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JAY JANI 08BT01088 G3
First of all I sincerely thank Namita Kharidia madam and Khusali Purohit madam for organizing such an invaluable internship and providing us with such a wonderful learning experience. I thank all the professors and guest lecturers including Captain Sunil Kumar, Mr. Shyam Taneja, Ms. Kavita Parekh, Mr. J.M. Acharya and B.Sheshagiri who had given their valuable time for the career counselling and pre-briefing seminar. I thank K.Lakshmana Deputy GM of ONGC Mehsana Asset , C.Malik drilling engineer who briefly explained us about the whole mechanism of drilling. I thank S.T. Mistri from ONGC WSS, Mr. Bhalotia and Mr. N.H. Patel from IOCL Koyali and all the other dignitaries who escorted us in industry visits. Last but not the least I thank our group co-ordinator Mr. Durgesh Kumar who took good care of us and very well co-ordinated us throughout the whole internship and industry visits.
As a part of it we went to various industries like ONGC Mehsana.ABSTRACT Our college scheduled an Industrial Orientation Internship in the 2nd year of B. refining. production. We gained some precious knowledge about the various laboratory techniques at ONGC IRS. We visited GGS. Then we examined the functioning of chemical plants at IFFCO. ONGC WSS. Then we learned about various stimulation techniques at WSS. ONGC IRS. GIPCL. 2|Page . distribution. IOCL. GACL. GIPCL and GNFC. ONGC Vadodara. electricity generation and research activities. drilling. transportation. Tech to make us familiar with Industry Operations in Oil and Gas Industry including exploration. GACL. GNFC and Petronet LNG. We examined source characterizations at ONGC Vadodara and the need for conversion of natural gas into LNG and its various transportation as well as production characteristics at Petronet LNG. separator and ETP plants as well as the drilling site at ONGC Mehsana. IFFCO.
Industries Visited 3. GNFC 13. GIPCL 11. IOCL 10. ONGC Mehsana 5.INDEX 1. Petronet LNG 4 5 6 7 10 12 16 18 20 22 24 25 26 3|Page . ONGC IRS 7. Safety Overview 4. ONGC Vadodara 9. IFFCO 8. ONGC WSS 6. GACL 12. Overview of Industrial Orientation 2.
Then we visited IOCL Koyali where we saw various refinery plants such as CGP. etc. sand incursion. Later we saw various chemical processes and techniques at GACL. LAB. First we visited ONGC Vadodara where we went through various labs such as source rock characterization lab. In the second week of internship we visited various industries of Vadodara. probe. sand dumper. frac bag and X-mas tree. Then we saw the power stations. We also examined ETP and drilling site.INTRODUCTION Overview of Industrial Visit As a part of Industrial Orientation Internship we first visited ONGC Mehsana Asset where we saw the mechanism behind the functioning of GGS. Then we visited ONGC WSS where we examined various techniques such as hydraulic fracturing. TPS. etc. PVT. separators and X -mas tree. Then we went through 10 various labs such as combustion. urea loading and reformer plants. application of nitrogen and about the working of blender. at ONGC IRS. Then we were described about the production of ammonia in ammonia 4|Page . etc. Ranoli. chemical flood lab. Then we visited IFFCO and observed various plants like production of ammonia plant. water flooding. heater treator. sedimentology lab. coi led tubing. SLPP and steam generators at GIPCL. MEOR. acidisation.
09 21. Jain 6.12. Mistri Mr.plants at GNFC. Mandhir Kumar Mr.12. Patel.Vaishnav GACL Ranoli Mr. 23.12. S. 3. Koyali Mr. Patadia Mr.A. Jaydeep Patel Mr.09 GNFC Bharuch Mr.I.Modashia Petronet LNG Mr. 24.09 ONGC WSS.T. Bhalotia 7. Malik 2. 14. Chandkheda Mr.09 ONGC Mehsana Mr.12. Kalol ONGC IRS.D. Modi 4. K. 22.A. 15.Lakshmana. Patel 8.R. K. At last we visited Petronet LNG where we examined the transportation of LNG and the processes related to its conversion into natural gas.09 GIPCL Ranoli Mr. C. Mr. Ashish Agrawal Date Industry Visited Facilitator 5|Page . Mr.12.09 IOCL. 1. S.12. Chandkheda ONGC Vadodara Mr.K.K. Mr.09 16. No.H. Mrugesh Mr. N.K. V.12. 17.09 IFFCO.J. Industries Visited Sr. 5.Patel.12. S Biswas Mr.
