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Tucson Audubon Society |

May–June 2009 | Volume 54, Number 3

Birds and
Water Rights for
Our Environment 3
A Dow Jones
Index for Birds 12
Flowing Water and
Bird Diversity 14

What’s in a Name?
Lucifer Hummingbird 10
Where to Go, Birds to See 16

T U C S O N A U D U B O N ’ S B I - M O N T H LY N E W S L E T T E R
10 What’s in a Name? Lucifer
11 Riparian Areas in Southeastern
Tucson Audubon Society is dedicated to improving
the quality of the environment by providing education, 12 A Dow Jones Index for Birds
conservation, and recreation programs,
environmental leadership, and information. Tucson 14 Why Birds Need Surface Water
Audubon is a non-profit volunteer organization of
people with a common interest in birding and natural 16 Up, Down, All Around
history. Tucson Audubon maintains offices, a library,
and nature shops in Tucson, the proceeds of which
benefit all of its programs. Departments
Tucson Audubon Society
300 E. University Blvd. #120, Tucson, AZ 85705 3 Guest Commentary
629-0510 (voice) or 623-3476 (fax)
All phone numbers are area code 520 unless otherwise stated. 4 News Roundup
8 Events and Classes
Board Officers & Directors
Messages 622-5622 9 Events Calendar
President Herb Trossman FRONT COVER: Yellow-billed Cuckoo.
Vice President Mich Coker 17 Conservation & Education News Photo ©2007 by Steve Baranoff,
Secretary Robert Merideth
Treasurer Tom Rehm 19 Field Trips specializing in bird images, based in
Board Committees Conservation Chris McVie, Development Austin (TX) and Richmond (VA),
Sandy Elers, Education Cynthia Pruett, Finance Tom Rehm, 22 Classified Ads
Nominating Robert Merideth
Directors at Large Clark Blake, Mary Kay Eiermann, Sandy 22 Birding Travel from our Business
Elers, Julie Gordon, Linda Greene, Craig Marken, Robert Partners To have your photographs considered
Mesta, Liz Payne, Bill Roe, Jessie Shinn, Linda Stitzer,
Bob Wenrick
for use in the Vermilion Flycatcher,
26 Elected Officials Contact List
Directors at Large Elect Richard Fray, Neil Markowitz, please contact Matt Griffiths at
Cynthia Pruett, Adrian Quijada 26 Nature Shops
Programs & Activities
Field Trips Darlene Smyth 297-2315 27 Bookends
Library David West 629-0510
Membership Meetings Chris Harrison 629-0757
Rare Bird Alert John Yerger | Report Rare Birds 798-1005
Executive Director Paul Green
Operations Manager Michael Monyak
629-0757 Spending Time with Family Outdoors

Accountant Jean Boris 629-0757
Accountant Michelle Bourgeois 629-0757 Sara Pike, Nature Shop Manager
Education Program Manager Carrie Dean 622-2230
Outreach Specialist Matt Brooks 622-2230 Field Guide: $20
Membership Development Chris Harrison 629-0757 PB&J Picnic: $15
Membership Coordinator Jean Barchman 622-5622
IBA Conservation Biologist Scott Wilbor 628-1730 Spending Time with Family Outdoors: Priceless!
IBA Program Assistant Ruth Wilderman 628-1730
Restoration Program Manager Kendall Kroesen 206-9900 It seems, lately, that we are all looking for something
Field Supervisor Rodd Lancaster 256-6909 stable and beautiful to cling to; something we can
Restoration/Communications Specialist
Matthew Griffiths 206-9900
believe in and feel comfortable with. Spring time
Mason Outreach Coordinator Lia Sansom 971-6238 seems the perfect time to step back and reflect on
University Shop Manager Sara Pike 622-2230 what it means to find that spirituality and comfort in
Agua Caliente Shop Manager Becky Aparicio 760-7881
nature. Nature does not judge, nature does not turn
Tucson Audubon Nature Shops
300 E University Blvd #120 629-0510 you away. Nature only wants to show you more.
623-3476 fax / 622-2230 Shop Manager Consider spending time outdoors with your family,
Hours: Mon–Sat 10 AM–4 PM (5 PM Mon & Thu)
or on your own, as an inexpensive, fun and educational
Agua Caliente Park, 12325 E Roger Rd 760-7881
Hours: Tue, Fri, Sat 9 AM–3:30 PM (May & June)
way to bring something special and different to your life.
You can pick up an easy field guide to the wildflowers,
Vermilion Flycatcher is published bi-monthly. For address
insects, birds or mammals. Then head out on the trail, or
changes or subscription problems call 622-5622, or write to
Membership Coordinator, Tucson Audubon, 300 E. University into your own neighborhood, to start an identification journey!
Blvd, #120, Tucson, AZ 85705. Submissions are due the 1st Children especially enjoy this process of learning about the
of the month, two months before the date of the issue. Please
world around them.
send submissions as Microsoft Word or RTF documents,
or plain text files, to Matt Griffiths at If you’re looking for a more structured approach to the outdoors, you could also give our Riparian Family Institute a try. This Institute is held along
Coordinator Matt Griffiths 206-9900 the San Pedro River north of Tucson (this year, in March and again in the fall). Spend
Proofreaders Jane & Warren Tisdale 749-2139 and
Tucson Audubon staff and board members fun time with family learning about life along our precious rivers. Look for more details
Layout Eng-Li Green on this Institute in future newsletters.

2 Tucson Audubon Vermilion Flycatcher MAY–JUNE 2009


Ecosytem Rights? In Arizona?

Though Arizona has a well-deserved
reputation for gains in managing water
quality and quantity for human use, there
are virtually no state-based regulations
that are intended to protect habitat or Some new ideas are being
ecosystems. Multiple states have considered that focus on market-
developed environmental quality acts that based tools that provide financial
require environmental assessments in incentives for existing users to
addition to those required by federal law, KENDALL KROESEN voluntarily lease or sell water
but Arizona is not among them. At this rights for environmental
time, the closest to a water right for the purposes. In other states there
environment in Arizona is the ability to are water trusts that provide
designate in-stream flow water rights for water for environmental flow
fish and wildlife purposes, but there are purposes, and in some there
restrictions on who can apply for such are mitigation banks and other
rights. Even if one meets the requirements, Sycamore Canyon Creek similar mechanisms. So far, the most
the water right will be junior to all upstream successful approach here is buying land
users who established their prior regulatory authority. Recently, limited and retiring the surface water rights, or
appropriation rights at an earlier date. discussions arose about the possibility converting them to instream flow rights. To
Several countries and cities have of a new state legislative initiative, but the extent that there are no new diverters
recently amended their water rights that concept appears to have been either upstream in the surface water
systems to establish legally enforceable abandoned. Second, all of the surface regime or up-gradient in the groundwater
environmental rights for nature, or water rights in Arizona are already regime, this is an effective way to preserve
ecosystem rights. They include multiple appropriated, so if water rights were water-based habitat. Still, it is based on
municipalities in the US, as well as South allocated to the environment, they would “treating nature as property” rather than
Africa, South Australia, and as of last have to be reallocated from an existing acknowledging the rights of environmental
September, Ecuador. user. This compounds the potential for systems to “exist, persist, maintain and
objections to a new water rights regime regenerate its vital cycles, structure,
and would make such environmental functions and its processes in evolution”
“The Rights of Nature laws  water rights costly. Third, establishing as now allowed in the Ecuador
represent changes to the status of water rights for the environment is only Constitution.
property law, eliminating the authority the first step in actually protecting Though the state legislature seems
of a property owner to interfere with environmental flows. At the current time, less likely than ever to be interested in
the functioning of ecosystems that state-initiated enforcement of Arizona’s this idea, a number of environmental
exist and depend upon that property surface water rights is virtually unknown, organizations are increasingly interested
for their existence and flourishing . and the Arizona Department of Water in non-regulatory or market-based
Ecuador’s constitution  recognize(s) Resources is in the process of being approaches to securing water supplies to
that ecosystems possess the dismantled by the legislature. Without protect environmental flows. It is worth
inalienable and fundamental right to proactive implementation and spending some time and effort on this
exist and flourish, and that people enforcement, a new water rights system topic while we do still have a couple of
possess the legal authority to enforce would have little impact. flowing streams.
those rights on behalf of ecosystems.” Fourth, though Arizonans do value the
—Community Environmental few remaining free-flowing streams, it Information on the recent vote in Ecuador
Legal Defense Fund appears that private property rights is from a Community Environmental Legal
advocates have failed to notice that these Defense Fund news release at www.celdf.
amenities add significantly to existing land org/Home/tabid/36/Default.aspx. VF

What about the potential to establish

rights of this kind in Arizona? Looking at values, as has been shown by numerous
the last 30 years of history, there are studies by Bonnie Colby, Rosalind Bark, Until July 1, Kathy Jacobs is the director
certain unavoidable facts. First, though and others. In other words, if we are truly of the Arizona Water Institute and a
there have been several major attempts at interested in protecting private property professor at The University of Arizona.
providing some level of protection for rights, protecting the few remaining She is the former director of the Arizona
riparian areas, none have been successful riparian amenities should rise to the top of Department of Water Resources Tucson
at providing even very limited new our agenda. However, this IS Arizona. Active Management Area.

MAY–JUNE 2009 Vermilion Flycatcher Tucson Audubon 3

installed two “rain gardens”— Society. Together Green is an
TUCSON AUDUBON landscape basins that harvest Audubon program with funding
NEWS ROUNDUP rainwater and grow native from Toyota (see
plants. We have been working
with the neighborhood to

Working Together Green increase awareness of

sustainable landscaping

in Tucson neighborhoods practices and the wildlife that

can be supported by
Kendall Kroesen, Restoration Program Manager homeowners. Many more
gardens and educational
events are planned.
Tucson Audubon is reaching businesses, and that has a big
Work at Barrio Kroeger Lane
out to neighborhoods that want carbon footprint. We need to
is being supported by a
more sustainable, bird-friendly create landscapes of native
TogetherGreen Innovation
landscapes. plants that survive on
Grant from National Audubon
In March and April I spoke harvested rainwater. These
to three central Tucson landscapes need to make
neighborhoods about some shade to cool our city, and they
basic landscaping principles need to support declining
and the ecological issues they species of birds and other
could help address. In May I wildlife.
will speak to a neighborhood If your neighborhood
association on the northwest association or homeowners
side. association would like to hear
The message is that we use more about these ideas,
far too much potable water on please contact me. I would be
landscaping, and we get little glad to visit.
in return in terms of urban In March we broke ground
wildlife habitat. The potable with our first major partner in
water we use takes energy to this endeavor, Barrio Kroeger
pump it to our homes and Lane. In private yards we

Top: A newly constructed rain garden

in a yard in Barrio Kroeger Lane. Nine
species of wildlife-friendly, native
plants were planted in the basin.
Some provide berries and seeds for
birds, some attract hummingbirds and
other pollinators, and a small tree and
large shrub will provide cover and
nesting opportunities.
Middle: The rain garden is positioned
below a roofline where rainwater spills
over. Formerly that rainwater flooded
the adjacent dirt parking area and
spilled out into the road. Now some of
it will infiltrate into the ground in the
garden. The homeowners like it so
much they plan to build another one!
Bottom: A youth from Barrio Kroeger
Lane helps Restoration Program Field
Supervisor Rodd Lancaster line a
second basin, in another yard, with
rock to prevent erosion.

