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Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 1 of 72

7 UNITED STATE DISTRICT COURT


WESTERN DISTRICT OF WASHINGTON
8 AT SEATTLE
9
10 ELECTRIC MIRROR, LLC, a Washington
NO.
limited liability company,
11
COMPLAINT FOR PATENT
12 and INFRINGEMENT

13 KELVIN 42 LLC, a Delaware limited


14 liability company JURY DEMAND

15 Plaintiffs,

16 vs.
17
MAJESTIC MIRRORS & FRAME, LLC, a
18 Florida limited liability company,
19
Defendant.
20

21

22 Plaintiffs Electric Mirror, LLC and Kelvin 42 LLC, through their undersigned

23 counsel, Capital IP Law Group PLLC and Ellis Li & McKinstry PLLC, bring this action

24 against Defendant Majestic Mirrors & Frame, LLC.

25 NATURE OF THE ACTION

26 1. This action arises under the patent laws of the United States, 35 U.S.C. 1 et

27 seq., based on Defendants infringement of United States Patent No. 7,559,668 (the 668

COMPLAINT FOR PATENT INFRINGEMENT Page 1 Ellis | Li | McKinstry


Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
206.682.0565 Fax: 206.625.1052
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 2 of 72

1 patent), United States Patent No. 7,805,260 (the 260 patent), United States Patent No.

2 7,853,414 (the 414 patent), United States Design Patent No. D579,671 (the D671

3 patent) and United States Design Patent No. D704,938 (the D938 patent) (collectively,

4 the Patents-in-Suit).

5 PARTIES

6 2. Plaintiff Electric Mirror, LLC (Electric Mirror) is a Washington limited


7 liability company with a principal place of business in Everett, Washington.
8 3. Plaintiff Kelvin 42 LLC (Kelvin or, if collectively with Electric Mirror,
9 Plaintiffs) is a Delaware limited liability company with a business address in
10 Pensacola, Florida.
11 4. Electric Mirror is recognized as a leading manufacturer and provider of
12 mirrors featuring internal illumination, commonly referred to as lighted mirrors, that
13 are sold to leading hotels, businesses and residences throughout the United States and
14 worldwide. Plaintiffs own and/or license the Patents-in-Suit, which concern lighted
15 mirrors and ornamental designs for lighted mirrors.
16 5. Defendant Majestic Mirror & Frames, LLC (Majestic or Defendant) is
17 a Florida limited liability company with substantial Washington contacts, as discussed
18 in more detail below, and those contacts include (but are not limited to) advertising
19 directed to Washington and upon information and belief making substantial sales
20 in Washington.
21 JURISDICTION AND VENUE

22 6. This is an action for patent infringement arising under the patent laws of
23 the United States, 35 U.S.C. 271.
24 7. This Court has subject matter jurisdiction over Plaintiffs claims pursuant
25 to 28 U.S.C. 1331 and 1338(a).
26 8. This Court has personal jurisdiction over Defendant because Defendant

27 regularly conducts business within, and specifically directs its business activities to, the

COMPLAINT FOR PATENT INFRINGEMENT Page 2 Ellis | Li | McKinstry


Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
206.682.0565 Fax: 206.625.1052
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 3 of 72

1 State of Washington and the Western District of Washington (this District). Defendant

2 has purposefully availed itself of the opportunity to conduct business in this state through

3 systematic and continuous dealings in Washington. Defendants actions that give rise to

4 personal jurisdiction include, but are not limited to the following: (1) selling and installing

5 accused lighted mirror products to customers in Washington, including, but not limited

6 to, the Kimpton Hotel Monaco Seattle, Red Lion Seattle Hotel, Sheraton Seattle Hotel, and

7 Crowne Plaza Seattle Hotel; (2) providing samples of accused products for use in model

8 rooms located in Washington State in an effort to obtain sales from companies, including,

9 but not limited to, Loews Hotels Seattle; (3) operating a highly interactive website,

10 www.majesticmirror.com, on which customers, including Washington customers, may

11 directly inquire about and purchase accused products; (4) upon information and belief,

12 attending trade shows in Washington directly or through authorized personnel, including

13 the Network of Executive Women in Hospitality (NEWH) show in Seattle, Washington;

14 (5) upon information and belief, partnering with a Seattle entity, ToteVision, to design and

15 sell mirror products; (6) upon information and belief, licensing software from Microsoft, a

16 Washington corporation headquartered in Washington, to facilitate Defendants

17 operations, including marketing and selling the accused products; and (7) selling and

18 distributing its products via Amazon.com, a corporation headquartered in Washington

19 State. Defendants business activities not only are directed to, and occur within, this

20 District, but Defendant also knowingly introduces into the stream of commerce products

21 and/or components of products that infringe the Patents-in-Suit, and Defendant knew

22 and/or intended that such products would be used in Washington.

23 9. Venue is proper in the Western District of Washington pursuant to 28


24 U.S.C. 1391(b)-(c), because a substantial part of the events giving rise to the claims
25 pled herein occurred in the District. Venue also is proper under 28 U.S.C. 1400(b)
26 because Defendant has committed, induced others to commit, or contributed to others
27 committing, acts of infringement in this District.

COMPLAINT FOR PATENT INFRINGEMENT Page 3 Ellis | Li | McKinstry


Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
206.682.0565 Fax: 206.625.1052
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 4 of 72

1 COUNT I INFRINGEMENT OF THE 668 PATENT

2 10. Electric Mirror realleges and incorporates by reference paragraphs 1-9


3 above as if fully set forth herein.
4 11. On July 14, 2009, the United States Patent and Trademark Office issued
5 the 668 patent, titled Floating Mirror. A true and correct copy of the 668 patent is
6 provided as Exhibit A.
7 12. Kelvin is the owner of the 668 patent by assignment, and Electric Mirror
8 licenses the 668 patent from Kelvin.
9 13. Defendant is now, and has been, directly, contributorily and by
10 inducement, infringing at least one claim of the 668 patent, literally and/or under the
11 doctrine of equivalents. Defendant is violating 35 U.S.C. 271 by selling, offering to
12 sell, making or using the patented invention in the United States, by actively inducing
13 others to sell, offer to sell, make or use the patented invention in the United States, and
14 by offering to sell or selling within the United States components of a patented
15 machine, manufacture, combination or composition, or a material or apparatus for use
16 in practicing a patented process, constituting a material part of the invention, knowing
17 the same to be especially made or especially adapted for use in an infringement of
18 such patent, and not a staple article or commodity of commerce suitable for substantial
19 non-infringing use.
20 14. Defendants infringing acts include, but are not limited to, its making,
21 using, selling, and offering for sale (and/or inducing or contributing to the making,
22 using, selling, and offering for sale) products such as the Berkely mirror and, on
23 information and belief, other products listed on its website under at least the Backlit
24 Mirrors product category (http://majesticmirror.com/product-category/backlit-
25 mirrors). On information and belief, at least that category includes products that
26 infringe the claims of the Patents-in-Suit. Defendant also induces and contributes to
27

COMPLAINT FOR PATENT INFRINGEMENT Page 4 Ellis | Li | McKinstry


Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
206.682.0565 Fax: 206.625.1052
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 5 of 72

1 its customers use of such products through, among other things, the drawings and/or
2 instructions it provides at (among other places) its website www.majesticmirror.com.
3 15. Defendant is not, now or at any time, licensed under the 668 patent.
4 16. Defendants acts of infringement have been, and continue to be, willful
5 and deliberate (and Defendants indirect infringement was known or so obvious it
6 should have been known) as will be shown, at least in part, by Defendants refusal to
7 discontinue infringing the 668 patent despite knowledge of that patent obtained from
8 Electric Mirrors website (http://www.electricmirror.com/company/intellectual-
9 property/) and/or from Electric Mirror notifying Defendant of the patent.
10 17. Electric Mirror has been damaged by Defendants foregoing acts of
11 infringement of the 668 patent, and Electric Mirror will continue to be damaged by
12 such infringement unless enjoined by this Court. Electric Mirror is entitled to recover
13 damages adequate to compensate for the infringement under 35 U.S.C. 284.
14 COUNT II INFRINGEMENT OF THE 260 PATENT

15 18. Electric Mirror realleges and incorporates by reference paragraphs 1-9


16 above as if fully set forth herein.
17 19. On September 28, 2010, the United States Patent and Trademark Office
18 issued the 260 patent, titled Mirror Assembly. A true and correct copy of the 260
19 patent is provided as Exhibit B.
20 20. Electric Mirror is the owner of the 260 patent by assignment.
21 21. Defendant is now, and has been, directly, contributorily and by
22 inducement, infringing at least one claim of the 260 patent, literally and/or under the
23 doctrine of equivalents. Defendant is violating 35 U.S.C. 271 by selling, offering to
24 sell, making or using the patented invention in the United States, by actively inducing
25 others to sell, offer to sell, make or use the patented invention in the United States, and
26 by offering to sell or selling within the United States components of a patented
27 machine, manufacture, combination or composition, or a material or apparatus for use

COMPLAINT FOR PATENT INFRINGEMENT Page 5 Ellis | Li | McKinstry


Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
206.682.0565 Fax: 206.625.1052
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 6 of 72

1 in practicing a patented process, constituting a material part of the invention, knowing


2 the same to be especially made or especially adapted for use in an infringement of
3 such patent, and not a staple article or commodity of commerce suitable for substantial
4 non-infringing use.
5 22. Defendants infringing acts include, but are not limited to, its making,
6 using, selling, and offering for sale (and/or inducing or contributing to the making,
7 using, selling, and offering for sale) products such as the Berkely mirror and, on
8 information and belief, other products listed on its website under at least the Backlit
9 Mirrors product category (http://majesticmirror.com/product-category/backlit-
10 mirrors). On information and belief, at least that category includes products that
11 infringe the claims of the Patents-in-Suit. Defendant also induces and contributes to
12 its customers use of such products through, among other things, the drawings and/or
13 instructions it provides at (among other places) its website www.majesticmirror.com.
14 23. Defendant is not, now or at any time, licensed under the 260 patent.
15 24. Defendants acts of infringement have been, and continue to be, willful
16 and deliberate (and Defendants indirect infringement was known or so obvious it
17 should have been known) as will be shown, at least in part, by Defendants refusal to
18 discontinue infringing the 260 patent despite knowledge of that patent obtained from
19 Electric Mirrors website (http://www.electricmirror.com/company/intellectual-
20 property/) and/or from Electric Mirror notifying Defendant of the patent.
21 25. Electric Mirror has been damaged by Defendants foregoing acts of
22 infringement of the 260 patent, and Electric Mirror will continue to be damaged by
23 such infringement unless enjoined by this Court. Electric Mirror is entitled to recover
24 damages adequate to compensate for the infringement under 35 U.S.C. 284.
25 COUNT III INFRINGEMENT OF THE 414 PATENT

26 26. Electric Mirror realleges and incorporates by reference paragraphs 1-9


27 above as if fully set forth herein.

COMPLAINT FOR PATENT INFRINGEMENT Page 6 Ellis | Li | McKinstry


Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
206.682.0565 Fax: 206.625.1052
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 7 of 72

1 27. On December 14, 2010, the United States Patent and Trademark Office
2 issued the 414 patent, titled Mounting Structure For A Mirror Assembly. A true and
3 correct copy of the 414 patent is provided as Exhibit C.
4 28. Electric Mirror is the owner of the 414 patent by assignment.
5 29. Defendant is now, and has been, directly, contributorily and by
6 inducement, infringing at least one claim of the 414 patent, literally and/or under the
7 doctrine of equivalents. Defendant is violating 35 U.S.C. 271 by selling, offering to
8 sell, making or using the patented invention in the United States, by actively inducing
9 others to sell, offer to sell, make or use the patented invention in the United States, and
10 by offering to sell or selling within the United States components of a patented
11 machine, manufacture, combination or composition, or a material or apparatus for use
12 in practicing a patented process, constituting a material part of the invention, knowing
13 the same to be especially made or especially adapted for use in an infringement of
14 such patent, and not a staple article or commodity of commerce suitable for substantial
15 non-infringing use.
16 30. Defendants infringing acts include, but are not limited to, its making,
17 using, selling, and offering for sale (and/or inducing or contributing to the making,
18 using, selling, and offering for sale) products such as the Strand mirror and, on
19 information and belief, other products listed on its website under at least the Backlit
20 Mirrors product category (http://majesticmirror.com/product-category/backlit-
21 mirrors). On information and belief, at least that category includes products that
22 infringe the claims of the Patents-in-Suit. Defendant also induces and contributes to
23 its customers use of such products through, among other things, the drawings and/or
24 instructions it provides at (among other places) its website www.majesticmirror.com.
25 31. Defendant is not, now or at any time, licensed under the 414 patent.
26 32. Defendants acts of infringement have been, and continue to be, willful
27 and deliberate (and Defendants indirect infringement was known or so obvious it

COMPLAINT FOR PATENT INFRINGEMENT Page 7 Ellis | Li | McKinstry


Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
206.682.0565 Fax: 206.625.1052
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 8 of 72

1 should have been known) as will be shown, at least in part, by Defendants refusal to
2 discontinue infringing the 414 patent despite knowledge of that patent obtained from
3 Electric Mirrors website (http://www.electricmirror.com/company/intellectual-
4 property/) and/or from Electric Mirror notifying Defendant of the patent.
5 33. Electric Mirror has been damaged by Defendants foregoing acts of
6 infringement of the 414 patent, and Electric Mirror will continue to be damaged by
7 such infringement unless enjoined by this Court. Electric Mirror is entitled to recover
8 damages adequate to compensate for the infringement under 35 U.S.C. 284.
9 COUNT IV INFRINGEMENT OF THE D671 PATENT

10 34. Electric Mirror realleges and incorporates by reference paragraphs 1-9


11 above as if fully set forth herein.
12 35. On November 4, 2008, the United States Patent and Trademark Office
13 issued the D671 patent, titled Mirror. A true and correct copy of the D671 patent is
14 provided as Exhibit D.
15 36. Electric Mirror is the owner of the D671 patent by assignment.
16 37. Defendant is now, and has been, directly, contributorily and by
17 inducement, infringing the claim of the D671 patent, literally and/or under the
18 doctrine of equivalents. Defendant is violating 35 U.S.C. 271 by selling, offering to
19 sell, making or using the patented invention in the United States, by actively inducing
20 others to sell, offer to sell, make or use the patented invention in the United States, and
21 by offering to sell or selling within the United States components of a patented
22 machine, manufacture, combination or composition, or a material or apparatus for use
23 in practicing a patented process, constituting a material part of the invention, knowing
24 the same to be especially made or especially adapted for use in an infringement of
25 such patent, and not a staple article or commodity of commerce suitable for substantial
26 non-infringing use.
27

COMPLAINT FOR PATENT INFRINGEMENT Page 8 Ellis | Li | McKinstry


Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
206.682.0565 Fax: 206.625.1052
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 9 of 72

1 38. Defendants infringing acts include, but are not limited to, its making,
2 using, selling, and offering for sale (and/or inducing or contributing to the making,
3 using, selling, and offering for sale) products such as the Lane mirror and, on
4 information and belief, other products listed on its website under at least the Backlit
5 Mirrors product category (http://majesticmirror.com/product-category/backlit-
6 mirrors). On information and belief, at least that category includes products that
7 infringe the claims of the Patents-in-Suit. Defendant also induces and contributes to
8 its customers use of such products through, among other things, the drawings and/or
9 instructions it provides at (among other places) its website www.majesticmirror.com.
10 39. Defendant is not, now or at any time, licensed under the D671 patent.
11 40. Defendants acts of infringement have been, and continue to be, willful
12 and deliberate (and Defendants indirect infringement was known or so obvious it
13 should have been known) as will be shown, at least in part, by Defendants refusal to
14 discontinue infringing the D671 patent despite knowledge of that patent obtained
15 from Electric Mirrors website
16 (http://www.electricmirror.com/company/intellectual-property/) and/or from
17 Electric Mirror notifying Defendant of the patent.
18 41. Electric Mirror has been damaged by Defendants foregoing acts of
19 infringement of the D671 patent, and Electric Mirror will continue to be damaged by
20 such infringement unless enjoined by this Court. Electric Mirror is entitled to recover
21 damages adequate to compensate for the infringement under 35 U.S.C. 284 and, as
22 an additional remedy, Defendants profit pursuant to 35 U.S.C. 289.
23 COUNT V INFRINGEMENT OF THE D938 PATENT

