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HST PURLINS AND GIRTS

TT EE CC HH NN II CC AA LL DD EE SS II GG NN GG UU II DD EE

0 8 0 0 FOR H S T
08 0 0 3 6 7 4 7 8
NOVEMBER 2007
CONTENTS

HST Channel Purlins & Girts


Introduction .......................................................................................1
Sag Rod and Bracing Channel Layout.......................................2
Speed Channel Layout ...................................................................2
Standard Cleat Details & Hole Punching.............................. 3-4
General Purpose Bracket Details.................................................3
Section Geometry & Properties...................................................5
Design Capacity Tables.............................................................6-11
Design Information / Design Examples........................... 12-14

HST Lapped Channel Purlins


Introduction / Typical Construction Layout ................... 15-16
Design Capacity Tables.......................................................... 17-22
Design Example ..............................................................................23

HST Tophat Purlins


Introduction .....................................................................................24
Sectional Properties / Typical Spans ........................................25
Design Capacity Tables / Dimensions .............................. 26-29

HST Purlin and Roof Selector


Roof Selector Chart................................................................. 30-32

HST Purlin Floor Joist Span Tables


Floor Joist Span Tables................................... Inside Back Cover

SALES ENQUIRIES
(refer to back cover for full branch details)

Sales enquiries should be made through the following


distributors.
Auckland Steel & Tube Purlin 09-573 0556
Processing 025-961 677
Export Steel & Tube Distribution 09-273 7625
Whangarei Steel & Tube Distribution 09-438 3999
Hamilton Steel & Tube Distribution 07-850 7640
Mt Maunganui Steel & Tube Distribution 07-572 7065
Rotorua Steel & Tube Distribution 07-348 0449
New Plymouth Steel & Tube Distribution 06-751 0340
Gisborne Gisborne Industrial Supplies 06-868 9558
Napier Steel & Tube Distribution 06-843 9196
Palmerston Nth Steel & Tube Distribution 06-356 5252
Wellington Steel & Tube Distribution 06-568 5109
Nelson Steel & Tube Distribution 03-548 2209
Christchurch Steel & Tube Distribution 03-343 7999
Timaru Steel & Tube Distribution 03-688 2085
Dunedin Steel & Tube Distribution 03-477 9655
Invercargill Steel & Tube Distribution 03-218 2803

or call 0800 FOR HST


0800 367 478
hst purlins & girts
Introduction

HST Steel Purlins & Girts are high strength lipped profile complying with the durability requirements of NZBC
sections, manufactured by Steel & Tube to provide an Clause B2 Durability.
economic solution for your building project and to assist
For exposed use applications within 1km of salt
with design.
laden marine locations or severe industrial corrosive
Sections are supplied punched and cut to length as atmospheres, specialist advice should be sought.
required. Accessories including speed channel, bracing,
sag rods and fastenings are offered to provide a practical Length
structural system. For ease of transportation and handling on site, the
bundled length should be limited to 18 metres. Lengths
HST Tophat Sections exceeding 18 metres are subject to transport and
Steel & Tube HST Tophat Sections are an economical and handling facilities by special arrangement.
lightweight product for roof purlins, wall girts and floor
joists. Size Tolerances
Web Depth 2 mm Flange Width 2 mm
Description Lip 1 mm Hole Centres 1.5 mm
Steel & Tubes galvanised cold formed steel HST Purlins Web / Flange Angle 88-93
& Girts, with accessories, make up part of a total system
suitable to support a wide range of cladding materials, Handling and Storage
including profiled metal sheeting, sandwich panels and All sections and accessories must be kept dry during
fibre cement sheeting. HST Purlin sections can also be transport, stored on non-corrosive spacers above ground
readily adapted to a wide range of other application such and covered to prevent moisture from entering between
as floor joists, ceiling support members and load bearing stacked sections. Should bundles become wet, they shall
wall studs. be broken open, dried with a cloth and restacked with
separators to enable air to circulate.
Materials / Finish
HST Purlins & Girts are rolled from galvanised high Bracing
strength steel strip. The HST Purlin & Girt system utilises standard brace / sag
rod components or speed channel, where required by the
Steel Thickness Grade Zinc Weight
load tables. These shall be located in alternate bays, as
1.15 - 1.45 mm 500 (MPa) 275 gm/m2
shown on page 2, generally with a brace channel located
1.75 - 2.0 mm 450 (MPa) 275 gm/m2
immediately adjacent to both the eaves and ridge purlin.
Purlin braces and accessories are formed from galvanised
The galvanised HST brace channels are manufactured
Grade 250 steel.
with end brackets custom fitted to suit the spacing.
Standard sag rods are electro galvanised 12 mm diameter
Performance
rod with double nuts and washers at each end. 16 mm
HST Purlin and Girt loads are presented in limit state
diameter sag rods can be supplied to special order. All
format consistent with AS/NZS 1170:2002 Structural
bracing components are fabricated from grade 250 (MPa)
Design Actions.
steel.
Load capacities have been determined in accordance
Bracing should be located at the correct positions, as
with AISI LRFD Cold-Formed Steel Design Manual, 1991
shown on page 2 to match pre-punched hole locations,
and confirmed by a full scale testing programme.
otherwise lower load values may result.
AS/NZS4600:1996 has not been adopted, as the testing
Load values with zero bracing have been included
programme has demonstrated better correlation with the
for the 100, 150 and 200 profiles, but generally it is
AISI reference above. The enclosed tables are generally
recommended that at least one set of braces be provided,
conservative in relation to AS/NZS 4600:1996.
particularly when the HST Purlins will be used for access
Durability and temporary loading during construction.
Provided HST Purlins, Girts and accessories are not
exposed to moisture, service life will exceed 50 years,

1
hst purlins & girts

Single bracing Sag Rod Purlin

Bracing

ap
6g
Bracing
Channel

L
0.5
Sag Rod

Spa
cin
g
L
0.5

Bracing
Channel
Purlin
Purlin

HST Purlin
bracing layout HST Purlin
Roofing

Brace Channel located


Sag Rod adjacent to ridge purlin

Sag Rod Brace Channel to


Brace Channel alternate bays
located adjacent to
eaves purlin

speed channel brackets


NB. Brace length equal to purlin spacing less 3 mm

speed channel
bracing assembly
adjustable cleat
2mm End Cleat

100 x 32 x 0.95mm

Purlin
Purlin

Bracing
Standard Speed
Channel

Speed Channel

HST Purlin

Brace Channel
Adjustable Channel bracing

2
standard cleat
details
purlin cleats
HST 100 Dimensions
280
Purlin f g h
140
HST 100 57 64 100
HST 150 41 80 150
HST 200 48 120 200
h h HST 250 53 160 250
f f HST 300 55 200 300
HST 350 60 240 340
HST 400 70 280 380
g 82 g
g

HST 150, HST 200, HST 250, HST 300, HST 350, HST 400

150 80

g h g h fastening to cleats

f f

82

Cleats at internal supports Cleats at end supports

6 - 10

general purpose brackets Purlins

HST 150, HST 200, HST 250, HST 300, HST 350, HST 400

Girts
6 - 10

c b
2 mm

18 mm
holes 5 mm Rad

35 35
37 d

Ultimate Joint Dimensions


Shear Capacity
Purlin M12 bolts M16 bolts a b c d
HST 150 23 33 130 80 112 65
HST 200 26 40 130 120 155 75
HST 250 28 44 150 160 195 85
HST 300 30 50 150 200 250 95
HST 350 30 50 180 240 290 105
HST 400 30 50 180 280 330 115
kN kN mm mm mm mm

3
standard hole
location
Single SPans
HST 100
0.5 L 0.5 L

64 38

=
38 64 76 64 38

=
One Sag Rod
0.35 L 0.35 L

HST 100

38 64 76 76

Two Sag Rods

HST 150, HST 200, HST 250, HST 300, HST 350, HST 400 38

0.5 L 0.5 L

One Brace HST 150

0.35 L 0.35 L

38

Two Braces
g
0.3 L 0.2 L 0.2 L 0.3 L

HST 200, HST 250,


HST 300, HST 350,
Three Braces HST 400

Dimensions Hole Sizes


Purlin g Bolt Round Elongated
HST
100 64 M12 14 mm 14 x 18 mm
HST 150 80 M16 18 mm 18 x 22 mm
HST 200 120
HST 250 160
HST 300 200 Note
HST 350 240 All holes round unless specified otherwise.
Purlins and Girts can be supplied with additional holes at other locations if required.
HST 400 280

4
Section Geometry
& Properties
b
xS xL
b
xS xL
b p
d1
xS xL
b1
p
d1 q
p

b1 q

d d3 d d2 d4 d

d3

Profile I
Profile II
Profile III
Section Geometry
Profile Section MK d b t p q b 1 d1 d2 d3 d4 xL xS Area AS Mass
mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm2 kg/m
I 100/12 102 51 1.15 15 18.0 24.5 255 2.04
100/15 102 51 1.45 15 18.2 24.2 319 2.55
100/19 102 51 1.85 15 18.4 23.7 404 3.26
II 150/12 152 65 1.15 24 10 8 59 7 24.6 35.8 386 3.03
150/15 152 65 1.45 24 10 8 59 7 24.7 35.9 483 3.79
150/18 152 65 1.75 24 10 8 59 7 24.7 36.1 577 4.59
III 200/12 203 75 1.15 25 12 8 59 10 10 48 26.2 39.0 479 3.79
200/15 203 75 1.45 25 12 8 59 10 10 48 26.3 39.1 600 4.71
200/18 203 75 1.75 25 12 8 59 10 10 48 26.3 39.2 719 5.64
250/13 250 85 1.25 33 12 10 59 14 25 73 29.9 44.5 625 4.91
250/15 250 85 1.45 33 12 10 59 14 25 73 30.0 44.6 723 5.68
250/18 250 85 1.75 33 12 10 59 14 25 73 30.1 44.7 869 6.82
300/15 300 100 1.45 38 12 10 59 64 25 123 34.0 51.4 854 6.70
300/18 300 100 1.75 38 12 10 59 64 25 123 34.1 51.5 1027 8.06
350/18 350 100 1.75 43 12 10 70 92 25 151 33.2 50.6 1132 8.97
400/20 400 100 1.95 48 12 10 75 132 25 191 31.4 49.9 1375 10.91
Notes 1. AS = Gross Section Area xL = Centroid
2. All dimensions are normal within rolling tolerances xs = Shear Centre

Section Properties
Section Area Weight Second Moment Section Radius of Form Torsion Warping
MK AS wt of Area Modulus Gyration Factor Constant Factor
mm2 kN/m Ix Iy Zx Zy rx ry Q J Iw
106mm4 106mm4 103mm3 103mm3 mm mm mm4 109mm6
100/12 255 0.020 0.429 0.094 8.41 2.84 41.0 19.2 112 0.23
100/15 319 0.025 0.533 0.116 10.45 3.52 40.9 19.0 224 0.28
100/19 404 0.032 0.668 0.143 13.1 4.39 40.7 18.8 460 0.35
150/12 386 0.030 1.38 0.249 18.2 6.17 59.8 25.4 0.734 170 1.67
150/15 483 0.037 1.72 0.308 22.7 7.64 59.7 25.3 0.813 339 2.03
150/18 577 0.045 2.06 0.365 27.0 9.06 59.6 25.1 0.872 590 2.37
200/12 479 0.037 3.00 0.393 29.6 8.05 79.2 28.6 0.625 211 4.20
200/15 600 0.046 3.75 0.488 37.0 10.0 79.1 28.5 0.697 420 5.16
200/18 719 0.055 4.49 0.579 44.2 11.9 79.0 28.4 0.748 734 6.07
250/13 625 0.048 5.86 0.657 46.9 11.9 96.8 32.4 0.572 326 11.0
250/15 723 0.056 6.76 0.755 54.1 13.7 96.7 32.3 0.613 507 12.6
250/18 869 0.067 8.10 0.897 64.8 16.3 96.5 32.1 0.653 887 14.8
300/15 854 0.066 11.6 1.25 77.1 19.0 116 38.3 0.545 598 28.6
300/18 1027 0.080 13.9 1.49 92.4 22.6 116 38.1 0.528 1050 33.8
350/18 1132 0.088 20.2 1.66 115.7 24.6 133.7 38.3 0.561 1138 50.3
400/20 1375 0.107 31.3 2.01 156.7 29.3 151.0 38.2 0.552 1739 78.4
Notes 1. All section properties are for the gross section
2. Form factor based on F=300 MPa

5
design capacity
tables
ultimate Uniformly Distributed Load - single span
HST 100/12 HST 100/15 HST 100/19 HST 150/12 HST 150/15 HST 150/18

WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS


(kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m)

Span 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 0B 1B 2B FR DEF

3.0 1.54 2.35 2.54 2.70 1.63 2.14 2.95 3.28 3.50 2.02 2.88 4.13 4.39 4.63 2.53 4.53 5.36 5.57 5.70 5.23 6.13 7.29 7.60 7.79 6.53 7.68 9.27 9.68 9.94 7.80

3.5 0.94 1.63 1.82 1.98 1.02 1.23 2.07 2.35 2.57 1.27 1.66 2.91 3.17 3.40 1.59 2.99 3.84 4.06 4.19 3.30 4.02 5.23 5.53 5.72 4.11 5.04 6.63 7.05 7.30 4.91

4.0 0.57 1.17 1.35 1.52 0.69 0.75 1.51 1.75 1.97 0.85 1.03 2.08 2.37 2.61 1.07 1.99 2.86 3.07 3.21 2.21 2.65 3.88 4.19 4.38 2.75 3.33 4.91 5.34 5.59 3.29

4.5 0.37 0.85 1.04 1.20 0.48 0.49 1.12 1.30 1.55 0.60 0.68 1.51 1.82 2.06 0.75 1.30 2.19 2.40 2.53 1.55 1.74 2.96 3.27 3.46 1.93 2.15 3.73 4.16 4.42 2.31

5.0 0.25 0.62 0.81 0.97 0.35 0.34 0.84 1.02 1.26 0.44 0.47 1.12 1.43 1.67 0.55 0.88 1.70 1.92 2.05 1.13 1.18 2.30 2.61 2.80 1.41 1.44 2.89 3.32 3.58 1.68

5.5 0.18 0.45 0.64 0.80 0.26 0.24 0.62 0.82 1.04 0.33 0.34 0.82 1.13 1.38 0.41 0.62 1.34 1.56 1.70 0.85 0.82 1.81 2.12 2.32 1.06 1.00 2.27 2.69 2.96 1.27

6.0 0.13 0.34 0.51 0.68 0.20 0.18 0.45 0.66 0.87 0.25 0.26 0.60 0.90 1.16 0.32 0.45 1.06 1.29 1.43 0.65 0.59 1.43 1.75 1.95 0.82 0.72 1.79 2.22 2.48 0.97

6.5 0.26 0.41 0.58 0.16 0.34 0.54 0.75 0.20 0.45 0.73 0.99 0.25 0.34 0.85 1.08 1.21 0.51 0.43 1.14 1.47 1.66 0.64 0.54 1.43 1.85 2.12 0.77

7.0 0.20 0.33 0.50 0.13 0.25 0.44 0.64 0.16 0.34 0.59 0.85 0.20 0.25 0.68 0.91 1.05 0.41 0.33 0.90 1.24 1.43 0.51 0.41 1.13 1.56 1.83 0.61

7.5 0.15 0.27 0.43 0.10 0.20 0.36 0.56 0.13 0.27 0.48 0.74 0.16 0.54 0.78 0.91 0.34 0.25 0.72 1.05 1.25 0.42 0.32 0.90 1.32 1.59 0.50

8.0 0.21 0.38 0.09 0.29 0.49 0.11 0.39 0.65 0.13 0.42 0.66 0.80 0.28 0.56 0.90 1.10 0.34 0.25 0.70 1.13 1.40 0.41

8.5 0.34 0.57 0.71 0.23 0.45 0.77 0.97 0.29 0.55 0.97 1.24 0.34

9.0 0.49 0.63 0.19 0.37 0.67 0.87 0.24 0.44 0.84 1.10 0.29

9.5 0.43 0.57 0.16 0.58 0.78 0.21 0.36 0.72 0.99 0.25

10.0 0.37 0.51 0.14 0.50 0.70 0.18 0.30 0.62 0.89 0.21

10.5 0.43 0.64 0.15 0.54 0.81 0.18

11.0 0.37 0.58 0.13 0.47 0.74 0.16

11.5 0.41 0.68 0.14

12.0 0.35 0.62 0.12

12.5

13.0

13.5

14.0

14.5

15.0

15.5

16.0

16.5

17.0

17.5

18.0

Note: Tables assume one flange continuously restrained by roof or wall cladding.

