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Pressure & Flame Protection

Bursting Discs &


Explosion Vent Panels
Bursting Discs &
E x p l o s i o n Ve n t P a n e l s

Bursting Discs - A bursting disc is a non-reclosing


device that is designed to burst or rupture at a
predetermined pressure, thus relieving a dangerous build
up of pressure or vacuum, protecting plant, pipework or
vessels from unacceptable levels of pressure or vacuum.

Conventional Discs
Often referred to as forward acting discs, ideal as a multi-
purpose and low cost solution.

Reverse Buckling Discs


These discs offer extended service life, particularly within
pressure cycling duties. Ideal for relief valve protection.

Graphite Discs
Provide ideal low pressure protection for highly corrosive
process media applications.

Explosion Vent Panels - Designed to provide low


pressure protection against the effects of dust or gas
explosions. In the event of an explosion a correctly sized
panel will open almost instantaneously to minimise the
effects of the blast.

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The logical choice

With over 50 years experience, Marston is a leading To maintain our position at the forefront of disc and
manufacturer of pressure relief and explosion panel technology, we can call upon the wide range of
protection devices known as bursting discs (or technical resources available within Marston.
rupture discs) and explosion vent panels, providing These state-of-the-art facilities include:
safe and instantaneous relief in an ever increasing High temperature testing
range of application requirements.
Helium leak testing
CAD/CAM
The applications for these devices are as diverse as
the industries that use them. Chemical, oil, gas and Pressure cycling
food as well as cryogenic and transportation are Radiographic inspection
typical examples. The selection of the most suitable Laser cutting technology
device can be critical, however our extensive range
Flow test laboratory
provides the optimum solution.

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T E S T I N G A N D C E R T I F I C AT I O N

Marston bursting discs and explosion vent panels are


batch tested in accordance with relevant British or
other National and International standards and a test
certificate is supplied for each batch of discs.

If required by the customer, arrangements can be


made for the batch test procedures to be witnessed
by accredited external inspection authorities.

All Marston explosion vent panels have been type


tested under full explosion trials to prove their
strength and reliability.

Marstons products carry a wide range of approvals Certificate Number Baseefa03ATEX0251 was also
and comply with the highest International standards issued and all Marston Panels can now be CE-marked
and customer specifications, including: together with the protection coding reference
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xll 1 G D identifying their suitability for use in the
BS EN ISO 4126 most hazardous areas, Zone 0 and Zone 20.
BS 2915, 1990
A. D. Merkblatt A 1-TUV
ASME Section VIII
Stoomwezen
Chinese Safety Quality Licence
Note:
Other Accreditations include: The performance of a bursting disc is dependant on its
PED 97/23/EC mounting arrangements. The use of discs in holders or
ATEX 94/9/EC mounting arrangements not approved by Marston will
BS EN ISO 9001:2000 invalidate certification.

Q UA L I T Y

Marston is fully committed to a programme of Total


Quality Management which is focused on providing
customer satisfaction and confidence. The concern
with quality is evident at all levels within the
organisation and has become an integral part of all
processes.

Marston maintains stringent control of design,


development, testing and production to ensure that
the highest quality standards are achieved in
accordance with BS EN ISO 9001.

A policy of continuous improvement and product


development ensures that Marston is able to meet the
demand for ever-increased safety protection.

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CONTENTS

Page Bursting Discs Page E x p l o s i o n Ve n t P a n e l s


5 Introduction 27-28 Introduction
6 Product Identification 29 CSP and TSP
7-8 Product Range 30 Applications
9 The Protection of Safety Valves
31 Pressure and Temperature
10 Pressure and Temperature 31 Minimum Opening Pressure
10 Pressure
32 Frames
11 Temperature Ranges
32 Frames and Fitting
12 Vacuum/Reverse Pressure Supports
33 Accessories
13 Holders
33-34 Accessory Range
13 Holder Types
14 Screwed, Welded and Adapter Type 35 Sizing and Selection
Assemblies 35 Vent Sizing
15 Optional Features 36 Enquiry Form
16 Location of Holder 37-38 Guide to Selection
17 Flange Sealing
18 Foolproofing Features
19 Fugitive Emissions

20 Accessories
20 Excess Flow Valve
21 Bursting Disc Indicators
22 Break Wire Indicators

23 Sizing and Selection


23 Material Selection
24 Enquiry Form
25-26 Guide to Selection

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Bursting Discs
INTRODUCTION

All pressurised systems, conforming to the appropriate National and International standards, are limited to a
maximum overpressure during pressure relief. In accordance with the EU Pressure Equipment Directive (P. E. D.),
all pressure equipment defined therein must have a pressure relief or control system that limits the maximum
overpressure to 1.1 x the maximum allowable design pressure of the equipment. A bursting disc safety device is
a recommended means for pressure relief, and in some cases the preferred device. It is also used as the ultimate
safety device should other pressure limiting equipment fail to function correctly. Marston bursting discs fulfil
these requirements to protect the pressurised equipment.

A bursting disc, often referred to as a rupture disc or a safety disc, is a non-reclosing pressure relief device.
The resultant release of the contents from the protected system must be controlled in accordance with local,
National and applicable EU/International rules and may necessitate the need for a fully contained relief system.

The use of a correctly designed bursting disc device, its assembly and fitting is essential. Bursting disc devices
are often fragile and need to be handled with care. They normally require a dedicated holder assembly.

Bursting disc devices function due to the


differential pressure applied across the disc.
All pressures acting on the disc, including those
induced by vent-side pressure, vacuum, system
draining or cleaning, must be considered during
specification.

Choosing the most appropriate bursting disc


device for a particular application depends on a
number of key factors. This guide has been
designed to assist the disc selection process.

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P R O D U C T I D E N T I F I C AT I O N
Identification and traceability of the thousands of Each bursting disc device supplied by Marston is
bursting discs and holders in use across the world allocated a unique equipment number that provides
today is critical. exact identification.

At Marston, every item carries a marking that can be All details of manufacture (including material identity
traced back to its original manufacture. for each item supplied) are recorded and archived.
Details can be tracked back over 40 years.

Holder Label

The equipment number is shown on the holder label,


disc assembly tag and also on the test certificate that is
supplied with each batch of discs.

Following the original supply, subsequent batches of


bursting discs add a suffix letter to the equipment
number to provide batch identification.

Example:
Original supply :
Holder E No. NT 1234
Bursting disc E No. NT 1234
(including reverse pressure support if required)
First re-order
of bursting discs E No. NT 1234 / A
Second re-order
of bursting discs E No. NT 1234 / B

Note:
The equipment number, together with an adequate
description including bursting pressure and
temperature, should be quoted for all replacement
orders.

Disc Tag

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P R O D U C T R A N G E - F O R WA R D A C T I N G B U R S T I N G D I S C S

NT / NR Conventional Simple Domed


Assemblies.
The simplest of all discs, usually a single domed
metallic foil which will probably fragment upon disc
rupture.

NTG / NRG Conventional Grooved Disc


Assemblies.
A single metallic foil which has grooved lines of
weakness and is designed to be non-fragmenting.
It will normally withstand vacuum conditions without
the aid of a vacuum support.

CS Composite Slotted Disc Assemblies


A forward acting disc which has two membranes.
A load-bearing slotted metallic outer membrane and a
weaker, usually fluoropolymer, seal membrane giving a
non-fragmenting design. This disc is widely used for
lower bursting pressures.

GR Graphite Discs
A flat graphite disc, impregnated with a high quality
resin, giving good corrosion resistance and low
bursting pressures. The unique GR arrangement is
designed to protect the disc from the effects of flange
bolt loading. This disc fragments on rupture.

Monobloc Graphite Discs


A flat graphite disc, impregnated with a high quality
resin, giving good corrosion resistance and low
bursting pressures. This disc does not require a
dedicated holder, and fragments on rupture.

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PRODUCT RANGE - REVERSE BUCKLING BURSTING DISCS

MN / MO Maxivent Assemblies
Usually a single foil disc which has the pressure applied
to its convex side. The dome inverts and is completely
expelled from its holder and stopped by an arrestor.

RBH Assemblies
Usually a single foil disc which has the pressure applied
to its convex side. The dome inverts and opens along
a peripheral groove. It is designed to be retained by its
hinge portion.

