advanced mathematics
Multiplechoice tests in
advanced mathematics
C. Plumpton, Ph.D.
Moderator in Mathematics, University of London
School Examinations Department; formerly Reader in Engineering
Mathematics, Queen Mary College, University of London
E. Shipton, B.Sc.
Teachermoderator in Advancedlevel Mathematics,
University of London School Examinations Department
formerly Deputy Head, Owen's School,
Potters Bar
Macmillan Education
London and Basingstoke
A note on using this book
The rubrics for answering questions in the
various sections of the tests do not precede
each section as they would do in real
examination papers. Instead, in order to
conserve space in the book, a pullout section
with rubrics printed on it is included at the end.
When the book is being used the pullout can
be kept extended and the rubrics read by the
student as needed as he works through the
tests.
This is a practical if unusual approach and
one that saves considerable repetition and
wasted space in the main body of the book.
SECTION I
D ix c {x: x > 3}
2. ! (x Vxl) =
5. Jtan x dx =
A 2v'x
A In cos x + constant
x + 1
B sec2x + constant
xv'x B
c 3x  1 c In sec x + constant
2v'x
D In cosec x + constant
x + 1
D
2xv'x E In sin x + constant
3x  1
E
2xv'x n
6. L ,2 =
r=l
3. cos ('IT + 0) ~
A n(n + 1)/2
A  cos 0
B n 2(n + 1)2/4
B cos 0
c n(n + l)(n + 2)/3
c sin 0
D n(n + 1)(2n + 1)/3
D  sin 0
E n(n + 1)(2n + 1)/6
E l+cos0
1
7. z 2 +1= 10. Given that x = a is an approximation to a root
of the equation f(x) = 0, then, in general, a
A (z + l)(z  1) closer approximation is given by
B (z + 1)2 f(a)
A x =a+ f'(a)
C (z + i) 2
f'(a)
B x=a+
D (z + i)(z  i) f(a)
f(a)
E none of the above c x =a  f'(a)
f'(a)
8. The first two terms in the binomial expansion D x =a f'(a)
1 2
of 3x _ 2 , where lxl < 3 , in ascending
f'(a)
E x =a  f(a)
powers of x are
1 3x
c 
2 ' 4
B  24i  9j
1 2x c 3
D 3+9
D  33
1 2
E
3x' + 9x 2 E 30
B x  3
0(1,1) c x +3
D 3x  1
PQRS is a parallelogram. The coordinates of R
are E 4x  3
A (3, 1)
B (4, 1)
c (4, 2)
D (3, 2)
E (2, 1)
2
16. sin 9 + v'3 cos 9 = r cos (9 + a),
where r > 0 and  ,,./2 ~ a ~ ,,./2.
2 1
A x3x+2 A r = 2, a= ,,./6
1 B r = 2, a= 11'/3
x3
c r = 2, a=  11'/3
c 9 4
S(x  2) S(x + 3) D r = 2, a=  11'16
D 4 9 E r = 4, a=  11'16
5(x  2) 5(x + 3)
E 1 2 17.
y
x+2+x3
14. G iven
. t hat cos2x = 25
16 , wh ere x E R an d
,,. ~ x ~ 211', then the possible value(s) of sin x
is (are)
y = sin x cos x
3
A 5 only
3 x
B  only
5
The area, in square units, of the shaded region
is
c _1__
5
1
A
3 2
D  only
4
1
B
4
E _1__
4
c 1
15. Given that x = t 2 , y = t 3 , then D ,,./2
dx
dy =
1
E
1 8
A
2
B 3t 18. The roots of the equation x 2  4x + 7 = 0 are
a and 13. An equation whose roots are
a/13 and 13/a is
c 3t
2
A 7x2  2x  7 =0
D 2t
3 B 7x2 + 2x + 7 = 0
3 C 7x 2  2x +7 =0
E 2t
D 7x2  30x + 7 = 0
3
19. Which one of the following is an odd function 20. Given that
of x? lg(y + 2) + 2lg x = 1,
then y =
A f: x ~ lxl 3
B f: x ~ sin 2x
C f : x ~ (1  x) 5 B _1___2
x
E f :x ~  sin 2x
c 10  2
x2
D ~ 2
E 8  x2
SECTION II
1
1
= 12
,2
cosx
+t 1 lzl = 1
. 2t 2 zz* = 1
2 smx = 1   2
 t
3 z + z* =0
dx 2
3
dt 1 ,2 25. f(x) = x 3 + 3x  5.
4
27. 3x = 172. 29. f and g are functions of x defined for x E R.
It is necessarily true that
1 x = log 3 172
1 f1 = _1_
f
2 516=3l+x
2
3 344 = 32x
5
Test 2
Time allowed: 1 hour
SECTION I
B 0
E f: x H sin 2x
c 'IT0
3. y = x(3 + x2)7
dy
= E 011'
dx
A 14x(3 + x2) 6
6. The coefficient of x 3 in the expansion in
B 14x2 (3 + x2) 6 ascending powers of x of (1 + x) 112 is,
for lxl < 1,
C (3 + 15x2) (3 + x 2) 6
1
A
D (x 2 + 7x + 3) (3 + x2) 6 16
5
c 16
5
D
16
1
E
8
6
7. J 21
3 + 2x dx
1 =
11. The general solution of the differential equa
tion
dy y
dx =~
A ln 7 is, P being an arbitrary constant,
B ! ln 7 A x2  y2 = p
C 2 ln 7 B y = Pex
D ! ln (7/5) 1 1
c x2y2=P
2
E 2  72
D y = Px
5
D !(a + 3) and!(~ + 3) B
7
E (a  3) and (~  3)
5
c 7
~ ~
9. OP = 2i  2j + k, PQ = 2i + 2j  k, 5
D
~ 3
IOQI
2
A 2 \! 5 E
7
B 3 \! 2
13. Given that f : x ~ ln ( 1 + x) for x e JR, x >  1,
c 6 then C 1 : x~
D 9 1
A
ln(l + x)
E 4
B  ln(l + x)
10. The complete set of values of x for which c e<x1)
x 2 + 5x + 6 > 0,
where x e JR, is
A JR E e<t+x)
B {x : x < 1} U {x : x > 6}
C {x :  2 <x< 3}
E {x : x <  3} U { x : x >  2}
7
14. y 16 In 40 =
. In 8
A In 5
B In 32
C In40In8
D l+In(+)
0 rr/2 x
E none of the above
The area, in square units, of the shaded region
is
17. The number of roots, which lie in the range
'IT 0 ~ 0 ~ 2rr, of the equation 4 sin 0 = sin 20, is
A
4
A 0
1
B B 2
2
c 3
c 
'IT
4
1
2
D 4
D 1
E more than 4
'IT
E 
2
18. Given that the expression (x 3 + ax2 + b) has
factors (x  1) and (x + 2), then
A a= 7/3, b=413
15. The gradient of the tangent to the curve
~ = (x  2)/(x  1) at the point where x = 3 B a= 4/3, b =  7/3
lS
C a = 7/3, b = 4/3
1
A
4 D a= 3, b =  4
1 E a=  3, b=4
B
4
3 19. Z1 = 2  i, Z2 = 3 + 4i.
c 4
1
1~:1 2 =
D
2 A VS
E
3 B 5
125
4
c 
9
D (2 +5llir
E (10; Sir
8
20. Which one of the following could be the graph
of In lxl?
