14 views

Uploaded by Azad Patel

Book

- ESAFORM_2015
- A Ring-shear Device for the Study of Till Deformation_ Tests on Tills With Contrasting Clay Contentsd
- 422005 SIM Simulation DS ENG
- 31-1
- A Review of Tesla Valve - Copy
- r05220302-mechanics-of-fluids
- Bit
- ourglass.pdf
- Chanwoo - Cdr Pdfs Indexed 1 1
- Models.cfd.Pipe Elbow
- Physics 2 Applied Physics
- Manning Optimum
- 3 sem 2017
- CFX_Intro_13.0_WS02_Airfoil.ppt
- Venturimeter
- Fluid Mechanics
- Flow of Fluid Through Fixed Beds
- Dynamics.pdf
- Exam_Jan_09
- Keynote Anderson Tuesday

You are on page 1of 41

Source: 1. http://nptel.ac.in/courses/105103095/25

2. http://www.msubbu.in/ln/fm/

Fluid flow methods of analysis of fluid motion, Streamlines, Path lines, Streak lines

and Stream tubes. Types of fluid flow-Steady and unsteady flow, Uniform and non-

uniform flow, Laminar and turbulent flow, Reynolds number, Reynolds experiment,

Rotational and Irrotational flow, Subcritical, critical and Supercritical flow,

Compressible and Incompressible flow, One, Two and three dimensional flow,

Circulation and vorticity, Stream function and Flownet.

Introduction

The fluid kinematics deals with description of the motion of the fluids without

reference to the force causing the motion.

Kinematics is defined as that branch of science which deals with motion of particles

without considering the forces causing the motion. The velocity at any point

in a flow field at any time is studied in this branch of fluid mechanics. Once

the velocity is known, then the pressure distribution and hence forces acting

on the fluid can be determined. In this chapter, the methods of determining

velocity and acceleration are discussed.

Thus it is emphasized to know how fluid flows and how to describe fluid motion.

This concept helps us to simplify the complex nature of a real fluid flow.

velocities. Moreover at different instants fluid particles change their positions. In

order to analyse the flow behaviour, a function of space and time, we follow one of

the following approaches

1. Lagarangian approach

2. Eularian approach

the Lagarangian approach a fluid particle of fixed mass is selected. We follow the

fluid particle during the course of motion with time (fig. L-16.1)

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Fig. L-16.1

The fluid particles may change their shape, size and state as they move.

Is quite difficult.

Therefore this approach is limited to some special applications for example re-

entry of a spaceship into the earth's atmosphere and flow measurement system

based on particle imagery.

In the Eularian method a finite region through which fluid flows in and out is used.

Here we do not keep track position and velocity of fluid particles of definite mass. But,

within the region, the field variables which are continuous functions of space

dimensions ( x , y , z ) and time ( t ), are defined to describe the flow. These field

variables may be scalar field variables, vector field variables and tensor quantities. For

example, pressure is one of the scalar fields. Sometimes this finite region is referred as

control volume or flow domain.

For example the pressure field 'P' is a scalar field variable and defined as

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Note that we have defined the fluid flow as a three dimensional flow in a Cartesian co-

ordinates system.

Steady and

unsteady

flows

The flow in which the field variables don't vary with time is said to be steady flow.

For steady flow,

Or

It means that the field variables are independent of time. This assumption simplifies

the fluid problem to a great extent. Generally, many engineering flow devices and

systems are designed to operate them during a peak steady flow condition.

If the field variables in a fluid region vary with time the flow is said to be unsteady

flow.

Although fluid flow generally occurs in three dimensions in which the velocity field vary

with three space co-ordinates and time. But, in some problem we may use one or two space

components to describe the velocity field. For example consider a steady flow through a long

straight pipe of constant cross-section. The velocity distributions shown in figure are

independent of co-ordinate x and and a function of r only. Thus the flow field is one

dimensional.

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Fig. L-16.3

But in the case of flow over a weir of constant cross-section (), we can use two co-ordinate

system x and z in defining the velocity field. So, this flow is a case of two dimensional flow.

The reduction of independent space variable in a fluid flow problem makes it simpler to

solve.

Laminar and

Turbulent flow

In fluid flows, there are two distinct fluid behaviours experimentally observed.

These behaviours were first observed by Sir Osborne Reynolds. He carried out a

simple experiment in which water was discharged through a small glass tube

from a large tank (the schematic of the experiment shown in Fig.). A colour dye

was injected at the entrance of the tube and the rate of flow could be regulated

by a valve at the out let.