6
ultimate Uniformly Distributed Load - single span
HST 200/12 HST 200/15 HST 200/18 HST 250/13 HST 250/15

WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS


(kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m)

Span 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF

3.0 7.46 8.58 8.88 9.06 11.39 10.17 11.59 11.96 12.20 14.23 12.81 14.82 15.31 15.62 17.02

3.5 5.05 6.18 6.47 6.66 7.17 6.88 8.35 8.73 8.96 8.96 8.63 10.66 11.17 11.48 10.72

4.0 3.48 4.62 4.91 5.10 4.80 4.70 6.25 6.63 6.86 6.00 5.90 7.95 8.48 8.79 7.18 7.07 7.41 7.51 7.62 9.37 8.62 9.04 9.15 9.30 10.82

4.5 2.39 3.55 3.84 4.03 3.37 3.20 4.81 5.19 5.42 4.22 4.02 6.10 6.63 6.94 5.04 5.47 5.81 5.91 6.02 6.58 6.67 7.08 7.20 7.35 7.60

5.0 1.63 2.78 3.08 3.26 2.46 2.17 3.78 4.16 4.39 3.07 2.73 4.77 5.31 5.62 3.68 4.32 4.67 4.76 4.87 4.80 5.27 5.69 5.81 5.95 5.54

5.5 1.15 2.21 2.51 2.70 1.85 1.53 3.01 3.39 3.63 2.31 1.90 3.79 4.33 4.65 2.76 3.48 3.82 3.92 4.03 3.61 4.23 4.65 4.77 4.92 4.16

6.0 0.83 1.78 2.08 2.27 1.42 1.11 2.42 2.81 3.05 1.78 1.36 3.05 3.58 3.90 2.13 2.83 3.17 3.27 3.39 2.78 3.45 3.87 3.99 4.13 3.21

6.5 0.62 1.44 1.74 1.93 1.12 0.82 1.96 2.36 2.60 1.40 1.00 2.46 3.00 3.33 1.67 2.33 2.67 2.77 2.88 2.18 2.83 3.26 3.38 3.52 2.52

7.0 0.47 1.17 1.48 1.66 0.90 0.62 1.59 2.00 2.24 1.12 0.75 1.99 2.54 2.87 1.34 1.93 2.27 2.37 2.49 1.75 2.35 2.77 2.89 3.04 2.02

7.5 0.37 0.96 1.26 1.45 0.73 0.47 1.29 1.71 1.95 0.91 0.58 1.61 2.17 2.50 1.09 1.61 1.95 2.05 2.17 1.42 1.95 2.38 2.50 2.65 1.64

8.0 0.29 0.78 1.09 1.27 0.60 0.37 1.04 1.48 1.72 0.75 0.45 1.31 1.87 2.20 0.90 1.34 1.69 1.79 1.90 1.17 1.63 2.06 2.18 2.32 1.35

8.5 0.63 0.94 1.13 0.50 0.29 0.84 1.28 1.52 0.63 0.36 1.05 1.61 1.95 0.75 1.12 1.47 1.57 1.69 0.98 1.35 1.79 1.91 2.06 1.13

9.0 0.51 0.82 1.01 0.42 0.68 1.12 1.36 0.53 0.29 0.85 1.40 1.74 0.63 0.94 1.29 1.39 1.50 0.82 1.13 1.57 1.69 1.84 0.95

9.5 0.42 0.71 0.90 0.36 0.55 0.97 1.22 0.45 0.69 1.22 1.56 0.54 0.78 1.13 1.23 1.35 0.70 0.93 1.38 1.50 1.65 0.81

10.0 0.35 0.63 0.82 0.31 0.46 0.85 1.10 0.38 0.57 1.07 1.41 0.46 0.64 1.00 1.10 1.22 0.60 0.77 1.22 1.34 1.49 0.69

10.5 0.55 0.74 0.27 0.38 0.75 1.00 0.33 0.47 0.94 1.28 0.40 0.54 0.89 0.99 1.11 0.52 0.64 1.08 1.20 1.35 0.60

11.0 0.48 0.67 0.23 0.66 0.91 0.29 0.39 0.82 1.16 0.35 0.45 0.79 0.89 1.01 0.45 0.54 0.96 1.08 1.23 0.52

11.5 0.43 0.62 0.20 0.57 0.83 0.25 0.72 1.06 0.30 0.38 0.70 0.80 0.92 0.39 0.46 0.86 0.98 1.13 0.46

12.0 0.37 0.57 0.18 0.50 0.76 0.22 0.63 0.98 0.27 0.33 0.63 0.73 0.85 0.35 0.39 0.76 0.89 1.03 0.40

12.5 0.44 0.70 0.20 0.55 0.90 0.24 0.56 0.66 0.78 0.31 0.34 0.68 0.81 0.95 0.35

13.0 0.39 0.65 0.17 0.48 0.83 0.21 0.50 0.60 0.72 0.27 0.61 0.73 0.88 0.32

13.5 0.42 0.77 0.19 0.45 0.55 0.67 0.24 0.54 0.67 0.82 0.28

14.0 0.37 0.72 0.17 0.40 0.50 0.62 0.22 0.48 0.61 0.76 0.25

14.5 0.46 0.58 0.20 0.43 0.56 0.71 0.23

15.0 0.42 0.54 0.18 0.51 0.66 0.21

15.5 0.47 0.62 0.19

16.0 0.43 0.58 0.17

16.5

17.0

17.5

18.0

Note: Tables assume one flange continuously restrained by roof or wall cladding.

7
design capacity
tables
ultimate Uniformly Distributed Load - single span
HST 250/18 HST 300/15 HST 300/18 HST 350/18 HST 400/20

WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS


(kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m)

Span 1B 2B 3B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF

3.0

3.5

4.0 11.00 11.58 11.74 11.92 12.96

4.5 8.50 9.07 9.24 9.41 9.10

5.0 6.70 7.28 7.45 7.63 6.64 7.44 7.82 7.93 8.06 9.47 9.50 10.07 10.22 10.41 11.36 11.73 12.32 12.49 12.69 16.58 14.78 15.34 15.50 15.69 25.67

5.5 5.37 5.95 6.12 6.30 4.99 6.03 6.42 6.53 6.66 7.12 7.69 8.26 8.42 8.61 8.53 9.51 10.12 10.28 10.49 12.46 12.04 12.62 12.78 12.97 19.29

6.0 4.36 4.94 5.11 5.30 3.84 4.95 5.36 5.47 5.60 5.48 6.31 6.88 7.04 7.23 6.57 7.81 8.44 8.61 8.81 9.60 9.95 10.55 10.71 10.90 14.86

6.5 3.58 4.16 4.32 4.51 3.02 4.12 4.53 4.64 4.77 4.31 5.23 5.81 5.97 6.16 5.17 6.50 7.14 7.31 7.51 7.55 8.32 8.93 9.09 9.29 11.68

7.0 2.95 3.53 3.70 3.89 2.42 3.45 3.87 3.98 4.11 3.45 4.38 4.97 5.12 5.31 4.14 5.45 6.10 6.27 6.47 6.04 7.03 7.65 7.81 8.01 9.36

7.5 2.45 3.03 3.20 3.39 1.97 2.92 3.34 3.45 3.58 2.81 3.69 4.28 4.44 4.63 3.37 4.61 5.27 5.44 5.64 4.91 5.99 6.62 6.78 6.97 7.61

8.0 2.04 2.62 2.79 2.98 1.62 2.48 2.91 3.02 3.15 2.31 3.13 3.71 3.88 4.07 2.77 3.92 4.58 4.75 4.96 4.05 5.13 5.78 5.94 6.13 6.27

8.5 1.70 2.28 2.44 2.64 1.35 2.11 2.54 2.66 2.79 1.93 2.66 3.25 3.41 3.60 2.31 3.34 4.01 4.19 4.39 3.37 4.42 5.07 5.24 5.43 5.23

9.0 1.41 1.99 2.16 2.35 1.14 1.81 2.24 2.36 2.49 1.62 2.27 2.86 3.02 3.21 1.95 2.86 3.53 3.71 3.92 2.84 3.80 4.48 4.65 4.84 4.40

9.5 1.17 1.75 1.92 2.11 0.97 1.55 1.98 2.10 2.23 1.38 1.94 2.53 2.69 2.88 1.66 2.45 3.13 3.31 3.52 2.42 3.27 3.98 4.15 4.35 3.74

10.0 0.96 1.54 1.71 1.91 0.83 1.32 1.76 1.88 2.02 1.18 1.66 2.24 2.41 2.60 1.42 2.10 2.78 2.97 3.17 2.07 2.82 3.55 3.73 3.92 3.21

10.5 0.80 1.37 1.53 1.73 0.72 1.13 1.57 1.70 1.83 1.02 1.41 2.00 2.17 2.36 1.23 1.79 2.48 2.67 2.88 1.79 2.43 3.18 3.36 3.56 2.77

11.0 0.68 1.21 1.38 1.58 0.62 0.96 1.41 1.53 1.67 0.89 1.20 1.79 1.96 2.15 1.07 1.52 2.23 2.42 2.62 1.56 2.09 2.86 3.05 3.24 2.41

11.5 0.57 1.08 1.24 1.44 0.55 0.81 1.27 1.39 1.52 0.78 1.02 1.61 1.77 1.97 0.93 1.29 2.00 2.19 2.40 1.36 1.80 2.59 2.77 2.97 2.11

12.0 0.49 0.96 1.13 1.32 0.48 0.69 1.14 1.26 1.40 0.69 0.87 1.44 1.61 1.81 0.82 1.10 1.80 1.99 2.20 1.20 1.54 2.34 2.53 2.72 1.86

12.5 0.42 0.85 1.02 1.22 0.42 0.59 1.03 1.15 1.29 0.61 0.75 1.30 1.47 1.67 0.73 0.95 1.63 1.82 2.03 1.06 1.32 2.12 2.31 2.51 1.64

13.0 0.36 0.76 0.93 1.13 0.38 0.51 0.93 1.05 1.19 0.54 0.64 1.18 1.34 1.54 0.65 0.82 1.47 1.66 1.88 0.94 1.14 1.93 2.12 2.32 1.46

13.5 0.68 0.85 1.05 0.34 0.45 0.84 0.97 1.11 0.48 0.56 1.06 1.23 1.43 0.58 0.71 1.33 1.53 1.74 0.84 0.99 1.76 1.95 2.15 1.30

14.0 0.61 0.77 0.97 0.30 0.39 0.76 0.89 1.03 0.43 0.49 0.96 1.13 1.33 0.52 0.62 1.21 1.40 1.62 0.76 0.86 1.60 1.80 2.00 1.17

14.5 0.54 0.71 0.91 0.27 0.34 0.69 0.82 0.96 0.39 0.43 0.87 1.04 1.24 0.47 0.54 1.10 1.29 1.51 0.68 0.76 1.46 1.66 1.87 1.05

15.0 0.48 0.65 0.85 0.25 0.63 0.75 0.90 0.35 0.38 0.79 0.96 1.16 0.42 0.48 1.00 1.19 1.41 0.61 0.67 1.33 1.54 1.74 0.95

15.5 0.42 0.59 0.79 0.22 0.57 0.70 0.84 0.32 0.34 0.72 0.88 1.08 0.38 0.42 0.91 1.10 1.32 0.56 0.59 1.21 1.42 1.63 0.86

16.0 0.54 0.74 0.20 0.52 0.65 0.79 0.29 0.65 0.82 1.02 0.35 0.38 0.82 1.02 1.24 0.51 0.52 1.10 1.32 1.53 0.78

16.5 0.50 0.70 0.18 0.47 0.60 0.74 0.26 0.59 0.76 0.96 0.32 0.33 0.74 0.94 1.17 0.46 0.47 1.01 1.23 1.44 0.71

17.0 0.46 0.66 0.17 0.42 0.55 0.70 0.24 0.53 0.70 0.90 0.29 0.67 0.88 1.10 0.42 0.92 1.15 1.36 0.65

17.5 0.51 0.66 0.22 0.48 0.65 0.85 0.26 0.61 0.81 1.04 0.39 0.84 1.07 1.28 0.60

18.0 0.48 0.62 0.20 0.43 0.60 0.80 0.24 0.55 0.76 0.98 0.36 0.76 1.00 1.21 0.55

Note: Tables assume one flange continuously restrained by roof or wall cladding.

8
ultimate axial Load - concentric
HST 150/12 HST 150/15 HST 150/18 HST 200/12 HST 200/15

NC NEX NC NEX NC NEX NC NEX NC NEX



(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)

Span 0B 1B 2B FR 0B 1B 2B FR 0B 1B 2B FR 0B 1B 2B FR 0B 1B 2B FR

3.0 30.2 67.7 75.9 81.6 257.3 37.8 93.1 105.3 113.4 321.0 45.3 118.3 134.6 146.0 383.2 45.6 86.1 92.4 96.4 559.8 60.1 116.6 125.4 131.2 699.6

3.5 22.5 58.2 69.7 77.6 189.1 28.3 78.8 96.6 107.9 235.8 34.3 97.5 122.4 138.4 281.5 35.0 79.6 88.4 94.0 411.3 45.3 107.6 119.9 127.9 514.0

4.0 17.5 48.1 62.3 72.9 144.7 22.1 63.3 85.1 101.3 180.5 27.0 75.4 107.7 129.5 215.6 27.7 71.7 83.8 91.3 314.9 35.1 96.9 113.4 123.9 393.5

4.5 14.0 40.0 53.6 67.5 114.4 17.9 51.0 72.3 93.2 142.7 22.1 60.3 87.4 118.9 170.3 22.3 62.4 78.2 88.0 248.8 28.0 83.9 105.8 119.4 310.9

5.0 11.5 33.2 45.9 61.2 92.6 14.9 41.8 60.1 83.9 115.6 18.5 49.5 71.2 106.5 138.0 18.2 52.9 71.8 84.3 201.5 23.0 70.9 97.1 114.3 251.9

5.5 9.7 27.9 39.4 54.0 76.6 12.6 34.8 50.2 73.4 95.5 15.9 41.5 59.3 89.7 114.0 15.2 45.5 64.5 80.1 166.6 19.3 59.9 87.0 108.6 208.1

6.0 8.3 23.6 33.7 47.6 64.3 10.9 29.4 42.5 63.0 80.2 13.7 35.2 50.2 75.6 95.8 12.9 39.2 56.5 75.3 140.0 16.5 51.3 76.1 102.1 174.9

6.5 7.2 20.1 29.2 41.9 54.8 9.6 25.2 36.3 54.4 68.4 11.7 30.3 43.2 64.6 81.6 11.1 34.1 49.8 69.9 119.3 14.2 43.9 66.3 94.9 149.0

7.0 6.4 17.4 25.2 36.9 47.3 8.5 21.9 31.4 47.1 59.0 10.0 26.4 37.4 55.9 70.4 9.7 29.9 44.3 64.0 102.8 12.3 38.0 58.1 86.8 128.5

7.5 15.3 22.0 32.6 41.2 7.4 19.2 27.4 41.2 51.4 8.8 23.2 32.7 49.0 61.3 8.5 26.5 39.2 57.6 89.6 10.7 33.2 51.3 77.9 111.9

8.0 13.5 19.4 29.0 36.2 17.0 24.1 36.2 45.1 7.7 20.6 28.8 43.3 53.9 7.6 23.4 35.0 52.0 78.7 9.4 29.3 45.1 69.9 98.4

8.5 12.0 17.2 25.7 32.1 15.2 21.4 32.1 40.0 18.5 25.6 38.4 47.7 20.8 31.4 47.2 69.7 8.3 26.1 40.0 62.7 87.1

9.0 15.3 22.9 28.6 13.6 19.2 28.6 35.7 16.7 23.0 34.2 42.6 18.6 28.4 43.0 62.2 23.4 35.8 56.6 77.7

9.5 13.8 20.5 25.7 17.2 25.7 32.0 15.1 20.7 30.7 38.2 16.8 25.8 39.0 55.8 21.1 32.2 51.3 69.8

10.0 12.5 18.5 23.2 15.6 23.2 28.9 13.8 18.7 27.7 34.5 15.2 23.3 35.6 50.4 19.2 29.1 46.3 63.0

10.5 14.2 21.0 26.2 17.1 25.1 31.3 21.1 32.7 45.7 17.5 26.4 42.0 57.1

11.0 13.0 19.1 23.9 15.6 22.9 28.5 19.3 30.0 41.6 24.1 38.3 52.0

11.5 14.4 21.0 26.1 17.7 27.7 38.1 22.1 35.0 47.6

12.0 13.3 19.2 24.0 16.3 25.7 35.0 20.4 32.1 43.7

12.5 18.8 29.6 40.3

13.0 17.4 27.4 37.3

13.5

14.0

14.5

15.0

15.5

16.0

16.5

17.0

17.5

18.0

Note: Tables assume one flange continuously restrained by roof or wall cladding.