D y
A y
0 x
B y E
0 x
SECTION II
1
21. In an arithmetic series of 9 terms, the first term 22 (x + l)(x + 2)(x + 3) 
is 5 and the last term is 23.
~p+~+~R.
1 The common difference is 2 x+l x+2 x+3
3 R =+
9
23. f(x) = esin x. 28.
p
1 f(O) =1
2 f'(O) = 1
3 f'(O) =1
Q~~~~~~~~~~~R
p
24. Which of the points with the given coordinates
lie(s) outside the circle
(x  7) 2 + (y  3) 2 = 25? Area of triangle PQR is A.
1 (0, 0) . p p sin Q
1 sm =~~~
q
2 (4, 7)
2 . P
sm A
3 (3, 5) =~
qr
3 cos p = P2  q2  r2
25. The parametric equations of a curve are x = t, 2qr
y = llt 2
1 The curve is symmetrical about the xaxis 29. The vertices P, Q, R, S of the quadrilateral
PQRS have coordinates (1, 2), (3, 1),
2 The curve has just one asymptote (6, 3), (2, 6) respectively.
1 between 0 and 1
3
2 between 1 and  2
1 z =1 i
2
Z1
10
TEST 3
Time allowed: 1 hour
SECTION I
A 30
B ecos x sin x
B 60
c  e 00s x sin x
c 120
D esin x
D 240
E esin x cos x
E 720
A alb
x + x3
A +constant
B alb x
c bla B 2
1
+ 3 + constant
x
D bla
C x 3 + In x + constant
E c
D 3 + In x + constant
n 3
3. L (2r  1) = E zx2 + In x + constant
r=l
'1T
E
3
11
7. The complete solution set of the inequality 11. The arithmetic mean of a and 13 is 45 and their
x 2 + 4x + 5 > 0, geometric mean is 2. A quadratic equation
where x ~ B, is whose roots are a and 13 is
A 2x2  9x + 4 = 0
B {x: x > 5} B x 2 + 9x + 4 = 0
E R E x2 + 9x  4 = 0
y= A  5rr/6
A e<1+cos x)
B  rr/2
e(lsin x)
B
c  rr/6
c e(l+sin x)
D rr/2
e(lcos x)
D
esin x
E
13. The tangent of the acute angle between the
lines 3x  y + 4 = 0 and x  2y + 5 = 0 is
A 1
A 2 +cos 26
7
B 3  2 cos 26 B
5
c 2  cos 26
c  1
D 2 cos 26  1
D 5
E none of the above
E 7
10. Which one of the following functions is odd 14. Given that the real root of the equation
and of period 2?
x 3  6x2 + l5x  13 = 0
A sin (rrx/2) lies in the interval [n, n + 1] where
n e :Z, then n =
B sin (rrx)
A 2
C cos (rrx)
B 1
x sin (rrx)
D
c 0
E sin (rrx) + cos(rrx) D 1
E 2
12
15. Given that 18. The point P in the Argand diagram represents
In x = p, In y = q, In z = r, the complex number 4 + 3i. The tangent of the
where x, y, z e R+, then angle made by 0 P with the imaginary axis is
3
A
4
ap + bq
A 4
er B
3
B pa+ qb  re
3
c 5
abpq
c er 4
D
paqb 5
D Cr
5
E
4
E ap + bq  er
D y=Pcosx
3
D
v(l  9x 2 ) E Y =p esecx
2
1
E
13
SECTION II
3 y against x'1
14
29. f(x) = f(2a  x), where a is a positive constant. 30. The curve y = xl(x + 2) has
1 f(x) is a periodic function 1 only one asymptote
3 J2a f(x)dx =
0
2 f
0
f(x)dx 3 no inflexions
15
Test 4
Time allowed: 1 hour
SECTION I
1. pxq2x =?,where p, q, r E JR+. 4. Given that a and 13 are the roots of the
x= equation
px2 + qx + r = 0,
3 ln r where pqr 4= 0, then
A
ln p + 2 ln q
1 1

a213+a132
 
ln r
B
lnp+lnq
pq
A 7
1
c 3 (3 ln r  ln p  2 ln q)
B
3 ln r
D
2 ln (pq)
C q2  2pr
,2
r
E
(pq2)1/3
D q2 + 2pr
,2
3  2i
2. z = 2  3i .
E _ _!L
lz*I = r
2
c 3 B evx'
3
D C (ln x) 113
2
1
E 1 D 3lnx
6. y = x2cos x.
A 1, + X, tx2 dy =
dx
B 1,  x, ! x2 A 2x cos x
B  x 2 sin x
c 1, + x,  l x2
c x 2cos x  2x sin x
D 1, + x, + tx2 D 2x cos x + x 2 sin x
E 1,  x, + fx 2 E 2x cos x  x 2 sin x
16
7. R 10. The complete set of values of x for which
15x2 =s:: 12  llx,
where x e R, is
A {x : x :s::  4}U{x : x ~ H
o
B {x : x =s::  t}U{x : x ~ 4}
PQR is a straight line and PQ = 2QR.
+ +
OQ = 3i  2j, OR = i + 3j.
+
C {x :  + =s:: x =s:: t}
OP=
D {x :  t :s;: x :s;: 4}
A  i + 8j
B 7i  12j
E {x: t :s;: x :s;: 4}
c 4i  lOj
3
A
4
s. f v(9 ~ 4x2) dx =
B
1
8
A . 1(3X)
31 sm 2 + constant
c 1
9
16
c 21 .
sm _ 1(3x)
2 + constant
3
E
4
D 21 .
sm 1 (2x)
3 + constant
A (7,  3) B 3t
B (7, 3)
c 3fo
c (9, 3)
D (6,  3) D 2lo
17
i47 17. A solution of the differential equation
13. :z9 =
l
dy = 2xy + 2x
dx
A 1
is
B 1
x2
A e
c 1
B ex2  1
D
c ex2 +1
D 2ex2 + 2
A a=  1, b = 5 18.
B a= 1, b =  5 y
C a=  2, b = 10
y = X"
D a= 2, b =  6
E a=  2, b = 6
is
The volume, in cubic units, of the solid
3 generated when the shaded region is rotated
A
10 completely about Oy is
3
B
8 A rr/9
1
c 
2 B rr/3
9 c
D 2rr/3
10
1 D rr/15
E 
4
E 8rr/9
c y = x4 c cos 60  cos 20
D y = x3 D sin 60  sin 20
18
20. In which one of the labelled regions does the
point with coordinates (4, 3) lie?
A p
B Q
C R
D S
E T
2xy 6 0
SECTION II
T
'lT
2 cuts the xaxis in 3 distinct points 2 le+ ls=
d dv du 24 f( ) = (x + 3)(x  2)
1  (uv) = u + v 
dx dx dx x (x + 4)
dv du
uv 1 f(x) = x  3 + 6
x +4
2 !(~)= dx vi dx
2 f(x) < 0 when  3 < x < 2
19
25. z = (cos 0 + i sin 0)/(cos <I>  i sin<!>), where 29. A
0 < 0 < 7T/4, 0 < <I> < 7T/4.
