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Approved by AICTE, New Delhi &Affiliated to JNTU Kakinada

Apparaopalem, Koppaka (P), Duggirala (V), Pedavegi (M). Eluru 534004, W. G. Dt., A.P.

ACADEMIC YEAR: 2017-2018

COURSE FILE

STAFF: Sri. G.VIJAYA BHASKARA RAO CODE: RT31031

List of Contents

Syllabus

Aim and Objective of the subject

Lesson Plan

Assignment Questions

Mid Questions

University Previous Question Papers

Practical Orientation

PPTS Soft Copy

Topic beyond Syllabus

Lecture Notes

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT

ELURU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

Syllabus

III Year I SEMESTER T P C

3+1* 0 3

DYNAMICS OF MACHINERY

Course Objectives:

1. To equip the student with fundamental knowledge of dynamics of machines so that

student can appreciate problems of dynamic force balance, transmissibility of forces, isolation

of systems, vibrations.

2. Develop knowledge of analytical and graphical methods for calculating balancing of rotary

and reciprocating masses.

3. Develop understanding of vibrations and its significance on engineering design.

4. Develop understanding of dynamic balancing, flywheel analysis, gyroscopic forces and

moments.

UNIT I

PRECESSION: Gyroscopes, effect of precession motion on the stability of

moving vehicles such as motor car, motor cycle, aero planes and ships, static and dynamic force

analysis of planar mechanisms, (Demonstration of models in video show).

UNIT II

FRICTION: Inclined plane, friction of screw and nuts, pivot and collar,

uniform pressure, uniform wear, friction circle and friction axis: lubricated surfaces, boundary

friction, film lubrication.

CLUTCHES: Friction clutches- single disc or plate clutch, multiple disc clutch, cone clutch,

centrifugal clutch.

BRAKES AND DYNAMOMETERS: Simple block brakes, internal expanding brake, band

brake of vehicle. General description and operation of dynamometers: Prony, Rope brake,

Epicyclic, Bevis Gibson and belt transmission,

UNIT III

TURNING MOMENT DIAGRAMS: Dynamic force analysis of slider

crank mechanism, inertia torque, angular velocity and acceleration of connecting rod, crank effort

and turning moment diagrams fluctuation of energy fly wheels and their design.

UNIT-IV

GOVERNERS: Watt, porter and proell governors, spring loaded governors Hartnell and Hartung

with auxiliary springs. sensitiveness, isochronism and hunting.

UNIT V

BALANCING: Balancing of rotating masses single and multiple single and different planes,

use analytical and graphical methods. Primary, secondary, and higher balancing of reciprocating

masses. analytical and graphical methods, unbalanced forces and couples examination of

V multi cylinder in line and radial engines for primary and secondary balancing, locomotive

balancing, hammer blow, swaying couple, variation of tractive effort.

UNIT VI

VIBRATIONS: Free Vibration of spring mass system oscillation of pendulums, centers of

oscillation and suspension. transverse loads, vibrations of beams with concentrated and distributed

loads. Dunkerlys methods, Raleighs method, whirling of shafts, critical speeds, torsional

vibrations, two and three rotor systems, Simple problems on forced damped vibration, vibration

isolation and transmissibility.

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT

ELURU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

TEXT BOOKS :

1. Theory of Machines / S.S Ratan/ Mc. Graw Hill Publ.

2. Mechanism and machine theory by Ashok G. Ambedkar, PHI Publications.

REFERENCES :

1. Mechanism and Machine Theory / JS Rao and RV Dukkipati / New Age.

2. Theory of Machines / Shiegly / MGH

3. Theory of Machines / Thomas Bevan / CBS Publishers

4. Theory of machines / Khurmi / S.Chand.

Course outcomes:

Upon successful completion of this course the student should be able to:

1. Analyze stabilization of sea vehicles, aircrafts and automobile vehicles.

2. Compute frictional losses, torque transmission of mechanical systsms.

3. Analyze dynamic force analysis of slider crank mechanism and design of flywheel.

4. Understand how to determine the natural frequencies of continuous systems starting from

the general equation of displacement.