24 42. Electric Mirror realleges and incorporates by reference paragraphs 1-9


25 above as if fully set forth herein.
26
27

COMPLAINT FOR PATENT INFRINGEMENT Page 9 Ellis | Li | McKinstry


Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
206.682.0565 Fax: 206.625.1052
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 10 of 72

1 43. On May 20, 2014, the United States Patent and Trademark Office issued
2 the D938 patent, titled Lighted Mirror. A true and correct copy of the D938 patent
3 is provided as Exhibit E.
4 44. Electric Mirror is the owner of the D938 patent by assignment.
5 45. Defendant is now, and has been, directly, contributorily and by
6 inducement, infringing the claim of the D938 patent, literally and/or under the
7 doctrine of equivalents. Defendant is violating 35 U.S.C. 271 by selling, offering to
8 sell, making or using the patented invention in the United States, by actively inducing
9 others to sell, offer to sell, make or use the patented invention in the United States, and
10 by offering to sell or selling within the United States components of a patented
11 machine, manufacture, combination or composition, or a material or apparatus for use
12 in practicing a patented process, constituting a material part of the invention, knowing
13 the same to be especially made or especially adapted for use in an infringement of
14 such patent, and not a staple article or commodity of commerce suitable for substantial
15 non-infringing use.
16 46. Defendants infringing acts include, but are not limited to, its making,
17 using, selling, and offering for sale (and/or inducing or contributing to the making,
18 using, selling, and offering for sale) products such as the Strand mirror and, on
19 information and belief, other products listed on its website under at least the Backlit
20 Mirrors product category (http://majesticmirror.com/product-category/backlit-
21 mirrors). On information and belief, at least that category includes products that
22 infringe the claims of the Patents-in-Suit. Defendant also induces and contributes to
23 its customers use of such products through, among other things, the drawings and/or
24 instructions it provides at (among other places) its website www.majesticmirror.com.
25 47. Defendant is not, and has not been at any time, licensed under the D938
26 patent.
27

COMPLAINT FOR PATENT INFRINGEMENT Page 10 Ellis | Li | McKinstry


Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
206.682.0565 Fax: 206.625.1052
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 11 of 72

1 48. Defendants acts of infringement have been, and continue to be, willful
2 and deliberate (and Defendants indirect infringement was known or so obvious it
3 should have been known) as will be shown, at least in part, by Defendants refusal to
4 discontinue infringing the D938 patent despite knowledge of that patent obtained
5 from Electric Mirrors website
6 (http://www.electricmirror.com/company/intellectual-property/) and/or from
7 Electric Mirror notifying Defendant of the patent.
8 49. Electric Mirror has been damaged by Defendants foregoing acts of
9 infringement of the D938 patent, and Electric Mirror will continue to be damaged by
10 such infringement unless enjoined by this Court. Electric Mirror is entitled to recover
11 damages adequate to compensate for the infringement under 35 U.S.C. 284 and, as
12 an additional remedy, Defendants profit pursuant to 35 U.S.C. 289.
13 JURY DEMAND

14 50. Electric Mirror demands a trial by jury.


15 PRAYER FOR RELIEF

16 WHEREFORE, Electric Mirror and Kelvin respectfully pray for a judgment against

17 Defendant:

18 A. Finding that the Patents-in-Suit have been infringed by


19 Defendant;
20 B. Finding that the infringement of the Patents-in-Suit has been
21 willful;
22 C. Permanently enjoining Defendant against further infringement of
23 the Patents- in-Suit;
24 D. Awarding Plaintiffs damages permitted by 35 U.S.C. 284,
25 including but not limited to pre-judgment interests and costs and increased damages
26 up to three times the amount of compensatory damages;
27

COMPLAINT FOR PATENT INFRINGEMENT Page 11 Ellis | Li | McKinstry


Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
206.682.0565 Fax: 206.625.1052
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 12 of 72

1 E. Awarding Electric Mirror additional remedy, permitted by 35


2 U.S.C. 289, including but not limited to Defendants profits on its products found to
3 infringe either of the Patents-in-Suit that are design patents;
4 F. Finding that this is an exceptional case and awarding Plaintiffs
5 their costs and reasonable attorneys fees incurred in this action as provided by 35
6 U.S.C. 285; and
7 G. Awarding Plaintiffs such other relief as the Court deems just and
8 equitable.
9
10 DATED this March 8, 2017

11

12 ELLIS, LI & McKINSTRY PLLC

13 By: /s/ Brock M. Hartman


14 Brock M. Hartman WSBA No. 47442
Kyle D. Netterfield WSBA No. 27101
15 2025 First Avenue PHA
16 Seattle, WA 98121
Telephone: (206) 682-0565
17 Fax: (206) 625-1052
Email: knetterfield@elmlaw.com
18

19 CAPITAL IP LAW GROUP PLLC

20 Stephen J. Rosenman SBN 338954


21 5335 Wisconsin Ave. NW, Suite 440
Washington, D.C. 20015
22 Telephone: (202) 243-0599
Fax: (202) 686-2877
23
Email: srosenman@capiplaw.com
24

25

26
27

COMPLAINT FOR PATENT INFRINGEMENT Page 12 Ellis | Li | McKinstry


Market Place Tower
2025 First Avenue, Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121-3125
206.682.0565 Fax: 206.625.1052
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 13 of 72

EXHIBIT A
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 14 of 72
US007559668B1

(12) Unlted States Patent (10) Patent N0.2 US 7,559,668 B1


Aubrey (45) Date of Patent: Jul. 14, 2009

(54) FLOATING MIRROR 2,678,252 A * 5/1954 Swearingen ........... .. 312/2235


2,791,675 A * 5/1957 Morrison ..... .. 362/128
(76) Inventor: TrumanAubrey, 1472 Beaudry Blvd., 2,876,056 A * 3/1959 Berger 312/2235
G1enda1eCAwS)91208 3,031,159 A * 4/l962 Waller .................... .. 52/544
3,038,771 A * 6/1962 Schwartz et a1. .. 312/2235

(>3) Notice: Subject


atem istoextended
any disclaimer
or ad. the
t term
d d
ofthis
35 3,757,103 A * 9/1973 Walter
ROCk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ....
. .. .. 362/2

P Jus 6 un er 4,479,172 A * 10/1984 Connor 362/492


U-S-C- 154(b)by0days~ 4,710,856 A * 12/1987 Cheung 362/492
4,884,176 A * 11/1989 Palkaet a1. . 362/135
(21) APP1-NO-I 11/197a871 5,140,506 A * 8/1992 Katz ....... .. 362/135
5,398,906 A * 3/1995 Aydelott 248/547
(22) Filedl Aug- 8, 2005 5,555,654 A * 9/1996 Hermann ................... .. 40/714
5,575,552 A * 11/1996 Faloon etal. ............. .. 362/492
(51) Int. Cl. 5,671,097 A * 9/1997 Merriweather, Jr. .. 359/871
F21S 8/00 (2006.01) 2004/0196652 A1* 10/2004 Jines et a1. ................ .. 362/140

(58) Ulsl
Field of Classi?cation
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~Search
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~.......
~~ .. 362/l35il37,

362/140, 1274129, 1324133, 260, 285, 614, GB 2256960 A : 12/1992


362/633, 634, 233,238,217,219; 248/4664467, JP 06062938 A 994
248/476, 477, 475.1, 480, 479, 473, 469, * Cited by examiner
248/488, 489, 468, 490, 497; 3120244227;
40/219 Primary ExamineriJong-Suk (James) Lee
See application ?le for complete search history. Assistant Examineriluhe A Shanenberger
(74) Attorney, Agent, or Firm4G. Donald Weber, Jr.
(56) References Cited
57 ABSTRACT
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS ( )
1 868 104 A * 7/1932 Hoegger ................... .. 359/854 An apparatus including a mirror mounted to a frame which
1930 244 A * 10/1933 Lewinsohn et a1 362/129 attaches to a p?riph?ral back lighting ass?mbly that SuPPOItS
2,313,838 A * 3/1943 Nordquist ....... . . . .. 362/140 the mlrror assembly

2,570,569 A * 10/1951 Leathorn .................. .. 362/140


2,609,485 A * 9/1952 Holley ...................... .. 362/129 21 Claims, 3 Drawing Sheets
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 15 of 72

US. Patent Jul. 14, 2009 Sheet 1 of3 US 7,559,668 B1

230E_.
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 16 of 72

US. Patent Jul. 14, 2009 Sheet 2 of3 US 7,559,668 B1

100

Figure 2

\VIwI'
|.V/!_
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 17 of 72

US. Patent Jul. 14 2009 Sheet3 0f3


Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 18 of 72

US 7,559,668 B1
1 2
FLOATING MIRROR FIG. 2 is a partially broken aWay, detailed sectional vieW of
the bottom of the support frame for the ?oating mirror appa
BACKGROUND ratus of the instant invention.
FIG. 3 is a detailed vieW of the overlapping end construc
1. Field of the Invention tion of the support frame and the overlapping ends of the light
This invention is directed to an aesthetically pleasing back sources of the ?oating mirror of the instant invention
lighting assembly used With mirrors, in general, and to a back
lighting assembly Which, in its preferred embodiment, illu DESCRIPTION OF A PREFERRED
minates the entire peripheral dimension of a mirror Which has EMBODIMENT
translucent edges, in particular. A design that illuminates only
tWo or three of the translucent edges is also envisioned. Referring noW to FIG. 1, there is shoWn an exploded vieW
2. Prior Art of the ?oating mirror assembly 10 of the instant invention.
There are many examples of illuminated mirrors in the The assembly 10 comprises a mirror 100, a mirror support
product. Most of these mirrors are illuminated by separate sheet 200, a support frame 300, a mounting plate 400 With a
lighting assemblies Which are mounted above or to the side of plurality of ?uorescent tube brackets (or socket supports)
the mirror. These knoWn assemblies are largely acceptable 305-312 and a support rack 500. Fluorescent tubes to be
and functional in most cases. HoWever, these separate assem mounted in the brackets and speci?c details of some of the
blies require additional Wall space in the installation. Also, components are omitted in this vieW.
these assemblies have limitations as to the styles of light The mirror 100 is, typically, made of a sheet of glass 102
?xtures Which can be used. Moreover, the installation of the 20 With a silvered backing. Any conventional mirror can be
requisite components poses problems in proper alignment. utiliZed. A peripheral border 103 is formed around the outer
In the past, attempts have been made to back light mirrors. edge of the glass by removing (or initially omitting) the silver
These attempts have met With limited success. For example, backing for a prescribed distance from the edge of the mirror.
the prior art units Were less than acceptable in terms of the In typical applications, the border is about 3" Wide although
amount of light provided to the mirror. Moreover, the prior art 25 this dimension is not limitative of the invention and is subject
units devices (and/or assemblies) had dark corners of the to aesthetic tastes.
mirrors Which resulted in the inadequate provision of light at The border 103 is, preferably, rendered translucent by
the mirror surface as Well as the aesthetically unpleasing sandblasting (or the like) during removal of the silver back
appearance of the back lit mirror. ing. Alternatively, the back of the glass can be acid etched or
With ?xtures using prior art, the point Where a comer 30 the like. Other methods of rendering the glass translucent are
intersects to complete the geometry of the shape, an objec contemplated.
tionable dark spot is present. Mirror support sheet 200 is a sheet of metal or other suit
To eliminate this objectionable dark spot behind the trans able material of suf?cient strength to support mirror 100
lucent area of the outer perimeter of the mirror, circular ?x thereon. As best seen in FIG. 2, the edges of the support (or
tures have previously been introduced. Those ?xtures use 35 backing) sheet 200 are bent or otherWise formed to provide a
circular ?uorescent lamps, circle-line lamps have a single strengthening edge to the sheet. In addition, the formed edges
point of electrical connection. The ?uorescent tube is formed include an appropriate lip 201 (see FIG. 2) to interlock With
into a round 360-degree ?gure. Nevertheless, even uniform ridges formed in the support frame 300 as described infra.
illumination is not achieved behind the outer perimeter of the In a preferred embodiment, the mirror 100 is attached to
translucent portion of the mirror because of a dark spot Where 40 sheet 200 by a suitable adhesive Which is represented by layer
the socket termination occurs. 202 on the surface of sheet 200. The adhesive 202 can be
applied in strips or any other suitable con?guration.
SUMMARY OF THE INSTANT INVENTION The support frame 300 is, typically, fabricated of metal
such as, but not limited to, aluminum or the like. In a preferred
This invention is a back lit mirror apparatus. The mirror 45 embodiment, as shoWn in FIG. 1, the support frame 300
comprises a piece of silvered glass (or a typical mirror) With includes horiZontal brackets 301 and 302 as Well as vertical
at least a portion of the perimeter thereof treated to remove the brackets 303 and 304. A detailed shoWing of the structure of
silver backing. Typically, the effected portion of the perimeter the bottom bracket is provided in FIG. 2. The horizontal and
of the mirror is rendered translucent to reduce glare and to vertical brackets are joined together at the ends thereof to
produce an attractive appearance. A frame for supporting the 50 form the support frame 300 Which is adapted to be attached to
glass (mirror) also supports light sources (typically ?uores mounting plate 400. In a preferred embodiment, the brackets
cent bulbs or tubes) Which are mounted so as to overlap each (or support frame sides) exhibit a re?ective ?nish such as
other at the corners of the frame in order to provide a fully glossy White paint or the like as described infra.
illuminated perimeter of the treated mirror glass. The brackets 301-304 include a re?ective shield 375 Which
The invention uses standard linear ?uorescent lamps that 55 extends outWardly therefrom (see FIG. 2). In a preferred
are in common usage and are readily available. Thus, the embodiment, each of the re?ective shields has an arcuate
length of the conventional light source can dictate the physi con?guration to impart a convex outer con?guration to the
cal dimension of a square or rectangular ?xture. Other shapes support frame.
With linear, three, six or other multi-sided con?gurations are Socket supports 305-312 are individually mounted at the
contemplated. 60 ends of the horiZontal and vertical brackets 301 through 304.
In particular, each of the individual socket supports (for
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS example socket support 305) extends outWardly beyond the
end of the respective bracket (for example, bracket 303).
FIG. 1 is an exploded vieW of one embodiment of the Thus, the respective socket supports on intersecting brackets
?oating mirror apparatus of the instant invention shoWing the 65 extend outWardly from the ends of brackets and, effectively,
general arrangement of the signi?cant components of the cross each other. HoWever, the socket supports do not extend
application. (and are not visible) beyond the edges of the mirror 100.
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US 7,559,668 B1
3 4
Thus, the light sources Which are mounted in the light tapping screW or the like. Alternatively, these components can
sockets (see FIG. 3) are positioned behind the translucent be spot Welded together or attached in any other appropriate
border 103 portion of the mirror 101 essentially from edge fashion.
to-edge. A light source socket 385 is attached to the socket support
Mounting plate 400 is, typically, a sheet of metal or other by separate screWs, bolts or in any appropriate fashion or by
suitable material of su?icient strength to support the appara screW 295. The socket 385 is conventional in the art.
tus 10. The mounting plate 400 is attached to the support A light source 395, typically a ?uorescent tube, is inserted
frame 300, for example by Welding or any other suitable into the socket 385 When the unit 10 is assembled. Light from
means.
source 395 passes through the translucent portion of mirror
100. In addition, the re?ective shield 375 re?ects light from
In the preferred embodiment, the plate 400 includes at least source 395 back through the translucent peripheral portion
one aperture 401 therethrough for mounting directly to a Wall 103 of mirror 100 Which extends beyond the bracket 302 and
or to a suitable support structure such as mounting bracket
over the light source 395 (including the respective mounting
500 described infra. HoWever, any suitable mounting tech devices). Thus, a perimeter light ring appears around the
nique and apparatus can be utiliZed. mirror 100.
A suitable support rack 500 can be mounted to the support Referring noW to FIG. 3, there is shoWn an enlarged vieW of
ing Wall by screWs, toggle bolts, molly bolts or the like. In this the ends of the horiZontal and vertical brackets 301 and 303 of
embodiment, the support rack includes three mounting hooks the support frame 300 (see FIG. 2) With the socket supports
501. The mounting plate 400 includes three apertures 401 306 and 305 mounted thereon, respectively.
Which engage the hooks 501 Wherein the apparatus 10 is 20 The socket supports 305-306 (representative of supports
adapted to be attached to the support rack 500, if desired. 305-312 in FIG. 1) are, typically, angle brackets formed of a
In a typical arrangement, the electrical connections, bal suf?ciently strong material such as aluminum or the like.
lasts and the like (represented by components 402) can be These angle brackets, like the frame members, are preferably
mounted on plate 400 Within the receptacle space 350 formed ?nished With a highly re?ective material such as an anodiZed
by the assembled brackets Which form frame 300. 25 surface or the like in order to re?ect light from the light
Referring noW to FIG. 2, there is shoWn a partially broken source.