I arg z = (0  <I>)
2 Im z = sin(0  <!>)
3 lzl = 1
a
26. The curve represented by the parametric
For the triangle ABC,
equations
x = _E_, y = at 2 , where a> 0, I a2 + c2  b2 = 2ac cos B
t
I is a parabola 2 the area of the triangle is i be cos A
2 is symmetrical about Oy 3 a sin A = b sin B
3 has an asymptote y = 0
~   2'
28 . Sln .... 1 sin 2~
.... =  \/2
3
\/3
I cos a= 2
1
2 cos2a=z
1
3 cos4a=
2
20
TEST 5
Time allowed: 1 hour
SECTION I
1. The period of the function f, where 4. The complete set of the real values of k for
which the equation
f :x ~ 2 sin ( ~  ; ), XE JR, x 2 +kx+2k=O
has real distinct roots is
is
A {k: k > 8}
A 11'
B {k: k < O}
B 11'13
c {k: 0 ~ k ~ 8}
c 311'
D {k : k ~ O}U{k : k ~ 8}
D 611'
E {k : k < O}U{k : k > 8}
E 1111'/2
A i2j+2k 4
B
3
B _l_ (Si  2j  6k)
V65 c 1
D In 3
c Hi  2j + 2k)
E  In 3
D t.(i  2j + 2k)
6. The gradient of that diameter of the circle
x 2 + y2 + 6x  By = 0
E H i + 2j  2k) which is perpendicular to the line joining the
centre of the circle to the origin is
3. Given that x = t  sin t, y = 1  cos t, then
4
dy 
A
3
dx 
3
A tan(t/2) B
4
B cot(t/2) 4
c 3
c  cot(t/2)
5
1  sin t D
D 4
1cost
3
E  tan(t/2) E
4
21
7. Given that 9. Given that x ER, y ER,
f: x ~ 2x,
g:x~3x4,
e>'dy = ex
dx
for x e R, then
flg1: x ~ and y = 0 when x = 0, then, when x =  1,
1 A y = 1
A
2x(3x  4)
B y = ln(e  2)
x+4

B
6 c y=  1
x+8 D y=l+ln2
c 6
E y cannot be found
1
D
6x  8
10. Given that
3x  4
E 1+ i i
2
x
= y + i'
where x, y E R, then
8.
y = tan x
y A x = 0, y = 1
B x = 0, y = 1
c x = 2, y = 1
D x =  2, y = 1
0 7r/4 x
11. The number of ways in which n books can be
chosen from (m + n) different books is
A 1 B (m + n)!  m!
B ln 2 C (m + n)!  n!
C  In 2 D (m + n)!
m!
D i In 2 (m + n)!
E
m!n!
E  i ln2
22
12. The coefficient of x 2 in the binomial expansion 16. The general solution of the differential
of (1  x) 5 is equation
A  15
dy 2(y + 1)
dx = x
B  10 is, N being a constant,
c + 10
D + 15 B y = Nx 2  1
E + 20 c y = N(x 2  1)
00
er D y = x 2 + Nx
13. L
r=l
E y = Nx2  2x
1
A =
e 1
17. Given that x = cos 2t, y = tan t, then,
e when t = 1T/4,
B 
e  1
c  e+11
A 2
e
D  B 2
e+1
D 4
14. The roots of the equation 2x2 + 7x + 3 = 0 are
a and~ An equation whose roots are 2a + ~ E  i
and a+ 2~ is
A 2y 2 + 21y + 52 = 0 18.
y
B 2y 2  21y + 52 = 0
c 2y 2  21y  52 =0
D 2y 2 + 21y  52 = 0 x
E 2y 2 + 21y  48 =0
15. The complete set of values of x for which The equation of the curve shown could be
Ix  21 < 12xl ,
where x E R, is
x
B {x: i <x< 2} c y=
1 + x2
C {x : x <  2}U{x : i <x< 2}
x2
D {x : x <  2}U{x : x > i}
D Y = 1 + x4
23
19. The number of solutions, which lie in the range 20. (2i + 3j + k).(i  4j + k) =
0 ~ x ~ 211', of the equation
2 sin2x + 7 sin x + 6 = 0, A 2i  12j + k
where x E JR, is
B 9
A 0
c  9
B 1
D 9i
c 2
E  9i
D 4
SECTION II
21. z = x + iy, where x, y E JR and xy * 0. 24. Which of the following are (is a) geometric
series?
1 z z* is real
1 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2r + 1) + ...
2 z + z* is real
2 1+4+9+ ... +r2+ ...
z*
3  is real
z 1 1 1 1
3 4 + M + 64 + ... + 22' + ...
J [f(x) 
b
2 f"(a) =0 1 g(x)]dx = P  Q
a
3 f'(a  h) and f'(a h), where h is small,
J ([f(x)]
+ b
are of like sign 2 2  [g(x)]2) dx = p 2  Q2
a
24
27. Given that 29. y2 : = 2x.
+
x3 + r = (x +
px2 a) 2(x  ~),
where p, r, a, ~ are nonzero constants, then
1 If x > 0 and y < 0, then : <0
1 2a =~
2 y has a minimum when x = 0
2 3a+2p=O
3 y3  3x2 is constant
2 y=lnx
25
Test 6
Time allowed: 1 hour
SECTION I
1. sin 50  sin 90 = 4.
A  2 sin 70 cos 20
B  2 sin 20 cos 70 0
8 cm
c  2 cos 70 cos 20
D 2 sin 20 sin 70
The minor arc PQ is of length 3 cm. The major
E 2 sin 20 cos 70 arc QRP is of length 8 cm.
LPOQ =
2. The modulus of (1  i) 6 is
A 3
Bra d"1ans
A 1
8 33 d"
E D 211" ra 1ans
10
E 811" rad"tans
TI
3. L
r=l
(2r) 2 =
3
c 256
3
D
64
3
E
256
26
6. y 9. An equation of the straight line which passes
through the point (1, 0) and through the centre
of the circle
x2 + y 2  lOx + 4y = 0
is
0 3rr/2 x A x  3y  1 =0
B x  2y  1 = 0
c x + 2y  1 =0
The total area, in square units, of the shaded
D 2x+y+2=0
regions is
E 2x+y8=0
A 3
B 1
d
10. dx cos (x2 ) =
c 1
A sin (x2)
D 2
B  sin (x2 )
E 2
c cos 2x
D  2x sin (x2)
7. The complete solution set of the inequality
E 2x sin (x 2)
2lxl > Ix  lj,
where x E JR, is
D !<x<!
8. The complex number z has modulus 20 E 2<x<2
and argument tan 1 (  4/3), where
 7T/2 < arg z < rr/2.
z= 12. Given that f(x) ::::: ex, for x E R+, then
C 1(x) =
A 12 + 16i
B 16 + 12i
c 12  16i
C In x
D 16  12i
D  lnx
E  16  12i
27
13. The equation 2x2 + 5x  6 0 has roots 16. The points P, Q and R are collinear.
a and 13. ~
OP= 3i + j  k,
Q'.2 + 132 = ~
OQ = i  2j + k,
~
1 OR= 2i + pj + qk.
A
4
A p =  3, q = 2,
13
B
4 B p =  3!, q = 2,
c 25 c p =  !, q = 0,
4
D p = 3, q =  2,
37
D
4 E p=!,q=2
49
E
4 17. Given the following two statements,
(1) x 2 < 1,
14. The radius of a sphere is increasing at a con (2) x < 1,
stant rate. When the radius is 20 cm, the rate of where x e R, which one of the following
increase of the surface area is 30 cm 2 s 1 . At statements is always true?
