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EXPERIMENT 9:

FLOWMETERS MEASUREMENT

9.1 OBJECTIVE OF THE EXPERIMENT

(i) To introduce various types of flowmeters commonly found in industrial applications


(ii) The principles of flow measurements and accuracies of each flowmeter
(iii) To familiarize methods of flow measurement of an incompressible liquid.

9.2 INTRODUCTION

Experimental Stand for Flow Meter is a water process. Water from a sump tank T-501 is pumped
by P-501 through a manifold containing three different types of flow meter which are Orifice Flow
Meter Transmitter FT-503, Magnetic Flowmeter FT-502 and Coriolis Flowmeter FT-501.

9.3 EXPERIMENTAL EQUIPMENT

Hand valves are used to select the flowmeter for measuring the water flow during the experiment,
which is collected in a calibration tank T-505. The volumetric flowrate over time is checked
against the volumetric scale on the calibration tank to compare the accuracy of each type of
flowmeter.

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Table 9.1 Instrument function and capabilities
No Instrument Tag No Description Range
1 PID controller FIC-500 Microprocessor based PID -
controller, flow control
2 Flowmeter FT-501 Coriolis flowmeter
FT-502 Magnetic flowmeter
FT-503 Integral orifice with d/p
transmitter
3 Recorder FR-500 Continuous 2 pen chart recorder -
4 Pump P-501 Water circulation tank
5 Control valve FCV-500 1 inch globe type valve with 0-100%
Cv=4.8 linear characterisitic
with I/P positioner and I/P
converter
6 Temperature TI-501 Dial gauge temperature 0-1000C
indicator for local
Indicator
temperature indication
7 Process Tank T-501 Sump tank 120 L
T-505 Calibration tank 80 L

8 Rotameter FI-501 Flow measurement of water 0-100 LPM

9 Hand valve HV511- Input/Output isolation valves.


HV526

Table 9.1 Instrument function and capabilities


No Instrument Tag No Description Range
10 Control Panel - Mounting/installation of -
controller, alarm
annucaitor,recorder, push
button power supply switch
and changeover switch and
changeover switch between
the DCS and local control

9.4 PROCEDURE

Flow measurement and accuracy check

a) Integral orifice meter vs calibration tank


b) Magnetic flowmeter vs calibration tank
c) Coriolis flowmeter vs calibration tank

The tank T-505 has been calibrated using volume of 75 litres of water .

Table 9.2 Orifice flowmeter vs calibration tank

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STEP ACTION REMARKS

Check and make sure hand valves position as follows.


Close HV511, HV514, HV515, HV516, HV518, HV519,
HV520, HV521, HV525, HV526
1 Open HV512, HV517, HV522, HV523

Start pump P-501 and use HV524 to regulate the flowrate to


10 L/min and open HV525.
Start the stop watch when the water level reaches 0 L at the
2
sight glass SG505. Ensure the flow rate is constant.
Record the time taken to fill 75 liters of water inside the
3
calibration tank. Take reading from the flow meter.

What will be suitable values that you should use to regulate


4
the flow rate by using HV524

Table 9.3 Magnetic flowmeter vs calibration tank

STEP ACTION REMARKS

Check and make sure hand valves position as follows.


Close HV511, HV514, HV515, HV516, HV518, HV519,
HV522, HV523, HV525, HV526
1 Open HV512, HV517, HV521, HV520

Start pump P-501 and use HV524 to regulate the flowrate to


10 L/min and open HV525.
Start the stop watch when the water level reaches 0 L at the
2
sight glass SG505. Ensure the flow rate is constant.
Record the time taken to fill 75 liters of water inside the
3
calibration tank. Take reading from the flow meter.

What will be suitable values that you should use to regulate


4
the flow rate by using HV524

Table 9.4 Coriolis flowmeter vs calibration tank

STEP ACTION REMARKS

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Check and make sure hand valves position as follows.
Close HV511, HV515, HV516, HV520, HV521, HV522,
HV523, HV525, HV526
1 Open HV512, HV517, HV518, HV519

Start pump P-501 and use HV504 to regulate the flowrate to


10 L/min and open HV525.
Start the stop watch when the water level reaches 0 L at the
2
sight glass SG505. Ensure the flow rate is constant.
Record the time taken to fill 75 liters of water inside the
3
calibration tank. Take reading from the flow meter.

What will be suitable values that you should use to regulate


4
the flow rate by using HV524

9.5 REFERENCES

Seborg D.E., T.F. Edgar and D.A. Melliechamp, Process Dynamics and Control, John Wiley and
Sons, New York, 1989, pp 116-118.

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