LRBH Assemblies
Usually a single foil disc which is designed specifically
for liquid duties. The pressure is applied to its convex
side. The dome inverts and opens along a peripheral
groove. It is designed to be retained by its hinge
portion.

SRBH Assemblies
This disc has two membranes. A load-bearing slotted
metallic membrane and a weaker, usually
fluoropolymer, seal membrane giving a non-
fragmenting design suitable for low bursting pressures.

RBX Assemblies
A single metallic foil which has pressure applied to the
convex side. The dome inverts and the disc opens
along radial grooved lines. It is designed to retain all
parts and withstand full vacuum without the aid of a
vacuum support.

GRB Graphite Disc Assemblies


A unique disc manufactured from pure graphite
powder. It is suitable for high temperatures and
extremely low bursting pressures. This disc will
fragment on rupture.

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T H E P R OT E C T I O N O F S A F E T Y VA LV E S *

Safety valve service life can be prolonged


by using a bursting disc in series with the
valve. The disc can be designed to be
fitted at the inlet or at the outlet of the
safety valve.

Bursting discs are:

1) Virtually leak free.

2) Capable of preventing the process


media attacking the internal parts of
the safety valve, either by providing
corrosion resistance or a physical
barrier.

3) Suitable for protecting the vent side


of the safety valve from the ingress of
moisture and associated debris from
the vent system.

Bursting discs are selected with a bore


size suitable for the appropriate inlet or
vent flange of the safety valve.
The free vent area of the bursting disc
used on the inlet side of the safety valve
is always substantially greater than that
of the valve.
A number of international standards are
available to allow the calculation of
suitable bursting disc sizes.

In all cases an excess flow valve is


advised to prevent any pressure build up
between the bursting disc and the safety
valve.

* Safety valves may also be referred to


as relief valves or safety relief
valves. Such valves are characterised by
their ability to relieve excessive
pressures at a pre-determined level and
to re-seal once that pressure has been
reduced to an acceptable, safe level. Such
devices provide re-closing pressure relief
and limit the quantity of product actually
released.

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Pressure and Temperature
G U I D E TO B U R S T I N G P R E S S U R E S

Bursting pressure capabilities for each type of bursting Please consult one of our Sales Engineers for bursting
disc vary depending on the design, size, material and pressures outside the ranges quoted in the table.
temperature.

MINIMUM / MAXIMUM BURSTING PRESSURES : Barg @ 20C

DISC TYPES
BORE NT CS NTG MAXI RBH LRB SRBH RBX GR/G2 MONO GRB
SIZE NR NRG VENT RBF BLOC
mm * * *

25 0.8 1.5 4.0 12.4 1.8 3.0 1.2 18.9 1.0 1.0 0.4
125 125 125 450 380 100 100 380 28.0 56 15

40 0.6 1.0 2.6 7.0 1.2 2.5 0.9 13.1 0.52 0.5
83 83 83 315 380 75 65 380 21.0 42

50 0.4 0.75 2.0 5.5 0.9 2.0 0.6 10.3 0.275 0.4 0.14
72 72 72 255 380 50 50 380 17.2 28 10

65 0.35 0.65 3.4 4.8 0.8 1.75 0.5 9.6 0.24 0.4
50 50 50 210 175 40 40 175 16.5 24

80 0.3 0.5 2.5 3.4 0.7 1.5 0.4 6.9 0.21 0.3 0.1
41 41 41 170 120 40 40 120 15.5 20 4.5

100 0.2 0.35 1.9 3.0 0.6 1.4 0.3 5.5 0.14 0.2 0.04
36 36 36 100 90 30 30 90 10.3 14 2.5

150 0.14 0.3 1.4 2.0 0.5 1.25 0.25 3.8 0.07 0.2 0.04
20 20 20 100 60 20 20 60 5.5 10.5 1.5

200 0.1 0.25 1.4 1.7 0.5 1.25 0.2 2.8 0.07 0.1
18 18 18 30 50 17.5 12.5 50 3.45 5.5

250 0.1 0.2 1.4 1.7 0.5 1.25 0.2 2.25 0.07 0.1
12.5 12.5 12.5 25 40 12 10 40 2.15 4.5

300 0.07 0.2 1.4 1.7 0.5 1.25 0.2 0.02


10 10 10 18 35 10 10 2.0

350 0.07 0.15 1.4 1.7 0.5 1.25 0.2 0.02


9.5 9.5 9.5 18 27.5 8.5 8.5 2.0

400 0.07 0.12 1.4 1.4 0.5 1.25 0.2 0.02


9 9 9 18 20 7.5 7.5 2.0

450 0.07 0.10 1.4 1.0 0.5 1.25 0.2 0.02


7 7 7 16 17 7 7.0 2.0

500 0.07 0.07 1.4 1.0 0.5 1.25 0.2


6 6 6 14 14 6.0 6.0

550 0.07 0.07 - 1.0


5.5 5.5 - 12

600 0.07 0.10 - 0.8


5 5 - 10

750 0.07 0.10


4 4

* Maximum pressures are for standard designs, for higher pressures a welded construction is also available (see page 17).
Extended size and pressure range is currently under development. Contact us for latest information. 10
T E M P E R AT U R E R A N G E S

Materials for bursting discs have a limited allowable The limitations of joint sealing materials must be
working temperature range. considered as well as possible corrosion from the
process or environmental conditions that prevail.
The table indicates the normal limits for commonly
used bursting disc materials.

MATERIAL -200C -100C 0C 100C 200C 300C 400C 500C 600C


ALUMINIUM
NICKEL
MONEL 400
INCONEL 600
HASTELLOY
ST ST 316
TANTALUM
FEP When used as a
PTFE corrosion protection
membrane.
PFA
Impreg. GRAPHITE
PURE GRAPHITE

I N F L U E N C E O F T E M P E R AT U R E
Bursting disc materials are affected by changes to pressure. The following graph shows the typical effect
temperature. In general, higher temperatures induce a of temperature on various bursting disc materials for
reduction of strength and consequently bursting forward-acting discs:

Reverse buckling discs are generally less affected by Where operating conditions dictate its use, a heat
temperature changes than equivalent forward acting shield can be fitted between the disc material and the
discs. Each batch of reverse buckling discs will be process to provide a thermal barrier. This may be to
affected differently, by factors other than just the preserve the disc integrity or to reduce heat loss.
material. A typical temperature effect graph is
Teflon FEP and Teflon PFA are trade marks of the Dupont
therefore not considered to be helpful. company.
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VA C U U M / R E V E R S E P R E S S U R E S U P P O R T S
Opening Type Vacuum Supports

Many simple conventional discs and most composite


slotted bursting discs are unable to withstand vacuum
conditions without assistance.

To allow them to be used for duties where vacuum is


a possibility, even if only whilst equipment is being
cleaned, a vacuum support can be fitted. Usually this
takes the form of a multi-petal design Opening Type
Support, which when the disc bursts, opens up to
provide a large flow area.

The Vacuum Support is permanently fixed to the


bursting disc to ensure correct fitting. Therefore a
new support does have to be supplied and fitted with
each bursting disc.

When calculating the disc size required, the Free Area


through the support must always be considered.

Auxiliary Support
In some applications, reverse pressures may exist
greater than atmospheric pressure. Often an Opening
Type Support alone will be sufficient. However, some-
times an additional Auxiliary Support is required. This
is designed to aid the opening support, whilst still
maintaining a large free flow area. This type of support
is often used in double disc assemblies, where a sec-
ondary disc is used to prevent an often variable
reverse pressure from affecting the performance of
the primary disc. This is common when several burst-
ing discs vent into a common line or flare stack. This
type of support is generally re-useable, with only the
opening support needing to be replaced.

Non-Opening Supports

Some discs, particularly graphite, use a permanent or


Non-Opening Type Vacuum Support. These supports
are not usually attached to the disc but fit immediately
upstream of the bursting disc, sometimes in a recess
provided within the holder.

These supports follow the form of the disc, whether it


be flat or domed, and have holes through which the
product flows when the disc bursts. These supports are
considered to be re-useable and therefore only one is
required for each position.

More consideration must be given to the flow area for


these supports as a typical free area through a
permanent support is around 60%. See the relevant disc
brochure for more details.