9
design capacity
tables
ultimate axial Load - concentric
HST 200/18 HST 250/13 HST 250/15 HST 250/18

NC NEX NC NEX NC NEX NC NEX



(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)

Span 0B 1B 2B FR 1B 2B 3B FR 1B 2B 3B FR 1B 2B 3B FR

3.0 72.9 149.9 161.8 169.5 836.8

3.5 54.3 138.0 154.4 165.1 614.8

4.0 42.3 122.3 145.8 160.0 470.7 105.4 115.3 117.4 121.5 614.3 127.6 140.0 142.7 147.8 709.2 160.9 178.0 181.5 188.5 849.6

4.5 34.0 103.7 135.7 154.0 371.9 96.7 111.0 113.7 118.9 485.4 118.2 134.6 138.0 144.5 560.3 147.4 170.7 175.3 184.2 671.3

5.0 28.1 86.5 122.8 147.3 301.2 86.8 106.0 109.4 115.9 393.2 106.0 128.3 132.7 140.8 453.9 132.3 162.1 168.2 179.3 543.7

5.5 23.6 72.6 108.2 139.7 249.0 75.6 99.3 104.3 112.6 324.9 91.7 121.1 126.5 136.7 375.1 113.9 151.6 159.6 173.8 449.4

6.0 19.9 61.3 93.4 130.8 209.2 65.8 91.8 97.9 109.0 273.0 78.7 112.4 119.6 132.2 315.2 97.7 140.2 149.6 167.8 377.6

6.5 16.9 52.5 80.7 120.0 178.2 57.5 83.5 90.8 104.6 232.6 68.4 102.0 111.1 127.0 268.6 84.9 127.6 138.8 160.6 321.7

7.0 14.6 45.5 70.1 108.3 153.7 50.5 74.5 82.9 99.3 200.6 60.0 90.3 101.3 121.3 231.6 74.5 112.3 126.8 152.3 277.4

7.5 12.7 39.9 61.2 96.3 133.9 44.7 66.7 74.5 93.4 174.7 53.2 80.0 90.4 114.7 201.7 65.4 99.4 112.5 143.5 241.7

8.0 11.2 35.3 53.9 85.8 117.7 40.0 60.0 67.2 87.1 153.6 47.5 71.4 80.7 106.8 177.3 57.6 88.7 100.3 133.9 212.4

8.5 9.9 31.5 47.9 76.5 104.2 35.9 53.9 60.9 80.2 136.0 42.7 64.1 72.5 98.2 157.0 51.2 79.6 90.1 123.0 188.1

9.0 8.8 28.3 42.8 68.4 93.0 32.5 48.7 55.0 73.2 121.4 38.4 58.0 65.5 88.9 140.1 45.9 71.9 81.4 111.1 167.8

9.5 25.6 38.5 61.4 83.4 29.5 44.3 50.0 67.1 108.9 34.5 52.7 59.5 80.8 125.7 41.3 64.6 73.9 100.9 150.6

10.0 23.3 34.8 55.4 75.3 27.0 40.5 45.7 61.7 98.3 31.3 48.1 54.3 73.8 113.5 37.5 58.4 66.9 92.1 135.9

10.5 21.3 31.7 50.3 68.3 24.6 37.1 41.9 56.6 89.2 28.4 44.1 49.8 67.6 102.9 34.1 53.1 60.7 84.4 123.3

11.0 19.5 29.0 45.8 62.2 22.5 34.2 38.6 52.2 81.2 26.0 40.6 45.9 62.3 93.8 31.2 48.4 55.4 77.6 112.3

11.5 26.6 41.9 56.9 20.6 31.6 35.7 48.2 74.3 23.9 37.2 42.4 57.5 85.8 28.7 44.4 50.7 71.6 102.8

12.0 24.5 38.5 52.3 19.0 29.3 33.1 44.7 68.3 22.0 34.2 39.1 53.3 78.8 26.5 40.8 46.6 65.8 94.4

12.5 22.6 35.5 48.2 27.2 30.7 41.6 62.9 20.3 31.5 36.1 49.6 72.6 24.6 37.7 43.0 60.6 87.0

13.0 21.0 32.8 44.6 25.3 28.7 38.8 58.2 29.2 33.4 46.2 67.1 22.8 34.9 39.8 56.0 80.4

13.5 19.5 30.4 41.3 23.5 26.8 36.3 53.9 27.1 31.0 43.2 62.3 32.4 37.0 52.0 74.6

14.0 18.2 28.3 38.4 21.9 25.0 34.0 50.2 25.2 28.8 40.4 57.9 30.2 34.4 48.3 69.4

14.5 23.3 31.9 46.8 23.6 26.9 37.7 54.0 28.2 32.1 45.0 64.7

15.0 21.8 30.0 43.7 25.1 35.2 50.4 26.4 30.0 42.1 60.4

15.5 23.6 33.0 47.2 24.8 28.2 39.4 56.6

16.0 22.1 30.9 44.3 26.5 37.0 53.1

16.5 24.9 34.8 49.9

17.0 23.5 32.8 47.0

17.5

18.0

Note: Tables assume one flange continuously restrained by roof or wall cladding.

10
ultimate axial Load - concentric
HST 300/15 HST 300/18 HST 350/18 HST 400/20

NC NEX NC NEX NC NEX NC NEX



(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)

Span 1B 2B 3B FR 1B 2B 3B FR 1B 2B 3B FR 1B 2B 3B FR

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0 122.1 136.9 140.1 146.1 775.9 156.7 177.6 181.9 190.0 930.6 169.9 189.2 193.0 199.7 1358.4 189.9 212.3 216.3 222.2 2103.2

5.5 113.7 132.0 135.9 143.2 641.2 144.5 171.0 176.2 186.1 769.1 160.1 183.9 188.6 196.8 1122.6 180.4 207.8 212.7 219.9 1738.1

6.0 104.4 126.5 131.2 140.0 538.8 131.1 163.3 169.9 181.8 646.2 149.1 178.1 183.8 193.5 943.3 169.7 202.9 208.8 217.4 1460.5

6.5 93.8 120.4 126.0 136.4 459.1 116.9 154.4 162.6 177.1 550.6 136.8 171.5 178.4 190.0 803.8 157.6 197.5 204.5 214.7 1244.5

7.0 84.0 113.8 120.3 132.5 395.9 104.9 144.7 154.3 172.0 474.8 122.9 164.4 172.4 186.2 693.0 142.7 191.7 199.9 211.7 1073.0

7.5 76.1 106.5 114.2 128.4 344.8 95.3 134.3 145.4 166.4 413.6 110.0 156.6 166.0 182.0 603.7 127.4 185.3 194.8 208.5 934.7

8.0 69.5 98.6 107.5 123.8 303.1 86.8 123.1 135.7 159.8 363.5 99.5 148.1 158.9 177.4 530.6 114.6 178.3 189.4 205.1 821.5

8.5 62.6 90.0 100.2 119.0 268.5 78.1 112.4 125.4 152.7 322.0 90.7 139.0 151.4 172.4 470.0 103.9 170.8 183.5 201.4 727.7

9.0 56.6 82.8 92.2 113.7 239.5 70.7 103.5 115.2 145.1 287.2 83.3 129.0 143.2 167.1 419.2 94.9 162.7 177.2 197.4 649.1

9.5 51.5 76.6 85.0 108.1 214.9 64.3 96.0 106.4 137.1 257.8 77.1 118.3 134.4 161.5 376.3 87.2 153.2 170.4 193.2 582.6

10.0 47.1 71.3 78.9 102.1 194.0 58.8 89.5 98.9 128.6 232.6 71.9 109.0 124.6 155.4 339.6 80.7 142.7 163.2 188.7 525.8

10.5 43.3 65.8 73.7 95.5 175.9 53.5 82.1 92.5 119.7 211.0 65.9 101.1 115.2 149.0 308.0 75.1 131.8 154.8 184.0 476.9

11.0 39.9 60.6 68.8 89.0 160.3 48.8 75.7 86.0 111.7 192.3 60.6 94.2 107.1 142.1 280.7 70.0 122.0 145.5 178.9 434.5

11.5 36.9 56.1 63.7 83.3 146.7 44.8 70.0 79.5 104.6 175.9 55.7 88.1 99.9 134.8 256.8 65.6 113.5 135.7 173.6 397.6

12.0 34.3 52.1 59.1 78.4 134.7 41.3 64.9 73.8 98.5 161.6 51.2 82.8 93.7 126.8 235.8 60.6 105.9 126.6 167.9 365.1

12.5 31.8 48.5 55.0 74.0 124.1 38.1 60.4 68.7 93.1 148.9 47.2 78.1 88.1 118.7 217.3 55.8 99.2 118.4 162.0 336.5

13.0 29.5 45.3 51.3 70.0 114.8 35.4 56.1 64.0 87.8 137.7 43.6 74.1 83.2 111.5 200.9 51.6 93.3 111.1 155.2 311.1

13.5 27.4 42.4 48.1 65.5 106.4 32.9 52.1 59.9 82.2 127.7 40.5 70.0 78.8 105.1 186.3 47.9 88.0 104.6 147.7 288.5

14.0 25.5 39.7 45.1 61.5 99.0 30.7 48.5 55.9 77.0 118.7 37.6 65.6 74.9 99.3 173.3 44.5 83.2 98.7 139.8 268.3

14.5 23.8 37.3 42.4 57.8 92.3 28.7 45.3 52.1 72.4 110.7 35.1 61.7 71.4 94.1 161.5 41.5 78.9 93.5 131.9 250.1

15.0 35.2 39.9 54.4 86.2 26.9 42.4 48.8 68.2 103.4 32.8 58.0 67.2 89.4 150.9 38.8 75.1 88.7 124.8 233.7

15.5 33.2 37.7 51.4 80.7 25.3 39.7 45.7 64.3 96.8 30.7 54.4 63.4 85.2 141.3 36.3 71.5 84.4 118.2 218.9

16.0 31.2 35.6 48.6 75.8 37.3 42.9 60.7 90.9 28.8 51.1 59.9 81.3 132.7 34.1 68.2 80.5 112.3 205.4

16.5 29.4 33.7 46.0 71.2 35.1 40.4 57.4 85.5 27.1 48.1 56.6 77.8 124.7 32.0 65.2 77.0 106.8 193.1

17.0 27.7 31.8 43.6 67.1 33.1 38.1 54.0 80.5 45.4 53.3 74.7 117.5 61.6 73.8 101.8 181.9

17.5 30.1 41.4 63.3 31.3 35.9 51.0 76.0 42.9 50.4 71.8 110.9 58.1 70.6 97.2 171.7

18.0 28.4 39.4 59.9 29.6 34.0 48.2 71.8 40.6 47.6 68.3 104.8 54.9 67.7 93.0 162.3

Note: Tables assume one flange continuously restrained by roof or wall cladding.

11
design information

Design Capacity Tables For walls, provided the maximum spacing between
The loads given in these tables are the design load brace struts / sag rods is limited to 3000 mm and the
capacity for ultimate limit state (WLC) in kilonewtons per wall cladding is screw fixed to the girts, the dead load
metre of span (kN/m) for loads uniformly distributed of the girts and cladding may be assumed to be carried
along the span. For other load situations, specific directly by the bracing system. Accordingly, the girts may
design is required. Loads for intermediate spans may be be designed for face loads only. The design engineer
determined by linear interpolation. should ensure that the loads in the bracing system can be
supported either by an eaves member or directly by the
Strength reduction factors are included in the design load foundations.
capacity and have been determined from AISI LRFD Cold-
Formed Steel Design Manual 1991 as follows: Axial Loads
Where HST purlins are required to support axial loads, as
Bending = 0.9
well as bending loads, such as when they act as bracing
Axial Load = 0.85
struts or are required to transmit end wall loads to the
The self weight of HST purlin is not included in the load roof bracing system, then the interaction equation set out
tables and should be calculated along with other dead below, as adopted from the AISI LRFD Cold-Formed Steel
loads. Design Manual 1991, is recommended.

The tables are applicable to both inward and outward N* + CmxWL* 1.0
loads, ie. loads acting towards the centre of the section NC WLC nx

and away from the centre of the section respectively.


In both cases the tables assume full lateral restraint is
N* = Applied ultimate limit state axial load (kN)
provided to one flange by roof or wall cladding, with
NC = Design load capacity for members subject
normal screw fixings. For inward loads fully restrained
to axial compression (kN) from charts
values may be used, while for outward loads braced
values are appropriate. WL* = Applied ultimate limit state uniformly
distributed load about the X axis (kN/m)
Where HST purlins or girts are to be used in situations
WLC = Design load capacity for uniformly
where at least one flange is not continuously laterally
distributed load (kN/m) from charts
restrained by roof or wall cladding, then the design loads
Cmx = Load coefficient
must be reduced. Specific guidance should be sought
from Steel & Tube. = 1.0 for a member subject to uniformly
distributed load
The serviceability load (WS) is the uniformly distributed
nx = (1 - N* / NEX)
load (kN/m) at which the midspan deflection equals
NEX = Euler buckling capacity about the X axis,
span/150. This corresponds to the serviceability limit
as given by the design capacity axial load
recommended for roofs with brittle cladding under
table (kN)
wind load only. Deflections at other loadings can be
determined by direct proportion and corresponding Note the HST purlin is assumed to have zero distribution
serviceability limit states checked accordingly. load about the Y axis of bending. Where biaxial bending
occurs, then specific guidance should be sought from
load combinations Steel & Tube.
The Limit State method of design is recommended with
combinations of factored loads for each limit state in
accordance with AS/NZS1170:2002. This should include
dead, live, wind, snow and earthquake loads.

Loads are assumed to act about the major axis of


symmetry. For roof pitches over 10, the design engineer
shall allow for the resultant force in the plane of the roof
due to dead, live and snow loads.

12
Design examples

The following design examples are based on loads WLC (FR) = 1.84 kN/m > WL* HST 250/15 OK
calculated in limit state format, in accordance with AS/
For upward loading, use braced case with one
NZS 1170:2002
brace
Example 1 - Roof WLC(1B) = 1.13 kN/m > WL* HST 250/15 OK
The example below considers a purlin in a typical portal
Use HST 250/15 at 1.9 m spacing, with 1 brace at
frame building, with lightweight metal cladding.
midspan.
Limit State Loads from AS/NZS 1170:2002
Dead Load G = 0.15 kPa
Example 2 - Wall
The example below considers a girt in a typical portal
Live Load Q = 0.25 kPa
frame building, with lightweight metal cladding.
Ultimate Wind Load (WU) pz = 0.69 kPa
Ultimate Wind Load (WU) pz = 0.44 kPa Limit State Loads from AS/NZS1170:2002
Serviceability Wind (WS) pz = 0.46 kPa Ultimate Wind Load (WU) pz (in) = 0.86 kPa
Serviceability Wind (WS) pz = 0.29 kPa Ultimate Wind Load (WU) pz (out) = 0.43 kPa
Serviceability Wind (WS) pz (in) = 0.57 kPa
Geometry
Serviceability Wind (WS) pz (out) = 0.28 kPa
Span L = 9.0 m
Purlin Spacing S = 1.9 m Geometry
Span L = 10.0 m
a) Check Serviceability Limit State (deflection) using WS
Girt Spacing S = 1.8 m
values in Design Capacity Tables.
Serviceability Load Combinations a) Check Serviceability Limit State (deflection) using WS
G + lQ = 0.15 + 0 x 0.25 = 0.15 kPa values in Design Capacity Tables.
WS = -0.46 kPa Serviceability Load Combinations
WS = 0.29 kPa WS(in) = 0.57 kPa (in)
WS(out) = 0.28 kPa (out)
Calculate the maximum distributed loads
WS* (wind) = 1.9 x 0.46 = 0.87 kN/m Calculate the maximum distributed loads
WS* (dead) = 1.9 x 0.15 = 0.29 kN/m WS* (wind) = 1.8 x 0.57 = 1.03 kN/m (in)
Check wind load at deflection limit of L/150 Check wind load at deflection limit of L/150
From charts for HST 250/15. From charts for HST 300/15
WS = 0.95 kN/m > WL* HST 250/15 OK WS = 1.18 kN/m > WL*(in) HST 300/15 OK
Check dead load at deflection limit of L/300 b) Check Ultimate Limit State using WLC values in Design
WS = 0.5 x 0.95 Capacity Tables.
= 0.48 kN/m > WL* HST 250/15 OK Calculate the maximum ultimate limit state
distributed loads
b) Check Ultimate Limit State using WLC values in Design
WL*(in) = 1.8 x 0.86 = 1.55 kN/m (in)
Capacity Tables.
WL*(out) = 1.8 x 0.43 = 0.77 kN/m (out)
Ultimate Load Combinations
1.35G = 1.35 x 0.15 = 0.20 kPa Outer flange of the girt is restrained by the
1.2G + 1.5Q = 1.2 x 0.15 + 1.5 x 0.25 = 0.56 kPa sheeting material, therefore the girt is considered
1.2G + WU = 1.2 x 0.15 + 0.44 = 0.62 kPa fully restrained for inward loading.
0.9G + WU = 0.9 x 0.15 - 0.69 = 0.56 kPa WLC(FR) = 2.02 kN/m > WL*(in) HST 300/15 OK
Calculate the maximum distributed loads For outward loading, use braced case with one
WL* = 1.9 x 0.62 = 1.18 kN/m brace.
WL* = 1.9 x -0.56 = -1.06 kN/m WLC(1B) = 1.32 kN/m > WL*(out) HST 300/15 OK
Top flange of the purlin is restrained by the sheeting Use HST 300/15 at 1.8 m spacing, with 1 brace at
material, therefore consider the purlin fully restrained for midspan.
downward loading.

