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Analysis Suite for GPRS/EDGE Networks Application Note
Technology overview Mobile data services such as e-mail, video clips and video blogging, multimedia messaging and high-speed Internet access are quickly gaining popularity amongst end users. As a result, service providers across the globe are seeking ways to enhance their access networks to offer these new bandwidth-intensive IP-based services. For GSM-based operators, the advent of GPRS and EDGE has provided exactly this type of IP-savvy access platform. There are several advantages of GPRS and EDGE, including: • Extensive coverage – as GSM (2G) has been deployed widely and enjoys a near-ubiquitous footprint • It is a lower risk investment than other market alternatives, such as a forklift upgrade to UMTS
There are many technical challenges in a GPRS/EDGE implementation, however. Arguably the toughest challenge lies in maintaining high levels of service quality as the transport mechanism is now based on TCP/IP. For service providers who want to offer quality mobile data services, detailed GPRS/EDGE network monitoring and troubleshooting is essential.
Sunrise Telecom GPRS/EDGE Monitoring Platform Solutions
The Sunrise Telecom solution Sunrise Telecom has developed a comprehensive set of non-intrusive analysis and monitoring suites for GPRS/EDGE and other advanced networks such as UMTS, CDMA, GSM and IMS/MMD. This application note focuses on the GPRS/ EDGE Monitoring and Analysis suite, which is currently supported by the Sunrise Telecom 3GMaster® family.
GPRS/EDGE Analysis Suite The GPRS/EDGE Analysis suite covers all the protocol interfaces in the GPRS/EDGE network. It is a complete monitoring solution and, in combination with the GSM suite, offers full coverage for GSM phase 2+ systems. The GPRS/EDGE architecture presents new challenges to Service Providers, because they not only have to guarantee a correct signaling traffic flow among a variety of Network Elements, but also Quality of Service for user traffic such as TCP/IP. The GPRS/EDGE Analysis suite allows full troubleshooting of both the signaling and user data protocols while simultaneously supporting decoding of all the main GPRS interfaces along with the TCP/IP protocols. Trace features like filtering make it easy to investigate problems involving Network Elements or User Traffic and extensive statistical reports provide real-time information about network performance and loading. The Call Detail Record (CDR) feature allows central collection of all data about user traffic so that users can generate statistics on network use and troubleshoot recurring problems. The GPRS/EDGE Analysis suite handles all aspects of GPRS/ EDGE network management: • Performance analysis • Troubleshooting of both signaling and data (TCP/IP) protocols • Network surveillance for immediate reaction upon detection of anomalies • Network planning for control of traffic loading among Network Elements • Service reporting to generate off-line statistics on network usage
Protocols supported The protocols supported by the GPRS/EDGE Analysis suite are aligned to Release 5.
GSM GSM-A GSM-R (including ASCI - Advanced Speech Call Items) GSM A-bis and proprietary O&M GSM MAP Protocol over SS7 SMS & MMSMS GPRS/EDGE Gb over E1/Frame Relay and Gb over IP (3GPP R5) Gs (BSSAP+) Ge (CAMEL) Gi over LAN and Frame Relay Gr, Gf, Gc, Gd (MAP protocols) Gn, Gp, Ga Proprietary PCU Decoding and Abis RLC/MAC Reassembling of Control and User Planes WAP WSP and WTP decoding over GPRS, EDGE, and UMTS User Plane SS7 ITU-T (MTP, SNM, SNT, TUP, ISUP, SCCP, TCAP) ANSI (MTP, SNM, SNT, ISUP, SCCP, TCAP, AIN) BTNR-167 CHINA SS#7 (TUP, ISUP) Japan TTC Local Number Portability ETSI INAP (CS1/CS2) and INAP+ HSL SS7 Version (on 31 aggr. TS) SS7 over MTP3-Broadband or Sigtran VoIP H.323 (H.225, H.235, H.245, H.450) SIP and SIP-T MGCP, Aspen-MGCP (Nortel) and NCS MeGaCo/H.248, GCP RTP/RTCP T.38 (Fax over IP)
Statistics & Charts
GPRS/EDGE Network Monitoring
GPRS/EDGE Analysis results The GPRS/EDGE Analysis suite provides a unique set of results in real time, including: • Protocol Trace with full message decoding and presentation in compact, expanded, user-designed and graphical (arrow diagram) formats • Upper layer PDU reassembly • Filtering system based on a tree view of all major fields in the protocols for easy, intuitive analysis • Call Tracing over the Gb interface, based on the IP address (PDP Context Call Tracing), IMSI or P-TMSI • Full statistics counters in tabular and graphic formats on all protocol layers. • TCP/IP side: integrated TCP/IP monitoring package for the A-bis, Gb and Gn/Gp/Ga interfaces. Decoding of the IP/UDP/TCP layers and the main IP services like RADIUS, DNS, HTTP, WAP, SMPP, SMTP • Proprietary protocols support over A-bis interface. Special features
CDR, CDR-to-frames and Frame-to-CDR functions, and arrow diagrams
Automatic Multi Interface CDR/TDR Correlation and Call Tracing: CDR/TDR from up to 7 different interfaces protocol stacks can be correlated in real-time. The algorithms are based on combinations of matching keys from the following fields: IMSI, IMEI and IMEISV, Called/Calling numbers and MSISDN Numbers.