We were provided with safety helmets at ONGC Mehsana. ONGC WSS. IFFCO.Safety Overview Safety is of utmost importance while working in any industry plants and this was briefly explained to us while our pre-briefing seminar and when we were in various industries. Almost all the industries had given us some basic safety instructions such as switching off mobile phones. We were also guided about the ISO and OHSAS certifications and its norms. Also in the various labs of ONGC IRS and ONGC Vadodara we were told about the various safety precautions taken. 6|Page . IOCL and Petronet LNG. staying away from various working plants. etc.
is the highest oil producing onshore asset of ONGC. Thereafter. However. For the better recovery of heavy oil techniques like in-situ combustion and air injection. wherein the production wells are initially steam stimulated. In this method for recovering of hydrocarbons from heavy oil and tar sand formations by a series of sequenced steps. located in Northern part of Gujarat State. Deputy General Manager of Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Ltd. In short. heavy oil reservoirs generally pr esent lowenergy and low productivity wells. They are characterized by high viscosity that increases as API gravity decreases. Then he told us that there are a total of 1080 wells on production in Mehsana out of which 850 wells are on sucker rod pumps and 200 are on gas lifts. These heavy oil fields belong to northern part of Cambay basin are Santhal. Heavy oil fields at Mehsana were found during 1970-71. An additional quantity 7|Page . Mehsana asset. These characteristics make recovery challenging.1.35 MMT.2 pore volumes of steam of a relatively high steam quality are injected into the formation through the injection w ells. ONGC Mehsana ONGC envisages organizing Import/International Sale of Crude Oil and Export of Petroleum Products through Tendering Procedure for all the Gro up Companies.6 to about 1. He told us that ONGC is India's biggest integrated oil company having major interest in E&P activities. Lanwa and Becharaji which. The western region has 3 assets namely Ahmedabad. low gas/oil ratio. Mehsana Asset is having oil fields producing both heaviest crude and one of the lightest crude in India with API gravity ranging from 13-420. Then he explained that Heavy oil exhibits grav ity less than 20 0 API. it would be restricted to the Companies/ Firms/ Vendors registered with ONGC on its approved Vendor Lists. as well as significant asphaltenes. Balol. low hydrogen/carbon ratios. sulfur and heavy metals. (ONGC) Mehasana gave explained few facts and figures about ONGC and its Mehsana Asset. Ankaleshwar and Mehsana. about 0. These fields cover an area of about 70 Sq Km and contain around 150 MMT oil in place. The annual crude oil production of the Asset is in the tune of 2.
Based on field experience. some of the major issues which came up during implementation are summarized in this paper. A separator for petroleum production is a large drum designed to separate production fluids into their constituent components of oil. gas and water. A heating element at the base of the heater heats up the oil. Any solids such as sand will also settle in the bottom of the separator. Based on encouraging results. Then we visited Sobhashan plant where we observed the separator plants and heater treators. which increases the oil mobility and displace it towards the surrounding producers. Oil heaters consist of metal columns with hollow cavities. The oil acts as a heat reservoir or buffer. usually for holding 8|Page . producing CO2. The project was initiated at Balol field on pilot scale in 1991. He told that there are 30 group gathering stations (GGS) are installed. It is a matter of pride that ONGC. in-situ combustion technique was implemented on commercial scale in 1997 at Balol and Santhal fields. In this process a small quantity of in-place oil burns. It involves ignition in the well and injection of air to sustain flame front. It works on the principle that the three components have different densities.of steam is then injected wherein the steam quality is decreased to a relatively low quality. inside which oil flows freely around the heater. Water injection and wet in situ combustion conclude the method. which then flows around the cavities of the heater by convection. A storage tank is a container. It has not only given a new lease of life to these fields but has also increased the oil recovery factor from 6-12% to 39-45%. The technique is based on the principle of reducing viscosity by heating of oil in the reservoir itself. Then he also explained the procedure of 5 ½ inch casing in a well ranging 1000-2000 metres and then the logging and X-mas tree mechanism. with a relatively high specific heat capacity. water va pours and heat. which allows them to stratify when moving slowly with gas on top. In-situ combustion is a thermal enhanced oil recovery process. Then he briefly described about exploratory wells and seismic surveys. Production engineering for in situ combustion involves careful planning and monitoring for successful implementation. Mehsana has successfully implemented this technology. water on the bottom and oil in the middle. The modelling of these techniques is done by ONGC IRS. It helps in lowering the viscosity of oil.
