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CHE132

CHE132

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1. Defined as the distance between two tangents on opposite sides of the particle

2. The diameter of a sphere passing through the same sieve aperture

3. If we use a sedimentation technique to measure particle size, then it is expressed as the diameter of a sphere having

the same _______ under the same conditions.

4. Is the most frequently occurring size in the sample

5. Is easily read from the cumulative distribution as the 50% size

6. The most common modern sieves are in sizes such that the ratio of adjacent sieve sizes is the ______

7. Sieving method suitable for particle size >45 mm (Dry/Wet)

8. Sieving method for analysis down to 5 mm (Dry/Wet)

9. This causes the edges of the particle to be blurred and this gives rise to an apparent size

10. (Stokes law)

11. This is a method of size analysis based on fluid flow through a packed bed

12. Law/equation describing laminar flow through randomly packed particles

13. In electrozone sensing, resistance change can be measured as _________

14. In lases diffraction, the diffraction angle is (directly/inversely) proportional to the particle size

15. A force acting at the opposite direction of a body in motion

16. Law which states that the energy required in crushing is directly proportional to the area of the new surface created

17. Law which states that the energy required to form particles from very large feed is directly proportional to the

square root of the surface to the volume of the product

18. Law which states that the energy required for crushing is directly proportional to the volume ratio of the initial and

final diameters

19. In the equation, = , is called the _________

6 2

20. Particle size enlargement by sticking together smaller particles using agitation to impact energy to particles and

granules

21. Identify three stresses mechanisms

22. Give two comminution machine using mainly mechanism 1

23. The concept of ________ explains why small particles are difficult to break than large particles

24. (TRUE)

25. A unit operation where a mixture of various sizes of particles is separated into two or more portions, each of which

is more uniform in particle size than the original mixture by allowing the material to pass over a surface provided

with openings of the desired size

26. A 12 mesh screen will have 4 openings per 3 linear inch (True/False)

27. Wet screening refers to an operation where water is added to the material being treated for the purpose of ______

and ________ of the fine material through the screen

28. Number of apertures per linear inch

29. (Tyler Standard)

30. The initial process of combining primary solid particles with a liquid drop to form new granules or nuclei

Problem solving

1.

2. Calculate the sphericity of a cylindrical particle with a diameter of 1 cm and a height of 3 cm (Ans. 0.78)

3. (Number of particles)

4.

5.

6.

7. A material originally of 30 mm particles is crushed to an average size of 10 mm and requires 25 kJ/ kg for this size

reduction. Determine the energy required to crush the material from 20 mm to 5 mm assuming (a) Rittingers law (b)

Kicks law and (c) Bonds law. (56.25 kJ/kg, 31.55 kJ/kg and 41.83 kJ/kg)

8. (Screening)

Identification answers

1. Ferets diameter

2. Equivalent sphere diameter

3. Sedimentation velocity

4. Mode

5. Median

4

6. 2

7.

8. Wet

9. Diffraction

10. Stokes law

11. Permeametry

12. Carman-kozeny

13. Voltage difference

14. Inversely

15. Drag force

16. Rittingers law

17. Bonds law

18. Kicks law

19. Hamakers constant

20. Granulation

21. Crushing, impact, carrier medium

22. Jaw crusher, gyratory crusher

23. Crack propagation

24. TRUE

25. Screening

26. True

27. Washing, facilitating passage

28. Mesh

29. Tyler standard

30. Nucleation

MIDTERMS

1. Any fluid mixture of a pulverized solid with a liquid (usually water), often used as a convenient way of handling solids

in bulk.

2. The apparent viscosity increases as the shear rate increases, and n>1

3. The apparent viscosity decreases as the shear rate increases, and n<1

4. The value of n for Newtonian fluid

5. The minimum amount of stress required to initiate flow

6. (Bingham plastic)

7. (FALSE)

8. Pumps utilize two valves on each end, allowing suction and discharge in both directions

9. (FALSE)

10. Most suitable for the transportation of sticky material

11. (FALSE)

12. Mainly characterized for its great capacity for, preferably, horizontal transport over long distances of a high

percentage of bulk materials.

13. A solid handling equipment used for moving powdered or granular materials to and from storage or between

reaction vessels as in moving bed catalytic.

14. (Size)

15. Is often used to predict packed bed pressure gradient over the entire range of flow conditions

16. (TRUE)

17. (Packed bed)

18. The superficial fluid velocity at which the packed bed becomes a fluidized bed

19. Packed bed Fluidized bed

20. (turbulence)

21. Two types of packing

22. Two types of packing

23. This is the volume seen by the fluid in its fluid dynamic interaction with the particle and includes the volume of all

open and closed pores

24. Mass of particles in a bed over the volume occupied by the particles and voids between them

25. Mass of particles over volume of solids making up the material (true density)

26. Defined as the mass of the particle divided by its hydrodynamic volume

27. (two-phase theory)

28. Are often used in fluidized beds for separating entrained solids from the gas stream

29. (Parallel)

30. (True)

31. Is the formation of agglomerates or aggregates by sticking together of smaller particles and granulation is

agglomeration by agitation methods

1.

2. A belt conveyor is required to deliver crusted lime store having a bulk density of 75 lb/ft3 at the rate of 200 tons

per hour. The conveyor is to be 200 ft between centers of pulleys with a rise of 35 ft. The largest lumps are 4 in

and constitute 15% of the total. The conveyor will discharge over the end. For the belt speed of 200 fpm,

calculate the horsepower for drive motor. (HPt = 9.26 hp)

3. Determine the capacity of a flight conveyor of 12 inches by 24 inches traveling at 100 fpm and handling crushed

limestone with bulk density of 1300kg/m^3. (T = 389.55 ton/hr)

4.

5

FINALS

2. Induced motion of a material in a specified way, usually in circulatory pattern inside a vessel

3. A heterogeneous mixture of intermediate-sized particles that dont settle out

4. Are heterogeneous mixtures of a solid and a liquid in which the solid does not dissolve

5. Applied to a variety of operations, differing widely in the degree of homogeneity of the mixed material

6. Are in which a group of particles taken from any position in the mixture will contain the same proportions of each

particle or it will be homogeneous in the whole mixture

7. Mixture in which the probability of finding a particle of any component is the same at all locations and equal to the

proportion of that component in the mixture as a whole. It can be classified as homogeneous mixture

8. It is a process that uses centrifugal force to promote accelerated settling of particles in a Solid-Liquid Mixture.

9. The component of force acting on a body in curvilinear motion that is directed toward the center of curvature or axis

of rotation

10. The apparent force, equal and opposite to the centripetal force, drawing a rotating body away from the center of

rotation, caused by the inertia of the body

11. Separation of solids from the water phase by attaching the solids to fine air bubbles to decrease the density of the

particles so that they float instead of sinking

12. The rising solids are called the _____

13. process for selectively separating hydrophobic materials from hydrophilic (Froth Flotation)

14. The removal is achieved by injecting gas bubbles into the water or wastewater in a flotation tank or basin (Induced

gas flotation)

15. The removal is achieved by dissolving air in the water or wastewater under pressure and then releasing the air at

atmospheric pressure in a flotation tank basin.

16.

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