aWay, partial cross-sectional vieW of the ?oating mirror The socket supports 305-312 each include one or more
assembly 10. As noted supra, the support frame 300 is an apertures thereon to permit attachment to the respective hori
assembly formed by joining together the ends of side brackets Zontal or vertical bracket by screWs, or the like. Of course, the
301-304 (in this rectilinear embodiment) and the mounting 30 various components may be Welded or riveted together as
plate 400. The receptacle space 350 (see FIG. 1) is, typically, shoWn by rivets 365 and 366 in FIG. 3 or may all be fabricated
rectilinear as de?ned by the frame 300. as a unitary member.
At least one of the frame brackets, e.g., bracket 302 Which A conventional socket 320 of appropriate design is
forms the bottom of the frame 300, includes a plurality of mounted on each socket support 305-312, typically, by
ledges substantially perpendicular to a main planar body 325. 35 screWs, rivets or nuts and bolts 375A and 375B to receive the
Ledges 326 and 327 are substantially parallel to each other light source Which is, typically, a conventional ?uorescent
and form a groove 365 therebetWeen along the length of the lamp 410.
frame 300. The groove 365 is adapted to receive the loWer lip The light sources 410 are seen to overlap each other at the
201 of the mirror support sheet 200 (to Which the mirror 100 respective ends thereof. These ends extend beyond the
is attached).After the loWer lip 201 of the mirror support sheet 40 respective brackets 301-304 and the respective corners Which
200 is inserted into the elongated groove 365, the mirror form the frame 300. Thus, referring to FIG. 2, the ends of the
support sheet assembly is then placed in position Within the several (typically four) ?uorescent tubes extend beyond the
?xture frame 300 and retained in position by screWs or other four corners of the frame 300. These overlapped light sources
suitable fasteners Which are applied at or through holes in the are positioned behind the translucent perimeter of the mirror
?xture frame 300, typically toWards the top of the frame but not beyond the edges of the sides of the glass of mirror
sections 303 and 304, as suggested by the screWs 357 and 358 100. This arrangement provides a continuous light pattern
shoWn in FIG. 1. around the entire perimeter of the mirror Without dark corners
and Without excessive glare from the light sources.
As seen in FIG. 2, ledge 328 extends substantially perpen
dicular to the inner surface 325 of frame section 302 and Thus, there is shoWn and described a unique design and
parallel to ledges 326 and 327. Ledge 328 is provided to
50 concept of a ?oating mirror. While this description is directed
receive and support mounting plate 400. The plate 400 can be to particular embodiments, it is understood that those skilled
in the art may conceive modi?cations and/or variations to the
attached to ledge 328 by screWs, nuts and bolts, spot Welding
or the like, as suggested by the mounting holes.
speci?c embodiments shoWn and described herein. Any such
modi?cations or variations Which Within the purvieW of this
Frame brackets 301-304 include an outer edge re?ector 55 description are intended to be included therein as Well. It is
surface 375 Which is attached to or formed With the planar understood that the description herein is intended to be illus
surface 325 to form a single frame bracket. As described trative only and is not intended to be limitative. Rather, the
supra, the surface 375 is, preferably, curved to provide the scope of the invention described herein is limited only by the
convex outer surface for frame 300. In the ?nished assembly, claims appended hereto.
the ends of brackets 301-304 are cut at an angle to provide an 60
aesthetically pleasing mitered corner as seen in FIGS. 1 and 3. The invention claimed is:
A representative socket support 310 is shoWn adjacent to 1. A lighted mirror assembly comprising,
the under surface of bracket 302 to indicate the location a frame,
thereof in the assembled unit 10. The socket support 310 can a plurality of light sources,
be a?ixed to the bracket 302 by screWs 295 Which pass 65 a plurality of sockets for receiving said light sources,
through properly siZed holes 296 and 297 through the support a plurality of socket supports for respectively supporting
310 and the bracket 302 and secured With a nut 359, a self said sockets in different planes,
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US 7,559,668 B1
5 6
each of said socket supports mounted to said frame With at 15. The assembly recited in claim 14 including,
least one end thereof extending outwardly from said socket supports attached to said frame to support sockets
frame in different planes, for said light sources.
each of said sockets respectively attached to said one end of 16. The assembly recited in claim 14 Wherein,
said socket supports such that said sockets are located in 5 said light sources comprise linear ?uorescent lamps.
different planes beyond said frame such that the ends of 17. The assembly recited in claim 14 Wherein,
said light sources supported in said sockets overlap each said frame includes at least one groove therein for receiv
in different planes other beyond said frame, and ing and securing said mirror to said frame.
a mirror mounted to and extending outWardly from the 18. The assembly recited in claim 14 including,
periphery of said frame, a support rack adapted for mounting to a separate support
at least a portion of the periphery of said mirror is translu structure to receive and support the frame of the assem
cent and extends beyond said frame and overlies said bly.
light sources and the overlapped ends thereof. 19. A mirror assembly With full peripheral back-lighting
2. The assembly recited in claim 1 including, comprising,
a mounting means mounted to said frame in order to sup a frame,
port the assembly. a plurality of socket support means
3. The assembly recited in claim 2 including, mounted to said frame in spaced apart relationship With
electrical components mounted to said mounting means to portions thereof extending outWardly from said frame in
control the operation of said light sources. different planes,
4. The assembly recited in claim 1 Wherein, 20 sockets for mounting light sources,
said frame includes support means for supporting said each of said sockets respectively attached to said portions
mirror thereon. of said socket support means such that light sources
5. The assembly recited in claim 4 including, mounted in said sockets extend outWardly from the
a support sheet attached a rear surface of said mirror for frame such that ends of adjacent light sources overlap
mounting said support means of said mirror to said 25 each other in different planes,
frame. a mirror mounted to said frame and extending outWardly
6. The assembly recited in claim 1 Wherein, from the periphery thereof,
said frame comprises a plurality of side members Which are a support sheet attached to said mirror for supporting said
joined together at the ends thereof. mirror,
7. The assembly recited in claim 2 including, 30 said frame includes a plurality of substantially parallel
a support rack engaging said mounting means for selec ledges Which form at least one groove therebetWeen to
tively mounting said assembly to a support structure. receive a portion of said support sheet and said mirror,
8. The assembly recited in claim 1 Wherein, a translucent band included at the entire periphery of said
said light sources comprise ?uorescent light tubes. mirror,
9. The assembly recited in claim 1 including, 35 a support rack adapted to be mounted on an external sup
re?ective shields extending outWardly from said frame to port structure for mounting said assembly to the support
re?ect light from said light sources through said portion structure, and
of said mirror Which is translucent. re?ective shields extending outWardly from said frame and
10. The assembly recited in claim 9 Wherein, mounted to re?ect light from light sources mounted in
said re?ective shields are arcuate in con?guration. 40 said sockets through said translucent band at the periph
11. The assembly recited in claim 9 Wherein, ery of said mirror.
said frame and said re?ective shields are fabricated With a 20. A back lit mirror assembly comprising,
re?ective material. a mirror comprising a sheet of silvered glass,
12. The assembly recited in claim 5 including, a peripheral band of said mirror Which is translucent,
adhesive means for attaching said mirror to said support 45 a support sheet attached to the rear surface of said mirror,
sheet. a frame comprising a plurality of side members Which are
13. The assembly recited in claim 5 Wherein, joined together at ends thereof,
said support means of said frame includes a plurality of a plurality of socket supports mounted to and extending
substantially parallel ledges on a surface thereof Which outWardly from each of the side members of said frame
ledges form at least one groove therebetWeen, 50 adjacent the ends of the side members such that the outer
said grove is adapted to receive a portion of said support ends of said socket supports on adjacent side members
means. overlie each other,
14. A back lit mirror assembly comprising, a plurality of light sockets respectively attached to said
a mirror comprising a piece of silvered glass With a periph outer ends of said socket supports such that said light
eral border portion thereof Which has been treated to 55 sockets extend beyond the side members of said frame
render the peripheral border portion translucent, and overlie each other in different planes,
a frame for supporting said mirror, said mirror mounted to and extending outWardly from the
a plurality of light source support means mounted to and periphery of said frame,
extending beyond the perimeter of said frame in a spaced a plurality of elongated light sources,
apart planes, and 60 said light sources are mounted in said light sockets such
a plurality of elongated light sources Which are mounted that ends of adjacent said light sources overlap each
respectively to said light source support means so as to other in different planes at external corners of said frame
extend beyond the perimeter of said frame in different behind said peripheral band of said mirror in order to
planes thereby to overlap each other beyond corners of provide a fully illuminated perimeter of said mirror,
said frame and behind the peripheral border portion of 65 support means on one of said side members of said frame
said mirror in order to provide a fully illuminated perim for supporting said mirror and said support sheet
eter of said mirror. thereon,
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US 7,559,668 B1
7 8
a support rack adapted to be mounted on a separate support 21. The assembly recited in claim 20 Wherein,
structure for mounting said assembly to the support a plurality of substantially parallel ledges at one of the sides
structure, and of said frame Which ledges form at lest one groove
therebetWeen to receive a portion of said support sheet
re?ective shields extending outwardly from said frame and
and said mirror.
mounted to re?ect light through said peripheral band
portion of said mirror Which is translucent.
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EXHIBIT B
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US007805260B2

(12) Umted States Patent (10) Patent N0.: US 7,805,260 B2


Mischel, Jr. et al. (45) Date of Patent: Sep. 28, 2010

(54) MIRROR ASSEMBLY 3,757,103 A 9/1973 Walter


4,922,384 A 5/1990 Torrence
(75) Inventors: James V. Mischel, Jr., Seattle, WA (US);
James V. Mischel, Sr., Lynnwood, WA 5575552 A 11/1996 Faloon
(Us) 5,592,240 A * 1/1997 Sakamoto et a1. ......... .. 348/807
D433,573 s 11/2000 Rochon
(73) Assigneei Electric Mirror, LLC, Everett, WA (US) 6,709,114 B1* 3/2004 Duggan et a1. .............. .. 353/74
. . . . . 6,833,880 B1 * 12/2004 Ch ........................ .. 348/787
(*) Not1ce: Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this en
patent is extended or adjusted under 35
U.S.C. 154(b) by 19 days.
(21) Appl. N0.: 12/047,243 (Commued)
OTHER PUBLICATIONS
(22) Filed: Mar. 12, 2008
ACQUA, ASCOLightscouk, <http://web.archive.0rg/web/
(65) PFiOI Publication Data 20040603034329/www.asc0lights.c0.uldBathroomimirrorshtmlZ
Us 2008/0212218 A1 Sep. 4, 2008 as early as J 2004'

Related US. Application Data (Commued)


(63) Continuation-in-part of application No. 11/563,119, Primary Examinericarol Tsai _
?led on NOV_ 24, 2006' (74) Attorney, Agent, or FzrmiPeloquln, PLLC; Mark S.
Pelo uin, Es .
(60) Provisional application No. 60/794,209, ?led on Apr. q q
21, 2006, provisional application No. 60/739,399, (57) ABSTRACT
?led on Nov. 23, 2005, provisional application No.
60/739,156, ?led on Nov. 23, 2005.
(51) I t Cl A mirror assembly mountable to a wall is provided. The
Gn0'2B /1 82 (2006 01) mirror assembly includes a mirror platform having a front
' surface and a rear surface, and a chassis mountable to the
(52) us 3'1082/g4346_336529//8833gf mirrorplatform.At least one electrical componentis disposed
359/460 40/219_ 40/714 between the mirror platform and the chassis. An electrical
(58) Field of Classi?cation Search 559/839 passageway is formed within the chassis for allowing the
359/871 460 141 308 electrical component to be placed into communication with a
362/25 135 129 83 1 120, 5487795 744 power source located remotely from the mirror assembly. A
348/3791 13390237. 40/219 714 recess is also formed within the chassis for housing a connec
See application ?le for completse searchhistory tion between the power source and the electrical component
such that the chassis can be mounted substantially ?ush
(56) References Clted against the wall when the electrical component is electrically
US. PATENT DOCUMENTS connected to the power source.

1,138,552 A 5/1915 Goddard


3,038,771 A 6/ 1962 Schwartz 20 Claims, 14 Drawing Sheets
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 24 of 72

US 7,805,260 B2
Page 2

Us. PATENT DOCUMENTS IMA89 Mirror Light, TheLightingSuperStore.co.ul<, <http://Web.


petaboxbibalex.org/Web/20050203025240/IMA89 Mirror Light,
6,921,174 B1* 7/2005 Duggan et al. .............. .. 353/74 TheLightingSuperStore.co.uk, <http://Web.petaboX.bibalexorg/
7,012,727 B2* 3/2006 HutZelet al. 359/265 Web/20050203025240/thelightingsuperstore.co.uldcategory.
7,287,737 B2* 10/2007 Rossi .................... .. 248/475.1
asp?catcode:84>, as early as 2005.
2005/0005494 A1 1/2005 Way
2006/0150462 A1* 7/2006 Rossi ........................ .. 40/700 Masterpiece, ElectricMirror.com, <http://Web.archive.org/Web/
2007/0046841 A1* 3/ 2007 Jacobsmeyer et al. . 348/836 20030831074237/http://WWW.electricmirrorcom/Images/
2007/0159316 A1* 7/2007 Mischel et al. ..... .. 340/461 Lighting%20Stations/MasterpieceSpeci?cation.pdf>, as early as
2007/0201132 A1* 8/2007 Cannon et al. 359/460 Aug. 2003.
OTHER PUBLICATIONS
Momentum, ElectricMirrorcom, <http://Web.archive.org/Web/
20030822110335/WWW.electricmirror.com/Images/
Circular Inspiration, ElectricMirror.com, <http://Web.archive.org/ Lighting+Stations/Momentum+Speci?cation.pdf>, as early as Aug.
Web/20040107191514/WWW.electricmirrorcom/Images/ 2003.
Lighting+Stations/Circular+Inspiration+Speci?cation.pdf>, as early Radiance, ElectricMirrorcom, <http://Web.archive.org/Web/
as Aug. 2003. 20030813193138/WWW.electricmirror.com/Images/
Fusion, ElectricMirror.com, <http://Web.archive.org/Web/ Lighting+Stations/Radiance+Speci?cation.pdf>, as early as Aug.
20030828072111/http://WWW.electricmirror.com/Images/ 2003.
Lighting%20Stations/Fusion%20Speci?cation.pdf>, as early as
Aug. 2003. * cited by examiner
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US. Patent Sep. 28, 2010 Sheet 1 0f 14 US 7,805,260 B2

Fig.1.
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US. Patent Sep. 28, 2010 Sheet 2 0f 14 US 7,805,260 B2


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US. Patent Sep. 28, 2010 Sheet 3 0f 14 US 7,805,260 B2


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US. Patent Sep. 28, 2010 Sheet 4 0f 14 US 7,805,260 B2

NM

.wMQ
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US. Patent Sep. 28, 2010 Sheet 5 0f 14 US 7,805,260 B2

a.

