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--C- 4 ----J 2015 -- j--- 2

Letter of enquiry..
hobusiness letter company
(Designation ) o--J, J 23-12-15, V Street
(uh ) h Prakash Nagar
--. Ongole 525812
Jan 2 2015 Mail your queries to...
hC , letter Full
block form F, Semi block
form F Indented form F
a. Full block form --
Comfort Furnitures Ltd
12- 14-15 Jubilee Hills
I didn't go there...
J : h--E j- from II Road - Rukmini Dasari. (I won't go).
address * * - Hyderabad. Q: Sir, I won't, can't, didn't, don't b) I can't = I can not = -
and he/ she/ it doesn't - Please
h --j * v-Gh. (n u).
M. SURESAN Sirs/ Gentlemen
explain with examples. I can't (I cannot) understand
--p n .
p Semi block form A: I won't = I will not (refusing to Hindi =
h l: Semi block form From Re: Supply of furniture - enquiry D n --
do something in future) = C
address, To address left margin * v-Gh.
I can't (I can not) sing =
Date v u -j h. We need the following items of furniture for the
-- . -.
I can't = I can not = I am not c) Didn't = () -.
Para left margin * n - a (5 spaces) office we propose to start very soon. We wish to know
able = C He/ I didn't go there yesterday =
\-x. p C sample l: if you supply those items and if you do, their prices
I didn't = I did not =
N: Semi block letters -C too. Our requirement is as follows:
C - / Eo \- x-.
letter u * -j- -. -j j 1. Computer tables with chairs - 10 sets
(). d) Don't = do not = / /
I don't = I do not = C p/
2. Officer tables with drawers - 4 and
. .
- . We/ I/ You/ They don't (do not)
-Lq N: 3. Sofa sets for the Reception Lounge - 3 a) I won't = I will not: smoke = / / y/
furniture company -Lq furniture items We shall appreciate your immediate response. I will not go to Bangalore =
supply h? ? N -
O/ x - /
Smoke .
- s -? delivery y Yours faithfully
- x/ x-- .
x J y vo- letter
-L.. for Divya Enterprises
subscription (T) letter , Yours
faithfully faithfully yours, yours sincere- Manager
ly sincerely yours E a. Encl: A plan of our company.

