1 views

Uploaded by Manish Vankudre

cyclone

- b 0315011015
- doc004
- Principles Calculation of Mass-Flow-Meter
- FT2 Flow Temperature Thermal Mass Transmitter
- PA4-J-697010.001 (FQI) (002)
- Prod
- p2 cyclone eff projct.docx
- Gas Liquid Separators
- Cyclone
- - Digital Flow Meter for Gas (62)
- EP CycloneReport S1 2015
- Entrained Gas Handling WP 00920
- Summer Training Report
- Cyclone
- Assgnmnt Fluid
- Water Meter Testing APLMF Training-C09702880_9
- Development of a Finite Volume Model for the Compressible Gap Flow Inside a Screw Pump
- Blender Instruction
- EN - 420, 420PC Data Sheet.pdf
- AFT Arrow 5 Data Sheet

You are on page 1of 6

Vol. 3, No. 4, October, 2014

2014 IJMERR. All Rights Reserved

Research Paper

PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS

Mahesh R Jadhav1*

Cyclone is most commonly used device to separate dust particles from gas and dust flow. The

project presents design development of cyclone based on CFD along with experimental trials.

The present work is based on the performance of flour mill cyclone for different flow rates. In the

present investigation the characteristics of flour mill cyclone are studied for various flow rates

(inlet velocities) and its effect on performance parameters like pressure drop and efficiency are

studied. Cyclone is designed with two symmetrical tangential inlets and a single tangential

outlet at the barrel top area where impeller is mounted. The study was performed for gas-solid

flow, based on an experimental study available in the literature, where a conventional cyclone

model was used. Simulation of flow will be done with the help of CFD software and verification

will be done with the help of experimental work. Results showed that these new designs can

improve the cyclone performance parameters significantly and very interesting details were

found on cyclone fluid dynamics properties.

Collection efficiency

This cyclone separator provides a method of based on the secondary flow on the upper

removing particulate matter from air streams cover surface in the coaxial space between

at low cost and low maintenance. In general, cyclone body and exit pipe. One of them goes

a cyclone consists of an upper cylindrical part around the coaxial space on the upper cover

referred to as the barrel and a lower conical surface and rotates around the exit pipe with

part referred to as shown in Figure 1. The air the gas flow. The other rotates and descends

stream enters tangentially at the top of the along the surface of the cyclone body. Then,

barrel and travels downward into the cone on the surface of the cone, the dust layer,

forming an outer vortex. The solid particles which is pressed onto the cone surface by

entering the cyclone immediately bifurcate the centrifugal force, descends aided by

1

Department of Mechanical Engineering, PVP Institute of Technology, Pune University, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

247

Int. J. Mech. Eng. & Rob. Res. 2014 Mahesh R Jadhav, 2014

gravitational force and descending airflow in al., 2006). Also the pollution due flour mill is

(Lingjuan Wang, 2004). cannot be neglected, small flour particles in

large quantity are coming out through the mill

Figure 1: Cyclone Geometry and get mixed in atmospheric air. The

operator who is continuously working on this

mill is suffering through this pollution and

there will be chances of lung deceases. So

the aim of study is to design a cyclone for

flour mill application and to optimize its

performance parameters by doing some

geometrical changes.

There are many types of cyclones for the

purpose of solid particle separation. However,

the following are the most typical: returned

flow or reversed flow, axial flow and rotary

flow with tangential injection of the second

gas flow into the cyclone body. The historical

Most of the attention has been focused on transition of cyclones development can be

finding new methods to improve performance found in Crawford, Storch and Ogawa, where

parameters. Some studies were conducted many old and interesting types of cyclones

to improve equipment performance by are discussed. The most standard

evaluating geometric effects on projects.

construction of the returned flow type is

Cyclone dust collectors have been used in

composed of a cylindrical body with a fixed

many industrial facilities to collect solid

diameter and a conical part. Physical models

particles from gas-solid flows and to reduce

air pollution originating in chimney smoke or families of cyclones are established when

from chemical plant drier equipment. a set of dimensions is fixed in relation to the

However in this situation to control the air diameter (Crawford M, 1976).

pollution is very important and cyclone is used Since its conception over a century ago,

for pollution control. Currently, with new many researchers have contributed to the

engineering applications of cyclones as

large volume of work on improving the

dryers, reactors and particularly in the

efficiency of cyclones by introducing new

removal of high-cost catalysts from gases in

design and operation variables. However, in

petroleum refineries, industries require a

greater understanding of turbulent gas flows, most cases, the improvement in efficiency is

which could lead to rigorous procedures marginal and in some cases it is associated

capable of accurately predicting efficiency, with complex structure and additional

velocity and pressure fields (Bernardo S et operating costs.