4 Tucson Audubon Vermilion Flycatcher MAY–JUNE 2009

Liz’s Grove provides a window into the Lower San Pedro
River IBA and its many birds of conservation concern
Scott Wilbor, Important Bird Areas Program Conservation Biologist

By now many of you know the
Arizona Important Bird Areas Program
at Tucson Audubon and Audubon
Arizona is providing biological
information and facilitating
partnerships to advance the
conservation of critical habitat within
the Lower San Pedro River Important
Bird Area. But, some of you may not
know about an ideal place along the
Lower San Pedro River where you
can go right now to see the birds that
we are working so hard to conserve.
This birding area is called Liz’s Grove.
It is located near Dudleyville, Arizona,
at the far north (downstream) end of
the IBA. The site is privately owned
and accessed by calling Bill Taylor,
the property steward (visit The Bureau of
Land Management holds a
conservation easement over the
Liz’s Grove is a nice place to
experience the high quality riverine
habitat we are trying to conserve A nine-mile reach of the Lower San
throughout this IBA. Here you can see Pedro River (above) through private
Southwestern Willow Flycatchers (part lands at San Manuel, Arizona, is a key
of the largest population in the state), site of our Important Bird Area
Program bird studies this spring and
dense nesting populations of Lucy’s
summer in order to assist this IBA’s
Warbler and Bell’s Vireo, and conservation and protection.
significant populations of Yellow-billed Within the Lower San Pedro River

Cuckoo, plus nesting raptors including IBA, Liz’s Grove (right) at Dudleyville,
Mississippi Kite, Gray Hawk, Common Arizona, is a fine place to see many


Black-Hawk and Zone-tailed Hawk. bird species we are trying to
Audubon’s WatchList birds include:
Bell’s Vireo (Red listed—highest
ranking), Lucy’s Warbler, and Abert’s viewing all these spectacular riparian
Towhee (both Yellow listed). Arizona birds.
Game and Fish Department On the broader front of
recognizes Species of Greatest conservation for this 22-mile river Program, for which we are very to provide all our key
Conservation Need, and that list reach, the Arizona IBA program is grateful. We are particularly interested partners with the necessary bird
includes the rest of the species above. embarking on an inventory of in mapping nest territories and population and habitat data to inform
Some other observable birds include: migration stop-over birds and all recording habitat features for Gray decisions on how to best protect this
Vermilion Flycatcher, Yellow Warbler, nesting birds during this spring and Hawk, Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Tropical privately owned section of high quality
Yellow-breasted Chat, and Hooded summer of 2009, focused on BHP and Thick-billed Kingbirds. Three riparian habitat within this IBA. We are
Oriole. Most of this larger IBA is a Billiton lands along a nine-mile river other upland birds of conservation working so that more areas like Liz’s
patchwork of different private and reach near San Manuel, Arizona. BHP concern occur in the IBA because of Grove are conserved and available to
public lands that are hard to access Billiton, a mining company that the proximity of saguaros and the public to enjoy, while protecting
and to safely park your vehicle. Liz’s presently manages these riparian Sonoran Desert-scrub bordering the the birds and high quality habitat that
Grove is a welcoming place to bird, lands, has provided financial and riparian area: Gilded Flicker, Costa’s make this IBA so special a place in
have a picnic, and spend some time logistical assistance to the IBA Hummingbird, and Elf Owl. Our goal is Arizona!

MAY–JUNE 2009 Vermilion Flycatcher Tucson Audubon 5

Wales, United Kingdom, and earned a youngest ever committee member of
PhD for a study of rattlesnakes. Upon the Leicester-shire & Rutland
my return to Mexico, I worked as Ornithological Society, serving on
professor at the University of numerous sub-committees. He was
Tucson Audubon welcomes new Michoacán. In 2008 I moved to
Arizona as a research scientist in The
also Editor of the Society's newsletter,
The Grebe, for three years, and
board members University of Arizona’s School of designed the Society’s website, which
Natural Resources. I love field trips, is regularly positioned in the top 20 of
At the Annual Meeting of the Tucson Master of Science from the University
particularly if these include birding and all birding websites worldwide. He ran
Audubon Society, held April 13, 2009, of Michigan. I have always loved
‘herping’. I believe that my interest in the second-longest running bird
the members present elected the traveling and living internationally. I
binational and trans-border wildlife survey in the UK, on behalf of the
following persons to the Board of worked for two years for the Israeli
and education issues coincides LROS and British Trust for
Directors: Herb Trossman, President, Ministry of Environment, researching
greatly with Tucson Audubon Ornithology, for three years, and was
and Mich Coker, Vice President, air quality issues in the late 1970s.
objectives and goals.” also involved in the project to
each elected to a second, two-year Subsequently, I lived in Australia and
reintroduce Ospreys to England. He’s
term; and Richard Fray, Neil taught on the faculty at Deakin Cynthia Pruett
now an active participant in Christmas
Markowitz, Cynthia Pruett, and University outside of Melbourne in the “With a BS in Chemical Engineering
Bird Counts in Tucson, Elfrida, and
Adrian Quijada, each to their first, mid-1980s. After spending five years and later an MBA, a good portion of
three-year term as Director at Large. as the director of a community nature my career was spent as an executive
Richard lives in midtown Tucson
The re-elected officers and newly center in New Jersey, I moved to in IBM. I directed many departments
with his wife Melanie and their eight
elected directors will commence their Tucson and cofounded in 1991 the dealing with environmental, health
cats and dogs. When not involved
terms at the board’s meeting on May Environmental Education Exchange. and safety issues, and set policy for
with wildlife, he likes to spend time
4, 2009, joining the board’s 11 Since graduate school, I have enjoyed the corporation worldwide. My main
socializing and following his favorite
continuing members. bird watching, and since childhood interests include birding, gardening,
English soccer team, Leicester City.
The board, staff, and other Tucson have found nourishment and solace in photography, and travel. For the past
He owns a web design company and
Audubon affiliates extend their the out-of-doors. I hope to lend to year, I have served as a non-board
is a keen amateur wildlife
deepest gratitude to departing board Tucson Audubon my educational member chair of the Education
photographer (www.rpf-wildlife-
members Clark Blake and Bob expertise in the areas of strategic Committee. As a new board member, I
Wenrick, each having served one planning, program development, and believe we must continually engage
Richard is looking forward to
term on the board, and Robert Mesta, evaluation to help advance the our members and the public with top-
working with Tucson Audubon,
who served the limit of two terms. In society’s already successful and notch education programs that are fun
especially in the areas of technology,
recognition of exemplary service to growing educational program. I also and increase knowledge. This
development, and conservation.
the Society, the Board of Directors will look forward to sharing knowledge will give people a greater
award each with a lifetime Friends of camaraderie and a passion for appreciation of the environment and
Tucson Audubon membership. the environment with other members the role of birds that will ultimately
Tucson Audubon welcomes four and friends of the organization.” lead us to conserve our ever-declining
new board members. We invite you to natural resources.”
Adrian Quijada-Mascareñas
learn a little about their backgrounds.
“I was born in Sonora, Mexico, where Richard Fray
Neil Markowitz I acquired my fascination for wildlife. Richard was born in Leicester,
“I have been a professional My early studies focused on England, in 1973, and lived there until
environmental educator for more than herpetology and ornithology, and went moving to Tucson in 2002. He grew
25 years. I have an undergraduate on to graduate studies in ecology and up around wildlife and has always
degree from Rutgers University and a evolution. I went to graduate school in taken a keen interest in it. He was the



Above right: Cynthia Pruett selling raffle tickets at the 2008 Ironwood Festival to raise funds for Tucson Audubon’s Mason Center and its programs.
Below left to right: Neil Markowitz, Adrian Quijada-Mascareñas with a gila monster, Richard Fray pointing to a Spotted Owl.
6 Tucson Audubon Vermilion Flycatcher MAY–JUNE 2009
New staff financial management From fun to funding
team in place To continue as an agent for your
“quality of life”, to continue to protect
Tucson Audubon is pleased to have a worked up to the position of and restore habitat throughout our
new, well-qualified, and experienced Controller. About three years ago, I region for wildlife and people, Tucson
team in place to manage our finances. began pursuing a Bachelor’s degree Audubon needs your generous
Jean Boris, CPA, joined Tucson in Interior Design, and am still working donations this spring. Please contact
Audubon as our Accountant in towards that as a part-time student. Chris Harrison at 629-0757 or
November. Jean and her husband Between my college studies, for
owned and operated a steel- taking care of a home, and two dogs I details on any of the following:
construction company for ten years, seem to have very little time for time  Birdathon 2009 is our most
and she has more than 20 years for recreation! One of my favorite significant spring fundraiser. You still

accounting experience in various areas to hike is Madera Canyon and have until May 10 to start a birding/
industries. have become addicted to the fundraising team or donate to teams
Jean’s personal interests mostly tranquility offered by the setting. I am that approach you for support. Or you
involve her family and nature, and she fortunate that my home backs up to a can make a simple donation online at
enjoys hiking, biking, camping, and natural riparian wash on the far Jean Rios was born in
backyard birding. Spending time at eastside of Tucson and enjoy seeing birdathon to support our Birdathon Plymouth, Michigan and is now
the beach is a family favorite. Jean the wildlife that literally lives in my efforts. a Tucson resident. She is a
joined Tucson Audubon to get backyard. Donate $500 by May 12 and retired teacher. Jean first joined
involved with a community that I hope that my accounting and join a group of up to 12 people, Tucson Audubon Society in the
supports conservation and nature, organizational skills will contribute to including leader Rick Wright 1980s. Her community involve-

and she hopes that her accounting the overall success of Tucson (Managing Director of WINGS Birding
ment includes working at the
experience will contribute to the Audubon. My goal is to help the Tours Worldwide), in Madera Canyon
Tucson Audubon Nature Shop,
sustainability of our organization, the organization be the best steward on May 13th. Enjoy relaxed birding
and for Primavera, KUAT-TV,
birding community, and the possible of the funds given to it. I followed by brunch and good
Inter-mountain Centers for
environment in general. Additionally, hope my association here will help me conversation (see p 28 for details).
Human Development, Ben’s
she hopes to gain experience and to become an environmentally aware Tucson Audubon is organizing a
Bells, Victim Witness, and
knowledge about conservation, designer in the future, with a strong series of house parties for members
Ronald MacDonald House.
education, and birding from Tucson interest in “green design.” and friends in different neighbor-
Audubon’s many supporters. hoods. Meet, eat, and talk with board SIX QUESTIONS
Michelle Bourgeois, Jean’s and staff to learn about and support a First time you went birding?
accounting colleague who joined us in program of your choice. When I first attended Tucson
March, writes: “I have lived in Tucson Tucson Audubon staff needs your Audubon’s Institute of Desert

since 1982, and have been doing financial support in order to represent Ecology.
accounting for more than 27 years. the voice of conservation throughout
Your level of birding?
My longest career association was our community. If you value the
with PICOR Commercial Real Estate outcomes of our work, please donate
here in Tucson for 10 years, where I Madera Canyon Favorite places to go birding?
today. We thank you for your support.
Patagonia area, Sulfur Springs
Valley, Salton Sea, Bosque del
Unusual event that happened
Dorene Anderson, Edward & Gail Apple, Robert Arnberger, Caroline Bates, Jason Beale, David & Nora Berklich,
while birding? Calling in a
L. Anne-Arin Berlin, Christine Berry, Anne Bowden, William Brascher, Shannon Breslin & Kristin Terpening, Louise M.
birding guide at Patagonia
Buschmann, Ruth Cañada, Chris Caseine, Charlene Cavender, Ron Cinkus, Sara & David Clement, Barbara
Covarrubias, Robert Cox, John Crow, Barbara D. Cunningham, Kay Cutter, Robert & Cathey Daugherty, Barbara
Roadside Rest with my
Deneen, Jackson Dennis, Harinam Elliott, Phyllis Florek, Judith Fortney, William Gardner, Myrna Gary, Paul & Cecilia
Audubon bird tweeter—I
Gee, Charles Giddings, Janet Gray, David Griffis, William Grings, William Grove, Carey Haas, Muggsi Hahn, Nina thought he had moved off.
Hansen, Karen Harris, George Hawthorne, Christopher & Donna Helms, Gifford & Cynthia Hoyer, James & Elaine Favorite bird and where did
Hutton, JoAnn Jackson, Cathleen Johnson, Sarah Jordan, Edward & Bunny Kleckner, Peter Lawless, Helen Lester, Yue you see it? Black Skimmer and
Li, Kim Lile, Rebecca Limas, Warren & Felicia May, James McConnell, Robert & Judy Miller, Douglas Moore, Bernard Wood Stork at Salton Sea;
Morenz, Ryan Morgan, Ted & Emily Morrison, David & Janice Munger, Doug Munson, Marcia Nedland, John & Krista Elegant Trogon at Cave Creek
Neis, Linda Nelson, Ted & Sandra Notz, Sharon Overstreet, Janice Pachelbel,Patricia Patten, Joy Phoenix, Don & Linda in the Chiricahuas; Rufous-
Piele, Lee & Bobbie Probst, David Quanrud, Erique Rivas, Patricia Roediger, Robert Rosenthal, George & Edie Schlieff, capped Warbler at French Joe
Olivia & Saxe Sheeran, Farshad Shirazi, Kay L. Shoudy, Terje & Ellen Skotheim, Jeanne Slavin, Sanders Solot, Robert Canyon in June (100+ degrees)
& Carmine Tapley, Abbott & Martha Taylor, Ken Thompson, Donna Tolbert-Anderson, Jennifer Vella, Robert Villa, Steve Other hobbies? Reading,
West, Terry & Judy Weymouth, Mark Wilson, Dr. Howard Winkler, Rose Yniguez colored-pencil art, math and
Jean Barchman, Membership Coordinator logic puzzles VF

MAY–JUNE 2009 Vermilion Flycatcher Tucson Audubon 7

TUCSON AUDUBON Living With Nature
May 4, Monday 7 PM
DuVal Auditorium, University Medical
Center (UMC)
Encounters with North America's Most
Iconic Birds with Paul Bannick
Award-winning photographer Paul Bannick will take
us on a visual journey of 11 key North American
habitats through the needs of North America's owl
and woodpecker species. He will focus on species
found in Southeastern Arizona. This stunning
photographic study will be accompanied by field
stories and rich natural history derived from
thousands of hours in the field. His talk will look at
the way owls and woodpeckers define and enrich
their habitat and how their life-histories are
Paul is an award-winning photographer whose
work has appeared in Audubon magazine as well

as many other books, magazines, and on exhibit at

parks, refuges and other places in North America
Ferruginous Pygmy-Owls and Europe. His recently released book, The Owl
and the Woodpecker: Encounters with North
America's Most Iconic Birds, will be available at the
lecture. For more details, see page 27.
Note: The Tucson Audubon Living With Nature
series takes a break during the summer and will
resume in September.


