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Mooring Analysis 6 Points for Mooring Lines Condition 1

*) Note : Gas Carrier 25000 DWT


- x = Longitudinal
Fy 180o 0o
Fy
- y = Transversal FORCE
My ANGLE
Fx 90o
Fx ()
Berthing Face 1
4

2
y1 y2 M5 M6 y3 y4
3
M1
M2 M3
M4
x1 = 0
x2
x3
x4
x5
x6 Mooring Configuration Plan

*) Design Environmental Criteria :


- Wind Vel. (m/s) = 30.00
- Current Vel. (m/s) = 0.40
i
- Wave Height
g (m)
( ) = 0.00
- Wave Period (s) = 0.00
- Wave Length (m) = 0.00
- El. of LWS/LWL (m) = 0.00
- El. of MWS/MSL (m) = 1.10
- El. of HWS/HWL (m) = 2.20
- El. of Mooring (m) = 4.00
- Water depth (m) = 14.00
Mooring Configuration Section

*) Mooring Coordinates :
- x1 = 0 m - y1 = 42.0 m
- x2 = 46.5 m - y2 = 42.0 m
- x3 = 169.5 m - y3 = 42.0 m
- x4 = 216.0 m - y4 = 42.0 m
- x5 = 84.0 m - y5 = 4.3 m
- x6 = 142.0 m - y6 = 4.3 m

*) Mooring Angles :
- 1 = 12.3 deg. - 1 = 5.85 deg.
- 2 = 14.6 deg. - 2 = 5.85 deg.
- 3 = 14.6 deg. - 3 = 5.85 deg.
- 4 = 12.3 deg. - 4 = 5.85 deg.
- 5 = 10.0 deg. - 5 = 9.76 deg.
- 6 = 10.0 deg. - 6 = 9.76 deg.

*) Vessel Data : Gas Carrier 25000 DWT


- Longitudinal (Broadside) Wind Area (AL) = 1,000 m2
- Transverse (Head On) Wind Area (AT) = 320 m2
Mooring Analysis 6 Points for Mooring Lines Condition 1
- Longitudinal area exposed to current (ALc) = 2103 m2
- Transversal area exposed to current (ATc) = 352 m2
- Longitudinal wetted area of vessel (A'Lc) = 9657 m2
- T l wetted
Transversal d area off vessell (A'Tc)
(A'T ) = 6155 2
m2
- Length Between Perpendiculars (LBP) = 180.5 m
- Beam (B) = 30.2 m
- Laden Draft (D) = 11.65 m

*) Mooring Line Data :


- Minimum Breaking Load of Mooring Line (MBL) = 750.0 kN
- Mooring Line Nominal Diameter (a) = 28.0 mm
- Elastic modulus of mooring lines (E) = 7.E+07 kN/m2
- No. of mooring lines at each point (n) : M1 = 2 ea ; Stern lines
M2 = 2 ea ; Fwd. breast lines
M3 = 2 ea ; Aft breast lines
M4 = 2 ea ; Head lines
M5 = 3 ea ; Spring lines fit.
M6 = 3 ea ; Spring lines fit.

1. Wind Force Angles and Drag Coefficients (Maximum Considered Values) :

a. According to OCIMF or SIGTTO :


Force Angle (deg.) from Stern
Coeff.
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
CYw 0.00 0.50 0.83 0.95 1.15 1.08 0.50 0.00
CXw 0.95 1.00 0.83 0.57 0.30 0.30 -0.80 -1.10
CXYw 0 00
0.00 0 18
0.18 0 20
0.20 0 18
0.18 0 07
0.07 -0.03
0 03 -0.04
0 04 0 00
0.00

b. According to British Standard :