Angle of horizontal drilling was 87 degrees. signifying huge potential for enhancing oil recovery .so we have to concentrate on discovering new and economic methods for enhancing oil recovery of heavy oil. Initially effluents were sent into wash tanks where 25 % of oil was recovered. Then we were told about the need for flare and maslometre. Finally we examined the purpose of 2 3/8 inch sand screens used there. Large tanks tend to be vertical cylindrical. Storage tanks are available in many shapes: vertical and horizontal cylindrical. Then it was sent to chemical tank for the mixing of some chemicals. After that we visited effluent treatment plant (ETP) where we saw the sludge formation and its treatment. or to have rounded corners (transition from vertical side wall to bottom profile.5-8. There we were explained how the emulsion is separated into oil and gas phase separately inside the separators. We also examined the central tank form (CTF) and gas compressor plant (GCP). sand control and BOPs. then it was sent equalization tank.5 m. to easier withstand hydraulic hydrostatically induced pressure of contained liquid. Horizontal drift was of 529. Therefore the effective conclusion drawn was that The heavy oil reserves across the world are twice the conventional oil reserves. slope bottom and dish bottom. Effluent had a ph of 6. 9|Page . then to skimmer and TPI feed tank where nearly 100 % oil was recovered. Chandrashekhar Malik gave a brief explanation on wild cat rigs. which lead to settler tank where water floats and heavy particles get settled forming the sludge drying beds. Later we visited the drilling site where Mr. Then we examined the drilling rig which had a depth of 1040 m. cone bottom. sometimes for compressed gases (gas tank). flat bottom.5.liquids. Finally it was sent to filter feed tank. open top and closed top.
Oil foil circulation. Sand control. dolomite. S. First ONGC Stimulation Centre was established in 1975 i n Mehsana and then in 1982 in Ahmedabad. Then the Sand control is vital to reliable production in many sandstone reservoirs where sand can present a major obstacle to well production. The petroleum industry spends millions of dollars each year to prevent and repair sand control problems including reduced production rates. Then the presentation explained about the major processes being carried out at ONGC WSS. It is also used to remove mud injected during drilling. sand bridging. Mr. which comes spooled on a large reel. Gravel Packing.T. used for interventions in oil and gas wells and sometimes as production tubing in depleted gas wells. WSS is ISO 9001:2000. First major process is Hydro fracturing which is a water well development/rehabilitation method used to increase the yields of low-production water wells completed in rock where the fracture/joint systems are so poorly developed or so tight that little or no water can move through them. Acidization. Activation with NO2. The general objective of acidization is to increase productivity. After that it explained the process of acidization which involves forcing acid into a limestone. normally 1" to 3.2. The 10 | P a g e . Bacteria using process. ISO 14001:1996 and OHSAS certified. or sandstone in order to increase permeability and porosity by dissolving and removing a p art of the rock constituents. Coiled tubing is often used to carry out operations similar to wirelining. Coiled tubing refers to metal piping. Mistri showed us a detailed presentation containing worthy information on the functioning of WSS. and sand disposal and removal. ONGC Well Stimulation Servies (ONGC WSS) WSS is a branch of ONGC whose main objective is to stimulate choked and sick oil which generally happens when porosity in the reservoir is present but permeability is absent and this basically restricts the movement of oil. After that an elaborate description of coiled tubing was given.25" in diameter. The major processes involved are Hydro fracturing. erosion of equipment. Coil tubing.
which can limit the number of installations where coiled tubing can be performed and make the operation more costly. which is used to support the surface equipment. the 'footprint' for a coiled tubing operation is genera lly larger than a wire line spread. Coil tubing has also been used as a cheaper version of work-over operations. Coil tubing can perform almost any operation for oil well operations if used correctly. whereas wire line can be carried out from a smaller and cheaper intervention vessel. A coiled tubing operation is normally performed through the drilling derrick on the oil platform.main benefits over wire line are the ability to pump chemicals through the coil and the ability to push it into the hole rather than relying on gravity. Onshore. a process where fluid is pressurized to thousands of psi on a specific point in a well to literally break the rock apart and allow the flow of product. The tool string at the bottom of the coil is often called the bottom hole assembly (BHA). For coiled tubing operations on sub -sea wells a semi-submersible has to be utilized to support all the surface equipment and personnel. It can range from something as simple as a jetting nozzle. for jobs involving pumping chemicals or cement through the coil. It is used to perform open hole drilling and milling operations. However. 11 | P a g e . they can be run using smaller service rigs. although on platforms with no drilling facilities a self supporti ng tower can be used instead. It can also be used to fracture the well. depending on the operations. to a larger string of logging tools. for offshore operations. and for light operations a mobile self-contained coiled tubing rig can be used.