this moment the rate of increase of the volume,
in cm 3s 1 , is A (1) => (2) but (2) =f? (1)
E 3
18. JIn x dx =
15. Given that 1
A  + constant
ex x
f: x ~ _1___ ' x ER+,
 ex
then C 1 : x~ B x ln x + constant
c x ln x  x + constant
A In (x: 1 ) 1
D  ln x + constant
x
B ln(x;l)
E x ln x + x + constant
x
c 
x + 1
1  ex
D ex
ex
E
1  ex
28
19. Given that a> 0 and b2 < ac, a sketch of the
D y
curve y = ax 2 + 2bx + c, could be
0 x
A
y
x E
B
y
0 x
SECTION II
2 +i
21. z = 2~. 22. The solutions of the equation
 l
2x3 +6x 2 l=O
can be found from the intersections of the two
1 lzl = 1 graphs
3
2 Rez =  y = 2x 3 and y = 6x 2 1
5 1 
1T
3 arg z = 4 1
2 y = 6  2 and y = 2x
x
3 y = x 2 (x + 3) and y = i
29
23. In which of the following differential equations 27. Given that y = a : bx , where a, b are
can the variables be separated? nonzero constants, then a straight line graph is
obtained by plotting
1 y 2 (1 + x) ~ = (1  y)x2
1 . 1
1 agamst
x y
2 xdy +y = 1 y2
dx 2 L against y
x
dy 2
3 x=x+y x .
dx 3 agamstx
y
24. In the geometric series 28. A vector equation of the line l is
r = (2i + 6k) + t(3i + 4k),
x : l +(x:1)2+(x:1)3+ ... , where t is a parameter.
where x ER+,
1 I passes through the origin 0
1 each term of the series is less than 1 2 I is perpendicular to Oy
25. f : x ~ ex and x, y E R +. 19
1 L 2r 2 = 2S
1 f(x + y) = f(x) f(y) r=lO
19
2 rt(xy) = r1(x) + r1(y) 2 L (r 2 + 1) =S + 9
r=lO
2 (x  2) is a factor of f(x)
1 f(2x) = (f(x)] 2  (g(x)] 2
3 (x2 + 4) is a factor of f(x) g(2x) = 2 f(x) g(x)
2
3  1<g(x)<1
f(x)
30
Test 7
Time allowed: 1 hour
SECTION I
I. An equation of a circle, with radius r and 4. Given that tan a = 3/4 and tan 13 = 413, where
centre (a, b), is a and 13 are both acute, then sin(a + 13) =
A x2 + y2 = ,2 _ 02 _ b2 7
A
5
B x 2 + y 2 + ax + by = r 2  a 2  b 2
24
C x2 + y2  ax  by = ,2  a2  b2 B
25
D x 2 + y 2  2ax  2by = r 2  a 2  b 2 7
c 25
E x 2 + y 2 + 2ax + 2by = r 2  a 2  b 2
D 0
2. The complete solution set of the inequality E 1
Ix  ll > lxl ,
where x E JR, is
A {x: x > !}
D {x: x < O}
C sin 1 ( ~ ) + constant
E none of the above
D +In (+  x 2) + constant
1  2cos20
3.
1  2sin20 =
E +In(~~;~)+ constant
A  1
cos e  sine d
B 6. dx (In tan x) =
cos e +sine
cos e + sine
c cos e  sine
A ln(sec2x)
B cot x
sin0cos0
D
sin0+cos0 2
c sin 2x
tan20  1
E
tan 20 + 1 1
D
sin 2x
E secx
31
7. Given that the roots of the quadratic equation 10.
ax2 + bx + c = 0, y
where abc ;:/= 0, are a and ~,then the roots of
the equation
l6cx2 + 4bx + a = 0
are
1 1
A and y = 11./X
4a 4~
1 1
B  and  
4a 4~ 0 1 e x
c aa n d~
4 4 The volume, in cubic units, generated when
the shaded region is rotated completely about
4 4
D and Ox is
a ~
A 'TT
E 4a and 4~
B 7r(l  e 2 )
c 2(e 112  1)
5 i
s. 4  3i = D 'TTe
A + (23 + lli)
E 7r(e  1)
B + (23 + lli)
11. The general solution of the differential
equation
dy +y = 1
c  1 (23  lli)
7
dx
is, P being an arbitrary constant,
D __!_ (23  lli)
25 A 2x + (1  y) 2 = P
B 2x  (1  y) 2 = P
E 215 (23 + lli)
C y = 1 + Pex
D y =1+ Pex
9. Given that
(lg x) 2  4(lg x) +3 = 0, E y = Pex  1
where x e lR +, then
x=
12. The number of different permutations of the
A 1or3 letters of the word ROTTEN is
B 10 or 1000 A 6!
c 1or1000 B (6!)/2
1 1 c (5!) x 2
D 10 or 1000
D 5!
1
E 10 or 1000 E (5!)/2
32
13. The sum to infinity of a geometric progression 16. Given that
of positive terms is 3. When the second term of 3x 1
the progression is subtracted from the first 9>' = 27 and 5x = sy+l
term the result is 4/3. The common ratio of the
progression is where x, y e R, then y
A
1 A = 4
4
B 4
1
B
3 c = 3
c 4 D = 4/3
9
E cannot be found
1
D
2
A 0
14. Given that a = (3i + 4j), b = (2i j),
x = (i + 5j) and x = sa + th, B 2
then the scalars s and t are given by
c 4
A s =  1, t=  1
D 6
B s = 1, t =1
E more than 6
c s = 1, t = 1
D s = 1, t =1
E s = \/5, t = 5 18. x  1 ) < O for all finite values of x in the
x(x + 1
3
1T
D 2nir 
1T
E 2nir  6
33
1 D
19. The graph of y = x   could be
x
A y
B E
y
2 tan e
A
1 + tan 2e
B 2 sine cos e
cos20  sin 2e
C tan 20
D 2 cote
cot20  1
2 sin 0 cos 0
E
2 cos 2 e  1
SECTION II
1
21. The graph of y = x +  22. f(x) a x3  x2  x + 1.
x
1 If x > 0, then f(x) > 0
1 does not intersect either coordinate axis
2 (x  1) is a factor of f(x)
2 has point symmetry about the origin
3 f(x) = 0 for just two distinct real
3 has two asymptotes
values of x
34
23. 26. A plane passes through the point with position
y vector a and is parallel to each of the non
parallel vectors b and c. The normal to the
y = f(x)
plane is in the direction of the unit vector n.
3 n. (b  c) =o
The shaded region bounded by the curve
y = f(x), the coordinate axes and the line
x=a
1 has area f f(x)dx square units
r[
0
dy x
2 generates volume 1T f(x) ]2 dx cubic 2 =
dx y
0
units when rotated completely about Ox
3 xy > 0 for all t
ff( a)
3 generates volume 1T ), x 2dy cubic units
f(O)
3 In x against ln y
29. The first, third and last terms of an arithmetic
progression are 2, 8 and 56 respectively. For
this progression
25. Which of the following equations could be
solved graphically by finding the intersec 1 the tenth term is 29
tion(s) of the curve y = In x and a suitably
chosen straight line? 2 the number of terms is 18
1 3 the sum of the terms of the progression is
1 lnx = 
x 522
2 ln x = 3
1 k e z+
2 lal < 1, k < 0
35
Test 8
Time allowed: 1 hour
SECTION I
2
1. Given that x e JR. and 2e2x  3ex + 1 = 0, then 4 r x dx=
J(x3 + l)112
A x = 1 or!
