lengtfi of the rod is given


25. A uniform cuboid, of mass M and edges of
lengths a, b and c, is free to rotate about a
22. A particle is attached to one end of a spring vertical axis along one of the edges of length b.
whose other end is attached to a fixed point of Find the moment of inertia of the cuboid about
a smooth horizontal table. The particle oscil- this axis.
lates in a straight line on the table. Find the
mass of the particle. 1 Mis given

1 The period is given 2 a is given

2 The amplitude of the oscillations is given 3 bis given

3 The natural length of the spring is given 4 c is given

4 The modulus of the spring is given

23. A car is driven directly up a straight incline


against a known frictional force. Find its
acceleration at a particular instant.

1 The mass of the car is given

2 The speed of the car at that instant is given

3 The rate of working of the engine at that


instant is given

4 The gradient of the incline is given

71
SECTION V

Questions 26-30 (Five questions)

26. Find the probability that both events X and Y 29. Find the moment of inertia of the uniform
will occur. square lamina PQRS about a line which is
perpendicular to the plane of the lamina and
1 P(XI Y) is given which passes through P.

2 P(XU Y) is given 1 The moment of inertia of the lamina about


PQ is given

27. A car of given mass m, initially moving with 2 The moment of inertia of the lamina about
given speed V on a straight level track, is PR is given
brought to rest by the brakes which exert a
constant retarding force of magnitude F. Find
F. 30. A bag contains just w white balls and r red
balls. Two balls are to be drawn from the bag
1 The car comes to rest in a given time T without replacement. Find the probability that
they will both be white.
2 The car comes to rest in a given distance S
1 w = 2r
28. A projectile fired from a point 0 on a horizon- 2 The total number of balls in the bag is given
tal plane just clears a vertical wall which is
perpendicular to the plane of the projectile's
trajectory. Find the distance of the wall from
0.

1 The speed of projection is given

2 The height of the wall is given

72
Answer keys
<\q,.,.\
...
<\q,.,
\
"1; ,,.,
<\q,., <\q,.,,bl <\q,.,'"' <\q,.,
,'o ,"
<\q,., <\q,.,
,'b ,o, \.~ \.\. \."1; \.,.,
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1 E A c A D B D D B C B C B E
2 D D B E C E c B E D E D A A
3 A c A D B D A E A C A B E B
4 B E D B E c E c D A A A D C
5 c B E C A B B A c E E E C D

6 E A A E E A c E A A C E D B
7 D B E B B D A B B E B B A A
8 A c B D D c E D c B E D E C
9 B E c A E c B A D B C A C C
10 c E B c c D A E E D D C B B

11 D D D C E D D c A E B A B A
12 E c E E C D B B B D C B B E
13 A D A A A E B c D A B E D B
14 B A D D A B c D c B D D A D
15 B B E A D A E A E C A A E B
16 D E c C B c D E D A D A D D
17 A c D B B A E A A E A E B C
18 c D B B C c c E E C E B A A
19 E B A B A E A B c C D C C A
20 c D A E C c A B B D C C E E
21 D E A B B B A c B B E E A D
22 c B B D c E c A c c c c E B
23 E A D A A B B E B A c D B E
24 A D C B E D D D E E A E c A
25 B E B E D A c c D D c B D c
26 A A E c B E A B B A D D B E
27 B E A A E A B E A E D B D A
28 D D A c c c E B c D E c D E
29 E B E D D D D D E B A E c A
30 c B C E A c E A D c D c E D

74