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, CONFIDENTIAL

'ffi
I]NIVERSITI TIJN HUSSEIN OITN MALAYSIA

FINAL EXAMINATION
SEMESTER II
sEsr 201212013

COURSENAME BUILDING SERVICES N

COURSE CODE BFB 4073 / BFB 40703

PROGRAMME 4 BFF

EXAMINATION DATE JttNE 2013

DURATION 3 HOURS

INSTRUCTION ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS

THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TEN (IO) PACES

CONFIDENTIAL
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Ql (4, Define briefly:

D souno ptessllle
iD sound wavelength
(4 madG)

O) Differntiate btwen direct sound path and .eflectd sound Dalh.


(6 narks)

(c) Pleas illusFate sound wave at various velocities.


(4 ma*s)

(d) Philharmonic Hall consist ofthre soud sources, which arc ftom piano, violin
and guitar. The total sound level for these thrce insfuments is l20dB. When
the sound fiom piano is hrned off, the total sound level is I l7dB. Violin and
guitar contribute the same amount ofsound level, Analys the estimatd
sound
level if violin is turded off while piano and guilar ar tumed en2 q"1",
appendix.
(6 msrks)

(e) Two recording studios in RTM Johor have a different level of.evrberation
time. The reading for studio A is 0.2s and for studio B is 2.0s. ple3se propos
solutions for both studios to achieve I .0s fo. their reverberation time.
(5 ma*s)

Q2 (a) Noise is an undesirEd sound or also known as a pollutant to th rcciver.


Its
physical and emotional efects are dilficult to define quantitatively but the
noise level itslf carl be measured. It may consist of a single pure tone
but in
most cases contains many tones at different fiequencies and intensities.
List
four (4) b6sic principles ofnoise control.
(4 ma*s)

O) 'Anechoic chambers, are commonly usd in acoustics to conduct


experiments.
Please provide funher explanarion on this tem.

(4 msrks)

(c) Mr. Raja is plaining to develop a rEcording studio and wo.kshop unde.
one
roof The workshop is fully equipped with all the machines and tools beside
his
prcmise. He is very ken in appointing you as the Ac_oustic
Consultant
Enginer to design the studio. Demonstrate and illustrate to
him all th
characigrs of building and acoustic system that he needs to
consider in order
fo. him to get a good acoustic studio.
(6 ma*s)
BrB.{173/BIB{)71):t

(d) Diffrntiatc btwen airtome noise and structure.bome noise.


(4 marks)

(e) Briefly explain tlro (2) stEps to conhol an open sp6c sound inte.ruption.
(4 marks)

(0 Sound can b conholled to keep pleasure and harmonic condition. you are
required to demonstrate and illustrate how a hall such as philharmonic Hall in
KLCC can apply the acoustical concpt.
(3 ma*s)

Q3 (a) You are appointed by a client to design 6 lighting system for an offic block in
Damarsom Damai. Propose and explain four (4) key strategies fo. nergy"
efficient lighting system.
(12 marks)

(b) What is a definition ofdaylight?


( I mark)

(c) Large glazed areas may provide suflicint day lighting at som distance inro
the building. Howevet it does have some disadvantages. Explain thrce (3)
disadvantages of using large windows fo. offic buildings.
(9 marks)

(d) What arc the strategies that can be done in improving the amount of light
available, which come from a window?
(3 marks)

Q4 (a) A client rquires advics in slecting two diffrent lamp typeg eilher fluoresent
or incandescent light bulb to b used in hivher buitding. ptease provide your
slggestion and explanation on your suggestions, including its advafiages and
disadvantages.
(10 ma.ks)
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(b) The dimension ofthe drawing office is l7m x l2m and 3.5m high. This office
has a white ciling and light bfown coloured walls, The working plane is
0.75m above the floor. New Streamlite double fluorescent lamp lumina.ies a.e
selected to be used in this case. The assunption made for mainisnanc factor is
0.9. As an appointed enginoer, pleas caloulate the numbr of luminaries
needed and determine the electrical consumption of the lighting system. The
value for electric cunent for each luminaire is 100W. ln addition, please
estimate the maximum distanc between luminaries if the spacing to height
ratio (SHR) is 1.5. Refer appendix.
( I5 ma*s)

-END OF QUESTTON-
BFB,O73/BFB,IO7O3

Sl (a) Definasik n secsra ringkas:

i) tekanan bunyi
ii) gclombang buyi
(4 markah)

(b) Tenngkan p.bzaan di antara "direct sound path" dan ',rcflected soud path',.
(6 ma*ah)

(c) Lal@*an gelombang bunyi pada kelajuan yang berbeza?