International Migratory
Bird Day t-shirt and
migration poster will
be available in the
Nature Shops in
May, and also at

our store at the

IMBD celebration
in Madera
Ladder-backed Woodpecker
T-shirt $20
Poster $3
International Migratory Bird Day at Madera Canyon
May 2, Saturday 9 AM–3 P M
Madera Canyon
Join Tucson Audubon, Friends of Madera Canyon, National Forest Service, and other conservation
organizations to celebrate International Migratory Bird Day (IMBD) at the Whitehouse Picnic Area in Madera
Canyon. There will be bird walks (might begin before 9 AM), and activities for all ages. For more information
go to or or contact Chris Harrison at 629-0757 or
IMBD is officially the second Saturday in May each year, but events can be held any time to celebrate the
arrival or journey of migratory birds. The 2009 IMBD theme is “Birds in Culture” (see right for some IMBD
items available in our Nature Shops).

8 Tucson Audubon Vermilion Flycatcher MAY–JUNE 2009

Tucson Audubon Expert-led Important Bird Areas
Birdathon Teams Program Surveys Through May 10. Tucson Audubon’s
May 2 & May 7 Various dates in May–July Birdathon. Put the “fun” back in fundraising!
Madera and many birding hotspots Patagonia Mountains and No experience necessary!
If you don't have a Birdathon team, it’s not too late Lower San Pedro River
Through May 15. Tucson Bird Count
to join one of ours! It’s a great way to meet other If you have been through IBA Bird Monitoring
training or are particularly experienced with formal
May 2, Saturday 9 AM–3 PM. International
local birders and nature lovers. Each team will be
bird surveys, we want your help! Five events are
Migratory Bird Day at Madera Canyon
led by a professional local guide or a Tucson
coming up, all with Friday night stays. Patagonia
(details p 8)
Audubon staff member. All you do is sign up, ask
your friends and family for pledges, and show up Mountains (camping): May 16 and June 6 May 2, Saturday 7:30–10:30 AM. Migration in
for a great time. Registration is required: contact (transects). Lower San Pedro BHP riparian-lands, Madera Tucson Audubon Birdathon event with
Chris Harrison at 629-0757 or San Manuel, AZ: May 30 (point counts), June 20 Paul Green and staff (details left) (mature tall tree groves focus), and July 11 (final
May 2, Saturday 3 AM–8 PM. Gonzo Birders
transect). Call Scott Wilbor or Ruth Wilderman at
BEGINNER BIRDATHON TEAMS Tucson Audubon Birdathon event led by John
the Tucson Audubon IBA Office for more details
A minimum of $150 in pledges or donations is Yerger (details left)
(628-1730). VF

requested from each team member. May 4, Monday 7 PM. Living With Nature
Migration in Madera, with Paul Green and Tucson Lecture, Tucson: The Owl and the
Audubon staff. May 2, 7:30–10:30 AM: Madera Woodpecker with Paul Bannick (details p 8)
Canyon is one of the best birding locations in
May 7, Thursday 2 AM–7:30 PM. Hoyer’s
Arizona; at this time of year we may see 40 or
Voyeurs Tucson Audubon Birdathon event led
more species as we travel from canyon bottom
by Rich Hoyer (details left)
towards the mountain top.
May 16, Jun 6. IBA Survey Patagonia
Mountains (details left)
A minimum of $250 in pledges or donations is
requested from each team member. May 30. Birdie Brunch and Awards Ceremony
Gonzo Birders, with John Yerger, Adventure
for Tucson Audubon Birdathon participants
Birding senior guide. May 2, 3 AM–8 PM. Immerse May 30, Jun 20, Jul 11. IBA Survey Lower
yourself in the ultimate Birdathon experience with a San Pedro BHP riparian lands (details left)
veteran guide and Big Day planner. We'll hit a few

hotspots like Madera Canyon and Patagonia, and

some “secret” spots during a 17-hour, coffee-
fueled marathon filled with almost every species Montezuma Quail
imaginable. Our target is 150+ species. Limited to
10 participants. Transportation included.
Hoyer's Voyeurs, with Rich Hoyer, senior guide for
WINGS. May 7, 2 AM–7:30 PM. Starting with owls
and other nightly audibles, this big-day attempt
assumes we won’t need all 24 hours to tally a huge
list. But with 17.5 hours planned, we’ll shoot for a
whopping 175 species within the boundaries of
Pima and Santa Cruz Counties! Limited to 10
participants. Transportation included.
Remember to collect and send in your pledges and
donations by May 20 for a chance at some cool
prizes. Then come and celebrate your efforts and
win prizes at the Birdie Brunch and Awards
Ceremony on May 30.


A pair of Rufous-capped Warblers has been entertaining birders in Florida Canyon this spring. On
The Birdathon kick-off at Sweetwater Wetlands April 4, the birds landed within seven feet of Julie Battiste of Hereford, before heading up the canyon.
netted Paul Green and team 55 species. Julie last saw the birds about 75 feet along the canyon, above the lone sycamore. VF

MAY–JUNE 2009 Vermilion Flycatcher Tucson Audubon 9


Lucifer Hummingbird

Lucifer Hummingbird  Hmmm. Is it bearer.” Thus, it became “Little Bluish

evil? Does it have horns? Might it be Light-bearer” (like a small torch sailing in
“round the next corner” in a Dungeons & the air). Later it was reclassified in the
Dragons game? Thankfully the answer to genus Calothorax, Greek for “beautiful
all of these questions is almost certainly breasted.” Modern birders, with all of our
“no”, and an encounter with one of these field guides in hand, would call their
little avian gems is almost certain to make gorgets purple instead of bluish and RGE
one’s day. Little studied, this species is a specify throat instead of breast, but that’s
rare and local summer breeder in our being picky!
region, and has only become regular in bill and dark auricular patch bordered by
Arizona since the 1970s. It’s speculated Both sexes have a distinctly a lighter stripe behind. Both of these
that this might be due to an increase in decurved bill, not seen on females have rich buff flanks.
the number of feeding stations, other U.S. hummingbirds. In Arizona, Lucifer Hummingbirds are
augmented by increased numbers of present April through mid-October in the
observers. High on the list of wanted Habitat preference for Lucifer Chiricahua and Huachuca Mountains, and
sightings by visiting birders, in present Hummingbirds is arid open areas have bred in both. Feeders in the Portal
times it is fairly easy to encounter by populated with agaves. Though chiefly area are probably your best bet in the
following the Rare Bird Alert and listserv pollinated by bats, agaves have an Chiricahuas. Ash Canyon B&B has
postings. I often wonder if the birders of abundant nectar supply that strongly become the most reliable spot in the
yesteryear would scoff at us—they had to attracts this species. Big Bend National Huachucas in recent years, plus they’re
go out and find these rarer birds on their Park in Texas is the stronghold for sometimes at Beatty’s Guest Ranch in
own! breeding in the U.S, with an estimated nearby Miller Canyon.
fifty females nesting there and a probable So, if you’ve had a “devil” of a time
Little studied, this species is similar number of males about. Like most finding one of these rare hummingbirds,
a rare and local summer other hummingbirds, males don’t pair- head to one of these locations after
breeder in our region, and bond, but rather limit their activities to studying up on your field guides, and you
has only become regular in finding and displaying for females. might add this one to your life list. Good
Arizona since the 1970s. Interesting (and considered unique luck! VF

among hummingbirds) is that males

Back in 1827 British naturalist William display to females sitting on their nests
Swainson first classified this species, (versus displaying at nectar sources).
originally naming it Cyanthus lucifer—cyn Identification of Lucifer Hummingbirds
is Greek for “blue,” anthus Greek for is fairly routine, though, as usual, females
either “bright” or “small bird,” and lucifer take more care than males. Both sexes
being Latin for “light-bearing” or “torch- have a distinctly decurved bill, not seen
on other U.S. hummingbirds. Some
hummingbirds, such as Black-
chinned, can have slight bill
curvature that looks
exaggerated when viewed in a
foreshortened manner; but once seen
well, the Lucifer’s bill should become a
diagnostic field mark. The vivid purple Hummingbirds of the American West by
gorget of the male might be confused with Lynn Hassler Kaufman. Detailed descriptions of
that of Costa’s Hummingbird, but Lucifer field marks, behavioral characteristics, habitat
has a greenish crown. Males do have a requirements, and prime locations, together with
markedly forked tail, but it is almost never extraordinary color photos. $12.95
visible as it is held to a point when Frequently Asked Questions about Hummingbirds
perched. Females share similarity to How long do hummingbirds live? How fast do
female Broad-tailed Hummingbirds, and hummingbirds beat their wings? Learn the
are commonly seen together. Key answers to these questions and many others in
WE differences to look for are the decurved this easy-to-read book. $4.95

10 Tucson Audubon Vermilion Flycatcher MAY–JUNE 2009


Riparian Areas in Southeastern Arizona

A Long-term Priority for Tucson Audubon


Riparian areas—the ecosystems along annual “total economic impact” of wildlife

rivers, streams, cienegas and washes— watching (much of which is birding) is
take many forms in southeast Arizona. now more than $1.5 billion. Riparian remaining riparian areas as high priority
Snowmelt trickles down mountain areas are key to that. In addition, studies areas for conservation and restoration (see
streams. Large canyons host perennial show that property values are higher near
streams that drain out into the desert. intact riparian areas. When the Santa Cruz River’s protection
Large networks of desert washes carry After a 1945 visit to the Rillito in Tucson, under the Clean Water Act was threatened
stormwater into lowland drainages, Herbert Brandt described “haughty recently by the Army Corps of Engineers,
sometimes in great surging flash floods. cottonwoods that tower along its margin, Tucson Audubon reacted forcefully to
And perennial or intermittent lowland either in groves or strung out as scattered inform appropriate policy makers. The
streams and rivers coalesce and run individuals. Mingled with the cottonwoods Environmental Protection Agency reversed
through our desert basins. (were) an understory of open shrubbery  the Corps’ decision, and protections
In the Southwest, less than one percent willows, and numbers of dense, desert remain, although now under legal
of the land surface contains riparian elderberry .” Brandt joyfully described challenge by the National Homebuilders
vegetation. Nonetheless, the habitat is herons, egrets, vireos, warblers, Association and the Southern Arizona
crucial to wildlife. In Arizona and New yellowthroats, orioles, towhees, sparrows, Homebuilders Association (see page 18).
Mexico eighty percent of all animals make buntings, and other birds. Tucson Audubon recently fought against
use of riparian areas at some point in their Given all the benefits of riparian areas, high-density developments along riparian
lives. Seventy percent of threatened and it is shocking to see what we have lost areas in rural northern Santa Cruz County.
endangered vertebrates in Arizona depend since Brandt’s visit. The forests of the In 2008 the Board of Supervisors
on riparian habitat. More than fifty percent Santa Cruz and Rillito Rivers in Tucson approved the development in spite of
of breeding bird species in the Southwest have been hit hard by groundwater opposition by the Planning and Zoning
nest primarily in riparian habitats. pumping. The San Pedro River is barely Commission. Several groups, including
For humans, riparian areas are oases hanging on. Tucson Audubon, worked to give voters a
of shade and shelter. People use them for Tucson Audubon advocates for chance to overturn that decision. In
exploration, exercise or contemplation. protection and conservation of riparian November 2008 they did!
Wildlife watchers seek the diverse wildlife resources. In the 1960s Tucson Audubon Tucson Audubon’s habitat restoration
inhabiting, or migrating through, riparian helped raise funds for The Nature program focuses on riparian areas. We
areas. Of the 20 birding field trips offered Conservancy’s purchase of riparian habitat have five restoration sites, all in riparian
by Tucson Audubon in May and June (see along Sonoita Creek near Patagonia. settings. We are exploring other degraded
page 19), at least 17 of them visit a In the late 1990s Tucson Audubon riparian areas for future projects.
riparian area. helped form the Coalition for Sonoran Water planning in Arizona has focused
Shady and birdy riparian zones are not Desert Protection. The Coalition heavily on humans’ need for water, largely
only important aesthetically. A study by influenced Pima County’s Sonoran Desert ignoring wildlife. One area of hope is the
the state of Arizona showed that the Conservation Plan, which identifies current joint Tucson and Pima County
Water Infrastructure, Supply and
Planning Study. In an appearance before
the joint commission, and in a recent
letter, we have urged setting aside
groundwater, surface water and treated
wastewater for wildlife—water that cannot
be used by humans (see letter at
We urge you to join us in enjoying our
remaining riparian areas and in
advocating for enhanced protection and
restoration efforts. VF