Single and 12 | P a g e . utilize the latest workstations configured over an institute wide network. The services offered are conventional and special core analysis. The IRS library contains a wide range of books ranging from exploration to revenue management. Laboratories at IRS provide a complete range of studies on Reservoir Characterization. The integrated setup of laboratories itself becomes a guarantee to provide maximum profitability from reservoirs all through. EOR Process and Well Productivity Enhancement. Over 15 multi-disciplinary teams. for field development planning and continuous reservoir management. ONGC Institute of Reservoir Studies (ONGC IRS) The Institute of Reservoir Studies (IRS) was founded in 1978 as a single-source and multi-service reservoir engineering agency with the objectives to: y y y Maximize Provide hydrocarbon holistic reservoir recovery description through at minimum integration of all cost data Maximize the value of proven reserves with conventional and improved recovery techniques Enhance the skills and knowledge for better reservoir management. Seamless access to the internet is also available throughout the Institute through a lease line. It also subscribes to various petroleum industry related journals and magazines. Phase behaviour studies of all types of reservoir fluids. equipped with the latest audio-visual facilities and interpreter desks provides an ideal setup for technical presentations and conferences. A 400 seat Technical Seminar Hall.3. A full set of SPE papers on microfiche and compact disks are available in the library. y IRS's resources include 12 modern laboratories with latest equipment supported by comprehensive engineering services. Petrography and mineralogical studies.
The different properties of heavy and light crude oils. Facilities for conventional and special core analysis on consolidated and unconsolidated sands . Scanning Electron. IRS has a membership and technology transfer agreement with M/s Computer Modelling Group (CMG) Calgary. Physico-chemical characterization of injection water. tracer lab. petro physical lab. And then IRS studies and understands the problem. The Institute has been modeled around the concept of 'collaboration and interaction' to accelerate the process of completing the studies. improve confidence by using the strengths of latest software and hardware and increase the accuracy of forecasting.inter well tracer tests. We learnt the different applications of each lab and how IRS works. 13 | P a g e . air injection lab. Microscope with EDS . probe and virtual core lab. chemical flood lab. Extended molar composition studies to feed up to C20. The description of some of the labs is given below. etc. Phase behaviour studies of Oil-Gas and Gas-Condensate systems . First its clients sends samples (core as well as chips). water and gas control lab. The Institute also has a technical collaboration for investigation in High-Pressure Air Injection (HPAI) as Improved Oil Recovery (IOR) process in medium and light oil reservoirs with the University of Calgary. Canada. Canada. Perkin Elmer's Gas Chromatograph. Spectrophotometer. analyse the problem and produces the solution to it. Thermal lab: In this lab we learnt how the thermal gradient affects the occurrence and production of crude oil. water flood lab. Some of them are thermodynamic lab. Screening and evaluation of water treatment additives The facilities available are: Basic Data Generation Labs. X-ray diffraction machine. Liquid scintillation counter. There were about 12 different labs we visited. gas injection lab.
In this zone. These are the steps involved in the process of insitu combustion: 1. A vaporizing zone that contains combustion products. leaving a heavy deposit of residual coke or carbon as fuel for the advancing combustion front. 5. cooling causes light hydrocarbons to condense and steam to revert back to hot water. 2. This shows the combustion zone which advances through the formation. Air is then injected down the well. creating steam which contributes to better heat utilization and reduced air requirements. and the heater is operated until ignition is accomplished. and steam. providing a steam drive and an intense gas drive for the recovery of oil. This action displaces oil. vaporized light hydrocarbons. High temperature just ahead of the combustion zone causes lighter fractions of the oil to vaporize. 4. Water is sometimes injected simultaneously or alternately with air. After heating the surrounding rock. Any water formed or injected will turn to steam in this zone because of residual heat. creates a combustion zone that moves through the formation toward production wells. This zone is burned out as the combustion front advances. The energy is created at the surface and hot water circulation causes the decrease in the viscosity of the oil thus letting it flow through the pipeline.The major emphasis was on the production of heavy crude oil. owing to its distance from the combustion front. 14 | P a g e . 3. This process is sometimes started by lowering a heater or igniters into an injection well. the heater is withdrawn. Burning some of the oil in situ (in place). 6. For the production of heavy oil . but air injection is continued to maintain the advancing combustion front. helping to heat it. in situ combustion is used. This method is sometimes applied to reservoirs containing oil too viscous or "heavy" to be produced by conventional means. This steam flows on into the unburned area of the formation. The density is about 20 API and 10000 cp.