248

Int. J. Mech. Eng. & Rob. Res. 2014 Mahesh R Jadhav, 2014

Experimental Setup area assembled together. For measurement

Therefore in this study two cyclones are of inlet and outlet velocity an anemometer is

evaluated with same dimensions only selected, Anemometer gives reading of

difference in their inlet geometry. One cyclone velocity in m/s. For measurement of pressure

model is having single tangential inlet with at various points the connectors are provided

same size inlet and outlet pipe and another at both inlet and an outlet port. Manometer

is having two symmetrical tangential inlets is used to measure the pressure in water

and one outlet. For experimental setup the column.

fabricated cyclone, impeller, dust collector, The cyclone geometric configurations are:

No. (mm)

1 Barrel Diameter 370

2 Barrel Height 175

3 Cone bottom Diameter 113

4 Cone height 380

5 Inlet pipe dia. For symmetrical inlet 50

6 Inlet pipe dia. For single inlet 86.8

7 Exit pipe dia. 86.8

8 Deep tube dia. 100

9 Deep tube length 150

10 Inlet of cyclone from top of impeller 164

11 Exit of cyclone from top of impeller 50

(m3/hr) Symmetrical inlet Single inlet

249

Int. J. Mech. Eng. & Rob. Res. 2014 Mahesh R Jadhav, 2014

Figure 3: Mesh Model of Cyclone

cyclone, they are tested for various flow rates

i.e. for various inlet velocity. The variation in

flow rate is obtained by changing the

rotational speed of impeller (motor) by using

VFD.

Measurement of Velocity

Velocity is measured for different 8 cases,

and noted as a reading. The velocity reading

sheet is given as follow.

The pressure is measured by using

manometer, as shown below

Flow Rate (m3/hr) Symmetrical inlet Single inlet

413.25 128.8 220.14

367.82 127.5 180.21

348.34 98.2 144.26

318.05 85.76 112.32

283.43 65.0 103.46

263.96 41.0 84.36

Figure 4: Mesh Model of Cyclone Top

218.52 25.5 60.40

146.04 22.5 24.46

Boundary Conditions and

Computational grids

Following are boundary conditions are given

for simulation of cyclone.

Properties Value Unit

Material Air -

Viscosity of gas 0.0000185 kg/ms

Gas phase

Density of gas 1.142 kg/m3

Material Wheat Flour -

particle size 0.01 mm

Particle density 561 kg/m3 For CFD analysis we have given three

Viscosity of 1.983x10-5 pa.sec different flow rates, and results are obtained

Solid phase

particle which are as follows

250

Int. J. Mech. Eng. & Rob. Res. 2014 Mahesh R Jadhav, 2014

Case 1 Case 2 Case 3

inlet1 inlet2 outlet inlet1 inlet2 outlet inlet1 inlet2 outlet

Diameter d 0.05 0.05 0.0875 0.05 0.05 0.0875 0.05 0.05 0.0875

Area m2 0.001964 0.001964 0.006014 0.001964 0.001964 0.006014 0.001964 0.001964 0.006014

