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Canadian Standards Association A23.

3-04 APPENDIX D - ANCHORING TO CONCRETE


Version 1.1

MADE BY DATE Job No.

11/6/2017
CKD. BY DATE Sheet No.

FOR

CONCRETE ANCHOR DESIGN BASED ON A23.3-04 APPENDIX D

1 Basic Design Parameters: (SEC D.4-D.5) NOTES & SKETCHES

Loads: (Per Applicable Loads Combinations in Clause 8; load applications that are
predominantly high cycle fatigue or impact loads are not covered.)

Nu = kN Ultimate Factored Tensile Load (kips)


Vu = kN Ultimate Factored Shear Load (kips)

f Factor Conditions:

Ductile Steel Element

Yes Potential Failure Surfaces crossed by supplementary reinforcement


proportioned to tie prism into the structural member?
Headed Stud Anchor Type

Category 1 N/A - Only applicable to Post-installed anchors

Yes Anchor located in a region of concrete member where analysis


indicates no cracking at service load levels? (YES = No Cracking Anticipated)
Yes Anchors are located in region of moderate or high seismic risk, or structures assigned to

intermediate or high seismic performance or design categories.

Normalweight Concrete Type

2 Steel strength of anchor in tension: (D.6.1)

Nsr = snAsefutR

n= Number of Anchors in a Group

Ase = mm 2
Effective Cross Sectional Area of Anchor
fut = MPa Specified Tensile strength of anchor steel
fy = MPa Specified Yield strength of anchor steel

Ns = 0.00 N R= 0.8
fNs = 0.00 kN > Nu = 0.00 kN OK
3 Concrete Breakout strength of anchor in tension: (D.6.2.1)

Ncbr = An Yed,NYc,NYcp,NNbr Single Anchor


Ano

Ncbg = An Yec,NYed,NYcp,NNbr Group of Anchors


Ano

An = mm2 Projected concrete failure area of anchor or group of anchors. See Figure D.4
hef = mm Effective anchor embedment depth
ca,min = mm The smallest edge distance
ca,max = mm The largest edge distance
f'c= Mpa
e'N = mm Eccentricity of Normal Force on a group of anchor. See Commentary Figure 2
Edges = Number of Edges surrounding anchor or group of anchors. See Figure 3 Commentary

Anco = 9hef2 Projected area of the failure surface of a single anchor remote from edges for c a,min

of 1.5hef or greater

Yec,N = 1 <1 Modification factor for eccentrically loaded anchor groups

2e'N
( 1+ )
3hef
Yed,N = 1 if Cmin > 1.5hef Modification factor for edge effects

= 0.7 + 0.3 cmin if Cmin < 1.5hef Modification factor for edge effects

1.5 hef
Yc,N = 1.25 for Cast-in anchors in uncracked section

Nbr= kfcf'c1/2hef3/2R Basic concrete breakout strength


k = 10 for cast-in anchor

Nbr = 3.9f f' 1/2h 5/3R Alternative concrete breakout strength for 275mm < hef < 625mm.
c c ef

Ano = 0.0 mm2 R = 1.15


Yec,N = 1.00
Yed,N = 1.00
Yc,N = 1.25
Nbr= 0.00 N
Ncbr= 0.00 N
Ncbr= 0.00 kN > Nu = 0.00 kN OK
4 Pullout strength of anchor in tension: (D.6.3)

Ncpr = Yc,PNpr

Bearing area of the headed stud(s) or anchor bolt(s)


Abh = mm2 See Table 1 Commentary

eh= 114.0 mm Distance from the inner surface of the shaft to the outer tip of the bolt. 3do<eh<4.5do
do = 38.1 mm Outside diameter of anchor or shaft diameter

Npr = 8Abhfcf'cR The pullout strength in tension of a single headed stud or bolt (D-16)

Npr = 0.9fcf'cehdoR The pullout strength in tension of a single hooked bolt (D-17)

Yc,P = 1.40 R = 1.15


Ncpr = 0 N
Ncpr = 0.00 kN > Nu = 0.00 k OK

5 Concrete Side-Face Blowout strength of Headed anchor in tension:


Single Anchor: (D.6.4)

Nsbr = 13.3cA 1/2f f' 1/2R


bh c c

C = C1 = mm Distance from center of anchor shaft to the edge of concrete

C2 = mm Distance from center of anchor shaft to the edge of concrete in direction


orthogonal to C = Ca1 See Commentary Figure 1.