Generally, reverse buckling discs do not require any


additional support to withstand vacuum or reverse
pressure.
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Holders
HOLDER TYPES

The bursting disc holder can have a significant effect


on the performance of a bursting disc. The holder
provides an accurate location, sealing face, vent bore
size and form. Generally, holders will be
manufactured from stainless steel, though other
materials can be supplied when required. Holders
are normally non-torque sensitive.

Insert type

Marston provide holders specifically designed for


each disc type, and to fit the particular application.
Usually the holder will be an insert type; one that fits
within the flange bolt circle. This provides an easier
method of fitting replacement bursting discs since
fewer flange bolts need to be removed. Full face
holders with flange bolt holes can be supplied if
required.
Full face type

Holders usually consist of two annular rings that


provide a flat sealing flange for the bursting disc.
Consequently, the performance of the disc should be
unaffected by excessive flange bolt loading. (Certain Pre-assembled holder
graphite assemblies require close control of the
flange bolt torque.) Most holders are supplied with
assembly screws. These can be simply to hold the
assembly together whilst fitting onto the plant, or,
for pre-torque type holders, they are tightened to
pre-set values to ensure an adequate joint is Pre-torqued holder
achieved between the disc and holder before
installing onto the plant. More details of both types
of holders can be found in the individual product
brochures.

For sizes up to 250mm bore, the holder will usually


provide dome protection. Larger sizes are often
Protected dome
supplied without dome protection and where
conditions allow, simple clamp rings may be
acceptable. Where the bursting disc dome is not
protected, extreme care must be taken when fitting
to prevent damage.
Unprotected dome

For large assemblies, where the holder weight


exceeds 25kg, or where it is considered beneficial
for handling purposes, Marston will make provision
for suitable lifting attachments. Lifting eyebolt

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S C R E W E D, W E L D E D A N D A D A P T O R T Y P E A S S E M B L I E S

Where simple flanged joints are not practical, pressurised vessel or for fitting directly into pipelines.
alternative designs are available. Marston have the Where it is practical, the discs may be scored so that
experience and expertise to supply a wide variety of they petal open.
screwed assemblies and fully welded units, to satisfy
the most arduous of requirements. These allow for Various types are illustrated, with special designs
screwing a disc holder unit into the main body of the prepared as required.

TYPE TYPICAL
CONNECTION

AM
1
/4 to 11/4 NPT / BSP
A screwed adaptor as illustrated with male
connection threads. Special designs are often
manufactured to customers requirements.
The standard pressure range is up to 700
barg but higher pressures can be made to
special order.

AF 1
/4 to 11/4 NPT / BSP
A screwed adaptor as illustrated with female
connection threads. Special designs are often
manufactured to customers requirements.
The standard pressure range is up to 700
barg but higher pressures can be made to
special order.

WA Up to 6/150mm NB.
A flanged type assembly suitable for A flanged design for installing
the disc close to the process.
applications up to 100 barg.

WA 1
/4 to 1 BSP
A plug type assembly suitable for applications 1
/4 to 1 NPT
up to 100 barg.

WA
A stem type welded assembly for /2 UNF - standard
1

Other sizes available


applications such as the protection of rubber
or plastic extrusion presses. The disc is
brazed or welded to the screwed stem

LR
A lens ring style bursting disc. This is
/8 to 2 NB
3

another method of mounting a disc in high 8 to 50mm NB


pressure pipework. It provides a leaktight
seal at pressures up to 700 barg.

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O P T I O N A L F E AT U R E S

Pressure Tappings
Tappings for monitoring equipment can be
incorporated in the vent-side of the holder, or in the
pressure-side if required. Any thread form and size is
usually possible but this may in some cases require an
increase in holder dimensions.

Corrosion Protection
For corrosive environments, holders manufactured
from resistant materials may prove costly. One
possible alternative offered by Marston is the Glass
Filled-PTFE insert that also provides a non-stick
surface. For extreme conditions a resistant metal
liner such as nickel or tantalum may be suitable.

Steam Heating
Where the duty may be prone to polymerisation the
holder can be heated. This can be achieved by
introducing a chamber around the holder body and
passing either hot water or steam through to prevent
the product from cooling and solidifying.

High Pressure
When the bursting pressures exceed the limits for
standard holder designs to retain the disc satisfacto-
rily, alternative designs are available. Wedge type
holders can be supplied on request but their perform-
ance can be affected by possible misalignment or
incorrect torque of the plant flange bolts. For this
reason, Marston would recommend the use of discs
with welded edge rings for high pressures that fit into
a simple recessed holder.

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L O C AT I O N O F H O L D E R B E T W E E N F L A N G E S

To ensure that the bursting disc holder is installed an outside diameter manufactured specifically to suit
concentrically, each Marston bursting disc holder has its corresponding flange.

Holder heights are available on request.

TA B L E O F O U T S I D E D I A M E T E R S Capsule Holders, to fit within the ring of flange bolts as shown above

Flange Rating Holder Outside Diameter for Nominal Bores (mm)


ANSI PN 25 40 50 65 80 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600
150 66 85 104 123 136 174 222 279 339 409 450 514 549 606 717
10 73 94 109 129 144 164 220 275 330 380 440 491 - 596 698
300 73 95 111 130 149 181 251 308 362 422
16 73 94 109 129 144 164 220 275 331
25 73 94 109 129 144 170 226 286 343
600 73 95 111 130 149 194 266
40 73 94 109 129 144 170 226
900 79 98 143 165 168 205
63/64 84 105 115 140 150 176
1500 79 98 143 165 174
100-164 84 105 121 146 156
2500 85 117 146
250 85 111 126

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FLANGE SEALING

Bursting disc holders can usually be provided Flat gasket joint O ring joint for
to satisfy the requirements of any type of minimum leakage
flange sealing arrangement. The diagrams
below illustrate typical examples. Flange joints
(i.e. those between the holder and the mating
flanges) will normally be provided by the
customer. Marston will supply gaskets for
bursting discs that are designed to be fitted
directly between flanges, such as the
Monobloc graphite disc.

Ring type joint for high Tongue and groove


pressure/temperature

TA B L E O F F A C E T O F A C E D I M E N S I O N S
Bore Size
TYPE 25 40 50 65 80 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600
Std 21 21 21 25 25 30 41 50 60 - - - - - -
CST 1/4 NPT 30 30 30 30 30 30 41 50 60 - - - - - -
1/2 NPT 38 38 38 38 38 38 42 50 60 - - - - - -
Conn Head 42 42 42 42 42 42 46 50 60 - - - - - -
Std 21 22 25 30 33 43 59 72 - - - - - - -
NT 1/4 NPT 30 30 30 30 33 43 59 72 - - - - - - -
1/2 NPT 38 38 38 38 38 43 59 72 - - - - - - -
Conn Head 42 42 42 42 42 43 59 72 - - - - - - -
Std 38 38 38 38 38 38 47 56 68 78 84 94 102 108 127
CSB 1/4 NPT 46 46 46 46 46 46 46 56 68 78 84 94 102 108 127
CSB-T 1/2 NPT 54 54 54 54 54 54 54 56 68 78 84 94 102 108 127
Conn Head 58 58 58 58 58 58 58 58 68 78 84 94 102 108 127
Std 26 27 28 30 30 32 43 55 70 85 100 110 125 135 -
RBH 1/4 NPT 36 37 38 40 40 42 51 63 78 93 110 120 130 140 -
RBH-T 1/2 NPT 48 49 50 52 52 54 63 75 90 105 118 128 138 148 -
Conn Head 52 53 54 56 56 58 67 79 94 109 122 132 142 152 -
Std 72 72 57 62 64 85 116 148 169 198 223 255 277 296 344
MV-A 1/4 NPT 72 72 57 62 64 85 116 148 169 198 223 255 277 296 344
1/2 NPT 72 72 57 62 64 85 116 148 169 198 223 255 277 296 344
Conn Head 72 72 57 62 64 85 116 148 169 198 223 255 277 296 344
Std 17 19 21 24 28 33 37 41 47 - - - - - -
GR 1/4 NPT 33 35 37 39 42 45 48 52 57 - - - - - -
1/2 NPT 41 43 45 47 50 53 56 60 65 - - - - - -
Conn Head 45 47 49 51 54 57 60 64 69 - - - - - -
Std 17 - 20 - 30 35 52 - - - - - - - -
GRB 1/4 NPT 31 - 32 - 36 41 52 - - - - - - - -
1/2 NPT 39 - 40 - 44 49 60 - - - - - - - -
Conn Head 43 - 44 - 48 53 64 - - - - - - - -
Monobloc Std 14 17 21 22 22 25 29 35 38 - - - - - -

Other sizes / options may be available. Please consult Marston.


