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Preliminary Examination

ME 351ME 351Phy 353 Thermodynamics - mam rocel

I.Part I. I. Identification. For 20 minutes, Write yourthe correct answer on the space provided. Avoid
erasures. Strictly NO ERASURES. Cheating in any form, if caught, will mean a final grade of 5.0.

___________________ _______1. The science that deals with energy transformation;: the conversion of
heat into work, or of chemical energy into electrical energy

A system in which there is no exchange of matter with the surroundings- mass does not cross its
boundaries.
___________________ _______2. The condition as identified through the properties of the substances.

___________________ _______3. The absolute quantity of matter in it.

___________________ _______4. A pressure less than atmospheric pressure.

___________________ _______5. A system that is completely impervious to its surroundings neither


mass nor energy cross it boundaries.

___________________ _______6. A unit of force that produces 1 ft/sec2 acceleration in a body of 1 lb


mass

A substance whose state is defined by two independently variable intensive thermodynamic properties.
__________________________ _ 7.7. The sum of the system gage pressure and the surrounding
absolute pressure.

___________________ ________ 8. A collection of two or more processes for which the initial and final
states are the same.

___________________ ________ 9. Any collection of matter or space of fixed identity.

___________________10. The volume of a substance divided by its mass.

______________________11. _____ A system across whose boundaries there is a flow of mass.

___________________________12. A substance that is homogeneous in composition and homogeneous


and invariable in chemical aggregation.

___________________________13. The temperature at which all molecular motion ceases.The force of


gravity on a body.

___________________________14. . It gives a reading as the length of some liquid column: mercury,


water, alcohol, etc. A pressure that could not support a column of fluid in a manometer.

_______________________15. The science that deals with energy transformation: the conversion of
heat into work, or of chemical energy into electrical energy. ____ A system in which there is no exchange
of matter with the surroundings- mass does not cross its boundaries.

__________________________16. Used to measure atmospheric pressure.

__________________________17. Expresses the conservation of mass for open systems in terms of


readily measured or determined properties.

__________________________18. A condition if two blocks are brought together and there is no change
in any observable property.

_____________________19. _____ A temperature-measuring device which develops a voltage as a


function of temperature and are formed by joining two dissimilar metal wires .

__________________20. A substance whose state is defined by two independently variable intensive


thermodynamic properties.

__________________________A region in space that occupies a given volume, has a specific


boundary and contains thermodynamic substance.

__________________________Stored energy due to the motion of the molecules and forces of


attraction between them.

__________________________ Define as measure of the hotness or coldness of the substance.

__________________________ Energy required to move the fluid across the boundary of the system.

__________________________Energy crossing a system boundary because of the temperature


difference between the system and the surroundings.

__________________________A term used to indicate that there is no heat transfer between the
surroundings and the system.

__________________________A combination of flow work and internal energy.

II. Problem Solving. Solve the following problems completely.

1. Given the barometric pressure of 14.7 psia (29.92 in. Hg abs), make these conversions :
a. 80 psig to psia and to atm
b. 20 in Hg vac to in Hg abs and to psia and to bar
c. 10 psia to psi vac and to Pa
d. 15 in Hg gage to psia, to torrs and to Pa.

2. Evaluate the nonflow work in terms of p1, V1, p2, V2 of a fluid undergoing a reversible state change in
accordance with each of the following defining relations a) pVn = C
b) pV(lnV) = C
c) p = 200/V2 + 2

3. Two liquids of different densities, 1 = 1500 kg/m3, 2 = 500 kg/m3; are poured together into a 100-
tank, filling it. If the resulting density of the mixture is 800 kg/m3, find the respective amounts (mass in
kg and volume in m3) of liquids used. Also, find the weight of the mixture; local g = 9.675 m/s2.

ME 351- Thermodynamics I
Midterm Examination
Name: Date:
Section: Score

I. Multiple Choice
Instructions: Encircle the letter of the correct answer. Put your solution on the extra sheet provided.

