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The Threat of Globalization

Globalization is not only something that will concern and threaten us in the future, but something
that is taking place in the present to which we must open our eyes. It is the trend toward greater
interconnectedness of the world's systems. With the advancement in technology we have become
less independent and unable to think for ourselves. While developing countries are lacking
technology it has led many unfortunate people to poverty. Although the power of well profited
countries may decrease the poverty rate, unindustrialized countries are still left with no say, and are
not treated fairly. However, because of the merging of culture due to globalization, the world's
diversity is weakening. While technological, economic and cultural globalization can be known to be
beneficial to global progress, they all have an overall destructive effect on the world.

Technological Globalization is the growth in technology which has led to an increase in


communication around the world. One positive factor is the interconnectivity of the world. Thanks
to technology, geography is not as challenging as it used to be, news, information, insights, and basic
communication have the ability to spread almost instantly, and the internet has also allowed us to
transfer immense amounts of data to places half way across the world in the matter of seconds.[1]
Globalization has helped raise the standard of living for many people worldwide. Although the
advancement of technology has created a new world of communication, it has made us less sociable
and more reliant on technology. Just because technology is there and makes our lives easier doesn't
mean it should be relied so much that we are unable to think for ourselves. In 2008, the London
Stock Exchange was closed for eight hours when a glitch shut down the system. The breakdown left
traders in Europe's financial capital in limbo.[2] They lost millions of pounds that day and all they
could do was sit and watch. No piece of technology should be so important that we can not function
without it for eight hours. It seems as though technology has become more of a convenience than a
tool. It has also, driven many deeper into poverty. Small businesses and third world countries are not
capable of updating their technology as often as their larger, wealthier counterparts. Unable to
compete with multinational firms and wealthy nations, small businesses and third world countries
are forced to do business locally, not growing and reaching to their full potential. Because some
countries can't afford the technology that some of us can't imagine a life without, those areas in the
world are currently being left behind from global competitiveness. If the goals of globalization are
wanting to be met, that means there must be an united effort to make sure that every place in the
world has access to its proper resources. On this note, technology access to all becomes vitally
important to decrease poverty around the world. After seeing the huge division between rich and
poor, one would say that technological globalizations is destructive to the world.
Secondly, economic globalization also has a negative effect on the world. Opponents say economic
globalization tends only to increase the difference between the world's haves and have-nots and
produces a situation in which transnational corporations become more powerful and influential than
most countries. [3] Countries are becoming too independent with each other. Industrialized and well
profited countries are the ones that have a major say in the global economic system. That leaves the
developing country leaders with minimal input. This leads to profiting countries making decisions
that will be beneficial for them, and destructive to the other nonindustrial countries. For example,
The United States have huge companies that require asian factories to produce their products. This
is beneficial for the U.S. Because of the good price they are receiving for production, but leaves the
asian workers underpaid and mistreated. Because the advantaged countries continue to control the
economic agenda, if one country's economic system crashes, it will cause a huge impact to the
world. It will be like the Great Depression all over again, but the difference is, this time it will include
the world not just America. Although economic globalization has an overall hinderance on global
progress, their are still positive aspects. Economic globalization has helped decrease poverty around
the world by the setup of international corporations in developing countries. This leads to job
offerings, and increases income for those in the less fortunate countries. Because of international
trade, developing countries are left dry of their natural resources as they are being harvested. This
can lead to many complications as the world economy will be left to suffer once all the natural
resources are depleted. With that being said, globalization is highly destructive to our worlds
economy.

Culture is defined as patterns of human activity and the symbols that give these activities
significance. Culture is what people eat, how they dress, beliefs they hold, and activities they
practice. Globalization has joined different cultures and made it into something different. Because of
globalization cultures are beginning to fade. This gradual harmonization of the worlds cultures is
seen as a threat. With the loss of diversity and loss of religion we are beginning to forget what once
was, and starting to think that all these changes are normal. It is obvious that the American culture
is dominating. As statistics show: 75% of the prepackaged Software, 60% of prerecorded music and
32% of books come from America[4] The American's living style is becoming the mode of all life
styles. Although some cultures are weakening, the merge of cultures is leading to fewer conflicts,
which would be considered a more positive feature of cultural globalization. David Rothkopf implies
that it is in the best interest of America that we all converge to the same cultural way. He believes
that cultural differences are a major start to conflicts. The decline of cultural distinction may be a
measure for progress of civilization, a tangible sign of enhanced communication and understanding.
[5] If more people are open to accepting different cultures, this could lead to less wars around the
world. Even though conflicts may be decreasing, Global connections: canadian and world issues
states that in order for cultural globalization to happen, there has to be a loss of the world's cultural
diversity, and that the world culture that develops will be mainly an American one.[6] For many
people worldwide, the most important aspect of culture is religion, and a significant number of these
people are not willing to give up their religion and forget their beliefs. Cultural globalization is seen
as a major threat to their life style, and destructive towards the world. In todays fast paced world,
technological progress, changes, and advances are happening everyday. Because of this we are
becoming more reliant on technology and less sociable. With the progression in technology,
numerous countries are driven deeper into poverty. Unable to afford the constant updates in
technology, countries are forced out of the competitiveness of globalization. The worlds economic
system is the reason why countries are becoming too independent with each other. If one country
fails, the rest will go down with them causing a massive negative outcome on the world. It has
shown that globalization has linked various cultures and transformed it into something different.
Because of this, cultures are beginning to alter, and the slow harmonization of cultures are seen as a
threat. In conclusion, after looking at three different systems of the world's globalization, it is
evident to say that technological, economic, and cultural globalization all have an overall hindrance
on global progress. The general complaint about globalization is that it has not only made the rich
richer, but has also managed to make the non-rich poorer....