When the water flowed at low velocity, it was found that the die moved in a

straight line. This clearly showed that the particles of water moved in parallel

lines. This type of flow is called laminar flow, in which the particles of fluid moves

along smooth paths in layers. There is no exchange of momentum from fluid

particles of one layer to the fluid particles of another layer.

This type of flow mainly occurs in high viscous fluid flows at low velocity, for

example, oil flows at low velocity. Fig. shows the steady velocity profile for a

typical laminar flow.

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

When the water flowed at high velocity, it was found that the

dye colour was diffused over the whole cross section. This

could be interpreted that the particles of fluid moved in very

irregular paths, causing an exchange of momentum from one

fluid particle to another. This type of flow is known as turbulent

flow. The time variation of velocity at a point for the turbulent

flow is shown in Fig.

profil

flow

fluctuations in the magnitude and the direction of velocity of the fluid

particles.

Example 1 :

A velocity field is defined by u = 2 y2, v = 3x, w = 0. At point (1,2,0), compute the a) velocity, b) local

acceleration and a) convective acceleration.

Solution :

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

a) Thus,

c) Also from the above equation we have the acceleration component as follow

Uniform and Non-uniform flow : If the velocity at given instant is the same in both

magnitude and direction throughout the flow domain, the flow is described as uniform.

and Non-uniform flow.

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

When the velocity changes from point to point it is said to be non-uniform flow. Fig.() shows

uniform flow in test section of a well designed wind tunnel and ( ) describing

Velocity Field Print this page

Introduction

Consider a uniform stream flow passing through a solid cylinder (Fig.). The typical velocities at different

locations within the fluid domain vary from position to position at a particular time t . At different time

instants this velocity distribution may change. Keeping this observation in mind, the velocity within a flow

domain can be represented as function of position ( x , y , z ) and time t .

Fig. L-17.1

In the Cartesian co-ordinates the variation of velocity can be represented as a vector whe

u , v , w are the velocity scalar components in x , y and z directions respectively.

The scalar components u , v and w are dependent functions of position and time. Mathematically we can

express them as

This type of continuous function distribution with position and time for velocity is known as velocity field.

is based on the Eularian description of the flow. We also can represent the Lagrangian description of

velocity field.

Let a fluid particle exactly positioned at point A moving to another point during time interval . The

velocity of the fluid particle is the same as the local velocity at that point as obtained from the Eulerian

description

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

At time t , particle at x , y , z

At time , particle at

This means that instead of describing the motion of the fluid flow using the Lagrangian description, the use

of Eularian description makes the fluid flow problems quite easier to solve. Besides this difficult, the

complete description of a fluid flow using the Lagrangian description requires to keep track over a large

number of fluid particles and their movements with time. Thus, more computation is required in the

Lagrangian description.

The

Acceleration

field

At given position A, the acceleration of a fluid particle is the time derivative of the

particle's velocity.

t ), we can express the particle velocity in terms of the position of the particle as

given below

Where and d are the partial derivative operator and total derivative operator

respectively.

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

The time rate of change of the particle in the x -direction equals to the x -component of

velocity vector, u . Therefore

Similarly,

As discussed earlier the position vector of the fluid particle ( x particle , y particle , z

particle ) in the Lagranian description is the same as the position vector ( x , y , z ) in the

Eulerian frame at time t and the acceleration of the fluid particle, which occupied the

position ( x , y , z ) is equal to in the Eularian description.

Vector form

The first term of the right hand side of equation represents the time rate of change of

velocity field at the position of the fluid particle at time t . This acceleration

component is also independent to the change of the particle position and is referred

as the local acceleration. However the term accounts for the affect of the

change of the velocity at various positions in this field. This rate of change of velocity

because of changing position in the field is called the convective acceleration.

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

The

Acceleration

field

derivative of the particle's velocity.

and t ), we can express the particle velocity in terms of the position of the

particle as given below

Where and d are the partial derivative operator and total derivative

operator respectively.

The Acceleration field

At given position A, the acceleration of a fluid particle is the time derivative of

the particle's velocity.

and t ), we can express the particle velocity in terms of the position of the

particle as given below

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Where and d are the partial derivative operator and total derivative operator

respectively.

The time rate of change of the particle in the x -direction equals to the x -component

of velocity vector, u . Therefore

Similarly,

As discussed earlier the position vector of the fluid particle ( x particle , y particle , z

particle ) in the Lagranian description is the same as the position vector ( x , y , z ) in

the Eulerian frame at time t and the acceleration of the fluid particle, which occupied

the position ( x , y , z ) is equal to in the Eularian description.

But in the case of the particle B , it can easily be seen that the particle rotates in

clockwise direction near the obstruction. This results due to the presence of the

velocity gradient at that region. So, this type of motion of a fluid particle is known as

rotation.

