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5/20/2016 DetermineTheSpecificGravityOfSoil

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DetermineTheSpecificGravityOfSoil
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ThistestisdonetodeterminethespecificgravityoffinegrainedsoilbydensitybottlemethodasperIS:2720(PartIII/Sec1)1980.Specificgravityis
theratiooftheweightinairofagivenvolume
ofamaterialatastandardtemperaturetotheweightinairofanequalvolumeofdistilledwateratthesamestatedtemperature.
Theapparatusused:
i)Twodensitybottlesofapproximately50mlcapacityalongwithstoppers
ii)Constanttemperaturewaterbath(27.0+0.2oC)
iii)Vacuumdesiccator
iv)Oven,capableofmaintainingatemperatureof105to110oC
v)Weighingbalance,withanaccuracyof0.001g
vi)Spatula

PREPARATIONOFSAMPLE
Thesoilsample(50g)shouldifnecessarybegroundtopassthrougha2mmISSieve.A5to10gsubsampleshouldbeobtainedbyrifflingandoven
driedatatemperatureof105to110oC.

ProceduretoDeterminetheSpecificGravityofFineGrainedSoil
i)Thedensitybottlealongwiththestopper,shouldbedriedatatemperatureof105to110oC,cooledinthedesiccatorandweighedtothenearest0.001g
(W1).

ii)Thesubsample,whichhadbeenovendriedshouldbetransferredtothedensitybottledirectlyfromthedesiccatorinwhichitwascooled.Thebottles
andcontentstogetherwiththestoppershouldbeweighedtothenearest0.001g(W2).

iii)Coverthesoilwithairfreedistilledwaterfromtheglasswashbottleandleaveforaperiodof2to3hrs.forsoaking.Addwatertofillthebottleto
abouthalf.

iv)Entrappedaircanberemovedbyheatingthedensitybottleonawaterbathorasandbath.

v)Keepthebottlewithoutthestopperinavacuumdesiccatorforabout1to2hrs.untilthereisnofurtherlossofair.

vi)Gentlystirthesoilinthedensitybottlewithacleanglassrod,carefullywashofftheadheringparticlesfromtherodwithsomedropsofdistilled
waterandseethatnomoresoilparticlesarelost.

vii)Repeattheprocesstillnomoreairbubblesareobservedinthesoilwatermixture.

viii)Observetheconstanttemperatureinthebottleandrecord.

ix)Insertthestopperinthedensitybottle,wipeandweigh(W3).

x)Nowemptythebottle,cleanthoroughlyandfillthedensitybottlewithdistilledwateratthesametemperature.Insertthestopperinthebottle,wipe
dryfromtheoutsideandweigh(W4).
http://www.engineeringcivil.com/determinethespecificgravityofsoil.html 1/7
5/20/2016 DetermineTheSpecificGravityOfSoil
xi)Takeatleasttwosuchobservationsforthesamesoil.

REPORTINGOFRESULTS
ThespecificgravityGofthesoil=(W2W1)/[(W41)(W3W2)]

Thespecificgravityshouldbecalculatedatatemperatureof27oCandreportedtothenearest0.01.Iftheroomtemperatureisdifferentfrom27oC,the
followingcorrectionshouldbedone:
G=kG
where,
G=Correctedspecificgravityat27oC
k=[Relativedensityofwateratroomtemperature]/Relativedensityofwaterat27oC.

Asampleproformafortherecordofthetestresultsisgivenbelow.Relativedensityofwateratvarioustemperaturesistakenfromtablehere. Relative
DensityWater

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Dispersion Stability and


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5/20/2016 DetermineTheSpecificGravityOfSoil

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Comments

gagandeepbahlJune7,2009at3:56pm

howtofinddrydensityofbackfilledsoilhavingdebris(10100mm)

ReplyLinkQuote
nitinAugust30,2009at6:14pm

pleasegotothesitewherefromyoutookthesoilsampletheremustbetoomanyinsectsetc..askthemm..theyknoeverything

ReplyLinkQuote
samuelNovember3,2010at5:54am

whydistilledwaterisusedbutnottapwater?

ReplyLinkQuote
ahmadJanuary15,2011at1:05pm

Asyouknow,thedistilledwaterhasadensity=1g/ml@4degrees,henceatanothertemperatureorevenanotherconductivity,total
hardnessitgoesto1+0.105

ReplyLinkQuote
pragyaFebruary1,2012at12:25pm

tapwaterwillhavesomeimpuritythatisnotgoingtogiveexactreadingsthatmakesdifferenceinthesp.gravity

ReplyLinkQuote
abhishekFebruary2,2012at10:41am

yesithavesomeinpuritysoyoushouldhavetousedistilledwaterinsteadoftapwater..

ReplyLinkQuote
alpaFebruary17,2011at1:47am

howtofindspecificgravityofcement

ReplyLinkQuote
ashiqDecember9,2011at7:58am

sameastoclayelysoil..verysample

ReplyLinkQuote
EmmanuelNnamdiOKAOctober16,2011at5:04pm

specificgravityshouldbetakenintoconsiderationbyanyengineerprojectsuppervisiontoknowthestrenthofthematerial.

ReplyLinkQuote
karthiJanuary6,2012at7:05am

howtosolvethefollowingqus?apieceofweighting3kginairwasfoundtoweight2.5whensubmergedinwater.finditisspecificgravity?

ReplyLinkQuote
gouravMay2,2013at12:17am

forwatsoiltypedoesG=2.5correspond???
http://www.engineeringcivil.com/determinethespecificgravityofsoil.html 3/7
5/20/2016 DetermineTheSpecificGravityOfSoil
ReplyLinkQuote
EdafititeMarhoNelsonJuly3,2013at3:58am

Inwhichothertypeofexperimentorwhatothermethodcanbeusetodeterminethespecificgravityofanggivensoilsample?

ReplyLinkQuote
ashrafpurakoyilothFebruary25,2015at5:26am

Goodthanks

ReplyLinkQuote
HafizAliRizwanApril9,2015at1:47am

thiswebsiteisverygoodforcivilengineeringstudents

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