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w.

$6gm
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 30 of 72

US. Patent Sep. 28, 2010 Sheet 6 0f 14 US 7,805,260 B2

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US. Patent Sep. 28, 2010 Sheet 8 0f 14 US 7,805,260 B2

(PRIOR ART)
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US. Patent Sep. 28, 2010 Sheet 9 0f 14 US 7,805,260 B2

1134

Fig. 10.
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US. Patent Sep. 28, 2010 Sheet 10 0f 14 US 7,805,260 B2


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US. Patent Sep. 28, 2010 Sheet 11 0f 14 US 7,805,260 B2


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US. Patent Sep. 28, 2010 Sheet 12 0f 14 US 7,805,260 B2

Fig. 13.
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US. Patent Sep. 28, 2010 Sheet 13 0f 14 US 7,805,260 B2


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US. Patent Sep. 28, 2010 Sheet 14 0f 14 US 7,805,260 B2

Fig.15.
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US 7,805,260 B2
1 2
MIRROR ASSEMBLY SUMMARY

CROSS-REFERENCES TO RELATED A mirror assembly mountable to a Wall is provided. The


APPLICATIONS mirror assembly includes a mirror platform having a front
surface and a rear surface, and a chassis mountable to the
This application is a continuation-in-part of prior US. mirrorplatform. At least one electrical component is disposed
patent application Ser. No. 11/563,119, ?led Nov. 24, 2006, betWeen the mirror platform and the chassis. An electrical
Which claims the bene?t of US. Provisional Application No. passageWay is formed Within the chassis for alloWing the
60/794,209, ?ledApr. 21, 2006; US. Provisional Application electrical component to be placed into communication With a
No. 60/739,399, ?led Nov. 23, 2005; and US. Provisional poWer source located remotely from the mirror assembly. A
Application No. 60/739,156, ?led Nov. 23, 2005, the disclo recess is also formed Within the chassis for housing a connec
sures of Which are all expressly incorporated herein by refer tion betWeen the poWer source and the electrical component
ence. such that the chassis can be mounted substantially ?ush
against the Wall When the electrical component is electrically
BACKGROUND connected to the poWer source.
This summary is provided to introduce a selection of con
Currently available mirror and television devices typically cepts in a simpli?ed form that are further described beloW in
include a television mounted to the back of a mirror. This the Detailed Description. This summary is not intended to
arrangement is a convenient space saving device as it embeds identify key features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it
a television in the existing space occupied by a mirror. The 20 intended to be used as an aid in determining the scope of the
mirror assembly normally includes a mirror reversibly a?ixed claimed subject matter.
to a chassis, Wherein the chassis is suitably designed to be
mounted to a Wall. Although available, these devices typically DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
suffer from either poor transmissivity or re?ectivity.
The transmissivity and re?ectivity of a mirror are roughly 25 The foregoing aspects and many of the attendant advan
inversely related. That is, a mirror With high transmissivity tages of the present disclosure Will become more readily
generally has loW re?ectivity, and a mirror With high re?ec appreciated by reference to the folloWing detailed descrip
tivity generally has loW transmissivity. As a result, a mirror tion, When taken in conjunction With the accompanying draW
With high transmissivity Will alloW more light from a televi ings, Wherein:
sion located behind the mirror to pass through the mirror, 30
FIG. 1 is an isometric vieW of a representative mirror/
resulting in better vieWing of the image displayed on the
media display device assembly constructed in accordance
television. However, such a mirror Will also have a relatively
With one embodiment of the present disclosure;
loW re?ectivity, resulting in a loWer quality re?ection in the
mirror. FIG. 2 is an exploded front isometric vieW of the mirror/
In addition to the presenting the dif?culty of balancing 35
media display device assembly of FIG. 1;
television image quality With the re?ection quality, current FIG. 3 is an exploded rear isometric vieW of the mirror/
mirror/television combinations do not provide additional media display device assembly of FIG. 1;
sources of illumination, such as back lighting. This results in FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional vieW of the mirror/media display
the need for separate light ?xtures in addition to the mirror/ device assembly of FIG. 1 constructed in accordance With a
television combination, Which can cause additional installa 40 ?rst embodiment of the present disclosure;
tion costs and unsightly clutter. FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional vieW of a mirror/media display
The television and light sources, as Well as their corre device assembly constructed in accordance With a second
sponding electrical components (such as one or more ballasts, embodiment of the present disclosure;
terminal blocks, poWer covers, and associated Wiring) are FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional vieW of a mirror/media display
enclosed Within the mirror assembly. PoWer is typically sup 45 device assembly constructed in accordance With a third
plied to the electrical components by passing a poWer cable embodiment of the present disclosure;
through an opening in the chassis. The poWer cable may be FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional vieW of a mirror/media display
either hard Wired to the building Wiring, or the poWer cable device assembly constructed in accordance With a fourth
may instead include a plug that is receivable Within a pre embodiment of the present disclosure;
existing electrical outlet. 50 FIG. 8 is an isometric vieW of a previously knoWn media
To connect the components to the electrical Wiring of a display device With an external poWer adapter; and
building, and particularly a commercial building, it is nor
FIG. 9 is an isometric vieW of the media display device of
mally required that an electrician install the mirror so that it is
a mirror/media display device assembly, shoWing the media
done according to the National Electrical Code. This can
display device having poWer adapter constructed in accor
signi?cantly add to the cost of installing the mirror, especially 55
dance With one embodiment of the present disclosure;
When a large number of mirrors are being installed in a build
ing, such as in a hotel. FIG. 10 is an exploded isometric vieW of a mirror/media
Pre-installing a poWer cord on the mirror that plugs directly display device assembly constructed in accordance With a
into an electrical outlet is certainly less expensive than hard ?fth embodiment of the present disclosure;
Wiring the components to the building Wiring; hoWever, the 60 FIG. 11 is a partial cross-sectional vieW of the mirror/
outlet must normally be recessed such that the poWer plug media display device assembly of FIG. 10;
does not interfere With the mirror When the mirror is mounted FIG. 12 is a partial cross-sectional vieW of the mirror/
to the Wall. media display device assembly of FIG. 10, Wherein the mir
Thus, it is desired to have a mirror assembly having elec ror/media display device assembly is shoWn assembled;
trical components that can be placed into electrical commu 65 FIG. 13 is an exploded isometric vieW of a mirror/media
nication With an existing electrical outlet Without interfering display device assembly constructed in accordance With a
With the mirror assembly. sixth embodiment of the present disclosure;
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US 7,805,260 B2
3 4
FIG. 14 is a partial cross-sectional vieW of the mirror/ the media display device 120 aligns With the media display
media display device assembly of FIG. 13, Wherein the mir device vieWing area 128 of the mirror platform 102. The term
ror/media display device assembly is shown assembled; and media display device should be understood to include any
FIG. 15 is an exploded isometric vieW of a mirror/media media display device suitable for receiving television signals,
display device assembly constructed in accordance With a computer signals, VGA connections, digital signals, etc., and
seventh embodiment of the present disclosure. displaying a corresponding image.
The media display device 120 includes a Well-knoWn indi
DETAILED DESCRIPTION cator light 136 and infrared sensor 138. The indicator light
136 provides a signal indicating Whether the media display
A mirror/media display device assembly 100 constructed device is poWered on or poWered off. The infrared sensor
in accordance With one embodiment of the present disclosure 138 provides a remote communication port With the media
may be best understood by referring to FIGS. 1-4. The mirror/ display device 120. The indicator light 136 and infrared sen
media display device assembly 100 includes a framed or sor 138 are suitably located on a forWard face of the media
frameless mirror platform 102 attached to a chassis 140. The display device housing.
mirror platform 102 includes a substantially re?ective surface When the media display device is installed, the infrared
132, one or more translucent back lit portions 130, and a sensor 138 and indicator light 136 each aligns With a part the
media display device viewing portion 128, through Which a mirror platform 102 having little or no re?ectivity. The
media display device 120 located behind the mirror platform reduced re?ectivity makes the indicator light more readily
102 can be vieWed. The chassis 140 includes edge sections visible from the front side of the mirror platform 102 and also
142 arranged to form a perimeter (i.e., periphery) of the 20 alloWs the infrared signal from a remote control to pass
chassis 140. The edge sections 142 include one or more through the mirror platform 102.
apertures 148. Although the chassis 140 is described as In one embodiment, the media display device 120 is
including apertures 148, it shouldbe apparent that chassis 140 attached to the mirror/media display device assembly 100 by
Without apertures 148 are also Within the scope of the present a suitably shaped and con?gured mounting bracket (not
disclosure. Light emanating from the assembly 100 is illus 25 shoWn). The media display device 120 can be attached to the
trated schematically by reference numeral 134. mounting bracket With removable fasteners, such as screWs
The one or more back lit portions 130 located on the mirror and magnets. The mounting bracket is open on one side,
platform 102 have substantially no re?ectivity (e.g., frosted typically the top or bottom so that it does not interfere With
glass, acid etched glass or clear glass). These back lit portions audio/video connections of the media display device 120.
130 are translucent, alloWing light emitted from one or more 30 One version of the mounting bracket alloWs the media display
light sources 122 disposed Within the mirror/media display device 120 to slide in from the bottom and snap into place
device assembly 100 to pass through the mirror platform 102. Without being mechanically fastened.
The number, con?guration, and arrangement of back lit por For circumstances in Which the mirror/media display
tions 130 can be varied to achieve different lighting effects. device assembly 100 cannot be easily removed from a Wall,
As a non-limiting example, the back lit portion 130 is con 35 an access area (not shoWn) can be provided through the bot
?gured as a single, continuous portion extending around the tom of the chassis 140. The access area alloWs a user to reach
perimeter of the mirror platform 102. up behind the mirror platform 102 and remove the media
Light radiated from the light source 122 radiates through display device 120 for repair or replacement. In a like manner,
the plurality of apertures 148 to illuminate the surroundings the media display device 120 can be easily remounted
of the mirror/media display device assembly 100. Illuminat 40 through the access area.
ing the surroundings, such as the Wall on Which the mirror/ Referring to FIG. 2, the chassis 140 includes a central
media display device assembly 100 is mounted, creates a opening 166 siZed for a direct connection of an external
back lighting effect. The number and location of the apertures electrical cable 160 to a terminal block 158 Which, in turn, is
can be varied to achieve the desired visual atmosphere. For in electrical communication With an electrical ballast 156.
example, each side of the chassis includes a single aperture 45 The connection at the terminal block 158 is covered With a
that extends along the length of the side of the chassis. In metal box to provide an isolated electrical connection and
another embodiment, the chassis includes a single aperture thereby eliminate the need for an external electrical box. A
that extends along the length of the loWer edge of the chassis, further opening or openings are provided to accommodate a
illuminating a sink or countertop above Which the mirror/ poWer receptacle and audio and video connections. As an
media display device assembly 100 is mounted. 50 alternative electrical connection the lighting components
The apertures 148 of the chassis 140 can be optionally could be plugged into a receptacle. The chassis 140 is suitably
covered by a transparent or translucent material (e. g., a plastic manufactured from a variety of materials including, metal,
strip). In addition to helping to prevent dirt and moisture from Wood, ?berglass, and various polymers. Polymers and other
entering the mirror/media display device assembly 100, the materials can optionally be transparent or translucent.
material can be colored so that light radiated through the 55 As best seen in FIG. 3, the mirror platform 102 includes a
apertures 148 creates a desired visual effect. rear surface 126 having ?anges 152. The ?anges 152 include
In another embodiment, back lighting is provided by radi slots for receiving hanging pins 154, Which are attached to a
ating light through the back lit portions 130 of the mirror the back surface 146 of the chassis 140 (see FIG. 2), to
platform 102. As noted above, the back lit portions 130 removably couple the mirror platform to the chassis 140. It
include translucent areas having substantially no re?ectivity 60 should be appreciated that the mirror platform can be coupled
or could be partially re?ective. The loW re?ectivity alloWs to the chassis through any of a variety of suitable methods,
light from the light source 122 to pass through the mirror, including temporary fasteners, permanent fasteners, adhe
illuminating the back lit portions 130 of the mirror platform sives, etc.
102. The number and shape of the back lit portions 130 can be FIG. 4 illustrates a mirror/media display device assembly
varied to provide desired visual effects. 65 100 having a mirror platform 400 constructed in accordance
The media display device 120 is mounted Within the mir With one embodiment of the present disclosure. The mirror
ror/media display device assembly 100 so that the screen of platform 400 includes a glass layer 404, a re?ective layer 406,
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 41 of 72