The particle C moves in the region of high velocity gradient. Therefore, the particle is

deformed volumetrically and is also undergoes angular deformation because of non-

uniform distribution of velocity in the path x and y directions.

In short the types of primary motion of a fluid particle are described in four ways: (a)

translation (b) rotation (c) linear deformation and (d) angular deformation.

Rotatio

n

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Consider a two dimensional fluid particle motion in a fluid flow domain. The flow velocity

at point A ' of the particle is expressed as

As per the continuum hypothesis the velocity components u and v are continuous functions

of space and time. The velocity at point A can be expressed using the Taylor series

Neglecting the second and higher order terms in the above expression we obtain

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

The pure rotation of the element is resulted from v -velocity component at point and the u -veloc

at point B .

similarly,

In three dimension we can express rate of rotation or angular velocity in vector form as

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Linear

deformation

deformation in solid mechanics. The rate of linear deformation or linear strain rate is

the rate of increased or decreased length per unit length.

Consider two points P and Q located on a fluid particle in the x -direction. The velocity

and Q to . The rate of linear deformation is

Thus

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Prev

Angular deformation :

As shown in Fig. L-18.4, angular deformation at point P is defined as the half of the rate of the angle

decreased between two mutually perpendicular axes.

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

of fluid

particles

Note that is in the clockwise direction. Extending to three dimensions the shear strain

rate is given by

Rotation

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

The flow velocity at point A ' of the particle is expressed as

continuous functions of space and time. The velocity at point A can be

expressed using the Taylor series

Neglecting the second and higher order terms in the above expression

we obtain

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

r

i

n

t

t

h

i

s

p

a

g

e

particle

The pure rotation of the element is resulted from v -velocity component at point

and the u -velocity component at point B .

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

similarly,

in vector form as

Linear deformation

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

In fluid mechanics the rate of linear deformation is emphasized instead of linear deformation in

solid mechanics. The rate of linear deformation or linear strain rate is the rate of increased or

decreased length per unit length.

Consider two points P and Q located on a fluid particle in the x -direction. The velocity at pint P

and Q at time t are u and respectively. During time , P moves to and Q to . The

rate of linear deformation is

Thus

Angular deformation :

As shown in Fig. L-18.4, angular deformation at point P is defined as the half of the rate of

the angle decreased between two mutually perpendicular axes.

deformation of fluid particle

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

in FigureL-18.4 . The rate of angle , already derived in section() is

Note that is in the clockwise direction. Extending to three dimensions the shear

strain rate is given by

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

page

Introduction

The basic equations given in section (), involving the time derivative of extensive

properties (mass, linear momentum, angular momentum, energy) are required to

analyse any fluid problem. In solid mechanics, we often use a system representing a

quantity of mass of fixed identity. The basic equations are therefore directly applied to

determine the time derivatives of extensive properties. However, in fluid mechanics it

is convenient to work with control volume, representing a region in space considered

for study. The basic equations based on system approach can not directly applied to

control volume approach.

Fig. illustrates different types of control volume: fixed control volume, control volume

moving at a constant speed and deforming control volume. In this section, it is aimed

to derive a relationship between the time derivative of system property and the rate of

change of that property within a control volume. This relationship is expressed by the

Reynolds Transport Theorem (RTT) which establishes a link between the system and

control volume approaches.

Before deriving the general form of the RTT, a derivation for one dimensional fixed

control volume is explained in the next section.

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

page

Consider a diverging (expanding) flow field bounded by a stream tube. The chosen control volume

is to be fixed between section a' and section 'b'. Note that both the sections are normal to the

direction of flow. At initial time t , System I exactly coincides with the chosen control volume. This

assumption says that the system and control volume are identical at that time. At time ,

System-I has moved in the flow direction at uniform speed and a part of system II has entered

into the control volume.

Let ' N' represent any properties of the fluid (mass, momentum, energy) and then represent the

amount of ' N'' per unit mass (known as intensive property) in a small proportion of the fluid. The

total amount of N ' in a control volume is expressed as

As the system coincides with the control volume at time ' t ', a relation between the system and the

control volume is

At time ,

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

or

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

This equation implies that the time rate of change of any extensive property for a

system is equal to the rate of change of that extensive property inside the control

volume plus the net efflux of the property through the control surface. This is known as

Reynolds Transport Equation which relates the change of a property of a system to the

change of that property for a control volume.