Above right: Paige Creek in Happy Valley,

Rincon Mountains
Right: Enjoying a picnic lunch at French Joe
Canyon, Whetstone Mountains
MAY–JUNE 2009 Vermilion Flycatcher Tucson Audubon 11

A Dow Jones Index for


In March of this year the U.S. Fish and

Wildlife Service and its partners released
The State of the Birds, United States of
America, 2009, the first comprehensive
report on bird populations in the United
States. It has two significant messages.
First, the study reveals that 251 of the
nation’s 800 bird species are endangered,
threatened, or in significant decline.
Second, it underscores the value of an
unprecedented partnership that includes
the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, state
wildlife agencies, and a group of non-
governmental organizas— with Audubon
as a significant partner—working as a
subcommittee of the U.S. North American
Bird Conservation Initiative (www.nabci- . We encourage all Tucson
Audubon members to read the report and

see inspiring video footage at
Citizen scientists collected the bulk of
the data for the report through taking part
in the North American Breeding Bird Above left to right: McCown’s Longspur; Lark Bunting
Survey of the U.S. Geological Survey
(USGS), Audubon’s Christmas Bird
Count, combined with the USFWS-led special relevance to the Southwest. The as endangered or threatened. These
Waterfowl Breeding Population and bird population indicators (see graph) are species are especially vulnerable
Habitat Survey. The analysis represents like a ”Dow Jones Index” for the birds, because of their small ranges, restricted
the first integration of long-term results where population size for birds of a habitat requirements, or both.
(since 1968) across these particular habitat are set to zero in 1968. Furthermore, 76 percent of birds that nest
three important surveys, Relative increases and decreases can only in aridlands are declining.
using new statistical then be tracked against that benchmark. The major conservation threats to
techniques For the last 40 years in the United States aridland species are habitat loss from
developed by the greatest declines have been for birds urban development, habitat degradation
scientists at the of grasslands and aridlands. Forest birds from poor grazing practices, the spread of
USGS and at show smaller declines, while birds of invasive species, and a changing climate.
wetland habitats have shown significant Species of special concern

increases. include Elf Owl,

The report
has Of 83 aridland species, 39 percent are Bendire’s and
species of conservation concern, LeConte’s
including 10 federally listed


12 Tucson Audubon Vermilion Flycatcher MAY–JUNE 2009

Wetlands Bird population

r Birds
40 Forests indicators based
on trends for

Percentage Change
obligate species
20 Grassland in four major


1968 1973 1978 1983 1988 1993 1998 2003 2007

The July–August issue of the Vermilion widespread, intractable, and

Flycatcher will focus on some ways that expensive to solve. Even
birders can help landowners in Mexico today, the Southern Arizona
conserve lands for wildlife. Home Builders Association
The human population of the U.S. has is trying to remove


skyrocketed over the last 200 years from protections afforded to the

8 million to more than 300 million. As we Santa Cruz River and its
have harvested energy and food, grown tributaries (see p 18). Your
industries, and built cities, we have often support of Tucson Audubon
failed to consider the consequences to has never been so
Thrashers, Gilded Flicker, and Scaled nature. The State of the Birds and important. VF

Quail. Audubon’s Birds and Climate Change

Of 46 grassland-breeding birds, 48 report (see March–April issue of the
Vermilion Flycatcher, remind us that birds Below left to right: Le Conte’s
percent are species of conservation
Thrasher, Western Meadowlark,
concern, and 55 percent are showing are indicators of the integrity of the natural
Scaled Quail, Gilded Flicker
significant decline, including Eastern and systems that provide us with clean air and
Western Meadowlarks. Grassland species water, fertile soils, and abundant wildlife.
that winter in our region and further south While the greater part of the report is
that are in serious decline include sobering, there are signs of hope. Many
Mountain Plover, Sprague’s Pipit, Lark waterfowl species have shown great

Bunting, Baird’s Sparrow, and Chestnut- recovery over the last 40 years, and

collared and McCown’s Longspurs. focused conservation efforts brought the

Conversion of grassland to agricultural Bald Eagle and Peregrine Falcon back
use is the main threat to these species. from the edge of extinction.
More than half of aridland birds are The big message from this report is
permanent residents of the U.S. that we need to
borderlands. Chihuahuan Desert redouble our efforts
grasslands in Mexico host a wide variety now before habitat
of U.S. breeding birds in winter where loss and
more than one-million acres have been degradation
converted to agriculture in the last five become even
years. Effective conservation requires more
close collaboration with the Mexican
government and private conservation

MAY–JUNE 2009 Vermilion Flycatcher Tucson Audubon 13


Why Birds Need

Surface Water
Riparian woodlands CHRIS KIRKPATRICK

cover less than one

percent of our state’s Ask a local birdwatcher where to find the
greatest diversity of birds in southern
landmass but support Arizona and you’re likely to be directed to
about half of our the lush, tree-lined banks of the San Pedro
breeding bird species. River, Cienega Creek, or one of several
This important habitat other riparian woodlands in the region. In an
area that’s dominated by deserts and dry
is threatened by grasslands, riparian woodlands present a
increased ground lively contrast to the familiar landscape and
provide one of the few places where water, 1
water pumping that
vegetation, and birds are found in relative
has the potential to abundance. In fact, riparian woodlands
deplete flowing support approximately half of our breeding
surface water from bird species, despite covering less than one
local streams. percent of our state’s landmass. Riparian
woodlands also provide crucial stopover
University of Arizona habitats for dozens of species of long-
researchers are distance migrants during their spring and fall
leading a multi- migrations across the desert Southwest. A riparian woodland with abundant surface water at
partnered study to Aravaipa Creek
quantify the extent to Surface water and bird
streams and degrade or even eliminate
which flowing surface abundance stands of riparian vegetation. Given this
water affects the Water is the lifeblood that sustains the looming threat, researchers from Dr.
health of our ecologically-important riparian Courtney Conway’s lab at The University of
abundance and woodlands. Unfortunately, human demand Arizona’s School of Natural Resources have
diversity of riparian for limited water resources is only increasing been leading a multi-partnered study to
birds in southern as Arizona’s population grows and the state quantify the extent to which flowing surface
faces the prospect of continued long-term water affects the diversity and abundance of
Arizona. drought. Increased ground water pumping to riparian birds in southern Arizona.
meet this demand has the potential to Since 2006, researchers have surveyed
deplete flowing surface water from local birds, sampled vegetation, and measured
the presence and extent of surface water at
28 study sites located in riparian woodlands
throughout southeastern Arizona, including
both riparian woodlands with flowing surface
water and those with only sub-surface flows
(see photos 1–2). Researchers have also
sampled avian food resources (such as

aerial insects) at a subset of these study

sites each year. Data are still being
analyzed, but preliminary results indicate
that surface water in Arizona’s riparian
woodlands is positively associated with total
bird abundance and abundances of several

Common Yellowthroat
14 Tucson Audubon Vermilion Flycatcher MAY–JUNE 2009

A riparian woodland along a dry stretch of Cienega Creek

UA researcher Scott Carey measures the extent of flowing surface water at Rincon Creek.
bird species, including well-known breeders
like Song Sparrow, Common Yellowthroat,
and Black Phoebe, and common migrants needed to examine the apparent link
like the Yellow-rumped Warbler. Importantly, between surface water, avian food AVAILABLE IN OUR
these results represent a unique effect of resources, and riparian bird abundance and NATURE SHOPS
surface water on these birds because the to determine if increased surface water Secret Knowledge
researchers were able to control for the conveys any additional benefits to Arizona’s of Water by Craig
effects of other important variables (volume riparian birds. Childs. A collection
of riparian vegetation, height of riparian Results from this University of Arizona of essays on the
trees, etc.) during their statistical analyses. study provide some of the first quantitative desert’s areas of
evidence that the presence and extent of abundant water.
Birds have preferences surface water can influence the abundance $14.99
of bird species within riparian woodlands in The Lessening
All things being equal, why might some
southern Arizona. Ultimately, these results Stream by Michael
birds prefer to inhabit riparian woodlands
should allow us to better predict how the Logan. An
with surface water over similar riparian
abundance and diversity of riparian birds will environmental
woodlands lacking surface water? One
be affected by future reductions in ground history of the Santa
possible explanation is that birds (such as
and surface water levels throughout the Cruz River. $24.95
Black Phoebe and Yellow-rumped Warbler)
region. Such predictions may also support
that feed at least in part upon aerial insects The Life of the
applications from various land-management
might benefit from foraging in areas that Santa Cruz
agencies to the state of Arizona to secure in-
have increased surface water because River—A
stream flow rights and help maintain flowing
these areas are often presumed to have a Rambler’s Guide
surface water in Arizona’s riparian
greater diversity and abundance of insects. by Western National
woodlands (see Guest Opinion on page 3).
Indeed, after sampling avian food resources Parks Assoc. A
Funding for this research project was
at several study sites, the Conway lab pocket-sized
provided by the Arizona Game and Fish
researchers found that the total abundance rambler’s guide for
Department, the Department of Defense, the
of aerial insects appeared to be greater in riparian ecosystems
National Park Service, and the U.S.
riparian woodlands with surface water of the Southwest.
Geological Service. VF

compared to riparian woodlands without $2.95

surface water. The researchers also found Riparian
that some aerial insects such as dragonflies, Chris Kirkpatrick is a Senior Research Specialist
mayflies, and stoneflies were absent from in The University of Arizona’s School of Natural
Recovery in Arid
riparian woodlands lacking surface water. Resources. Since 2000, he has worked with
Lands by Mark K.
This finding is intuitive given that these Dr. Courtney Conway on a variety of research
Briggs. A discussion
insects require at least some surface water projects examining the ecology and conservation
on riparian ecosystem decline
to reproduce and develop during their initial of birds in southeastern Arizona.
and what to do about it.
aquatic life stages. Further research is $21.95

MAY–JUNE 2009 Vermilion Flycatcher Tucson Audubon 15


Up, Down, All Around


The palo verdes looking like outsize Robin and an Eastern Phoebe at
daffodils and Vermilion Flycatchers Muleshoe Preserve. Sweetwater’s
performing their molten tennis ball wintering Orchard Oriole continued

displays prove that spring has well and into late March.
truly arrived—and with it the first waves of Migration excitement continues into
familiar migrants and breeders, early May, but the month’s second half
overlapping in sometimes startling ways and June are the closest to a lean season
with lingering winter vagrants. we have in southeast Arizona. Migration Green Kingfisher is a remote possibility in places
such as Anza Trail and San Pedro House but dart
Tucson’s Short-tailed Hawk persisted trickles to a stop with the last-minute
reliably past Imuris, Mesa, and Terranate.
through late March. Mid-month saw arrivals of Yellow-billed Cuckoos and
Zone-tailed, Gray, and Common Black- Sulphur-bellied Flycatchers, and as heat
Hawks streaming north; Tubac rises, even the hardiest desert birds go Becard and Streak-backed Oriole, both
bridgewatchers also scored a Crested quiet. casual breeders.
Caracara. Less expected was a Short- But they’re still there. In the right But drive 30 miles south, to the Rio
eared Owl over Sweetwater. A rare habitats, at the right time of day, the Magdalena between Imuris and San
northbound Baird’s Sandpiper was on American Southwest provides great Ignacio, and something changes. The
the Santa Cruz in Tucson March 24, while birding even at the excruciating height of gallery forest looks not much different. But
an adult Heermann’s Gull visited Parker summer. Here in Tucson, that means an suddenly, the “Mexican specialties” so
Canyon Lake. early start—and the decision to go up or sought after in Arizona increase. Gray
The Douglas Blue Mockingbird to go south. Hawk and Tropical Kingbird become
continued to delight; those weary of “Up” is self-explanatory. While the city characteristic voices, and Green
waiting amused themselves with Ruddy swelters and the desert bakes, life Kingfishers dart reliably past Imuris,
Ground-Doves. Patagonia’s Sinaloa continues in the Sky Island ranges. Mesa, and Terrenate. Violet-crowned
Wren remained, reclusive. Florida Mountaintop forests are the place for Hummingbirds flycatch over the water,
Canyon’s Rufous-capped Warbler pair Grace’s, Red-faced, and Olive Warblers; and the cottonwoods offer nesting sites
was said to be showing nesting behavior. at a few sites in the Chiricahuas, for becards and the occasional Streak-
Equally rare were a Yellow-throated Huachucas, and Santa Ritas, Buff- backed Oriole. Black-capped
Warbler on the San Pedro and a breasted Flycatchers plrrp cheerfully Gnatcatchers appear to be resident at
Kentucky Warbler in Florida Canyon. An among the pines. The incongruous Terrenate. Ruddy Ground-Doves can be
Ovenbird was in the Chiricahuas. A rare background to these tropical specialties is among the Incas, and it’s only a matter of
wintering Red-faced Warbler was in the provided by Brown Creepers, Pygmy time and increased attention until a
Chiricahuas mid-February. Sweetwater’s Nuthatches, Pine Siskins, and Red breeding pair of Sinaloa Wrens or Blue
Black-throated Green Warbler was Crossbills. The high Chiricahuas can turn Mockingbirds turns up.
present into February, while singles were up Mexican Chickadee and Short-tailed This stretch of river has been known to
photographed in Portal and the Hawk, while the Huachucas produce up birders for a long time—it is indicated on
Huachucas. A male Hooded Warbler was to ten hummingbird species. the maps, though not discussed in the
consorting with a Painted Redstart on Less intuitive than increasing altitude is text, of Peter Alden’s 1969 Finding the
the upper San Pedro. Equally strange decreasing latitude. When the pavement Birds in West Mexico. Thirty years ago,
tree-fellows were a Rufous-backed starts to bubble and the cacti start to Scott Terrill and WINGS Leader Gary
shrink, we head south, upstream—and Rosenberg conducted revealing surveys
across the international border to Sonora. later published in Continental Birdlife.
They may not be much cooler, but Don’t let 2009 pass without visiting this
thanks to permanent water, places such spectacular site, one where “our” rarities
as the Anza Trail and the San Pedro aren’t quite so rare. VF