'Instant' is outdated!
- Siripurapu Pavani.
Q: Sir! You explained in recent lesson about
self introduction. Please explain it with
some brief examples. -- --yu --Rx-
- N. Kanaka Murthy. - Bandi Venkateswarlu. p- -- a---E ---E ----L?
Q: Sir, please explain the meaning of the fol- Q: Sir, please clarify the difference between "Can I take my place" is this correct?
lowing sentences which are in passive advice and advise. A: i) You can be even briefer, but when you
- Varun. voice in Telugu and the usage of such sen- introduce yourself, you have to give at least
A: 'Advice' is a noun, whereas 'advise' is a
tences may be explained briefly. very important details about yourself like
Q: Sir, I want to know the Telugu meaning of verb. Advice () means opinion or
your name, your qualifications, the place
1. The shop is closed. suggestion that you give someone about
this sentence "Did you found it hard to you come from, your goal in life, and why
wind down?"(it is a stress related ques- 2. The shop was closed. something/ how to do something (). you are applying for the job for which you
tion). 3. The shop has been closed. Advise is giving advice to somebody ( have been asked to attend the interview -
A: 'Wind down' - the original meaning of 4. The shop had been closed. y.) You can't be briefer than this.
'wind down' is for a mechanism/ machine A: 1) The shop is closed = The shop is not You are asked to introduce yourself in an
to lose power gradually, slow down and open = C u interview, more to test your communication
finally stop. shop J* E vu. ability (Your ability to speak English correctly,
2) The shop was closed = shop - and clearly) than to get information about you.
By extension, in ordinary language, it
C/ p shop --C. If they (the interviewers) feel your English is
means to slow down an activity and stop it
good, they may not even wait till you complete
completely. 3) The shop has been closed = d-/
your answer and go on to the next question.
- (p time L-/ -- ii) May I sit down?/ May I be seated?
4) The shop had been closed - - - Swathi.
He often gives advice to others.
--, shop - C/ -. ( -
- - h- ) = He often Q: Sir, please give the meanings of below
I went there yesterday. The shop had been sentences:
advises others (- - -.)
closed = Eo -\- x. p- 1. Ramya could have attended the party.
- C/ - ( x--J). - Udaya Kumar, Tadipatri. 2. Ramya may have attended the party.
Had been closed, J-T Q: Sir, --y -O -- --o- ---?- - 3. Ramya must have attended the party.
N p-, The shop had been closed u-Eo --Tx-- -- --p-L? 4. Ramya would have attended the party.
Eg: The company wants to wind down its - Wrong. A: There is no correct equivalent for this 5. Ramya should have attended the party.
business in this area = The company - P. Satyanarayana. question. 'Ennava' doesn't have an exact 6. Ramya should not have attended the party.
wants to reduce its business in this area Q: Sir, what is the difference between the equivalent in English. A: 1. a) u Kd ----L- F ---
step by step and finally close it. two types sentences while writing the - K. Kameswar rao. . OR
In psychology it means a person reducing address: To Q: He will be here on 29 instant. (for one b) u Kd j a/ .
gradually their activity which is causing them The Superintendent of Police day - singular) (Possibility --j-).
a lot of strain and finally stopping it. To He will be here on 29th and 30th instants 2. u Kd j a/ x-a.
Point No.2: Did you found it hard? is wrong. Superintendent of Police - Which one is (for two days - plural)- Please clarify (Could = ; may = .)
It must be, 'Did you find it hard?' correct? whether 'instant' or 'instants' is correct. 3. u Kdd u C ( .)
A: The Superintendent of Police - Correct. A: 'Instant' means of this month, but it is not 4. u Kd --u F -.
'-p- --Tx- - -*- ---.. 'The' is necessary before all designations. used in the present day English. It is out- 5. u Kd j , F -.
Eg: The District Collector, The Inspector dated. We use now, 'of this month' 6. u Kd j -LqC (F General of Police, etc. instead of 'instant'. Instant has no plural. jC).
--C- 11 ----J 2015 -- j--- 2
- Sahadev, Hyderabad.
Q: I wish I could continue it or I would continue - Is this correct?
A: I wish I could continue it - Correct.
Q: Recently I got appreciation from client. And reply back that "I am
glad to be part to the team" - Is it correct?
819 A: I am glad to be part of the team/ I am glad to be a member of the
team - Correct.
Mail your queries to...
- Sneha, Kottoor.

She is much taller...
Q: Sir, please clarify the following doubts.
- D. Appalaswamy, Bheemunipatnam.
The paternal grandfather is not supposed
Q: Kindly clarify which one is the correct to take the child/ The paternal grand
answer to the following question: - K. Srikrishna Kumar, Bapatla. He wants to go there and so does she.. father shouldn't take the child - Is there
Q. What does the listener hear? Q: Also, Either, As well -s x Q: Sir, much -s --T- -- -N--J- any difference between the above two
A: 1. The listener heard the sound of a N-J---. -. mentioned sentences?
rabbit. or A: Much = a large quantity - uncountables A: The paternal grandfather is not supposed
2. The listener hears the sound of a rabbit. , \ h n. to take the child = The paternal.... should
A: The listener hears the sound of a rabbit u-i N: much not , not take...
is correct, because the question is = \ / n. \- C Q: She is materially/ physically present- Is
What does the listener hear? ---, (not ), very/ quite/ a lot there any difference?
- B. Mallikarjuna, Kurnool. . A: Both are same.
a) He is much tall (X) Q: I did see him getting his cycle repaired -
Q: Children has been break the window. /
Children has been breaken the window. He is very tall/ He is quite tall ( ) Is this sentence correct?
/ Children has been breaking the win- b) She has much wealth (X) A: Correct.
A: Also = in addition to/ besides = = as
dow. - Which one is correct? She has a lot of wealth. ( ) Q: i) She will have got/ had her clothes
Children have been break the window. / not much . ironed.
He gave me a pen and also a pencil = He
Children have been breaken the window. I am not much interested in Telugu movies. ii) She will have been getting/ having her
gave me a pen and a pencil = He gave me a
/ Children have been breaking the win- clothes ironed.
pen; He gave me a pencil as well. Comparatives much .
dow. - Which one is correct? iii) She must have been able to have her
'also' formal. h u. She is much taller than her sister (taller -
Children had been break the window. / clothes ironed. Please say whether the
- -sx too \- Comparative Degree)
sentences from, the mentioned above
Children had been breaken the window. / . Too = as well = also. Eo proverbs (-) x not -
Children had been breaking the window. sentence, i) to iii) are correct or not.
a) He gave me advice and some money too =
A: i) She will have got/ have had her clothes
- Which one is correct? He gave me advice and some money as Much water has flown under the bridge ironed = By a point of time in future, the
j u q o? form well. since you were here = Ny\-op- p- ironing of her clothes will have been
-d? n -. b) He wants to go there and she also wants to
A: O O first question groups of
p C. complete = N-u- --o
go there. C u. --
words O sentences (u) . , , --E, h- Y --
Ox O underline -N O verbs a) He wants to go there, and she wants to go as
E C. (p- Y
. well.
ii) She will have been getting/ having her
C p: -C or
group J-E verb: clothes ironed = N-u-h --E
b) He wants to go there and she wants to go
1) Children has been breaking the window - too.
h Y -- C.
Children 'they' (plur- iii) Future
Conversational ,
-o --E

