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Sample Problems

1. 2 sin 60 5 tan 30 cot 45 4. sin 30 cos 45 tan 60 2 sec 60 +3 csc 45 tan 30 cos 60

2. 2 sin 60 3 cos 45 + tan 30

sin 60 1

3. 4 cos 30 sin 45 + tan 60 5.

cos 30 + 1

Practice Problems

6.

tan 60 + tan 30

2. 3 tan 60 3 cos 45 sec 60 tan 30 tan 60 csc 45 sin 30 cos 30 tan 30 cot 30

7.

cos 45 cot 45 sin 45 cos 45 tan 45 cot 45

3.

sin 45 + tan 45 2 tan 30

8.

1 tan2 30

4. sin2 30 cos 45 tan2 60 2 cot 60 tan 60

(sin 30 ) (cos 30 ) (tan 30 ) cot 30

5. 3 sec 30 cos 60 sin 60 9.

(sin 45 ) (cos 45 ) (tan 45 ) cot 45

Lecture Notes Simplifying Trigonometric Expressions page 2

p p p p p p p p

2 3 8 3 9 2 4 3 3 2 p 2 6 3 2

1.) 2.) or 3.) 3 3 or

3 6 3 2 2 2

p

3p 3 6 16 p

4.) 6 4 or 5.) 7+4 3

4 4

p p p p

2 3 p p p 3 2 7 7p 1 3

1.) 2.) 3 3 4 2 3.) 2 2 3 4.) 5.) 3 6.) 7.)

2 3 2 4 4 2 2

p

p 3

8.) 3 9.) 2

2

Lecture Notes Simplifying Trigonometric Expressions page 3

p

2 3

1. 2 sin 60 5 tan 30 cot 45 =

3

Solution: We rst obtain the exact values of the trigonometric expressions. Using the famous right triangles,

we obtain that p

3 1

sin 60 = tan 30 = p and cot 45 = 1

2 3

Because we will be adding and subtracting these expressions, it is best if we rationalize them rst.

p p

1 3 3

tan 30 = p p =

3 3 3

p p p

3 3 p 5 3

2 sin 60 5 tan 30 cot 45 = 2 5 1= 3

2 3 3

We will then bring these to the common denominator

p p p p p p

p 5 3 3 3 5 3 3 3 5 3 2 3

3 = = =

3 3 3 3 3

Solution: We rst obtain the exact values of the trigonometric expressions. Using the famous right triangles,

we obtain that p

3 1 1

sin 60 = cos 45 = p and tan 30 = p

2 2 3

Because we will be adding and subtracting these expressions, it is best if we rationalize them rst.

p p p p

1 2 2 1 3 3

cos 45 = p p = and tan 30 = p p =

2 2 2 3 3 3

p p p p p

3 2 3 p 3 2 3

2 sin 60 3 cos 45 + tan 30 = 2 3 + = 3 +

2 2 3 2 3

We will then bring these to the common denominator, which is 6 and if there are like terms, we combine them.

p p p p p

p 3 2 3 6 3 9 2 2 3

3 + = +

2 3 6 6 6

p p p p p

6 3 9 2+2 3 8 3 9 2

= =

6 6

p p p p p p

8 3 9 2 8 3 9 2 4 3 3 2

Note: = = is also perfectly acceptable as nal answer.

6 6 6 3 2

3. 4 cos 30 sin 45 + tan 60

Solution: We rst obtain the exact values of the trigonometric expressions. Using the famous right triangles,

we obtain that p

3 1 p

cos 30 = sin 45 = p and tan 60 = 3

2 2

Lecture Notes Simplifying Trigonometric Expressions page 4

Because we will be adding and subtracting these expressions, it is best if we rationalize them rst.

p p

1 2 2

sin 45 = p p =

2 2 2

p p p p

3 2 p p 2 p p 2

4 cos 30 sin 45 + tan 60 = 4 + 3=2 3 + 3= 3 3

2 2 2 2

Note: We can also bring these to the common denominator.

p p p p p

p 2 6 3 2 6 3 2

3 3 = =

2 2 2 2

is also perfectly acceptable.

3p

4. sin 30 cos 45 tan 60 2 sec 60 + 3 csc 45 tan 30 cos 60 = 6 4

4

Solution: We rst obtain the exact values of the trigonometric expressions. Using the famous right triangles,

we obtain that

1 1 p p 1 1

sin 30 = cos 45 = p tan 60 = 3 sec 60 = 2 csc 45 = 2 tan 30 = p and cos 60 =

2 2 3 2

Because we will be adding and subtracting these expressions, it is best if we rationalize them rst.

p p

2 3

cos 45 = and tan 30 =

2 3

sin 30 cos 45 tan 60 2 sec 60 + 3 csc 45 tan 30 cos 60 =

p p p p p p p p p

1 2 p p 3 1 6 3 6 6 6 6 2 6 3 6

= 3 2 2+3 2 = 4+ = 4+ = 4+ = 4

2 2 3 2 4 6 4 2 4 4 4

Note: We can also bring these to the common denominator.

p p p

3 6 3 6 16 3 6 16

4= =

4 4 4 4

is also perfectly acceptable.

sin 60 1 p

5. = 7+4 3

cos 30 + 1

Solution: We rst obtain the exact values of the trigonometric expressions. Using the famous right triangles,

we obtain that p

p p 3

3 3 sin 60 1 1

sin 60 = and cos 30 = and so = p2

2 2 cos 30 + 1 3

+1

2

To clear the denominators, we multiply both numerator and denominator by 2

p !

p 3

3 2 1 p

1 2 3 2

p2 = p !=p

3 3 3+2

+1 2 +1

2 2

We rationalize our result:

p p p p 2 p p

3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 4 3+4 7 4 3 p p

p =p p = = = = 7 4 3 = 7+4 3

3+2 3+2 3 2 3 4 1 1

For more documents like this, visit our page at http://www.teaching.martahidegkuti.com and click on Lecture

Notes. E-mail questions or comments to mhidegkuti@ccc.edu.

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