Force Angle (deg.) from Bow
Coeff.
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
CTWfwd. 0.00 1.50 2.25 2.50 2.10 1.25 0.50 0.00
CTWaft. 0.00 0.90 1.60 1.90 2.60 2.50 1.80 0.10
CLW 1.80 1.50 1.10 0.70 0.10
-0.10 0.60
-0.60 1.20
-1.20 1.40
-1.40

c. According to ROM :
Force Angle (deg.) from Bow
Coeff.
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
Cv 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Kew.fwd. 0.00 0.15 0.10 0.05 -0.02 -0.10 -0.20 0.00
Ke.aft. 0.00 0.16 0.11 0.05 -0.04 -0.18 -0.33 0.00
ew (m) 0.00 55.95 37.90 18.05 -10.83 -50.54 -95.66 0.00

2. Current Force Angles and Drag Coefficients (Maximum Considered Values) :

a. According to OCIMF or SIGTTO :


Force Angle (deg.) from Stern
Coeff.
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
Cyc
0.00
0 00 1.25
1 25 1.60
1 60 1.80
1 80 2.30
2 30 1.90
1 90 1.35
1 35 0.00
0 00
(Cyac+Cyfc)
CXc 0.05 0.05 0.17 0.18 0.08 0.10 0.14 0.04
CXYc 0.00 -0.29 -0.30 -0.26 -0.05 0.18 0.24 0.00
Mooring Analysis 6 Points for Mooring Lines Condition 1
b. According to British Standard :
Force Angle (deg.) from Bow
Coeff.
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
CTC 0.00 1.20 1.90 2.55 3.10 2.60 1.35 0.00
CCT 0.00 6.60 6.50 6.80 6.70 6.90 6.50 0.00
CLC 0.40 -0.30 -0.50 -0.30 0.00 0.30 -0.15 -0.50
CCL 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50

c. According to ROM :
Force Angle (deg.) from Bow
Coeff.
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
CLC 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60 0.60
CTC 7.00 7.00 7.00 7.00 7.00 7.00 7.00 7.00
Cr 0.004 0.004 0.004 0.004 0.004 0.004 0.004 0.004
Kec 0.00 0.17 0.13 0.09 0.00 -0.09 -0.17 0.00
ec (m) 0.00 30.68 23.46 16.24 0.00 -16.24 -30.68 0.00

3. Wave Force Angles and Waterplane Coefficients (Maximum Considered Values) :

According to ROM :
Force Angle (deg.) Bow
Coeff.
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
Cfw 0.064 0.064 0.064 0.064 0.064 0.064 0.064 0.064
Cdw 1.020 1.020 1.020 1.020 1.020 1.020 1.020 1.020

4. Wind Force Calculations :

a. According to OCIMF or SIGTTO :


Force Force Angle (deg.) from Stern
(kN or
kN.m) 0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
Fyw 0 288 478 547 662 622 288 0
Fxw 175 184 153 105 55 55 -147
147 -203
203
Myw 0 18,714 20,794 18,506 7,278 -2,911 -4,159 0

b. According to British Standard :


Force Force Angle (deg.) from Bow
(kN) 0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
FTW 0 283 454 519 554 442 271 12
FLW 68 57 41 26 -4
4 -23
23 -45
45 -53
53

c. According to ROM :
Force Force Angle (deg.) from Bow
(kN or
kN.m) 0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
FTV 0 313 459 596 731 -596 -313 0
FLV 234 174 147 110 0 110 174 234
MTV 0 17,518 17,406 10,762 -7,911 30,133 29,950 0
Mooring Analysis 6 Points for Mooring Lines Condition 1
5. Current Force Calculations :

a. According to OCIMF or SIGTTO :


Force Force Angle (deg.) from Stern
(kN or
kN.m) 0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
Fyc 0 300 384 432 552 456 324 0
Fxc 12 12 41 43 19 24 34 10
Myc 0 -12,568 -12,784 -11,268 -2,167 7,801 10,401 0

b. According to British Standard :


Force Force Angle (deg.) from Bow
(kN) 0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
FTC 0 273 426 598 716 619 303 0
FLC 21 -16 -26 -16 0 16 -8 -26

c. According
g to ROM :
Force Force Angle (deg.) from Bow
(kN or
kN.m) 0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
FTC 0 619 875 1,072 1,238 1,072 619 0
FLC 21 20 19 19 18 19 20 21
MTC 0 18,985 20,539 17,420 0 -17,420 -18,985 0