House remain birdy in the warmest

weather. Both are excellent for Gray Rick Wright is Managing Director of
Hawk and Tropical Kingbird; Abert’s WINGS Birding Tours Worldwide,,

Towhee and fallax Song Sparrow are

almost unmissable. Green Kingfisher,
scarce recently, is a remote possibility.
Other rarities might include Rose-throated
Rio Magdalena at Terrenate

16 Tucson Audubon Vermilion Flycatcher MARCH–APRIL 2009


Tumamoc Hill Thanks to the concerted efforts of

many concerned citizens, the City
Pima County plans to preserve
the site from development in
Council and the Board of perpetuity. Tumamoc Hill hosts The
Supervisors, Pima County acquired University of Arizona Desert
320 acres of State Trust land at Laboratory’s century-old research
Tumamoc Hill at public auction in plots that provide irreplaceable
Tucson February 23, using $2.35 information about the area’s climate
million from a Growing Smarter state and ecology. The lab itself is not part
grant and $2.35 million in cultural of the parcel that was sold to the
resource bonds. county. The university has a long-
Tumamoc Hill has the oldest term lease on that site. But the
documented continuously studied 320-acre parcel bordered by West
plots of land in the world. These Anklam and North Greasewood
studies may provide critical insights Roads includes some research plots.
into climate cycles and changes and The Carnegie Institution selected
the adaptive mechanisms inherent in Tumamoc Hill from a number of sites
the Sonoran Desert flora and fauna. across the West in 1903 as its Desert
Aside from being a beautiful Laboratory to study adaptations of
place to hike or watch wildlife, this plants to aridity, when the human
area contains some of the most population of Tucson numbered just

significant pre-historic rock art in our 10,000. In 1956, the University of

region and has profound cultural Arizona bought the Desert Lab to
significance for the native nations of house the new department of
A view of Tumamoc Hill from Sweetwater Wetlands our region. geochronology.

Resolution Copper Company revisited

Senate Bill 409: Southeast Arizona Land Exchange and Conservation Act of 2009
Many of you will recall that Tucson same reasons we initially expressed in lower San Pedro River and its continue to advocate for federal
Audubon has followed the continuing 2005: the bill does not adequately associated water needs. The river designation of the lower San Pedro
attempts by Resolution Copper address the need for RCC to comply lands owned by BHP-Billiton, RCC’s River as either a National Wildlife
Company (RCC) to achieve a federal with all federal environmental laws, 45% minority partner, could be a Refuge or a Riparian National
land exchange to greatly expand an old specifically the National Environmental crucial piece of this legislation. We Conservation Area.
copper mine, adjacent to Superior, into Policy Act of 1969 (42 U.S.C. 4321 et
the Oak Flat Campground, an area seq.) and the Endangered Species Act
protected from mineral extraction by a of 1973 (16 U.S.C. 1536(a)(1)), and it
proclamation of President Eisenhower. is unclear to us if RCC has or could
(See acquire water rights sufficient for its
conservation/resolution_exchange.htm operation, what the impact of the
for more information.) mining operation would be on local
Now, Senators Kyl and McCain area water supplies, and how they
have introduced legislation that is little would dispose of the wastewater

changed from previous versions, the associated with the operation.

main difference being that the Apache In our letter to Congress in 2008
Nation has been promised protection we also expressed concerns
of the Apache Leap Mountain, east of regarding the issues of royalties and
the town of Superior. This site, sacred the effect of the proposed land
to the Apaches, is a dominant rock exchange on the future conservation
ledge overlooking the town of Superior, of the lower San Pedro River. To date,
between the town and the mine site. our concerns have not been
Tucson Audubon remains opposed addressed. Tucson Audubon remains Tucson Audubon remains committed to the protection of the lower San Pedro
to the bill in its current form for the committed to the protection of the River and its associated water needs.

MAY–JUNE 2009 Vermilion Flycatcher Tucson Audubon 17


Protected status of our Santa Cruz River

challenged by Southern Arizona Home
Builders Association
Homebuilders sue over Clean Water Act protections


The Southern Arizona Home Builders Water Act, including dropping or
Association, the Home Builders lowering enforcement priorities for
Association of Central Arizona and the ongoing Clean Water Act violations.
National Association of Home Builders In addition, the findings
Cactus Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl
filed a lawsuit in Washington, D.C., demonstrate that the Assistant
seeking an injunction against the Secretary for the Army for Civil Works,
Environmental Protection Agency John Paul Woodley (a political
Future of Endangered Species Act (ESA)
(EPA) and the U.S. Army Corps of appointee), placed the interests of On December 16, 2008, the Bush climate change and greenhouse gas
Engineers (ACOE) over their decision corporate lobbyists for the administration issued final rules emissions as a threat to our nation’s
to designate the Santa Cruz River a homebuilders over the scientific rewriting one of the most important wildlife, posing a serious threat to our
traditional navigable water (TNW) of determinations of career officials in protections provided by the ESA: the natural resources.
the United States. The well-researched making Clean Water Act decisions Section 7 requirement that federal Congress passed a bill that gives
May 2008 determination by the ACOE about the Santa Cruz River in Arizona, agencies consult with federal wildlife the Obama administration 60 days to
restored public health and safety when he withdrew the May 2008 experts to utilize the best scientific overturn the Bush administration’s
protections that had applied to the river determination for “review.” After a information evaluating agency regulations that weakened the
until a 2006 Supreme Court decision lengthy review process, the EPA actions that could harm threatened Endangered Species Act and
created doubt about how to treat upheld the ACOE determination of the and endangered species. eliminated essential protections for
ephemeral streams common in the TNW status of the Santa Cruz River in Under the new rules, federal America’s imperiled species. It
western United States. early December, 2008. agencies can now decide for remains to be seen whether or not
Findings of the Congressional In late March, Senator Russ themselves whether consultation is Secretary of Interior Ken Salazar will
Joint Committees on Transportation Feingold (D-WI) reintroduced The necessary, eliminating the important take the necessary critically important
and Infrastructure and Oversight and Clean Water Restoration Act (S 878). safeguard of independent scientific steps to restore scientific integrity at
Government Reform investigation into This bill seeks to restore protections review by expert biologists at the the Department of Interior. To date,
the Bush administration’s handling of for waterways that impact the drinking U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) he has upheld the Bush
Clean Water Act enforcement and water of more than 100 million or the National Marine Fisheries administration’s findings that the
implementation post-Rapanos Americans, and would also ensure Service (NMFS). In Section 4(d) of northern Rocky Mountain population
demonstrate that the Bush protections for rivers, streams and the ESA, they determined to ignore of gray wolves is not endangered.
administration undermined the Clean wetlands.

President Obama signs Omnibus Bill

On March 30th, President Obama signed H.R. 146, the Omnibus Public Land
Management Act, which includes Congressman Raúl M. Grijalva’s bill
permanently establishing the National Landscape Conservation System,
including the Sonoran Desert Monument, the Ironwood Forest National
Monument and the Las Cienegas National Conservation Area. The bill will
protect and restore 26 million acres, including the most ecologically significant
lands under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Land Management, and creates two
million new acres of wilderness across 9 states; establishes three new national
park units; designates 1,000 miles of wild and scenic rivers; designates a

National Monument and four National Conservation Areas; and recognizes new
Historic Sites and Heritage Areas.
The legislation includes two bills by Congresswoman Giffords establishing
the 800-mile-long Arizona Trail, in the Arizona National Scenic Trail Act, and
funding a critical watershed study of the San Pedro River. It also approves a $5-
Ironwood Forest National Monument, part of the National Landscape million demonstration project involving federal compensation for livestock losses
Conservation System established by Congressman Grijalva’s bill that was to wolves, plus federal funding for non-lethal activities to reduce the risk of
included in the Omnibus Public Land Management Act signed by President livestock losses to wolves.VF

Obama on Marth 30, 2009. The bill will restore and protect 26 million acres.

18 Tucson Audubon Vermilion Flycatcher MAY–JUNE 2009

TUCSON AUDUBON FIELD TRIPS For the latest or expanded field trip
or call us at 629-0757
General Information
Tucson Audubon field trips are free. For
general information call field trip
coordinator Darlene Smyth 297-2315.
For specific information about a trip,
contact the leader of that trip.
Please dress appropriately for your
field trip. Always wear sturdy shoes, a
hat, and use sun protection. Bring
plenty of snacks and water for yourself.
Always bring your binoculars, field
guide, and for most trips a scope can

be useful. Bring money to cover your

share of the carpooling and any
required entry fees (eg for state parks).
Arrival Times
Sweetwater Wetlands
Please arrive before listed departure
MAY May 9—Saturday 5:30 AM times. Trips will leave promptly at the
Sonoita Creek Natural Area at time given.
May 2—Saturday 7 AM Patagonia Lake Carpooling Sites
Beginning Birdwatching at Bill Adler, a state park volunteer, will be
Sweetwater Wetlands along to enlighten us about the history
 NW Tucson: Ina and Via Ponte—
commuter parking lot one block
This is a field trip for people who are new and geology of this rich riparian area as
west of Oracle and Ina, south side
to birding or are visitors from out of town we bird. We will start from the trailhead of Ina.
who may not be familiar with our local just below Lake Patagonia and hike along
 Central Tucson: First Baptist Church
birds and habitats. As we stroll along the riparian area below the dam for 3–4 parking lot on west side of 5th Ave,
mostly dirt paths, we will chat about miles roundtrip, making it essential that 1½ blocks south of University Blvd.
primary habitats, behaviors, and you bring good hiking shoes, plenty of Weekdays only.
identification of common birds of this water, hat and sun screen, and a snack or
 SW Tucson: I-19 and Irvington—
reclaimed water site. We’ll likely share our small lunch. Limited participation—call the Fry’s parking lot.
walk with warblers, hawks, woodpeckers, leader to register beginning May 4. State
 Green Valley: I-19 and Continental
flycatchers, sparrows, grebes, ducks, rails Park fee area. Leader: Norma Miller Rd exit 63—McDonald’s parking lot.
and shorebirds in this varied habitat. 578-1399
 NE Tucson: Tanque Verde Rd/
RSVP to trip leader for current details. Catalina Hwy—McDonald’s
Done by 10 AM. Local. Leader: Cynthia May 12—Tuesday 4:30 AM parking lot.
Barstad Fort Huachuca
Tucson Audubon strongly encourages
Birding on foot in some of the canyons on
carpooling and for some trips it may be
May 5—Tuesday 8:30 AM Fort Huachuca. Because the Army limits
required. Check the trip listings for
Dragonflies and Damselflies the number of participants on the trails,
meeting/carpooling sites. You are
Only 15 fortunate people may join the this trip will be limited to 12 persons
expected to reimburse the driver for the
author of the upcoming book, A Field (including the leader) in three high-
actual cost of fuel. Drivers and trip
Guide to the Dragonflies and Damselflies clearance vehicles. Contact the leader on
leaders are not expected to contribute.
of Arizona and Sonora, as he gently nets or after May 5 to reserve a place. All
these beautiful creatures and points out participants must have a government- Rare Bird Alert
identifying features before releasing them. issued picture ID, and each driver must Listen to the latest rare bird alert at
Be prepared to get your feet wet in the have driver’s license, car registration, and 798-1005. Report rare birds to the RBA
San Pedro River east of San Manuel. proof-of-insurance. If you are not a U.S. compiler at 798-1005 or
Contact the leader to reserve your place citizen, please let the leader know when
and to learn the meeting location. Back by you make your reservation. Be prepared After Your Field Trip
2 PM. About 80 miles roundtrip. to hike on rough, rocky trails that are steep
Don’t forget to stop in the Tucson
Leader: Rich Bailowitz in places. Bring lunch. 160 miles round
Audubon Nature Shop to check out
trip. Leader: Jim Hays
new books, see wonderful nature
(preferred) or 203-3489
items, and chat with volunteers.