the oil to be sold and the water and gases sometimes reinjected.condensed steam thins the oil. Microbial enhanced oil recovery lab: This is a lab in which the study of bacteria is done for the flow assurance of the oil in the pipeline. an oil bank (an accumulation of displaced oil) is formed. and combustion gases. There are basically 3 types of bacteria on which the study was going on : 15 | P a g e . the oil. It contains oil. 7. In this zone. This lab had any sophisticated instruments and cleanliness was of at most importance. water. The oil bank will grow cooler as it moves toward production wells. 8. and gases will be brought to the surface and separated . and combustion gases aid in driving t he oil to production wells. When the oil bank reaches the production wells. and temperatures will drop to that near initial reservoir temperature. water. The process will be terminated by stopping air injection when predesignated areas are burned out or the burning front reaches production wells.
is the world¶s largest fertiliser cooperative based in India which is registered as a Multistate Cooperative Society. Overall IRS works whenever the upstream (ONGC or its clients) are in trouble. This bacterium degrades the oil molecules and purifies the surface of the sea. 4. 1975 in an area covering 96 hectares. 2) PBD (paraffin degrading bacteria) 3) FIB FIB is used at the times of oil spills in the open lands or seas. Kalol unit . and is made up of BIO acids.the oldest unit of IFFCO is located at 26 km from ahmedabad on the Ahmedabad Mehsana highway. This sector had adequate infrastructure to distribute fertilisers but had no production facilities of its own and hence was dependent on public/private sectors for supplies.1) S-2 This bacterium is used to decrease the IFT (interfacial tension) in the piping.Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited (IFFCO) Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited. a new cooperative society 16 | P a g e . also known as IFFCO. During the 1960s the cooperative sector in India was responsible for the distribution of 70 per cent of the fertilisers consumed in the country. The Unit started commercial production in April. its acts as a surfactant. To overcome this difficulty and to bridge the demand supply gap in the country. This is a very self contained laboratory and the largest in the whole of Asia. This is a great asset to the ONGC.
907 Gcal/tone of urea. Plant productivity during the year stood at 1354 tones/person. registering overall capacity utilization of 94 percent for nitrogenous and 58 per cent for phosphatic fertilizer. 1967 as a Multi-unit Co-operative Society.was conceived to specifically cater to the needs of farmers.700 at present. the Society is deemed to be registered as a Multistate Cooperative Society.47 lakh tones of fertilizer material. Indian Farmers Fertiliser Cooperative Limited (IFFCO) was registered on November 3. Instrumentation and Control through Distributed Control System(DCS) Description of the plant: During the year 2007-8 IFFCO produced 68. Processes involved: The processes involve the manufacturing process of Urea. The Society has cloaked an all time high sales of 93. The numbers of cooperative societies associated with IFFCO have risen from 57 in 1967 to more than 37.24 lakh tonne of fertilizers during 2008 09. The Society has also achieved another important landmark in the field of energy conservation by clocking overall annual energy of 5. On the enactment of the Multistate Cooperative Societies act 1984 & 2002.. The bylaws of the Society provide a broad frame work for the activities of IFFCO as a cooperative society. It contributes 20 per cent of country¶s total nitrogenous fertilizer production and 25 percent of total phosphatic fertilizer production in the same period. Joint ventures and Major Investments: National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange Limited(NCDEX) National Collateral Management Services Limited(NCMSL) IFFCO Tokio General Insurance Company Limited IFFCO Chattisgarh Power Limited IFFCO Kisan Sanchar Limited IFFCO Kisan Special Economic Zone New Projects: Phosphoric acid plant in Egypt Phosphoric acid plant in Jordan 17 | P a g e . The Society is primarily engaged in the production and distribution of fertilisers.