6. Wave Force Calculations :

According to ROM :
Force Force Angle (deg.) from Bow
(kN) 0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
FTW 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
FLW 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

7. Maximum Combined Forces (wind, current & wave) :

a. According to OCIMF or SIGTTO :


Force Force Angle (deg.)
(kN or
kN.m) 0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
FY 0 588 862 979 1,215 1,078 612 0
FX 187 196 194 148 75 79 -114 -193
MY 0 6,147 8,009 7,239 5,111 4,890 6,242 0

b. According to British Standard :


Force Force Angle (deg.)
(kN) 0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
FY 0 556 880 1,117 1,270 1,061 574 12
FX 89 41 16 11 -4
4 -7
7 -53
53 -79
79
Mooring Analysis 6 Points for Mooring Lines Condition 1
c. According to ROM :
Force Force Angle (deg.)
(kN or
kN.m) 0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
FY 0 932 1,334 1,669 1,969 476 306 0
FX 255 194 166 129 18 129 194 255
MY 0 36,503 37,945 28,182 -7,911 12,714 10,965 0

The combined forces above will be used to determine tension forces at each mooring lines. Those
loads will be increased by considering passing vessel effect based on required condition. The passing
vessel effect will increased current velocity around the designed berth and need to consider during
operating condition.

8. Additional Force Caused by Passing Vessel :


Additional force caused by passing vessel effect will be determined according to recommendation
from US Naval Facilities Engineering Service Center such as follows :

S
S

- Passing Vessel Data : (Any kind of vessels) 6,500 DWT


B = 20.3 m
D = 7.9
79 m
LBP = 118.0 m
- Direction : = Parallel to moored vessel
- Separation distance (S) = 1000.0 m
- Maneuver Vel. of Passing Vessel (Vv) = 200.0 mm/s or 0.4 knot
- Beam to Beam Separation (G) = 974.75 m
- Draft to Depth Ratio (D/d) = 0.83
- Coefficient of Peak Surge Force (CX) = 1.00
- Coefficient of Peak Sway Force (Cy) = 1.00
- Coefficient of Peak Yaw Moment (Cy) = 1.00
- Forces Caused by Passing Vessel Effect :
FY = 0 kN ; No passing vessel effect
FX = 0 kN ; No passing vessel effect
MY = 0 kN.m ; No passing vessel effect

The force caused by passing vessel effect will be added in the calculation. Yaw moment (MY) and
surge force will give significant effect to the mooring lines. The both forces will be considered to the
designed mooring lines.
Mooring Analysis 6 Points for Mooring Lines Condition 1
9. Calculation of Mooring Lines Tension :

Simplified method will be used to determine the mooring lines tension by considering the moored
vessel as system that has only two degrees of freedom. Longitudinal forces are assumed to be
resisted by single mooring line only (M5 or M6) and yaw rotation will not be resisted by the both
spring lines. The calculation will be summarized as follows :

Total Breaking
Spring Constant Spring Component
Line No. Length Strength
(Kyi) in kN/m (kyi) in kN/m
(m) (kN)
M1 58.76
58 76 1,500
1 500 32,856
32 856 31,929
31 929
M2 43.63 1,500 44,244 42,588
M3 43.63 1,500 44,244 42,588
M4 58.76 1,500 32,856 31,929
M5 25.36 2,250 76,124 73,882
M6 25.36 2,250 76,124 73,882
296,799

kyi*xi kyi*xi2 Xcg (m)


32,793,090 4,816,405,207 108

Total line tension will be analyzed based on previous calculation of total forces according to all codes
that used in this calculation sheet.

a. Based on OCIMF or SIGTTO :

Total external forces (sway & yaw) according to OCIMF or SIGTTO :


Vessel Force Angle (deg.)
Move. 0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
y (m) 0.000 0.002 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.003 0.002 0.000
(deg.) 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

Force component for each lines according to OCIMF or SIGTTO :