5. Understand balancing of reciprocating and rotary masses.

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT

ELURU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

branch of the theory of machines and mechanisms that studies the motion of machines and m

echanisms, taking intoaccount the forces acting on them. The dynamics of machines and mec

hanisms deals with the following basic problems:definition of the laws of motion of the comp

onents of mechanisms, control of the motion of the components, determination offrictional lo

sses, determination of the reactions in kinematic pairs, and balancing of machines and mecha

nisms.

The purpose of the dynamics of machinery (aka machine dynamics) is to apply the

knowledge from the field of dynamics to specific problems in engineering. Its development is

closely linked to developments in mechanical engineering. Dynamic problems first occurred

in power and work machines. Torsional vibrations were observed in reciprocating engines,

and bending vibrations put turbine components at risk. Explaining such phenomena has long

been the only task of the dynamics of machinery, as reflected in the standard publications, e.

g. [1]. Knowledge of the dynamics of machinery is also required for designing machines that

are based on dynamic principles. This includes hammers, robots, stemmers, oscillating

conveyors, screens, vibrators, textile mandrills, centrifuges, etc. Dynamic problems stepped

into the foreground with the ever-increasing operating speed and the enforcement of

lightweight design principles in all fields of processing machines, agricultural machines,

machine tools, printing machines, and conveyors. To manage their multiplicity, it became

necessary to define and answer the basic questions, while abstracting as much as possible

from any specific machine. In this way, dynamics of machinery grew into an independent

discipline that is part of the tool set of each mechanical engineer. While 50 years ago people

thought that dealing with vibration problems will remain the domain of only a few specialists,

today we expect a large number of engineers to have a precise understanding of the dynamic

processes in a machine. High-performance machines are to be sized not just based on static,

but often primarily based on dynamic considerations. Thus, the use of calculation methods of

structural durability depends on the certainty of the load assumptions that result from a

machine dynamics calculation. An engineer has to know the physical laws that have an

influence on periodic permanent loads, impacts, starting and stopping processes in a machine.

The way in which engineers work has to be taken into account, though. It is governed by the

requirement to solve a practical problem in a short time and at economically justifiable

expenditure. Frequently, fast decisions have to be made so that waiting for the scientific

clarification of detailed questions is not an option. Instead, an engineer has to consider all

available information and adjust the solution of the problem to the existing state of the art. An

important skill that an engineer should have is to be able to apply an imperfect or incomplete

theory as long as there is no better one available. This requires, of course, a wealth of

knowledge that will not always include the entire train of thought that leads to an equation or

computer program. What is important, however, is to know their scope and make use of ways

to check the results obtained using rough estimates. The diagram below, in Fig. 0.1, outlines

the path that is followed when solving a design problem. It is desirable to have someone who

is able to go down the external path, that is, someone who glances at the machine (or listens

to it) and knows what has to be changed to obtain the desired effect. Simply put, what matters

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT

ELURU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

are decisions to change something in the structure or parameters of a specific object in such a

way that the dynamic performance of that object is improved. Since this selection of

decisions is anything but trivial, a step-by-step approach as indicated on the left-hand side of

the diagram is preferred. The essential steps include the identification of a mechanical

problem in a design (or technological) task, and the formulation of a mathematical problem

from it (which is part of modeling). One has to understand the physical behavior before

generating a model. Todays engineer is spared the many efforts that the solution of the

mathematical problems used to involve. In recent years, the interpretation of the

mathematical solution and the implementation of mechanical principles in a design solution

have become increasingly important engineering tasks. Today, dynamic phenomena can be

better calculated in advance and taken advantage of, e. g. dynamic balancing, the effects of

gyroscopes, absorbers, dampers, and nonlinear effects (e. g. self-synchronization).

Figure 0.2 shows how the field of dynamics of machinery relates to other disciplines.