As similar to the previous derivation, consider a fixed control volume with an arbitrary flow pattern

passing through. At time t the system coincides with the control volume which is fixed relative to

the x , y, and z axes. At time , the system has moved and occupies the region II and III as

shown in Fig.L-19.1. Note that the region II is common to the system at both times t and .

The time rate of change of N ' for the system can be given by

region II occupies the same space of control volume and the first term on the right side of the

above equation becomes . The integral for region III approximates the amount of N ' that

has crossed the control surface ABCD shown in Fig.L-19.1.

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Fig. L-19.1

Let an area dA on the control surface where a steady flow velocity v is attained during time interval,

, the interface has moved a distance along a direction which is tangential to streamline at that

point.

So, the integral for the region III, is expressed by substituting . Efflux rate through control surface

ABC is

Similarly, the influx rate through control surface ADC can be expressed

Influx rate:

The negative sign indicates influx rate of N pass through the control surface. The net

efflux rate of N through the whole control surface is

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

The above equation states that the time rate of change of property N within a system is

equal to the time rate of change of property N within the arbitrary shaped control

volume plus the net rate of efflux of the property across the control surface.

Special

Cases

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

In the case of fixed control volume the velocity field was measured with reference to x , y

, z axes . If the control volume moves at a uniform velocity it is necessary to compute

relative velocity of fluid crossing the control surface. The relative velocity becomes

. The flux terms are to be defined in terms of , but the volume integral

remains unchanged when the control volume does not deform.

Fluid

Statics

Exampl

e 1:

Calculate the velocity of water flowing through a pipe system in which the flow first

enters a pipe of 0.2 m diameter and releases to another pipe of 0.1 m diameter. The water

flows at a rate of 2200 litre per hour.

Solution :

If A 2 and V 2 are the cross sections and velocity in the second pipe

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Answer:

Fluid

Statics

Example 2:

0.01m if a change of flow takes place from 1500 lph to 1200 lph?

Solution :

Q 2 = 1200 lph

Substituting the values after the unit conversions of flow rate V 1 =5.3 cm/s

V 2 = 4.2 cm/s

Example

3:

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

The two scalar components of velocity field are given for two flow system.

Find the third component of the velocity. For case I) u=x 3 +2y 2 +z 3 and v

= -x 2 y yz - xy . And II) u= log (y 2 + z 2 ) and w= log (x 2 +y 2 ).

Solution :

Case I: Velocity field should satisfy the continuity equation. For a three

dimensional flow the equation is

Integrating we have,

Answer: -

Since u and w are symmetric function of x, y and z , v should also be a

symmetric function.

So,

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Reynolds

Transport

Theorem

Example

4:

velocity field is given by u = x 2 y 2 + 2xy , obtain the velocity field and

also the acceleration at point (2, 2).

Solution :

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Now,

Acceleration:

Acceleration (total) In

which

Then, total acceleration

Computing the dot product and substituting x and y coordinates (2, 2) of the point we get

Acceleration =

Answer:-

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Example

5:

fluid is in motion. If so, determine the expression for stream function and the direction of the

stream line through (1, 2).

Solution :

Answer:

Example 6:

Derive the equation of stream function and velocity potential for a uniform flow of

stream of velocity 5 m/s at a angle of 30 0 to the x-axis in a two dimensional field.

Solution :

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Integrating we have

Also,

Integration of the above gives f = -4.33 x +f(y) and f = 2.5 y + f(x)

Exam

ple 7:

The x- component of the velocity field for a two dimensional fluid flow over a plate is

given by u = 3y y 2 .Where y is measured from the surface in a perpendicular direction.

Verify if the flow is rotational. If so find the rotational velocity at (3, 2).

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Answer:

Exam

ple 9:

For a two dimensional flow stream function is given as 5(y 2 -x 3 ). Find out the velocity

components and the discharge passing between the streamlines through the point (3,2)

and (4,2)

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

At (3,2) and Q = ? 2 ? 1

Answer:-

Exam

ple

10:

d.

a. Is the flow steady or unsteady?

b. Can you approximate the flow as a 2-dimensional flow?

c. Determine the acceleration field?

Solution :

a) As it is clear from the above that the velocity field is a function of time and hence

the flow is unsteady

approximated to a two dimensional flow.

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

http://www.msubbu.in/ln/fm/Unit-II/ContinuityEqun.htm

Continuity Equation

Let us make the mass balance for a fluid element as shown below: (an open-faced

cube)

Mass balance:

Accumulation rate of mass in the system = all mass flow rates in - all mass flow rates

out --> 1

The mass in the system at any instant is x y z. The flow into the system through

face 1 is

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

Now we let x, y, and z each approach zero simulaneously, so that the cube shrinks

to a point. Taking the limit of the three ratios on the right-hand side of this equation,

we get the partial derivatives.