A ! In (x3 + 1) 112 + constant
B x = 0 or In 2
C x = 1 or  In 2 B i In (x 3 + 1) 112 + constant
D x = 0 or  In 2
C i (x3 + 1) 112 + constant
E x cannot be found
D + (x 3 + 1) 112 + constant
2. The gradients of the tangents from the origin to
the circle
x 2 + y 2 + lOy + 16 = 0, E ! (x 3 + 1) 112 + constant
are
3. Given that x e JR., which one of the following is 6. The general solution of the differential
not an even function of x? equation
A f: x ~ l3xl dy +x+ 2 = 0
dx y + 2
B f: x ~ sin 2x is, P being an arbitrary constant,
C f:x~cosx A x2  y2 + 4x  4y =P
B x2  y2 + 2x  2y = P
E f : x ~ (x  1) 2 p
c y+2=
x+2
D x2 + y2 + 2x + 2y = P
E x2 + y2 + 4x + 4y = P
36
7 r (4x+3)(2x+5) 10. The n.umber of 4 letter code words which can
' x~~ (x + 3)(x + 5) be made using the letters P, Q, R, S, if
repetitions are allowed, is
A = 15
A 16
B 8
B 24
c 1
c 64
D 0
D 128
E does not exist
E 256
1 A !p + !q
B  2t 2
B 3p  2q
1
c 4t 2 c pq
D D !p + ~q
E 2p  q
E
B 2nrr rr/3
B
C nrr + (  1) n + rr/3
1
1
D nrr  rr/6 c 2e(V3)/2
E e 112
37
13. 15. An equation of the tangent to the circle
y x2 + y2  2x + 3y = 0
at the origin is
A 2x  3y =0
B 3x + 2y = 0
1 x c 2x + 3y = 0
I
D 3x  2y = 0
A 5000
B 4900
c 2550
D 2500
E 2450
38
19. The number of solutions, which lie in the range 20. Given the following two statements,
O :s:= 6 :s:; 41T, of the equation (1) (x  2)(3  x) < 0,
cos 2 6  3 cos 6 + 2 = 0 (2) x > 3,
is where x e R, which one of the following state
ments is always true?
A 2
A (1) => (2) but (2) ~ (1)
B 3
B (2) => (1) but (1) ~ (2)
c 4
c (1) <=> (2)
D 5
D (1) ~ (2) and (2) ~ (1)
E more than 5
E None of the above
SECTION II
21. (x + iy) 2 = 3 + 4i, where x, ye R. 24. The loci whose equations are
(x  2y  2) + A(y + 2) = 0,
1 x2 + y2 =3 where A is a variable parameter,
3 PY  qx > 0
qy
39
27. f and g map JR into JR. 29. x = 1+ cos 2 0  cos 4 0,
f(x) =cos x, y = 1 + sin 2 0  sin 4 0.
g(x) = x 3
1 xy=O
1 gf is an odd function
2 fg is a periodic function
3 x = 1 + ! sin 2 20
3 The range of gf is [  1, 1]
40
Test 9 (Further Mathematics)
Time allowed: 1 hour
SECTION I
B y = coshx
4.
c y=tanhx
Before 2u u
8 8
~ ~
D y = sech x impact
E y = cosech x
After
2. The general solution of the differential impact ~ ~
equation v, V2
C y = (P + xQ)ex12 C 4u/3
D y = (P + xQ)e2x D 2u/3
E y = (P + xQ)ex12 E 0
41
5. The graph of y = ln(l + x 2 ) could be D
y
A
y
E y
B
y
0 x
A sin x
0 x
B cosec x
c ecot x
D cosx
E sec x
A a straight line
B a circle
c a parabola
D an ellipse
E a hyperbola
42
9. Four coins are to be tossed simultaneously. 10. A particle moves along Ox with velocity v,
The probability that there will be an odd where v = kx.3 and k is a constant. At time
number of tails is t = 0, x = a, where a > 0. Then
kt=
2
A
5 A (x2  a2)/(a2x2)

1 B (x 4  a4 )/(3a4x4 )
B
8
c (a 4  x 4 )/(3a4x4 )
1
c 4 D (a2  x 2)/(2a2x2)
1 E (x2  a2)/(2a2x 2)
D
2
5
E
8
SECTION II
11. z 1 and z 2 are complex numbers. 14. The probability density function p(x) of a
random variable X is such that p(x) = 0 for
1 lz1  z2I ;:?: lz1I  lz2I x :s::; 0 and for x ;:?: a.
lz1 + z2I :s::; lz1I + lz2I 1 The mean of the distribution is a/2
r
2
2 p(x)dx = 1
0
1 1
f x 2 p(x)dx  [f xp(x)dx ]2
1 Ur= 7 r + 1
15.
00
43
SECTION III
16. For the differential equation 18. 1 X and Y are independent events
d2y
d.x2 + ny = 12x, 2 P(Y) = P(XIY)
where n is a constant,
19. P, Q and Rare nonsingular 3 x 3 matrices.
1 the complementary function is of the form
Pe2x+Qe2x 1 S = PQR
2 the particular integral is 3x
17. Forces F., F2 , F3 act at the points with position 20. A particle P falls freely in a resisting medium,
vectors r., r 2 , r 3 respectively, where Fi, F 2 , F 3 , where v is the speed and k is a constant.
ri, r 2 , r 3 are nonzero.
l The terminal speed of Pis v'(g/k)
1 The forces are in equilibrium
2 The resistance of the medium to the
motion of P is of magnitude kv 2 per unit
mass
SECTION IV
0
dv
23. dt = a + bt + c cos(2'1Tt).
Find the value of v when t = 2.
1 f(x) is periodic with period 4
1 v is given when t =0
2 f(x) is an even function
2 v is given when t =  !
3 f(x) = x for 0 :s;;; x < 2
3 v is given when t = i
4 f(x) = 4  x for 2 :s;;; x < 4
4 vis given when t = 1
22. Find the least distance between P and Q.
24. Determine the number of real roots of the
1 The velocity of P relative to R is given
equation f(x) = 0, where
2 The velocity of Q relative to R is given f(x) = x3 + ax2 + bx + c,
a, b, c e Z, p, q e R and p #: q.
3 The velocity of R is given
=0
~
4 At time t = 0, the vector PQ is given 1 f'(p)
2 f'(q) = 0
3 f(p) > 0
4 f(q) <0
44
25. Find the kinetic energy of a uniform, solid,
circular cylinder which is rotating about a
generator with constant angular speed.
SECTION V
26. Prove that the equation 29. Find the range of a projectile on the horizontal
z3 + az + b = 0, plane through its point of projection.
where a,b E JR, has only one real root.
1 The height of the highest point above the
point of projection is given
1 a> 0
2 The time of flight is given
2 b > 0
27. Show that events X and Y are independent. 30. Show that the series L u,.xn is convergent,
n=l
1 PQ is given
2 PS is given
45
Test 10 (Further Mathematics)
Time allowed: 1 hour
SECTION I
B i sin 0 + i sin 30 4
A
5
c 2 cos 0 + 2 cos 30
8
2i sin 0 + 2i sin 30 B
D 5
E 2 cos 0 + 2 cos 3 0 1
c 507r
2x3
B 1+x+x 2 + 3 5. A sphere X, of mass m and moving with speed
u, collides directly with a stationary sphere Y
of mass A.m. After impact, sphere Xis at rest
and sphere Y has speed v. The coefficient of
restitution between the spheres is
x3
D x + x2 + 3 A v!(A.u)
x3 B A.u!v
E x+x 2 
3
C A.v!u
D ulv
3. The complete set of real values of x for which
cosh x >2 sinh xis E v/u
B {x : x < ln3}
C {x : x < ! ln3}
D JR
E {x: x < O}
46
Ji
x D I
6. The graph of y = 1 _ x 2 could be y I
A y j\_
)!
