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Background and Rationale
1.1 The standard of English among students in Malaysia in a cause for concern. This is reflected by the low academic achievement of students in the public examinations. The percentage of passes for the English Language subject in the said examination has always been around 60%. As compared with the other subjects, the percentage of English Language passes has always been the lowest. There has been a hue and cry among members of the public over this issue. The Ministry of Education has been sensitive about the manner. Various steps have been taken to arrest the situation and these include activities carried out in the classroom as well as outside the classroom. Various Divisions of the Ministry of Education and the State Education Departments implement their own projects and programmers to help raise the standard of English among students. School too conduct their own activities for the same purpose. In this context the Schools Divisions of the Ministry of Education also carries out a number of support programs to help the students achieve better results in the English Language subject. Some of the activities carried out by the said Divisions are debates, choral speaking, story telling, English-in-camp and essay writing competition. However, it is felt that more activities are needed for students to get better and more exposure to the language. Starting the year of 2000, School Divisions, Ministry of Education has decided to introduce public speaking competitions for students in the primary as well as the secondary schools. Speaking is one of the four main language skills for students to be proficient in. As we advance into the new millennium students are expected to be able to master at least two languages, namely Bahasa Melayu and English Language, This would make it easier for them to function, as they are able to play a more relevant and functional role in their daily life. In the new millennium too the world becomes smaller and more global in nature. Technology too gets more advanced. Computers jwill be the order of the day. This proficiency in the English language becomes a necessity, as one need ot interact withone another and keep abreast with the latest developments in technology. One who does not master the English language in the new millennium will be at the losing end. Through public speaking competitions it is hoped that awareness it created among the importance of upgrading themselves in the English language. It would also serve as a catalyst for students to start using and learning English in a more serious manner.
To encourage the development of oral communication skills among students. To promote the use of plain English To promote better understand between young people
Competition 4.3 3. New Zealand.2 At the school level. The winner of the competition at the district level will represent the district at the state level competition. Ministry of Education two weeks before the date of the competition.1 The competition is held at the following levels: School District State National International 4. Indonesia. South Africa dan Australia. India.4 4.3 4. Papua New Guinea. the Philippines. Taiwan.2 For the seconday school category. Eligibility 3. Sri Langka. the Solomon Islands.3. Australia at the beginning of the second week of September every year. The winner of the competition at the national level (secondary school category) will represent Malaysia at the Roy Morgan Plain English Speaking Awards which is held in Melbourne. Fiji. the United Kingdom. The winner of the competition at the state level will represent the state at the national level competition.1 Thiis competition is divided into 2 categories namely: The seconday school category The primary school category 3. Hong Kong. only students from years 4 – 6 of all Government aided primary schools in Malaysia can take part. Schools Division. students form Forms 1 – 5 of all Government aided seconday school in Malaysia including the Mara Junior Science Colleges can take part. Tonga. Participants of this award include representatives from countries such as Canada. Singapore.5 . Thailand. 3.4 4. as many students as possible should be encouraged to take part in this competition. Japan. 4.The winner of the competition at school leverl will represent the school at the district level competition. It is a condition of entry that contestants who reach the national final present acopy of their speech to the Principal Assistant Director. Korea. For the primary school category.
1 The reward is in the participation! Additional incentives are provided at each level of the competition as follows: Level School District State Incentive and Prizes To be determined by the school To be determined by the district To be determined by the state Placing National Primary School Category 1st Prizes RM300. Incentives and Prizes 5.00 Challenge Trophy Replica Challenge Trophy Certificate 2nd RM150.00 Replice Challenge Trophy Certificate 4th .00 Replica Challenge Trophy Certificate 3rd RM80.14th RM30.5.00 Certificate .
00 Certificate International (The Roy Morgan Asia Pacific Plain English Speaking Awards Melboune Australia) An all expenses paid week in Melbourne each contestant. The International Winners’s Cup for the winner to take back to their home land. A book prize provided by Oxford University Press for each participant.00 Replice Challenge Trophy Certificate 4th . 3rd. **Additional Information Please notte that Placing for Semi-Final: 1st .00 Challenge Trophy Replica Challenge Trophy Certificate 2nd RM300. Melbourne High School . and 5th . Geelong Grammar School and Government House. 2nd . Melbourne Girls’ Grammar School. 4th.14th RM30.00 Replica Challenge Trophy Certificate 3rd RM200. A certificate of participation and a trophy each participant. For both primary and seconday .Placing National Secondary School Category 1st Prizes RM500. A comprehensive programmed of education and cultural activities for each contestant which includes visits to the University of Melbourne.
the other speakers must be quarantined The time allowed for the impromptu speech is three minutes. .1 The dates and schedule of the various levels of the competition are as follows: LEVEL School District State National International DATES AND SCHEDULE March – May 1st Week June 1st Week July 1st Week August 2nd Week September 7. (timing must be followed strictly) A warning bell sounds at two minutes and a final bell at three minutes. A warning bell sounds at five minutes and a final bell at six minutes. Dates and Schedule 6. as follows: Section 1: Section 2: Prepared Speech Impromptu Speech 7. While one contestant is presenting his/her speech. Competition Format 7.2 For Section 1 (Prepared Speech) contestants are to observe the Following rules: Contestants delivered a prepared speech of six minutes on a topic of their own choice. 7.3 For Section 2 (Impromptu Speech) contestants are to observe the following rules: Coontestants are given a topic four minutes before they are due to present the speech.1 The competition is divided into two sections. All contestants speak on the same topic.6.