MLA -- an...?
al) d, Children have been breaking *a h- Y --E
the window = x -E -- C.
* l --o. Q: She herself washed the clothes/ She
N x, Children have been washed the clothes herself - Please trans-
breaking the window, j p - correct - late into Telugu.
C Present Perfect Continuous Tense. - Ajay, Nizampeta verb agrees with the second sub- A: She herself washed the clothes = She
Q: Sir please clarify the following ject- here the second subject is I, so washed the clothes herself = h-
Children had been breaking the window
doubts. the verb must be 'am'. But remem-
= --- Cl-- -\C.
This forest swarms with ele- ber always - When other subjects Anil, Vijayawada.
x l --o. - Past like you, he, she, and they and I are
Perfect Continuous Tense. N groups phants - Can we write the above Q: -
separated by, either... or,
O C. p E
of words O J-. sentence in the Indirect speech as
neither...nor, not only.. but also, I is
h --?
in the following manner? A: Your boy is still at a playing age. If put
- S. Mahesh. M. SURESAN placed last, and the verb agrees
That forest swarmed with elephants. him to school now, what can he learn?
Q: Dear sir, please clarify the following with I. It should be:
A: The forest swarms with elephants Q: *a / V
doubts. Neither/ either a) You or I/ We
- DE, reporting verb, , inverted com- uC - Please say in English.
1) - --x- -E -h- either b) You, he/ she/ they or I/ We
mas verb, Past Tense A: It is three hours/ three days since I came.
2) - - sister marriage --- - How p Indirect speech: The forest swarmed either c) You or he/ she/ they.
to say these sentences in English? with elephants - Correct. (Reporting verb, This applies to 'and' too: - Haritha Potluri.
said jC correct. You and I; You, he/ she/ they and I, you and Q: Sir, can "an" be used before M.L.A. Also
He said (Past Tense), 'The forest swarms he/ she/ they, He/ she/ they and I. please give the usage of "an".
with elephants.' DE Indirect speech, He Q: Can we say the following ones? A: , , , , , , , , l
said that the forest swarmed with... - a) Neither he nor they are going. (~--) a -J English
Correct. b) Neither of the things shouldn't take - an .
He says, (Present Tense)/ He Neither/ Either -j h-/ - M.L.A. = .- ..- , l
will say (Future Tense) E p J* v ? v----C d, an MLA L.
A: 1. I work with them. Indirect speech, He says/ will say that the c) He or I am going/ He or I are going. an M.P. She is an M.Sc. in
forest swarms with elephants, correct. Maths.
2. I performed my sister's marriage - d) You are not supposed to wear those clothes/
C vC/ u. Q: certificates x/ d-v- x - You shouldn't wear those clothes. - J. Hitaishini.
u--J--i I got/ had my sister married Please translate into English. A: (b) Neither... nor, Either.. or p two Q: Sir, is the sentence ''writing for writing
. - A: Those certificates are invalid. things/ persons, or two groups of things/ sake'' is correct? If no, then what is the
Q: Neither/ Either he or I am/ I are here - persons v . best alternative can be used instead?
'-p- --Tx- - -*- ---.. Which one is correct? Please explain. c) j p , or h subject d Please let me know.
A: Neither/ Either he or I am here - Correct. verb C. j N- . A: 'Writing for writing sake' is WRONG. When we use, Neither.. nor/ either... or, the d) You are not supposed to = You should not. Writing for writing's sake - CORRECT.
--C- 18 ----J 2015 -- j--- 2
Letter Writing -
Official Correspondence (vy C---
/ u---, u J
h vu-h-) B
820 l. N full block/ semi block/
M. SURESAN indented form -a.
Mail your queries to...