0
1 1 x
I I
1
I
!(x E y
B y I
i~ \: :r
\i
11 x
I
I
\i
8.
f v'3)/2 x
v(l  x 2 ) dx =
0
B 8a. F c 1
C 8(a. F)F D rr/3
1
E
2
E 8a x F
47
9. At time t, the position vector r of a moving 10. A lamina of mass M rotates with angular speed
particle P, relative to a fixed point 0 in the w about an axis perpendicular to its plane. The
plane of the motion, satisfies the equation moment of inertia of the lamina about the axis
is /. Then the ratio of the kinetic energy of the
d2r
dt2 + nzr = 0, lamina to the magnitude of the moment of
momentum of the lamina about the axis
where n is a positive constant. At time t = 0,
A is /w: 2M
dr
r =a, dt = v.
B is 2M: /w
Then r =
C is 2: w
A a sin nt  (v/n) cos nt
D isw:2
B a cos nt + (v/n) sin nt
E cannot be found from the given informa
c a sinh nt + (v/n) cash nt tion
SECTION II
x2
11. For the curve y = 14. x and y are functions of t and dots denote
x
2
+ 3x + 2 differentiation with respect to t.
1 the line x = 2 is an asymptote
1
dy
=~
y
dx x
2 the line x = 1 is an asymptote
2
dx x
3 the line y = 1 is an asymptote dy y
d2y
12. Given that events X and Y are independent 3 dx2 =
L
and P(X) = 02, P(Y) = 03,
x
then
3 1 + w + w2 = 0
1 f(x) = f 1
x

1
t
dt
2 f(x) < x
48
SECTION III
1 lvl = w\/(a 2  x 2 )
17. a, be JR and ab =I= 0.
2 The period of the motion is 2rr/w
1 a< b
constants.
18. a is a nonzero vector and X. is a nonzero
1 p = 1, q = 1
scalar.
2 sin x is a particular integral
1 axi=O
2 a x j = X.k, a x k = X.j
SECTION IV
21. Using 2 strips and the trapezium rule for 23. A light spring, of natural length I and modulus
integration, estimate the value of X., lies on a smooth horizontal table. One end
1 a is given
2 bis given
3 c is given
4 k is given
49
24. A smooth elastic sphere, of mass m, is thrown 25. Given that
vertically downwards with speed V from a Un + aun2 + b = 0
point at a height h above a horizontal table. for n E N, n ;;:;:, 2, find the value of u 10
The coefficient of restitution between the
sphere and the table is e. Find the magnitude of I a is given
the impulse exerted by the plane on the sphere
a,t the first impact. 2 bis given
3 his given
4 e is given
SECTION V
26. Show that the equation 29. Prove that X and Y are independent events.
r =a+ sb + tc,
where a, b, c are constant vectors and s, t are I P(Xn Y) = P(X) . P(Y)
variable scalars, is the equation of a straight
line. 2 P(X I Y) = P(X) . P(Y)
I s= t
30. A uniform circular disc is free to rotate in a
2 s=lt vertical plane about a smooth fixed horizontal
axis which passes through a point on the cir
cumference of the disc. Find the length of the
27. Show that the curve y = f(x) has a point of equivalent simple pendulum.
inflexion at the point [a, f(a)].
I The moment of inertia of the disc about
I f'(a) = 0 the axis is given
I x < 2
2 x > 2
50
Test 11 (Further Mathematics)
Time allowed: 1 hour
The numerical value of g should be understood to be
available for questions in any section if required.
Take gas 10 m s 2 unless otherwise given.
SECTION I
l. e2ie = 4.
A 2cos02isin0
B cos 20  i sin 20 0 0 =0
..
C cos 20  i sin 20
The diagram, shows part of the curve whose
D cos 20 + i sin 20 equation in polar coordinates is r = a cos 220,
where a > 0. The area of the shaded region is
E  2 cos 0  2i sin 0
fr/4
A l a2 cos4 20 d0
0
2. The matrix of a linear transformation of
threedimensional space is B a2
fr/4
cos2 20 d0
c l a2
fr/4
cos2 20 d0
0
This transformation is a reflection in the plane
fr/4
D a2 cos220 d0
A x = 0 0
B y=O E l a2
rr/4
cos 420 d0
1'/4
c z=O
D x+y=O
E xy=O
5. A uniform rod OX, of mass 3m and length 2a,
has a particle of mass m fixed to it at X. The
3. The number of asymptotes of the curve moment of inertia of the system about an axis
which passes through 0 and is perpendicular to
x
OX is >..ma2 , where>..=
Y = (x  l)(x  2)(x  3)
is A 2
A 4 B 7/3
B 3 c 16/3
c 2 D 5
D 1 E 8
E 0
51
6. Forces F and  F act at the points with position 9. The probability that Wendy will win a single
vectors a and a respectively, where F and a game of tennis when playing against Karen is
are nonzero. The system
2
constant and equals 5 The probability that
A is in equilibrium
Wendy will win at least 5 games out of 6 is
B is equivalent to a force 2F acting through
the origin A
(+)6
C is equivalent to a couple of moment 2a x F
B
9(+)6
D is equivalent to a couple of moment a x F
C maV
D 5maV/4
52
SECTION II
SECTION III
. 1
16. The cubic equation f(z) = 0 has real coeffi 18. 1 sm x = T
cients.
1 2  3i is a root 2 COSX = Z
v'3
2 r1
f(x) dx = 2[ f(x) dx
0
53
20. a and b are nonparallel nonzero vectors.
1 lal = lbl
2 (a  b) is perpendicular to (a + b)
SECTION IV
23. Find the coefficient of x 6 in the expansion, in 25. The force (pi + qj) N acts at the point with
ascending powers of x, position vector ri m and the force (pi  qj) N
acts at the point with position vector
In [(1 + ax)/(1 + bx)] + sin ex + edx, (ri + sk) m. Find the total moment of these
where a, b, c, d are constants. two forces about the origin.
3 c is given 3 r is given
54
SECTION V
26. Prove that at least one of the vectors p, q is a 29. Two particles P and Q, of masses 0 1 kg and
null vector. O 2 kg respectively, are attached to the ends of
a light inextensible string and rest on a smooth
1 pXq=O horizontal table with the string taut. A force,
o.!..Jnagnitude F N, acts on P in the direction of
2 p.q=O QP. Calculate the tension in the string PQ.
1 lxl < 1
30. Find the constants p, q, r in the differential
2 lunl < 1 equation
d2y dy
p dx2 + q dx + y = x + r.
~
1 The complementary function is of the form
00
55
Test 12 (Further Mathematics)
Time allowed: 1 hour
The numerical value of g should be understood to be
available for questions in any section if required.
Take gas 10 m s 2 unless otherwise given.
SECTION I
1. The moment of inertia of a uniform circular 3. The force F, where F = (6i + 4j + 5k)N, acts at
disc, of mass m and radius a, about the line l, the point with position vector (4i + 2j + 3k)m.
which is perpendicular to the disc and which The moment, in Nm, of F about the point with
passes through its circumference, is position vector (  3i + 7j + k)m is
c 2i + 2j  4k
D 2ma2 D 2i2j+4k
B 1
B ttan 1 (~) + constant
c 2
C sinh  l ( ~) + constant
D 3
E more than 4
D i 'sinh 1 ( ~) + constant
2(cos 3 1T

31T )
.