REASONS BEHIND THE POPULARITY OF FAST FOOD CHAINS

In the past people used to prepare their food at home with their families. Today however, fast food
restaurants are very popular because many people find themselves obliged to go and eat there
because they find no other solutions to do their jobs in time. Not all the people go for such reason
because there are many who prefer to go to fast-food restaurants seeking their faster service.
Briefly, as the fast-food restaurants have many reasons it has also many effects.
There are many causes that make people eat in restaurants. The first cause is that, people work for
long hours so they don't find time to prepare food themselves; this is why they depend on the fast
food restaurant because it provides them with food as quickly as they want. Another cause is that,
fast food restaurants taste delicious. This is why we find many people attracted to it because it
offers food that children or adults like, such as hamburger, pizza and so on. Moreover, fast food
restaurants are near to workplaces, schools, and universities this is why people like it. This is an
important factor for many people because they don't waste a lot of time searching for a restaurant.
Fast food restaurants have also many effects. First of all, it may affect negatively the health of the
person in that it may cause obesity to the person especially children and adults because it contains
many calories. Second, it is the best way for those who wants to waste their money, because eating
outside is so expensive than preparing food at home. Moreover, the popularity of fast food may be a
good reason for losing the tradition of eating at home which may lead to the lack of communication
within members of the family.

Fast food restaurants become very popular nowadays because the life style of people changed. This
habit may affect negatively the persons health especially children and adults as well as the
economic statue.

After tucking into a meal at a fast-food restaurant, participants rated how strongly they agreed
or disagreed with 11 statements about why they like fast food.

Here are their top reasons for eating fast-food meals, according to the percentages of people
who agreed with each statement:

1. They're quick: 92.3%


2. They're easy to get to: 80.1%
3. I like the taste of fast food: 69.2%
4. They're inexpensive: 63.6%
5. I'm too busy to cook: 53.2%
6. It's a "treat" for myself: 50.1%
7. I don't like to prepare foods myself: 44.3%
8. My friends/family like them: 41.8%
9. It is a way of socializing with friends and family: 33.1%
10. They have many nutritious foods to offer: 20.6%
11. They're fun and entertaining: 11.7%

The "I'm too busy to cook" line was more popular among people with college degrees than
people with less education. And young adults were less likely than older adults to say they ate
fast food because it offered many nutritious choices.

Still, the results boil down to speed and convenience at one end of the spectrum, and nutrition
and fun at the other end. Bridging that gap means coming up with speedy, nutritious
alternatives, suggest the researchers, who included Sarah Rydell, MPH, of the University of
Minnesota School of Public Health
WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO READ

Reading skills are essential to success in society today the ability to read is highly valued and very
important for social and economic advancement. Most children are beginning or trying to talk
around the age of two years. This is a time when language skills are just starting to develop.

Even though it usually too early of an age to expect a child to read, there is no reason why the
parent cannot start the reading process by reading aloud to them. Instilling reading into a childs life
can prove to be one of the most valuable skills that they will ever learn. As a result from reading
books, the child will be more likely to read and speak in front of people.

This is a very marketable skill to have in the workforce and for school. One of the effects that reading
has on a person is the ability to understand more terms or words, over a period of time. This is
communal referred to as comprehension. Reading can be a challenge but is one that must be met
accordingly in order to succeed.

Children who are successful readers tend to exhibit progressive social skills. Having confidence in
reading only comes from the daily practice of reading. One good way to accomplish the task of
reading daily is through books. Reading books can develop a persons comprehension by learning
new words.

The easiest way to do this is to look up words in the dictionary that are not understood when they
arc first read. Writing these words down and reciting them aloud also help to establish them in
memory. Incorporating these new words in everyday speaking will increase language skills and boost
confidence in the speaker as well.

The second effect that reading books has is vocabulary growth. Along the same lines of
comprehension, the grouted of vocabulary is also very important. Having a large vocabulary is not
only impressive, but also useful in many areas of public speaking.

For example, many politicians say the same tiling over and over again, and to the untrained listener
this might go on unnoticed. Their ability to do this comes largely from an extensive vocabulary base.

Many different words have the same meaning, or as they are more commonly referred to are
synonyms. Upon looking up a word in the dictionary one might be surprised to realise that they
already know the definition to it.

As a result of reading books over a period of time, a learning process is formed. There are a great
many benefits to be gained from reading books. It is proven that in this technological society the
demands for higher levels of literacy are creating unfavorable consequences for those who fall short.
This is even more of reason to get into the habit of reading books. Sharing books with a child is an
active approach to the learning of lifelong language skills and to ensure future success

ROLE OF PAKISTAN IN WAR AGAINST TERROR

Terrorism in Pakistan
Outlines.
1. Introduction
2. Definition of terrorism
3. What is terrorism?
4. Islams response to terrorism
5. Causes of terrorism:
1-Socio economic causes
I. Injustice
2. Illiteracy
3. Overpopulation
4. Unemployment
5. No rule of law
6. Poverty
7. Inflation
8. Corruption
9. Dissatisfaction
10. Food insecurity
11. Inequality
12. Mismanagement
13. Lack of accountability
14. Favoritism
2. Political Causes
1. Political instability
2. Democratic failures
3. Clash between executive and judiciary
4. Absence of law and order
5. Influx of refugees
6 . Weaponisation
7. Drug trafficking
8. Mass massacre
9. Political gains
10. Feudalism
Religious causes:
1. Religious intolerance
2. Secterianism
3. Role of religious madressahs.
4. Religious elites indulgence in corruption
5. Misunderstanding of religion
6. Futile desire of heaven
7. Portray negative image
8. Material gains
9. Selfish motives
External causes
1. Afghanistan War 1979
2. Iranian Revolution
3. War on Terrorism9/11
4. External influence
5. International conspiracies
6. Role played by India
Factors Instigating Terrorism
1. Anti terrorism campaign
2. Drone strikes
3. Negligence of Government
4. Persecution of innocent Muslims
.Kashmir issue
.Palestine issue
5. Impacts of terrorism
1. Insecurity
2. Political Instability
3. Infrastructure damage
4. Economic turmoil
5. Civilians loss
6. Diminishing Tourism
7. Declining FDI