Permission - h.. # 402, Kailas Flats,
29-13-14, Narayana Street,
- N. Pentaiah, Dharmajigudem.
Prakasam Nagar,
Q: Sir please explain the following. Not only Ongole - 520 846
- y, But also y Past Tense
Verb v ? N-J--- Jan 8, 2015
hC ...
full block form The Superintendent of Police,
from address , date,
N -i o? u, u-
N-l Eo u- -N--J--. Prakasam District,
A: When 'not only... but also' is used in a sen- ho J to address, x -, Ongole
tence with only one verb, the verb comes
immediately after the subject.
ho N (subject), h Sir,

not only ... but also sentences h o , T Fo Re: Holding of a Public meeting on 15th
verb verb subject \ h. Jb * v-G lA. Jan 2015 on local PWD Grounds -
He sang not only film songs but also
Permission - request for
Annamayya krithis. ( E
S emi block form from, to addresses, salu- We, the members of the local college
, o-u % ). tation (-), sub/ Re: (Subject/ students' associations propose to holding a
Regarding) Fo left margin * v - public meeting at 5 PM on Thursday, the
. date, T (Subscription) @ 15th Jan, 2015 at the local PWD grounds.
u * -j , E- full stop . y -, E- Dr. Pandit, Professor of Political
. n CL, N (subject) - ~-h Science, Banaras Hindu University, will be
the Chief speaker.
- Indented format - C - Eo J , y para * body of the
We request to grant us the permission to
letter and matter paragraph K h.
lA p-C Lx--Lx ---- hold the meeting. We have paid the neces-
C. , -x Jh y h n L, Sx page u * - sary fee for the permission.
address v @ u * -j-- j *-J, subscription (T - We assure you that the meeting will be
-E--Lq N \ verb C h, vA line * comma , from Eo Official letters T yours peaceful and will not cause any law and order
Sang. d Eo subject 'he' \ . address *J line * p E \ faithfully -C) C. problem or disturbance to the neighbourhood.
(He not only sang film songs but also comma F full stop F d. DE- p- official letter l, ---. Yours faithfully,
Annamayya krithis - Wrong). K h. >x police C--J (superintendent of Vinay,
Not only... but also *a sentence y left margin * v-Gh, police ), ---o - , Secretary
verbs o--d , p verb not only ho C-J (-u official letters E mike, loud speaker - permission Federation of Local Students' Unions,
y, verb but also y . --p Officer h, uh h l: Ongole.
She not only sang but also danced. \ ), E- J address, vA line Re: Regarding. C subject Encl: 1) Copy of the challan for fee
verbs -E-. * comma . *J line * comma/ a. x, address Lp. 2) Invitation to the meeting

Games.. Sports --..?