E i sinh  i (3;) + constant 5. z =
1
i sm
z+=
z
A 2
B v'3
c !(3  5v'3 i)
D !(5  3v'3 i)
E !(5 3v'3 i)
56
6. The graph of y = ln(l  x 2 ) could be
D
y
A
y
1
v: :v
B
y y
0
I I x
I 0
1 I I1 x
I I
8.
~ + (1 + x)y = x2
lS
The diagram could be a sketch of the curve
with equation, in polar form,
A r=l+cos0
B e<1+x)'12
B r=lcos0
1
c 1+x C r = 1 + sin 0
D r = 1  sin 0
E 1+x
57
9. A particle Pis projected with speed 40 ms 1 at 10. In an experiment the constant probability that
an angle of elevation tan 1('.i). After 2 seconds, a trial will be successful is p. Three trials are to
P is moving in a direction making the angle 0 be made. The probability that not more than
with the upward vertical. Then one will be successful is
tan 0 =
A (1  p)3
A 8
B 3p(l  p) 2
B 2
c (1  p) 2 (1 + 2p)
1
c 2 D p2(3  2p)
1
D 
E p3
8
E none of these
SECTION II
1 Jxy dt=
1
t
Jxdt+
1
t
Jy dt
1
t
1 J >I
f
1 1 1
rr/2
2 Jx" dt=n
I
1
t
Jxdt
1
t I
2
0
sin6x cos6x dx = []
3 Jxly J_ dt = Jx_l_ dt  JY J_ dt
I t I t I. t
12. A particle P of mass 1 kg moves along Ox and 14. Two smooth spheres, of equal radii but un
performs simple harmonic motion of amplitude equal mass, collide.
4 m under the action of a force of magnitude
9 lxl N directed towards the origin 0. 1 The total linear momentum is conserved
58
SECTION III
16. z 1 and z 2 are nonzero complex numbers. 19. For the differential equation
d 2y dy
1 Zt = Zt dx2 + p dx + qy = 0,
1 a general solution is
Pe= + QeJ3x, where a, 13 E R, P and Q
17. x and ye R, and xy=/= 0. are arbitrary constants and a =/= 13.
1 1
2 <
x y
20. The equation of motion of a particle moving
along Ox is
SECTION IV
21. A boy is to be chosen at random from a class of 22. Two beads P and Q, of masses m and A.m
boys. Find the probability that the boy chosen respectively, are threaded on a fixed horizontal
plays rugby. smooth thin circular wire of radius a. The
coefficient of restitution between the beads is
1 The number who play neither rugby nor e. Bead P is projected along the wire with
soccer is given speed v. Find the time which elapses between
the first and second collisions between P and
2 The number who play rugby but not soccer Q.
is given
1 a is given
3 The number who play soccer but not rugby
is given 2 e is given
59
23. a, 13, 'Y are the roots of the equation 25. y
ax3 + bx2 + ex + d = 0, y = f(x)
where a, b, c, d are constants and a * 0. Find
the value of a 2 + 132 + 'Y2.
1 a is given
2 bis given
3 c is given
0 a b x
4 dis given
Find the coordinates of the centroid of the
shaded region.
24. A compound pendulum consists of a rod AB
free to move in a vertical plane with a particle b
attached rigidly to the end B. Find the period 1 J [f(x) ) dx is given
2
2
The mass of the rod is given
SECTION V
1 a= 0
2 b>O
o..::;...._ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __
00
8 =0
27. Show that the series L u,.x" is convergent.
n=l PQ is an arc of the curve r = e28 Calculate the
area of the shaded sector.
1
1 Un= ,for n EN
n. 1 The angle POQ is given
60
29. The position vector of a point on the line of 30. A game is to be played between three players,
action of the force Fm is rm, m = 1, 2, ... , n. Alice, Eva and Jean, in which each player
Show that the system of n forces is in equilib throws an unbiased coin in turn, the winner
num. being the player who first throws a tail. Find
the probability that Eva wins.
n
1 2: Fm= 0 1 Alice throws first
m=l
61
Test 13 (Applied Mathematics)
Time allowed: 1 hour
SECTION I
1. A wheel makes 300 revolutions per minute. 3. Which one of the following is not a vector
The angular speed, in rad s 1 , is quantity?
A 6001T A force
B acceleration
C momentum
D moment of momentum
4.
2.
F2mlfu
p Q R S
rilm~
~ 9 kg
A g/4 D 230
B g E 270
c 15g/4
D 4g
E none of these
62
5. A ship is steaming due north with speed 8. X and Y are mutually exclusive events such
10 km h 1 and collides with another ship that P(X) = P(Y'). Then
steaming due east at 24 km h 1 . Twelve P(XUY) =
minutes before the collision the distance, in
km, between the ships is A P(X). P(Y)
A 26 B P(X)
B 28 C P(Y)
c 52 D 0
D 1872 E 1
E 26
9. The force F acts through the point with posi
tion vector r 1. The moment of F about the
6. The position vectors of P, Q, relative to the point with position vector r 2 is
origin 0, are ( i + j  k), (i  2j + k)
respectively. A unit vector perpendicular to
the plane 0 PQ is
B ..)10 (3i + k)
c \/6
1 (  i  2j + k)
10. A uniform rod PQ, of length 2a, is free to
D  1 ( i + k) rotate in a vertical plane about a smooth horizon
\/2 tal axis through the end P. The rod is released
from rest with PQ horizontal. When Q is
E none of the above vertically below P, the angular speed of the rod
is
E dv = n2x  2kX
dx
63
SECTION II
11. A ball is projected horizontally with speed 13. A particle describes simple harmonic motion
15 m s 1 from the top of a tower of height along Ox about 0 as centre and is instan
20 m and lands on the horizontal plane through taneously at rest at P and Q, where PQ = 2a.
the foot of the tower. At 0 its speed is ka.
2 The distance of the landing point from the 2 The acceleration of the particle at P is of
foot of the tower is 30 m magnitude 2k2a
3 The angle which the velocity of the ball 3 The time to travel once from P to Q is 2rr/k
makes with the horizontal when it strikes
m
the plane is tan  l
dr
14. dt + kr = 0, where k > 0 and r =I= 0.
12. Two equal smooth perfectly elastic spheres
d2r
collide directly. 1 dt2 = k2r
1 The total momentum of the spheres is
dr
unaltered by the collision 2 r x
dt
=0
2 The total kinetic energy of the spheres is
unaltered by the collision 3
1 IFI = 6N
SECTION III
16. A particle is projected from a point of a 17. A particle is free to move on the inside of a
horizontal plane with speed 40 m s 1 . smooth fixed hollow sphere, of internal radius
a and centre 0. The particle moves in a vertical
1 The angle of projection from the horizon plane passing through 0.
tal is 30
1 The maximum speed of the particle ex
2 The range of the particle on the plane is ceeds V(2ga)
40m
2 The particle makes complete circles
64
18. a and b are nonzero, nonparallel vectors, 20. A nonuniform rod PQ, of mass m and length
and r =fo 0. 2a, is free to rotate in a vertical plane about a
1 x=a+b smooth horizontal axis through P.
SECTION IV
After
impact
08 Two particles P and Q, of masses m and M
respectively, are connected by a light rigid rod
and rest on a smooth horizontal table as
The spheres shown collide directly. Calculate shown. A horizontal impulse, of magnitude I
the coefficient of restitution between the and acting in a direction making the angle a
spheres. with PQ produced, is applied to Q. Find the
component of the velocity of Q perpendicular
1 The ratio mlM is given to the rod.
4 I is given
22. A train moves along a straight horizontal track
against a constant frictional resistance. Find its
acceleration.