17
F O O L P R O O F I N G F E AT U R E S

A wrongly installed bursting disc can be disastrous. The holder can also be provided with installation
For this reason, where possible, Marston bursting disc inhibitors such as J bolts. These prevent the holder
assemblies are fitted with a foolproofing feature which from being installed incorrectly between the plant
is incorporated within the disc tag and holder identity flanges. (See accessories on page 22 for details.) Other
label. methods can be considered such as dowels, or tongue
and groove flanges, to ensure correct installation.
Marston holders have a permanently attached stainless
steel identity label. This uniquely identifies the holder When these features are combined with Marston
type and equipment number. It also indicates the comprehensive installation instructions, quick and
correct holder orientation relative to flow. simple installation is ensured.

The disc is fitted with a notched stainless steel tag as The photographs show the offset label on the holder
shown below. This uniquely identifies the disc type, its and the notch on one side of the neck of the disc
equipment number and batch, the rated bursting identification tag.
pressure and temperature, the design code and also
indicates the vent side of the disc. These foolproofing features aid correct assembly and
prevent incorrect assembly (as demonstrated in the
The combination of the notched tag and the offset two lower photographs).
identity label, prevents the incorrect assembly of the
disc to the holder.

Offset label on Holder Notched Disc Tag

Correct Assembly Incorrect Assembly

18
FUGITIVE EMISSIONS: LEAK TIGHTNESS ACROSS DISC SEALING FLANGE

FEATURES LEAK TIGHTNESS


mbar.l/s

Metal to metal joint 1 x 10-4

Gasket fitted to process side :


G-9900 (Graphite-based ) 1 x 10-4
AFM 34 (Asbestos free ) 1 x 10-4
AFM 30 ( Asbestos free ) 1 x 10-4
PTFE 1 x 10-4
GYLON BLUE (PTFE) 1 x 10-5

O rings incorporated :
PTFE 1 x 10-6
VITON 1 x 10-6
Silver-coated metal 1 x 10-8

Disc welded to holder ZERO

Type MN : flat gasket :


G-9900 ( Graphite based ) 1 x 10-3
AFM 34 (Asbestos free ) 1 x 10-3
PTFE / GYLON 1 x 10-4

Type MO : O rings :
PTFE 1 x 10-4
VITON 1 x 10-6
Silver coated metal 1 x 10-8

19
Accessories
E X C E S S F L O W VA LV E S

Excess flow valves (EFV) may be fitted to prevent back a horizontal mode. In the event of the disc rupturing,
pressure developing between a bursting disc and, for the excess flow valve will seal the vent system under
example, a safety relief valve during normal plant the influence of the pressure pulse.
operation. The excess flow valves should be fitted in

EFV

Standard Dimensions (BSP or NPT)

M 1/4 1/2
F 1/8 1/4

Pressure Gauges
Pressure gauges are normally supplied by the
user, although Marston is able to supply them
on request.

Jack Screws
To help users to separate the bursting disc
holder from the system flanges during overhaul,
or following an incident, jack-screws may be
required. These are normally incorporated into
pipe-flange drillings, although Marston can supply
suitable screws if requested.

J Bolt
It is important that bursting disc assemblies are
mounted in the correct orientation relative to the
flow direction. Although the holder is stamped with a
flow arrow, and the vent-side is also shown on the
holder and disc labels, it is often a requirement that
the installation is foolproofed. One such example is
a J bolt (as shown) which is welded to the holder and
locates in a corresponding hole in one of the flanges.
Other methods are also available.

20
B U R S T D I S C I N D I C AT O R S

Once a bursting disc has ruptured, it is often beneficial plant control room. This then instigates the shutdown
to shut down relevant plant equipment as quickly as of the relevant equipment.
possible. One common method of achieving this is to
fit a Burst Disc Indicator. A Burst Disc Indicator is a Recognising industries need to minimise maintenance
simple circuit, usually fitted downstream of the time, Marston now introduce the latest design in Burst
bursting disc. The signal is usually received in the Disc Indication.

MAS (MAGNETIC ALARM SYSTEM)

The Marston MAS eliminates the need to disconnect Magnet


Sensor
Retaining Screw
the electrical supply to the rupture disc assembly,
reducing changeover time.

A sensor is located in the vent side of the assembly,


retained by a screwed compression fitting. The hole
into which the sensor fits does not pass through to
the holder bore, therefore the sensor does not come
into contact with the product contained in the vent
line. Attached to the vent side of the disc is a small
but powerful magnet. The magnetic field that it
The Marston MAS provides an integral, leak tight
generates is detected by the sensor. When the disc
detector. The sensor, once fitted, does not need to be
ruptures, the magnetic field moves away and activates
renewed when replacing the rupture disc. It can be
the sensor. This simple switching effect can be used to
unscrewed from the holder and replaced when the
initiate an alarm or a programmed shutdown
new disc is fitted. When the disc is replaced, the new
procedure.
disc includes a magnet already fitted which ensures
that it will be installed in the correct position.

MAS WITH CONNECTION HEAD

Where an exposed cable is unfavourable, the MAS harsh environment of an industrial plant; instead, they
sensor is available with an integral connection head pass through a connecting tube between the holder
where the wires terminate inside the head which is and the connection head via an O-Ring seal.
rated IP68. The wires are never subjected to the often

Magnet Sensor O-Ring

Connection Pipe Connection Head

21
B R E A K W I R E I N D I C AT O R S

Marston also manufactures break wire type Burst Both operate in the same fundamental manner; a small
Indicators. Depending on their design they can either current passes around a normally closed circuit. When
be fitted directly to the bursting disc or fitted the disc activates the flow breaks the membrane
remotely between the holder and the downstream carrying the circuit which causes the current to be
pipe flange. This type can be fitted to existing disc interrupted, indicating disc failure.
assemblies or to safety relief valves.

D I R E C T M O U N T E D I N D I C ATO R S

The direct mounted type has the circuit, or Indicator and connect to pins on a pressure tight, feed through
Loop, fixed to the disc. The attached wires then pass seal. Short wires on the other side of the seal then
through the vent side holder, along a connection pipe terminate in the connection head.

Burst Disc Indicator fitted


directly to vent side of the disc.

R E M O T E I N D I C AT O R S

The remote burst disc indicator has the circuit fixed


to a membrane and is used on the downstream side of
the holder, replacing the usual gasket. The remote
design is not only available for new installations but
can also be fitted to existing equipment and can even
be used downstream of safety relief valves. Note that
remote burst indicators are not suitable for use with
Burst Disc Indicator
Ring Type Joints or Tongue and Groove flange faces. for remote fitting
between holder and
There are two types of remote burst indicator, the vent side flange.
traditional plastic membrane or a more robust metal
design. The metal design allows the use of corrosion
resistant metals which permit their use at higher All Marston Burst Disc Indicators have been approved
temperatures. to II 1 GD 85C EEx ia IIC T6 (-20C Ta +75C);
i.e. they do not induce or release sufficient electrical
Both of the remote designs are available with a energy when they function to cause an explosion even
connector mounted directly onto the unit with its in the most hazardous environment, Zone 0.
mating part fitted to a flying lead for permanent
installation into the plant. The wiring does not The system requires a 100mA maximum supply feed
therefore need to be disconnected from the plant* from an appropriate isolator barrier.
when changing the burst indicator, simply unplug the
connector, fit a new burst indicator, and reconnect Note:
the plug. When a Zener barrier is used, the holder must be earthed
to inhibit high circulating currents.
*Subject to plant and other local regulations and isolating Burst Disc Indicators are components which have been
the feed if required. considered NOT to require EMC testing on their own. It is
the users responsibility to ensure compliance with the EMC
Directive in relation to their particular system.
22
Sizing and Selection
M AT E R I A L S E L E C T I O N
Materials will normally conform to those listed below. Other materials are also available.