13
Design examples

Example 3 - axial b) Try two HST 250/15 (with 1 brace), purlins back to
Consider the purlin of example 1 as a roof bracing strut, back.
with an ultimate axial load N* due to longitudinal wind. Ultimate loads to purlins
N* = 17.0 kN (per purlin)
Design Axial Load N* = 34.0 kN WL* = 0.59 kN/m (per purlin)
From example 1 WL* = 1.18 kN/m WL* = -0.53 kN/m (per purlin)
From example 1 WL* = -1.06 kN/m
From Design Capacity Tables
Check Ultimate Limit State using values in Design Design axial load capacity NC = 38.4 kN
Capacity Tables. Euler buckling capacity NEX = 140.1 kN
a) Try HST 250/15 with 3 braces Design load capacity WLC(FR) = 1.84 kN/m
From Design Capacity Tables Design load capacity WLC(1B) = 1.13 kN/m
Design axial load capacity NC = 65.5 kN Cmx = 1.0
Euler buckling capacity NEX = 140.1 kN nx = 1 - N*/ NEX
Design load capacity WLC(FR) = 1.84 kN/m = 1 - 17.0 / 140.1 = 0.879
Design load capacity WLC(3B) = 1.69 kN/m N* Cmx WL *
Cmx = 1.0 NC + WLC(FR) nx
nx = 1 - N*/ NEX
= 1 - 34.0 / 140.1 = 0.757 = 17.0 1.0 x 0.59
+
38.4 1.84 x 0.879
N* Cmx WL *
= 0.81 < 1.0 2HST 250/15 OK
NC + WLC(FR) nx
= 34.0 1.0 x 1.18 N* Cmx WL *
+
65.5 1.84 x 0.757 NC + WLC(1B) nx
= 1.37 > 1.0 No Good = 17.0 1.0 x 0.53
+
38.4 1.13 x 0.879
N* Cmx WL *
= 0.98 < 1.0 2HST 250/15 OK
NC + WLC(3B) nx
= 34.0 1.0 x 1.06 Use two HST 250/15 back to back (with 1 brace), for
+ the purlins acting as roof bracing struts.
65.5 1.69 x 0.757
= 1.35 > 1.0 No Good

14
lapped Purlins
introduction

HST Lapped Purlins The tables are applicable to both inward and outward
Lapped HST purlins provide the advantage of increased loads. In both cases the tables assume full lateral restraint
load carrying capacity and reduced deflections when is provided to one flange by roof or wall cladding, with
compared to single span HST purlins. The following tables normal screw fixings. Contrary to single span HST purlins,
replace the Uniformly Distributed Load Single Span tables braced values must be used for both inward and outward
on pages 6, 7 and 8 of the design guide, when lapped loads. Fully restrained values are not applicable for lapped
HST purlins are used. For all other properties refer to the HST purlins unless the compression flange is continuously
design guide. fully restrained (note the compression flange changes
from one flange to the other within the span).
The tables are based on a lap length of 5% of span length
(and a minimum length of 300 mm) each side of the Where HST purlins or girts are to be used in situations
support. where at least one flange is not continuously laterally
restrained by roof or wall cladding, then the design loads
Design cApacity tables must be reduced. Specific guidance should be sought
Load capacities have been determined in accordance from Steel & Tube.
with AISI LRFD Cold-Formed Steel Design manual, 1991
The serviceability load (WS) is the uniformly distributed
and confirmed by a full scale testing programme.
load (kN/m) at which the midspan deflection equals span/
The loads given in these tables are the design load 150.
capacity for ultimate limit state (WLC) in kilonewtons per
metre of span (kN/m) for loads uniformly distributed Limitations
along the span. For other load situations, specific The Tables are not applicable when the length of adjacent
design is required. Loads for intermediate spans may be spans differ by more than 10%, nor when the loading
determined by linear interpolation. varies by more than 50% between adjacent spans.

The self weight of the HST purlin is not included in the The tabulated values are for end and internal spans
load tables and should be calculated along with other where there is a lap over each internal support. They are
dead loads. not applicable when a HST purlin is continuous over a
support without a lap. Purlin spacing is limited to 2.4
Tables are included for end spans and internal spans. metres when the standard bracing channel is used.
A greater load capacity is available for internal spans
because of the continuity at both ends. Specific guidance should be sought from Steel & Tube
when these requirements are not satisfied.
Because the maximum moment for the end span occurs
over the first support, the first internal HST purlin is
required to carry the same moment and the load tables
are not applicable. Consequently the purlin size and
number of braces for the first internal purlin or girt
must be at least equal to the end purlin requirements.
Refer to the diagram below.

Use end span tables Use internal span tables Use end span tables

Purlin/Girt lap over each Purlin/Girt size and Purlin/Girt size and
internal support bracing as end span bracing as end span

15
typical construction
layout
HST Lapped purlins
with Single bracing Sag Rod Purlin

Bracing

Bracing
Channel
L Gable End
0.5
Rafter
Sag Rod

Spa
cin L
g
0.5

Bracing
Channel
Purlin
Purlin

0.05 L < 300 0.05 L < 300

Lapped Purlins - End Span

0.05 L < 300 0.05 L < 300 0.05 L < 300 0.05 L < 300

Lapped Purlins - Internal Span


Hole positions for intermediate braces as for the single span purlins

Cleat welded to rafter Spacers same thickness as cleat

Note: Minimum bolt size M16 for lapped purlins

16
design capacity
tables
ultimate Uniformly distributed load - lapped end span
HST 150/12 HST 150/15 HST 150/18 HST 200/12 HST 200/15

WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS


(kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m)

Span 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 0B 1B 2B FR DEF

3.0 6.43 6.43 6.43 10.22 8.72 8.72 8.72 12.75 11.00 11.00 11.00 15.23 9.50 9.50 9.50 22.24 12.68 12.68 12.68 27.80

3.5 4.80 4.85 4.85 6.44 6.53 6.58 6.58 8.03 8.28 8.32 8.32 9.59 7.27 7.27 7.27 14.01 9.72 9.72 9.72 17.51

4.0 3.57 3.77 3.77 4.31 4.86 5.13 5.13 5.38 6.14 6.50 6.50 6.42 5.73 5.73 5.73 9.38 7.67 7.67 7.67 11.73

4.5 2.73 3.00 3.02 3.03 3.70 4.09 4.11 3.78 4.66 5.20 5.21 4.51 4.43 4.62 4.62 6.59 6.01 6.19 6.19 8.24

5.0 2.13 2.40 2.47 2.21 2.88 3.26 3.36 2.75 3.61 4.15 4.27 3.29 3.47 3.80 3.80 4.80 4.72 5.10 5.10 6.00

5.5 1.67 1.95 2.05 1.66 2.26 2.66 2.80 2.07 2.83 3.37 3.55 2.47 2.76 3.14 3.18 3.61 3.77 4.24 4.26 4.51

6.0 1.33 1.61 1.73 1.28 1.79 2.19 2.36 1.59 2.24 2.78 3.00 1.90 2.22 2.60 2.69 2.78 3.03 3.52 3.62 3.47

6.5 1.06 1.35 1.48 1.01 1.42 1.83 2.02 1.25 1.78 2.31 2.57 1.50 1.80 2.18 2.31 2.19 2.45 2.95 3.10 2.73

7.0 0.85 1.14 1.28 0.80 1.13 1.55 1.75 1.00 1.42 1.95 2.23 1.20 1.47 1.85 2.00 1.75 1.99 2.50 2.69 2.19

7.5 0.67 0.97 1.12 0.65 0.89 1.32 1.53 0.82 1.12 1.65 1.95 0.97 1.19 1.58 1.75 1.42 1.61 2.14 2.36 1.78

8.0 0.53 0.83 0.99 0.54 0.71 1.13 1.35 0.67 0.87 1.41 1.71 0.80 0.97 1.36 1.55 1.17 1.30 1.85 2.08 1.47

8.5 0.42 0.72 0.88 0.45 0.56 0.97 1.19 0.56 0.69 1.21 1.52 0.67 0.79 1.18 1.38 0.98 1.05 1.60 1.85 1.22

9.0 0.34 0.62 0.78 0.38 0.46 0.83 1.07 0.47 0.56 1.04 1.36 0.56 0.64 1.02 1.23 0.82 0.85 1.39 1.65 1.03

9.5 0.28 0.54 0.70 0.32 0.37 0.72 0.96 0.40 0.45 0.90 1.22 0.48 0.52 0.89 1.11 0.70 0.69 1.22 1.49 0.88

10.0 0.23 0.46 0.64 0.28 0.31 0.62 0.87 0.34 0.37 0.78 1.10 0.41 0.43 0.78 1.00 0.60 0.57 1.07 1.35 0.75

10.5 0.25 0.54 0.79 0.30 0.31 0.68 1.00 0.36 0.36 0.69 0.91 0.52 0.48 0.93 1.22 0.65

11.0 0.21 0.47 0.72 0.26 0.26 0.59 0.91 0.31 0.30 0.60 0.83 0.45 0.40 0.82 1.12 0.56

11.5 0.22 0.51 0.84 0.27 0.26 0.53 0.76 0.39 0.34 0.72 1.02 0.49

12.0 0.19 0.44 0.77 0.24 0.22 0.47 0.70 0.35 0.29 0.63 0.94 0.43

12.5 0.25 0.55 0.87 0.38

13.0 0.21 0.48 0.80 0.34

13.5

14.0

14.5

15.0

15.5

16.0

16.5

17.0

17.5

18.0

Note: 1. Use this table only for external spans with a lap at one end.
2. Lap length to be the greater of 5% of the longer adjacent span or 300 mm each side of the support.
3. Tables assume one flange continuously restrained by roof or wall cladding

17
design capacity
tables
ultimate Uniformly distributed load - lapped end span
HST 200/18 HST 250/13 HST 250/15 HST 250/18

WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS


(kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m)

Span 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF

3.0 15.95 15.95 15.95 33.25

3.5 12.27 12.27 12.27 20.94

4.0 9.71 9.71 9.71 14.03 8.35 8.35 8.35 8.35 18.31 10.06 10.06 10.06 10.06 21.13 12.68 12.68 12.68 12.68 25.32

4.5 7.62 7.85 7.85 9.85 6.76 6.76 6.76 6.76 12.86 8.17 8.17 8.17 8.17 14.84 10.32 10.32 10.32 10.32 17.78

5.0 5.97 6.47 6.47 7.18 5.41 5.58 5.58 5.58 9.37 6.59 6.75 6.75 6.75 10.82 8.38 8.55 8.55 8.55 12.96

5.5 4.74 5.41 5.42 5.40 4.35 4.68 4.68 4.68 7.04 5.29 5.67 5.67 5.67 8.13 6.72 7.19 7.19 7.19 9.74

6.0 3.81 4.48 4.60 4.16 3.54 3.97 3.98 3.98 5.42 4.31 4.82 4.82 4.82 6.26 5.46 6.12 6.12 6.12 7.50

6.5 3.07 3.75 3.95 3.27 2.91 3.34 3.42 3.42 4.27 3.54 4.07 4.15 4.15 4.92 4.47 5.20 5.27 5.27 5.90

7.0 2.49 3.18 3.43 2.62 2.41 2.84 2.97 2.97 3.42 2.93 3.46 3.60 3.60 3.94 3.69 4.42 4.59 4.59 4.72

7.5 2.02 2.71 3.01 2.13 2.01 2.44 2.56 2.60 2.78 2.44 2.97 3.13 3.16 3.21 3.06 3.79 4.00 4.02 3.84

8.0 1.63 2.33 2.65 1.75 1.68 2.11 2.24 2.30 2.29 2.04 2.57 2.72 2.79 2.64 2.55 3.27 3.48 3.56 3.16

8.5 1.31 2.02 2.36 1.46 1.40 1.84 1.96 2.04 1.91 1.69 2.24 2.39 2.48 2.20 2.12 2.85 3.06 3.17 2.64

9.0 1.06 1.75 2.11 1.23 1.17 1.61 1.74 1.83 1.61 1.41 1.96 2.11 2.22 1.86 1.76 2.49 2.70 2.84 2.22

9.5 0.87 1.53 1.90 1.05 0.97 1.42 1.54 1.64 1.37 1.16 1.73 1.88 2.00 1.58 1.46 2.19 2.40 2.56 1.89

10.0 0.71 1.34 1.72 0.90 0.80 1.25 1.38 1.49 1.17 0.96 1.53 1.68 1.81 1.35 1.20 1.93 2.14 2.31 1.62

10.5 0.59 1.17 1.56 0.78 0.67 1.11 1.24 1.35 1.01 0.80 1.35 1.50 1.65 1.17 1.00 1.71 1.91 2.10 1.40

11.0 0.49 1.03 1.43 0.67 0.56 0.99 1.11 1.23 0.88 0.67 1.20 1.35 1.50 1.02 0.85 1.51 1.72 1.92 1.22

11.5 0.41 0.90 1.31 0.59 0.48 0.88 1.00 1.13 0.77 0.57 1.07 1.22 1.38 0.89 0.72 1.35 1.55 1.76 1.07

12.0 0.35 0.79 1.20 0.52 0.41 0.79 0.91 1.04 0.68 0.49 0.95 1.11 1.27 0.78 0.61 1.20 1.41 1.62 0.94

12.5 0.30 0.69 1.11 0.46 0.35 0.70 0.83 0.96 0.60 0.42 0.85 1.01 1.17 0.69 0.53 1.07 1.28 1.50 0.83

13.0 0.26 0.61 1.03 0.41 0.30 0.63 0.75 0.89 0.53 0.36 0.76 0.92 1.08 0.62 0.45 0.95 1.16 1.39 0.74

13.5 0.22 0.53 0.95 0.36 0.26 0.56 0.69 0.83 0.48 0.32 0.68 0.84 1.01 0.55 0.39 0.85 1.06 1.29 0.66

14.0 0.19 0.46 0.89 0.33 0.23 0.50 0.63 0.77 0.43 0.28 0.60 0.77 0.94 0.49 0.34 0.76 0.97 1.20 0.59

14.5 0.20 0.45 0.58 0.72 0.38 0.24 0.54 0.70 0.87 0.44 0.30 0.67 0.88 1.12 0.53

15.0 0.18 0.40 0.53 0.67 0.35 0.21 0.48 0.64 0.82 0.40 0.26 0.60 0.81 1.05 0.48

15.5 0.19 0.42 0.59 0.77 0.36 0.23 0.53 0.74 0.98 0.44

16.0 0.17 0.38 0.54 0.72 0.33 0.20 0.47 0.68 0.92 0.40

16.5 0.18 0.42 0.62 0.87 0.36

17.0 0.16 0.38 0.57 0.82 0.33

17.5

18.0

Note: 1. Use this table only for external spans with a lap at one end.
2. Lap length to be the greater of 5% of the longer adjacent span or 300 mm each side of the support.
3. Tables assume one flange continuously restrained by roof or wall cladding

18
ultimate Uniformly distributed load - lapped end span
HST 300/15 HST 300/18 HST 350/18 HST 400/20

WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS


(kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m)

Span 1B 2B 3B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0 8.86 8.86 8.86 8.86 18.50 11.24 11.24 11.24 11.24 22.19 13.63 13.63 13.63 13.63 32.38 16.95 16.95 16.95 16.95 50.14

5.5 7.47 7.47 7.47 7.47 13.90 9.50 9.50 9.50 9.50 16.67 11.53 11.53 11.53 11.53 24.33 14.33 14.33 14.33 14.33 37.67