5. well logging. magnetic. Then he explained about geochemical surveys and then the last performed seismic survey including reflection and refraction surveys to confirm the availability of traps. physical and acoustic surveys. Mr. it is possible to estimate the depth of the feature that generated the 18 | P a g e . First of all. He described about the starting surveys that are carried out at the time of oil exploration. Reflection seismology (or seismic reflection) is a method of exploration geophysics that uses the principles of seismology to estimate the properties of the Earth's subsurface from reflected seismic waves. He elaborately discussed about recognition surveys that include study of source rock samples and contours. geological and geochemical labs. Oman Additional Information: IFFCO Kalol has imported technology from Jacobs Engg(USA) Conclusion: IFFCO is performing very well in its disciplines. such as dynamite/Tovex. a specialized air gun or a seismic vibrator. Markand explained a brief presentation on ³Oil Exploration and Exploitation´.Rock Phosphate project in Australia Oman India Fertilizers Project. ONGC VADODARA ONGC Vadodara mainly deals with the geophysical. The method requires a controlled seismic source of energy. By noting the time it takes for a reflection to arrive at a receiver. It has efforts in the past and has been successful in increasing the number of cooperative societies and it has been successful in signing different joint ventures and invested in many new projects. geochemical and environmental surveys. Finally the environmental surveys are done to assess the impact on the environment. Then he described about various geo-physical surveys such as gravity. drilling. commonly known by the trademark name Vibroseis.
First he described about geological labs such as sedimentology. geochemical. the results obtained from reflection seismology are usually not unique (more than one model adequately fits the data) and may be sensitive to relatively small errors in data collection.reflection. In this way. In common with other geophysical methods. PVT labs and formation fluid labs. source rock geology and phase behavior labs. some of the energy of the wave will be reflected off the boundary. palynology. great care must be taken when interpreting the results of a reflection seismic survey. In the case of reflection seismology. petrophysical. while some of it will be transmitted through the boundary. 19 | P a g e . or analysis. where V is the seismic wave velocity and (Greek rho) is the density of the rock. In common with other types of inverse problems. Also he explained about various testings carried out before the start of production such as hermatical testing and about the functioning of other units such as CTF. Then he described about well stimulation. When a seismic wave encounters a boundary between two different materials with different impedances. reflection seismology may be seen as a type of inverse problem. the experimental data are recorded seismograms. paleontology. After that he told the method of first drilling the exploratory well and then various drilling and well logging mechanisms. the experimenter wishes to develop an abstract model of the physical system being studied. reflection seismology is similar to sonar and echolocation. given a set of data collected by experimentation and the physical laws that apply to the experiment. Seismic waves are a form of elastic wave that travel in the Earth. That is. and the desired result is a model of the structure and physical properties of the Earth's crust. Any medium that can support wave propagation may be described as having an impedance (see Acoustic impedance and Electromagnetic impedance). The seismic (or acoustic) impedance Z is defined by the equation Z=V . processing. For these reasons. Then he briefly described about the types of labs present in ONGC Vadodara and the techniques and functioning adopted by these labs.
the production and storage capacity of the refinery and various pipeline sizes. IOCL Koyali We visited IOCL Koyali on 22 nd December. amount of hydrocarbon content. S K Jain described about the sedimentology lab where he explained about the nomenclature of rocks. We gained plentiful knowledge about the seismic surveys. maturity and its other characteristics such as porosity and permeability. First of all he mentioned about the various units installed at the plant.After that Mr. S2 and S3. was born after discovery of crude oil in Ankleshwar in South Gujarat. its thin sections and its distinction from others was the most correlating part with the geology or earth science that we had studied in 3 rd semester. Jawaharlal Nehru. Bhalotia showed us a brief presentation describing the working and functioning of Gujarat refinery. their depositional environment using various rock samples and their thin sections. The rock samples. various geochemical labs and rock samples at ONGC Vadodara. the flagship refinery of Indian Oil. Thereafter Mr. situated on the outskirts of Vadodara. Gujarat Refinery. 2009 and went through a brief security check.Then he described about biomarkers and GCMS. depth of availability. At last we saw the preservation and storage of data in hard disks and the working of Sun Microsystems being used there. on 10th May. Late Pt. differentiation of igneous. then Prime Minister of India laid the foundation stone of this Public Sector Refinery at Koyali. 1963. sedimentary and metamorphic rocks. He explained about the three basic types of hydrocarbons namely S1. S Biswas elaborately described and showed us the working of source rock characterization lab where the investigation of source rock is done after the well is drilled. 6. with the technical assistance of the then 20 | P a g e . Mr.