6. Steps Recommended By Government:


Ban on Terror Boosting Organizations
Operation Rah-e-Nijat
Operation Rah-e-Rast
7. Triangular Relationship to Curb Terrorism:

USA
Pakistan
Afghanistan
8. Efforts to Vacate By 2014:
9. Critical Analysis
10. Conclusion

God has created this beautiful world with immense love and kindness. With Enormous affection
Allah Almighty has given birth to his lovable creatures. He has given multiple colors to this world. He
has formed Rivers, Oceans, Mountains, Stars and several other creations for the pleasure of
mankind. He has given millions of shades to this mortal world. All are made for the gratification of
human beings. Unfortunately, Human beings did not understand the motives of the creation of this
world. Destruction and turmoil have become the fashion of the day. Terrorism is the gravest foam of
destruction and disaster. It damages the internal as well as external infrastructure of every country.
Insecurity and mental pressure have created a sense of self deprivation among masses.
At present, Pakistan has been facing the gigantic problem of terrorism. It has become the fashion of
the day. It is regarded as headache for federation and a nightmare for public. It has colossal roots
which spread inside the internal as well as external boundaries of Pakistan. Although it is global issue
yet Pakistan has to bear the brunt of it. Pakistans involvement in war against terrorism has further
fuel the fire. We are facing war like situation in Pakistan .This daunting situation is caused due to
several factors. These factors included the followings which are summarized as below: Political
instability, social injustice, inequality, self deprivation, religious intolerance, external hands and
international conspiracies.
The term terrorism has been used millions of times around the whole globe. It is pertinent to know
about the meaning of this soul trembling word. Terrorism is a use of force to create harassment. It is
also used to create an environment of fear and violence. Basically there is no Specific definition of
the term terrorism. International law has no definition to define or elaborate this term. Use of
Authority for personal gains is also indicating towards terrorism.
A handful of people who have their vicious interests to fulfill have not only taken the lives of millions
of innocent lives but also defamed the pious image of Islam. Terrorists acts like suicide bombings
have become norm of the day. On account of these attacks Pakistan is suffering from huge loss
ranging from civilian to economics. People have become numerical figure blowing up in every
minute.
Terrorists have not left any place vacant. They spread around the whole country. Markets, shrines,
mosques, hotels, gardens and educational institutes all are now under the thumb of just one click of
terrorists. They blasted everything. They are responsible for the innocent lives of people. They hold
special place in hell.
Islam is the pious religion around the whole orb. Purity of Islam reflects from the teachings of Holy
Prophet PbUH.It always gives the message of peace , prosperity , kindness, justice, equality and love.
Islam forbids all kinds of corrupt activities. Massacre of innocent lives are highly reprehensible in
Islam. Committing cruel activities are forbidden in pious religion Islam. Islam openly negated
terrorism.
Religion of Islam Advocates freedom, peace, mutual disagreement and admonishes aggression.
Now lets have a cursory look on the following verses of holy Quran which indicates the fact.
Do not aggress; God dislikes the aggressors.
On another place holy Quran clearly says, You shall resort to pardon, advocate tolerance and
disregard the ignorant.
In Islam an immense emphasizes has been laid upon love and sympathy towards all creatures. God
has directed to be polite in speaking. Thus Islam is the perfect religion of the world; it condemned all
stances of terrorism. How can a terrorist wish for heaven? They are directly assigning their place in
hell.
Now lets have a cursory look on the causes of terrorism. Terrorism is a crime. It is now become a
hard nut to crack for the triangular countries (Pakistan, Afghanistan, and USA).The causes of
terrorism is divided into spheres; internal causes and external causes. Internal causes further divided
into socio -economic causes, political causes and religious causes. External causes include Soviet
incursion of Afghanistan 1979, Iranian revolution, War on terrorism 9/11 and international
conspiracies.