US 7,805,260 B2
5 6
and backing layer 408. For ease of description and clarity, ing area, the ?rst back lit portion 430 can be formed by the
such a mirror platform 400 is referred to as a transmissive selective application of the backing layer 408, during Which
mirror. the backing layer 408 is not applied to the ?rst back lit portion,
The transmissive mirror includes a front surface 424 and a or the selective removal of the re?ective backing after it has
rear surface 426. The re?ective layer 406 provides a partial been applied to the ?rst back lit portion. The backing layer
re?ectivity to the transmissive mirror and is suitably formed 408 may be removed from the ?rst back lit portion by any
by a re?ective ?lm, a sputter coating, or any other type of suitable method, including acid etching, and an acid dip prior
suitable re?ective material. The re?ective layer 406 is both to Which areas of the re?ective backing that are to remain are
re?ective and transmissive. While the re?ective layer 406 is masked. A ?lm simulating a frosted effect may be placed on
shoWn on the rear surface 426 of the transmissive mirror, it the backside of re?ective layer 406.
can also be located on the front surface 424 or both the front When light from a light source 422 is irradiated on the rear
and rear surfaces 424 and 426 of the transmissive mirror. The surface of the mirror platform 400, the portions of the trans
transmissive mirror is partially transmissive, preferably hav missive mirror to Which the backing layer 408 has been
ing a transmissivity of about 50%, although mirrors having applied to re?ect the light back from the rear surface 426 of
transmissivity betWeen about 30% and about 70% are Within the transmissive mirror and consequently, substantially none
the scope of this embodiment. of the light passes through the transmissive mirror to illumi
Still referring to FIG. 4, the backing layer 408 is selectively nate the front surface 424 mirror platform 400. In contrast,
disposed on the rear surface 426 of the transmissive mirror. When light from the light source 422 strikes a portion of the
The backing layer 408 increases the re?ectivity of the mirror transmissive mirror Without backing layer 408, at least part of
platform 400 in areas to Which it is applied. Because of the 20 the light travels through the transmissive mirror, thereby illu
increased re?ectivity, these areas provide a better re?ection, minating the back lit portion 430 of the mirror platform 400.
Which is closer to that of a standard mirror, than do the When the light source 422 is in an off state, the back lit
portions of the transmissive mirror to Which the re?ective portion 430 reverts back to having the re?ectivity of a stan
backing is not applied. dard mirror.
The backing layer 408 is not applied to the transmissive 25 A second back lit portion 432 is provided on the mirror
mirror in the media display device vieWing area 428. As a platform 400. The second back lit portion 432 is similar to the
result, While the media display device vieWing area 428 has ?rst back lit portion 43 0 except that, in addition to the backing
some re?ectivity due to the re?ectivity of the transmissive layer 408, some or all of the re?ective layer 406 of the trans
mirror, the media display device vieWing area 428 has less missive mirror is also removed in the area of the second back
re?ectivity than the areas of the transmissive mirror to Which 30
lit portion 432. Consequently, When light from the light
the backing layer 408 has been applied. The reduced re?ec source 422 is irradiated onto the rear surface 426 of the mirror
tivity in the media display device vieWing area 428 causes less platform 400 at a second back lit portion 432, at least some of
glare and consequently results in a clearer vieW of the images the light is transmitted through the transmissive mirror to
displayed on the media display device. illuminate the front surface of the mirror platform 400 at the
It should be appreciated, hoWever, that When the media 35 second back lit portion 432.
display device 120 is turned off, the substantially black media Further, because at least some of the re?ective layer 406 of
display device screen located behind the media display device
the transmissive mirror has been removed, a greater percent
vieWing area 428 Will change the light ratio betWeen the front age of light from the light source 422 Will pass through the
and back of the mirror; thereby, alloWing transmissive mirror second back lit portion 432 than Will pass through the ?rst
to operate at its maximum re?ectivity. Accordingly, the 40
back lit portion 430. It should be appreciated that any suitable
re?ection from the media display device vieWing area 428
Will more closely match that of the rest of the transmissive
number of back lit portions, such as three, four, ?ve, six, etc.,
can be formed on the platform assembly 400 and, therefore,
mirror, causing the media display device vieWing area 428 to are also Within the scope of the present disclosure.
blend in With the rest of the transmissive mirror.
The backing layer 408 is suitably formed from a re?ective 45
The re?ective layer 406 and the backing layer 408 may be
?lm, sputter coating, silvering, or any other material that removed from the second back lit portion by any suitable
enhances re?ectivity When applied to a surface 426. Depend method, including sand blasting, acid etching, and an acid
ing on the material used, a variety of suitable techniques can dip. Areas of the re?ective layer 406 and backing layer 408
be used to selectively apply the re?ective backing, including that are to remain are masked prior to removal treatment.
masking areas in Which the re?ective backing is not to be 50
Sandblasting, is particularly effective for providing a
applied, using computer controlled applicators, or applying frosted effect in the back lit portion 432. A protective coat
the backing to the entire transmissive mirror and then selec ing may be applied to the sand blasted areas of the glass to
alloW the sand blasted areas to be more easily cleaned and
tively removing it.
The transmissive mirror also includes ?rst and second back prohibit staining from ?nger prints, dirt, etc. This could occur
lit portions 430 and 432. The back lit portions 430 and 432 are 55
for sand blasting on the front or back surface of the mirror.
suitably formed on the transmissive mirror by different meth In addition, the resist used to mask off the mirror for sand
ods. As previously described, the back lit portions are at least blasting may also be used as a safety back material. Typically,
partially translucent, having loWer re?ectivity and/or higher the resist is removed from the mirror after it has been sand
transmissivity than the rest of the transmissive mirror. blasted. In this case the resist Would be left on and act as a
Accordingly, back lit portions 430 and 432 can be formed by 60 safety backing. The resist may be laid on the back of the
decreasing the re?ectivity of the back lit portion relative to the mirror and cut by a laser or other method or may be plotted
rest of the transmissive mirror. and then placed on the back of the mirror.
A ?rst back lit portion 430 formed on the mirror platform Areas of the backing layer 408 and/ or the re?ective layer
400 is similar in construction to the media display device 406 of the transmissive mirror can also be selectively
vieWing area 428. The ?rst back lit portion 430 is de?ned by 65 removed to provide areas of loWer re?ectivity to accommo
an area Where the backing layer 408 is not present. As previ date an indicator light 136 or an infrared sensor 138 (see FIG.
ously discussed With regard to the media display device vieW 1).
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US 7,805,260 B2
7 8
FIG. 5 illustrates a mirror/media display device assembly previously disclosed, are also Within the scope of the present
100 having a mirror platform 500 constructed in accordance disclosure to form back lit portions. A clear backing ?lm may
With a second embodiment of the present disclosure. The be added to the back side of the mirror to create safety mirror
mirror platform 500 is substantially identical in construction, While at the same time alloWing for light and display image to
material and operation as the mirror platform 400 described shine through.
above With the following exceptions. FIG. 6 illustrates a mirror/media display device assembly
The mirror platform 500 includes a glass layer 504 and a 100 having a mirror platform 600 constructed in accordance
backing layer 506, and also includes a front surface 524 and With yet another embodiment of the present disclosure. The
a rear surface 526. The rear surface 526 of the backing layer mirror platform 600 is substantially identical in construction,
506 is typically painted With a protective paint. For ease of material and operation as the mirror platforms described
description and clarity, the mirror platform 500 is referred to above With the folloWing exceptions.
as a standard mirror. The mirror platform 600 includes a glass layer 604 and a
The standard mirror provides substantially no transmissiv re?ective layer 606. The re?ective layer 606 is selectively
ity, While re?ecting almost all incident light. Commercially removed from the rear surface 626 of the mirror platform 600
available standard mirrors, Which are suitable for use With this to form a media display device vieWing area 628. Light emit
embodiment, typically have a re?ectivity of about 98%, ted from the media display device 620 passes through the
Which provides a very good re?ection in the mirror portion of front surface 624 of the glass layer 604, making the images
the mirror platform 500. HoWever, it should be appreciated from the media display device 620 visible from the front
that a mirror having a loWer re?ectivity than a standard mirror surface of the mirror platform 600.
can be used Within the scope of this embodiment. Further, 20 The mirrorplatform 600 also includes a polariZed ?lm 632.
While a standard mirror usually has a backing layer 506 The polariZed ?lm 632 is disposed betWeen the media display
located on the rear surface 526 of the mirror, a standard mirror device 620 and the glass layer 604. The media display device
With a re?ective material located on the front surface 524 of 620 emits polarized light, approximately 100% of Which is
the mirror can also be used. selectively alloWed to pass through the polariZed ?lm 632.
The mirror platform 500 also includes a media display 25 One example of suitable media display device is an LCD
device vieWing area 528. The media display device vieWing media display device, Which is knoWn to emit polariZed light.
area 528 is formed by an area that has been made non-re?ec The light passes through the polariZed ?lm 632 and the glass
tive by selectively removing the backing layer 506 from the layer 604, alloWing the media display device images to be
glass layer 504. A preferred method for selectively removing vieWed from the front of the mirror platform 600.
the re?ective backing includes isolating the area by applying 30 The polariZed ?lm 632 is re?ective When the media display
tape, printed ink or a similar item to the back of the standard device is off, resulting in an increased re?ectivity in the media
mirror around the area from Which the re?ective backing is to display device viewing area. As a result, the media display
be removed. Paint remover or a similar solvent is then applied device vieWing area 628 of the mirror platform 600 blends
to the rear surface 528, and paint is removed With a scraping into the surrounding mirror, making it less noticeable When
device such as a raZor blade. 35 the media display device is in an off state.
The area is then Washed With Water or other suitable mate The polariZed ?lm 632 is preferably attached directly to the
rial to remove the paint and expose the backing layer 506 of glass layer 604 of the mirror platform 600. Attaching the
the standard mirror. A sharp instrument is used to de?ne the polariZed ?lm 632 in this manner places the ?lm in substan
outerperimeter of the media display device vieWing area 528, tially the same plane as the backing layer 606, thereby mini
and an etching solution, such as Ferric chloride (FEC13), 40 miZing the difference betWeen the appearance of the standard
printed circuit board etching solution, or a similar material is mirror portion and the media display device vieWing portion.
applied to the exposed backing layer 506. After the solution Alternately, the polariZed ?lm 632 can be mounted on a
sits for a suitable length of time, the solution is Wiped aWay, separate piece of glass, Which is then disposed betWeen the
Which removes the backing layer 506, leaving only the glass media display device 620 and the glass layer 604. As an
layer 504. In an alternative embodiment, the media display 45 alternative to the polarized ?lm 632, a transmissive mirror
device vieWing area 528 is masked off on a piece of glass, and may be used.
backing layer 506 is added to the glass layer 504. The mirror platform 600 may also include one or more
After the backing layer 506 has been removed, the media back lit portions 630. The back lit portions 630 are at least
display device vieWing area 528 is close to 100% transmis partially translucent and can be formed using any previously
sive. Accordingly, When the media display device 520 is 50 disclosed method suitable for forming the back lit portions
aligned With the media display device vieWing area 528, the 530.
light from the media display device is transmitted through the FIG. 7 illustrates a mirror/media display device assembly
glass layer 504 With minimal loss, making the images on the 100 having a mirror platform 700 constructed in accordance
media display device screen readily visible from the front of With still yet another embodiment of the present disclosure.
the mirror platform 500. 55 The mirror platform 700 is substantially identical in construc
In addition to the media display device vieWing area 528, tion, material and operation as the mirror platforms described
the backing layer 506 can also be removed from locations on above With the folloWing exceptions.
the mirror platform 500 corresponding to an indicator light The mirror platform 700 includes a glass layer 704 and a
136 or an infrared sensor 138 (see FIG. 1). re?ective layer 706. The mirror platform 700 also includes a
A back lit portion 530 of the mirror platform 500 alloWs 60 front surface 724 and a rear surface 726. The re?ective layer
light from a light source 522 located behind the rear surface 706, Which is not completely opaque, is a?ixed to one or both
526 to pass through to illuminate a portion of the front surface sides of the glass layer 704. The re?ective layer 706 gives the
524 of the mirror platform 500. Back lit portions 530 are at mirror platform 700 a high re?ectivity. In addition, the re?ec
least partially translucent and can be formed using the same tive coating imparts a loW transmissivity, typically in the
processes employed to create the media display device vieW 65 range of about 10% to about 25%.
ing area 528. Alternately, sand blasting, chemical etching, The media display device 720 is a high brightness media
dipping in a chemical bath, or treatment in any other manner display device, having a brightness in the range of about 500
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EXHIBIT C
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US007853414B2

(12) United States Patent (10) Patent N0.: US 7,853,414 B2


Mischel, Jr. et al. (45) Date of Patent: Dec. 14, 2010

(54) MOUNTING STRUCTURE FOR A MIRROR (56) References Cited


ASSEMBLY
U.S. PATENT DOCUMENTS

(75) Inventors: James V. Mischel, Jr., Seattle, WA (US); 1,138,552 A 5/1915 Goddard
Patrick Erickson, Seattle, WA (U S) D85,163 S 9/1931 Cook
D114,451 S 4/1939 Lazarus
(73) Assignee: Electric Mirror, LLC, Everett, WA (US) D184,436 S 2/1959 Haycraft
3,038,771 A 6/1962 Schwartz
(*) Notice: Subject to any disclaimer, the term of this
3,757,103 A 9/1973 Walter
patent is extended or adjusted under 35
U.S.C. 154(b) by 0 days. 4,003,271 A 1/1977 Stelma

(21) Appl. N0.: 12/425,186


(22) Filed: Apr. 16, 2009 (Continued)
OTHER PUBLICATIONS
(65) Prior Publication Data
US 2009/0257140 A1 Oct. 15, 2009
ACQUA, ASCOLights.co.u1<, <http://Web.archive.org/Web/
20040603034329/WWW.ascolights.co.u1dBathroomimirrors.html>,
as early as Jun. 2004.
Related US. Application Data
(63) Continuation-in-part of application No. 12/047,243, (Continued)
?led on Mar. 12, 2003, Which is a continuation-in-part Primary ExamineriCarol S Tsai
ofapplication No. 11/563,119, ?led on Nov. 24, 2006. (74) Attorney, Agent, or FirmiPeloquin, PLLC; Mark S.
Provisional application No. 60/794,209, ?led on Apr.
Peloquin, Esq
(60)
21, 2006, provisional application No. 60/739,399, (57) ABSTRACT
?led on Nov. 23, 2005, provisional application No.
60/739,156, ?led on Nov. 23, 2005, provisional appli
cation No. 61/045,529, ?led on Apr. 16, 2008. A mirror assembly mountable to a Wall includes a mirror
platform having a front surface and a rear surface, a chassis
(51) Int. Cl. engageable With the mirror platform to de?ne a mirror assem
G02B 7/182 (2006.01) bly interior, at least one electrical component disposed Within
(52) US. Cl. ...................... .. 702/44; 362/83.1; 362/135; the mirror assembly interior, and a mounting structure. The
362/140; 348/826; 348/836; 359/839; 359/871; mounting structure includes a support member mounted to
359/460; 40/219; 40/714 one of the rear surface of the mirror platform and the chassis
(58) Field of Classi?cation Search ................. .. 702/44; and a hanger member mounted to the other of the rear surface
359/839, 871, 460; 362/492, 611, 2, 141, of the mirror platform and the chassis. The hanger member is
362/308, 245, 135, 129, 83.1, 140; 348/795, removably securable on the support member to mount the
348/744, 791, E9.027, E5.128, E5.132; 361/679.05; mirror platform to the chassis.
40/219, 714
See application ?le for complete search history. 20 Claims, 9 Drawing Sheets
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US 7,853,414 B2
Page 2

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7,287,737 10/2007 Rossi .................... .. 248/4751
Steel Pleasure E101, ElectricMirror.com, <http://Web.archive.org/
2001/0038505 11/2001 Yamashita Web/20030805153142/http://WWW.electricmirror.com/>, as early as
2002/0015226 2/2002 Rottcher Aug. 2003.
2002/0196333 12/2002 Gorischek Steel Pleasure E201, ElectricMirror.com, <http://Web.archive.org/
2003/0030063 2/2003 Sosniak Web/20030805153142/http://WWW.electricmirror.com/>, as early as
2005/0005494 1/2005 Way Aug. 2003.
2005/0185278 8/2005 Horsten
Steel Pleasure E301, ElectricMirror.com, <http://Web.archive.org/
Web/20030805153142/http://WWW.electricmirror.com/>, as early as
2005/0281043 12/2005 Eisenbraun Aug. 2003.
2006/0150462 7/2006 Rossi ........................ .. 40/700 Trinity, ElectricMirror.com, <http://Web.archive.org/Web/
2007/0046841 3/2007 Jacobsmeyer et al. ..... .. 348/836 20030805153142/http://WWW.electricmirror.com/>, as early as Aug.
2007/0091223 4/2007 Maruta et al. ............... .. 349/58 2003.
2007/0159316 7/2007 Mischel et al. ............ .. 340/461 * cited by examiner
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US. Patent Dec. 14, 2010 Sheet 1 of9 US 7,853,414 B2


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US. Patent Dec. 14, 2010 Sheet 7 of9 US 7,853,414 B2