D I S C / VA C U U M S U P P O R T M AT E R I A L
Material Name Number ASME / ASTM UNS No
*St.St.316 X5CrNiMo 17 12 2 1.4401 SA / A240 - 316 S31600
*St.St.316L X3CrNiMo 17 13 3 1.4436 SA / A240 - 316L S31603
St.St.321 X6CrNiTi 18 10 1.4541 SA / A240 - 321 S32100
*Nickel 200 NA 11 2.4060 SB / B162 - N02200 N02200
*Monel 400 NA 13 2.4360 SB / B127 - N04400 N04400
*Inconel 600 2.4816 SB / B168 - N06600 N06600
Inconel 625 2.4856 SB / B443 - N06625 N06625
*Hastelloy C276 2.4602 SB / B575 - N10276 N10276
*Tantalum B708 - R05200 R05200
Titanium Gr1 3.7025 SB / B265 - R50250 R50250
EN ISO 4126-2, Annex A, provides a list of all the recommended metallic foils for bursting discs.
Non-metalic foils include Graphite, Teflon-PFA and PTFE.
Note: Teflon FEP and Teflon PFA are trade marks of the Dupont Company

H O L D E R M AT E R I A L
Material Name Number ASME / ASTM UNS No
Carbon Steel BS 3146-1 1.0037 SA / A105 K03504
SS 304 X5CrNi 18 10 1.4301 SA / A479 - 304 S30400
SA / A182 - 304
SS 316 X5CrNiMo 17 12 2 1.4401 SA / A479 - 316 S31600
SA / A182 - 316
*SS 316L X3CrNiMo 17 13 3 1.4436 SA / A479 - 316L S31603
SA / A182 - 316L
SS 321 X6CrNiTi 18 10 1.4541 SA / A479 - 321 S32100
SA / A182 - 321
Super Austenitic 254SMO 1.4547 SA / A479 - S31254 S31254
SA / A182 - S31254
Duplex 22Cr5NiMON 1.4462 SA / A479 - S31803 S31803
SA / A182 - S31803
Nickel 200 NA 11 2.4060 SB / B160 - N02200 N02200
Monel 400 NA 13 2.4360 SB / B164 - N04400 N04400
Inconel 600 2.4816 SB / B166 - N06600 N06600
Inconel 625 2.4856 SB / B446 - N06625 N06625
Hastelloy C276 2.4602 SB / B574 - N10276 N10276
Tantalum B708 - R05200 R05200
Titanium Gr1 3.7025 SB / B348 - R50250 R50250
EN ISO 4126-2, Annex B, provides a list of all the recommended metallic materials for bursting disc holders.
ASME Section 2 details holder material requirements for ASME UD certified bursting discs
*Denotes standard materials.
TYPE Material Maximum Maximum
G A S K E T M AT E R I A L Pressure (@20C) Temperature
FLAT GASKET AFM 34 100 Bar 250C
The table lists the common jointing materials AFM 30 100 Bar 200C
G-9900 138 Bar 550C
(as shown on page 19), detailing the maximum Gylon Blue 55 Bar 250C
pressures and temperatures at which they can be used. PTFE 55 Bar 250C
O RING Viton 250 Bar 150C
PTFE 350 Bar 250C
23 Silver Plated St.St. 1000 Bar 600C
Wobaston Road, Fordhouses,
Wolverhampton WW10 6QJ, England
Telephone +44 (0)1902 623550
Facsimile +44 (0)1902 623555
Email marston@safetysystemsuk.com
Web www.safetysystemsuk.com

To enable Marston to supply the optimum Bursting A size and select CD programme is also available on
Disc Device, certain basic information is essential. request. This allows the user to perform sizing and
Photocopy this page, completing as much information capacity calculations in accordance with selected
as possible and forward to the contact details above. international standards.

Company Name: Reference:


Contact Name: Telephone: Fax:

Tag Number
Service conditions Upstream of Disc
Medium in contact with disc
Gas / Liquid / Vapour MW / SG cp/cv / Visc
Risk of polymerisation?
Normal maximum operating pressure & temperature
Vacuum conditions
Pressure pulsations / Cycling: Give details
Service conditions Downstream of Disc
Medium in contact with disc
Gas / Liquid / Vapour
Normal operating pressure & temperature
Maximum operating pressure & temperature
Vacuum conditions
Installation
Nominal size (or mass flow rate)
Flange standard / facing
Bursting pressure
Temperature at bursting pressure
Sole relieving device / u/s of safety relief valve
Is tapping required? If yes give size
Acceptable disc materials
Acceptable holder materials - upstream
Acceptable holder materials - downstream
Vessel / pipe material
Flange gaskets - type & material
Is fragmentation allowed?
Design pressure
Design code
Accessories
Burst disc indicator Y/N
Excess flow gauge Y/N
Pressure gauge Y/N
Flange bolts Y/N
Jack screws Y/N
Any other relevant information / sketch
Use additional sheet if necessary
Quantities
Discs
Holders

24
G U I D E TO B U R S T I N G D I S C S E L E C T I O N ASME
VIII
The following information is presented as an aid to bursting disc selection. It will guide the
user through certain criteria to give a general assessment of the choice of bursting disc for Applications Kr
a particular application. It will help to
eliminate those which are unsuitable for
specific reasons 1 2 3
NT/NR 4 5
APPLICATIONS 7 8

FORWARD ACTING BURSTING DISCS


1
Simple application
where a disc is the 1 2 3
primary safety device NTG/NRG 4 5 0.6
on a pressurised 6 7 8
system

1 2 3
2
Simple application
CS 4 5 0.4 / 1.2
where a disc is the 6 7 8
primary safety device.
Negative pressure
may require a reverse 1 2 3
pressure support. LPCS 4 5
6 7 8
3
Two discs mounted
in parallel with 1 2 3
interlocked valves GR/G2 4 5
enabling rapid 7
changeover from a
ruptured disc to a
second disc.
MONO 1
4
2
5
3

4
Two discs mounted
BLOC 7
in series. Used where
process media is
likely to attack a disc
material. 1 2 3
MN/MO 4 5
5 6 7 8
REVERSE BUCKLING BURSTING DISCS

A disc used as a
secondary safety
1 2 3
device. In the event
of safety valve failure
RBH/ 4 5 0.5 / 1.0
to vent, the disc RBF 6 7 8
provides the ultimate
protection.
1 2 3
6
A disc used to
LRBH 6
4
7
5
8
1.0

protect a safety valve.


Essential in some
corrosive or viscous
1 2 3
applications. SRBH 4 5

6 7 8
7
Where corrosion
could attack the
1 2 3
ventside of a safety
valve, discs may be
RBX 4 5 1.0
6 7 8
employed as a
protection.
1 2 3
8
4 5
Two discs mounted GRB 7

in series. Used where
multiple relief
streams vent into a (i) Under certain conditions a Vacuum or (ii)The Operating or Working Ratio is the ratio of the
common manifold. Reverse Pressure Support may be required. Working Pressure to the minimum tolerance Burst
This depends on the disc size, material and Pressure. Reverse Buckling discs can offer a higher
25 rating. Refer to the individual Product capability than Conventional Tensile-loaded discs.This ratio
Brochure for more detailed information. can be affected by disc material and operating temperature.
Pressure Size Relief SRV Support Leak Operating Pulsating
Range Range Phase Isolation Required for Tightness Pressure Fragmentation Pressure
NB Vacuum mbar. l/s Ratio @ 20C Capability
Bar g mm Gas/Liquid Duty (i) @ 20C (ii) (iii) (iv)

0.3
to
1030
3
to
1200 7 Generally
Required
1 x 10 -6 0.75

0.3 25
NOT
to to
Required 1 x 10 -6 0.80
1030 800

0.07 25
to to Required 1 x 10 -3 0.80
125 1100

0.08 25
to to Required 1 x 10 -3 0.50
10 300

7
0.07 25 Required
to to where 1 x 10 -2 0.80
28.0 450 Pb<1.7barg

0.1
to
56
25
to
350
7 Required
where
Pb<1.7barg
1 x 10 -2 0.80

0.1 25 Generally
to to NOT 1 x 10 -4 0.95
450 1200 (v) Required

0.5 25 Generally
to to NOT 1 x 10 -4 0.95
100 500 (v) Required

Generally
3.0 25
to to
NOT 1 x 10 -4 0.95
Required
100 500

0.2 25 Generally
to to 1 x 10 -3 0.90
Required
100 500

2.25 25 Generally
to to NOT 1 x 10 -4 0.95
(v) Required
380 250

0.04
to
15
25
to
150
7 Required
where
Pb<1.2barg
1 x 10 -3 0.90

(iii) Fragmentation of the Disc during (iv) The effects of pulsating or cyclic pressures on (v) A gas/vapour space, or energising volume,
bursting may be unacceptable. Certain discs discs need to be considered. Reverse buckling discs is required if these discs are to be used on
are designed to eliminate the likelihood of generally offer greater resistance to cyclic conditions liquid applications.
fragmentation. than conventional discs.
26
Explosion Vent Panels
INTRODUCTION