Now lets have a watch on internal causes of terrorism. First of all, socio economic challenges this
aggravated the already deteriorating conditions. It includes injustice, inequality, poverty,
unemployment, Inflation, food insecurity, threat, dissatisfaction, illiteracy, over abundant population
and massive corruption. It is very important to know these causes.
Injustice has been spreading since Independence. After the emergence of Pakistan, as a sovereign
nation in the world map, it has encircled with several issues related to injustice. Lower class people
are always suffering. No proper system of justice is present. Questions remain unanswered. Millions
of people came from Indo Pakistan Subcontinent to fulfill their shattered dreams but all hopes were
shattered by feudal class. This mighty class deprived people to obtain their due share. This class
joined hand together with chief officers and usurped the rights of uneducated innocent people, who
even did not know the hard realities of life.
Second issue which Pakistan has been facing as a threat is massive unemployment. The ratio of
unemployment is increasing day by day. It created a big gap between developed nation and
developing nation. Employment is now become the need of an hour. Without money you cannot
survive in this materialistic world. Terrorism spreads like a giant because of unemployment; innocent
people are trapped by terrorists. They give all amenities and facilities in shape of monetary foam.
They pay heavy amount to them and in returns fulfill their selfish motives. They ruined the young
generation. Proper channel of employment should be introduced. This disease should be removed. It
is biggest challenge which is the root of all evils.
Third cause of terrorism is illiteracy, which should be removed instantly. In Pakistan illiterate person
can easily be cheated by sharp minded terrorist. They only want to gain their motives. They can
easily ruined the lifes of people .they have no feelings for others. They are burning in the own flame
of revenge. They can destroy the lives of people. Illiteracy rate should only be decreased by
promoting the importance of education. Campaign should be introduced. Government should
introduce new ways to spread education in downtrodden areas. Illiteracy is more in Baluchistan, KP,
and Fata and in the rural areas of Sindh and Punjab. This evil is eating the roots of Pakistan.
Fourth problem of Pakistan is poverty. Poverty is a term which has been derived from the Latin word
pauper means poor. Poverty refers to a condition having less or fewer resources than others.
According to various institutional reports I t has been identified that poverty is the main reason of
terrorism. According to undp, 65.5 percent population of Pakistan has been earning their livelihood
on 2$per day.
Another report of Spdc has revealed clearly the poverty status of Pakistan, 65.5percent in
Baluchistan, 58.5 percent in NWFP, 28percent in Punjab, 21 percent in sindh.
According to World Bank report Poverty is spreading as a giants deficiently suffered because of
World economic recession.EU countries pushed millions of people in debt trap. Poverty should be
controlled with efficacious measures. Government should launch new and effective opportunities to
curb the menace of poverty.
Mismanagement of resources is one of the major challenges which Pakistan has been facing. God
has provided bundles of natural resources. These natural resources are now on the verge of
destruction. Terrorism is devastating the natural beauty and this natural beauty is a channel of
obtaining food. Government should pay high attention to this side. These natural blessings of God
Should are managed properly.
Lack of accountability is another factor of terrorism. Accountability is very necessary. Without it no
one can perform his duties in an organized and proper manner. Absence of accountability is a
vacuum. It paves the way for terrorist to fulfill their selfish motives. They are playing their role
without any constraints.
Corruption is a threat to sovereignty. It is an alarm for national integration. This term has been
defined as; it is a use of force for obtaining personal gains. Since independence Pakistan has been
culprit of corruption. This disease is eating the roots of Pakistan. It is spreading like a cancer. Mighty
hands are indulged in the promotion of corruption. No sector is saving from this giant. The main
reason of corruption is low level of salaries, Unemployment, poverty, illiteracy and overpopulation.
These all are promoting people to indulge in corrupt activities. Corruption has the following kinds:
bribe, nepotism, favoritism, political patronage, bidding process and so on.
Dissatisfaction is also increasing to large extent. It is creating a sense of insecurity. Terrorists in order
to gain their selfish aims spread the wind of turmoil and threat. Dissatisfaction has been increased in
every sphere of life.
Food insecurity is also enhancing to great extent. Because of terrorism, Government spends more
budgets on the defense of the country. The prices of commodities are increasing. It becomes very
difficult for an ordinary lower class people to bear the expenses. Apart from this, Agriculture is the
main blood of our country. It also faces adverse impact. Our economy is totally revolves around
agriculture sector. Industries are wholly dependable on agriculture sector. Everything is
interconnected. Agriculture provides a strong base to our industries. Industries are a major source of
revenue generation. Food insecurity is largely dependable on agriculture sector. Government should
invest heavy amounts of funds to this sector.
Political causes is also creating vacuum. It also paved the way for terrorist to establish their foot.
Political causes included the followings; political instability, corruption within politics, no proper set
up, military intervention, Clash between institution, lack of consensus, selfish motives of politicians,
feudal dispensation and lack of accountability.
Since independence Pakistan has been facing difficulties in the establishment of political set.
Basically, there is no political set up in Pakistan. Everyone is pulling the leg of one another for the
sake of self motives. In the initial years of Pakistan, Muslim league faced failure due to feudal class
intervention. After passing some years constitutional crises erupted. Pakistan took long seven years
to formulate first constitution. Corruption prevailed to large extent. Military intervention to curb the
spread of corruption became the fashion of Pakistan. Constant four military interventions destroyed
the image of Pakistan. Clash between judiciary and executive class have also come to forefront on
several occasions. These all political turmoil paves the way for terrorists.
Religious causes also give sound ground to terrorists. Now a day, religious intolerance is spreading
around the country. People are misunderstanding the religion (Islam).The concepts, ideas and values
which are presented by Almighty Allah in Holy Quran are totally different from what people
understand. This is termed as misconception. Misinterpretation of religion has become a norm of
the day. Extremist considered themselves as the followers of Islam but unfortunately they do not
comprehend the message of Allah Almighty. The message of Almighty Allah is peace, love, sympathy,
kindness and honesty. Terrorists are not following the message of Allah. They are doing Jihad for
themselves. Jihad means fight for the cause of Allah. Fight in the way of Allah. Religious intolerance
should only be controlled by learning and understanding Quran. Quran is the complete Guideline for
the whole world. It is a sacred book which was revealed on Holy Prophet PBUH. Holy Prophet PBUH
is the biggest example of love, sympathy and tolerance. Why we dont follow the path of Allah?
Religious Madressahs is a hub of terrorists. They are taught and guided in the madressahs.after the
soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979, these madressahs were establish to prepare mujahedeen.
The overall funding of mujahedeen were under the supervision of USA.they had been prepared to
evacuate Afghanistan from the Soviet Invasion. Soviet forces faced defeat from mujahideen.After
the failure of soviet forces a vacuum generated in war ridden country. Civil war erupted and
continued for six years. This gave birth to drug trafficking, addiction, Weaponisation and other
criminal activities. It further aggravated the circumstances. Pakistan had to bear the brunt of
it.Weaponization culture entered inside the roots of Pakistan. Thus began a new journey of disaster
and turmoil known as Kalashnikovs Culture. Pakistan always supported USA in the hour of griefs
always left Pakistan in the hour of pains. After fulfillment of motives, this marriage of convergence
ended between USA and Pakistan.
Iranian Revolution also created a sense of conflicts inside the boundaries of Pakistan. Sectarianism
conflicts erupted. Shia and Sunni rivalry began which further deteriorated the condition. This also
laid the strong foothold of extremist inside the boundaries of Pakistan.
War on terrorism9/11 began, when three hijacked planes collided with the World TRADE CENTE
NEW YORK and Pentagon building. This was the cowardly attack which occurred on 9/11.killed
several innocent lives of people. People were buried under the roof of largest building. This clearly
showed the weakness of USA intelligence agency. President Bush invited the whole international
community to participate in so called war on terrorism. Pakistan became the top non NATO ally of
Pakistan. Pakistan moves heaven and earth to curb the power of Taliban. After the long year of
partnership, between USA and Pakistan, USA has decided to evacuate Afghanistan before 2014.This
war on terrorism has claimed millions of innocent lives. Millions of USA military officers were lost
their lives. It created havoc around the whole globe.USA will assigned this responsibility to afghan
forces.
External influence is also instigating the terrorism. It is viewed on several occasions that India is
indulged in creating conspiracies. It created misunderstanding between Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Now lets have a cursory look on the factors which are instigating terrorism. These factors included
the following; negligence of government, drone strikes, anti terrorism campaigns, injustice,
persecution of innocent Muslims of Palestine and Kashmir.

