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Highway-Railway Framed their durability compared to that of a

lap-joint. All elements were manufac-


Antiseismic Bridge tured at the plant using ordinary equip-
ment employed for production of stan-
dard railway bridge elements.
The joints of the main trusses are bolted
and welded. The double-sheet elements
of the trusses have stepwise field joints.
Owner: wide, and the lower deck carrying one The connections of the slanting struts
Ministry of Railways railway track. with the collar beam, involving two gus-
Contractor: set planes are located at an angle and
Mostotrest \ tinistry of Transport The material used for the superstructure wrapped with cover plates and spatial
Construction is steel 10 XCHL, 12 XTA (grade diaphragms.
Construction period: C40), 15 XCHJ (grade C35) and 16 Field welding was performed using me-
14 months (grade C23). The total mass of steel, in- tal-chemical additive improving the
Opened to traffic: cluding the deck, inspection facilities, weld quality and reducing the construc-
1981 bearings, railings, expansion joints,
tion time. All the erection for the truss
safety barriers and cornice amounts to superstructure was done at the top level
3276 tons.
of the gorge. Tower cranes were mount-
The combined bridge over the gorge of The truss includes a collar-beam 5.7 m ed on the temporary platform for the
the Razdan River in Armenia includes a wide and 14.38 m deep and strut sup- construction of foundations for the
steel strut-framed truss structure and ports 51.5 m high (as measured along the strut supports and temporary piers for
curved reinforced concrete approach vertical), which expand at the foot up to the superstructure erection.
spans on flexible piers (fig. 2). The gorge 24 m in width (fig. 1). On the left-bank and right-bank rail-
at the location of the bridge crossing is road approaches the elements of the
over 250 meters wide, 110 meters deep; it The distance between the centres of central part were assembled to be an-
has vertical highly cracked walls in the vertical supports is 160 m, and the chor counterweights of the collar beam,
upper portion and steep slopes in the total length of the collar beam is 33 x with the further cantilever erection of
lower one. The erection of piers on the 8.25 m = 272 m. the latter up to the temporary piers. Af-
slopes of the gorge being effectively ter this, the counterweights were dis-
prevented by lack of road access and ter- The motorway and sidewalks are carried
by an orthotropic plate which is in- manted, the portions of the collar beam
rain the best solution lay in a double- were anchored into the abutments, and
deck strut-framed superstructure with tegrated with the main trusses.
the cantilever erection went on, includ-
the upper deck carrying the motorway The plate and the trusses are butt- ing the top to bottom assembly of the
11.5 m wide with sidewalks each 1.5 m jointed, which increases considerably strut supports.

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Fig. 1: Superstructure elevation and plan view

Structural Engineering International 1/91


On the completion of the half-frames
they were locked together and the design
forces were adjusted in accordance with
actual operating conditions.
Advanced equipment was used exten-
sively for improving the erection quality
within the stipulated tolerances: all
the joints were checked with ultrasonic
and gamma-ray flaw detectors; the
equipment included hydraulic pressure
gauges, torque wrenches, automatic
coping saw for cutting the edges of the
orthotropic plate, automatic equipment
for thermo-straightening of steel struc-
tures, etc.
During the recent disastrous earthquake
in Armenia (1988) the bridge escaped
any damage and continues its normal
operation.
The design solutions used for this
bridge were later employed for the
bridge across the River in Hanoi (Viet-
nam), and in some other projects.

Engineer:
Design Institute Giprotransmost Fig. 2: General iew of

Bridge Over the River Moskva in Moscow

Owner: wide, respectively, which are separated the pusher two hydraulic jacks T,L-
Mossovet for each direction of traffic. Each box 185/1120 with 1100mm piston extension
Contractor: was assembled of flat elements on the were used. The launching rate was as
Mostotrest Ministry of Transport building slip. The walls are butt welded high as 6 m/hour.
Construction using metal-chemical flux. The bridge
The 127.5 m long span was erected
Construction period: was erected by launching from one without a temporary support using a
60 months bank, where the full cross-section seg-
36 m long nose attached to the assem-
Opened to traffic: ments were assembled. First the down-
bled nose girder already advanced 90
1989 stream box was assembled on the slip meters ahead into the span. The nose
aligned with the upstream box, and af-
was lifted from one end by a 100 t crane
The bridge over the River Moskva in the ter advancing the box was shifted trans-
and from the other end by tackle blocks
Maryino-Brateevo district of Moscow versely into position. Then the upstream
fixed to the extremity of the structure.
for six lanes (width 37.5 m, length box was assembled on the same slip. This procedure allowed reducing the
1500 m) includes the metal steel super- This procedure permitted reducing the
construction time, and also eliminated
structure over the riverbed, continuous amount of materials required for the the necessity of reinforcing the structure
reinforced concrete approach spans auxiliary structures and the construc- to make it withstand the erection loads.
(fig. 2). The main bridge length is 733 m. tion time of the whole bridge.
The bridge structure was completed in
The riverbed section is 310 m long. It is The superstructure launching was per- two years.
an all-steel construction girder super- formed with specially designed equip-
The riverbed piers are separate for each
structure of constant height (89.12 + ment, consisting of vertical supports girder, including the foundations.
127.5+89.12 m). The cross-section hinged to the pier foundation and rods
(fig. 1) consists of two boxes 3.22 x 5.4 m and clamps attached to the edges of the The foundations are made up of precast
with deck cantilevers 7.65 and 5.17 m lower flange of the superstructure. For driven-piles and a load-carrying vertical

Structural Engineering International 1/91