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11/14/2017 Deflections Determined by Three-Moment Equation | Strength of Materials Review

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Deflections Determined by Three-Moment Equation

Summary of key points

1. The three-moment equation can be applied at any three points in any beam. It will determine the relation among the moments at
these points.
2. The terms 6Aa/L and 6Ab/L refer to the moment diagram by parts resulting from the simply supported loads between any two
adjacent points described in (1).
3. The heights h1 and h3 from the equation


6A1 a1 6A2 b 2 h1 h3
M1 L1 + 2M2 (L1 + L2 ) + M3 L2 + + = 6EI ( + )
L1 L2 L1 L2

refer to the respective vertical distance of points 1 and 3 from point 2. The height h is positive if above point 2 and negative if below
it.

Problem 859
Determine the value of EI under P in Fig. P-859. What is the result if P is replaced by a clockwise couple M?

Solution 859

Click here to show or hide the solution

M1 = 0

M2 = P b

M3 = 0

h1 = 0

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11/14/2017 Deflections Determined by Three-Moment Equation | Strength of Materials Review

| h3 | = 3


6A1 a1 6A2 b 2 h1 h3
M1 L1 + 2M2 (L1 + L2 ) + M3 L2 + + = 6EI ( + )
L1 L2 L1 L2

h3
0 + 2(P b)(a + b) + 0 + 0 + 0 = 6EI (0 + )
b

6EI h3
2P bL =
b

EI h3 = 2P Lb /3
2
the negative sign indicates that point 3 is below point 2

Thus,
EI 3 = P Lb /3
2
answer

If P is replaced by a clockwise couple M


M1 = 0

M2 = M

M3 = M

h1 = 0

| h3 | =


6A1 a1 6A2 b 2 h1 h3
M1 L1 + 2M2 (L1 + L2 ) + M3 L2 + + = 6EI ( + )
L1 L2 L1 L2

h3
0 + 2(M )(a + b) + (M )(b) + 0 + 0 = 6EI (0 + )
b

6EI h3
2M L M b =
b

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11/14/2017 Deflections Determined by Three-Moment Equation | Strength of Materials Review
6EI h3
M (b + 2L) =
b

M b(b + 2L) = 6EI h3

EI h3 = M b(b + 2L)/6 point 3 is below point 2

Thus,
EI 3 = M b(b + 2L)/6 answer

Tags: three-moment equation beam deflection deflection by three-moment equation overhanging beam

Problem 860 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation


Problem 861 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 862 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 863 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 864 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 865 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 866 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 867 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 868 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 869 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 870 | Beam Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 871 | Continuous Beam with Spring End-Support
Problem 872 | Continuous Beam with Spring End-Support

Problem 856 | Continuous Beams with Fixed Ends up


Problem 860 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation

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Strength of Materials

Chapter 01 - Simple Stresses


Chapter 02 - Strain
Chapter 03 - Torsion
Chapter 04 - Shear and Moment in Beams
Chapter 05 - Stresses in Beams
Chapter 06 - Beam Deflections
Chapter 07 - Restrained Beams
Chapter 08 - Continuous Beams
The Three-Moment Equation
Reactions of Continuous Beams | Shear Diagrams
Continuous Beams with Fixed Ends
Deflections Determined by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 860 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 861 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 862 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 863 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 864 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 865 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 866 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 867 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 868 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 869 | Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 870 | Beam Deflection by Three-Moment Equation
Problem 871 | Continuous Beam with Spring End-Support
Problem 872 | Continuous Beam with Spring End-Support
The Moment Distribution Method

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11/14/2017 Deflections Determined by Three-Moment Equation | Strength of Materials Review

Chapter 09 - Combined Stresses


Chapter 10 - Reinforced Beams

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