What is the potential energy of a 500kg body if it is dropped to a height of 100m?


a. 490.50 kJ c. 560.50 kJ
b. 765.50 kJ d. 645.48 kJ
It is an energy produced due to the change in elevation
a. Kinetic energy c. internal energy
b. Potential energy d. energy
The flow energy of 124 li/min of a fluid passing the boundary to a system is 2 kJ/s. What is the pressure
at this point?
a. 100 kPa c. 1000 Kpa
b. 140.39 psi d. 871 kPa
Heat energy that causes or accompanies the change in temperature of the substance
a. Latent heat c. specific heat
b. Sensible heat d. BTU
A steam turbine receives 70 pounds of steam per minute with an enthalpy of 1600 Btu per pound and a
velocity of 100 ft/s. It leaves the turbine at 900 ft/s and 1320 Btu/lb . The radiation loss is 84000BTU/hr.
Find the horsepower output.
a. 403 HP c. 450 HP
b. 429 HP d. 430 HP
It is formed due to the temperature difference
a. Work c. energy
b. Heat d. joule
A fan is to accelerate quiescent air to a velocity of 12 m/s at a rate of 3 m3 per minute. If the density of
air is 1.15 kg/m3, the minimum power that must be supplied to the fan is
a. 248W c. 497W
b. 72W d. 216W
States that the total mass entering to the system and the total mass leaving in the system is equal
a. Second law of thermodynamics c. Zeroth law of thermodynamics
b. First law of thermodynamics d. Law of conservation of mass
If 10 lbs of water evaporated at atmospheric pressure until a volume of 288.5 ft3 is occupied, how much
work is done?
a. 610,358 ft-lb c. -610,358 ft-lb
b. 0 d. 550000 ft-lb
The capacity to do work
a. Kinetic energy c. work
b. Potential energy d. energy
How much power is there in the kinetic energy of the atmosphere (density = 1.217 kg/m3 at 56 kph wind
velocity? Consider the section that passes through a 3m diameter circular area noirmal to the velocity.
a. 10.21 kW c. 16.21 kW
b. 15.21 KW d. 17.21 kW
The energy stored within the body or substance by virtue of the activity and configurations of its
molecules
a. Kinetic energy c. internal energy
b. Potential energy d. work
Steam at 1000lbf/ft2 pressure and 3000R has specific volume of 6.5 ft3/lbm and specific enthalpy of
9800 ft-lbf/lbm. Find the internal energy per pound mass of steam.
a. 2500 ft-lbf/lbm c.5400 ft-lbf/lbm
b. 3300 ft-lbf/lbm d. 6900 ft-lbf/lbm
The product of the displacement of the body and the component of the force in the direction of the
displacement
a. Kinetic energy c. internal energy
b. Potential energy d. work
A cylinder and piston arrangement contains saturated water vapor at 1100C. The vapor is compressed in
a reversible adiabatic process until the pressure is 1.6 Mpa. Determine the work done by the system per
kg of water. At 1100C, U1=2518.1 KJ/kg and 1.6 Mpa, U2=2950.1 KJ/kg
a. -500 KJ/kg c. -632 KJ/kg
b. -432 KJ/kg d. -700 KJ/kg
States that energy cannot be created or destroyed,
a. Second law of thermodynamics c. Zeroth law of thermodynamics
b. First law of thermodynamics d. Law of conservation of mass
Determine the heat transfer to the cooling fluid in a condenser operating under steady flow condition
with steam entering with an enthalpy of 2300kJ/kg and a velocity of 350 m/s. The condensate leaves
with an enthalpy of 160 kJ/kg and a velocity of 70m/s.
a. -1992 kJ/kg c. 2910 kJ/kg
b. -2910 kJ/kg d. -2199 kJ/kg
Heat energy that causes or accompanies the change in phase of the substance
a. Latent heat c. specific heat
b. Sensible heat d. BTU
A steam turbine receives a steam flow of 1.35 kg/s and delivers 500KW. The heat loss in the casing is
negligible. Find the heat drop across the turbine, the entrance velocity is 60m/s, the exit velocity is 36m/s
and the inlet pipe is 3m above the exhaust pipe.
a. 370 kJ/kg c. 703 kJ/kg
b. 307 kJ/kg d. 320 kJ/kg
It is an energy produced due to the mass and velocity or its momentum of moving body.
a. Kinetic energy c. internal energy
b. Potential energy d. work

II. Problem Solving


1. During a steady flow process, the pressure of the working substance from 200 to 20 psia, the speed
increases from 200 to 2000 fps, the internal energy of the open system decreases 25 BTU/lb and the
specific volume increases from 1 to 8 ft3/lb. No heat is transferred. Sketch an energy diagram. Determine
the work per lb. Is it done or by the substance? Determine the work in hp for 10 lb per min.
2. A centrifugal pump operating under steady flow conditions delivers 2270 kg/min of water from an
initial pressure of 82.639 KPag to a final pressure of 275.699KPag.The diameter of the inlet pipe of the
pump is 15.24cm and the diameter of the discharge pipe is 10.16cm. What is the work?