Fyi
F i (kN)
Line No. Force Angle (deg.)
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
M1 0.0 50.9 77.6 93.8 128.1 112.7 53.4 0.0
M2 0.0 76.6 114.6 134.6 176.1 155.5 80.1 0.0
M3 0.0 97.9 141.4 156.5 185.6 165.6 101.6 0.0
M4 0.0 78.7 112.5 122.4 140.5 125.8 81.5 0.0
M5 0.0 117.8 179.8 217.3 296.8 261.0 123.7 0.0
M6 0.0 117.8 179.8 217.3 296.8 261.0 123.7 0.0

Total line tension for each lines by considering mooring angle and force component :
OCIMF or SIGTTO
Line No. Total Line Tension (kN)
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
M1 0 52 79 96 130 115 54 0
M2 0 79 118 138 181 160 82 0
M3 0 101 145 161 191 170 104 0
M4 0 80 115 125 143 128 83 0
M5 0 118 180 218 372 341 10 -193
M6 187 314 374 366 372 261 124 0
Note : Minus (-) means that there is no tension on mooring point caused by single direction of designed forces
Mooring Analysis 6 Points for Mooring Lines Condition 1
Safety factor for each mooring lines :
OCIMF or SIGTTO
Line No. Safety Factor (Min. 1.8 or 55% of MBL)
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
M1 - 28.96 18.98 15.70 11.50 13.08 27.58 -
M2 - 19.06 12.73 10.84 8.28 9.38 18.22 -
M3 - 14.90 10.32 9.32 7.86 8.81 14.36 -
M4 - 18.71 13.09 12.04 10.48 11.71 18.08 -
M5 - 19.08 12.50 10.34 6.06 6.61 227.20 -
M6 12.02 7.16 6.02 6.15 6.06 8.61 18.17 -

b. Based on British Standard :

Total external forces (sway & yaw) according to British Standard :


Vessel Force Angle (deg.)
Move. 0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
y (m) 0.000 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.004 0.002 0.000
(deg.) 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

Force component for each lines according to British Standard :


Fyi (kN)
Line No. Force Angle (deg.)
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
M1 -0.3 65.6 104.0 132.0 150.2 125.5 68.0 0.0
M2 -0.4 86.0 136.3 173.0 196.9 164.4 89.1 2.1
M3 -0.4 79.7 126.3 160.3 182.5 152.4 82.6 2.0
M4 -0.3
03 57 4
57.4 91 0
91.0 115 5
115.5 131 4
131.4 109 8
109.8 59 5
59.5 15
1.5
M5 -0.6 152.1 241.0 305.9 348.1 290.7 157.6 3.8
M6 -0.6 152.1 241.0 305.9 348.1 290.7 157.6 3.8

Total line tension for each lines by considering mooring angle and force component :
British Standard
Line No. Total Line Tension (kN)
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
M1 0 67 106 134 153 128 69 0
M2 0 88 140 178 202 169 92 2
M3 0 82 130 165 188 157 85 2
M4 0 58 93 118 134 112 61 1
M5 -1 152 241 306 345 284 105 -75
M6 88 193 257 317 345 291 158 4
Note : Minus (-) means that there is no tension on mooring point caused by single direction of designed forces

Safety factor for each mooring lines :


British Standard
Line No. Safety Factor (Min. 1.8 or 55% of MBL)
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
M1 - 22.44 14.16 11.16 9.80 11.74 21.66 -
M2 - 16.96 10.71 8.43 7.41 8.87 16.37 678.92
M3 - 18.31 11.55 9.10 8.00 9.58 17.66 724.01
M4 - 25.66 16.19 12.75 11.21 13.42 24.75 1,009.66
M5 - 14.78 9.33 7.35 6.53 7.93 21.50 -
M6 25.56 11.64 8.76 7.10 6.53 7.73 14.27 594.11
Mooring Analysis 6 Points for Mooring Lines Condition 1
c. Based on ROM :

Total external forces (sway & yaw) according to ROM :


Vessell F
Force A l (deg.)
Angle (d )
Move. 0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
y (m) 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.003 0.008 0.001 0.000 0.000
(deg.) 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000