20. Then he explained about the various grades of petrol.0 MMTPA was commissioned in October 1965. The Refinery has been expanded. It has 180 process units at its seven refineries. Gujarat Refinery has been in the forefront of productivity.1 % as compared to Rs. hydro crackers and fluidized catalytic cracking (FCC). He discussed about the generation of electricity at co-generation power plants 21 | P a g e . 6. its differentiation from each other based on contamination and combustion properties. 2. IOCL has world class R & D facilities with 4Indians and 3 international Patents caused. up by 12. environment protection and its strong commitment to customer delight and national service since then.779 crore in the previous year. the Refinery was set up with a capacity of 2. Then he described about the various plant units and the connectivity between all these units. Then he elaborately described about various refinery units starting form primary units such as auxiliary unit (AU) and vacuum distillation unit (VDU). cracking. North Gujarat and Bombay High IOCL has association with major energy giants such as PETRONAS (Malaysia).479 crore.47. Then he described about mechanism behind secondary units which includes chemical reactions.0 million metric tonnes per annum (MMTPA) for processing Ankleshwar Crude. Initially. revamped and modernized from time to time and today. 2.963 crore.USSR. Indian Oil¶s Gross Turnover (inclusive of excise duty) for the year 2007 -08 reached a new high of Rs. Crude types (based on Sulphur ) used in IOCL Koyali 1) SG (Low Sulphur) 2) NG (Acidic) 3) BH (Low Sulphur & Light Crude) 4) LS 5) HS (Low Sulphur) (High Sulphur) Source of Crude are : South Gujarat. The first Crude Distillation Unit (AU 1) of 1. the refining capacity of Gujarat Refinery stands at 13. quality. Lubriz oil. safety. Oil Tanking GMBH (Germany). The Profit after Tax is Rs.29 million tones of petroleum products during the year 2007 -08 The Corporation has seven refineries. The Corporation sold 59.7 MMTPA.
Gujarat.(CGP) and thermal power stations (TPS). Patel showed us these plants and installations in practical at the refinery. (GIPCL). Mono olefins + Benzene LAB (Linear Alkyl Benzene) Later Mr. The company has a vision to transform itself into a national level power sector enterprise. Vadodara. 22 | P a g e . He also described about the mechanism of production flow and transportation of various hydrocarbon fuels and gases. Later he discussed about linear alkyl benzene (LAB) which is used as raw material for detergents and about aviation turbine fuel (AT F). He told us that the company was setup in 1985 and installed the 1 st commissioned cycle power plant in 1992 in Vadodara. Petrochemical. Linear chain molecule reacts with benzene. Various characterizations and the phase behavior of petroleum marked straight corelation with the fluid properties and its phase behavior studied in thermodynamics of reservoir fluid. The total present capacity of Vadodara and Mangrol plants is 560 MW. 7. K. HF is used as a catalyst.O. Patel with the help of presentation explained us about the company Gujarat Industries Power Company Ltd. Mono olefins and benzene are mixed in the ratio of 1:30. The company is engaged in business of Electrical Power Generation. N.R.H. Gujarat Industries Power Company Limited (GIPCL) Mr. The company is having its registered office at P.
1999 as Independent Power Producer(IPP) with Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with GUVNL. 23 | P a g e . 2 x 125 MW SLPP Phase II Expansion Project with Expansion of Lignite Mines is in advanced stage of implementation. 1997 as Independent Power Producer(IPP) with Power Purchase Agreement (PPA) with GUVNL. Government of Gujarat has consented to allot 500 MW Expansion Phase-3 also to Gujarat Industries Power Company Limited and the Site Selection. GIPCL also contains Surat Lignite Power Plant (SLPP) having two circulating fluidized bed combustion boilers (CFBC) of capacity 125 MW each. The company expanded its capacity and commissioned 165 MW Naphtha & Gas based Combined Cycle Power Plant at Vadodara in November. Stn I contains 3 gas generators of an installed capacity of 32 MW and 1 steam generator of 49 MW. Whereas Stn II contains one gas turbine of capacity 111 MW and one steam turbine of capacity 54 MW. Power from this plant is distributed to its promoters in proportion to their original equity holding. The company currently has an installed capacity of 560 MW.It commissioned its first power project. It commissioned 250 MW Lignite based Power Plant at Nani Naroli. and Engineering Activities by consultants for the same is in advanced stage. 1992 at Vadodara. For this also Captive Lignite Mine is developed at Mangrol (adjacent to Vastan) and the mining lease for the same is available. The project is scheduled to be commissioned in the 3rd quarter of current financial year. District Surat in November. Environmental Clearance. It consists of two stations: Station I (Stn-I) and Station II (Stn-II). It also has its own Captive Lignite Mines at Vastan for Surat Lignite Power Plant. a 145 MW gas based Combined Cycle Power Plant in February.