Ladder diagram of a correlated CDR
GPRS-Gb Signaling Deciphering
Deciphering is performed in real time and in post-analysis mode. Kc values are retrieved from the Gr interfaces and used to decipher the encrypted Gb interfaces. Retrieved IMSI and Kc keys are only stored in volatile RAM for privacy reasons. Deciphering is supported even when only P-TMSI addresses are detected (i.e. no IMSI is carried over the Gb interface) and even when a 3G mobile is roaming in a 2.5G network. GEA1 and GEA2 (GPRS Encryption Algorithms) are also fully supported.
Call Detail Records show the complete call summary and highlight the main call information such as addressing, duration, and cause of disconnection. CDRs are generated over all the different GPRS/EDGE interfaces supported (see Supported Protocols section). The CDR-to-frame function automatically recovers all the related signaling frames and shows the entire call flow in graphical format (arrow diagrams). The Frame-to-CDR function automatically recover the CDR related to a selected signaling message.
CDRs for Distributed Monitoring
This feature allows the creation of an advanced ‘trap’ system that combines protocol events, counters and timers. Possible custom applications include: • Alarming • Filters • Call Traces • Statistics and other actions
Triggers - example of a script
CDRs collected from the 3GMaster portable protocol analyzer can also be forwarded to the Telecom Network Management System (TAMS) system for more detailed postanalysis, reporting and trending. This is a powerful addition to the service providers GPRS/EDGE toolset, as the same 3GMaster that is used in the field for troubleshooting and maintenance can also be used as a high-powered remote probe in a sophisticated distributed monitoring system.
3GMaster Part Number 3GM-3GPPGERAN Details 3GPP GERAN Bundle - up to Release 5. Includes GSM, GPRS/EDGE, GSM Abis, SS#7, GnGpGa, IP v. 4 suites and support for GSM-R ASCI MSA Module with 4 10/100/1000 Ethernet Ports and 8 E1/T1 ports in bundle with the GERAN suites 3GM-GPRS/ EDGE VoIP-Suite Analysis Suite for GPRS and EDGE - updated up to Release 5. Complete VoIP Monitor Package. Monitor and Statistics for VoIP Protocols including: H.323, SIP, SIP-T, MGCP, and H.248/ MEGACO
3GMaster Part Number 3GM-GSMAbis STT-MSA Part Number MSA-GSMAbis Details Add to the GSM Suite the capability to analyze the GSM Abis interfaces. GPRS/EDGE PCU and GSM O&M protocols are NOT included and can be optionally added.
3GM-O&M-NK MSA-O&M-NK Support for Nokia RSL proprietary signalling variants and O&M Protocol over Abis Interface 3GM-O&M-NT MSA-O&M-NT Support for Nortel RSL proprietary signalling variants and O&M Protocol over Abis Interface 3G-O-E-R12ER MSA-O-ER12-ER Support for ERICSSON Abis RSL proprietary signaling variants, O&M Protocol and GPRS/EDGE Protocol (PCU/EPCU) over dynamic Flexible Abis Interface (up to R12) Support for Siemens A-bis RSL proprietary signaling variants, O&M Protocol and GPRS/EDGE Protocol (PCU/EPCU) over multilink dynamic Flexible Abis Interface (up to BR8) Support for Nokia GPRS Protocol (PCU) over Abis Interface Support for Nortel GPRS Protocol (PCU) over Abis Interface GPRS-Gb deciphering support (GEA1, GEA2).
3GMaster Part Number OPT-INAP OPT-INAPPLUS OPT-AIN 3GM-MAP OPT-IPv4 OPT-IPv6 3GM-WAP OPT-SS7 Details Analysis Package for ITU Intelligent Network Application Part Analysis Package for Ericsson INAP Custom version Analysis Package for ANSI Advanced Intelligent Network Analysis Package for ETSI Mobile Application Part and Camel Application Part Monitor and Statistics for TCP/IP v4 protocols over LAN and WAN Support for TCP/IP v6 protocols Monitor for WAP (Wireless Application Protocols) Analysis Package for ITU and ANSI TUP, ISUP, BTNR167, French SSUTR2, SPIROU, China Versions, TTC, SNM, SNT, SCCP, and TCAP
All other suites, protocol packages, options & accessories:
Please contact your local Distributor or Sales Representative.
For more information or a directory of sales offices:
© 2006 Sunrise Telecom Incorporated. All rights reserved. Specifications subject to change without notice. All product and company names are trademarks of their respective corporations. Sunrise Telecom San Jose, Modena, and Taiwan facilities are ISO 9001 certified. Do not reproduce, redistribute, or repost without written permission from Sunrise Telecom. REV.202 July 2008
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