6.0 6.19 6.38 6.38 6.38 10.70 7.89 8.13 8.13 8.13 12.84 9.77 9.87 9.87 9.87 18.74 12.26 12.26 12.26 12.26 29.02

6.5 5.15 5.50 5.50 5.50 8.42 6.54 7.03 7.03 7.03 10.10 8.12 8.53 8.53 8.53 14.74 10.40 10.59 10.59 10.59 22.82

7.0 4.32 4.79 4.79 4.79 6.74 5.48 6.13 6.13 6.13 8.09 6.82 7.45 7.45 7.45 11.80 8.79 9.24 9.24 9.24 18.27

7.5 3.65 4.18 4.21 4.21 5.48 4.62 5.35 5.39 5.39 6.57 5.76 6.55 6.55 6.55 9.60 7.48 8.13 8.13 8.13 14.86

8.0 3.10 3.63 3.73 3.73 4.52 3.91 4.64 4.78 4.78 5.42 4.90 5.73 5.81 5.81 7.91 6.42 7.20 7.20 7.20 12.24

8.5 2.64 3.18 3.32 3.32 3.77 3.33 4.06 4.26 4.26 4.52 4.18 5.02 5.18 5.18 6.59 5.52 6.34 6.42 6.42 10.21

9.0 2.26 2.80 2.94 2.98 3.17 2.84 3.57 3.78 3.82 3.80 3.58 4.42 4.64 4.65 5.55 4.75 5.60 5.76 5.76 8.60

9.5 1.93 2.48 2.63 2.68 2.70 2.42 3.16 3.37 3.45 3.23 3.07 3.91 4.14 4.19 4.72 4.09 4.97 5.19 5.20 7.31

10.0 1.65 2.20 2.35 2.43 2.31 2.07 2.80 3.01 3.12 2.77 2.62 3.48 3.71 3.80 4.05 3.52 4.44 4.66 4.71 6.27

10.5 1.41 1.97 2.12 2.21 2.00 1.76 2.50 2.71 2.84 2.40 2.24 3.11 3.34 3.46 3.50 3.04 3.98 4.21 4.29 5.41

11.0 1.20 1.76 1.92 2.02 1.74 1.50 2.24 2.45 2.60 2.08 1.90 2.78 3.02 3.16 3.04 2.62 3.58 3.81 3.92 4.71

11.5 1.01 1.58 1.74 1.85 1.52 1.27 2.01 2.22 2.39 1.82 1.62 2.50 2.74 2.90 2.66 2.25 3.23 3.46 3.59 4.12

12.0 0.86 1.43 1.58 1.71 1.34 1.08 1.81 2.01 2.20 1.60 1.38 2.25 2.49 2.67 2.34 1.93 2.93 3.16 3.31 3.63

12.5 0.74 1.29 1.44 1.58 1.18 0.93 1.63 1.84 2.03 1.42 1.18 2.03 2.27 2.47 2.07 1.65 2.66 2.89 3.06 3.21

13.0 0.64 1.16 1.32 1.46 1.05 0.81 1.47 1.68 1.88 1.26 1.02 1.84 2.08 2.29 1.84 1.43 2.42 2.65 2.83 2.85

13.5 0.56 1.05 1.21 1.36 0.94 0.70 1.33 1.54 1.75 1.13 0.89 1.67 1.91 2.12 1.65 1.24 2.20 2.44 2.63 2.55

14.0 0.49 0.96 1.11 1.26 0.84 0.61 1.20 1.41 1.63 1.01 0.77 1.51 1.75 1.98 1.48 1.08 2.00 2.24 2.45 2.28

14.5 0.43 0.87 1.02 1.18 0.76 0.54 1.09 1.30 1.52 0.91 0.68 1.37 1.62 1.85 1.33 0.95 1.82 2.07 2.29 2.06

15.0 0.38 0.79 0.94 1.10 0.69 0.47 0.99 1.20 1.42 0.82 0.60 1.25 1.49 1.73 1.20 0.83 1.66 1.92 2.14 1.86

15.5 0.33 0.71 0.87 1.03 0.62 0.42 0.89 1.11 1.33 0.74 0.53 1.13 1.38 1.62 1.09 0.74 1.51 1.78 2.01 1.68

16.0 0.30 0.65 0.81 0.97 0.56 0.37 0.81 1.02 1.25 0.68 0.47 1.03 1.27 1.52 0.99 0.65 1.38 1.65 1.88 1.53

16.5 0.26 0.59 0.75 0.91 0.51 0.33 0.73 0.95 1.18 0.62 0.42 0.93 1.18 1.43 0.90 0.58 1.26 1.54 1.77 1.40

17.0 0.24 0.53 0.69 0.86 0.47 0.30 0.66 0.88 1.11 0.56 0.37 0.84 1.10 1.35 0.82 0.52 1.15 1.43 1.67 1.28

17.5 0.21 0.48 0.64 0.81 0.43 0.27 0.60 0.81 1.05 0.52 0.34 0.76 1.02 1.28 0.76 0.47 1.04 1.33 1.58 1.17

18.0 0.19 0.43 0.60 0.77 0.40 0.24 0.54 0.75 0.99 0.48 0.30 0.69 0.94 1.21 0.69 0.42 0.95 1.25 1.49 1.07

Note: 1. Use this table only for external spans with a lap at one end.
2. Lap length to be the greater of 5% of the longer adjacent span or 300 mm each side of the support.
3. Tables assume one flange continuously restrained by roof or wall cladding

19
design capacity
tables
ultimate uniformly distributed load - lapped INTERNAL SPAN
HST 150/12 HST 150/15 HST 150/18 HST 200/12 HST 200/15

WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS


(kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m)

Span 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 0B 1B 2B FR DEF

3.0 9.65 9.65 9.65 23.00 13.09 13.09 13.09 28.70 16.53 16.53 16.53 34.26 14.34 14.34 14.34 50.05 19.15 19.15 19.15 62.55

3.5 7.26 7.26 7.26 14.49 9.86 9.86 9.86 18.07 12.48 12.48 12.48 21.57 10.94 10.94 10.94 31.52 14.64 14.64 14.64 39.39

4.0 5.56 5.64 5.64 9.71 7.57 7.67 7.67 12.11 9.61 9.73 9.73 14.45 8.60 8.60 8.60 21.12 11.52 11.52 11.52 26.39

4.5 4.31 4.49 4.51 6.82 5.86 6.12 6.13 8.50 7.42 7.79 7.79 10.15 6.92 6.92 6.92 14.83 9.28 9.28 9.28 18.53

5.0 3.41 3.60 3.68 4.97 4.63 4.90 5.01 6.20 5.86 6.23 6.37 7.40 5.50 5.68 5.68 10.81 7.45 7.63 7.63 13.51

5.5 2.75 2.94 3.06 3.73 3.73 3.99 4.17 4.66 4.70 5.07 5.30 5.56 4.45 4.71 4.75 8.12 6.03 6.36 6.37 10.15

6.0 2.24 2.43 2.58 2.88 3.04 3.31 3.52 3.59 3.82 4.19 4.48 4.28 3.65 3.91 4.02 6.26 4.95 5.28 5.40 7.82

6.5 1.84 2.04 2.21 2.26 2.50 2.77 3.01 2.82 3.14 3.50 3.83 3.37 3.02 3.28 3.45 4.92 4.11 4.44 4.63 6.15

7.0 1.53 1.73 1.91 1.81 2.07 2.34 2.60 2.26 2.60 2.96 3.32 2.70 2.53 2.79 2.99 3.94 3.44 3.78 4.02 4.92

7.5 1.28 1.47 1.67 1.47 1.72 2.00 2.27 1.84 2.16 2.52 2.90 2.19 2.12 2.39 2.61 3.20 2.90 3.24 3.51 4.00

8.0 1.07 1.27 1.47 1.21 1.44 1.72 2.00 1.51 1.81 2.16 2.55 1.81 1.80 2.06 2.31 2.64 2.45 2.80 3.10 3.30

8.5 0.89 1.10 1.30 1.01 1.20 1.49 1.78 1.26 1.51 1.86 2.26 1.51 1.52 1.79 2.05 2.20 2.07 2.43 2.75 2.75

9.0 0.75 0.95 1.16 0.85 1.00 1.29 1.59 1.06 1.26 1.62 2.02 1.27 1.30 1.56 1.83 1.85 1.76 2.13 2.46 2.32

9.5 0.62 0.83 1.05 0.72 0.83 1.12 1.43 0.90 1.06 1.40 1.82 1.08 1.10 1.37 1.65 1.58 1.49 1.87 2.22 1.97

10.0 0.52 0.73 0.94 0.62 0.69 0.98 1.29 0.77 0.87 1.22 1.64 0.93 0.94 1.21 1.49 1.35 1.26 1.65 2.00 1.69

10.5 0.58 0.85 1.17 0.67 0.72 1.07 1.49 0.80 0.79 1.07 1.35 1.17 1.06 1.45 1.82 1.46

11.0 0.49 0.75 1.07 0.58 0.61 0.94 1.36 0.69 0.67 0.94 1.23 1.02 0.89 1.28 1.66 1.27

11.5 0.51 0.82 1.25 0.61 0.57 0.83 1.13 0.89 0.76 1.13 1.52 1.11

12.0 0.44 0.72 1.14 0.54 0.49 0.74 1.04 0.78 0.65 1.00 1.40 0.98

12.5

13.0

13.5

14.0

14.5

15.0

15.5

16.0

16.5

17.0

17.5

18.0

Note: 1. Use this table only for internal spans (excluding the first internal span) with laps at both ends.
2. Do not use this table for first internal span. Use purlin size and number of braces as end span.
3. Lap length to be the greater of 5% of the longer adjacent span or 300 mm each side of the support.
4. Tables assume one flange continuously restrained by roof or wall cladding

20
ultimate uniformly distributed load - lapped INTERNAL SPAN
HST 200/18 HST 250/13 HST 250/15 HST 250/18

WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS


(kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m)

Span 0B 1B 2B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF

3.0 24.13 24.13 24.13 74.81

3.5 18.50 18.50 18.50 47.11

4.0 14.59 14.59 14.59 31.56 12.56 12.56 12.56 12.56 41.19 15.15 15.15 15.15 15.15 47.55 19.11 19.11 19.11 19.11 56.97

4.5 11.78 11.78 11.78 22.17 10.15 10.15 10.15 10.15 28.93 12.27 12.27 12.27 12.27 33.40 15.52 15.52 15.52 15.52 40.01

5.0 9.48 9.69 9.69 16.16 8.36 8.36 8.36 8.36 21.09 10.13 10.13 10.13 10.13 24.35 12.83 12.83 12.83 12.83 29.17

5.5 7.66 8.11 8.11 12.14 6.85 7.00 7.00 7.00 15.85 8.35 8.49 8.49 8.49 18.29 10.64 10.77 10.77 10.77 21.91

6.0 6.27 6.74 6.88 9.35 5.65 5.94 5.94 5.94 12.21 6.88 7.21 7.21 7.21 14.09 8.77 9.17 9.17 9.17 16.88

6.5 5.19 5.66 5.91 7.35 4.72 5.02 5.10 5.10 9.60 5.75 6.12 6.20 6.20 11.08 7.30 7.81 7.89 7.89 13.28

7.0 4.34 4.80 5.12 5.89 3.98 4.28 4.41 4.43 7.69 4.84 5.21 5.38 5.38 8.87 6.15 6.65 6.85 6.85 10.63

7.5 3.65 4.11 4.48 4.79 3.38 3.68 3.81 3.88 6.25 4.11 4.49 4.65 4.72 7.21 5.21 5.72 5.95 6.01 8.64

8.0 3.08 3.55 3.96 3.94 2.89 3.19 3.33 3.42 5.15 3.52 3.89 4.05 4.16 5.94 4.45 4.95 5.18 5.31 7.12

8.5 2.60 3.08 3.52 3.29 2.48 2.79 2.92 3.04 4.29 3.02 3.39 3.56 3.70 4.96 3.81 4.32 4.55 4.73 5.94

9.0 2.21 2.68 3.15 2.77 2.14 2.45 2.58 2.72 3.62 2.61 2.98 3.15 3.31 4.17 3.28 3.79 4.01 4.23 5.00

9.5 1.87 2.35 2.83 2.36 1.85 2.16 2.29 2.45 3.07 2.25 2.63 2.80 2.98 3.55 2.83 3.34 3.56 3.81 4.25

10.0 1.59 2.07 2.56 2.02 1.61 1.91 2.05 2.22 2.64 1.95 2.33 2.50 2.70 3.04 2.45 2.95 3.18 3.45 3.65

10.5 1.34 1.82 2.33 1.74 1.39 1.70 1.84 2.01 2.28 1.69 2.07 2.24 2.45 2.63 2.12 2.62 2.85 3.13 3.15

11.0 1.13 1.61 2.12 1.52 1.21 1.52 1.65 1.84 1.98 1.46 1.85 2.02 2.24 2.29 1.83 2.34 2.56 2.86 2.74

11.5 0.96 1.42 1.94 1.33 1.05 1.36 1.49 1.68 1.73 1.26 1.65 1.82 2.05 2.00 1.58 2.09 2.31 2.62 2.40

12.0 0.82 1.26 1.79 1.17 0.90 1.22 1.35 1.55 1.53 1.08 1.48 1.65 1.89 1.76 1.36 1.87 2.09 2.41 2.11

12.5 0.70 1.11 1.65 1.03 0.78 1.09 1.23 1.43 1.35 0.93 1.33 1.50 1.74 1.56 1.17 1.67 1.90 2.23 1.87

13.0 0.60 0.98 1.53 0.92 0.67 0.98 1.12 1.32 1.20 0.80 1.20 1.36 1.61 1.39 1.01 1.50 1.73 2.06 1.66

13.5 0.52 0.87 1.42 0.82 0.58 0.88 1.02 1.23 1.07 0.70 1.08 1.25 1.50 1.24 0.88 1.35 1.57 1.91 1.48

14.0 0.45 0.77 1.32 0.74 0.51 0.80 0.94 1.14 0.96 0.61 0.97 1.14 1.39 1.11 0.77 1.21 1.44 1.78 1.33

14.5 0.45 0.72 0.86 1.07 0.86 0.54 0.87 1.04 1.30 1.00 0.68 1.09 1.31 1.66 1.20

15.0 0.39 0.65 0.79 1.00 0.78 0.47 0.78 0.96 1.22 0.90 0.60 0.97 1.20 1.55 1.08

15.5 0.42 0.70 0.88 1.14 0.82 0.53 0.87 1.10 1.46 0.98

16.0 0.37 0.62 0.81 1.07 0.74 0.47 0.78 1.01 1.37 0.89

16.5 0.42 0.70 0.93 1.29 0.81

17.0 0.38 0.63 0.85 1.21 0.74

17.5

18.0

Note: 1. Use this table only for internal spans (excluding the first internal span) with laps at both ends.
2. Do not use this table for first internal span. Use purlin size and number of braces as end span.
3. Lap length to be the greater of 5% of the longer adjacent span or 300 mm each side of the support.
4. Tables assume one flange continuously restrained by roof or wall cladding

21
design capacity
tables
ultimate uniformly distributed load - lapped INTERNAL SPAN
HST 300/15 HST 300/18 HST 350/18 HST 400/20

WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS WLC WS


(kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m) (kN/m)

Span 1B 2B 3B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF 1B 2B 3B FR DEF

3.0

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0 13.32 13.32 13.32 13.32 41.62 16.93 16.93 16.93 16.93 49.92 20.53 20.53 20.53 20.53 72.86 25.53 25.53 25.53 25.53 112.81

5.5 11.21 11.21 11.21 11.21 31.27 14.29 14.29 14.29 14.29 37.50 17.33 17.33 17.33 17.33 54.74 21.54 21.54 21.54 21.54 84.76

6.0 9.56 9.56 9.56 9.56 24.09 12.20 12.20 12.20 12.20 28.89 14.81 14.81 14.81 14.81 42.17 18.40 18.40 18.40 18.40 65.29

6.5 8.13 8.24 8.24 8.24 18.94 10.39 10.53 10.53 10.53 22.72 12.79 12.79 12.79 12.79 33.17 15.88 15.88 15.88 15.88 51.35

7.0 6.90 7.17 7.17 7.17 15.17 8.80 9.18 9.18 9.18 18.19 10.88 11.15 11.15 11.15 26.55 13.79 13.84 13.84 13.84 41.11

7.5 5.90 6.27 6.30 6.30 12.33 7.52 8.04 8.07 8.07 14.79 9.32 9.80 9.80 9.80 21.59 11.85 12.16 12.16 12.16 33.43