Rotor dynamics, or vehicle dynamics, could be related to these disciplines in a similar way,

and they overlap with the dynamics of machinery. Unlike rotor and vehicle dynamics,

machine dynamics deals with many different objects and problems, from machine elements

to complex designs where close links to structural dynamics (and not just with regard to

foundations) exist. The theoretical foundation of the dynamics of machinery is formed by

mathematics and physics , including, of course, almost all fields of engineering mechanics

and in particular, the theory of vibrations. The findings of machine dynamics studies

influence the design and sizing of real machines, and there are close links to design theory,

machine elements, structural stability, drive engineering, and acoustics of machines. The

most closely related disciplines are drive engineering (for the drives) and structural dynamics

(for the frames) if, from a design perspective, one views a machine as a combination of a

drive and a support system. The dynamics of machinery always involves real objects that are

subjected to loads that vary over time, and that are exposed to, or take advantage of, the

effects of inertia. Frequently, the purpose is also to avoid malfunctions or damages. The

findings of the theory of vibrations provide the basis for understanding many real-world

phenomena. The technological development of many machines has influenced the theory of

vibrations in that it continuously provided new practical questions that could not be answered

using the body of knowledge and theories available. Problems of modeling in the dynamics

of machinery are closely related to system dynamics, and vibration measurement technology,

but also include methods for evaluating and assessing vibration phenomena. The dynamics of

machinery utilizes the findings in fields such as structural dynamics and multi body dynamics

that are often found implemented using numerical mathematics in commercial software

products. Quantitative improvements of the calculation models are not just achieved by

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT

ELURU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

mutual perfection of computer and measurement technology. There are cross links with

electrical engineering when it comes to electric drives and applying findings of control

engineering and computer sciences.

TEXT BOOKS:

1. Theory of Machines / S.S Ratan / Mc. Graw Hill Publ.

2. Mechanism and machine theory by Ashok G. Ambedkar, PHI Publications.

REFERENCES :

1. Mechanism and Machine Theory / JS Rao and RV Dukkipati / New Age.

2. Theory of Machines / Shiegly / MGH

3. Theory of Machines / Thomas Bevan / CBS Publishers

4. Theory of machines / Khurmi / S.Chand.

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT

ELURU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

In the beginning of the every class the previous topic will be reviewed for a while,

besides, after completing each unit again the entire unit will be reviewed in a class for one

period.

STUDENTS:

working days of the college.

During the semester there shall be 2 tests. The weightage of Internal marks for 30

consists of Descriptive -15, assignments -05 & Objective -10 (In Internal Evaluation, there

will be two Online Tests (objective) each of 20 Marks for 20 minutes duration). The objective

examination is for 20 minutes duration. The subjective examination is for 90 minutes

duration conducted for 30 marks this marks will be scaled to 15 marks as maximum. Each

subjective type test question paper shall contain 3 questions and all questions need to be

answered. The objective examination conducted for 20 marks will be scaled to10 Marks as

maximum and subjective examination 15 marks are to be added to the assignment marks of 5

for finalizing internal marks for 30. The best of the two tests will be taken for internal marks.

As the syllabus is framed for 6 units, Ist mid examination (both Objective and subjective) is

conducted in 1-3 units and second test in 4-6 units of each subjects in a semester.

The end semester examination is conducted covering the topics of all Units for 70

marks. Part-A contains a mandatory question (Brainstorming / Thought provoking/ case

study) for 22 marks. Part-B has 6 questions (one from each unit). The student has to answer 3

out of 6 questions in part-B and carries a weightage of 16 marks each.

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT

ELURU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

LESSON PLAN

No

Unit/ Teachi

Proposed Book of

item Topic to be covered ng

date reference peri

No. method

ods

UNIT-I: PRECESSION 11

Gyroscopes 12/6/17 1

Effect of precession motion on the stability of

moving vehicles such as motor car. 13&14/6/17 2

Effect of precession motion on the stability of

1.1 moving vehicles such as two wheeler 15&16/6/17 2

Theory of BOAR

Effect of precession motion on the stability of Machines / S.S D AND

moving vehicles such as aero plane 17&20/6/17 2

Effect of precession motion on the stability of Ratan / Mc. CHAL

moving vehicles such as sea vessel 21&22/6/17 Graw Hill Publ 2 K

Static and dynamic force analysis of planar

1.2 23/6/17 1

mechanisms.