Terrorism puts adverse impact on the life of individuals. It is not only put bad impact on individuals
life but also entire society is encircled. Flames and flames are encircling the whole Pakistan. Every
city is now under the influence of terrorism. It affects the mental health of people. People fear
around the whole country. Is this Pakistan? We were fighting and demanding for. Our beloved father
of nation who struggled to built this country so called Quaid e azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
Quaideazam condemned bloodshed on every occasion. Unfortunately now at every place in Pakistan
Rivers of blood are flowing. Dead bodies are floating in this river, and all are happening because of
terrorism. Terrorism spreads havoc .It claimed millions of lives. Dont know how many others will be
victimized in upcoming days. It puts bad impact on social life. Now Pakistani society has become the
hub of terrorism. Bomb blast has become the norm of the day. Every street comes under the target
of just one thumb click. Students are avoiding going to schools. Absences of teachers are reached at
its zenith. Overall infrastructure of FATA, KP, and Baluchistan are damaged because of massive
terrorist attacks. Girls schools are also targeting. The basic motives of terrorists to damage the
educational institutes. They do not give preference to women education. They want to treat women
as chattels. They openly negated the concept of women empowerment. The recent attack on 14
year old blameless girl named Malala Yusuf zai was regarded as cowardly act of terrorists. What they
want? They actually want illiterate Pakistan. They wanted to spread the condition of Pre Islamic
Arab. Pre Islamic Arabs were engaged in nasty circle of vices. They were the rulers of darkness. They
were unaware people. After the arrival of light in the shape of Prophet Pbuh the overall world has
been transformed. No one knows the hidden motives of extremist except bloodshed. Education is
regarded as the blood of a country. Nation cannot grow like a tree in the absence of education.
Education provides knowledge. It gives respectful position in social cycle. Absence of knowledge is as
similar as absence of humanity in men. God has given full permission to avail knowledge. It is the
right of every individual to attain knowledge. Without knowledge, a man is like an animal.
Political turmoil is evident in Pakistan. This gives an opportunity to extremist .This turmoil is further
instigating by rebels. Pakistani Government should maintain healthy relationship whether inside or
outside the political spheres. It will be beneficial for the whole nation. The recent clash of institution
further fuelled the fire. Pakistan should play efficacious role in countering terrorism. Sound policies
are required.
Since independence, Pakistan has been facing several downfalls. These downfalls created a gap
inside and outside the infrastructure of Pakistan. Terrorism is the disease. It weakened the
foundation of Pakistan. From its inception it faced millions of difficulties. Early problems of
pakistanwhich included war with india,rehabilitation of millions of people,mismanagement,lack of
resources, Water crises, massive corruption, lack of accountability, unjust demarcation of state and
mass massacre all were damaging the existence of newly born state. After overcoming from these
crises, Pakistan was encircled with several others crises. These crises were democratic setup,
constitutional crises, feudalism, military intervention and institutional clashes. After ending these
germs, international influence were shacking the weak foundation of Pakistan. Hence it is clear that
Pakistan is hanging in the balance.
Economic turmoil is another impact of terrorism. Terrorism put worse impacts on economy of
Pakistan. The economy of Pakistan is based on the agriculture sector.agricultre is the blood of
Pakistan. It is source of revenue generation. Apart from revenue generation it is the source of food.
Agriculture sector provides base to industrial sector. In the absence of agriculture sector, industrial
sectors have no existence. Both are interconnected. So in this regard economy of Pakistan is
adversely affected.
Lives of people are very much valuable. Almighty Allah has created his creature with love and
kindness. Millions of civilians have losted their precious life. God condemned scene of carnage.
Pakistan earns a lot of revenue from tourism. Tourism is regarded as the source of revenue
generation. Beauty of Pakistan is very famous around the whole world. This beauty has been
damaged by destructions. Tourism in Pakistan now diminishes to great extent. This is another worse
impact of terrorism.
Foreign direct investment also declined. This is another disastrous impact of terrorism. We are going
back day by day. Efficacious policies are required to cut the throat of terrorism. Now multinational
companies are not investing in Pakistan. It reduced our economic graph. The picture of Pakistan in
the modernized world is soul trembling. Most of the people are going and settling abroad. Industries
are closed. Economic condition reached at zilch. This is Pakistan which is facing the curse of
terrorism. Taliban is the slogan of carnage. They are not human beings. They are dragons. They are
creating havoc around the whole globe. Name of Pakistan is iniquitous around the whole world.
Now lets have a cursory look on the steps recommended by Pakistani Government to curb the
power of terrorism. Pakistan has taken several stances to reduce the intensity of extremism. The
efforts of Pakistan military are commendable. Thousands of military officers losted their precious
and valuable life .Lots of anti terrorism campaigns have been launched. Several bans on terrorist
organizations have been enforced. Numerous operations had done to eliminate terrorists such as
Operation Rah-e-Rast and Operation Rah-e- Nija, operation Rah-e haq and operation rah-e-rast
swat. Operation Rah-e-Haq was the first battle of swat between Pakistan and the Taliban. It was
carried on 2007 in swat. Operation Rah e rast was operated on 30june2009.Operation Rah-e-nijat
began on June 19 2009.the place of operation was South Waziristan in FATA.All these operations
were carried on to curb the power of Taliban.
Now lets have a glance on the triangular relationship among Pakistan USA and Afghanistan. Pakistan
joined hand with USA to curb the power of Taliban. The relationship between USA and Pakistan is
well known as the marriage of convergence. Pakistan is the non NATO ally of USa.Pakistan supported
USA in every walk of this journey. Since 9/11, Pakistan and USA have been working to curb the
power of terrorism. Because of USA strict policies this war creating a sense of turmoil around the
whole globe.Dronestrikes are creating tension. Growing civilians causalities are becoming a threat
for USA.
Now lets have a cursory look on Afghanistan, USA Wrong policies and our options. America is going
to face the worst ever defeat of its history. The crusade that USA launched after 9/11 against
Taliban, the much desired victory has not fallen in to his lap in accordance with its plan. The Taliban
are proved to be a hard nut to crack for USA.Instead USA realized the ground realities and make
strategies for negotiations, it is committing blunders after blunders. The rulers in Pakistan and the
national security institutions must keep eye on the situation of various steps taken by USA in
Afghanistan. America is committing blunders by holding backdoor negotiations with traliban.they
cannot work without Pakistan. It is the bitter reality.
Why does USA Leave Afghanistan? The answer of this question has so many reasons. First, USA and
NATO occupation created civilian casualties.
Second, military occupation has hampered humanitarian aid and reconstruction efforts.
Third, Afghan women continue to face violence and oppression under occupation.
Fourth, NATO allies and military leaders are now questioning the occupation.
Fifth, USA troops casualties in Afghanistan are on height.
Sixth, Afghans are now calling for a negotiated end to the war.
Seventh, the occupation contributes to violence.
Now lets have a cursory look on the recommendations for USA to change his policy towards
Afghanistan.
Setting permanent timetable for withdrawal. It would be better.USA should immediately cease air
strikes because it is the main reason of civilian casualties. It further damaged the image of USA.It
should also support negotiated process. Compensate afghan families affected by war.
Thus, Pakistan puts several efforts to curb the danger of terrorism. Terrorism should only be
controlled with mutual efforts. It is not a war of one country but it is a war of whole world. Overall
international community should come forward to eliminate this gigantic threat. Negotiations are
now only the safe solution to curb this menace. We dont want more casualties whether in Pakistan,
Afghanistan or USA.Whole nation should come forward to defeat this threat. We should join hands
together and safe this globe from violence. Proper and effective measures should be laid down by
government. Pakistan is considered as a land of purity. Purity can only be remained if we understand
the motto of extremists. Lets pray Almighty Allah to shower his blessings on Pakistan. Save this
pious land from the selfish aims of terrorists.