8.0 5.09 5.46 5.57 5.57 10.16 6.48 6.99 7.14 7.14 12.19 8.03 8.61 8.68 8.68 17.79 10.27 10.76 10.76 10.76 27.54

8.5 4.41 4.79 4.94 4.96 8.47 5.61 6.12 6.35 6.36 10.16 6.97 7.55 7.74 7.74 14.83 8.96 9.52 9.59 9.59 22.96

9.0 3.85 4.23 4.38 4.44 7.14 4.88 5.40 5.62 5.71 8.56 6.08 6.66 6.90 6.94 12.49 7.85 8.42 8.60 8.60 19.34

9.5 3.37 3.75 3.91 4.00 6.07 4.27 4.78 5.01 5.14 7.28 5.32 5.91 6.16 6.26 10.62 6.92 7.49 7.73 7.75 16.45

10.0 2.96 3.34 3.50 3.63 5.20 3.74 4.25 4.48 4.66 6.24 4.68 5.27 5.52 5.67 9.11 6.13 6.69 6.94 7.02 14.10

10.5 2.61 2.99 3.15 3.30 4.49 3.29 3.80 4.03 4.24 5.39 4.12 4.71 4.97 5.16 7.87 5.44 6.01 6.26 6.39 12.18

11.0 2.30 2.68 2.85 3.01 3.91 2.90 3.41 3.64 3.88 4.69 3.64 4.23 4.49 4.72 6.84 4.82 5.42 5.67 5.84 10.59

11.5 2.03 2.42 2.58 2.76 3.42 2.55 3.07 3.30 3.55 4.10 3.22 3.81 4.07 4.33 5.99 4.28 4.90 5.15 5.36 9.27

12.0 1.80 2.18 2.35 2.54 3.01 2.25 2.77 3.00 3.27 3.61 2.85 3.45 3.71 3.98 5.27 3.80 4.44 4.70 4.93 8.16

12.5 1.59 1.98 2.14 2.35 2.66 1.99 2.50 2.73 3.02 3.19 2.52 3.12 3.38 3.68 4.66 3.38 4.04 4.30 4.55 7.22

13.0 1.40 1.79 1.96 2.17 2.37 1.75 2.27 2.50 2.80 2.84 2.22 2.83 3.10 3.41 4.15 3.00 3.69 3.94 4.22 6.42

13.5 1.23 1.63 1.80 2.02 2.11 1.54 2.06 2.29 2.60 2.54 1.96 2.58 2.84 3.16 3.70 2.67 3.37 3.62 3.92 5.73

14.0 1.08 1.48 1.65 1.88 1.90 1.36 1.87 2.10 2.42 2.27 1.72 2.35 2.61 2.95 3.32 2.37 3.09 3.34 3.65 5.14

14.5 0.95 1.35 1.52 1.75 1.71 1.19 1.70 1.93 2.26 2.05 1.51 2.14 2.40 2.75 2.99 2.11 2.82 3.09 3.40 4.63

15.0 0.84 1.23 1.40 1.64 1.54 1.05 1.55 1.78 2.11 1.85 1.33 1.95 2.22 2.57 2.70 1.86 2.59 2.86 3.18 4.18

15.5 0.74 1.13 1.30 1.54 1.40 0.93 1.41 1.64 1.98 1.68 1.18 1.78 2.05 2.41 2.45 1.65 2.37 2.65 2.99 3.79

16.0 0.66 1.03 1.20 1.44 1.27 0.83 1.29 1.52 1.86 1.52 1.05 1.63 1.90 2.27 2.22 1.46 2.17 2.46 2.80 3.44

16.5 0.59 0.94 1.11 1.36 1.16 0.74 1.18 1.41 1.75 1.39 0.93 1.49 1.76 2.13 2.03 1.30 1.99 2.29 2.64 3.14

17.0 0.52 0.86 1.03 1.28 1.06 0.66 1.07 1.30 1.65 1.27 0.84 1.36 1.63 2.01 1.85 1.17 1.82 2.13 2.49 2.87

17.5 0.47 0.78 0.96 1.21 0.97 0.59 0.98 1.21 1.56 1.16 0.75 1.24 1.51 1.90 1.70 1.05 1.67 1.99 2.35 2.63

18.0 0.42 0.71 0.89 1.14 0.89 0.54 0.89 1.12 1.47 1.07 0.68 1.13 1.41 1.80 1.56 0.94 1.53 1.85 2.22 2.42

Note: 1. Use this table only for internal spans (excluding the first internal span) with laps at both ends.
2. Do not use this table for first internal span. Use purlin size and number of braces as end span.
3. Lap length to be the greater of 5% of the longer adjacent span or 300 mm each side of the support.
4. Tables assume one flange continuously restrained by roof or wall cladding

22
Design Example

The following design examples are based on loads Check wind load at deflection limit of L/150. From
calculated in limit state format, in accordance with AS/ charts for HST 250/13, lapped internal span
NZS 1170:2002 WS = 2.64 kN/m > WS-I* HST 250/13 OK

Lapped purlin Example - Roof Check dead load at deflection limit of L/300.
The example below considers a purlin in a 6-bay portal WS = 0.5 x 2.64
frame building, with lightweight metal cladding. = 1.32 kN/m > WS-I* HST 250/13 OK

Limit State Loads b) Check Ultimate Limit State using WLC values in Design
Dead Load G = 0.15 kPa Capacity Tables.
Live Load Q = 0.25 kPa i) End Span
Ultimate Wind Load End Bay (WU-E) pz = 0.91 kPa Ultimate Load Combinations
Ultimate Wind Load End Bay (WU-E) pz = 0.44 kPa 1.35G = 1.35 x 0.15 = 0.20 kPa
Ultimate Wind Load Intl Bay (WU-I) pz = 0.69 kPa 1.2G + 1.5Q = 1.2 x 0.15 + 1.5 x 0.25 = 0.56 kPa
Ultimate Wind Load Intl Bay (WU-I) pz = 0.44 kPa 1.2G + WU-E = 1.2 x 0.15 + 0.44 = 0.62 kPa
Serviceability Wind (WS-E) pz = 0.59 kPa 0.9G + WU-E = 0.9 x 0.15 - 0.91 = -0.78 kPa
Serviceability Wind (WS-E) pz = 0.29 kPa
As the flange in compression varies along the span
Serviceability Wind (WS-I) pz = 0.45 kPa
from top to bottom, the fully restrained case (FR) is not
Serviceability Wind (WS-I) pz = 0.29 kPa
applicable, and hence no distinction is made between
Geometry upward and downward loading. Therefore calculating
Span L = 10.0 m the maximum distributed load.
Purlin Spacing S = 2.4 m
WL-E* = 2.4 x -0.78 = -1.87 kN/m
a) Check Serviceability Limit State (deflection) using WS
Considering the purlin with two braces:
values in Design Capacity Tables.
i) End Span WLC(2B) = 1.93 kN/m > WL-E* HST 250/18 OK
Serviceability Load Combinations
G + lQ = 0.15 + 0 x 0.25 = 0.15 kPa Use HST 250/18 at 2.4 m spacing, with 2 braces for
WS-E = -0.59 kPa the end span and the first internal spans (those
WS-E = 0.29 kPa adjacent to the end span).

Calculate the maximum distributed loads ii) Central Internal Spans


WS-E* (dead) = 2.4 x 0.15 = 0.36 kN/m Ultimate Load Combinations
WS-E* (wind) = 2.4 x 0.59 = 1.42 kN/m 1.35G = 1.35 x 0.15 = 0.20 kPa
1.2G + 1.5Q = 1.2 x 0.15 + 1.5 x 0.25 = 0.56 kPa
Check wind load at deflection limit of L/150. From 1.2G + WU-I = 1.2 x 0.15 + 0.44 = 0.62 kPa
charts for HST 250/18, lapped end span 0.9G + WU-I = 0.9 x 0.15 - 0.69 = -0.56 kPa
WS = 1.62 kN/m > WS-E* HST 250/18 OK
Calculating the maximum distributed load:
Check dead load at deflection limit of L/300
WS = 0.5 x 1.62 WL-I* = 2.4 x 0.62 = -1.49 kN/m
= 0.81 kN/m > WS-E* HST 250/18 OK
Considering the purlin with one brace:
ii) Central Internal Spans
WLC(1B) = 1.61 kN/m > WL-I* HST 250/13 OK
Serviceability Load Combinations
G + lQ = 0.15 + 0 x 0.25 = 0.15 kPa Use HST 250/13 at 2.4 m spacing, with 1 brace for
WS-I = -0.45 kPa the central internal spans.
WS-I = 0.29 kPa
Note
Calculate the maximum distributed loads If simply supported purlins had been used, the end spans would have been HST 300/18
(2 braces) and the internal spans would have been HST 300/15 (2 braces).
WS-I* (dead) = 2.4 x 0.15 = 0.36 kN/m
WS-I* (wind) = 2.4 x 0.45 = 1.08 kN/m

23
HST tophats
introduction

A Great NEW Product


Steel & Tube HST Tophat sections are an economical,
lightweight, versatile and easy to use product for roof
purlins, wall girts, floor joists, and hundreds of other
applications such as fencing, carports, racking etc.

Generally, for spans from 3m to 7m, HST Tophat purlins


will provide an economical alternative to timber and Cee
section purlins.

Tophat purlins are easy to use, being fastened directly to


their supports, results in a saving on cleats. The symmetrical
section means no braces or nogs are required to prevent
twisting and the profile is easily lapped for optimal
performance.

Durability
HST Tophat purlins are manufactured from hot dipped
galvanised steel with a coating weight of 275gram/sqm,
in line with other common lightweight steel structural
building products.

This gives good protection in most exposed internal


environments, for and external use in moderate marine
environments. Where used in a lined exterior dwelling a
thermal break should be provided between the Tophat and
the cladding to avoid thermal bridging. Where sections are
exposed to salt spray but not rain washing, maintenance
is required to remove any build up of salt deposits on the
surface.

Run off from, or contact with, materials which are


incompatible with zinc should be avoided.

Handling and Storage


HST Tophat sections must be kept dry during storage as
water present between close stacked sections will cause
premature corrosion. If they become wet they should be
separated and stacked openly to allow for ventilation to dry
the surface.

Lengths
HST Tophat sections are available in long run lengths up
to 12 metres, depending on the available transport and
handling facilities. Stock lengths may be available from
your local stockist.

Cutting Minimum lap (between fasteners)


Cutting is preferably done by shear or hacksaw. When using = 15% of TopHat span

abrasive disc blades care must be taken to ensure the swarf


produced does not affect other materials and the burred
edge should be cleaned off at the completion of cutting.

24
HST tophats
Design capacity tables

hst tophat sectional properties



Tophat Section Thickness Area Mass per Second Moment Centre of Section Modulus Radius of Shear Torsion Warping Mono-
unit Area (Full) Gravity (Full) Gyration Centre Constant Constant Symmetry
Length Constant

t(BMT) lx ly yc zx zy rx ry ye J lw x

mm mm2 kg/m 106mm4 106mm4 mm 103mm3 103mm3 mm mm mm mm4 109mm6 mm

60 HST Tophat 0.75 BMT 0.75 150 1.18 0.078 0.119 31.7 2.45 2.20 22.8 28.1 44.2 28.2 16.05 110

60 HST Tophat 0.95 BMT 0.95 190 1.50 0.098 0.151 31.7 3.09 2.78 22.8 28.1 44.2 57.3 20.33 110

100 HST Tophat 0.75 BMT 0.75 248 1.93 0.338 0.439 55.2 6.3 5.39 37.1 42.2 67.4 46.5 238.61 158

100 HST Tophat 0.95 BMT 0.95 314 2.45 0.428 0.556 55.2 7.75 6.83 37.0 42.2 67.4 94.5 302.24 158

120 HST Tophat 0.75 BMT 0.75 278 2.17 0.527 0.519 65.6 8.03 6.13 43.7 43.3 82.3 52.1 363.31 184

120 HST Tophat 0.95 BMT 0.95 352 2.75 0.667 0.657 65.6 10.16 7.76 43.6 43.3 82.3 105.9 460.20 184

150 HST Tophat 0.95 BMT 0.95 410 3.21 1.16 0.878 81.1 14.30 9.60 53.3 46.3 103.9 123.5 758.37 225

150 HST Tophat 1.15 BMT 1.15 497 3.88 1.40 1.06 81.1 17.30 11.62 53.2 46.3 103.9 219.1 918.02 225

typical hst tophat purlin spans (mm)


Purlin Region 1 Region 2
Spacings Urban Rural Secondary Use Urban Rural Secondary Use
(mm) Simple Lapped Simple Lapped Simple Lapped Simple Lapped Simple Lapped Simple Lapped

60 HST Tophat 0.75 BMT 1200 2200 2800 2000 2600 2600 3200 2100 2700 1900 2500 2500 3200
1800 1800 2400 1700 2300 2100 2700 1800 2300 1700 2200 1900 2500

60 HST Tophat 0.95 BMT 1200 2300 3000 2200 2900 2700 3600 2300 3100 2100 2700 2700 3600
1800 2000 2700 1900 2500 2400 3100 2000 2600 1800 2400 2300 2900

100 HST Tophat 0.75 BMT 1200 3600 4600 3200 4200 3600 5400 3400 4400 3000 4000 3400 4800
1800 3200 4000 3000 3700 3800 4600 3000 3800 2800 3600 3600 4000

100 HST Tophat 0.95 BMT 1200 4000 5000 3700 4700 4300 5400 3800 4800 3600 4500 4000 5800
1800 3500 4400 3200 4100 3600 5000 3400 4200 2900 4000 3400 4800

120 HST Tophat 0.75 BMT 1200 4300 5400 4000 5000 5100 6000 4200 5200 3900 4800 4900 5800
1800 3400 4800 3000 4400 3400 5300 3200 4500 2800 4200 3200 4900

120 HST Tophat 0.95 BMT 1200 4800 6000 4400 5600 5100 6300 4600 5600 4200 5400 4800 6200
1800 4200 5200 3800 4900 5000 5800 4000 5000 3700 4600 4400 5600

150 HST Tophat 0.95 BMT 1200 5600 70000 5000 6600 5600 8000 5200 6800 4800 6400 5200 7800
1800 4600 6200 4100 5800 4600 6800 4200 6000 3900 5500 4200 6600

150 HST Tophat 1.15 BMT 1200 5100 7700 5700 7200 7000 8000 5800 7400 5200 6900 6200 8000
1800 5000 6800 4800 6300 5000 7800 5000 6500 4600 5500 5000 6800

PERFORMANCE REGION 1
REGION 2
- Auckland, Central North Island, South Island (except Marlborough & Southland).
- Northland, Wellington, Marlborough, Southland.
The Typical Spans are designed to URBAN - Any Built up area with numerous houses/buildings 3 to 5 metres high (Terrain Category 3).
RURAL - Areas with scattered obstructions, hedges, trees, buildings etc. (Terrain Category 2 1/2).
give information for preliminary SECONDARY USE - Buildings of low importance (secondary nature) where higher roof deflections are acceptable.
In areas with scattered obstructions, hedges, trees, buildings etc. (Terrain Category 2 1/2).
design and costings and are SNOW - These tables do not apply for elevations in excess of 300 metres or for Canterbury/Otago/Southland
based on the factors noted. Full above 50 metres. In these areas Snow Loads should be considered by a qualified engineer.
FASTENERS - Use 14 gauge tek screws typical.
design Load Tables are available Use 2 screws at simple ends and 4 screws at lapped supports typically, except:
for fittings to cold rolled purlins with thickness less than 2.5mm BMT, use
for specific design and Building at simple ends use 2 screws, except use 4 screws for 150 Tophats.
Consent purposes. at lapped supports use 4 screws for 60 Tophats, 6 screws for 100 Tophats,
8 screws for 120 & 150 Tophats.
OR Use strap detail.
LAP - Minimum lap between fixing is 15% of Tophat span.

