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-- 4 --Ja 2015 -- j--- 1


INTERMEDIATE PUBLIC EXAMINATION 2015 8. What are primary and secondary metabolites? Give
BOTANY PAPER - I examples.
TIME: 3 HOURS (English Version) Max. Marks: 60 9. At what stage of cell cycle does DNA synthesis
SECTION - A 10. Hydrophytes show reduced xylem. Why?
I. i) Very short answer type questions. and label the differences.
ii) Answer ALL the questions. SECTION - B
18. Define plant succession. Differentiate primary and secondary
iii) Each question carries TWO marks. II. i) Short answer type questions. successions.
10 2 = 20
ii) Answer any SIX questions.
1. What does ICBN stand for? SECTION - C
iii) Each question carries FOUR marks. 6 4 = 24
2. Give the main criteria used for classification by Whittaker?
11. Give a brief account of Dinoflagellates? III. i) Long answer type questions.
3. Who is popularly known as father of Botany? What was the
12. Differentiate between liverworts and Mosses. ii) Answer any TWO questions.
book written by him?
13. List the changes observed in an angiosperm flower subse- iii) Each question carries EIGHT marks.
4. How is a pinnately compound leaf is different from palmately
compound leaf? Explain with one example each. quent to pollination and fertilisation. 2 8 = 16
5. What is the type of fruit found in Mango? How does it differ 14. Describe the essential organs of Solanaceae. 19. Define Root. Mention the types of root systems. Explain how
from the fruit of Coconut? 15. Describe the structure of nucleus. root is modified to perform different functions.
6. Give the technical description of anthers of Allium cepa. 16. Explain Prophase I of Meiosis. 20. Draw the diagram of a microsporangium and label its wall
7. What is middle lamella made of? What is its functional 17. Point out the differences in the anatomy of leaf of peepal layers. Write briefly about the wall layers.
significance? (Ficus religiosa) and maize (Zea mays). Draw the diagrams 21. Describe the internal structure of Monocot stem.


7. u---L E p C? E N N- u- 16. ~-- N---E v -I N-J-.
BOTANY PAPER - I i-N? 17. N (j JL->-), \- o (>-) v -Jo-
TIME: 3 HOURS (Telugu Version) Max. Marks: 60 8. vN, CyB @-v--p-o N? --- y. t--E - *-. U, - Jh-.
9. --v- E DNA x- --C? 18. \ vEo Ey-*-. v-N -v, CyB
N A 10. F \x %P-* C. ? -v u N?
I. i) A yp - vo.
ii) Eo vo- - L. N B N C
iii) vA vo \. II. i) yp - vo. III. i) D` - vo.--
10 2 = 20 ii) j vo- - .
ii) j vo- - .
1. ICBN iii) vA vo \.
iii) vA vo E-NC \.
E *?
2. 6 4 = 24
2 8 = 16
Nd- K_--- -* u-i vA--C- N?
3. %~-Y E -JE ? *-* v C? 11. j-x--x- J* xh -.
12. L--d, \ u -.
4. a- h v, h- h vEo N- N- Ey-*-. NN N- Ey-Jh---E N-
C-hC? ---- N-J-. 13. % H p ---\, -D-- y p
- C N-J-.
5. N- C? C sJ Eo N p- -. ~ t-l H- U, Eo -J-* u - Jh-
14. -- - E -u--- Jg-.
N-C-hC? . u J* xh .
6. L --- -A g y. 15. v Et-Eo N-J-. 21. ---H f-- N-J-.

My friend wondered..
uEo -E-:
The foreign visitors said, ''What a splendid
studio complex is the Ramoji Film City!" (Direct)
The foreign visitors exclaimed that the
ii) Akhila said to Bhavani, "Is Mr. Narender on Note that when 'do' and Ramoji Film City is a very splendid studio
--Tx- leave?". (Direct) 'does' are used as auxiliary complex.
= Akhila enquired Bhavani whether Mr. verbs in direct speech, they Euu B- \ verb 'is'.
Reporting Questions Narender was on leave. (Indirect) are omitted in indirect J-- v 'was'
iii) My friend said, ''Shall we ever forget the speech.
A) 'Yes' or 'No' Questions:
comedian MS Narayana?" (Direct) Eg: i) A to B: ''Where does the
When we talk, we also report 'yes' or 'no' teacher live?" Questions for Practice
= My friend wondered whether we would
questions and information questions as well.
We shall now discuss how to report information
ever forget the comedian MS Narayana. = A asked B where the -.- --- 1. The referee said to the players, "Don't
(Indirect) teacher lived. cross the line".
questions. When a 'yes' or 'no' question is ii) Doctor to patient, ''Do you eat meat?" 2. The constable said to the motorist, "Show
reported the indirect or reported clause is intro- B) Reporting Information Questions: = The doctor asked the patient if/ whether me your driving license."
duced either by the word 'if' or 'whether'.
When an information (or Wh-) question is (s)he ate meat. 3. "Would you have a cup of coffee, please?"
Eg: i) Husband to wife, ''Are you ready?"
reported, the indirect clause begins with a wh- 4. The boy said to the teacher, "May I come in,
word. No conjunction is used.
Reporting Exclamations sir?"
= The husband asked his wife if she was
In the direct speech the verb is placed before Some words in conversation may be left 5. "Form queue immediately", said the com-
ready. (Indirect) out, or expressed in other ways in reporting.
the subject. mander to his men.
ii) Uday said to his father, "Have you paid Exclamations and question-tags, for example
In the indirect speech the verb is placed after 6. The dentist said to the woman, "Brush your
the fees?" (Direct) cannot be fitted into reported speech. The
the subject. teeth twice a day".
= Uday asked his father whether he had reporting verbs used in exclamatory sentences
In the direct speech a question mark is 7. The beggar asked the devotees, "Give me
paid the fees (Indirect). are exclaim wonder remark wish. something to eat, please!"
placed at the end of the sentence.
We see in the above sentences that the 8. "Close the door, please," said the girl.
In the indirect speech a full stop is placed at Study the following examples:
(auxiliary) verb which is placed before the sub-
the end.
ject in direct speech is put after the subject in Direct Speech Indirect Speech
indirect speech. When a question is reported, Eg: i) The teacher said to Shabariram, ''What
1. My neighbour said, ''Alas! My grandfather My neighbour exclaimed sorrowfully that his
the indirect clause begins with 'if' or 'whether' are you doing"
is dead". grandfather was dead.
and if there is any auxiliary verb, it is placed = The teacher asked Shabariram what he
after the subject. was doing. 2. She said, ''May the old man recover soon!" She prayed that the old man might recover soon.

The reporting verbs used in questions other ii) The doctor said to the patient, ''When did you 3. The tourist said, ''How beautiful the park The tourist exclaimed that the park was very
come here?" is!" beautiful.
than ask are enquire, wonder, want to know.
Eg: i) Pothanna said to Vineeth, "Can you = The doctor wanted to know when the 4. Harshini said to her teacher, 'Good Harshini wished her teacher good morning.
swim?" (Direct) patient had come there. (OR) morning sir!"
= Pothanna wanted to know if Vineeth The doctor asked the patient when he/ she had 5. The audience said to the girl, ''Hats off! The audience applauded the girl saying that she
could swim. (Indirect) come there. You have danced well. had danced well.