(4 ma*ah)

(d) Dewan Filharmonik mengandungitiga suftber bunyiyang dihasilkan daripada


piano, violi4 dan gitar srta menghasilk n jumlah intensiti bunl sebanyak
l20dB. Apabila bunyi yang dihosilkan oleh piano dimatikan, jumlah intensiti
bunyi bertuka. menjadi ll7dB. Intensiti bunyi b.gi violin dan girar adalah
sama jumlahnya anrara satu sama lain. Analisa aggaran intcnsiti bunyi ketika
violin dimatikan manak la piano dan girar dihidupkan?
(6 narkah)

(e) Dua bilik rakaman di RTM Johor mempunyai bacaan .teverberation time"
yary berbezs- Bilik A mencatatkim bacaan o.2saat dan bilik B 2.0sa6t.
SaranlGn cara agar keduadua bilik berkenaan mendapat bacaan l.osaat bagi
bacaao "reveabq-ation time" atau dikenali sebagai masa gerna.
(5 ina*ah)

(a) Bunyi bising merupakan bunyi yang tidak dikehendaki d8n boleh dikatakan
sbagai pncemaran bunyi kepada pendengar. la juga sukar diuku. scara
kuantitatif akan sifat fzikal atau kesan emosi tebpi jumlah bunyi bising
tersebut dapat diukur. Ia boleh mengandungi I ton atau banyak dengan berbeza
iiekuensi dtn intensity. Snaraikan eEpet (4) prinsip asas pengawalan bunyi
(4 ma*8h)

(b) "Anechoio chambrs" selalu digunakan bagi menjalankan ujian akustik,


Terangkan akan keadaan ini.
(4 rnarkah)

(c) Mr. Raja tclah membuat pilihan untuk membangunkrn studio rakaman dan
sebuah bengkel. Bengkel teFebut b.sebelahan dengan studio mkarnan dan
dipenuhi dengan mesin dan alatan. Dia berbesar hari untuk melartik anda
sbagai juruteE perunding dalam bidang akustik untuk merkabentuK
bangunan-bangunan tersbut. Berikan gamba.an dan ciri-ciri akustik yang
perlu ada dalam mendapatkan prestasi bangunan yang terbaik.
BFB4O73/BFB.O7OJ

(6 ma.kah)

(d) Nyatakan perbezaan di antara "airbome noise" dan "slrucfure-bome noise".


(4 markah)

(e) Terangkar scaB ringkas du. (2) cjt"a mengalasi gangguan yang disebabkat
oleh ruang terbuka.
(4 markah)

(f) Bunyi boleh dikawal bagi mengekalkan keharmonian di sesuatu tempat. Anda
dikehendaki menggaftbarkan bagaimana dewan seperti Filharmonik di KLCC
dapat mengsplikasikan konsep akustik.
(3 ma*ah)

s3 (a) Anda dilantik oleh pihak klien untuk merek bentuk system pencahayaan bagi
sebuah ruang pejab@t di Damansara Damai, Cadang dan terangkar enpat (4)
stratgi utama dalam mncapai pencahayaan menggunakan tenaga secaB
efisyn.
( l2 markah)

(b) Apakah definasi bagi "daylight"?