IMPACTS OF TECHNOLOGY ON OUR LIVES


Technology has become more and more important to human's life. Therefore, advance in technology
has tremendous changes on today's world. This essay will discuss the effects of these changes,
focusing on positive and negative impacts.

Technology impacts today's world positively by two main ways. First, it makes life more convenient
and easier. With the help of technology, many works for example household chores can be done
without human. An article of Buzzel.com states that time are saving thanks to the help of machines
which could learn and complete task efficiently. Besides that, advanced technology can finish works
which are dangerous for human like mining. Second, technology causes several influences on
human's entertainment. Before the appearance of technology, human's form of entertainment was
poor, but today's world own an enormous source of entertain.

Technology also has negative effects on world particularly human's health and communication. The
first effect is health. Since technology help people doing almost everything and provides wide range
of entertainment, they become lazier and not likely to participate in outdoor activities. Therefore,
many health problems are caused by the impact of technology. For instances, obesity risk is
increasing among children according to Children and Technology: Analysis and Recommendation.
The second effect is communication. It is ironic that people do not have many chances for face to
face interaction. Moreover, according to Buzzel.com article, people prefer using communication
technology than interact personally.

In conclusion, technology has several positive effects on today's world like making life more
convenient and providing huge entertainment storage; however it can affects people's health and
interaction negatively. Therefore, people should find solution for these problems.

