PATHLOSS GUIDELINES

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I. GUIDELINES IN PREPARATION OF PATH PROFILE
A. REQUIREMENTS 1. PathLoss Tool User must be familiar with the basic microwave transmission concept. 2. PathLoss Tool User must be provided with site information such as Site Name & Site Coordinates, together with link propagation criteria (i.e. K-factor & Fresnel Zone Criteria) that is being followed by the end-user/customer.

B.

PROCEDURE 1. From the Summary Module, input the Site Name and Site Coordinates of both stations.

2.PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 2 of 19 ** In case of Multiple links. Site Name and Coordinates can be entered on the Site List from the Grid Module. Generate the path profile from the Terrain Data Module by clicking generate profile button. Be sure to set the primary terrain data and its directory first before generating the profile. .

.PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 3 of 19 **Be sure to set the primary terrain data and its directory first before generating the profile.

PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 4 of 19 3. . In cases where additional vegetation or building is needed. input the corresponding data on the terrain data sheet.

PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 5 of 19 4. Assign antenna heights for both stations on the Antenna Height Module. . Be sure to consider tower height and loading for existing station when assigning the antenna height.

6. adjust the tower height on one station accordingly until the desired clearance is achieved. Counter-check the visual display of the profile on the Print Profile Module. . In case of obstruction.PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 6 of 19 5.

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RFS or other) Frequency Band to be Used Approved Frequency Channel to be used For Protected Configuration using 2-Antenna System. 4E1. ** Example for Pakistan Project: Link Availability (at least 99. From the Summary Module. 2.999%) and Fade Margin (30dB for SDH and 35dB for PDH).16E1 or STM1) Radio Configuration (Unprotected or Protected) Building Height (if roof-mounted) Tower Height Antenna Height Antenna Type (Andrew. 8E1. GUIDELINES IN PREPARATION OF LINK BUDGET A.PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 8 of 19 II. input the Site Name and Site Coordinates of both stations. PROCEDURE 1. . Center or South) Site Names / Site Codes Coordinates (Latitude. Input the frequency band to be used on the frequency potion on the Summary Module. type of RF Cable (Low Loss Cable) or Waveguide to be used. REQUIREMENTS 1. B. 2. PathLoss Tool User must be provided with the required availability criteria for each link as well as desired fade margin and other design factors if necessary. Longitude) Radio Capacity (2E1. PathLoss Tool User must be provided with the following information: Region (North.

5. Generate the path profile from the Terrain Data Module by clicking generate profile button.2. . Path Profile Guidelines).3.PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 9 of 19 3. Be sure to set the primary terrain data and its directory first before generating the profile (see Procedure No. Path Profile Guidelines). a). Assign the corresponding Rain Region based from ITU Standard. 4. Be sure to consider tower height and loading for existing station when assigning the antenna height (see Procedure No. ** ITU has designated Rain Region N for Luzon and some portion Visayas while Rain Region P for Mindanao and rest of Visayas. Assign antenna heights for both stations on the Antenna Height Module. From the Worksheet Module. perform the following items.

**Antenna type to be selected must be applicable on the same frequency band that will be used. . Select the Antenna Polarization to be used. c). Select the Antenna Type to be used. Click both to apply to both station the selected antenna type.PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 10 of 19 b).

8 or16E1) and Configuration (1+0 or 1+1).PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 11 of 19 d). choose the equipment type to be used with consideration of the required Radio capacity(4. . From the equipment list. Hybrid Loss=3dB/station Waveguide Loss is depending on the type of cable to be used. Hybrid Loss must be considered for direct mount configuration and RF Cable/Waveguide Loss must be distinct for indirect mount configuration. **In case of 1+1 HS Configuration.

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PathLoss Tool User shall decide the point frequency and polarization appropriate for the link based on existing frequencies within respectable distance from subject link. . **For Multi-links.PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 13 of 19 e). **High or Low Side must also be selected during selecting desired frequency. (Approved frequency channel must be secured first from end user/customer before assigning). Input the channel frequency to be used. Interference report should be checked to confirm possible interference.