Demonstration of models in video show. 24/6 /17 1

UNIT-II: FRICTION 18

Introduction

2.1 27/6/17 1

2.2 Considering motion up the plane 29/6/17 1

Considering motion down the plane 30/6/17 1

2.3 Friction of nuts and screws 1/7/17 1

2.4 Friction of pivot and collar bearings 4/7/17 1

Design considerations in the choice of assumption

2.5 5/7/17 1

of uniform pressure and uniform wear

Friction circle and friction axis: lubricated surfaces Theory of BOAR

2.6 6/7/17 1

Machines / S.S D AND

2.7 Boundary friction, film lubrication 7/7/17 Ratan / Mc. 1

Clutches: CHAL

Graw Hill

Single plate clutch K

8/7/17 Publ

2.8 Multi plate clutch 11/7/17 5

Cone clutch To14/7/17

Centrifugal clutch

Brakes and dynamometers

Simple block brakes General description 15 &

Internal expanding brake, band brake of vehicle. 18/7/17 to

2.9 4

Dynamometers: Epicyclic Dynamometers 20/7/17

Prony, Rope brake Dynamometers

Bevis Gibson Dynamometers

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT

ELURU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

Dynamic Force analysis of slider crank 21,22&25

3.1 mechanism 3

/7/17 to

3.2 Inertia torque 26/7/17 Theory of 1

BOAR

Angular velocity and acceleration of connecting Machines / S.S

3.3 27/7/17 1 D AND

rod Ratan / Mc.

Graw Hill CHAL

28,29/7/17

3.4 Crank effort and turning moment diagrams Publ 4 K

& 1,2/8/17

3.5 Fluctuation of energy 3/8/17 1

3.6 Fly wheels and design 4/8/17 1

UNIT-IV: GOVERNERS 07

4.1 Introduction 5/8/17 1

Machines / S.S

Porter governer D AND

4.3 23/8/17 Ratan / Mc. 1

Graw Hill

CHAL

4.4 Proell governer 24/8/17 Publ 1 K

4.5 Hartnell governer 29/8/17 1

4.6 Hartung governer 30/8/17 1

4.7 Sensitiveness, Iso chronism, Hunting 31/8/17 1

UNIT-V: BALANCING 15

Balancing of rotating masses. 1/9/17 1

Single mass. 1/9/17 1

5.1 Multiple masses. 2/9/17 1

Theory of BOAR

Balancing of rotating masses in single plane. 4/9/17 1

Machines / S.S

Balancing of rotating masses in multiple planes. 5/9/17 1 D AND

Ratan / Mc.

Balancing of reciprocating masses. 6/9/17 Graw Hill 1 CHAL

5.2 Primary, secondary and higher balancing. 7&8/9/17 Publ 2 K

Unbalanced forces and couples. 9&11/9/17 2

12,13&14/9

5.3 Locomotive balancing. 3

/17

5.4 Hammer blow, swaying couple 15/9/17 1

5.5 Variation of tractive forces 16/9/17 1

UNIT-VI VIBRATIONS 15

6.1 Introduction 18/9/17 1

6.2 Free Vibration of spring mass system 19&20/9/17 2

Theory of BOAR

Oscillation of pendulums, centers of oscillation Machines / S.S

6.3 21&22/9/17 2 D AND

and suspension. Ratan / Mc.

Transverse loads 23/9/17 Graw Hill 1 CHAL

Vibrations of beams with concentrated and Publ K

6.4 25,26&27/9

distributed loads. Dunkerlys methods, Raleighs 3

/17

method

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT

ELURU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

5,6

6.5 Torsional vibrations, two and three rotor systems 3

&7/10/17

6.6 Vibration isolation and transmissibility. 9/10/17 1

TOTAL NUMBER OF CLASSES 75

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT

ELURU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

ASSIGNMENT QUESTIONS

Unit-1

1. What do you understand by gyroscopic couple ? Derive a formula for its magnitude.

2. Explain the application of gyroscopic principles to aircrafts

3. Describe the gyroscopic effect on sea going vessels

4. Explain the effect of the gyroscopic couple on the reaction of the four wheels of a

vehicle negotiating a curve.