The occurrence normally called


an explosion is more accurately Pmax
referred to as a deflagration.
This is the rapid burning of a Pmax Maximum pressure generated
during an unvented explosion
mixture of dust or gas within
Pred Reduced explosion pressure
an oxygen-rich atmosphere
generated as a result of fitting
(typically air) leading to a very a venting device
rapid pressure rise inside the Pstat Static opening pressure of the
vessel or system. Unless this Pred venting device
pressure is relieved the vessel
or system can be ruptured, Pstat
causing the products of the
rapid combustion to be Time
released uncontrollably.
This results in the devastating effect referred to as an explosion, causing widespread damage to plant and
personnel.

Operators of plant handling flammable gases are well aware of the dangers of explosions and the need for
continual care and attention to prevent ignition. Perhaps less well known is that there is a similar risk when
handling materials that produce dusty conditions, such as foodstuffs, grain, sugar, coal and some plastics and
metals. Where dusts can be present and suspended in the atmosphere, then an equally disastrous explosion can
occur if the mixture is ignited.

The severity of an explosion can be affected by a number of factors, which are often inter-related.
The damage that an explosion can cause is directly related to the pressure that can be generated. This pressure
is affected by the individual characteristics of the dust or gas, the volume and geometry of the vessel being
operated and the strength or rupture pressure of the weakest section of the vessel.
Dusts and gases burning uncontrollably within a vessel can rapidly generate pressures up to
10 Barg (145 Psig) or higher. Unless the vessel is sufficiently strong this high pressure will cause the vessel to
deform or even rupture at its weakest point. Where such vessels are long and relatively narrow the weak point
could be the end-cap. The resultant explosion could induce a fierce jet effect.

A correctly sized and fitted explosion vent panel, or group of panels, will help to reduce the likelihood of major
damage to the vessel and anything nearby.
The vent panel will open at a low pressure and allow the pressure to be released.

The vent area is dependent on the geometry of the equipment being protected. Elongated equipment can
develop very high pressure as a result of pressure piling, resulting in detonations if the explosion is incorrectly
vented.

Care must be exercised when considering venting, in particular the safe siting of the vent panel. In the event of
an explosion, flame, product (both burnt and unburnt) and pressure waves will result.
The equipment being protected will also need to be capable of withstanding the internal pressure and any
resulting reaction forces due to the venting process.

Often, protected equipment will be located indoors, in areas where it is impractical or unsafe to vent. In these
instances it may be possible to vent the explosion through an outside wall, via a duct. The duct should be as
short and straight as possible to minimise its effects on the venting process. A vent may need to be considerably
larger if a duct is used.

27
Who is at Risk?
Many industries are at risk of an explosion. The more common ones are:
Paper
Pharmaceutical
Food
Wood
Aggregates
Plastics
Metal fines
In addition, bulk-handling systems in any industry may be at risk. Equipment such as Blenders, Dryers Cyclones
and Mills are the source of many explosions, not forgetting Filters and Silos, which together account for almost
half of reported explosions. Consideration must also be given to connecting equipment. Conveyors, Ducts and
Elevators are common sources of explosions. Interconnected equipment must be given special attention as an
explosion propagating from one piece of equipment to another can cause even more devastation than one in
isolation.

The ignition can originate from many sources, such as sparks, friction, mechanical failures, flames or even static.

It is very often impossible to eliminate every ignition source, or prevent completely the risk of an explosion.
Therefore venting is probably the most economical form of protection for your plant.

The Solution
Explosion vent panels provide an economical method of minimising the effects of an explosion.

When equipment is unvented, high pressure can quickly be generated. In many cases this pressure is sufficient to
cause permanent and sometimes catastrophic damage.
Marston explosion vent panels are a recognised and effective solution. These panels are of a lightweight
construction and are designed to open and vent, providing almost instantaneous relief at low pressures, typically
0.1 Bar (1.5 Psig). Care must be exercised when siting the vent to ensure that the products of any resulting
explosion are directed to a safe location, minimising the risk of damage or injury.
Marston explosion vent panels provide a fully certified,
reliable, maintenance free solution to the problem of
explosion venting. They are designed to be non-
fragmenting and are simple to install on both new and
existing equipment.

28
C S P E X P L O S I O N V E N T PA N E L S

The CSP type explosion vent panel is a traditional


composite slotted design.

The opening pressure is controlled by the slotted


metal membrane, whilst the system integrity is
provided by the seal membrane, usually manufactured
from Teflon.

Primarily this type of vent is flat, but it can just as


easily be domed to suit operating conditions.

Under steady conditions, flat panels may operate at up


to 50% of the minimum activation pressure, whilst
domed panels may operate at up to 70%. Neither is
suitable for vacuum conditions, unless a support is
fitted.

This design of panel provides accurate, cost effective


explosion protection on equipment generally
operating at, or near to atmospheric conditions.

T S P E X P L O S I O N V E N T PA N E L S

The TSP type explosion vent panel


moves one step further from the CSP Vent side frame

type with the addition of a second


slotted membrane on the process side.

Slotted Membrane
This gives the panel some resistance to
vacuum without adding a support. It
also protects the delicate Teflon seal
membrane from abrasion.

Like the CSP membrane this too can


Seal Membrane
be flat or domed and can be provided
with additional support where higher
vacuum conditions prevail. Process Side Membrane
(TSP only)

A flat TSP explosion vent panel will


withstand pressures of up to 25% of its
minimum pressure, in both directions. Gasket
Domed panels will withstand 40% of
Process Side Frame
their activation pressure, but generally
no vacuum. In the event of greater
Mesh Support
levels of vacuum a support can (Where required)
generally be fitted.

29
A P P L I C AT I O N S

Explosion vent panels can be used for almost any Elevators/Conveyors


application where explosion relief is required. This
Long, small section equipment needs to be approached
could range from a simple storage silo to a
in a different way to that detailed on pages 5 and 6.
complicated processing system. Each application
It is common to fit vents of a size equal to the cross
requires individual appraisal and consideration to
section of the equipment at regular intervals. Contact
ensure that the correct venting device is employed.
Marston for more assistance.

Some of the more common equipment where venting


Mills/Grinders
may be required is discussed in the following
paragraphs, along with some of the special Often mills and grinders are built strong enough so
considerations that need to be addressed. that they will withstand a deflagration. If venting is
required, special attention needs to be given to
Silos vibration and its effect on a relatively weak venting
device.
A silo as an individual piece of equipment poses no
real problems although any ancillary equipment
Interconnected Equipment
associated with them may. The only real concern in
many cases is the length to diameter ratio discussed in Greater care must be taken when considering
the sizing section. Often silos are long and as a result explosion protection in one piece of equipment that is
require large vent areas to protect them. linked to another. The ensuing explosion, which
occurs as a result of an explosion propagating from
Filters/Separators another source, can be far more violent than an
isolated incident. Vent areas may need to be doubled
Explosion vents should always be located on the dirty
to provide satisfactory relief. Contact Marston for
side of the filter elements, and in a position that is not
further assistance.
obstructed by the filter units. When determining the
volume being protected, consideration should be given
to the effect of any explosion on the filter units.
Will they collapse or burn, resulting in a much larger
volume than first estimated?

Cyclones
Cyclones require smooth internal surfaces to allow
them to work effectively. Often, due to their relatively
weak construction, it is not possible to fit sufficient
vent area onto the flat, top face of the vortex. In this
case, consideration should be given to a curved panel
which can be designed to follow the shape of the
cylinder.

Dryers
Spray dryers in particular tend to have large volumes,
which in turn require large vent areas. The explosion
vent may then become a major source of heat loss,
reducing the dryers efficiency. Panel selection should
be made with this in mind, using a heat shield to
reduce the heat loss where necessary.