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US 7,853,414 B2
1 2
MOUNTING STRUCTURE FOR A MIRROR removably securable on the support member to mount the
ASSEMBLY mirror platform to the chassis.
This summary is provided to introduce a selection of con
CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED cepts in a simpli?ed form that are further described beloW in
APPLICATIONS the Detailed Description. This summary is not intended to
identify key features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it
This application is a continuation-in-part of US. patent intended to be used as an aid in determining the scope of the
application Ser. No. No. 12/047,243, ?led Mar. 12, 2008, claimed subject matter.
Which is a continuation-in-part of prior US. patent applica
tion Ser. No. 11/563,119, ?led Nov. 24, 2006, Which claims DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
the bene?t of US. Provisional Application No. 60/794,209,
?led Apr. 21, 2006; US. Provisional Application No. 60/ 739, The foregoing aspects and many of the attendant advan
399, ?led Nov. 23, 2005; and US. Provisional Application tages of the present disclosure Will become more readily
No. 60/739,156, ?led Nov. 23, 2005, the disclosures ofWhich appreciated by reference to the folloWing detailed descrip
are all expressly incorporated herein by reference. This appli tion, When taken in conjunction With the accompanying draW
cation also claims the bene?t of US. Provisional Application ings, Wherein:
No. 61/045,529, ?led on Apr. 16, 2008. FIG. 1 is a mirror assembly having a internal mounting
structure constructed in accordance With one embodiment of
BACKGROUND the present disclosure;
20 FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional side planar vieW of a ?rst portion
Certain mirror assemblies include integrated electrical of the internal mounting structure of FIG. 1;
components, such as televisions, light sources, defogger FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional side planar vieW of a second
assemblies, etc. The mirror assembly normally includes a portion of the internal mounting structure of FIG. 1;
mirror reversibly af?xed to a chassis, Wherein the chassis is FIG. 4 is a mirror assembly having a internal mounting
suitably designed to be mounted to a Wall. The electrical 25 structure constructed in accordance With an alternate embodi
components are either secured Within the chassis or mounted ment of the present disclosure;
to the back of the mirror. This arrangement is a convenient FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional side planar vieW of a ?rst portion
space saving device as it embeds the electrical components of the internal mounting structure of FIG. 4;
into the existing space occupied by a mirror. FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional side planar vieW of a second
The mirror is typically secured to the chassis through a 30 portion of the internal mounting structure of FIG. 4;
plurality of mounting brackets disposed on the outer edge of FIG. 7 is a mirror assembly having a internal mounting
the chassis. The mounting brackets are adapted to engage a structure constructed in accordance With another embodi
portion of the mirror, such as the mirror frame. The mounting ment of the present disclosure;
brackets are permanently or semi-permanently secured to the FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional side planar vieW of a ?rst portion
mirror frame With fasteners, adhesive, etc. 35 of the internal mounting structure of FIG. 7; and
Mounting the mirror to the chassis in this manner has FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional side planar vieW of a second
several draWbacks. For instance, it is often dif?cult to prop portion the internal mounting structure of FIG. 7.
erly align the mirror on the chassis When securing the mount
ing brackets thereto. This can lead to increased installation DETAILED DESCRIPTION
time and costs. The exposed mounting brackets are also 40
unsightly to someone looking at the mirror assembly from the A mirror assembly 10 having an internal mounting struc
side. ture 12 constructed in accordance With one embodiment of
Moreover, permanently or semi-permanently securing the the present disclosure may be best understood by referring to
mounting brackets betWeen the chassis and mirror causes FIG. 1. Although the internal mounting structure 12 may be
problems When mounting the mirror assembly to the Wall and 45 used With any suitable mirror assembly, an exemplary
When disassembling the mirror. To mount the mirror assem embodiment of the mirror assembly 10 includes a chassis 18
bly to the Wall, the chassis must ?rst be secured to the mirror, and a framed or frameless mirror platform 14, Wherein the
and the mirror assembly is thereafter secured to the Wall W. internal mounting structure 12 secures the mirror platform 14
Securing the entire mirror assembly to the Wall is cumber to the chassis 18.
some and dif?cult. Moreover, to disassemble the mirror 50 The mirror platform 14 includes a ?rst substantially re?ec
assembly, the entire mirror assembly must be removed from tive surface 22, a second non-re?ective, rear surface 24 (see
the Wall. FIGS. 2 and 3), and one or more translucent back lit portions
Thus, it is desired to have a mirror mounting assembly that 26. The one or more translucent back lit portions 26 have
alloWs the mirror to be secured to the chassis in an easy, minimal re?ectivity, and are formed from any suitable mate
aesthetically pleasing, reliable manner. 55 rial, such as frosted glass, acid etched glass, or clear glass.
The translucent back lit portions 26 alloW light emitted from
SUMMARY one or more light sources 34 disposed Within the chassis 18 to
pass through the mirror platform 14. The number, con?gura
A mirror assembly mountable to a Wall includes a mirror tion, and arrangements of translucent back lit portions 26 can
platform having a front surface and a rear surface, a chassis 60 be varied to achieve different lighting effects. As a non
engageable With the mirror platform to de?ne a mirror assem limiting example, the translucent back lit portions 26 are
bly interior, at least one electrical component disposed Within con?gured as a single, continuous portion extending around
the mirror assembly interior, and a mounting structure. The the perimeter of the mirror platform 14.
mounting structure includes a support member mounted to The chassis 18 is adapted to engage the mirror platform 14
one of the rear surface of the mirror platform and the chassis 65 and mount the mirror platform 14 to a Wall W. The chassis 18
and a hanger member mounted to the other of the rear surface also houses any mirror electrical components, such as the
of the mirror platform and the chassis. The hanger member is light sources 34, electrical ballasts 36, and a poWer cover 38
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US 7,853,414 B2
3 4
for a terminal box (not shown). Although the chassis 18 may therefrom. The ?rst support bracket 70 is secured to a top
be any suitable design that can properly support the mirror portion of the chassis major surface 28 With the second leg 74
electrical components and mount the mirror platform 14 to a positioned in a substantially horizontal manner and the ?rst
Wall W, an exemplary embodiment of the chassis 18 includes leg 72 extending doWnWardly from the second leg 74.
a major surface 28 that is substantially sized and shaped to The ?rst support bracket 70 includes ?rst and second pro
correspond to the mirror platform 14, Which may be rectan trusions, or posts 76 and 78 extending outWardly and
gular, round, oval, or any other suitable shape. The major upWardly from the second leg 74. The ?rst and second posts
surface 28 is positionable in a parallel relationship to the 76 and 78 are positioned near each end of the second leg 74 to
mirror platform 14 When the chassis 18 is engaged With the ?t Within the ?rst and second slots 62 and 64 formed Within
mirror platform 14. the ?rst hanger bracket 42.
The electrical components, such as the light sources 34, The second support bracket 80 is de?ned by an L-shaped
electrical ballasts 36, and poWer cover 38 are preferably lamp bracket 40 having a ?rst leg 82 secured to the chassis
secured to the chassis major surface 28 in any suitable man major surface 28 in any suitable manner, such as With adhe
ner. For instance, the light sources 34 may be secured around sive, and a second leg 84 extending outWardly and substan
the perimeter of the major surface 28 through a plurality of tially transversely therefrom. The second support bracket 80
L-shaped lamp brackets 40. The lamp brackets 40 are secured is secured to a bottom portion of the chassis major surface 28
to the chassis major surface 28 With any suitable fastener, With the second leg 84 positioned in a substantially horizontal
such as screWs or an adhesive. The electrical ballasts 36 and manner and the ?rst leg 82 extending upWardly from the
poWer cover 38 are secured directly to the chassis major second leg 84. The second support bracket 80 includes a
surface 28 With suitable fasteners such as screWs, adhesive, 20 protrusion, or post 86 extending upWardly from substantially
etc. the center of the second leg 84 that is adapted to ?t Within the
The chassis 18 further includes an outer edge section 30 opening 66 formed in the second hanger bracket 46.
extending around the perimeter of the chassis major surface The ?rst and second hanger brackets 42 and 46 are secured
28. The outer edge section 30 extends a predetermined dis
to the mirror rear surface 24 such that they are disposed Within
tance from the chassis major surface 28 in a substantially 25
the mirror assembly interior When the mirror platform 14 is
transverse manner. When the chassis 18 is mounted to the
secured to the chassis 18. LikeWise, the ?rst and second
mirrorplatform 14, the outer edge section 30 extends betWeen support brackets 70 and 80 are secured to the chassis 18 such
the chassis major surface 28 and the mirror rear surface 24 to
that they are disposed Within the mirror assembly interior
enclose any electrical components mounted Within the chas When the mirror platform 14 is secured to the chassis 18. In
sis 18 and de?ne a mirror assembly interior. It should be 30
this manner, When the ?rst and second hanger brackets 42 and
appreciated that the outer edge section 30 may include aper 46 are secured to the ?rst and second support brackets 70 and
tures (not shown) such that light radiating from the light 80, as Will be described beloW, the brackets 42, 46, 70, and 80
sources 34 radiates through the plurality of apertures to illu
are not exposed, thereby creating an aesthetically pleasing
minate the surroundings of the mirror assembly 10. mirror assembly 10.
Referring still to FIG. 1, the internal mounting structure 12 35
adapted to secure the mirror platform 14 to the chassis 18 Will Referring to FIGS. 1-3, the manner in Which the internal
noW be described in detail. The internal mounting structure 12 mounting structure 12 is used to secure the mirror platform 14
includes ?rst and second hanger members, or ?rst and second to the chassis 18 Will be hereinafter described. Preferably, the
chassis 18 is ?rst secured to a Wall W in any suitable manner
hanger brackets 42 and 46 that are preferably L-shaped. The
?rst hanger bracket 42 includes a ?rst leg 50 secured to the 40
such that the outer edge section 30 extends outWardly from
mirror rear surface 24 in any suitable manner, such as With the Wall W. Moreover, the chassis 18 is positioned on the Wall
adhesive, and a second leg 52 extending outWardly and sub W such that the ?rst support bracket 70 is positioned above
stantially transversely therefrom. LikeWise, the second the second support bracket 80, and both the ?rst and second
hanger bracket 46 includes a ?rst leg 56 secured to the mirror support brackets 70 and 80 are positioned substantially hori
zontally on the Wall W.
rear surface 24 in any suitable manner, such as With adhesive, 45
and a second leg 58 extending outWardly and substantially The mirror platform 14 is then positioned substantially
transversely therefrom. parallel to the major surface 28 of the chassis 18, With the ?rst
The ?rst hanger bracket 42 is secured to an upper portion of and second hanger brackets 42 and 46 positioned slightly
the mirror platform 14 With the second leg positioned in a above the ?rst and second support brackets 70 and 80. More
substantially horizontal manner and the ?rst leg 50 extending 50 speci?cally, the second leg 52 of the ?rst hanger bracket 42 is
doWnWardly from the second leg 52. The second hanger positioned above the second leg 74 of the ?rst support bracket
bracket 46 secured to a bottom portion of the mirror platform 70, and the second leg 58 of the second hanger bracket 46 is
14 With the second leg 58 positioned in a substantially hori positioned slightly above the second leg 84 of the second
zontal manner and the ?rst leg 56 extending upWardly from support bracket 80.
the second leg 58. 55 The mirror platform 14 is then moved toWards the chassis
The ?rst hanger bracket 42 includes ?rst and second open 18 until the ?rst and second slots 62 and 64 of the ?rst hanger
ings or slots 62 and 64 formed in the second leg 52. The ?rst bracket 42 are positioned above the ?rst and second posts 76
slot 62 is formed near one end of the second leg 52, and the and 78 of the ?rst support bracket 70 (only the ?rst slot 62 and
second slot 64 is formed at the opposite end of the second leg ?rst post 76 are shoWn in FIG. 2 for clarity). Moreover, the
52. The second hanger bracket 46 also includes an opening or 60 slot 66 of the second hanger bracket 46 is positioned above the
slot 66 formed in substantially the center of the second leg 58. post 86 of the second support bracket 80. The mirror platform
The internal mounting structure 12 further includes ?rst 14 is then loWered until the second leg 52 of the ?rst hanger
and second support members, or support brackets 70 and 80 bracket 42 engages second leg 74 of the ?rst support bracket
that are also preferably L-shaped. The ?rst support bracket 70 70, and the second leg 58 of the second hanger bracket 46
includes a ?rst leg 72 secured to the chassis major surface 28 65 engages the second leg 84 of the second support bracket 80.
in any suitable manner, such as With adhesive, and a second Moreover, the posts 76, 78, and 86 are received Within slots
leg 74 extending outWardly and substantially transversely 62, 64, and 66, respectively.
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US 7,853,414 B2
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With the ?rst and second hanger brackets 42 and 46 resting 118 is mounted to the mirror platform 114, the inner edge
on the ?rst and second support brackets 70 and 80, the mirror section 142 extends almost entirely betWeen the chassis
platform 14 is secured on the chassis 18. Moreover, Withposts major surface 128 and the non-re?ective surface 124 of the
76, 78, and 86 received Within slots 62, 64, and 66, the ?rst mirror platform 114.
and second hanger brackets 42 and 46 are prevented from The inner edge section 142 de?nes upper and loWer inner
sliding off the ?rst and second support brackets 70 and 80. edge sections 144 and 146 that are formed near the top and
Furthermore, the third and fourth brackets 70 are positioned bottom of the chassis 118, respectively, and positioned sub
in the chassis 118 such that When the posts 76, 78, and 86 of stantially parallel to one another. The upper and loWer inner
the ?rst and second hanger brackets 42 and 46 are received edge sections 144 and 146 act as ?rst and second support
Within slots 62, 64, and 66, the mirror platform 14 is aligned members adapted to receive the ?rst, second, and third brack
With the chassis 18. More speci?cally, the mirror platform 14 ets 162, 164, and 166 thereon. First and second posts 156 and
is positioned against the chassis 18 such that the outer edges 158 extend upWardly and substantially transversely from the
of the mirror platform 14 substantially align the outer edges of loWer inner edge section 146 (see also FIG. 6).
the chassis 18. HoWever, it should be appreciate that if the The chassis 118 further includes a ?ange section 160 that
mirror platform 14 and chassis 18 Were not substantially extends outWardly and substantially transversely from the
similar in shape and siZe, the mirror platform 14 may instead inner edge section 142 aWay from opening 140. As such, the
be positioned on the chassis 18 in any other suitable manner. ?ange section 160 is substantially parallel to the chassis
To disassemble the mirror assembly 10, the mirror plat major surface 128. The ?ange section 160 de?nes upper and
form 14 is lifted until the posts 76, 78, and 86 of the ?rst and loWer ?anges 148 and 150 on the upper and loWer inner edge
second hanger brackets 42 and 46 are no longer received 20 sections 144 and 146. First and second protrusions, or tabs
Within slots 62, 64, and 66. The mirror platform 14 is there 152 and 154 extend upWardly from the upper ?ange 148 in the
after moved aWay from the chassis 18. Thus, the mirror same plane as the upper ?ange 148.
assembly 10 can be both assembled and disassembled in an
The internal mounting structure 112 further includes ?rst,
easy manner.
second, and third hanger members, or hanger brackets 162,
Referring to FIG. 4, a ?rst alternate embodiment of a mirror 25
164, and 166. The ?rst hanger bracket 162 includes a mount
assembly 110 having an internal mounting structure 112 (see ing portion 170 and a lip portion 172 formed along a top edge
FIGS. 5 and 6) includes a framed or frameless mirror platform of the mounting portion 170. The mounting portion 170 is
114 and a chassis 118. The mirrorplatform 118 includes a ?rst
secured to an upper portion of the mirror rear surface 124 in
substantially re?ective surface 122, a second non-re?ective, a substantially horiZontal manner With any suitable means,
rear surface 124 (see FIGS. 5 and 6), and one or more trans 30
such as With an adhesive. The lip portion 172 is adapted to ?t
lucent back lit portions 126, similar to mirror platform 14. over the upper ?ange 148 of the chassis 18 and secure the
The mirror assembly 110 may include several electrical mirror platform 14 to the chassis 18. The lip portion 172 also
components disposed betWeen the mirror platform 114 and includes ?rst and second openings or slots 172 and 176 that
the chassis 118. For instance, the mirror assembly 110 may are adapted to receive the ?rst and second tabs 152 and 154 of