This is the continuity equation for every point in a fluid flow whether steady or

unsteady , compressible or incompressible.

For steady, incompressible flow, the density is constant and the equation simplifies

to

Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics

Prepared by : Dr.Ravikumar Ganti, ravikumar.ganti@aiim.ac.in

For two dimensional incompressible flow this will simplify still further to

- ESAFORM_2015Uploaded byDiego Canales Aguilera
- A Ring-shear Device for the Study of Till Deformation_ Tests on Tills With Contrasting Clay ContentsdUploaded byDurval Párraga
- 422005 SIM Simulation DS ENGUploaded byoemolina25
- 31-1Uploaded bymehdi
- A Review of Tesla Valve - CopyUploaded byMogambo Khushua
- r05220302-mechanics-of-fluidsUploaded bySRINIVASA RAO GANTA
- BitUploaded byJulo Desmazures
- ourglass.pdfUploaded byYsharath Chandramouli
- Chanwoo - Cdr Pdfs Indexed 1 1Uploaded byfsgfdgsgfgfs
- Models.cfd.Pipe ElbowUploaded byTaniadi Suria
- Physics 2 Applied PhysicsUploaded byganeshgorla
- Manning OptimumUploaded bySuranga Gayan
- 3 sem 2017Uploaded byShanmuga Priya
- CFX_Intro_13.0_WS02_Airfoil.pptUploaded byvicky3000
- VenturimeterUploaded byCalvin Robinson
- Fluid MechanicsUploaded bydindarkar
- Flow of Fluid Through Fixed BedsUploaded byGrano Prabumukti
- Dynamics.pdfUploaded byNeelkanth Nirmalkar
- Exam_Jan_09Uploaded byalialavi2
- Keynote Anderson TuesdayUploaded byfarzad
- Presentation Fluid Chapter 6Uploaded bycynthia
- IIT Madras Some CurriculumUploaded byAnirudth N
- TAREA 2Uploaded bymessy99999
- ES128 Computer Assignment 3Uploaded byBassem Khaled
- assignment 1.pdfUploaded byharris
- Autodesk Simulation Feature ComparisonUploaded bymayur_agare
- AnderrsonUploaded bymkb
- 57908_indxUploaded bytaimienphi
- Method Bell DelawareUploaded byAurelio Poletto
- MD Nastran R3 - Explicit Nonlinear SOL 700 User's Guide.pdfUploaded bypezz07

- Sisteme Integrate Ver4Uploaded byAdrian-Laurențiu Rădulescu
- gyroscopeUploaded bygraveek
- Nomadism, Horses and HunsUploaded byFilip_Tesar
- HTML L21Uploaded bydibbasearch
- Building the Android Kernel on Linux - SoftwarebakeryUploaded byPradeepReddyChimmula
- POPULARITY OF MARXIST SCHOOL OF THOUGHT IN AFRICAN LITERATURE: A CRITIQUE.Uploaded byIJCIRAS Research Publication
- 101109 Retaining Wall CalculationUploaded byAlexPak
- Real Time SystemsUploaded byJayashree C Rao
- Carl JungUploaded byIván Perez
- Attitude Towards RiskUploaded byOrestis :. Konstantinidis
- Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Sallie B. King Exchange on BuddhismUploaded byKenneth Anderson
- Job Interview QuestionsUploaded byRajeev Sharma
- # Analysis of the IDH1 Codon 132 Mutation in Brain TumorsUploaded bylombardiedoardo
- SPTGSynexJ3704CUploaded bydoos1
- DS_sduUploaded byJack Di
- Happy Rhetorical AnalysisUploaded byDaniel Jimenez
- The Eight Elements of TQMUploaded byatanda_shadrack
- 2013SMCHMathT1TrialUploaded bychimbi
- 13_747_400F_DIFFERENCES_V11Uploaded byAlfonso Enrrique Maya Florez
- samaranga sutradharaUploaded bySandhya Bharathiy
- sfjh vball pre-season surveyUploaded byapi-371832017
- Jh AnswerUploaded bynislam57
- Dangdut StoriesUploaded byRianaDyahPrameswari
- Contoh AnnouncementUploaded byyunus
- Design & Kinematic Analysis of an Articulated Robotic ManipulatorUploaded byVikram Bogar
- connotation and denotation projectUploaded byapi-374398791
- Allusion ProjectUploaded byhousemans
- d10r - Akt HosesUploaded byleaw81
- Cl Text IdentifierUploaded bypoussin_forever
- Nissan+Skyline+GT-RUploaded byIbrahim Ab Ras