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Temporary Works for

High Rise Construction

Evan Zannis

Consulting Pty Ltd


Temporary Works Engineers and Manufacturers
Temporary Works for High Rise Construction

CONTENT

Design Parameters
Formwork Systems
Vertical Formwork
Horizontal Formwork
Perimeter Protection
Perimeter Safety Screen Systems

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DESIGN PARAMETERS
Site Conditions
Less storage available due to smaller site areas
This will impact on the site assembly of certain formwork
systems and generally requires pre-assembly and delivery in kit
form, especially in the case of Jump Form & Screen Systems
Wind Loads
The increase of the building height results in a significant
increase of wind loading that affects the design of formwork
and Safety Screens during the construction cycle
Crane
Larger cranes are required with more tower sections in order
to cope with the extended building height this applies to mega
structures
These can be either Freestanding by use of static sections or
climbing internally via shear keys on lift shaft walls, provided
the structure can support these loads.
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FORMWORK SYSTEMS
Vertical Formwork
Core and Stair Walls
Adaption of Self Climbing Systems (SCS) opposed to traditional
formwork is common practise.
Most systems on the market are hydraulically driven and there
are also one or two that are electrically operated via
synchronous electric motors.
However, if sufficient cranage is available new age crane lifted
systems may also be used with a relevantly good outcome up to
fifty or so floor levels pending on wind and building loaction.
SCS systems can be either a Jump Form type system or a
Slipform type system.

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Jump Forms

Jump Forms require that the forming elements (shutters) of the


system are striped back prior to climbing the system to its next
position
These systems are generally always more expensive than Slip Forms
due to the fact that full height shutters are required in order to fully
form each floor jump
However a far better class of concrete finish is achieved especially if
form liners are to be used and to areas where walls are exposed
and treated as featured elements by the Architect.
The system also allows better access for working within the cells
and provides easier placement of reinforcement and door
penetrations compared to Slip Forming.

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Typical Crane Lifted Core System

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Examples of Crane Lifted Jumpforms


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Typical Self Climbing Core System

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Internal view of SCS


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SCS Climbing Operation

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SCS Climbing Operation

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Examples of Jumpforms

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Example of Self Climbing Jump Form with


external shear wall Climbforms for Class 2 Concrete Finish
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SCS Climbing Mega Column Formwork


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SCS Climbing Mega Column Formwork


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Slipform
Slipform systems are very different to a Jump Form and generally
require a lot of man power during construction cycles
Forming Shutters are relatively short to approximately 1200 mm
hence the cost savings
Surface finish is very average in most cases a best finish will not
exceed a class 3 to AS3610 Formwork Standard!
Concrete is placed slowly in the forms and when the concrete in the
forms has gained sufficient rigidity the upward movement of the
forms is started and continued at a speed that is controlled by the
rate at which the concrete sets
Lifting speed generally does not exceed 300 mm an hour and an
average floor cycle can take up to 12 hours!
Reinforcement and penetrations such as door openings are placed
as the forms move upwards so a large workforce is required during
concrete placement
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Typical Slipform Setup

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Examples of Slipforms

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Wall Formwork

New age Wall Forming Systems consist of either modular panel


forms of lightweight aluminium framed and plastic forming face
Lightweight panels are therefore easily hand installed and do not
rely on crane for placement
Additionally they can also fit inside a man material hoists that will
transfer them to their next position
Conventional aluminium walers are also used with traditional form
plywood in order to provide a better class of finish
Shear wall systems such that they can climb above each pour are
also becoming popular on larger projects and on areas that are
limited in storing these form shutters during pour cycles

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Wall Formwork

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Column Formwork

Various size of column forms can be made in a modular form in


order to maximise re-use and also in order to speed up production
Forms are generally of a steel skeleton frame with form plywood as
a form face element and can be either hinged type or separate L
shape forms
On larger projects these forms are lined with steel flat plate
Aluminium Framed forms are also used on major large scale
multistorey projects as these are generally very expensive and if
cranage is available then the adoption of these is rarely
implemented

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Column Formwork

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Horizontal Formwork

Slab Forming Panel Systems


There are various types of lightweight aluminium panel
systems that can assist on large scale projects
Table Form Systems vary in sizes and construction
Flying Forms are generally suited to large simple floor plates
that can enable simple extraction and positioning of the forms
using specially made C Hooks. These can sometime be
supported from specially made support brackets secured to
columns or shear walls
Lost Metal Formwork such as Formdeck 350 with low rib
profiles enabling two way post tensioning are also widely used
on some projects

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Examples of Table Forms

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Examples of Flying Form Systems
1. Wedge Units
2. Hydraulic Jack Dolly
3. Form Movers
4. Form Moving Dolly
5. Roll Out Rollers
6. Top Chord Screw Jacks
7. Top Chord Splice Plates
8. Pick Brackets
9. H-Section
10. Beam Clips With T-Head Bolts
11. Top And Bottom Chords
12. Cross Braces
13. Telescopic Struts & Support Pins
14. Guard Rail Post Holders

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Formdeck Metal Lost Formwork

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Perimeter Protection Screens

Perimeter protection is a MUST on all High rise projects


Screens provide fall protection to workmen and falling objects
Can be up to 5 levels high enabling installation of building facade
behind screens
Crane Lifted and Self climbing systems available
Eliminates the use of heavy duty scaffold that can be extremely
hazardous to install at these heights and also expensive to erect and
dismantle
Ability to enable access of floor levels via stairs externally

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Perimeter Safety Screens with 3 Levels of Protection


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Perimeter Safety Screen


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Typical Perimeter Safety Screen


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Perimeter Safety & Working Screen


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Typical Screen Section of Crane Lifted Screen

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Self Climbing Perimeter Safety Screen


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Typical Screen Sequence VCCC

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Perimeter Safety Screen with Working Decks showing


facade work taking place directly behind screen
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Perimeter Screen System with access platforms 4


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Levels of Protection
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Typical Screen Section of working deck screens

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Typical Access Stair Screens

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International Finance Centre


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Temporary Works for High Rise Construction

Evan Zannis

Consulting Pty Ltd


Temporary Works Engineers, Consultants and
Manufacturers
Tel: 9467 5511
Fax: 9467 5512
Email: evan@omniform.com.au

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