Density kg/m3 1.142 1.142 1.142 1.142 1.142 1.142 1.142 1.142 1.142

volumetric m3/hr 190 190 380 140 140 280 90 90 180

flow rate

m3/s 0.0528 0.0528 0.1056 0.0389 0.0389 0.0778 0.0250 0.0250 0.0500

Mass flow kg/s 0.0603 0.0603 0.1205 0.0444 0.0444 0.0888 0.0286 0.0286 0.0571

rate

Velocity m/s 27.08 27.07 21.73 19.94 19.94 15.97 12.85 12.84 10.27

Static pa 1019.69 1024.68 -3.11 546.39 550.25 -1.64 222.61 224.47 -0.67

pressure

Total Pa 1438.57 1443.46 432.89 773.49 777.3 232.91 316.84 318.68 95.32

pressure

p Pa 1005.68 1010.57 540.58 544.39 221.52 223.36

Velocity Magnitude for Case 1

Figure 5: Particle Trace Colored by

Particle Velocity for 6 & 8 Micron Figure 6: Contours of Velocity Magnitude

Particle Size

Experimental trial is completed successfully trical inlet cyclone.

also CFD simulation is also done. A small

scale cyclone designed for flour mill is From above Figure 7 it is been observed

evaluated and following results are obtained. that the pressure drop is more for single inlet

The test was performed on both cyclones at cyclone than symmetrical inlet cyclone. Mea-

different velocities. The different readings of ns the pressure drop is depending on the inlet

velocity, pressure is given in Table 2 and 3 velocity for the same model. It is observed

respectively. Below are different graph for that the pressure drop is increases as the

comparison of results of single and symme- inlet velocity increases for same model.

251

Int. J. Mech. Eng. & Rob. Res. 2014 Mahesh R Jadhav, 2014

Figure 7: Flow Rate Vs Pressure Drop

(2006), Evaluation of Cyclone Geometry

and its Influence on its Performance

Parameters by CFD, Powder Tech-

nology.

3. Boysan F, Ayers W H and Swithenbank J

A (1982), Fundamental Mathematical

Modeling Approach to Cyclone Design,

Institute of Chemical Engineers.

4. Crawford M (1976), Air Pollution Control

Flow rate (m3/hr)

Theory, McGraw-Hill.

5. L Wang, C B Parneel, B W Shaw and R

By doing changes at inlet geometry of E Lecay (2006), A Theoretical Approach

cyclone i.e. two symmetrical inlets the flow for Predicting Number of Turns and

gets divided in to two parts. The performance Cyclone Pressure Drop.

parameters of symmetrical inlet cyclone are

optimum than single inlet cyclone. It also 6. Lapple C E (1951), Process Use Many

proved that as inlet velocity increase the Collector Types, Chemical Engineering.

cyclone efficiency also increases for same 7. Lingjuan Wang (2004), Theoretical Study

model. of Cyclone Design, Texas A & M

University.

REFERENCES

8. Martignoni W P, Bernardo S and Quintani

1. Bernardo S, Peres A P and Mori M (2005), C L (2005), Evaluation of Geometric

Computational Study of Cyclone Flow Modifications at an Experimental Cyclone

Fluid Dynamics using a Different Inlet using Computational Fluid Dynamics

Section Angle, Thermal Engineering (CFD), Proceedings on 2nd CFD Oil, Rio

(RETERM). de Janeiro R J.

252

- b 0315011015Uploaded bytheijes
- doc004Uploaded byInggit Prillasari
- Principles Calculation of Mass-Flow-MeterUploaded byNakkolop
- FT2 Flow Temperature Thermal Mass TransmitterUploaded byJulian Galeano
- PA4-J-697010.001 (FQI) (002)Uploaded byAnonymous gKfKIG3L6
- ProdUploaded byOsman Koçak
- p2 cyclone eff projct.docxUploaded byPortia Shilenge
- Gas Liquid SeparatorsUploaded byTolstoy Leo
- CycloneUploaded byAhom CK
- - Digital Flow Meter for Gas (62)Uploaded byMASSFLOWMEASUREMENTS
- EP CycloneReport S1 2015Uploaded byKagendren Ayan
- Entrained Gas Handling WP 00920Uploaded byldsant
- Summer Training ReportUploaded byjadav_rima
- CycloneUploaded byhcorpdgp
- Assgnmnt FluidUploaded byAzmi Matali
- Water Meter Testing APLMF Training-C09702880_9Uploaded byAnonymous ucglWH67R6
- Development of a Finite Volume Model for the Compressible Gap Flow Inside a Screw PumpUploaded byBondi Beach
- Blender InstructionUploaded byMarco Quiroz
- EN - 420, 420PC Data Sheet.pdfUploaded byAnonymous PCsoNCt0mF
- AFT Arrow 5 Data SheetUploaded byerjainrachit
- IEEE PaperUploaded byManish Badwani
- Heater Design Guide RefUploaded byArin Suharyadi
- - Digital Flow Meter for Gas (29)Uploaded byMASSFLOWMEASUREMENTS
- T2015 - kvlcc2Uploaded bygutekgie
- Model 7601 Transducer Data Sheet-FlowmeterUploaded byJorgeSerracín
- Part05-DevicesAvailableUploaded byEdgar Ugarte
- Flow in Open Channel 2Uploaded byYamada Takeshi
- McDowellUltrasonicFlowMeasurement PresentationUploaded byI'm_Indian
- Gflow Brosur your prodak Flowmeter ElektromagneticUploaded byProcess Automation
- Sampath CVUploaded bySurya Sampath Emani