65
24. Ox, Oy, Oz are mutually perpendicular axes. 25. A particle P moves along Ox and the only force
Find the moment of inertia of a lamina about acting on it is a resisting force of magnitude
Ox. (a + bv)N per unit mass, where a and b are
constants and v is the speed of P at time t. Find v
1 The moment of inertia of the lamina about when t = 2s.
Oy is given
1 When t = 0, vis given
2 The moment of inertia of the lamina about
Oz is given 2 When t = 0, the retardation is given
SECTION V
26. A particle P, of mass 0 1 kg, moves under the 29. A particle is projected from a point on a
action of a single force F. Find the acceleration horizontal plane. Find the maximum height
of P. reached above the plane.
66
Test 14 (Applied Mathematics)
Time allowed: 1 hour
The numerical value of g should be understood to be
available for questions in any section if required.
Take gas 10 m s 2 unless otherwise given.
SECTION I
A 2ma2
PN ~~ A~ PN B 3ma2/2
C ma2
D 3ma2/4
...
0 PN x
E is equivalent to a couple c 1
1
'11'
A m(g + f)
B m(g  f)
C mv(g + f)
D mv(g  f)
E mfv
67
s. p
7. A body falls under gravity against a resistance
of kv 2 per unit mass, where v is the speed and k
is a constant. After time t the body has fallen a
distance s. Then
dv
A v=gkv 2
ds
dv
B v=g+kv 2
dt
d2s
c dt2=g+kv2
dv
D v ds =  (g + kv 2)
68
10. A particle P of mass m is attached fo a fixed
point 0 by a light inextensible string of length a
and describes vertical circles. When OP makes
the angle 9 with the downward vertical, the
tension in the string is of magnitude T.
A Tmgcos9=ma6
B Tmgcos0=ma02
C Tmgsin9=ma6
D Tmgsin0=ma02
E mgcos0T=ma92
SECTION II
dv 13.
11. dt = kv, where k < 0 and v '4: O.
p
1
dv
2 v<0
dt
dv
3 V X=0
dt
K O
12.
Before 2u u
impact + +
A uniform, solid, smooth sphere, with centre 0
and of radius a and mass m, is held in
equilibrium and in contact with a smooth
vertical wall by means of a light inextensible
After string PQ, of length a, attached to a point Pon
+ +
impact v 2v the wall and to a point Q on the surface of the
sphere. The point of contact of the sphere and
the wall is Kand angle KPQ = 0.
Two elastic spheres A and B, of masses m and
2m respectively, collide directly as shown. 1 0 = rr/6
1 v =u 2 The tension in the string is of magnitude
2mg/V3
2 The coefficient of restitution is 1
3 The reaction between the wall and the
3 The kinetic energy before impact was 3mu2 sphere is of magnitude mgV3
69
14. Nonzero forces 3F and  4F act at the points 15. The position vectors of the points A, B, C,
with nonzero position vectors 2a and  a referred to the origin 0, are a, b, c respective
respectively. Their resultant R acts through a ly. Given that OABC is a parallelogram, then
point with position vector b.
1 ab+c=O
1 R+F=O
2 the area of the parallelogram is la x bl
2 The moment of the system about the origin
is2axF ax c.1s a umt. vector perpend"1cu1ar to t he
3 
a.c
3 An equation of the line of action of R is plane. of the parallelogram
i:=F+tb
SECTION III
16. A rigid body is rotating about a fixed axis. 18. A particle moves in a plane but not along a
straight line.
1 The moment of momentum of the body
about the axis is increasing at a constant 1 The path of the particle is a circle and the
(nonzero) rate magnitude of its velocity is constant
2 The kinetic energy of the body is increas 2 The acceleration of the particle is of con
ing at a constant (nonzero) rate stant magnitude
17. A uniform rod PQ, of mass m and length 2a, is 19. p and q are nonzero vectors.
freely pivoted at P and hangs in equilibrium
with Q vertically below P. The rod is then 1 pXq=O
given an impulse at Q.
2 p.q:il=O
1 The initial speed of Q is V(2ag)
2 The initial kinetic energy of the rod is 20. X and Y are events.
mag/3
1 P(Xn Y) = P(X) . P(Y)
2 P(XJY) = 0
70
SECTION IV
21. A rod PQ is free to oscillate in a vertical plane 24. A particle is projected vertically downwards in
about a smooth horizontal axis through _the end a resisting medium. Find its terminal velocity.
P. Find the period of small oscillations.
1 The initial speed is given
1 The moment of inertia of the rod about the
axis is given 2 The resistance is proportional to the speed
2 The distance of the centre of mass of the 3 The mass of the particle is given
rod from P is given
4 When the speed is 1 m s 1 the resistance is
3 The mass of the rod is given given
71
SECTION V
26. Find the probability that both events X and Y 29. Find the moment of inertia of the uniform
will occur. square lamina PQRS about a line which is
perpendicular to the plane of the lamina and
1 P(XI Y) is given which passes through P.
27. A car of given mass m, initially moving with 2 The moment of inertia of the lamina about
given speed V on a straight level track, is PR is given
brought to rest by the brakes which exert a
constant retarding force of magnitude F. Find
F. 30. A bag contains just w white balls and r red
balls. Two balls are to be drawn from the bag
1 The car comes to rest in a given time T without replacement. Find the probability that
they will both be white.
2 The car comes to rest in a given distance S
1 w = 2r
28. A projectile fired from a point 0 on a horizon 2 The total number of balls in the bag is given
tal plane just clears a vertical wall which is
perpendicular to the plane of the projectile's
trajectory. Find the distance of the wall from
0.
72
Answer keys
<\q,.,.\
...
<\q,.,
\
"1; ,,.,
<\q,., <\q,.,,bl <\q,.,'"' <\q,.,
,'o ,"
<\q,., <\q,.,
,'b ,o, \.~ \.\. \."1; \.,.,
<\q,., <\q,'c..\ <\q:,o} <\q,c..\ <\q,.,\ <\q,.,\
~
1 E A c A D B D D B C B C B E
2 D D B E C E c B E D E D A A
3 A c A D B D A E A C A B E B
4 B E D B E c E c D A A A D C
5 c B E C A B B A c E E E C D
6 E A A E E A c E A A C E D B
7 D B E B B D A B B E B B A A
8 A c B D D c E D c B E D E C
9 B E c A E c B A D B C A C C
10 c E B c c D A E E D D C B B
11 D D D C E D D c A E B A B A
12 E c E E C D B B B D C B B E
13 A D A A A E B c D A B E D B
14 B A D D A B c D c B D D A D
15 B B E A D A E A E C A A E B
16 D E c C B c D E D A D A D D
17 A c D B B A E A A E A E B C
18 c D B B C c c E E C E B A A
19 E B A B A E A B c C D C C A
20 c D A E C c A B B D C C E E
21 D E A B B B A c B B E E A D
22 c B B D c E c A c c c c E B
23 E A D A A B B E B A c D B E
24 A D C B E D D D E E A E c A
25 B E B E D A c c D D c B D c
26 A A E c B E A B B A D D B E
27 B E A A E A B E A E D B D A
28 D D A c c c E B c D E c D E
29 E B E D D D D D E B A E c A
30 c B C E A c E A D c D c E D
74