GACL's plants are working at almost 100% capacity. From an initial capacity of 37. Acquired through the best and prestigious collaborations means that they meet international specifications for our products. we have grown to be the largest producer in India.. Spread over 2 complexes at Vadodara and Dahej. The company has made it's presence felt across the globe even against stiff competition by exporting products to U SA. our manufacturing plants are eco-friendly. Be it recession. And for sure. While the capacity utilization is about 70% in the Caustic Soda Industry. all the turbulences have made GACL a stronger and a progressive company. thus bringing down the cost of production and increasing revenues. inflation. GACL has already started to diversify and expand its existing infrastructure to consolidate it's supremacy in Chlor-Alkali and other integrated downstream products. Besides. Australia. Our stern resolve to manufacture quality chemicals and trek customer satisfaction to a new height has yielded unbelievable results.. China & South Asian Markets. which ensure that the environment is well looked after.. set up in the year 1973. we've lived it all. Technology moulds generations. Our endeavor to continually upgrade technology has allowed us to optimize resources.58.760 TPA. thereby utilizing the assets to the fullest extent. Africa. 30 years is a long time. 24 | P a g e .8. Long enough to test the character of any organization. Far & Middle East countries.425 TPA Caustic Soda. Knowing that the time ahead may prop-up newer hurdles. The location of both the plants 'Vadodara' and 'Dahej' has dual ad vantage of proximity to the rawmaterial suppliers and the end users. increased competition or changing governments. Europe.Gujarat Alkali and Chemicals Limited (GACL) GACL . with a capacity of 3. Further the company takes pride in having honoured it's commitments without fail.
and we at GNFC are more concerned about that. Diammon ium Phosphate (DAP) and Muriate of Potash (MOP) In addition. GNFC today is one of the leaders in fertilizer industry. Gujarat Narmada Fertilizer Company (GNFC) GNFC started fertilizer manufacturing and marketing operations by setting up in 1982. 25 | P a g e . GNFC has to its credit one of the largest Ammonia plant. The basic objective of marketing such fertilizers is to make available wide range of fertilizers to farming community. Such steps help in making the distribution channel more strong and developing a good rapport w ith them. The market is undergoing a sea change and there is a shift from sellers to buyers market. Both plants of Vadodara and Dahej are connected by VSAT and lease lines. a reference plant in the world of fuel oil based technology along with the world's largest single stream Urea plant. GNFC is also handling traded fertilizers like Single Super Phosphate(SSP) from Liberty Phosphate and Others. DAP and Urea. Therefore it is of paramount importance to make available different kind of fertilizers as per the market demand in different areas. Ammonium Nitrophosphate and Calcium Ammonium Nitrate under the umbrella NARMADA. 9. one of the worlds largest single-stream ammonia-urea fertilizer complexes. The company is engaged in manufacturing and selling fertilizers such as Urea. making regular supplies of fertilizers to distribution channel and enhancing the company's turnover.GACL has adopted to the age of information technology for fast and uninterruptible information exchange. This provides on-line information at any given point of time. The company is engaged in handling and importing Urea.
10. with a capacity of 5 MMTPA. The Company has followed a transparent International Competitive Bidding process and selected Ras Laffan Liquefied Natural Gas Company Ltd. While French national gas company Gaz de France (GDF) is our strategic partner. which was jointly submitted by RasGas and Mobil LNG Inc. Petronet LNG Petronet LNG is at the forefront of India's all-out national drive to ensure the country's energy security in the years to come.200 crore ($240 million). (RasGas) as the preferred LNG supplier for 5. Petronet LNG is also drawing keen interest from global energy industry. with a capacity of 2. This selection was based on the strong commercial package. Company¶s main motive is to import LNG from two their own two ships Rahi and Disha and then to collect LNG and convert it back into natural gas. Our promoters are GAIL (India) Limited. Qatar. Kerala.5 MMTPA. Inherent economic advantages resulting from the geographic proximity of Qatar to India and the cost-effective expansion of existing liquefaction facilities has resulted in a supply package from RasGas. which will pass through to the consumers. it involves India's leading oil and natural gas industry players. Gujarat. has signed an LNG sale and purchase agreement (SPA) with us for the supply of LNG to India. Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IOCL) and Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL). and are in the process of setting up another terminal at Kochi. Its first LNG Terminal was set up at Dahej. Formed as a Joint Venture by the Government of India to import LNG and set up LNG terminals in the country. This supply alliance with RasGas and Mobil provides numerous fundamental advantages. 1. 26 | P a g e .0 MMTPA (million metric tonnes per annum) at Dahej and 2. Ras Laffan Liquefied Natural Gas Company Limited. Ashish Agrawal described about Petronet LNG.5 MMTPA at Kochi. Mr. Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC). which could not be matched by any other supplier. The authorized capital is Rs.
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