5. Discuss the effect of the gyroscopic couple on a two wheeled vehicle when taking a turn.

Unit-2

1. Find the force required to move a load of 300 N up a rough plane, the force being

applied parallel to the plane. The inclination of the plane is such that a force of 60 N

inclined at 30 to a similar smooth plane would keep the same load in equilibrium. The

coefficient of friction is 0.3

2. The spindle of a screw jack has single start square threads with an outside diameter of 45

mm and a pitch of 10 mm. The spindle moves in a fixed nut. The load is carried on a

swivel head but is not free to rotate. The bearing surface of the swivel head has a mean

diameter of 60 mm. The coefficient of friction between the nut and screw is 0.12 and that

between the swivel head and the spindle is 0.10. Calculate the load which can be raised

by efforts of 100 N each applied at the end of two levers each of effective length of 350

mm. Also determine the velocity ratio and the efficiency of the lifting arrangement.

3. A flat foot step bearing 225 mm in diameter supports a load of 7.5 kN. If the coefficient

of friction is 0.09 and r.p.m is 60, find the power lost in friction, assuming 1. Uniform

pressure, and 2. Uniform wear.

4. A shaft has a number of collars integral with it. The external diameter of the collars is

400 mm and the shaft diameter is 250 mm. If the uniform intensity of pressure is 0.35

N/mm2 and its coefficient of friction is 0.05, estimate : 1. power absorbed in overcoming

friction when the shaft runs at 105 r.p.m. and carries a load of 150 kN, and 2. number of

collars required.

5. A single plate clutch (both sides effective) is required to transmit 26.5 kW at 1600 r.p.m.

The outer diameter of the plate is limited to 300 mm and intensity of pressure between

the plates is not to exceed 68.5 kN/m2. Assuming uniform wear and a coefficient of

friction 0.3, show that the inner diameter of the plates is approximately 90 mm.

Unit-3

1. An engine flywheel has a mass of 6.5 tonnes and the radius of gyration is 2 m. If the

maximum and minimum speeds are 120 r. p. m. and 118 r. p. m. respectively, find

maximum fluctuation of energy.

2. In a turning moment diagram, the areas above and below the mean torque line taken in

order are 4400, 1150, 1300 and 4550 mm2 respectively. The scales of the turning

moment diagram are:

Turning moment, 1 mm = 100 N-m ; Crank angle, 1 mm = 1

Find the mass of the flywheel required to keep the speed between 297 and 303 r.p.m.,

if the radius of gyration is 0.525 m.

3. A single cylinder, single acting, four stroke cycle gas engine develops 20 kW at 250

r.p.m. The work done by the gases during the expansion stroke is 3 times the work done

on the gases during the compression stroke. The work done on the suction and exhaust

strokes may be neglected. If the flywheel has a mass of 1.5 tonnes and has a radius of

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT

ELURU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

gyration of 0.6m, find the cyclic fluctuation of energy and the coefficient of fluctuation

of speed.

4. The torque exerted on the crank shaft of a two stroke engine is given by the equation:

TN-m14 5002300 sin 21900 cos

here is the crank angle displacement from the inner dead centre. Assuming the

resisting torque to be constant, determine: 1. The power of the engine when the speed

is 150 r.p.m. 2. The moment of inertia of the flywheel if the speed variation is

not to exceed 0.5% of the mean speed; and 3. The angular acceleration of the

flywheel when the crank has turned through 30 from the inner dead centre.

Unit-4

1. The length of the upper arm of a Watt governor is 400 mm and its inclination to the

vertical is 30.Find the percentage increase in speed, if the balls rise by 20 mm.

2. In a Porter governor, the mass of the central load is 18 kg and the mass of each ball is 2

kg. The top arms are 250 mm while the bottom arms are each 300 mm long. The friction

of the sleeve is 14 N. If the top arms make 45 with the axis of rotation in the equilibrium

position, find the range of speed of the governor in that position.

3. A Proell governor has all the four arms of length 250 mm. The upper and lower ends of

the arms are pivoted on the axis of rotation of the governor. The extension arms of the

lower links are each 100 mm long and parallel to the axis when the radius of the ball path

is 150 mm. The mass of each ball is 4.5 kg and the mass of the central load is 36 kg.