Do Inverted form subject , not
only, but also A --p, verb
Helping verb, Main verb form h. '-p- --Tx- - -*- ---..
eg: a) Not only is he a great poet but also a
singer. (Not only v-G ,
, verb 'is' subject 'he' - E. Rajendra Prasad.
h, question --). Q: Sir, please explain the usage of causative Causative Verbs
b) Not only did he go there but also met the verbs in Active & Passive voice with Active Voice Passive Voice
minister (\ x- , vAE examples. 1. Let = Allow somebody to do something 1. a) Let it be done by him (E
---o) \ not only A: Causative verbs are verbs which indicate
sentence v-G*-x not only did he (J -) --F -
actions which somebody does because oth- Eg: a) Let him do it (o Eo F)
go o. subject 'he' sen-
%- C).
ers make them do it. b) Let him take it (o Eo B-F) b) Let it be taken by him (Eo E
tence v-Gh p, He not only went
there but also met the minister (Past Tense). B---F).
J-Eo egs: a) He is not only a director but 2. Make somebody to do something = force 2. a) The student was made to do the
also an actor. (= Not only is he a director somebody to do something (-J j assignment (by the teacher) (Teacher
but also an actor). - --) NuJn assignment ---fd
b) She not only sings but also writes poetry = a) The teacher made the student do the assign- - ).
not only does she sing, but also writes. ment ( NuJn E - ). b) He was made to come here (by her)
- B. Ramakrishna, South Mopur. b) She made him come here (-E\- ad (-E-\- ad --f.)
Q: Sir, what is the difference between games C.) be + pp (of make) in the passive is fol-
Note: 'Make' as a causative verb in the active lowed by 'to'.
and sports? In English Let, make, have and get are
A: Games are played between two teams/ two Causative verbs. We can use them both in voice is not followed by 'to'.
individuals, each forming a team. Football, the active and the passive voices.
3. Have = Have somebody do something = give 3. Give somebody some responsibility.
Hockey, Tennis, etc are all games as they Their meanings: Let = allow somebody to somebody a responsibility = u p-T- He had the room cleaned by his broth-
are played between two teams. do something. (-J-j j -E-y). eg: a) He had his brother clean the room ( er ( C v u t-
Sports on the other hand are played by a Let him go = Allow him to go.
number of teams/ individuals (more than
t- C v--J u p-T-/ -E p-T---C).
2) Make somebody do something = force v -).
two). Eg: Running races, Walking races, somebody to do something (-J--j
Javelin throw, etc. 4. E JE -E a--p
j -). 4. Get somebody to do something = Persuade
- Ajay Mamidi. 3) Have - Have somebody do something = to Have somebody do something = Get
somebody to do something.
Q: Sir, what is the difference between give somebody the responsibility of doing somebody do something ()
Eg: Somehow I got the Principal sign the cer-
i) He is at sleep. ii) He is in sleep. something. (-J u- -). -C.
tificate. (- vEq-- Jd--j
A: He is at sleep - No such expression - - 4) Get = to convince somebody to do some- Somehow I got the certificate signed
C English p \. thing (a-p -).
d---L-). by the Principal, ( Jd--
He is asleep = Ev---o Their use in Active and Passive voice
--x .)
--C- 25 ----J 2015 -- j--- 2
We have so far seen the formats of
formal correspondence - official
and business correspondence (h
--C... vu-h-). -- ----Dl -O-- -- -

p- -h-o. --u --T -
M. SURESAN N---. -O- -J-* ----. Mail your questions to

official / business correspondence

is becoming simpler and simpler -
Prepositions.. -p-? --?
- Sravan Kumar
h vu-h- vy C--- N /
821 Q: Kindly give information about usage of all prepositions.
u n- N, ~-h----o
u T (subscription) N-. A: There are no hard and fast rules for the use of prepositions. Why a certain preposition is used
The subscription, in the past, in letters to , faithfully (yours ), \- before / after a word is purely a matter of usage (). Constant reading alone can be of
Government officers used to be 'Yours faith- sincerely (yours E ) help in the use of prepositions. There are only rules which say which preposition can be used
fully'. p -o Yours -ho. before / after a word. The following are the points of usage of certain prepositions.
faithfully / faithfully, E y .
Jh modern , With regards / Kind
F business letters C Jh T_-- regards / Warm regards, simple Use of Prepositions
C. Letter y, Yours faith- Regards E h-o. N- a-J S.No. Preposition Use
fully E T_--C. E
a) Before days of the week (Monday, Tuesday, etc., the Ist of last