include a plurality of light sources 134 and electrical ballasts 35
the chassis therein for aligning the mirror platform 114 on the
136 received Within the chassis 118. Furthermore, a media chassis 118 as described above With respect to mirror assem
display device 138 and mirror defogger devices 132 may be bly 10.
secured to the mirror rear surface 124 of the mirror platform
114. The electrical components may be secured to the chassis The second and third hanger brackets 164 and 166 are each
118 and mirror platform 114 in any suitable manner, such as 40
preferably L-shaped. The second hanger bracket 164 includes
a ?rst leg 180 secured to the mirror rear surface 124 in any
With brackets, fasteners, adhesive, etc.
The chassis 118 is adapted to engage the mirror platform suitable manner, such as With adhesive, and a second leg 182
114 and secure the mirror platform 114 to a Wall W. The extending outWardly and substantially transversely there
chassis 118 includes a major surface 128 that is substantially from. LikeWise, the third hanger bracket 166 includes a ?rst
siZed and shaped to correspond to the mirror platform 114. 45
leg 184 secured to the mirror rear surface 124 in any suitable
The major surface 128 is positionable in a substantially par manner and a second leg 186 extending outWardly and sub
allel relationship to the mirror platform 114 When the chassis stantially transversely therefrom. The second hanger bracket
118 is engaged With the mirror platform 114. The chassis 164 includes an opening or slot 188 formed in its second leg
includes an outer edge section 130 that extends outWardly 182, and the third hanger bracket 166 includes an opening or
from the major surface 128 in a substantially transverse man 50
slot 190 formed in its second leg 186.
ner around the perimeter of the chassis major surface 128. The The second hanger bracket 164 is secured to a bottom
outer edge section 130 extends a predetermined distance such portion of the mirror platform 114 on one side of the mirror
that When the chassis 118 is mounted to the mirror platform platform 114 With the second leg 182 positioned in a substan
114, the outer edge section 130 extends betWeen the chassis tially horiZontal manner and the ?rst leg 180 extending
major surface 128 and the mirror rear surface 124 to de?ne a 55 upWardly from the second leg 182. The third hanger bracket
mirror assembly interior and enclose any electrical compo 166 is secured to a bottom portion of the mirror platform 114
nents therein. on a second side of the mirror platform 114 With the second
Referring still to FIG. 4, the internal mounting structure leg 186 positioned in a substantially horizontal manner and
112 Will noW be described in detail. The internal mounting the ?rst leg 184 extending upWardly from the second leg 186.
structure 112 is de?ned in part by the chassis 118. The chassis 60 Referring to FIGS. 4-6, the manner in Which the internal
118 includes an opening 140 formed in the chassis major mounting structure 112 is used to secure the mirror platform
surface 128 that is preferably the same shape as the major 114 to the chassis 118 Will be hereinafter described. Prefer
surface 128, such as rectangular. An outWardly extending ably, the chassis 118 is ?rst secured to a Wall W in any suitable
member, or inner edge section 142 extends from the major manner such that the edge section 130 extends outWardly
surface 128 in a substantially transverse manner around the 65 from the Wall W and the upper and loWer inner edge sections
perimeter of the opening 140. The inner edge section 142 144 and 146 are positioned substantially horiZontally on the
extends a predetermined distance such that When the chassis Wall W.
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US 7,853,414 B2
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The mirror platform 114 is then positioned substantially include a plurality of light sources 234, at least one electrical
parallel to the chassis major surface 128, With the ?rst hanger ballast 236, and a poWer cover 238 for a terminal box (not
bracket 162 positioned slightly above the upper inner edge shoWn). The electrical components are preferably secured to
section 144 and the second and third brackets 164 and 166 a portion of the chassis 218 in any suitable manner, such as
positioned slightly above the loWer inner edge section 146. With a plurality of brackets, fasteners, adhesive, etc.
More speci?cally, the lip portion 172 of the ?rst hanger The chassis 218 is adapted to engage the mirror platform
bracket 162 is positioned above the upper ?ange 148, and the 214 and secure the mirror platform 214 to a Wall W. The
second legs 182 and 186 of the second and third brackets 164 chassis 218 includes a major surface 228 that is substantially
and 166 are positioned above the loWer inner edge section sized and shaped to correspond to the mirror platform 214.
146. The major surface 228 is positionable in a substantially par
The mirror platform 114 is then moved toWards the chassis allel relationship to the mirror platform 214 When the chassis
118 until the ?rst and second slots 174 and 176 of the ?rst 218 is engaged With the mirror platform 214. The chassis 218
hanger bracket 162 are positioned above the ?rst and second includes an outer edge section 230 that extends outWardly
tabs 152 and 154 formed on the upper ?ange 148. Moreover, from the major surface 228 in a substantially transverse man
the slot 188 and 190 of the second and third brackets 164 and ner around the perimeter of the chassis major surface 228.
166 are positioned above the ?rst and second posts 156 and When the chassis 218 is mounted to the mirror platform 214,
158 on the loWer inner edge section 146. The mirror platform the outer edge section 230 extends betWeen the chassis major
114 is then loWered until the lip portion 172 of the ?rst hanger surface 218 and the mirror rear surface 224 to enclose any
bracket 162 is received on the upper ?ange 148, and the electrical components and de?ne and mirror assembly inte
second legs 182 and 186 of the second and third brackets 164 20 nor.
and 166 engage the loWer inner edge section 146 of the Referring still to FIG. 7, the internal mounting structure
chassis 118. Moreover, the tabs 152 and 154 are received 212 Will noW be described in detail. The internal mounting
Within the slots 174 and 176 of the ?rst hanger bracket 162, structure 212 includes ?rst and second hanger members or
and the posts 156 and 158 are received Within the slots 188 ?rst and second hanger brackets 242 and 246 that are prefer
and 190 of the second and third brackets 164 and 166. 25 ably L-shaped. The ?rst hanger bracket 242 includes a ?rst leg
With the ?rst hanger bracket 162 hanging on the upper 250 secured to the mirror rear surface 224 in any suitable
?ange 148 and the second and third brackets 164 and 166 manner, such as With adhesive, and a second leg 252 extend
resting on the loWer inner ?ange section 146, the mirror ing outWardly and substantially transversely therefrom. Like
platform 114 is secured on the chassis 118. Moreover, With Wise, the second hanger bracket 246 includes a ?rst leg 256
tabs 152 and 154 received Within slots 174 and 176 of the ?rst 30 secured to the mirror rear surface 224 in any suitable manner,
hanger bracket 162, and posts 156 and 158 received Within such as With adhesive, and a second leg 258 extending out
slots 188 and 190 of the second and third brackets 164 and Wardly and substantially transversely therefrom.
166, the ?rst, second, and third brackets 162, 164, and 166 are The ?rst hanger bracket 242 includes ?rst and second open
prevented from sliding off the upper ?ange 148 and the loWer ings or slots 260 and 262 formed in the second leg 252. The
inner edge section 146. 35 ?rst slot 260 is formed near one end of the second leg 252, and
Moreover, the tabs 152 and 154 and slots 174 and 176 are the second slot 262 is formed at the opposite end of the second
positioned on the chassis 118 such that When the tabs 152 and leg 252. The second hanger bracket 246 also includes ?rst and
154 are received Within the slots 174 and 176 of the ?rst second openings or slots 264 and 266 formed in the second
hanger bracket 162, and the posts 156 and 158 are received leg 258. The ?rst and second slots 264 and 266 formed in the
Within the slots 188 and 190 of the second and third brackets 40 second leg 258 of the second hanger bracket 246 are formed
164 and 166, the mirror platform 114 is aligned With the on opposite ends of the second leg 258.
chassis 118 as described above With respect to mirror assem The ?rst hanger bracket 242 is secured to an upper portion
bly 10. Moreover, With the ?rst, second, and third hanger of the mirror platform 214 With the second leg 252 positioned
brackets 1 62, 1 64, and 1 66 positioned to engage the upper and in a substantially horizontal manner and the ?rst leg 250
loWer inner edge sections 144 and 146 de?ned on the interior 45 extending doWnWardly from the second leg 252. The second
of the chassis, the components of the internal mounting struc hanger bracket 246 is secured to a bottom portion of the
ture 12 are disposed Within the mirror assembly interior When mirror platform 214 With the second leg 258 positioned in a
the mirror platform 114 is secured to the chassis 18. substantially horizontal manner the ?rst leg 256 extending
To disassemble the mirror assembly 110, the mirror plat doWnWardly from the second leg 258.
form 114 is lifted until the tabs 152 and 154 are no longer 50 The internal mounting structure 212 further includes ?rst,
received Within slots 174 and 176 of the ?rst hanger bracket second, third, and fourth support members, or hooks 268,
162 and the posts 156 and 158 are no longer received Within 270, 272, and 274 secured to the chassis major surface 228
the slots 188 and 190 of the second and third brackets 164 and and extending outWardly therefrom. The hooks 268, 270, 272,
166. The mirror platform 114 is thereafter moved aWay from and 274 are positioned on the chassis major surface 228 such
the chassis 118. Thus, the mirror assembly 110 can be both 55 that each hook is located near a corner of the chassis major
assembled and disassembled in an easy manner. surface 228. Moreover, the ?rst and second hooks 268 and
Referring to FIG. 7, a second alternate embodiment of the 270 are located in substantially the same ?rst horizontal
mirror assembly 210 having an internal mounting structure plane, and the third and fourth hooks 272 and 274 are located
212 (see FIGS. 8 and 9) includes a framed or frameless mirror in substantially the same second horizontal plane.
platform 214 and a chassis 218. The mirror platform 214 60 FIGS. 8 and 9 depict the ?rst and third hooks 268 and 272
includes a ?rst substantially re?ective surface 222, a second having a horizontal portion 276 extending substantially trans
nonre?ective, rear surface 224 (see FIGS. 8 and 9), and one or versely and outWardly from the chassis major surface 228 and
more translucent backlit portions 226, similar to mirror plat a vertical portion 278 extending upWardly and substantially
forms 14 and 114. transversely from the end of the horizontal portion 276. The
The mirror assembly 210 may include several electrical 65 second and fourth hooks 270 and 274 includes similar hori
components disposed betWeen the mirror platform 214 and zontal and vertical portions. The vertical portion 278 of the
the chassis 218. For instance, the mirror assembly 210 may ?rst and second hooks 268 and 270 are receivable Within the
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US 7,853,414 B2
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?rst and second slots 260 and 262 of the ?rst hanger bracket (a) a mirror platform having a front surface and a rear
242. Similarly, the vertical portion 278 of the third and fourth surface;
hooks 272 and 274 are receivable Within the ?rst and second (b) a chassis engageable With the mirror platform to de?ne
slots 264 and 266 of the second hanger bracket 246. a mirror assembly interior, the chassis is mountable to
Referring to FIGS. 7-9, the manner in Which the internal the Wall;
mounting structure 212 is used to secure the mirror platform (c) at least one electrical component disposed Within the
214 to the chassis 218 Will be hereinafter described. Prefer mirror assembly interior;
ably, the chassis 218 is ?rst secured to a Wall W in any suitable (d) a mounting structure disposed Within the mirror assem
manner such that the outer edge section 230 extends out bly interior, comprising:
Wardly from the Wall W. Moreover, chassis 218 is positioned (i) a support member mounted to one of the rear surface
on the Wall W such that the ?rst and second hooks 268 and 270 of the mirror platform and the chassis; and
are positioned above the third and fourth hooks 272 and 274. (ii) a hanger member mounted to the other of the rear
The mirror platform 214 is then positioned substantially surface of the mirror platform and the chassis,
parallel to the chassis major surface 228, With the ?rst hanger Wherein the hanger member is removably securable
bracket 242 positioned slightly above the ?rst and second on the support member to mount the mirror platform
hooks 268 and 270, and the second hanger bracket 246 posi to the chassis in alignment When the mirror platform
tioned slightly above the third and fourth hooks 272 and 274. is secured to the chassis.
More speci?cally, the second leg 252 of the ?rst hanger 2. The mirror assembly of claim 1, the mounting structure
bracket 242 is positioned above the ?rst and second hooks further comprising a protrusion formed on the support mem
268 and 270, and the second leg 258 of the second hanger 20 ber and an opening formed on the hanger member, the open
bracket 246 is positioned slightly above the third and fourth ing shaped and siZed to receive the protrusion.
hooks 272 and 274. 3. The mirror assembly of claim 2, Wherein the protrusion
The mirror platform 214 is then moved toWard the chassis is de?ned by a post extending upWardly from the support
218 until the ?rst and second slots 260 and 262 of the ?rst member.
hanger bracket 242 are positioned above the vertical portions 25
4. The mirror assembly of claim 2, Wherein the protrusion
278 of the ?rst and second hooks 268 and 270. The ?rst and is de?ned by a tab extending upWardly from the support
second slots 264 and 266 of the second hanger bracket 246 are member.
also positioned above the vertical portions 278 of the third 5. The mirror assembly of claim 2, Wherein the protrusion
and fourth hooks 272 and 274. The mirror platform 214 is is adapted to secure the hanger member on the support mem
then loWered until the vertical portions 278 of the ?rst, sec 30
ber.
ond, third, and fourth hooks 268, 270, 272, and 274 are 6. The mirror assembly of claim 2, Wherein the protrusion
received Within slots 260, 262, 264, and 266, respectively. As is positioned on the support member such that the mirror
such, the ?rst and second hanger brackets 242 and 246 are platform is aligned on the chassis When the protrusion is
hung on hooks 268, 270, 272, and 274, thereby securing the received Within the opening in the hanger member.
mirror platform 214 on the chassis 218. 7. The mirror assembly of claim 1, Wherein the support
The ?rst, second, third, and fourth hooks 268, 270, 272, and member is de?ned by at least one hook.
274 are positioned on the chassis major surface 228 such that 8. The mirror assembly of claim 1, Wherein the hanger
the ?rst and second hanger brackets 242 and 246, and there member is de?ned by a ?rst L-shaped bracket, and the support
fore the mirror platform 214, are aligned on the chassis 218 member is de?ned by a second L-shaped bracket.
When the hooks 268, 270, 272, and 274 are received Within the 40
9. The mirror assembly of claim 1, Wherein the hanger
slots 260, 262, 264, and 266. Moreover, the hooks 268, 270, member is de?ned by a bracket having a lip portion, and the
272, and 274 are positioned on the chassis 218, and the ?rst support member is de?ned by a outWardly extending member
and second hanger brackets 242 and 246 are positioned on the
of the chassis having a ?ange section.
mirror rear surface 224 such that the hooks 268, 270, 272, and
274 and brackets 242 and 246 are disposed Within the mirror 45 10. The mirror assembly of claim 1, Wherein the ?ange
section of the outWardly extending member is receivable
assembly interior. Within the lip portion of the bracket.
To disassemble the mirror assembly 210, the mirror plat 11. A mounting structure for a mirror assembly having a
form 214 is lifted until the hooks 268, 270, 272, and 274 are
mirror platform With a mirror front surface and a mirror rear
no longer received Within slots 260, 262, 264, and 266 of the
?rst and second hanger brackets 242 and 246. The mirror 50 surface, a chassis, a mirror assembly interior de?ned betWeen
the mirror platform and the chassis, and at least one electrical
platform 214 is thereafter moved aWay from the chassis 218.
Thus, the mirror assembly 210 can be both assembled and
component disposed Within the mirror assembly interior, the
disassembled in an easy manner.
mounting structure comprising:
(a) a support member mountable to one of the rear surface
While illustrative embodiments have been illustrated and
described, it Will be appreciated that various changes can be 55 of the mirror platform and the chassis;
(b) a hanger member mountable to the other of the rear
made therein Without departing from the spirit and scope of
the present disclosure. For instance, it should be appreciated surface of the mirror platform and the chassis, Wherein
the hanger member is removably securable on the sup
that any of the above mirror assemblies 10, 110, and 210 may
be suitably used With any of the internal mounting structures port member to mount the mirror plkform to the chassis;
12, 112, and 212 described above. Thus, the foregoing 60 (c) a protrusion extending upWardly from the support
description should be seen as descriptive and not limiting the member, and
claimed subject matter. (d) an opening formed on the hanger member, the opening
shaped and siZed to receive the protrusion.
The embodiments of the present disclosure in Which an 12. The mounting structure of claim 11, Wherein the sup
property or privilage is claimed are de?ned as folloWs: 65 port member and the hanger member are disposed Within the
1. A mirror assembly mountable to a Wall, the mirror mirror assembly interior When the mirror platform is mounted
assembly comprising: to the chassis.
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 63 of 72