Check the Link Availability **For short distance hops.PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 14 of 19 f. additional attenuation can be assigned in order to protect the ODU from receiving very high receive levels. .999%) and Fade Margin (30dB for SDH and 35dB for PDH). **PathLoss Tool User shall decide the antenna diameter size required for the link based on the Link Availability (at least 99.

PathLoss Layers Site Layers On-Air Planned Micro/Dart DTE BSC MSC Link Layers NEC Installed NEC Planned Other Installed Other Planned : NEC and other vendor sites which are On-Air : NEC and other vendor sites which are planned (Other vendor planned sites should be informed by Customer) : : : : Small-capacity (other vendor) sites which are On-Air PTCL Site BSC Site MSC Site : : : : NEC links which are currently operational NEC links which are still under planning Other vendor links which are currently operational Other vendor links which are still under planning .PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 15 of 19 C. Proper legends should be followed for the site/link layers and link attributes. Commonly Used Standards on Pathloss Designing/Updating (Reference: Pakistan Project) 1. Example: Table 1 .

Below are the legends commonly used in PathLoss Tool.PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 16 of 19 2. Table 2 – Legends for PathLoss Layers .

Link Planning Form .PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 17 of 19 3. Link Planning Form Table 3 .

If any parameter has to be changed. Other missing data in the Link Planning Form should be completed (no blanks should be left-out). NESIC Installation Team should have a copy of both the Link Planning Form and Link Budget. c. indicating the Revision No. if necessary During Pre-Test/Installation: 1. All data in the Link Planning Form should be reconfirmed at the site by both Customer/Client and NESIC Testing Team. Both parties shall fix their signature on the attached Link Budget. Project Manager Person-in-Charge. d. d. New Link Planning Form with revised Link Budget will be provided to: a. 3. 2.) NESIC SV on site NEC. c. The newly accomplished Link Planning Form has to be attached to the previous Link Planning Form and provide a copy to the PathLoss Tool User in order to prepare the revised Link Budget. Project Manager Person-in-Charge. Customer Side (Txn Dept. NESIC Installation Team shall confirm the data in the Link Planning Form and the attached Link Budget. After PAT. .PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 18 of 19 ** PathLoss Tool User shall attach the Link Budget to the Link Planning Form. a. and place comments/notes regarding the changes. the person/party modifying the data should accomplish a new Link Planning Form using the same Reference No. b. 2. wherein copies shall be provided to. Customer Side (Tx Dept.) NESIC SV & Installation Team NEC. NESIC Installation Team shall give a copy of the completed Link Planning Form with the attached signed Link Budget to Project Manager or Planning Group for filing and record purposes. if necessary During PAT: 1. b.

2. Change of antenna heights Change of frequency channel assignment Change of radio capacity Link is dismantled/removed PathLoss Tool Updated **After updating the PathLoss Data. . Modifications Required in the Future **When a link is to be modified for any parameters in the future. This shall be the confirmation that PathLoss Tool was updated. if logistics is part of SOW. a Check Mark (√) has to be placed on the tick box beside “Final” and place the date when the final confirmed parameters where entered into the PathLoss Data. NESIC SV on site d. should be indicated with comments/notes regarding the modification.) c. the Revision No. the Link Planning Form should be used. NEC. Layers and Link attributes should be observed in reference to Table2. c. a. Customer Side (Tx Dept. The Reference No. 3. Warehouse. PathLoss Data shall be updated with the information provided in the Link Planning Form with attached signed Link Budget. PathLoss Tool User shall immediately update the PathLoss Data after receiving Link Planning Form. b. shall remain the same. Examples of link modifications are. Customer TXN Planning Department may update their planning tool using the same procedure and forms. if necessary e. Person-in-Charge. PathLoss Tool User shall provide duplicate copies of the final Link Planning Form to: a.PATHLOSS GUIDELINES Page 19 of 19 Updating of PathLoss Tool 1. d. Project Manager b.

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