25
HST tophats
Design capacity tables

uniformly distributed Load - single span


60 x 0.75 60 x 0.95 100 x 0.75 100 x 0.95 120 x 0.75
Fixings Inward Outward Defl Inward Outward Defl Inward Outward Defl Inward Outward Defl Inward Outward Defl
G300 2/12 g 2/12 g 2/12 g 2/12 g 2/14 g
G450 2/12 g / 1.2 mm 2/12 g / 1.2 mm 2/12 g / 1.5 mm 2/12 g / 1.5 mm 2/14 g / 1.5 mm
Span
2.0 2.30 1.56 0.88 3.08 2.11 1.16 4.54 3.10 3.90
2.2 1.90 1.29 0.66 2.55 1.75 0.87 3.76 2.66 2.93
2.4 1.60 1.08 0.51 2.14 1.47 0.67 3.16 2.24 2.26 4.72 2.58 3.08 3.82 2.67 3.34
2.6 1.36 0.92 0.40 1.83 1.25 0.53 2.69 1.91 1.78 4.02 2.38 2.42 3.26 2.27 2.62
2.8 1.18 0.80 0.32 1.57 1.08 0.42 2.32 1.64 1.42 3.47 2.21 1.94 2.81 1.96 2.10
3.0 1.37 0.94 0.34 2.02 1.43 1.16 3.02 2.00 1.58 2.45 1.71 1.71
3.2 1.20 0.83 0.28 1.78 1.26 0.95 2.66 1.76 1.30 2.15 1.50 1.41
3.4 1.07 0.73 0.24 1.57 1.11 0.79 2.35 1.56 1.08 1.90 1.33 1.17
3.6 0.95 0.65 0.20 1.40 0.99 0.67 2.10 1.39 0.91 1.70 1.19 0.99
3.8 1.26 0.89 0.57 1.88 1.25 0.78 1.52 1.06 0.84
4.0 1.14 0.81 0.49 1.70 1.13 0.67 1.38 0.96 0.72
4.2 1.03 0.73 0.42 1.54 1.02 0.58 1.25 0.87 0.62
4.4 0.94 0.67 0.37 1.40 0.93 0.50 1.14 0.79 0.54
4.6 0.86 0.61 0.32 1.28 0.85 0.44 1.04 0.73 0.47
4.8 0.79 0.56 0.28 1.18 0.78 0.39 0.96 0.67 0.42
5.0 0.73 0.52 0.25 1.09 0.72 0.34 0.88 0.61 0.37
5.2 1.01 0.67 0.30 0.81 0.57 0.33
5.4 0.93 0.62 0.27 0.75 0.53 0.29
5.6 0.87 0.57 0.24 0.70 0.49 0.26
5.8 0.65 0.46 0.24
6.0
6.2
6.4
6.6
6.8
7.0
7.2
7.4
7.6
7.8
8.0
8.2
8.4
8.6
8.8
9.0

Notes:
1. Material HST Tophats are rolled from galvanised high strength steel strip
Grade 500 (with Zinc Weight 275 gm/m2).
2. Loads The loads are Limit-State loads to NZS4203-1992.
Defl are serviceability loads, based on defection equal to span/150.
Outward loads must be adjusted if alternative screw fixings or 32
support member thicknesses are used.
3. Fasteners G300 option - 2.12g indicates 2 off 12 gauge tek screws and assumes
a support member minimum thickness of 3 millimetres for Grade
300 steel or a minimum embedment of 37mm into timber with T17
screws.
G450 option - 2/14g1.5mm indicates the number and gauge of
60

fixings to cold rolled (g450/500) steel and the thickness of the


support member.
Outward loads shall be adjusted to a lower value if less screws or Centroid
thinner support members are used.
4. Bracing Battens screwed transversely along the underside the purlins
will enhance the performance of the tophat purlins and are 65
recommended where supports/restraints are further apart than 30x
108
the tophat depth.

HST 60 TOPHAT

26
uniformly distributed Load - single span
120 x 0.95 150 x 0.95 150 x 1.15 150 x 1.55
Fixings Inward Outward Defl Inward Outward Defl Inward Outward Defl Inward Outward Defl
G300 2/14 g 2/14 g 2/14 g 2/12 g
G450 2/14 g / 1.5 mm 2/14 g / 1.5 mm 2/14 g / 1.5 mm 4/14 g / 1.5 mm
Span
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6 4.85 3.43 3.73
2.8 4.18 2.96 2.99
3.0 3.64 2.58 2.43
3.2 3.20 2.26 2.00
3.4 2.84 2.01 1.67
3.6 2.53 1.79 1.41 3.18 2.20 2.26
3.8 2.27 1.61 1.19 2.85 1.97 1.93 3.94 2.42 2.56
4.0 2.05 1.45 1.02 2.57 1.78 1.65 3.56 2.30 2.19 5.78 3.55 3.01
4.2 1.86 1.31 0.88 2.33 1.62 1.43 3.23 2.19 1.90 5.24 3.22 2.60
4.4 1.69 1.20 0.77 2.13 1.47 1.24 2.94 2.09 1.65 4.78 2.93 2.26
4.6 1.55 1.10 0.67 1.95 1.35 1.09 2.69 1.91 1.44 4.37 2.68 1.98
4.8 1.42 1.01 0.59 1.79 1.24 0.96 2.47 1.75 1.27 4.02 2.46 1.74
5.0 1.31 0.93 0.52 1.65 1.14 0.85 2.28 1.62 1.12 3.70 2.27 1.54
5.2 1.21 0.86 0.47 1.52 1.05 0.75 2.11 1.50 1.00 3.42 2.10 1.37
5.4 1.12 0.79 0.42 1.41 0.98 0.67 1.95 1.39 0.89 3.17 1.95 1.22
5.6 1.05 0.74 0.37 1.31 0.91 0.60 1.82 1.29 0.80 2.95 1.81 1.10
5.8 0.97 0.69 0.34 1.22 0.85 0.54 1.69 1.20 0.72 2.75 1.69 0.99
6.0 0.91 0.64 0.30 1.14 0.79 0.49 1.58 1.12 0.65 2.57 1.58 0.89
6.2 0.85 0.60 0.28 1.07 0.74 0.44 1.48 1.05 0.59 2.41 1.48 0.81
6.4 0.80 0.57 0.25 1.00 0.70 0.40 1.39 0.99 0.54 2.26 1.39 0.74
6.6 0.94 0.65 0.37 1.31 0.93 0.49 2.12 1.30 0.67
6.8 0.89 0.62 0.34 1.23 0.87 0.45 2.00 1.23 0.61
7.0 0.84 0.58 0.31 1.16 0.83 0.41 1.89 1.16 0.56
7.2 0.79 0.55 0.28 1.10 0.78 0.38 1.78 1.09 0.52
7.4 0.75 0.52 0.26 1.04 0.74 0.35 1.69 1.04 0.48
7.6 0.71 0.49 0.24 0.99 0.70 0.32 1.60 0.98 0.44
7.8 0.94 0.66 0.30 1.52 0.93 0.41
8.0 0.89 0.63 0.27 1.45 0.89 0.38
8.2 1.38 0.84 0.35
8.4 1.31 0.80 0.33
8.6 1.25 0.77 0.30
8.8
9.0

43

R3
(T
YP
2

5
3
100

R3 Centroid
45

(T
YP
)
45
10

91
163

HST 100 TOPHAT

27
HST tophats
Design capacity tables

uniformly distributed Load - lapped spans


60 x 0.75 60 x 0.95 100 x 0.75 100 x 0.95 120 x 0.75
Fixings Inward Outward Defl Inward Outward Defl Inward Outward Defl Inward Outward Defl Inward Outward Defl
G300 2/12 g 2/12 g 4/12 g 4/12 g 4/14 g
G450 4/12 g / 1.2 mm 4/12 g / 1.2 mm 4/12 g / 1.5 mm 6/12 g / 1.5 mm 6/14 g / 1.5 mm
Span
2.0 3.37 2.40 1.89 4.58 2.48 2.46 7.38 3.36 8.27
2.2 2.69 2.10 1.42 3.65 2.25 1.85 6.10 3.05 8.22
2.4 2.16 1.76 1.09 2.94 2.07 1.43 5.13 2.80 4.79 7.67 4.20 6.43 5.14 4.60 7.26
2.6 1.76 1.50 0.86 2.39 1.91 1.12 4.37 2.58 3.77 6.54 3.88 5.06 4.74 4.25 5.71
2.8 1.44 1.29 0.69 1.96 1.75 0.90 3.77 2.40 3.02 5.64 3.60 4.05 4.41 3.94 4.57
3.0 1.19 1.13 0.56 1.61 1.53 0.73 3.28 2.24 2.45 4.91 3.36 3.29 3.97 3.68 3.72
3.2 1.05 0.99 0.46 1.42 1.34 0.60 2.88 2.10 2.02 4.31 3.15 2.71 3.49 3.45 3.06
3.4 0.93 0.88 0.38 1.26 1.19 0.50 2.56 1.98 1.68 3.82 2.96 2.26 3.09 3.24 2.55
3.6 0.83 0.78 0.32 1.12 1.06 0.42 2.28 1.87 1.42 3.41 2.80 1.9 2.76 2.89 2.15
3.8 1.01 0.95 0.36 2.05 1.77 1.21 3.06 2.65 1.62 2.48 2.59 1.83
4.0 0.91 0.86 0.31 1.85 1.68 1.03 2.76 2.52 1.39 2.24 2.34 1.57
4.2 1.67 1.60 0.89 2.50 2.40 1.20 2.03 2.12 1.36
4.4 1.53 1.53 0.78 2.28 2.27 1.04 1.85 1.93 1.18
4.6 1.40 1.46 0.68 2.09 2.07 0.91 1.69 1.77 1.03
4.8 1.28 1.36 0.60 1.92 1.90 0.80 1.55 1.63 0.91
5.0 1.18 1.25 0.53 1.77 1.76 0.71 1.43 1.50 0.80
5.2 1.09 1.16 0.47 1.63 1.62 0.63 1.32 1.39 0.71
5.4 1.01 1.07 0.42 1.52 1.50 0.56 1.23 1.28 0.64
5.6 0.94 1.00 0.38 1.41 1.40 0.51 1.14 1.19 0.57
5.8 0.88 0.93 0.34 1.31 1.30 0.46 1.06 1.11 0.51
6.0 0.82 0.87 0.31 1.23 1.22 0.41 0.99 1.04 0.46
6.2 1.15 1.14 0.37 0.93 0.97 0.42
6.4 1.08 1.07 0.34 0.87 0.91 0.38
6.6 1.01 1.01 0.31 0.82 0.86 0.35
6.8 0.96 0.95 0.28 0.77 0.81 0.32
7.0 0.73 0.76 0.29
7.2 0.69 0.72 0.27
7.4
7.6
7.8
8.0
8.2
8.4
8.6
8.8
9.0
43

Notes:
1. Material HST Tophats are rolled from galvanised high strength steel strip Grade
2

500 (with Zinc Weight 275 gm/m2).


2. Loads The loads are Limit-State loads to NZS4203-1992. R3
(T
Defl are serviceability loads, based on defection equal to span/150. YP
) 5
Outward loads must be adjusted if alternative screw fixings or support
3

member thicknesses are used.


3. Fasteners G300 option - 2.12g indicates 2 off 12 gauge tek screws and assumes
120

a support member minimum thickness of 3 millimetres for Grade 300


steel or a minimum embedment of 37mm into timber with T17 screws.
G450 option - 2/14g1.5mm indicates the number and gauge of
fixings to cold rolled (g450/500) steel and the thickness of the support Centroid
65

member.
Outward loads shall be adjusted to a lower value if less screws or R3
(T
thinner support members are used. YP
)
4. Lapping Laps shall be a minimum of 15% of the span between supports,
10

measured between the lap screws.


Provide 2 screws at lap ends for 60/100 tophats and 4 screws for
120/150 tophats. 98
4. Bracing Battens screwed transversely along the underside the purlins will 170
enhance the performance of the tophat purlins and are recommended
where supports/restraints are further apart than 30x the tophat depth.
HST 120 TOPHAT

28
uniformly distributed Load - lapped spans
120 x 0.95 150 x 0.95 150 x 1.15 150 x 1.55
Fixings Inward Outward Defl Inward Outward Defl Inward Outward Defl Inward Outward Outward Defl
G300 414 g 4/14 g 6/14 g 6/12 g
G450 6/14 g / 1.5 mm 6/14 g / 1.5 mm 8/14 g / 1.5 mm 8/14 g / 1.5 mm
Span
2.0
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3.0 5.92 3.68 5.08
3.2 5.20 3.45 4.19
3.4 4.61 3.25 3.49
3.6 4.11 3.07 2.94 5.16 3.07 4.90
3.8 3.69 2.91 2.50 4.63 2.91 4.17 6.41 3.87 5.35
4.0 3.33 2.76 2.15 4.18 2.76 3.58 5.78 3.68 4.58 9.40 4.80 3.68 6.24
4.2 3.02 2.63 1.85 3.79 2.63 3.09 5.25 3.50 3.96 8.52 4.57 3.50 5.39
4.4 2.75 2.51 1.61 3.46 2.51 2.69 4.78 3.35 3.44 7.77 4.36 3.35 4.69
4.6 2.52 2.40 1.41 3.16 2.40 2.35 4.37 3.20 3.01 7.10 4.17 3.20 4.11
4.8 2.31 2.300 1.24 2.90 2.30 2.07 4.02 3.07 2.65 6.52 4.00 3.07 3.61
5.0 2.13 2.21 1.10 2.68 2.21 1.83 3.70 2.94 2.35 6.01 3.84 2.94 3.20
5.2 1.97 2.08 0.98 2.47 2.12 1.63 3.42 2.83 2.09 5.56 3.69 2.83 2.84
5.4 1.83 1.93 0.87 2.29 2.04 1.45 3.17 2.73 1.86 5.16 3.56 2.73 2.54
5.6 1.70 1.80 0.78 2.13 1.97 1.30 2.95 2.63 1.67 4.67 3.43 2.63 2.28
5.8 1.58 1.67 0.70 1.99 1.90 1.17 2.75 2.54 1.50 4.35 3.31 2.54 2.05
6.0 1.48 1.56 0.64 1.86 1.84 1.06 2.57 2.45 1.36 4.06 3.20 2.45 1.85
6.2 1.39 1.47 0.58 1.74 1.78 0.96 2.41 2.37 1.23 3.81 3.10 2.37 1.68
6.4 1.30 1.38 0.52 1.63 1.70 0.87 2.26 2.30 1.12 3.57 3.00 2.30 1.52
6.6 1.22 1.29 0.48 1.54 1.59 0.80 2.12 2.23 1.02 3.36 2.91 2.23 1.39
6.8 1.15 1.22 0.44 1.45 1.50 0.73 2.00 2.12 0.93 3.16 2.82 2.16 1.27
7.0 1.09 1.15 0.40 1.37 1.42 0.67 1.89 2.00 0.86 2.99 2.74 2.10 1.17
7.2 1.03 1.09 0.37 1.29 1.34 0.61 1.79 1.89 0.79 2.82 2.67 2.04 1.07
7.4 0.97 1.03 0.34 1.22 1.27 0.56 1.69 1.79 0.72 2.67 2.53 1.99 0.99
7.6 0.92 0.98 0.31 1.16 1.20 0.52 1.60 1.69 0.67 2.53 2.40 1.94 0.91
7.8 0.88 0.93 0.29 1.10 1.14 0.48 1.52 1.61 0.62 2.41 2.27 1.89 0.84
8.0 0.83 0.88 0.27 1.05 1.09 0.45 1.45 1.53 0.57 2.29 2.16 1.84 0.78
8.2 0.99 1.03 0.42 1.38 1.46 0.53 2.18 2.06 1.80 0.72
8.4 0.95 0.98 0.39 1.31 1.39 0.49 2.07 1.96 1.75 0.67
8.6 0.90 0.94 0.36 1.25 1.32 0.46 1.98 1.87 1.71 0.63
8.8 1.20 1.25 0.43 1.89 1.79 1.67 0.59
9.0 1.14 1.21 0.40 1.81 1.71 1.64 0.55
43

R3
(T
2

YP
)
5
3

150
100

Centroid

R3
(T
YP
)
10

110
183
HST 150 TOPHAT

29
roof selector
worked Example - single span purlins

Terrain Categories Exposed Open

Rural 2
Sheltered Rural
Urban

City

Wind Regions
D
IN 1 Central North Island
W
W

Internal
LO

Auckland / South Island


4000 Southern North Island

D
9 9 IN
W Wellington / Far South
M

Northland
IU
ED

3500 7 7
M

Northland
IND Kaitaia
G HW 9 Whangarei
3 HI Multispan 0.55
Maximum Cladding Span

3000
(High Rib)
8
WIND 7 ST900 0.55 Morrinsville
IGH (Medium Rib) Auckland
2500 YH Tauranga
4 6 VER Auckland Rotorua
Huntly
6ST900 0.40 (Medium Rib) Hamilton Central NI
Gisborne
2000 4 Plumbdek / Trimline / Trimform 0.55 (Low Rib) New Plymouth Taupo
8 Ohakune Napier
Multispan 0.40 (High Rib) Waiouru Waipawa
1500
2 3 5 2
3 4 Wanganui
Waipukurau
3 Plumbdek / Trimline / Trimform 0.40 (Low Rib) Nelson Southern NI
Blenheim Palmerston North
1 1 2 Custom ORB 0.55 Westport Upper Hutt
1000 South Island Wellington
900 1 Hokitika Wellington
Custom ORB 0.40 Kaikoura
Haast Hanmer Springs
Culverden
15000
Twizel Christchurch
Milford Sound Methven Specific Design
Timaru
14000 Cromwell Required
Alexandra
Consult
6 Dunedin
Engineer
13000 Far South
Invercargill
ns
12000 pu rli Example for Single Span Purlins
40 HST
0/
20 The following roof selector graphs are intended to provide preliminary sizing information
(3 and are not intended to be used for final building design or Building Consent purposes.
11000 br
i)
40
0/2 The following example determines a proposed roofing option for a building near Hamilton
0
on open farmland with little shelter from trees or other buildings. The building is 7.5 metres
10000 high to the apex and it is intended to use portal frames with 9 metre bays. The example
40
0/2 assume slow profile cladding (eg. Trimline). Options for different cladding types or purlin
0 spacings may be determined in the same manner.
9000 7 350 Method:
/18 Wind Zone Selector
Maximum Purlin Span