The role of technology in our lives today: have we become too dependent

We are living in a society which is called "technologically civilized" society.Every small


work we do is technology dependent. Today every other person is recognized with the device
or gadget ,he carries; which is technically advanced. Ultimately , we can say that ,"living
without technology is like living without air" in this technical world of today.Therefore, we
are much dependent on technology.
Starting with the simple example of food storage. Today the shelf life of the food products is
increased with help of modern technology and even preparation time of food is reduced with
the help of new machines and equipment. Thus ,making the consumer to have an ease at its
consumption and also in saving a lot of productive time. Ultimately, making the person
dependent on it for his own benefits. This is unlike to the times of traditional cooking where
people had to spare time and even do physical labor compared to the modern technically
advanced time of today.
Technology made our lives simple but much dependent on it. We can sit in a corner and get
connected to the world. Thus making the world a "global community." Communicate with a
person in remote area within fraction of seconds ,make a trip of the world within no time, all
these are possible with the advanced technology ,making us more dependent on its usage.
In the health sector,technology advanced to a great extent that today a machine can assist a
person in intensive care and monitor him ,which was a tiresome and risky job to do manually
before. In a way we are coming closer with the machines developed technically.
Technology is making the multitask functions to be available in a single device. Thus ,we can
have multifunctional usage of the single device we own .The more simple ,the work gets with
technology,the more we get dependent on it.
Technology makes us lethargic with little or no physical activity, in one aspect; but the same
technology provides a inspiration or motivation to do creative jobs including physical activity
.Example games like "V" games which are challenging video games and at the same time
recreational, helping to spend time in a joyful way.
Today, we don't find even a single young kid without using the available technology to
him/her.
Technology made us dependent on it and we can't expect or imagine a life without using the
word "technology" in it .Hence, technology plays a major role in our lives.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Giving International Aid to Poor Nations

Every day in the news, we see a developed country giving aid to a developing country to
help aid its development. The aid is given so that the country may develop. This is
regarded as a good investment by the developed country as they are given a good
credibility status and also they benefit through various ways.

Todays world is divided into developed and developing countries. The developed countries
are those that have achieved the process of development and developing countries are those
which are in the process of development.

Often, it happens so that developing nations do not have enough money in order to develop
themselves. The money they would require could be for any major developmental project in
that country. These developing countries ask for international aid in order to facilitate the
implementation of these projects.

Organizations such as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund (IMF) are
organizations that mainly give aid. Its loans are given by developed and rich countries who
deposit their money into these banks from time to time. This money is what goes as
international aid.

There are advantages as well as disadvantages of getting international aid. International aid
helps facilitate many developmental programs in developing countries. These could help in
improving the countrys position in the world. International aid can contribute to fighting
global poverty, hunger and help get access to medical care. It can also provide to solve
problems like refugees, terrorism, rehabilitation and many other problems. International aid
when given in the form of loans can earn interest. In these ways, it has been very
advantageous for both the donor and the receiving countries as the receiving countries get
improved credibility in their respective financial markets.

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However, international aid can also be a bane. Donor countries with selfish interests will go
and donate to countries especially the ones with bountiful natural resources and try to exploit
them. They would provide funds to bring a particular country to get influenced and force
them to serve military interests and other interests to the interest only of the donor nation.

Donor nations may do evil things like dump toxic wastes, dump e-wastes, harm their
environment, destroy their local culture and many other things.

Receiving countries could also misuse international aid. Money coming to feed the hungry of
the receiving nation could use the money to fund illegal activities and the strengthening of
their armed forces when actually they are supposed to spend the money for more important
issues like hunger and combating poverty.

There are numerous advantages as well as numerous disadvantages of international aid.


International aid should be given mainly in loans of whose allocation should be carefully
monitored. When given in the form of loans, the countries, will strive hard to repay the loan
and in the meantime, they will prosper.

When international aid comes in, there is always a sign of progress. But international aid
should be used very wisely and judiciously, only then can we eliminate poverty and hunger
and other problems in the world.

Education Scenario of Pakistan

Introduction
Quaid's view on education
Concept of education.. meaning and definition
Significance of education..as pillar of success
Education..an agent of socioeconomic reforms
Spinal cord of the nation
Thesis statement leading to conclusion

Pakistan's Education System as per 1973 Constitution


Educational and economic reforms in backward areas
Removing illiteracy
Promotion of technical education.. basic concern
Education..access to all
Women participation, etc.

Factors Leading to Catastrophe


Indecisive medium of education.English? / Urdu?
Co-education.a social dilemma
Lack of uniform academic syllabus
Women education.. concept in doldrums
Lack of creative education methods cramming culture
Political interference in education institutions.student/ teacher unions
Political pressures/ influences
Teacher absenteeism
Ghost schools
Less than 2% GDP, for education
Crippled economy, etc.

Education Policy 2009


Budget for education.. increased by 7%
All primary schools upgraded to middle standard schools
Higher education percentage to be increased from 4.7% to 15% by 2015
Emphasis on technical education
Establishment of residential colonies for the teachers
Special incentives for teachers willing to work in remote areas, etc.

Suggestions
Decentralised system/ local government
Village
Council
Tehsil
District
At least 7% budget for education sector
Accountability and transparency in education department at all levels
Public-private partnership
Madrassa reforms
Registration of madaris
Introduction of English and technical subjects

Education Sector Reforms


Primary education for all
Making civil society vibrant
Female education. A keystone
Promotion of technical education
Incentives for the teachers. Increase in salaries
Revised and updated curriculum
PTC/CT replaced by Diploma in Education
Enhancing the role of Higher Education Commission
Expansion in universities
Virtual universities, etc.

Conclusion
Come forward as servants of Islam, organise the people economically, socially, educationally and
politically, and I am sure that you will be a power that will be accepted by everybody.''
(Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah)

The importance of education cannot be negated. Education paves the way for advancement. It is a
primary catalyst for national development and its availability ensures accelerated growth and
progress. It is a key factor that distinguishes one nation from another. It's the education which
makes a person live a better life and more importantly contributes to his social well-being. However,
it is unfortunate that education system of Pakistan is fundamentally flawed, thoroughly shattered
and exceedingly divisive despite the fact that Quaid-e-Azam was a staunch supporter of educational
reforms. He provided the basic guidelines for the future development by emphasising that education
system should suit the genius of our people, consonant with our culture, history and instil the
highest sense of honour, integrity and responsibility. He was also of the view that scientific and
technical skills are the only way forward. Pakistan today stands at the crossroads where there is a
stringent need for educational reforms based upon moral edifice. This is only possible if all creeds of
mind sit together and evolve a consensus policy in the light of Islamic ideology.