interesting and lucid? Does the speaker use plain English? .1 Judging is nationally and internationally standardized. correct. shuffling Palm cards Inappropriate quotations Jokes that are irrelevant or inappropriate? 8. reading.2 b. fluent and natural? Does the speaker avoid: Ineffectual reptitions e. Adjudication 8. Use of plain English Is the message or point of view conveyed in clear. Subject Matter Is the subject matter of the speech suitable and substantial? Is the speech original and intelligent in its exploration of the subject? Does the speaker develop the argument and line of thought logically and effectively? Is there a satisfactory conclusion. which lends a sense of finality to the speech? Does the speech carry a worthwhile and convincing message? 8.8.2. pauses and projection effective? Does the speaker avoid distracions? Is the speaker’s style confident.2 Additional judging criteria for the impromptu Speech also include the following: Does the speaker demonstrate the ability to think clearly and creatively? Does the speaker express their views with conviction and / or hurnor? Are the speaker’s remarks accurate.2. Judging Criteria 8. Judges are required to undertake a substantial briefing to gain full understanding of the judging criteria and to work within the Guidelines set. relevant. comprehensible and appropriate language? Are tone.g. pace. “ Ladies and Gentlement” Pompous and condescending language Extravagant gestures or movements Over dramatics Awkward pauses Conspicuous use of notes.1 The judging criteria for both the Prepared Speech and The Impromptu Speech are on two aspects as follows: a.
The language should be delivered in such a way that it is easy to hear and understand. Transfer the first of your headings to palm card and add as many points related to as needed. too 9. That way you can speak with confidence. the audience will pick that up. quiet and receptive.1 The Prepared Speech For your audience to enjoy listening to you. simple and fluent speech. Urus Setia and rank the position of contestants will total all marks up. correct. This procedure applies to the final round. 4. You should use clear. The first one you wrote down might not be the most appropriate to begin you speech. Contestants And Judges 9. 2. The subject matter shouldshow originality. You must be able to command the attention of the audience. A person at ease is a confortable person to be with.Does the speaker use clear. wanting to hear what you have to say. Use words that are understand and attractive. Decide upon the structure or sequence of the talk bynumbering your headings. and know your subject. they listen to people speaking! Prepare your speech for her and now. Jot these down on paper. this audience. and continuity of ideas and knowledge of you topic. Remember that people do not listen to speeches. You must aim to be at ease and in control of the situation. you must enjoy having an sudience! To hold their attention you must persuade your audience to ‛walk’ with you as you share with them you thoughts. 9.2 . when you are speaking. correct. This is termed platform presence and is a necessary art to be developed in order to be asuccessful speaker. monitor the reaction of the audience and stay in tune with them The impromptu The impromptu talk requirement for this competition sometimes causes unnecessary anxiety for the students. Approximately four heading should be sufficient to sustain the required impromptu speech. Urus Setia will then give the list to the chief judge.3 What happens after judging? There cannot be a consensus made by judges. When writing tries to express yourself using keywordsand phrases. these people. 9. Notes For Teachers. selecting from and expanding into headings. which can be recalled at a glance. Judges will be given 15 minutes to discuss and decide the 5 best to enter the finals. 3.1 Hints on how to approach the impromptu Draw on life’s experience and knowledge Brainstorm the topic on a sheet of paper Think your perspective though. logical development. ideas and opinions.2. Therefore: At semi-final round: 1. key words or points from the brainstorming session. You must have them looking at you. simple and fluent speech? Does the speakers impromptu speech veery greatly from the prepared speech 8. If you become anxious.
4 An effective plain English speech Is on topic of importance Has decisive openings and conclusions Avoids clichés. . rhetorical question or perhaps a relevant quotation.Do palm cards for the other headings. students and teachers preparing for participation should pay careful attention to the following aspects of speech making: Opening and conclusions Locigal development of theme Choice of words Accepted pronunciation Use of correct grammar Careful. or limited use of quotation Orininaltiy (inparticular. Recap on the headings and end with definite statement. buzz words and colloquial expressions Uses words which are carefully chosen Uses accepted pronunciation (e. or turn the topic into a rhetorical question followed by a comment that gives some indicataion of what is to follow.g. Prepare yuour opening last. Oxford or Macquarie Dictionary) Pays attention to use of correct grammar Contains a limited use of quotations. avoidance of plagiarism) 9. if any Is original Does not plagiaries the work of others 9. Close on a decisive note! 9. posture and eye contact Times a speech accurately.3 As judging is bound by strick criteria. Inevitable it will emerge as your preparation takes place. Open with a definite statement.5 An effective Plain English Speaks confidently and articulates clearly Avoids over-dramatization and shouting for emphasis Avoids distracting mannerisms Uses pace. pause and projection to good effect Understands the effective use of gesture.
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