1. Select Region eg. Central North Island


8000 300
/18 2. Select the type of Terrain
Exposed Open terrain with few or no obstructions.
300 Rural open terrain with few scattered obstructions such as grassland, airfields,
/15
7000 riverflats, lakes or sea.
250
/18 Sheltered Rural areas with some sheltering from trees and adjacent buildings.
250 Urban industrial and residential suburbs with numerous closely spaced
/15
6000 200 obstructions the size of domestic houses.
/18 City terrain with numerous large, high (10m to 30m high) and closely spaced
200
/15 obstructions such as large city centres and well developed industrial complexes.
hat
5000 3. Trace a line from this intersection point equidistant between the Wind Zone lines down
200
/12 top lins to the Cladding Selector
150/1
5 Pur Cladding Selector
4000 4. Select Cladding Type eg. 0.4BMT Trimline
150/ 150 x 1
12 .95 5. The maximum purlin spacing for this sheeting is 1600mm.
150 x 1.1 Note purlin spacings at sheet ends should be reduced by 20% eg. 1280mm.
5 6. Trace a line down from this intersection to the Purlin Selector.
3000 100/19 150 x 0
.95 Purlin Selector
120 x 0.9
100/15 5 7. Select Support Rafter Spacings eg. 9 metres.
100/10 100 x 0.9 8. The intersection of lines indicates that the purlins should be 300/18HST purlins with
2000 5
100 x 0.75 one row of bridging.
60 x 0.95 Solution:
60 x 0.75 Use 0.4BMT Trimline on 300/18HST purlins at 1.6m centres.
1000
With 1 row of bridging; And 1.28m max. spacings at sheet ends.

Refer to the Roof Selector sheets for general notes.

30
roof selector
single span purlins

Terrain Categories Exposed Open

Rural
Sheltered Rural
Urban

City

Wind Regions

D
IN
Central North Island

W
W
Internal
LO
Auckland / South Island
4000 Southern North Island

D
IN
9 9

W
Wellington / Far South

M
Northland
IU
ED
3500 7 7
M

Northland
IND Kaitaia
G HW 9 Whangarei
HI Multispan 0.55
Maximum Cladding Span

3000
(High Rib)
8
WIND 7 ST900 0.55 Morrinsville
IGH (Medium Rib) Auckland
2500 YH Tauranga
4 6 VER Auckland Rotorua
Huntly
6ST900 0.40 (Medium Rib) Hamilton Central NI
Gisborne
2000 4 Plumbdek / Trimline / Trimform 0.55 (Low Rib) New Plymouth Taupo
8 Ohakune Napier
Multispan 0.40 (High Rib) Waiouru Waipawa
2 3 3 Wanganui
1500 2 Waipukurau
3 Plumbdek / Trimline / Trimform 0.40 (Low Rib) Nelson Southern NI
Blenheim Palmerston North
1 1 2 Custom ORB 0.55 Westport Upper Hutt
1000 South Island Wellington
900 1 Hokitika Wellington
Custom ORB 0.40 Kaikoura
Haast Hanmer Springs
Culverden
15000
Twizel Christchurch
Milford Sound Methven Specific Design
Timaru
14000 Cromwell Required
Alexandra
Dunedin Consult
Engineer
13000 Far South
Invercargill
ns
12000 pu rli
Notes
40 HST
0/ 1. This purlin selector chart is designed to be a quick reference guide only. Full design
20
(3 load tables are available for design and Building Consent purposes.
11000 br
i) 2. HST purlins require 1 row of bracing typical except provide 2 rows where shaded.
40
0/2 Laps shall be a minimum of 10% of purlin span.
0
3. Reduce purlin spacings by 20% at sheet ends.
10000 4. Refer to Steel & Tube product data sheets for installation information and max
40
0/2 cladding end spans. For high wind and greater 0.4 BMT cladding shall be fixed at
0 every rib throughout.
9000 5. Roof traffic shall be along purlin lines and in sheeting pans. Purlin spans should be
350 reduced where heavy roof traffic is expected, refer to Steel & Tube or use 0.55 BMT
/18
material at 0.4 BMT nominated spans.
Maximum Purlin Span

300 6. Snow loads - consult a qualified design engineer for buildings situated above the
8000 /18 following elevations:
300 - Central and Lower North Island above 600 metres.
/15 - West Coast and Marlborough above 450 metres.
7000
250 - Canterbury above 200 metres.
/18
- Otago and Southland above 300 metres.
250
/15 7. Habitable buildings, ceilings or sprinkers - consult a qualified design engineer for
6000 200
/18 the consideration of the additional loads.
200 8. This design chart is based on NZS4203:1992 wind loads with:
/15
- Maximum apex height = 7.5 metres
hat
5000 - Eaves height / Building width < 0.6
200
/12 top lins - Even distribution of openings Cpi = + 0.3 (no dominant openings)
150/1
5 Pur - A local pressure allowance has been included over half purlin length
4000 9. Tophat spans may be limited by fixings. This chart assumes the following fixings
150/ 150 x 1
12 .95 at each internal support:
150 x 1.1
5
3000 100/19 150 x 0 TopHat Timber & Hot Cold Formed
.95
120 x 0.9 Rolled Steel Steel (t>1.5)
100/15 5
100/10 100 x 0.9 60 2 x 12 g 2 x 12 g
2000 5
100 x 0.75
100 2 x 14 g 2 x 14 g
60 x 0.95
60 x 0.75 120 / 150 2 x 14 g 4 x 14 g
1000

For all other cases and if the requried fixings can not be achieved consult a qualified
design engineer for alternative strap hold down.

31
roof selector
Continuous span purlins

Terrain Categories Exposed Open

Rural
Sheltered Rural
Urban

City

Wind Regions
D
IN Central North Island
W
W

Internal
LO

Auckland / South Island


Southern North Island

D
9 9 IN
W Wellington / Far South
M
4000 Northland
IU
ED

7 7
M

Northland
3500 IND Kaitaia
G HW 9 Whangarei
HI Multispan 0.55
Maximum Cladding Span

(High Rib)
3000
8
WIND 7 ST900 0.55 Morrinsville
IGH (Medium Rib) Auckland
YH Tauranga
4 6 VER Auckland Rotorua
Huntly
2500 Central NI
6ST900 0.40 (Medium Rib) Hamilton
Gisborne
4 Plumbdek / Trimline / Trimform 0.55 (Low Rib) New Plymouth Taupo
8 Ohakune Napier
2000 Multispan 0.40 (High Rib) Waiouru Waipawa
2 3 3 Wanganui
2 Waipukurau
3 Plumbdek / Trimline / Trimform 0.40 (Low Rib) Nelson Southern NI
1500 Blenheim Palmerston North
1 1 2 Custom ORB 0.55 Westport Upper Hutt
South Island Wellington
1 Hokitika Wellington
1000 Custom ORB 0.40 Kaikoura
Haast Hanmer Springs
900 Culverden
Twizel Christchurch
Methven Specific Design
16000 Milford Sound Timaru
Cromwell Required
Alexandra
15000 Dunedin Consult
Engineer
Far South
Invercargill
14000 li ns
pur
HST Notes
13000 1. This purlin selector chart is designed to be a quick reference guide only. Full design
40 load tables are available for design and Building Consent purposes.
0/
20
(3 2. HST purlins require 1 row of bracing typical except provide 2 rows where shaded.
40 br
0/2 i) Laps shall be a minimum of 10% of purlin span.
12000 0 3. Reduce purlin spacings by 20% at sheet ends.
4. Refer to Steel & Tube product data sheets for installation information and max
cladding end spans. For high wind and greater 0.4 BMT cladding shall be fixed at
11000 400
/20 every rib throughout.
5. Roof traffic shall be along purlin lines and in sheeting pans. Purlin spans should be
reduced where heavy roof traffic is expected, refer to Steel & Tube or use 0.55 BMT
10000 350
material at 0.4 BMT nominated spans.
Maximum Purlin Span

/18
6. Snow loads - consult a qualified design engineer for buildings situated above the
300 following elevations:
/18
9000 - Central and Lower North Island above 600 metres.
30 - West Coast and Marlborough above 450 metres.
0/1
5 - Canterbury above 200 metres.
8000 250 - Otago and Southland above 300 metres.
/18
7. Habitable buildings, ceilings or sprinkers - consult a qualified design engineer for
250
/15
the consideration of the additional loads.
7000 200 8. This design chart is based on NZS4203:1992 wind loads with:
/18
- Maximum apex height = 7.5 metres
200
/15 - Eaves height / Building width < 0.6
6000 hat - Even distribution of openings Cpi = + 0.3 (no dominant openings)
200
/12 top lins - A local pressure allowance has been included over half purlin length
150/ Pur 9. Tophat spans may be limited by fixings. This chart assumes the following fixings
1 5 150 x 1 at each internal support:
5000 .55
150/ 150 x 1
12 .15
TopHat Timber & Hot Cold Formed
150 x
0.95 Rolled Steel Steel (t>1.5)
4000 120 x 0.9
5 60 4 / 12 g 6 / 12 g
100 x 0.95
100 / 120 / 150 6 / 14 g 8 / 12 g
3000 100 x 0
.75
60 x 0.95
For all other cases and if the required fixings can not be achieved consult a qualified
2000 60 x 0.75 design engineer for alternative strap hold down.

32
FLOOR JOIST SPANS

HST TOPHATS & HST PURLINS - FLOOR JOIST SPANS


Single Span Double Span

Spacing Spacing
400 450 600 400 450 600

HST Tophats

60 x 0.75 1.05 1.00 0.95 1.25 1.20 1.10

60 x 0.95 1.15 1.10 1.05 1.35 1.30 1.20

100 x 0.75 1.80 1.70 1.60 2.10 2.00 1.90

100 x 0.95 2.00 1.90 1.80 2.40 2.20 2.00

120 x 0.75 2.20 2.10 1.90 2.50 2.40 2.10

120 x 0.95 2.40 2.30 2.10 2.90 2.70 2.40

150 x 0.95 2.90 2.80 2.50 3.50 3.30 2.80

150 x 1.15 3.20 3.00 2.70 3.90 3.60 3.20

150 x 1.55 3.60 3.40 3.00 4.30 4.10 3.60

HST Purlins

100/19 2.30 2.20 2.10 2.80 2.60 2.40

150/12 3.10 2.90 2.70 3.80 3.50 3.10

150/15 3.40 3.20 2.90 4.10 3.80 3.40

150/18 3.60 3.40 3.10 4.30 4.00 3.50

200/12 4.10 3.90 3.60 5.00 4.70 4.10

200/15 4.70 4.30 3.90 5.40 5.20 4.50

200/18 5.10 4.70 4.20 5.80 5.60 4.80

250/13 5.50 5.10 4.50 6.00 5.60 4.90

250/15 5.80 5.40 4.80 6.50 6.20 5.40

250/18 6.20 5.80 5.10 6.90 6.80 6.00

300/15 7.00 6.70 5.80 7.60 7.20 6.30

300/18 7.40 7.30 6.30 8.20 8.00 7.10

350/18 8.40 8.20 7.10 9.20 8.90 7.70

400/20 9.70 9.50 8.40 10.50 10.10 8.80

Notes:
1. Loads Spans are in metres and are based on controlling floor vibrations.
The above spans are suitable for applied live loads of 5 kPa.
2. Durability HST purlins and tophats have a zinc weight of 275 gm/m2 and are suitable for use
in an internal environment.
Durability requirements should be checked for use elsewhere including subfloors.
3. Bracing For increased performance where ceilings are not installed, we recommend providing a transverse brace
(eg. ceiling batten - CB20 or similar, to the underside of the floor joists at 3 metre centres typical.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
s SPEED CHANNEL SYSTEM:
The Speed Channel bracing technology is based on intellectual property of Dimond, a division of Fletcher Steel Limited, and is
used for the HST purlin and girt system under license from Dimond, a division of Fletcher Steel limited.
s Sinclair Knight Merz have assisted in the development of the HST Channel Purlin System and production of the design manual.
s HST Tophat Purlin Tables, charts and floor joint charts have been prepared by Harris Consulting Ltd

DISCLAIMER
This publication is intended to provide accurate information to the best of our knowledge in regard to HST Purlins and Girts. It does not constitute a complete description of the goods or an express statement
about their suitability for any particular purpose. It is only intended as a general guide and not as a substitute for professional technical advice.
NORTH ISLAND
AUCKLAND
10 Bowden Road,
PO Box 62 213, Mt Wellington, Auckland 1641
Phone 09-573 0556, Fax 09-573 5571
Mobile 025-961 677
0800 FOR HST (0800 367 478)
EXPORT
68 Stonedon Drive, East Tamaki
PO Box 14344, Panmure, Auckland 1741
Phone 09-273 7625, Fax 09-273 1483

WHANGAREI
Cnr Hewlett Street & Fraser Crescent,
PO Box 1570, Whangarei 0140
Phone 09-438 3999, Fax 09-438 3990

NORTH HARBOUR
5 Ride Way, PO Box 14 344, Panmure, Auckland 1741
Phone 09-415 3490 Fax 09-415 3405

HAMILTON
40 Northway St, Te Rapa, PO Box 10064, Hamilton 3241
Phone 07-850 7640, Fax 07-849 7407

MT MAUNGANUI
26C Jean Batten Drive,
PO Box 4109, Mt Maunganui Sth, Tauranga 3149
Phone 07-572 7065, Fax 07-575 9674

ROTORUA
Cnr View Road & Hyland Crescent,
PO Box 882, Rotorua 3040
Phone 07-348 0449, Fax 07-348 0442

NEW PLYMOUTH
Centennial Drive, PO Box 559, New Plymouth 4340
Phone 06-751 0340, Fax 06-751 1762

GISBORNE
GISBORNE INDUSTRIAL SUPPLIES
Parkinson Street, PO Box 1310, Gisborne 4040
Phone 06-868 9558, Fax 06-868 8704

NAPIER
15 Ford Road, PO Box 3061, Onekawa, Napier 4142
Phone 06-843 9196, Fax 06-843 2224

PALMERSTON NORTH
31 Malden Street, PO Box 1429, Palmerson North 4440
Phone 06-356 5252, Fax 06-356 5247

PETONE
Hautonga Street, Petone, PO Box 38 195, Lower Hutt 5045
Phone 04-568 5109, Fax 04-568 8308

SOUTH ISLAND
NELSON
Cnr Graham & Carkeek Streets, Port Nelson,
PO Box 544, Nelson 7040
Phone 03-548 2209, Fax 03-548 0626

CHRISTCHURCH
375-399 Blenheim Road,
PO Box 11231, Sockburn, Christchurch 8443
Phone 03-343 7999, Fax 03-348 4167
STEWART STEEL
85 Falsgrove Street, PO Box 1377, Christchurch 8140
Phone 03-365 0079, Fax 03-365 7576

TIMARU
9 Meadows Road, PO Box 2118, Washdyke, Timaru 7941
Phone 03-688 2085, Fax 03-688 2084

DUNEDIN
Cnr Willis & Tewsley Streets, PO Box 1405, Dunedin 9054
Phone 03-477 9655, Fax 03-477 9646

INVERCARGILL
292 Bond Street, PO Box 1009, Invercargill 9840
Phone 03-218 2803, Fax 03-218 9131

STEEL & TUBE ROOFING PRODUCTS


0 8 0 0 FOR H S T
68 Stonedon Drive, East Tamaki 0800 367 478
PO Box 259 019, Greenmount, Manukau 2141
Phone 0800-333 247
A DIV ISION OF ST E E L & T UBE HOL DIN GS LT D