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Sanskrit[edit]

In India, the mora was an acknowledged phenomenon well over two millennia ago in ancient Indian linguistics schools studying the
dominant scholarly and religious lingua franca of Sanskrit. The mora was first expressed in India as the mtr.[citation needed]
For example, the short vowel "a" (pronounced like a schwa) is assigned a value of one mtr, the long vowel "" is assigned a value
of two mtrs, and the compound vowel (diphthong) "ai" (which has either two simple short vowels, "a"+"i", or one long and one
short vowel, ""+"i") is assigned a value of two mtrs.[citation needed]
Sanskrit prosody and metrics have a deep history of taking into account moraic weight, as it were, rather than straight syllables,
divided into "laghu" ( , "light") and "drgha" / "guru" ( / , "heavy") feet based on how many morae can be isolated in each
word.[citation needed]
Thus, for example, the word kart, meaning "agent" or "doer", does not contain, contrary to intuitive English prosodic principles,
simply two syllabic units, but contains rather, in order, a "drgha" / "guru "/ "heavy" foot and a "laghu" / "light" foot. The reason is that
the conjoined consonants 'rt' render the normally light 'ka' syllable heavy