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Chapter 8 Assessment

Multiple Choice

1. Following the American Revolution, what did Congress fear about a strong central
government?
A. States would have too much power
B. Rights for which people fought would be lost
C. Another war would occur between Great Britain and America
D. Laws would be passed to prevent people from settling in new territories

2. What was NOT one of the several important powers the Articles gave Congress?
A. It could declare war
B. Raise an army
C. Impose taxes
D. Set up a postal system

3. The Land Ordinance of 1785 said:


A. Meant that as soon as a territory had 5000 residents it could elect its own legislature
B. When the territory reached 60,000 people it could apply to congress to become a
state
C. Slavery was banned in this territory
D. Set up a standardized system where settlers could purchase farmland in the
undeveloped west.

4. The Northwest territorys allowed all of the following except:


A. Meant that as soon as a territory had 5000 residents it could elect its own legislature
B. When the territory reached 60,000 people it could apply to congress to become a
state
C. Slavery if the territory had enough people to become a state
D. A territorial governor

5. What was the original purpose of the convention in May 1787?


A. To write the US Constitution
B. To end the conflict in Massachusetts
C. To revise the Articles of Confederation
D. To rewrite the Declaration of Independence

6. Shays rebellion showed Congress that:


A. A stronger government was needed
B. The nation was stronger than ever before
C. The Articles needed to have amendments
D. One currency needed to be made for farmers
7. Some of the revolutionaries did not attend the Constitutional Convention. Others feared
that:
A. The states would rise up and try to overthrow the government
B. No compromise would be reached
C. Citizens would lose their freedom and leave the United States
D. A strong national government would endanger states rights

8. The Father of the Constitution was:


A. George Washington
B. James Monroe
C. James Wilson
D. James Madison

9. The Virginia Plan called for:


A. A limited national government with three branches and two houses
B. A strong national government with three branches and one house
C. A weak national government with three branches and two houses
D. A strong national government with three branches and two houses

10. The New Jersey Plan called for:


A. Equal vote in Congress with three branches and two houses
B. Representation based off population with three branches and two houses
C. Equal vote in Congress with three branches and one house
D. Equal vote in Congress with one branch and three houses

11. Which did the Great Compromise debate?


A. Representation in Congress
B. How many branches of government should be included?
C. Process of electing the president
D. How many men are elected to the Senate?

12. The Delegates to the Continental Convention agreed to establish a republic. Which of
these describes a republic?
A. A country led by a monarch
B. A country led by elected representatives
C. A country led by a president who was voted in by the Congress only

13. The North and the South debated on how slaves should be counted. What was the
ending compromise?
A. 3/5 compromise which stated that slaves would count as 3 people for every 5 slaves
for taxation and representation purposes
B. 3/5 compromise that stated slaves would count as 3 people for every five slaves for
representation purposes only
C. the ending compromise said that slaves would count for 3/5 of a person
D. 3 out of every 5 slaves would become free in the South and allowed to go to the
North where slavery was banned.

14. The Federalists were:


A. Delegates who opposed the Constitution
B. Delegates who didnt sign the Constitution
C. Delegates who supported the Constitution
D. Delegates from Rhode Island

15. What was the greatest concern of the opponents to the Constitution?
A. Taxation would be eliminated
B. Selection of George Washington as president
C. Replacement of the Articles of Confederation
D. Giving up state power to form a stronger Union

16. The group special that cast votes for the president, but is not the popular vote is called:
A. Senate
B. Electoral College
C. House of Representatives
D. Virginia Delegation

17. How many representatives are there in the House of Representatives?


A. 400
B. 335
C. 425
D. 435

18. How many representatives are in the Senate?


A. 50
B. 100
C. 48
D. 110

TRUE OR FALSE: Each question can only be one of the two, True or False! Enjoy!

1. The Electoral College can override the popular vote in a presidential election. T
2. The 3/5 compromise freed slaves in the north. F
3. The north freed slaves on the condition that the slave trade could continue. F
4. The Constitution was ratified in 1787 and then revised in 1788. F
5. The Articles of Confederation could declare war, raise an army and a navy, print money,
and set up a postal system. T
6. The Articles of Confederation made the National Government strong, but also made the
States strong as well. F
7. James Madison of Virginia is the reason we know so much about the Constitution today
because he wrote over 600 pages of notes. T
8. Edmund Randolph would propose the Great Compromise while James Madison would
author it. F
9. Northern Delegates agreed that slaves should be counted only as property that could be
taxed like any other property. T
10. Many southerners were uneasy about slavery. T(153)

ESSAY:
Over the course of the last couple weeks, we have talked about the Electoral College and
popular vote in chapter 8. On one particular day, we talked about how the electoral college has
not voted the same way the popular vote did four previous times before the election with
Donald Trump and Hilary Clinton. For example, in 1876 Rutherford B. Hayes won the election
(by a margin of one electoral vote), but he lost the popular vote(direct vote from ordinary
people like you and me) by more than 250,000 ballots to Samuel J. Tilden. With this win of the
Electoral College, Rutherford B. Hayes would become the next president of the United States
even though he did not win the popular vote.

Now, with this in mind and like the 2000 election with George W. Bush and Al Gore, write a
persuasive essay in which you tell me whether the Electoral College is the best and most fair
method of electing a president. In your essay include the following:

-Give me the historical background of the Electoral College(Essentially, what is it? Who is
included and how many people?)

-Pros and Cons of the system(what is good about it? What is bad about it?)

-Your argument for or against the Electoral College(Do you AGREE with having an Electoral
College? Do you NOT AGREE with it?)

-If you SUPPORT the Electoral College, tell me why you do. If you OPPOSE OR DO NOT
SUPPORT the Electoral College, give me another idea we could use to replace it.