US 7,853,414 B2
11 12
13. The mounting structure of claim 11, wherein the pro 17. The mounting structure of claim 11, wherein the hanger
trusion is de?ned by a post extending upwardly from the member is de?ned by a ?rst L-shaped bracket, and the support
support member. member is de?ned by a second L-shaped bracket.
14. The mounting structure of claim 11, wherein the pro 18. The internal mounting structure of claim 11, wherein
trusion is de?ned by a tab extending upwardly from the sup the hanger member is de?ned by a bracket having a lip por
port member. tion, and the support member is de?ned by a outwardly
extending member of the chassis having a ?ange section.
15. The mounting structure of claim 11, wherein the pro
19. The internal mounting structure of claim 11, wherein
trusion is adapted to secure the ?rst hanger member on the
the ?ange section of the outwardly extending member is
support member.
receivable within the lip portion of the bracket.
16. The mounting structure of claim 11, wherein the pro 20. The internal mounting structure of claim 11, wherein
trusion is positioned on the support member such that the the support member is de?ned by at least one hook.
mirror platform is aligned on the chassis when the protrusion
is received within the opening in the hanger member. * * * * *
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 64 of 72

EXHIBIT D
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 65 of 72
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 66 of 72
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 67 of 72
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 68 of 72

EXHIBIT E
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 69 of 72
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 70 of 72
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 71 of 72
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Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1-1 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 1 of 1
AO 120 (Rev. 08/10)

Mail Stop 8 REPORT ON THE


TO:
Director of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office FILING OR DETERMINATION OF AN
P.O. Box 1450 ACTION REGARDING A PATENT OR
Alexandria, VA 22313-1450 TRADEMARK

In Compliance with 35 U.S.C. 290 and/or 15 U.S.C. 1116 you are hereby advised that a court action has been
filed in the U.S. District Court Western District of Washington on the following
G Trademarks or G Patents. ( G the patent action involves 35 U.S.C. 292.):

DOCKET NO. DATE FILED U.S. DISTRICT COURT


3/8/2017 Western District of Washington
PLAINTIFF DEFENDANT
ELECTRIC MIRROR, LLC, a Washington limited liability MAJESTIC MIRRORS & FRAME, LLC, a Florida limited
company, and KELVIN 42 LLC, a Delaware limited liability company
liability company

PATENT OR DATE OF PATENT


HOLDER OF PATENT OR TRADEMARK
TRADEMARK NO. OR TRADEMARK
1 7,559,668 7/14/2009 Kelvin 42 LLC

2 7,805,260 3/28/2010 Electric Mirror, LLC

3 7,853,414 12/14/2010 Electric Mirror, LLC

4 D579,671 11/4/2008 Electric Mirror, LLC

5 D704,983 5/20/2014 Electric Mirror, LLC

In the aboveentitled case, the following patent(s)/ trademark(s) have been included:
DATE INCLUDED INCLUDED BY
G
Amendment G Answer G Cross Bill G Other Pleading
PATENT OR DATE OF PATENT
HOLDER OF PATENT OR TRADEMARK
TRADEMARK NO. OR TRADEMARK
1

In the aboveentitled case, the following decision has been rendered or judgement issued:
DECISION/JUDGEMENT

CLERK (BY) DEPUTY CLERK DATE

Copy 1Upon initiation of action, mail this copy to Director Copy 3Upon termination of action, mail this copy to Director
Copy 2Upon filing document adding patent(s), mail this copy to Director Copy 4Case file copy

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Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1-2 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 1 of 2

AO 440 (Rev. 06/12) Summons in a Civil Action

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT


for the
Western District
__________ of of
District Washington
__________

ELECTRIC MIRROR, LLC, a Washington limited )


liability company, and KELVIN 42 LLC, a Delaware )
limited liability company )
)
Plaintiff(s) )
)
v. Civil Action No.
)
MAJESTIC MIRRORS & FRAME, LLC, a Florida )
limited liability company )
)
)
Defendant(s) )

SUMMONS IN A CIVIL ACTION

To: (Defendants name and address) Majestic Mirrors & Frame, LLC
c/o Alan Mandel
7425 NW 79th St.
Miami, FL 33166

A lawsuit has been filed against you.

Within 21 days after service of this summons on you (not counting the day you received it) or 60 days if you
are the United States or a United States agency, or an officer or employee of the United States described in Fed. R. Civ.
P. 12 (a)(2) or (3) you must serve on the plaintiff an answer to the attached complaint or a motion under Rule 12 of
the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. The answer or motion must be served on the plaintiff or plaintiffs attorney,
whose name and address are: Kyle D Netterfield
Ellis, Li & McKinstry PLLC
2025 First Avenue
Penthouse A
Seattle, WA 98121

If you fail to respond, judgment by default will be entered against you for the relief demanded in the complaint.
You also must file your answer or motion with the court.

CLERK OF COURT

Date:
Signature of Clerk or Deputy Clerk
Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1-2 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 2 of 2

AO 440 (Rev. 06/12) Summons in a Civil Action (Page 2)

Civil Action No.

PROOF OF SERVICE
(This section should not be filed with the court unless required by Fed. R. Civ. P. 4 (l))

This summons for (name of individual and title, if any)


was received by me on (date) .

I personally served the summons on the individual at (place)


on (date) ; or

I left the summons at the individuals residence or usual place of abode with (name)
, a person of suitable age and discretion who resides there,
on (date) , and mailed a copy to the individuals last known address; or

I served the summons on (name of individual) , who is


designated by law to accept service of process on behalf of (name of organization)
on (date) ; or

I returned the summons unexecuted because ; or

Other (specify):
.

My fees are $ for travel and $ for services, for a total of $ 0.00 .

I declare under penalty of perjury that this information is true.

Date:
Servers signature

Printed name and title

Servers address

Additional information regarding attempted service, etc:

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Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1-3 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 1 of 2
JS 44 (Rev. 11/15) CIVIL COVER SHEET
The JS 44 civil cover sheet and the information contained herein neither replace nor supplement the filing and service of pleadings or other papers as required by law, except as
provided by local rules of court. This form, approved by the Judicial Conference of the United States in September 1974, is required for the use of the Clerk of Court for the
purpose of initiating the civil docket sheet. (SEE INSTRUCTIONS ON NEXT PAGE OF THIS FORM.)

I. (a) PLAINTIFFS DEFENDANTS


ELECTRIC MIRROR, LLC, a Washington limited liability company, and MAJESTIC MIRRORS & FRAME, LLC, a Florida limited liability
KELVIN 42 LLC, a Delaware limited liability company company

(b) County of Residence of First Listed Plaintiff Snohomish County County of Residence of First Listed Defendant
(EXCEPT IN U.S. PLAINTIFF CASES) (IN U.S. PLAINTIFF CASES ONLY)
NOTE: IN LAND CONDEMNATION CASES, USE THE LOCATION OF
THE TRACT OF LAND INVOLVED.

(c) Attorneys (Firm Name, Address, and Telephone Number) Attorneys (If Known)
Kyle D. Netterfield, Brock M. Hartman
Ellis, Li & McKinstry PPLC,
2025 First Avenue, Seattle, WA 98121, (206)682-0565

II. BASIS OF JURISDICTION (Place an X in One Box Only) III. CITIZENSHIP OF PRINCIPAL PARTIES (Place an X in One Box for Plaintiff
(For Diversity Cases Only) and One Box for Defendant)
1 U.S. Government 3 Federal Question PTF DEF PTF DEF
Plaintiff (U.S. Government Not a Party) Citizen of This State 1 1 Incorporated or Principal Place 4 4
of Business In This State

2 U.S. Government 4 Diversity Citizen of Another State 2 2 Incorporated and Principal Place 5 5
Defendant (Indicate Citizenship of Parties in Item III) of Business In Another State

Citizen or Subject of a 3 3 Foreign Nation 6 6


Foreign Country
IV. NATURE OF SUIT (Place an X in One Box Only)
CONTRACT TORTS FORFEITURE/PENALTY BANKRUPTCY OTHER STATUTES
110 Insurance PERSONAL INJURY PERSONAL INJURY 625 Drug Related Seizure 422 Appeal 28 USC 158 375 False Claims Act
120 Marine 310 Airplane 365 Personal Injury - of Property 21 USC 881 423 Withdrawal 376 Qui Tam (31 USC
130 Miller Act 315 Airplane Product Product Liability 690 Other 28 USC 157 3729(a))
140 Negotiable Instrument Liability 367 Health Care/ 400 State Reapportionment
150 Recovery of Overpayment 320 Assault, Libel & Pharmaceutical PROPERTY RIGHTS 410 Antitrust
& Enforcement of Judgment Slander Personal Injury 820 Copyrights 430 Banks and Banking
151 Medicare Act 330 Federal Employers Product Liability 830 Patent 450 Commerce
152 Recovery of Defaulted Liability 368 Asbestos Personal 840 Trademark 460 Deportation
Student Loans 340 Marine Injury Product 470 Racketeer Influenced and
(Excludes Veterans) 345 Marine Product Liability LABOR SOCIAL SECURITY Corrupt Organizations
153 Recovery of Overpayment Liability PERSONAL PROPERTY 710 Fair Labor Standards 861 HIA (1395ff) 480 Consumer Credit
of Veterans Benefits 350 Motor Vehicle 370 Other Fraud Act 862 Black Lung (923) 490 Cable/Sat TV
160 Stockholders Suits 355 Motor Vehicle 371 Truth in Lending 720 Labor/Management 863 DIWC/DIWW (405(g)) 850 Securities/Commodities/
190 Other Contract Product Liability 380 Other Personal Relations 864 SSID Title XVI Exchange
195 Contract Product Liability 360 Other Personal Property Damage 740 Railway Labor Act 865 RSI (405(g)) 890 Other Statutory Actions
196 Franchise Injury 385 Property Damage 751 Family and Medical 891 Agricultural Acts
362 Personal Injury - Product Liability Leave Act 893 Environmental Matters
Medical Malpractice 790 Other Labor Litigation 895 Freedom of Information
REAL PROPERTY CIVIL RIGHTS PRISONER PETITIONS 791 Employee Retirement FEDERAL TAX SUITS Act
210 Land Condemnation 440 Other Civil Rights Habeas Corpus: Income Security Act 870 Taxes (U.S. Plaintiff 896 Arbitration
220 Foreclosure 441 Voting 463 Alien Detainee or Defendant) 899 Administrative Procedure
230 Rent Lease & Ejectment 442 Employment 510 Motions to Vacate 871 IRSThird Party Act/Review or Appeal of
240 Torts to Land 443 Housing/ Sentence 26 USC 7609 Agency Decision
245 Tort Product Liability Accommodations 530 General 950 Constitutionality of
290 All Other Real Property 445 Amer. w/Disabilities - 535 Death Penalty IMMIGRATION State Statutes
Employment Other: 462 Naturalization Application
446 Amer. w/Disabilities - 540 Mandamus & Other 465 Other Immigration
Other 550 Civil Rights Actions
448 Education 555 Prison Condition
560 Civil Detainee -
Conditions of
Confinement
V. ORIGIN (Place an X in One Box Only)
1 Original 2 Removed from 3 Remanded from 4 Reinstated or 5 Transferred from 6 Multidistrict
Proceeding State Court Appellate Court Reopened Another District Litigation
(specify)
Cite the U.S. Civil Statute under which you are filing (Do not cite jurisdictional statutes unless diversity):
35 U.S.C. 271
VI. CAUSE OF ACTION Brief description of cause:
Patent infringement
VII. REQUESTED IN CHECK IF THIS IS A CLASS ACTION DEMAND $ CHECK YES only if demanded in complaint:
COMPLAINT: UNDER RULE 23, F.R.Cv.P. JURY DEMAND: Yes No
VIII. RELATED CASE(S)
(See instructions):
IF ANY JUDGE DOCKET NUMBER
DATE SIGNATURE OF ATTORNEY OF RECORD
03/08/2017 s/ Brock M. Hartman
FOR OFFICE USE ONLY

RECEIPT # AMOUNT APPLYING IFP JUDGE MAG. JUDGE

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Case 1:17-cv-23991-CMA Document 1-3 Entered on FLSD Docket 03/08/2017 Page 2 of 2
JS 44 Reverse (Rev. 11/15)

INSTRUCTIONS FOR ATTORNEYS COMPLETING CIVIL COVER SHEET FORM JS 44


Authority For Civil Cover Sheet

The JS 44 civil cover sheet and the information contained herein neither replaces nor supplements the filings and service of pleading or other papers as
required by law, except as provided by local rules of court. This form, approved by the Judicial Conference of the United States in September 1974, is
required for the use of the Clerk of Court for the purpose of initiating the civil docket sheet. Consequently, a civil cover sheet is submitted to the Clerk of
Court for each civil complaint filed. The attorney filing a case should complete the form as follows:

I.(a) Plaintiffs-Defendants. Enter names (last, first, middle initial) of plaintiff and defendant. If the plaintiff or defendant is a government agency, use
only the full name or standard abbreviations. If the plaintiff or defendant is an official within a government agency, identify first the agency and
then the official, giving both name and title.
(b) County of Residence. For each civil case filed, except U.S. plaintiff cases, enter the name of the county where the first listed plaintiff resides at the
time of filing. In U.S. plaintiff cases, enter the name of the county in which the first listed defendant resides at the time of filing. (NOTE: In land
condemnation cases, the county of residence of the "defendant" is the location of the tract of land involved.)
(c) Attorneys. Enter the firm name, address, telephone number, and attorney of record. If there are several attorneys, list them on an attachment, noting
in this section "(see attachment)".

II. Jurisdiction. The basis of jurisdiction is set forth under Rule 8(a), F.R.Cv.P., which requires that jurisdictions be shown in pleadings. Place an "X"
in one of the boxes. If there is more than one basis of jurisdiction, precedence is given in the order shown below.
United States plaintiff. (1) Jurisdiction based on 28 U.S.C. 1345 and 1348. Suits by agencies and officers of the United States are included here.
United States defendant. (2) When the plaintiff is suing the United States, its officers or agencies, place an "X" in this box.
Federal question. (3) This refers to suits under 28 U.S.C. 1331, where jurisdiction arises under the Constitution of the United States, an amendment
to the Constitution, an act of Congress or a treaty of the United States. In cases where the U.S. is a party, the U.S. plaintiff or defendant code takes
precedence, and box 1 or 2 should be marked.
Diversity of citizenship. (4) This refers to suits under 28 U.S.C. 1332, where parties are citizens of different states. When Box 4 is checked, the
citizenship of the different parties must be checked. (See Section III below; NOTE: federal question actions take precedence over diversity
cases.)

III. Residence (citizenship) of Principal Parties. This section of the JS 44 is to be completed if diversity of citizenship was indicated above. Mark this
section for each principal party.

IV. Nature of Suit. Place an "X" in the appropriate box. If the nature of suit cannot be determined, be sure the cause of action, in Section VI below, is
sufficient to enable the deputy clerk or the statistical clerk(s) in the Administrative Office to determine the nature of suit. If the cause fits more than
one nature of suit, select the most definitive.

V. Origin. Place an "X" in one of the six boxes.


Original Proceedings. (1) Cases which originate in the United States district courts.
Removed from State Court. (2) Proceedings initiated in state courts may be removed to the district courts under Title 28 U.S.C., Section 1441.
When the petition for removal is granted, check this box.
Remanded from Appellate Court. (3) Check this box for cases remanded to the district court for further action. Use the date of remand as the filing
date.
Reinstated or Reopened. (4) Check this box for cases reinstated or reopened in the district court. Use the reopening date as the filing date.
Transferred from Another District. (5) For cases transferred under Title 28 U.S.C. Section 1404(a). Do not use this for within district transfers or
multidistrict litigation transfers.
Multidistrict Litigation. (6) Check this box when a multidistrict case is transferred into the district under authority of Title 28 U.S.C. Section 1407.
When this box is checked, do not check (5) above.

VI. Cause of Action. Report the civil statute directly related to the cause of action and give a brief description of the cause. Do not cite jurisdictional
statutes unless diversity. Example: U.S. Civil Statute: 47 USC 553 Brief Description: Unauthorized reception of cable service

VII. Requested in Complaint. Class Action. Place an "X" in this box if you are filing a class action under Rule 23, F.R.Cv.P.
Demand. In this space enter the actual dollar amount being demanded or indicate other demand, such as a preliminary injunction.
Jury Demand. Check the appropriate box to indicate whether or not a jury is being demanded.

VIII. Related Cases. This section of the JS 44 is used to reference related pending cases, if any. If there are related pending cases, insert the docket
numbers and the corresponding judge names for such cases.

Date and Attorney Signature. Date and sign the civil cover sheet.