- Fallsem2018-19 Mee2027 Th Mb213 Vl2018191004327 Reference Material II 17-Candu Reactor NuclearUploaded byManish Vankudre
- Fallsem2018-19 Mee2027 Th Mb213 Vl2018191004327 Reference Material i 17-HtgcrUploaded byManish Vankudre
- 1-s2.0-S1876610216306531-mainUploaded byManish Vankudre
- MATLAB-licensing.pdfUploaded byManish Vankudre
- 15bme0611 Bharat MakkarUploaded byManish Vankudre
- MEE_2009_Tribology (1)Uploaded byManish Vankudre
- FALLSEM2017-18 CLE1004 ETH CDMM302 VL2017181002577 Reference Material I Earthpressure-161023164328 (3)Uploaded byManish Vankudre
- RES Expt No.2Uploaded byManish Vankudre
- 2 Performance Test on Solar Photovoltaic PanelUploaded byManish Vankudre
- Engine TribologyUploaded byMauro Pérez
- FALLSEM2017-18 MEE3004 TH SMV101 VL2017181006931 Reference Material I 12 Chapter-5Uploaded byManish Vankudre

- HP Fittings & TubingUploaded byAhmed Qomaruddin
- Practical Guide to HNBR Chapter 2Uploaded byAzizol Wahab
- Block Work-Method StatementUploaded byA19944
- Roche Omni C - Service ManualUploaded byJesus Perez
- 07826Uploaded bybibekananda87
- UniversalUploaded byYuvraj Chaubey
- 05500Uploaded byuddinnadeem
- Especificaciones Toro 007Uploaded byArutnev Eduardo
- R140LC-9SUploaded byPHÁT NGUYỄN THẾ
- BodUploaded byEvonYong
- Sls Parks and Recreation BrochureUploaded byGabriel Sanjur Sanjur
- Fusabond Dupont Pa Mo525dUploaded byedsonshm
- Cooltech 34700z ManualUploaded byWilliam Kibbe
- 4090-0014Uploaded byJavier Toscano
- Torque Tension LossUploaded bygnanasekar
- 3 PointUploaded byRobert O'Loan
- Material Handling & Storage SystemsUploaded byShikha Kathuria
- Cylindrical gears modeling using CATIA softwareUploaded byavencl
- properties of water - mini textbook assignmentUploaded byapi-240096234
- Preboard 4 Practical Problem Answer KeyUploaded byfreanne_0527
- Mobil SHC Polyrex™ SeriesUploaded byppanagos5664
- 40Uploaded byMKPashaPasha
- WILA - Catalog scule abkant - SM TECHUploaded bySM TECH SRL
- Silicates Detail.pdfUploaded byMuhammad Arshad
- VIO 4 (1).pdfUploaded byAdam
- Biomedical WasteUploaded byJyoti Singh
- EXAMPLE 7.docxUploaded byAnonymous 70hFvZI
- LB PlusUploaded byMuresan Adrian
- TA5211_New Austrian Tunneling MethodUploaded byillano
- 6.Exemple de Reguli de Alcatuire(Bibl. H.bachmann)Uploaded byPetre Mihalache