(1 ma.kah)

(c., Permukaan berkaca yang luas mungkin dapat menbekalkan cahaya ke dalan
bangunan. Waleu bagaimanapun, ia juga mempunyai bebemps kelemahan.
Terangkan tigr (3) kelemahan menggunakan crmin yang besar bagi sesebuah
bangunan pejabat.
(9 markah)

(d) Bagaimanakal anda boleh rneningkatkan jumlah cahaya yang masuk melalui
tingkap ke dalam bangunan?
(3 markah)

v (a) Seorang klien merninta nasihat anda dalam membuat pernilihan di antara dua
jenis lampu, iaitu jenis "fluorcscnt" atau "incndescnt light bulb" untuk
diguakan dalan bangunan beliau. Berikan cadangan dan penerangan bagi
pemilihan tersebut bersama kebaikan dan kebuukan bagi jenis lampu yang
dipilih.
(10 markah)

b) Sbuah pejabat lukisan bersaiz l7m x l2m dan tinggi sebanyak 3.5n
mempunyai siling berwarna putih dan dinding yang dicat dengan wama perang
cair. Kawasan kerja adalah 0.75m dari aras lantai. Mentol jenis "SEarnlite
double fluorescent" yang baru telah dipilih untuk digunakan dalam kes ini.
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Andaian yang dibuat bagi factor penyclenggaraan ialah 0.9. Scbagai seorang
jurutera ydng dilantilq kirs jumlah pencahayaal yang diperlukan dan jumlah
tenaga elektrik yang digunakan,Nilai arus elekaik bagi setiap mentol ialah
100W. Kemudiar! anggarkan jarak malsimum di antan mentol jika nisbah
jar&k k tinggi (SHR) ialah 1.5.
(15 lnalkah)

-SOALAI\I TAMAT-
BFB{7!/BFB4O7II}

APPEN'DIX

FINAL DL{UINATION

SEMESTER/SESSION: SEMESTER I 201212013 PROGRAMME : 4 BFF


COURSE : BUILDING SERVICE II SUBJECT CODE: BFB4073 / BFB 40703

Addirional of Sound Table and Background Nois Correction

E "'t
5. \
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a
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2315a?a
ctltt .-G. l-n r--6 iwo L-v.r. (<lat

Background Noise Correction


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6- A
i: 5
BFn
ol
Ed 0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 I 9 10
DilErencs Beivefi Totd Ndss Lvel atd Bactorcr'd Ndse
BFB4OTJ / BFB4O7O3

APPENDX

FINAL EXAMINATION

SEMESTER,/SESSION: SEMESTER I 2OI2'OI3 PROGRAMME :4BFF


COURSE : BUILDINC SERVICE II SUBJECT CODE : BFMO73 / BFB 40703

Additional of Reverberation Time Table

Room voluh (tt3 x rooo)


22
2.O

la

t.2
e lo
o.8
&
o.6

4.O 6.0 tO 20 200 250


RmD vorume (mr x roo)

Typical value of illuminance

-!pli.atioD Illnhipalr.e lltrr)


Eaergcncy Lightiag 0.2
Suburbin strc ct liEhtirg 5
DFcliag 50 - 150
Corridors 100
Gracral oEcee 400
Dra*iog oEcc 600
Prolongcd t .k with 6mall detail 900
BFB4073 / BF840703

APPEIIDIX

FINAL EXAMINAfiON

SEMESTER/SESSION: SEMESTER I 20122013 PROGRAMME : 4 BFF


COURSE : BUILDING SERVICE ll SUBJECT CODE: BFB4073 / BFB 40703

Luminance factoas for painted surfaces

Lumiratce fadors br painted surbces


gurtacar typtcirt Colotr Lun{nrtFt
Fac{oa5
Cei[rE \^rl*le, Cream 70 - 80
Cfing Skyeue 50_60
CeilirE Ligm8rown 2O_3O
UAlh LEm$dE 50-60
\ dls oark crey 20 _{
ha||s Blaci( 10
Floor 10

Utilizatio. factors for a bar fluorescent tube fitting with two 5t W 1500 mm lamDs (%)

Roohhd.r
Ccilrs W.ll 0.75 1.00 t25 t.5 2.OO 2.50 300 4.00 5.00
10 50 48 53 59 a4 1l ?5 79 63 EO
m 30 40 46 5l 5't 6 69 13 7E a2
70 t0 35 40 46 5t 59 646a74 .IE
50 50 43 4a 52 5't 63 67 70 71 't6
50 30 nll 5t 57 62 65 70
50 t0 42 46 53 56 61 6'l 7)
30 50 39 12 46 50 55 59 6t 65 61
30 30 31 t7 a2 16 5l 55 5A 62 65
30 l0 30 33 36 12 4A 52 55 59 62

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