MAY–JUNE 2009 Vermilion Flycatcher Tucson Audubon 19

FIELD TRIPS Florida Canyon
The Rufous-capped Warblers in Florida
Canyon have delighted many birders over
the last few months. Our small group will
attempt to locate them and other breeding
birds of the Santa Ritas. Trip limited to 6
people, preferably those who haven’t
seen these birds yet. Contact leader after
May 2 to inquire about space and learn
the carpool location. Leader: Matt! Brooks
make looking for

night critters, especially JUNE
scorpions, much easier and
more fun! Check out these
new items in our Nature June 2—Tuesday 5:30AM
Shops. • Blacklight flashlight Madera Canyon Miller Canyon and Hummingbirds
$20 • Blacklight We start with a hike up Miller Canyon
handheld light preserve on a day it is not normally looking for Sky Island specialties and a
open to the public. Limited to 12 Mexican stray if we’re lucky (5 miles
birders. TNC donation required. After roundtrip). The trail is rough and steep in

Elf Owl spending about two hours at the parts, but we will maintain a
preserve, we’ll spend some time birding leisurely pace. Later we stop at the
May 16—Saturday 7 PM the Patons’ yard before ending the trip. Beattys’ and Ash Canyon B&B to check
Night Nature Walk About 90 miles roundtrip. Leader: Robin the hummingbird feeders. Please bring
We’ll explore the world of the night Baxter small cash donations to maintain these
creatures, including Elf Owls and Great feeders. Bring lunch. Limited to 11 birders
Horned Owls with their young (plus May 24—Sunday 5 AM in three vehicles, so please sign up with
snakes, bats and other critters) at Madera Canyon and Vicinity the leader beginning May 18. 180 miles
Saguaro National Park (east) from7–9 PM. An early start will give us time to poke roundtrip. Leader: Philip Kline pgkline_uk
Park entry fee (per carload). Trip limited around several places before it gets too (preferred) or 419-5086
to 10 participants. Leader: Pinau Merlin hot to bird. Note: We will not visit Florida
546-9409 Canyon for Rufous-capped Warblers. June 6—Saturday 8:30 AM
Back in Tucson by lunch time. Meet at the Hummingbirds and More at
May 17—Sunday 6 AM Fry’s at Irvington and I-19 at 5 AM or at the Madera Canyon’s Chuparosa Inn
Santa Catalina Mountains Green Valley McDonald’s at 5:30 AM. We’ve graciously been granted non-guest
It’s Red-faced Warbler season and we’ll USFS fee area. About 80 miles roundtrip access to this location during the height of
make a special effort from Tucson. Leader: Darlene Smyth 297- hummingbird season, for comfortable
to see them in this 2315 birding from the patio. “Chuparosa” is

trip up into the Santa Spanish for hummingbird, and this prime
Catalina Mountains May 26—Tuesday 5:30 AM location lives up to its name, with more
(USFS fee area). Sycamore Canyon than a dozen different species having
Rose Canyon will be Rugged Sycamore Canyon is legendary visited the site over the years. We can
favored (extra fee among birders for the rarities it has also expect juncos, tanagers, orioles,
required) but we’ll stop a few harbored over the years, as well as for its nuthatches, flycatchers, warblers and, if
times both up and down the range for steep, difficult terrain. We’ll bird the we’re lucky, perhaps an Elegant Trogon or
the specialties of the region. Meet at canyon for a round-trip hiking distance of Arizona Woodpecker. Back by noon. Limit
McDonald’s at Tanque Verde and Catalina about 2.5 hot miles, over very uneven 10 people. Please contact leader starting
Highway at 6AM. Bring food. We’ll try to be terrain and wet stream crossings. We will June 1. 80 miles round trip.
back by 1 PM. 50 miles roundtrip. Leader: encounter species typical of oak-juniper Leader: Cynthia Barstad
Clifford A. Cathers 762-3201 and riparian habitats, and some migrant birds. Meet at the Green Valley
McDonald’s parking lot at 5:30 AM. June 9—Tuesday 4:20AM
May 19—Tuesday 6 A M Roundtrip from Tucson 160 miles. Ash/Paige Canyon
The Nature Conservancy– Contact the leader to sign up. In these infrequently birded canyons of
Patagonia Preserve Leader: Ethan Beasley 300–0049 the Rincon Mountains, we could see
Contact the leader to register for this trip riparian species such as Brown-crested
that will spend about two hours at the Flycatcher, Summer Tanager, Gray Hawk,

20 Tucson Audubon Vermilion Flycatcher MAY–JUNE 2009

and Zone-tailed Hawk. In the oak zone at the parking lot and a subsequent
Western Scrub-Jay is a good possibility. inspection of the habitat should produce
Consider bringing close-focusing some good looks at local residents, and
binoculars in case we see butterflies. We with luck we may find one of
will head back after an early lunch. Sweetwater’s treasures before the heat of
Contact the leader starting on May 28 for the day sends us away. Leader: Darlene
details and to register for this trip which is Smyth 297-2315 VF

limited to 15. About 100 miles roundtrip.
Leader: Rich Hoyer 325-5310 PIMA COUNTY GUIDED WALKS
Fort Huachuca
For more information about walks organized by
June 13—Saturday 5:30 AM
Pima County Natural Resources, Parks and
Huachuca Hummingbird Madness! June 20—Saturday 5 AM
Recreation Environmental Education Events ,
It’s too hot to walk, so today we’ll enjoy Garden Canyon, Ft. Huachuca contact 615-7855 or
the jewels of the Southwest while sitting Including Scheelite and Sawmill Canyons.
comfortably in the shade. We’ll visit three Be prepared for fairly steep 1.5 mile Mt. Lemmon Bird Walk. Call for meeting
location. May 15, 8:30–10:30 AM. Stroll less than
of the nation’s hottest hummingbird sites: roundtrip hike in Scheelite. High
a mile along a nature trail and Look for birds in
Mary Jo Ballator’s Ash Canyon B&B, Tom clearance vehicles preferred, but not
the cool forest around Summerhaven. For begin-
Beatty’s Miller Canyon Guest Ranch & necessary. Beat the desert heat while ning/intermediate birders. Reservations required.
Orchard and The Nature Conservancy’s seeking Spotted Owl, Elegant Trogon,
Ramsey Canyon Preserve, all in the and Buff-breasted Flycatcher! Call or Wake up with the Birds at Roy P. Drachman
Huachuca Mountains near Sierra Vista. A email leader on or after June 1 to register. Agua Caliente Park. 12325 E. Roger Rd. Every
Tuesday, 8–9:30 AM in May, 7:30–9 AM in June.
fee will be required at all three locations. Limit 12 people due to Fort logistics. Fort
Spot wetland birds, hummingbirds, songbirds,
Trip limited to 15 registered participants/4 allows only U.S. citizens on base. 130
raptors among mesquites and palm trees. For
vehicles. About 140 miles roundtrip. miles roundtrip. Leader: John Yerger 495– beginners/families. Binoculars available. Meet at
Leader: Clifford A. Cathers 762-3201 0229 the Ranch House. Reservations not required.
June 16—Tuesday 6AM Mt. Lemmon Roundup Catalina State Park. Bird walks led by Denis
Arivaca Cienega We’ll sample various elevations of the Wright on Fridays, 7:30–10 AM at the first picnic
A variety of habitats in a relatively small Catalinas, keeping to the upper sites as area. Time will change in 30-minute increments
area makes Arivaca Cienega ideal for a the day warms up. Mostly short, easy as weather/light conditions require. Open daily
leisurely summer morning’s birding. walking, not far from the cars. We’ll have 5 AM–10 PM. Fee. Call 628-5798 for information.
Local-breeding species such as Varied lunch at one of the picnic areas. Bring Sabino Canyon. Birding and nature hikes.
Bunting, Thick-billed Kingbird and Tropical your Mt. Lemmon pass if you’ve got one. Parking fee. Call 749-8700.
Kingbird will be our main avian targets, Meet at the McDonald’s parking lot at
Saguaro National Park. Call 733-5153 (East)
but we’ll also have time to try to sort out Tanque Verde Road and Catalina or 733-5158 (West) for scheduled bird walks.
the plants, butterflies, dragonflies and Highway. Back by 3 PM. 50 miles
other wildlife we come across. Meet at roundtrip. Leader: Larry Liese 743-3520 Tohono Chul Park. Birding walks at 8:30 AM.
Monday, Wednesday & Saturday. Open 8 AM–
Fry’s on Irvington and I-19 at 6AM (leader
5 PM daily. Entrance fee. Call 742-6455.
not present) or at McDonald’s in Green
Valley at 6:30 AM. 90 miles round trip. June 27—Saturday 5AM Tucson Botanical Gardens. Open 8:30 AM.–
Leader: Michael Marsden 269-6240 Mt. Lemmon 4:30 PM. Entrance fee. Call 326-9686. Meet at the shopping center at the NE OTHER AREAS
corner of Tanque Verde and Catalina
Highway at 6AM. Bring lunch. We’ll bird Arizona State Parks. Birding and other walks; Fee. Call 602-542-4174.
our way up from Mexican birds at the
bottom to Canadian birds at the top. Buenos Aires NWR. The refuge is open 24
USFS fee area. Back by 2 PM. 50 miles hours a day, and visitor center open 7:30 AM–
roundtrip. Leader: Bob Bates 296-5629 4 PM seven days a week. Call 823-4251. Boyce Thompson Arboretum. Open 8 AM–
5 PM. daily (last admissions 1 hour before
June 30—Tuesday 5:30 AM closing). Call 689-2811. Visit
Sweetwater Wetlands BTA/ events/ birdwalks.html for bird sightings.
This area offers shade and water to birds Ramsey Canyon. Open every day 8 AM–5 PM.
at a time of the year when both are rare Fee. Call 378-2785.
Arivaca Cienaga commodities. An early morning gathering
Southern Arizona Bird Observatory. Tours of
birding sites available. Fee. Call 432-1388 or

MAY–JUNE 2009 Vermilion Flycatcher Tucson Audubon 21

You need to be a Friend of Tucson Audubon or a member of the Birds &
Business Alliance to advertise in this section. Please contact Chris Harrison in
You & Us
Membership Services for fee information or to place an ad.
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Andean Condor, Giant Conebill, Hydrotherapy spas, Bike rentals, Eco-
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To learn more about investing in these leading-edge companies,

FABULOUS FLAGSTAFF—COOLING IT AT 7000 FEET please join us at our seminar.
Friday July 3–Sunday July 5, 2009
$535 Per Person Double; $635 Per Person Single
From the luxurious Radisson Woodlands Hotel, we’ll visit the 76th Annual Hopi Date Wednesday, May 13 or
Festival of Arts and Culture on the MNA campus, Riordan Mansion State Park,
Meteor Crater, Waputki Pueblo and Sunset Crater National Monuments, Sinagua Culture Thursday, May 21
rock art carvings at V-Bar-V Site, laser fireworks, and other attractions
Tour fee includes transportation by van, lodging, Arizona wine tasting, all entrance fees
TyrannoTours King of Southwest Adventures Tucson Time 5:50 – 6:30 p.m.
E-mail: Phone: 520-577-6546

Location UBS Financial Services Inc.

5285 East Williams Circle, Suite 5500
Go Birding in Panama! Tucson, AZ 85711

With Tucson Audubon and WINGS

November 13–21, 2009 • Stay in Canopy Tower Host Alexander D. McCrohan
Leader Gavin Bieber, with Kendall Kroesen Vice President–Investments
Contact Chris Harrison at 629-0757 or Wealth Advisor
Advisory & Brokerage Services

RSVP Alexander D. McCrohan


Private Wealth Management is a business unit within UBS Financial Services Inc. UBS Financial
Services Inc. is a subsidiary of UBS AG. ©2009 UBS Financial Services Inc. All rights reserved.
Wealth management services in the U.S. are provided by UBS Financial Services Inc., a registered
broker-dealer offering securities, trading, brokerage, and related products and services. Member SIPC.
Member FINRA. 7.00_Ad_4x10_YD0209_BulJ

Advertise in the Vermilion Flycatcher

Individual members and members of our Birds & Business Alliance can advertise in the Vermilion Flycatcher. Classified and display ads accepted.
For a rate sheet, contact Chris Harrison at 629-0757 or or visit

22 Tucson Audubon Vermilion Flycatcher MAY–JUNE 2009

Tucson Audubon thanks
BIRDING TRAVEL our Birds & Business
have shown their support
for bird conservation
contributions and in-kind
donations. Please show; 495-0229 them you appreciate their support for us by
San Blas: Mangrove Estuaries, Coffee Fincas, supporting them. Please choose these progressive