30
Pressure and Temperature
MINIMUM OPENING PRESSURES

CSP Nominal Diameter/Minimum Opening Length


Units
Seal Material mm 250 300 350 400 500 600 750 1000 1200 Max
(ins) (10) (12) (14) (16) (20) (24) (30) (40) (48) Temp
FEP/PFA Barg 0.16 0.16 0.12 0.12 0.08 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 200C
(Psig) (2.4) (2.4) (1.8) (1.8) (1.2) (0.75) (0.75) (0.75) (0.75) (390F)
PTFE Barg 0.2 0.2 0.15 0.15 0.1 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 250C
(Psig) (2.9) (2.9) (2.2) (2.2) (1.5) (1.0) (1.0) (1.0) (1.0) (480F)
Aluminium Barg 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 425C
(Psig) (4.4) (4.4) (4.4) (4.4) (4.4) (4.4) (4.4) (800F)

Note: If a Heat Shield is used it may be possible to use at higher temperatures. See Accessories section.

TSP Nominal Diameter/Minimum Opening Length


Units
Seal Material mm 250 300 350 400 500 600 750 1000 1200 Max
(ins) (10) (12) (14) (16) (20) (24) (30) (40) (48) Temp
FEP/PFA Barg 0.25 0.25 0.2 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.1 0.07 0.07 200C
(Psig) (3.6) (3.6) (2.9) (2.9) (2.2) (1.5) (1.5) (1.0) (1.0) (390F)
PTFE Barg 0.3 0.3 0.25 0.25 0.18 0.1 0.1 0.08 0.08 250C
(Psig) (4.4) (4.4) (3.6) (3.6) (2.6) (1.5) (1.5) (1.2) (1.2) (480F)
Aluminium Barg 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 425C
(Psig) (5.8) (5.8) (5.8) (5.8) (5.8) (5.8) (5.8) (800F)

Note: If a Heat Shield is used it may be possible to use at higher temperatures. See Accessories section.

PTX Panel Size Reference

Material Units 645. 710. 645. 710. 920. 1000. 920. 1000. 1000. Max
365 450 645 710 586 710 920 920 1000 Temp
Stainless Steel Barg 0.1 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.07 0.07 0.07 300C
(Psig) (1.5) (1.5) (0.75) (0.75) (0.75) (0.75) (1.0) (1.0) (1.0) (570F)
Nickel Barg 0.1 0.1 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 400C
(Psig) (1.5) (1.5) (0.75) (0.75) (0.75) (0.75) (750F)
Inconel Barg 0.1 0.1 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 550C
(Psig) (1.5) (1.5) (1.0) (1.0) (1.0) (1.0) (1020F)
Aluminium Barg 0.07 0.07 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 100C
(Psig) (1.0) (1.0) (0.75) (0.75) (0.75) (0.75) (0.75) (0.75) (0.75) (212F)

Note: If a Heat Shield is used it may be possible to use at higher temperatures. See Accessories section.
Marston explosion vent panels can meet or exceed the advisory limits recommended in the
various codes and guides. For details or to discuss pressure requirements below the limits
set out above, the engineer, contractor or user should contact the factory direct.

Tolerances Activation Pressure CSP TSP PTX


The table opposite lists tolerances for Marston < 0.07 Barg (<1.0 Psig) 50% 50% 40%
explosion vent panels when used in a Marston
0.07 0.09 Barg (1.0 1.3 Psig) 30% 30% 25%
approved frame. In some instances it may be
0.1 0.3 Barg (1.4 4.3 Psig) 25% 25% 20%
necessary to increase tolerances where the frame
is not in accordance with Marston limits. > 0.3 Barg (>4.3 Psig) 20% 20% 15%

31
Frames
FRAMES AND FITTING

Marston explosion vent panels are usually mounted cleaning, or it could be a reverse pressure such as
into a bolted frame to enable them to be fitted onto wind loading. Whatever the reason, any restriction
the equipment they are protecting. Using a frame must be taken into account when establishing the
guarantees the opening size and therefore the required vent area.
accuracy of the opening pressure. They also ease the
installation procedure in many cases. The frame Generally frames are constructed from either Stainless
section employed by Marston is generally flat which Steel or Carbon Steel, although it is possible for other
allows the user to bolt directly to the protected materials to be considered.
equipment and allows the simple connection of
downstream ducting. The frames can be supplied with Marston are always ready to provide a custom
either the Marston recommended hole configuration, designed solution to satisfy the individual needs of the
or to suit the clients own or existing arrangement. customer. This can involve differing shapes and sizes,
rectangular, circular, semi-circular, trapezoidal,
In some instances, the frames may be fitted with a triangular and even curved panels are just some of the
support grid or mesh. This can be to prevent shapes available.
implosion of a membrane or to prevent injury to
personnel falling through. Implosion may be as a result We also appreciate the need to provide the user with
of a vacuum condition during normal operation or a readily available, standard solution.

M A R S T O N R A N G E O F S TA N D A R D F R A M E S I Z E S
W

l
L

Inside length Overall Inside Width Overall Vent Area


Size Ref l Length L w Width W A
mm (ins) mm (ins) mm (ins) mm (ins) m3 (ft3)*
645.365 645 (25.39) 705 (27.76) 365 (14.37) 425 (16.73) 0.23 (2.53)
710.450 710 (27.95) 770 (30.31) 450 (17.72) 510 (20.08) 0.3 (3.44)
645.645 645 (25.39) 705 (27.76) 645 (25.39) 705 (27.76) 0.4 (4.48)
710.710 710 (27.95) 770 (30.31) 710 (27.95) 770 (30.31) 0.5 (5.43)
920.586 920 (36.22) 980 (38.58) 586 (23.07) 646 (25.43) 0.5 (5.80)
1000.710 1000 (39.37) 1060 (41.73) 710 (27.95) 770 (30.31) 0.7 (7.64)
920.920 920 (36.22) 980 (38.58) 920 (36.22) 980 (38.58) 0.8 (9.11)
1000.920 1000 (39.37) 1060 (41.73) 920 (36.22) 980 (38.58) 0.9 (9.90)
1000.1000 1000 (39.37) 1060 (41.73) 1000 (39.37) 1060 (41.73) 1.0 (10.7)
1130.1130** 1130 (44.49) 1190 (46.85) 1130 (44.49) 1190 (46.85) 1.25 (13.7)

Note: *Free area may be reduced as a result of fitting supports.


**1130.1130 is not available in PTX series.
32
Accessories
A C C E S S O RY R A N G E

Indicators
In line with all other Marston products, explosion vent
panels can be supplied with Indicators, which, when
connected to the plant operating systems, can shut the
plant down in the event of an explosion. Indicators are
certified in accordance with ATEX Directive 94/9/EC.

The Indicator takes the form of a simple wire loop, which,


upon opening of the vent panel, breaks, interrupting the
circuit. The device is certified to EEx ia IIC T6
(-20C Ta 75C) for use in hazardous areas (Zone 0).
It is also accredited by CSA (Canadian Standards
Authority)
to Ex ia IIC T6:
Class 1, Zone 0, - 20C Ta 40C (for Canada), and
Class 1, Groups A, B, C and D, T6 (for USA and Canada).

Reverse Pressure /Vacuum supports


Reverse Pressure/Vacuum supports can take different
forms. Often a simple grid or mesh fitted to the inlet
frame is sufficient. This support is non-opening and is
generally re-useable. Alternatively, each membrane
may be fitted with an opening style support. This may
be flat (usually in conjunction with mesh and /or grid)
or domed to closely match the profile of a domed
panel.

Sometimes a domed panel, when used with a foam


damper, may have a flat opening support fitted below
the damper.

Earthing Strap
To minimise the risk of a static discharge, panels can be
fitted with a braided Earth Strap. Often this is not
necessary as the panel is usually earthed via the flange
bolts. However in some applications where static
discharge is a high risk, an Earth Strap is a valuable
addition.

33
Heat Shield
A Heat Shield may be required for one of two reasons.
Firstly, it may be required to insulate a panel from a
very high process temperature, secondly, it may be
required to prevent the accumulation of condensation
on the inside face of a panel, which may affect the
efficiency of the process in the equipment being
protected.