Before going into the details let's have a look on the 1973 Constitution which is a much chanted
slogan in Pakistan by almost all political elites. Article 25A of the 1973 Constitution says:

The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen
years in such manner as may be determined by law.

The Constitution further goes on to make the state responsible for the education of its citizens in the
following way:

Special care will be taken for educational and economic reforms in the backward areas. Illiteracy will
be removed and secondary education will be made free and compulsory within minimum possible
period.
People from different areas will be imparted training for agricultural and industrial development.
Technical and general education is made generally available and higher education accessible to all on
the basis of merit.

Participation of women in all spheres of life will be encouraged. Despite all the pledges and promises
made by the constitution, nothing has been done yet on the above-mentioned grounds. Indecisive
system of education, outdated curriculum, medium of instruction, meagre budget allocation for
education sector and many other factors have played havoc with the fate of this unfortunate nation.

It is noteworthy that Pakistan's national language is Urdu but English has become the major medium
of education. English medium schools are enjoying prestigious status in society and are charging
heavy fees from students as well. English language is nothing but a way of expression but why is it
made necessary? Just to spoil the potentialities to learn English? Admittedly, English is an
international language but the students should be imparted educationin their mother tongue also.
Sir Charles Wood sent Wood's Despatch in 1854 regarding the medium of education in India that
throws light on the importance of mother tongue in education. Despatch's fifth point was:
The Indian natives should be given training in their mother tongue also.
Another reason of this sorry state of affairs is the outdated curriculum which leads to the failure of
education system to produce professionals in all fields of life. Outdated syllabi do not fulfil the
requirements of the ongoing developed world. It is an era of science and technological development
while, unfortunately, Pakistan is still entangled in the web of obsolete pedagogical methods.

Furthermore, Student wings of various political parties are also ruining the educational environment
of colleges and universities. Unions like ATI, MSF and IJT have been a source of deep concern for the
students. Such activities make them forget their aim of admission and they start to take part in
political activities.

Public sector is also confronting the issue of teachers' absenteeism. Scanty salaries and job insecurity
compels them to join private sector institutions that offer them better incentives. The grievances of
the teachers are grave but real and they need to be addressed urgently. A very little amount of GDP,
about 2% is being allocated for education sector which should be above 7% for a country like
Pakistan.

It is noteworthy to mention the role of madaris in Pakistan here as they are a part of traditional
system of imparting religious education. Present government is working to register these madaris
and there are around 12,000 madaris that are yet to be registered. There is also a dire need to revise
the method, syllabi and curriculum of these institutions so as to impart true spirit of religious
education without creating misconceptions and confusions and also keeping them in pace with
contemporary world. The conventional style of religious education should be abolished and new
methodologies based on science and technology should be adopted. The role of civil society in
regarding the reforms is very crucial and equally required.

In the past, there were courses like PTC, CT, etc. which were optional for the students. In the present
circumstances, it is strongly recommended to replace such short courses by diploma in education so
that the students after adopting teaching profession could give their best to the nation. On the other
hand, the teaching staff must be provided special training in form of refresher courses to enhance
their capacities and capabilities.

Education is the key to the development and advancement of any nation. Pakistan needs highly
knowledgeable and skilled professionals equipped with innovative abilities to gain a respectable in
the comity of nations. Pakistan is passing through the turbulent phase in terms of social, economic
and political turmoil. It stands at the crossroads and the only way forward is the promotion of
education. Time is ripe, effective and implementable strategies must be formulated to come out of
these crises. Education must be made the top priority. More than 4-7% of GDP must be allocated for
education sector, for teachers training, development of infrastructure, abolition of ghost schools,
scholarships, etc. Chief Ministers laptop scheme is a good omen and an encouraging initiative for
bringing educational reforms in the country. Such efforts can be a source of encouragement and
inspiration for the young generation. Nations rise by dint of education and education alone. If we
want to realise the dream of socioeconomic development in Pakistan, we must follow the message
that Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah gave us years ago. He said:

My message to you all is of hope, courage and confidence. Let us mobilize all our resources in a
systematic and organized way and tackle the grave issues that confront us with grim
determination and discipline worthy of a great nation.

What should a government do for a country to become successful?

We all knew that the government guide its country to success. It is a tough task for the
government to up lift the country from poverty, lessen employment rate and boost its
economy. Some people believe not only the government,but also the people must take an
action in order their country become successful. In this essay, it will tackles about what
actions or ways should the government and its people in order their country become
successful.

The Government has the power to implement their policy and laws. They should not use
its authoritative power to do some illegal act and corruption. If the corruption is rampant, it
might lead to economic recession. So the Government must be strict and have a transparency
towards the people about government expenses and its projects. In this way, people will have
the information about where their taxes heading for.Example of it, a government project to
build a bridge, they should declare the exact expenses, lenght of time and the name of
contractors.

In addition of that, Government must give priority to education and health care system. A
government with good education system has a higher employment rate which multibillion
corpation company preferred students with degrees. More over, having a good health system,
like giving information to the public about proper diet,execrise and information to avoide
acquiring certain diseases, has a benefit to the government in which it lessen the financial
cost in spending the medicine of a hospitalize patient.

Furthermore, people also have a role to do in countrys progression.People must go to


school and study hard in order to land on a better job. If the people are productive, a
successful country will be the outcome.

In conclusion, government must be strong to govern the people to success. Eventhough the
government strive hard to lead the country, if its own people are not cooperative and not
productive, the hardwork of the govenrment will be useless.Therefore, people also play a
vital role of country's succession.People must work hard for themselves, for their family,
society and to their own country to achieve a better or successful country.