Palm Forests and More. Dec 12–20, 2009, $1990. companies when you need a service.
Leader: Keith Kamper. The coastal fishing village of
San Blas is one of the premier birding destinations STERLING
in Mexico. We’ll visit mangrove estuaries, coffee Adventure Birding Company • 520-495-0229
fincas, beaches and coastal lagoons. 25 Mexican •
endemics possible including San Blas Jays, Gray Wolf Borderland Tours • 1-800-525-7753
Rufous-necked Wood-rail, Cinnamon Hummingbird •
and Golden Vireo. Jungle boat tour with oddities like encounter include Barrow’s Goldeneyes, American Naturalist Journeys • 1-866-900-1146
Boat-billed Heron and Northern Potoo, even Dippers, Townsend’s Solitaires, Mountain •
iguanas and crocodiles! We will be based at one Bluebirds, Clark’s Nutcrackers, Red-naped and
motel throughout; so we can unpack, unwind and Williamson’s Sapsuckers, and other species. Past RockJumper Birding Tours •
enjoy the region’s natural and cultural history, fresh mammal sightings include beavers, elk, bison, Tropical Birding • 1-800-348-5941
mariscos and green flash sunsets. moose, pronghorn river otter and bighorn sheep, •
South Texas: Specialties and Migrants in the both grizzly and black bears, and gray wolves. TyrannoTours • 520-577-6546
Lower Rio Grande Valley. April 3–11, 2010, This is the best trip we run outside Africa for seeing •
$1890. Leaders: John Yerger and/or Jake large mammals! $3295.00 from Billings ($1495 Victor Emanuel Nature Tours
Mohlmann. Join us in “the other” premier U.S. short trip option). $750 single supplement ($495 • 1-800-328-VENT •
birding destination, with guides who have lived and short trip option). WINGS • 1-888-293-6443 •
birded there. With specialties like Great Kiskadee, ROCKJUMPER BIRDING TOURS
Green Jay and Altamira Oriole, how can you miss? SILVER
We’ll sample all habitats: from tidal mudflats to or The Oasis at Way Out West • 520-825-4590
subtropical thornscrub to prime Chihuahuan •
Desert. Visit both classic hotspots and lesser-
Snell & Wilmer •
known local secrets for rarer residents like Antarctica—The Falkland Islands, South
Clay-colored Robin and Hook-billed Kite. This trip Georgia and the Antarctic Peninsula. Nov 3–22 Tucson Electric Power •
is timed to catch loads of spring migrants, and (20 days) and Dec 15–Jan 5 (22 days).
probably a few Mexican rarities! Rockjumper is proud to offer these voyages of a COPPER
lifetime! On these journeys with us you will take in Bed & Bagels of Tucson • 520-760-5595
NATURALIST JOURNEYS the Falkland Islands, South Georgia, and the *Brooklyn Pizza Company • 520-622-6868 dramatic Antarctica Peninsula. During our
Toll-free: (866) 900–1146 or 558-1146; Buffalo Exchange • 520-795-0508
exploration of this pristine wilderness we will see spectacular vistas, beautiful icebergs and the Casa Adobe B&B in Rodeo, NM
planet’s greatest concentrations of marine wildlife. • 1-877-577-2275
Birding the Blue Ridge Mountains. June 8–14.
Join us to explore quintessential Appalachia: Eight species of penguin are possible including The Coyote Wore Sideburns • 520-623-7341
ancient mountains and thick forests threaded with nesting colonies of King Penguin. Wandering Down By the River B&B • 520-720-9441
streams, rivers and waterfalls. The Blue Ridge Albatross, orca and leopard seal, may be seen
Kimberlyn Drew, Realtor • 520-237-1408
Parkway, with elevations ranging from 875 to over while sea-birding across the Drake Passage and
rugged sub-Antarctic islands. We would be thrilled Economy Birding Service • 520-762-3201
6,000 feet, provides important habitat for a diverse
array of plants and animals. Enjoy lovely mountain to have the chance to share the splendors of the Fiore Tile Works • 520-971-0677
lodges and great dining as we sample local Antarctic with you! Cabins range from $9,750 pp to Galeria La Sirena • 520-319-1262
cuisine. We’re likely to see colorful species such as $14,535 ss. *Greenfire Ecological Landscaping • 520-429-7306
Eastern Bluebirds, Pileated Woodpeckers, Rose- Brazil—Birds of the Amazon and Pantanal. Heartstone Mountain Ranch • 1-877-562-2955
breasted Grosbeaks, Orchard Orioles, Wood Sept 1–13 (13 days) and Atlantic Forest Extension:
Ducks and Indigo Buntings. With luck and some Hughes Federal Credit Union • 520-794-8341
Sept 13–19 (7 days). Brazil is a dream destination
persistence we should find the elusive Cerulean for any naturalist and especially so for birders. Daniel McQuestion, Artist
Warbler. Wezil Walraven will guide this year’s During this tour we explore the celebrated Pantanal P2 Preparedness • 520-971-5971
journey. Single Supplement $445. and the verdant Amazon rainforest. Potential Lori Pascarella, Financial Consultant • 520-747-6167
Grand Yellowstone. June 13–25, 2009 (one-week highlights on this tour include Hyacinth Macaw,
Rancho De La Osa • 1-800-872-6240
tour also available). Join us for an in-depth journey Helmeted Manakin, Spangled Cotinga and ever
lethargic sloths, maybe even the elusive jaguar. Riverpark Inn • 1-800-551-1466
to the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. June is
peak time for bird activity, the region’s mammals For those wishing to maximize their time, the Spirit Tree Inn B&B • 520-394-0121
are rearing young, and wildflowers abound! We extension to Intervales State Park offers amazing VIP Taxi • 520-798-1111
start our tour in Billings where local guide Helen highlights like Swallow-tailed Cotinga and Long-
Wild Birds Unlimited • 520-878-9585
Carlson leads us to specialty birds of the prairie trained Nightjar among many others! Join us for an
unbeatable tour to one of the world’s most For more information about our Birds & Business
including Longspurs. Then we travel over Alliance members, including links to their websites,
Beartooth Plateau in search of Black Rosy Finches incredible wildlife destinations! Main tour—
US$4,450 pp, US$320 ss and extension— visit
and more. In Yellowstone we visit Old Faithful and
US$1,995 pp, US$170 ss. *New member
other spectacular geysers. Birds we should
MAY–JUNE 2009 Vermilion Flycatcher Tucson Audubon 23
male Blue Cotinga; 19 species of hummingbird
BIRDING TRAVEL including White-tipped Sicklebill and Veraguan
FROM OUR BUSINESS PARTNERS Mango; and tanagers including Rufous-winged,
Bay-headed, Silver-throated, Crimson-backed,
TYRANNOTOURS— tantalizing mix of warblers and flycatchers, steppe Emerald, Golden-hooded, and Flame-rumped. We
KING OF SOUTHWEST ADVENTURES and fields are dotted with larks and buntings, lakes can look forward to similarly exciting birds against and the Black Sea host waterfowl and shorebirds, a background of wonderfully varied landscapes,
577-6546; and skies are filled with raptors and storks. Whether superlative fresh food, and great camaraderie.
it’s the sheer numbers of migrants or an exciting The Galápagos Islands: A WINGS Charter.
The Canyon—North Rim Grandeur. June 17–21, vagrant from farther east, few experiences can
2009. $895/person double; $995 single. We’ll base November 12–21, 2010, price not yet available.
match the thrill of migration in action. Leader: Rich Hoyer. With the 200th anniversary of
in charming western cabins at majestic Grand
Canyon Lodge. Scenic sunrises and sunsets, rim- Panama with Tucson Audubon Society. the birth of Charles Darwin, the 150th of the first
top mule ride, ranger talks, Grand Canyon cookout, November 13–-21, 2009, about $4,100. Leaders: edition of Origin of Species—interest in the
Pipe Spring NM, Lee’s Ferry, Navajo Bridge, Gavin Bieber and Kendall Kroesen. This Galápagos is at an all-time high. WINGS has
Cameron Trading Post. Maybe Toroweep. collaborative tour, the first in Tucson Audubon’s chartered one of the most luxurious small boats
revived International Tour Program, takes place in operating in the islands for all-round natural history
Jerome Jaunt. July 24–26, 2009. $595 per person this exciting region’s drier season, when resident exploration of the Galápagos. In addition to nearly
double; $695 single. Lodging at Jerome Grand species are joined by migrants from North America, all the endemic birds (among them a couple of
Hotel, VCRR Grape Escape wine & food sunset creating a rich constellation of tropical and boreal gulls, 13 finches, a flycatcher, four mockingbirds, a
train excursion in First Class, Gold King Mine, birds. We’ll be based in the acclaimed Canopy dove, a penguin, a cormorant, a rail, and a martin),
museums, fun, shopping, Out of Africa Wildlife Tower and the newly built Canopy Lodge, from we’ll also spend time with the seabirds, sea lions,
Park in Camp Verde. which we’ll explore such remarkable birding sites and marine iguanas, as well as the many other
VICTOR EMANUEL NATURE TOURS, INC. as Pipeline Road—arguably the best birding in endemics. We’ll have almost daily opportunities for
Central America—and the Talamancan Foothills. snorkeling among the colorful fish and sea Highlights from Gavin Bieber’s most recent tour turtles.VF

(800) 328-8368 • here include a Tiny Hawk on a nest; a stunning

Washington: Pacific NW Introductory Tour. July
18–22, 2009, $1,425 in double occupancy from
Seattle. With outstanding birding and spectacular
visual scenery to match, few places in the country
can match Washington’s Olympic Peninsula. This
short tour provides familiarity with the unique
birdlife and ecosystems of the Pacific Northwest
while focusing on the basics of birding. Travel from
the Olympic Mountains through old-growth forests
to the shores of Puget Sound in search of
waterfowl, alcids, shorebirds, songbirds, and more.
Learn the basics of using binoculars and field
guides and discover techniques to becoming a
better birder. Bob Sundstrom leads.


Autumn Grand Manan. August 31–September 6,
2009, $2,955 in double occupancy from Bangor,
ME. Grand Manan Island off New Brunswick,
Canada, is an ideal base for experiencing fall
migration in the northeast. Migrant landbirds
pouring through the woods include 20+ species of
warblers, flycatchers, vireos, sparrows, and
finches. The coastal marshes and nearshore
waters are filled with eiders, cormorants,
shorebirds, and gulls. We will take boat trips in the
Bay of Fundy to search for Razorbill; Atlantic
Puffin; Manx, and Greater Shearwaters; Leach's
Storm-Petrel; Northern Gannet, and more. Whale
watching is superb as well, with the opportunity to
see endangered North Atlantic right whales. Barry
Zimmer and Brennan Mulrooney lead.
WINGS •; 320-9868
Bulgaria in Autumn. September 5–12, 2009, about
$2,410. Leader: James Lidster. On the western side
of the Black Sea, Bulgaria has witnessed the
annual pageant of migrants streaming south for
centuries. Our tour uses two bases to explore a Some species on the Panama Canopy Tower bird list (clockwise from top left): Keel-billed Toucan, Voilet-
variety of habitats. Woodland and scrub shelter a crowned Woodnymph, Violaceous Trogon, Streak-headed Woodcreeper, Bananaquit, Buff-throated Saltator

24 Tucson Audubon Vermilion Flycatcher MAY–JUNE 2009

Support Tucson
Become aa Friend
Friend Today!
Birds & Business Alliance MEMBERSHIP
TODAY! and connect with the $20/year—
Tucson Audubon community $20
Senior (62+)

For more information and to join, contact Chris Harrison


at or 629-0757. Name





Birds & Business Alliance members help
New membership
Tucson Audubon in many ways Renewing
Please email
email me me about
about Tucson
The Coyote Wore Sideburns, a hair salon on Thunder Canyon Brewery is providing us
events and
and conservation
conservation issues. issues.
4th Avenue, offered haircuts to those in need on with liquid refreshments for the Ironwood Jam on
Please do
do not
not share
share my my contact
Sunday March 22 on the last day of the spring 4th April 25.
Avenue Street Fair. The salon raised $975 for In August, The Lodge at Ventana Canyon
Please do
do not
not mailmail me
me Vermilion
Tucson Audubon on that day. will be providing accommodation for Kenn Flycatcher.
Flycatcher. I’ll
I’ll read
read itit online.
The Oasis at Way Out West has committed Kaufman’s stay in August (see page 28 for more
to donating 5% of any reservation which comes in details of his visit). DONATION
through Tucson Audubon. The following B&BA members helped to II would
would like
like toto support
support Tucson
Adventure Birding Company will be support our 60th anniversary gala through Society
Society with
with an an additional
additional contribution
contribution ofof
donating their expert birding services for several donations and prizes for our silent auction: $25
$25 $50 $50 $100 $100 $$250.250.
TAS events, including Birdathon. Kimberlyn Drew, Fiore Tile Works, Galeria La Tucson
Audubon Frequent
Frequent Flyer
Flyer Monthly
Tucson Audubon and WINGS have teamed up Sirena, Lori Pascarella, Snell & Wilmer, Donor
Donor Program:
Program: II authorize
authorize the
the charge
charge ofof
to bring back our international travel program, Tucson Electric Power.
$____ per
per month
month for for ____
____ months
months toto my
credit card
card ($10/month
($10/month minimum).
beginning with the November 2009 trip to Thank you to all of our Birds & Business Tucson
Panama. WINGS leaders have also helped with Alliance members for their support. gift

several other events. METHOD

Check (payable
MasterCard Visa Visa AMEX
Did you know that Tucson Audubon Society offers automatically from your checking, savings or credit Credit
you a way to donate money throughout the year card account. It saves time! It saves work! It
instead of in one lump sum? We call it the simplifies your life! You can avoid the hassle of Expiration
Date Amount
Frequent Flyer program, and it might just be the writing and mailing checks. Once you authorize the
easiest way that you can support Tucson Audubon. transfer, your specified donation is electronically
We realize in these tough economic times that deducted directly from your bank account or
donating $500 or even $100 can be a big strain on charged to your credit card each month, and then Please
the wallet. But what about donating just $10 a transferred to Tucson Audubon’s account. Tucson
month? For many of us that is much more manage- Your tax-deductible donation will help Tucson 300
able and it adds up to $120 per year! What about Audubon continue to offer conservation, education Tucson,
$41.66 per month? That’s $500 per year! A sub- and recreation in Southeastern Arizona. For more (Attn:
stantial donation, but at a reasonable monthly cost. information or to start giving contact Jean Membership
Our Frequent Flyer program is a direct-debit Barchman at 622-5622 or at OR
program whereby your contribution is debited VF