Factor = 1.000 C2>3*C R = 1.15


Nsbr = 0.00 N
Nsb = 0.00 kN > Nu = 0.00 kN OK

Multiple Anchors:
Nsbg = (1 + S/6ca1)Nsb

So = 127 mm Spacing of the outer anchors along the edge in the group.

Nsbg = 0.00 N R = 1.15


Nsbg = 0.00 kN > Nu = 0.00 kN N/A
6 Steel strength of anchor in shear: (D.7.1)

Vsr = nAsefsfutR For cast-in headed stud anchors (D20)


Vsr = nAsefs0.6futR For cast-in headed bolt & hooked bolt anchors (D21)
Vsr = nAsefs0.6futR For post-installed anchors (D21)

= 0 mm2 Effective cross-sectional area of expansion or undercut anchor sleeve,


Ase
if sleeve is within shear plane.

fut
= 0 Mpa Specified tensile strength of anchor sleeve.

Vsr = 0 N R = 0.75
Vsr = 0.00 kN > Vu = 0.00 kN OK

7 Concrete Breakout strength of anchor in shear: (D.7.2)

Vcbr = Av Yed,VYc,VVbr Single Anchor (D-22)


Avo

Vcbr = Av Yec,VYed,VYc,VVbr Group of Anchors (D-23)


Avco

Av= mm2 Projected concrete failure area on an anchor or group of anchors. See Figure 4 Commentary

C1 * = mm Distance from center of anchor shaft to the edge of concrete in one direction.See Commentary

e'v = mm Eccentricity of shear force on a group of anchors. See Figure 5 Commentary

l= mm Load bearing length of anchor for shear. See Table 2 Commentary.

do = mm Outside diameter of anchor or shaft diameter of headed stud, headed bolt, or hooked bolt.

h= mm Thickness of member in which an anchor is anchored, parallel to anchor axis.

Enter Case: Case 1: No supplementary reinforcement or edge reinforcement smaller than a


No. 4 bar.

Case 2: Supplementary reinforcement of a No. 4 bar or greater between the


anchor and the edge.

Case 3: Supplementary reinforcement of a No. 4 bar or greater betwwen the


anchor and the edge, and with the supplementary reinforcement enclosed withing
Vbr = stirrups spaced at not more than 4 in.
0.58(l/do)0.2do1/2fcf'c1/2Ca1 R
1.5
See commentary
7 Continued

Yec,V = 1 <1 Modification factor for eccentrically loaded anchor groups

2e'v
( 1+ )
3c1

Yed,V = 1.0 if C2 > 1.5C1 Modification factor for edge effects

= 0.7 + 0.3 c2 if C2 < 1.5C1 Modification factor for edge effects

1.5 ca1

Yc,V = 1.4 Anchor in uncracked section

Yec,V = 1.00 R = 1.15


Yed,V = 1.00
Yc,V = 1.40
Avo = 0.00 mm2
Vbr = 0.00 N
Vcbr = 0.00 N
Vcbr = 0.00 kN > Vu = 0.00 kN OK

8 Concrete Pryout strength of anchor in shear: (D.7.3)

Vcpr = kcpNcb

Kcp = 1 for hef < 65mm


Kcp = 2 for hef > 65mm

Ncbr = 0.00 N R = 1.15


Vcp = 0.00 N
Vcp = 0.00 kN > Vu = 0.00 k OK

9 Interaction of tensile and shear forces: (SEC D.7)


if Vf < 0.2Vr Nr > N f N/A

if Nf < 0.2Nr Vr > Vf N/A

if Nf > 0.2Nr & Vf > 0.2Vr Nf Vf


+ < 1.2
Nr Vr ###