Determine the equilibrium speed of the governor.

4. A spring controlled governor of the Hartnell type with a central spring under compression

has balls each of mass 2 kg. The ball and sleeve arms of the bell crank levers are

respectively 100 mm and 60 mm long and are at right angles. In the lowest position of the

governor sleeve, the radius of rotation of the balls is 80 mm and the ball arms are parallel

to the governor axis. Find the initial load on the spring in order that the sleeve may begin

to lift at 300 r.p.m. If the stiffness of the spring is 30 kN/m, what is the equilibrium speed

corresponding to a sleeve lift of 10 mm?

5. The spring controlled governor of the Hartung type has two rotating masses each of 2.5

kg and the limits of their radius of rotation are 100 mm and 125 mm. The each mass is

directly controlled by a spring attached to it and to the inner casing of the governor as

shown in Fig 18.26 (a). The stiffness of the spring is 8 kN/m and the force on each spring,

when the masses are in their mid-position, is 320 N. In addition, there is an equivalent

constant inward radial force of 80 N acting on each revolving mass in order to allow for

the dead weight of the mechanism. Neglecting friction, find the range of speed of the

governor.

Unit-5

1. Four masses A, B, C and D are attached to a shaft and revolve in the same plane. The

masses are 12 kg, 10 kg, 18 kg and 15 kg respectively and their radii of rotations are 40

mm, 50 mm, 60 mm and 30 mm. The angular position of the masses B, C and D are 60,

135 and 270 from the mass A. Find the magnitude and position of the balancing mass at

a radius of 100 mm.

2. Four masses A, B, C and D revolve at equal radii and are equally spaced along a shaft.

The mass B is 7 kg and the radii of C and D make angles of 90 and 240 respectively

with the radius of B. Find the magnitude of the masses A, C and D and the angular

position of A so that the system may be completely balanced

3. A shaft carries five masses A, B, C, D and E which revolve at the same radius in planes

which are equidistant from one another. The magnitude of the masses in planes A, C and

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT

ELURU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

D are 50 kg, 40 kg and 80 kg respectively. The angle between A and C is 90 and that

between C and D is 135. Determine the magnitude of the masses in planes B and E and

their positions to put the shaft in complete rotating balance.

4. Explain the method of balancing of different masses revolving in the same plane.

UNIT-6

1. A shaft of 100 mm diameter and 1 metre long is fixed at one end and other end carries a

flywheel of mass 1 tonne. Taking Youngs modulus for the shaft material as 200 GN/m2,

find the natural frequency of longitudinal and transverse vibrations

2. A beam of length 10 m carries two loads of mass 200 kg at distances of 3 m from each

end together with a central load of mass 1000 kg. Calculate the frequency of transverse

vibrations. Neglect the mass of the beam and take I = 109 mm4 and E = 205103 N/mm2.

3. A steel bar 25 mm wide and 50 mm deep is freely supported at two points 1 m apart and

carries a mass of 200 kg in the middle of the bar. Neglecting the mass of the bar, find the

frequency of transverse vibration. If an additional mass of 200 kg is distributed uniformly

over the length of the shaft, what will be the frequency of vibration ? Take E = 200GN/m2

4. A shaft 1.5 m long is supported in flexible bearings at the ends and carries two wheels

each of 50 kg mass. One wheel is situated at the centre of the shaft and the other at a

distance of 0.4 m from the centre towards right. The shaft is hollow of external diameter

75 mm and inner diameter 37.5mm. The density of the shaft material is 8000 kg/m3. The

Youngs modulus for the shaft material is 200 GN/m2. Find the frequency of transverse

vibration.

5. A vertical shaft 25 mm diameter and 0.75 m long is mounted in long bearings and carries

a pulley of mass 10 kg midway between the bearings. The centre of pulley is 0.5 mm

from the axis of the shaft. Find (a) the whirling speed, and (b) the bending stress in the

shaft, when it is rotating at 1700 r.p.m. Neglect the mass of the shaft and E = 200 GN/m2.

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT

ELURU COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY

Vibration dynamics and control.

MECHANICAL DEPARTMENT

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