Force component for each lines according to ROM :


Fyi (kN)
Line No. g ((deg.)
Force Angle g)
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
M1 0.0 -0.9 42.4 111.6 257.0 17.6 2.8 0.0
M2 0.0 57.8 116.8 191.7 323.9 43.6 21.3 0.0
M3 0.0 213.7 274.7 301.3 265.5 96.2 67.9 0.0
M4 0.0 202.5 248.3 254.5 180.7 86.2 63.5 0.0
M5 0.0 -2.0 98.2 258.6 595.3 40.8 6.5 0.0
M6 0.0 -2.0 98.2 258.6 595.3 40.8 6.5 0.0

Total line tension for each lines by considering mooring angle and force component :
ROM
Line No. Total Line Tension (kN)
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
M1 0 -1 43 114 262 18 3 0
M2 0 59 120 197 333 45 22 0
M3 0 220 282 310 273 99 70 0
M4 0 206 253 259 184 88 65 0
M5 0 -2 98 259 596 151 180 234
M6 255 192 265 388 614 41 6 0
Note : Minus (-) means that there is no tension on mooring point caused by single direction of designed forces

Safety factor for each mooring lines :


ROM
Line No. Safety Factor (Min. 1.8 or 55% of MBL)
0 30 45 60 90 120 150 180
M1 - - 34.75 13.20 5.73 83.57 528.40 -
M2 - 25.25 12.49 7.61 4.50 33.45 68.34 #######
M3 - 6.83 5.31 4.84 5.50 15.17 21.49 #######
M4 - 7.27 5.93 5.79 8.15 17.09 23.20 #######
M5 - - 22.89 8.70 3.78 14.89 12.49 9.62
M6 8.83 11.73 8.50 5.81 3.67 55.06 348.12 #######

10. Analysis Summary for The Designed Fixed Mooring System :


Analysis summary based on comparison of the design codes shown as follows :

M1 = 262 kN ; Minimum SF = 5.8


M2 = 333 kN ; Minimum SF = 4.6
Max. calculated M3 = 310 kN ; Minimum SF = 4.9
==>
oo g lines
mooring es M4 = 259 kN ; Minimum SF = 5.8
M5 = 596 kN ; Minimum SF = 3.8
M6 = 614 kN ; Minimum SF = 3.7
*) The calculated mooring forces above shall be used for selection of suitable bollard type and mooring structures design. The
forces shall be increased by 20% and shall be compared to minimum mooring force based on ship displacement due to
mooring structure design.
Mooring Analysis 6 Points for Mooring Lines Condition 1
Recommendation for Rough Estimation of
Minimum Mooring Force Based on Ship Displacement

i Mooring
Min. i i Mooring
Force Min. i Force
Ship with a Displacement up
on Critical Point on Other Point
to: tonnes
(kN) (kN)
2000 100 70
5000 200 140
10000 300 210
20000 500 350
30000 600 420
50000 800 560
100000 1000 700
200000 1500 1050
> 200000 2000 1400

Analysis Result of The Designed Force Based on Static Calculation & The Minimum
Mooring Force

Transferred Force to Designed Mooring Structures


Min. designed force for
mooring system FX (Parallel to Vessel's FY (Perpendicular to
FZ (Uplift)
Body) Vessel's Body)
M1 = 672 kN 144 kN 657 kN 69 kN
M2 = 672 kN 170 kN 651 kN 69 kN
M3 = 672 kN 170 kN 651 kN 69 kN
M4 = 672 kN 144 kN 657 kN 69 kN
M5 = 715 kN 705 kN 125 kN 122 kN
M6 = 960 kN 946 kN 167 kN 163 kN
*) The designed force for mooring system shall be located on bollard point by considering horizontal and vertical mooring
angles of the mooring lines

*) It suggested that the designed of mooring structures shall be : M1 = M4


M2 = M3
M5 = M6

*) Designed breasting force shall be same as maximum mooring line tension plus additional impact sway force if passing
vessel effect is considered. Hence, maximum designed breasting force is 613.6 kN