MAY–JUNE 2009 Vermilion Flycatcher Tucson Audubon 25

Government Contact List TUCSON AUDUBON
Mayor Bob Walkup
520-791-4201, fax 520-791-5348
Tucson Audubon’s Nature Shops provide for your needs in natural history books and
City Council
guides, birding optics and accessories, and gifts right here in Tucson. We offer a great selection, the best prices, and member discounts. Remember to shop locally.
Pima County
Sup. Ann Day, R, District 1, 740-2738 Help promote Tucson Audubon Society. Visit one of our
Sup. Ramón Valadez, D, District 2, 740-8126
Sup. Sharon Bronson, D, District 3, 740-8051 Nature Shops to pick up your new logo items!
Sup. Ray Carroll, R, District 4, 740-8094
Sup. Richard Elias, D, District 5, 740-8126 You can show off your support in a variety of ways:
State of Arizona
District details at Cap
Full contact details at The shops offer two styles of
Governor Jan Brewer’s Office 800-253-0883 organic cotton caps. Keep the
sun out of your eyes while looking
Az House 800-352-8404, fax 602-542-4511
Az Senate 800-352-8404, fax 602-542-3429 at the birds, and show your TUCSON AUDUBON support for Tucson Audubon at the
District 23: Reps. Barbara McGuire, D; Frank Pratt, R; same time. Choose from two colors,
Sen. Rebecca Rios, D
stone/khaki or olive. $15 – $17
District 25: Reps. Patricia Fleming, D; David Stevens, R; SHOP HOURS
Sen. Manuel V. “Manny” Alvarez, D
Car magnet Main Shop
District 26: Reps. Vic Williams, R; Nancy Young Wright, D;
Sen. Al Melvin, R A simple car magnet is an easy way to Monday–Saturday 10 AM–4 PM, except
District 27: Reps. Olivia Cajero Bedford, D; Phil Lopes, D; show your support for Tucson Audubon. It Monday & Thursday until 5 PM
Sen. Jorge Luis Garcia, D will fit on most car doors and you won’t
District 28: Reps. David Bradley, D; Steve Farley, D; Located on the southeast corner of
have to worry about any sticky residue.
Sen. Paula Aboud, D University Blvd. and 5th Avenue.
It’s easy to apply, and looks so great you’ll
District 29: Reps. Matt Heinz, D; Daniel Patterson, D;
never want to remove it. What a great and
Sen. Linda Lopez, D
inexpensive gift for a friend, too! Size: 4” x
Agua Caliente
District 30: Reps. David Gowan, R; Frank Antenori, R;
Sen. Jonathan Paton, R 13”. $8.95 Park Shop
May and June
Federal Water bottle
President Barack Obama
Tuesday, Friday, Saturday 9 AM–3:30 PM
202-456-1111, Don’t forget the water! Show you care Phone: 760-7881
U.S. Senate website: about conserving habitat for birds with Directions: From Tanque Verde Rd. and
House of Rep. website: this reusable, stainless steel water bottle.
Library of Congress: Houghton, continue east on Tanque
24 oz. You can choose your color in either Verde 2 miles. Turn left (north) onto
Senator John McCain
202-224-2235, fax 202-228-2862 stainless or white. $21.95 Soldier Trail, continue north for 2 miles.
Tucson 670-6334, fax 670-6637 T-shirt Turn right (east) onto Roger Rd.,
Senator Jon Kyl Organic cotton T-shirts are the way to go. continue ¼ mile to the park entrance
202-224-4521, fax 202-224-2207
Who says you can’t bird-watch in comfort on the left (north) side of the road.
Tucson 575-8633, fax 797-3232 and style? These T-shirts come in two
Rep. Ann Kirkpatrick (Dist. 1) different colors: stone/khaki or heather
202-225-2315; green. $20 – $22 VF
Agua Caliente Park
Rep. Trent Franks (Dist. 2)
Tuesday: May 8 AM, June 7:30 AM
List provided by the Arizona League of Conservation Voters

Rep. John B. Shadegg (Dist. 3) Loaner binoculars available. Meet in
202-225-3361, fax 202-225-3462; front of the ranch house. For more information, call Pima County Parks &
Rep. Ed Pastor (Dist. 4)
Recreation at 877-6111.
202-225-4065, fax 202-225-1655; For permit requests and general
Rep. Harry Mitchell (Dist. 5) information about park rules and
202-225-2190, fax 202-225–3263; regulations, call 749-3718
Rep. Jeff Flake (Dist. 6)
202-225-2635, fax 202-226-4386; VOLUNTEER
Rep. Raul Grijalva (Dist. 7) Interested in helping out at our shops?
202-225-2435; Contact Becky Aparicio 760-7881
Rep. Gabrielle Giffords (Dist. 8) (Agua Caliente Shop) or
202-225-2542, fax 202-225-0378
Tucson 881-3588; Sara Pike 622-2230 (Main Shop)

26 Tucson Audubon Vermilion Flycatcher MAY–JUNE 2009

The Owl and the Woodpecker: Encounters With Unquenchable: America's Water Crisis and
North America's Most Iconic Birds What To Do About It
Paul Bannick. Foreword by Tony Angell. 2008 Robert Glennon. 2009
Mountaineers Books, Seattle, WA Island Press, Washington D.C.
ISBN 978-1594850950 ISBN 978-1597264365
200 pages. $24.95 432 pages. Hardcover $27.95

Every wild place and urban area in North America In 2002, Robert Glennon, Morris K. Udall Professor
hosts an owl or a woodpecker species, while of Law and Public Policy at the Rogers College of
healthy natural places often boast representatives Law at The University of Arizona, gave us Water
of both. The diversity of these two families of birds, Follies, a book that detailed how we are sucking
and the ways in which they define and enrich the our aquifers dry and putting our civilization at risk.
ecosystems they inhabit, are the subject of this Now Glennon develops his argument, explaining
vivid new book by photographer and naturalist Paul how much of our use and management of water is
Bannick. absurd and unsustainable, and providing us with
The Owl and the Woodpecker showcases a some seeds of hope in his new book,
sense of these birds’ natural rhythms, as well as Unquenchable: America’s Water Crisis and What to
the integral spirit of our wild places. Based on Do About It. Glennon has collated a wealth of By bringing together examples from around the
thousands of hours in the field photographing these detailed information, rich with personal experience, country, Glennon usefully gets us thinking beyond
fascinating and wily birds, Bannick evokes all 41 to support his thesis that a prosperous society our own backyard, and commonalities emerge. His
North American species of owls and woodpeckers, depends on a secure and reliable water supply, assertion that the roots of the future water crisis
across 11 key habitats. By revealing the impact of something we do not have and must work to ultimately lay in our failure to value water as a
two of our most iconic birds, Bannick has created a achieve. Glennon is clear that the way to ensuring resource and our failure to plan in a broad and
wholly unique approach to birding and adequate water for all, including our natural integrated manner for its future use are borne out
conservation. This book is: environment, will be a rocky one and will need by his many examples. Choices our society makes
• A perfect holiday book for all bird-watchers creative and assertive leadership from citizens, on land use, population and immigration, and farm
industry, and government at all levels, especially at and energy policy all affect water supply. For
• An in-depth look at two of our most iconic—and
the federal level. One challenge: how do we example, land-use reform needs to couple zoning
important—bird species
persuade those in government to think creatively decisions with available water supply so that we
• Great for photography lovers, conservationists,
around some of the ideas presented here, and to avoid the “tragedy-of-the-commons” unrestricted
and backyard enthusiasts alike
have the courage to implement them? access to a public resource, which typically results
• Includes a foreword by award-winning artist and The book has three sections. The first, in its overuse and depletion. His detailed example
writer Tony Angell and an audio recording by consisting of five chapters, frames the crisis with of development in the Santa Fe region of New
Martyn Stewart examples of the outcomes of overpumping Mexico gives us room to hope. One commonality
About the author: Award-winning photographer groundwater, extraordinary stories of consumption that Glennon supports with examples is the failure
Paul Bannick specializes in the natural history of and waste, and links between energy and water of states and local governments to bring about
North America, with a focus on his beloved Pacific use. The middle section addresses problems of reform, and the assertion that federal government
Northwest. Paul has coupled his love of the getting water of appropriate quality in the place needs to step up to the plate to integrate the
outdoors with his skill as a photographer to create where people need it, when they need it. Our development of water policy. The laissez-faire
images intended to foster intimacy between the demand is increasing just as supplies are attitude to water use by some states means that
viewer and subject in order to inspire education increasingly threatened, and the section ends with we do not have a sense of how much water we are
and conservation. ( optimistic chapters on water conservation and extracting from aquifers, nor how much water many
water harvesting. The final section of the book, “A are using. It is clear that there is no silver bullet to
New Approach”, offers a wealth of examples of resolving the complex and varied issues around
creative solutions to the crisis. As Glennon says, a providing water. What is crystal clear is the need
crisis is a time when action might avert future for better integration and more controls.
catastrophe. The future depends on our ability to One of the messages of the book is to take
respond appropriately today. The section includes personal responsibility for your own water use, and
a chapter on providing water to serve our natural become a citizen steward and insist that
environment, and his final chapter, “Conclusion, a government and industry does the same.
Blueprint for Reform”, ends the book on an Buy this book, read it, and you will be referring
optimistic if challenging note. Glennon has a to it on an almost daily basis if you have a
commanding grasp of the legal minefield that is conscience about the water that you use.
part of making the necessary progress on water Paul Green
reform. VF

Paul Bannick will be the speaker at Tucson Audubon’s Living With Nature lecture series on May 4 (see page 8 for details).

MAY–JUNE 2009 Vermilion Flycatcher Tucson Audubon 27

Explore Madera Canyon with Rick Wright May 13


Habitat, to those of us who learned to bird in the East and Midwest, is a flatly two-
dimensional concept. But much of the avian richness of southeast Arizona is a
result of the vertical: the bird communities inhabiting the steep, deeply incised
mountains of our Sky Islands change from base to summit as much as they do
from Mexico to Canada. Nowhere is this fascinating bit of biogeography more
conveniently or more enjoyably witnessed than in Madera Canyon. Rufous-
winged Sparrows and Swainson’s Hawks haunt the desert bajada, while the pine
forests of the peaks host Yellow-eyed Juncos and Northern Goshawks. A single
morning’s wandering through the canyon can produce such startling treefellows as Bell’s,
Hutton’s, and Plumbeous Vireos and Lucy’s, Grace’s, and Olive Warblers. Join Rick Wright,
Managing Director of WINGS Birding Tours Worldwide, for an easy-paced exploration of the
effects of the third dimension on the birdlife of southeast Arizona. We’ll be taking short, relaxed
walks at a number of sites in the canyon, and end our morning with brunch and good
conversation. Reserve your spot with a minimum donation of $500 by contacting Chris Harrison
at or 629-0757.

Kenn Kaufman comes to Tucson August

To help celebrate our 60th Anniversary, Kenn Kaufman is coming to Tucson during
the first week of August. Tucson Audubon will hold a series of birding trips and
fund-raising events with Kenn, and some special events for Tucson Audubon
donors. Kenn will finish his week by giving the Tucson Audubon-sponsored
keynote address at the South West Wings Birding Festival, “Marathon of the

skies: Bird migration from the bird's point of view”, on Saturday, August 8. More
details in July, and at our website

300 E University Blvd, #120 PERMIT #1345
Tucson, AZ 85705

Change Service Requested

Vermilion Flycatcher
Volume 54, Number 3 May–June 2009
The Vermilion Flycatcher is the newsletter of the
Tucson Audubon Society, a chapter of the National
Audubon Society. National Audubon Society members
and members of other chapters may receive the
Flycatcher by joining the Friends of Tucson Audubon.
See membership at

28 Tucson Audubon Vermilion Flycatcher MAY–JUNE 2009