Depending on the application, the heat shield may be a


thin layer of ceramic paper or a thicker layer of ceramic
fibres fitted to the process side of the panel. In extreme
cases heat shields can protect panels from
temperatures as high as 1000C (1832F).

Foam Infill Damper


In many installations, particularly filters, the system is
subjected to short, sharp pressure pulses. Though
often small, these pressure pulses create a change in
system pressure such that the membrane fluctuates.
Where this fluctuation is frequent, as is the case with
reverse jet filters, it can lead to fatigue of the slotted
membrane ligaments. To overcome this, the vent side
slotted membrane is domed and a foam damper is
fitted between the membranes to prevent any
unwanted movement.

Gaskets
Standard Marston panels are supplied fitted with simple
soft sponge rubber gaskets. To accommodate various
operating conditions, alternative gasket materials are
also available. In hygienic applications, particularly those
involving food, a white neoprene gasket may be used.
Where process temperature is too high for simple
sponge rubber gaskets, a synthetic fibre gasket may be a
suitable alternative. Whilst these are the most
common alternative gasket materials, any other material
preferred by the user may be considered.

34
Sizing and Selection
VENT SIZING

The sizing and selection of the most suitable explosion Marston Engineers are always available for advice.
vent panel can often be critical to the safety of plant Providing sufficient information is available, vent areas
and personnel. Marstons team of Application can be established in accordance with the agreed guide
Engineers possess both expertise and experience, such that in the event of an explosion, the fully opened
enabling them to assess each customers individual panel will release the products of the combustion and
specifications and design a high quality, cost effective relieve the pressure.
solution. This ensures that every explosion vent panel
offered is the best technical solution for the required The calculated vent area is dependent on various
duty. design and operating criteria. The vessel will dictate
the volume, geometry and the maximum allowable
Marston generally work to one of two recognised pressure. The operating conditions of the system,
guides: along with the maximum allowable pressure, will help
to determine the opening pressure of the panel.
VDI 3673
Generally this is 0.1 Barg (1.5 Psig). The product
Pressure relief of dust explosions
(dust or gas) will define specific characteristics related
VDI - Verlag Dusseldorf Germany
to explosivity, such as the maximum unvented
NFPA - 68
pressure capability and the rate of pressure rise that
Guide for Venting of Deflagrations
can be generated.
National Fire Protection Association,
USA VDI 3673 addresses only dust explosions This data can be used to establish the required vent
whereas NFPA-68 provides guidance on both dust and area by using either nomographs or, more accurately,
gas explosions. by calculation.

35
Wobaston Road, Fordhouses,
Wolverhampton WW10 6QJ, England
Telephone +44 (0)1902 623550
Facsimile +44 (0)1902 623555
Email marston@safetysystemsuk.com
Web www.safetysystemsuk.com

To enable Marston to supply the optimum Explosion Photocopy this page, completing as muich information
Vent Panel, certain basic information is essential. as possible and forward to the contact details above.

Company Name: Reference:


Contact Name: Telephone: Fax:

Tag Number

Service conditions
Product
KSt
Pmax
Normal maximum operating pressure & temperature
Vacuum conditions - State if none
Reverse pressures - eg. Wind load - State if none
Pressure pulsations/Cycling: Give Details

Installation
Volume of enclosure
Enclosure dimensions (Please provide sketch if possible)
Vent area required
Preferred vent dimensions (if known)
Activation Pressure (Pstat)
Temperature at Activation Pressure
Acceptable membrane materials
Acceptable frame materials - Upstream
Acceptable frame materials - Downstream
Enclosure material
Gaskets - Type & material
Design pressure
Design code

Accessories
Indicator Y/N
Thermal Insulation Y/N
Any other relevant information/sketch - use additional sheet if necessary

Quantities
Vent Panels
Frames
Enclosures

To enable Marston Engineers to provide the best possible solution to your application,
please provide a drawing of the installation wherever possible.
36
E X P L O S I O N V E N T PA N E L S E L E C T I O N G U I D E

Maximum Operating
Applications Pressure Vacuum
Applications **** (Minimum Activation Pressure x)

1. Silo/Hopper
Atmospheric pressure
CSP-F
1
5
2
6
3
7
4
0.3

fill/empty effects only. 1 2 3 4
CSP-FM 0.3
5 6 7


2. Filter 1 2 3 4
Atmospheric pressure
CSP-D 0.7
5 6 7
steady flow only.

3. Reverse Jet Filter


CSP-DV
1
5
2
6
3
7
4
0.7
Low pressure with
pulsations/bag cleaning.
CSP-DIM
1
5
2
6
3
7
4
0.7
4. Cyclone
TSP-F
1
5
2 3
7
4
0.25
Low pressures, steady flow
conditions. TSP-FI
1
5
2
6
3
7
4
0.25
5. Drier
Atmospheric pressures
with no flow and elevated
TSP-FM
1
5
2
6
3
7
4
0.25
temperatures.
TSP-D
1
5
2
6
3
7
4
0.35
6. Bucket Elevator
Atmospheric pressures with
vibration and abrasion.
TSP-DIM
1
5
2
6
3
7
4
0.35
7. Mill
PTX-F
1
5
2
6
3
7
4
0.2
Atmospheric pressures
with vibration and abrasion.
PTX-D
1
5
2
6
3
7
4
0.75
****
Item Descriptions
C Composite Panel with Seal
PTX-DV
1
5
2
6
3
7
4
0.75

S Slotted Membrane 1 2 3 4
P Panel PTX-R 0.2
F Flat 5 6 7
M Mesh Support in Frame
D Forward Domed
V Vacuum Support Fitted
I Infill Damper
T Triple Panel with Seal
PTX Protex
R Reverse Domed

37
Non Max Temp Max Pred
Hygienic Fragmenting C (F) Barg (Psig) Vibration
* ***

250 (480) 2.0 (29) Flat Composite Slotted vent panel, suitable
for equipment operating at or near
atmospheric pressure without vacuum.


Flat Composite Slotted vent panel, suitable

250 (480) 2.0 (29)


for equipment operating at or near
atmospheric pressure where vacuum may be
present.

250 (480) 2.0 (29)


Domed Composite Slotted vent panel,
suitable for equipment operating under
positive pressures.


Domed Composite Slotted vent panel with

250 (480) 2.0 (29) vacuum support, suitable for equipment


operating under positive and negative
pressures.

**
100 (210) 2.0 (29)
Domed Composite Slotted vent panel with
foam infil, suitable for equipment operating
under fluctuating pressures.

250 (480) 2.0 (29) Flat Triple Skin vent panel, suitable for
equipent operating at or near atmospheric
pressure.

**
150 (300) 2.0 (29)
Flat Triple Skin vent panel, with foam infil,
suitable for equipment operating under
slightly fluctuating pressures.

250 (480) 2.0 (29) Flat Triple Skin vent panel, suitable for
equipment operating at or near atmospheric
pressure, where vacuum may be present.

250 (480) 2.0 (29)


Domed Triple Skin vent panel, suitable for
equipment operating under positive and
negative pressures.

**
100 (210) 2.0 (29)
Domed Triple Skin vent panel with foam infil,
suitable for equipment operating under
fluctuating pressures.

500 (930) 2.0 (29)


Flat Solid Metal vent panel, suitable for high
levels of cleanliness and slight pulsating
pressures.

500 (930) 2.0 (29)



Domed Solid Metal vent panel, suitable for
high levels of cleanliness and high positive
pulsating pressures.

500 (930) 2.0 (29)



Domed Solid Metal vent panel, with vacuum
support, suitable for high positive and
negative or fluctuating pressures.

500 (930) 2.0 (29)



Reverse Domed Solid Metal vent panel,
suitable for high levels of cleanliness and high
levels of vacuum.

* Hygienic means that the vent panel has no slots or crevices where product can accumulate. Food quality materials
should be used wherever necessary.
** Lightweight infill material will be expelled upon venting.
*** For higher temperatures a heat shield may be used. See Accessories, page 37.

38
Marston, Wobaston Road, Fordhouses
Wolverhampton, WV10 6QJ, UK
Tel +44 (0)1902 623550
Fax +44 (0)1902 623555
Email marston@safetysystemsuk.com
Web site www.safetysystemsuk.com
Registered Office:
Victoria Road, Leeds,
MAPR0206 LS11 5UG, UK