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UNIT 2: STAGE 2.

DESIGN

INDIVIDUAL ACTIVITY

MEMBER:

WORK PRESENTED TO THE COURSE DIRECTOR:

INDUSTRIAL AUTOMATION

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OPEN AND DISTANCE UNAD PASTO

BASIC SCIENCE SCHOOL TECHNOLOGY AND ENGINEERING

ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING PROGRAM

NOVEMBER 2017
MODELO MATEMATICO TEMPERATURA

2. We start from the resistance as the one in charge of delivering power to the
system therefore:

Electrical resistance -------- heat power

= ( )

Where:

KT = constant of positive proportionality

Ti = Serpentine temperature

TO = Temperature in the liquid

Now considering the heat variation that is given by:

Using derivative concepts


= ( )

In the thermodynamic law, it is established that all variation of temperature will be


related to a variation of heat by means of the thermal capacity constants, for this
case they would be thermal resistance (R) and thermal capacity (C)


= = ( )

Knowing that the variable to control is the temperature:



+ 0 = +


Knowing that the variable to control is the temperature: { } = ()

()() + 0 () = () + ()

Adapting the equation:

0 ()[()+ ] = () + ()

So:


0 () =
()+

Finally, the ideal model taking as 1 the constant of proportionality:

0 () 1
=
() () + 1

Where:
To = Liquid temperature in tank A
Ti = Serpentine temperature.
R (Thermal Resistance): 15 Celsius / Kcalor / seconds
C (Thermal Capacitance): 1 Kcalor / seconds / Celsius