Minimum Curvature Wel lPaths

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2269_MinimumCurvatureWellPaths

Minimum Curvature Wel lPaths

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You are on page 1of 33

Kevin Gerlitz, 2004

The Problem

HRS uses the Tangential Method of applying dip and azimuth angles in deviated geometry surveys.

While this is a valid method, it is also a simplistic method that assumes straight-line segments with

constant angles along the well trajectory. Realistically, well paths are curved as the target well-bore

trajectory is built up. The method of applying a minimum curvature to the well path takes into account

the gradation of the angles in three dimensions along the well-bore trajectory and, hence, is a better

approximation.

The Solution

This PPT illustrates a method of creating the well path using the minimum-curvature method. By using

the Log Maths functionality in eLog, minimum curvature-equivalence angles can be derived from the

recorded dip-azimuth deviation survey. Exporting these new deviation logs to a file and then importing

the logs as the new deviated geometry will produce the same well-bore trajectory as a minimum

curvature approach.

Description of Methods

The Tangential Method

The Tangential Method uses simple trigonometry to derive

the displacements and assumes that the dip angle is held

constant over the section:

TVD = MD cos I1

N = MD sin I1 cos A1

E = MD sin I1 sin A1

The Minimum Curvature Method effectively fits a spherical

arc between points by calculating the dog-leg (DL)

curvature from the 3D vectors and scaling by a Ratio Factor

(RF).

DL = acos( cos(I2 I1) sinI1 sinI2 ( 11-cos(A

cos(A2-A

A1) ) )

RF = 2 tan( DL / 2) / DL

TVD = MD ( cos I1 + cos I2 ) RF

N = MD ( sin I1 cos A1 + sin I2 cos A2 ) RF

E = MD (sin I1 sin A1 + sin I2 sin A2 ) RF

Creating the Minimum Curvature Equivalence Angles

Given the equations for the two different methods for the calculating the TVD, we see that simply

converting the dip angle, I, to the scaled and averaged angle (a minimum curvature equivalence

angle as I call it) , , is a simple substitution:

TVD = MD cos = MD ( cos I1 + cos I2 ) RF

cos = ( cos I1 + cos I2 ) RF

= acos(( ( cos I1 + cos I2 ) RF )

For the horizontal displacements, the equations are non-linear and we have to make an

approximation. Since we have already found the substitution of incorporates the term of RF,

we can approximate the minimum curvature equivalence azimuth angle, , as a simple linear

average:

N = MD sin cos = MD ( sin I1 cos A1 + sin I2 cos A2 ) RF

E = MD sin sin = MD ( sin I1 sin A1 + sin I2 sin A2 ) RF

sin ~ ( sin A1 + sin A2 )

~ ( A 1 + A2 )

Other Methods

The Balanced Tangential Method

TVD = MD ( cos I1 + cos I2 )

N = MD ( sin I1 cos A1 + sin I2 cos A2 )

E = MD ( sin I1 sin A1 + sin I2 sin A2 )

TVD = MD cos ( I1 + I2 )

N = MD sin (I1 + I2 ) cos ( A1 + A2 )

E = MD sin (I1 + I2 ) sin (A1 + A2)

The Radius

i off Curvature

C Method

Rv = 180 MD / ( (I2 - I1 ) )

TVD = Rv ( sin I2 sin I1 )

H = Rv ( cos I1 cos I2 )

Rh = 180 MD / ( ( A2 - A1 ) )

N = Rh ( sin A2 sin A1 )

E = Rh ( sin A1 sin A2 )

Implementing the Minimum Curvature Method in HRS

In order to implement the minimum curvature method, you need a well with some logs in your Geoview

database

database.

You then need to read in your deviation survey as a set of logs.

! Do not read this in as Deviated Geometry file.

Fill in the file reading parameters correctly for your ASCII file

When you set the log types, do not set them to Dip and Azimuth since this will automatically create and

apply the deviated geometry. Instead, provide a customized log type name such as Inclination and

Direction (just type it in) and set the log amplitude units to degrees.

Here is the result of reading in the Dip and Azimuth logs.

In the Well Explorer page, you can edit the names of the logs. To make things easier in the process,

edit the log names to Az (for the Azimuth log) and Inc (for the Deviation log). Do not forget to click

on the Update button to save these edits.

Open an eLog project and select the Log Maths option

Choose your input wells and output wells.

Inc and Az logs for the calculation. Choose the

Inclination log type as your output log.

It is important to Use the original domain values and do not resample at this point.

This process will create an output log called Inclination_math

i.e., Inc and Az if not, edit them here. Or

youll have to debug the script yourself

Heres the script for calculating the

new dip angle. Save the embedded

file below to your system and load it

into the Log Maths script loading

page. Its an ASCII text file so you

may want to open it in Notepad or a

simple text editor if you want to

look at it.

minCurveDip.prs

Heres a graphic of the

full script, if you care to

readd iit.

Here is the new Inclination log in blue overlaid on the original log in red. There should be only subtle

differences.

Now apply the Log Maths function again to correct the Azimuth. You will need both the Inc and the Az

logs. Use the original Inclination log not the newly created one. Make sure that your log type is set to

the Direction log type.

Again, it is important to Use the original domain values and do not resample.

Heres the embedded log maths

script for the azimuth angle

correction. Save it to your disk

and load it as with the previous

script.

PRS File

This is what the script for the azimuth angle correction looks like.

You should now have two new curves to compare with the original dip and azimuth logs.

Now we need to resample the new logs to a finer sample rate. We can use Log Maths to accomplish this.

We need to do this one log at a time. Make sure you select the new logs

Rather than cluttering the well database with multiple logs, select the original log name in order to

overwrite it

The most important part in this process is to select to Resample domain values at a finer uniform

sample rate

In this case, the script is easy. We just need the output to be the same as the input. Because we selected

the resampling option on the previous page, the only difference will be the sample interval.

Do the same process for the new azimuth angle log.

Exportt the

E th newly

l resampled

l d andd corrected

t d dip

di andd azimuth

i th logs

l

to a file.

In the Well Explorer window, import the file as a Deviated Geometry file

Make sure you read it in correctly by filling in the parameters appropriately

You can check the process by displaying both the TVD and the MD simultaneously along the vertical

axes.

Or in the Table View of the Well Explorer window by selecting the Show both MD and TVD

option.

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