eve-teaser -- -..!
month, on the 25th etc.)
b) Before rivers to indicate their banks - Vijayawada is on the Krishna;
on bus / train (Something happening). Eg: There was a quarrel
between two passengers on the bus / train / on the ship, etc.
c) on the TV / radio (programmes)
- Sivaprasad (Srikakulam),
d) on something - on the table / wall / table etc.
Alivelu Manga
e) sides - on the right / left / the Ist floor, etc.
Q: Sir, Please clarify following doubts.
f) before all topless modes of travel: on horseback / elephant /on foot
1) What is the difference between teaser and
trailer. a) Before months / years / seasons (in January / in 2014 / in spring,
2) Which has to be used between simple past summer etc.)
tense and passive voice, if we want to say 2. In
b) before parts of the day - in the morning / the evening / in the night
that a work has been completed by a certain (at night) , in the afternoon, etc.
date. 2) Trailer: Portions from a film / TV show c) at the end of a period - in an hour / in a year, etc.
For ex : The work completed on so and so shown before the release of the film, for pub- d) a place - in the room, in the class,
date OR licity (v ENh E/ TV show N- e) before big and important cities - in Vijayawada, Hyderabad, New
The work was / has been completed on so - v-Jz -E Eo--, York, etc.
and so date . u etc.) f) in a car / taxi
Please explain.
2. i) Simple past tense can be in both active At a) Before small places and villages (at Mehboobbad/ Mangalagiri, etc.)
A: 1. There is no connection at all between 3.
voice and passive voice. b) before events / occasions (at the party / the wedding)
teaser and trailer. They are entirely differ-
ent from each other. First of all, 'The work has been completed c) before places of activity: at college / at the meeting / the cinema (hall)
by a certain date, is wrong. The verb, 'has
Teaser means, a person who makes fun of 4. Since Since = from sometime in the past.
been completed' is in the present perfect tense,
or provokes / makes others angry, playfully Before a point of time (Since 2013 / December / 5 Oclock, etc.)
/ unkindly (-- --d, C - PASSIVE VOICE. We use the present perfect
tense for an action completed in the past, but a) Over a certain period of time (for two years / for an hour etc.)
-d-x) 5. For
time not stated) b) Kosam () This shirt is for Ramesh = Ramesh .
Teaser also means, a tricky question which
( J-T E, time p). c) On behalf of (He signed for the officer)
appears simple but difficult to answer. d) In support of ( I am for any good party)
--E J-T E (Past action at a def-
inite time) p *Passive Voice* .
6. By a) By the side of / next to (He is beside his friend)
The work was completed by a certain date b) Not later than (By 3 Oclock = before / at 3 Oclock)
. c) Before the person who does something in the passive voice (It was
'The work completed on so and so date' is done by Ravi)
not a sentence as it does not have complete a) Towards (in the direction of: He is moving towards the gate)
meaning. ( sentence n, D E 7. To b) Destination
Jh C E. E Jh c) In the sense of doing something to somebody
? Eo -j V Jh
In our country people who make fun of / try
to harm girls are called eveteasers.
However, in standard English there is no
- .
(Active Voice - They / he / I/ you / the
workers etc. completed the work by such
Being taken -..? -
such word as 'eve-teaser'. It is simply teaser.
and such a date OR - P. Srivastav, S.N. Puram sentences.
Trailer = 1) A vehicle without an engine,
Passive - The work was completed (not, has Q: To tackle the power shortage being wit- A: He went away during the match = He went
pulled by another vehicle (- -
been completed) by such and such a date nessed due to fall in generation - Please away while the match was being played.
xE E engine -- x) explain the meanings of the underlined
Usually vehicles pulled by tractors, buses (by me / you / them / the workers, etc.) Q: She isn't supposed to scold her husband/
words. she shouldn't scold her husband - Please
and lorries (Tractor T-L* ) Look at the table given below:
A: Nu--p- _- x L-T Nu-a h - say the difference.
Active Voice Passive Voice -\--. A: She isn't supposed to scold her husband =
Q: Being taken, he doesn't need - Please say She should not scold her husband.
1. I / We / You / They have completed, He / 1. The work has been completed by me / us the meaning of the underlined words.
She / It has completed the work (Present / you / him / her / it / them (Present per- Q: He himself ate the apple / He ate the apple
A: Being taken, he... explanation himself - What is the difference?
perfect tense - past action, time not stated/ fect - Past action, time not known)
known. - This is wrong - has no meaning. A: He himself ate the apple = He ate the apple
Being taken = B-----x ( = some- himself.
2. I / We / You / He / She / They completed the 2. The work was completed by me / us / body () having taken something).
work by a certain date (Past simple - Past you / him / her / them by a certain date Q: He went away during the match/ He went '-p- --Tx- - -*- ---..
action, time known) (Simple past- past action, time known/ away while the match was going on -
stated.) Please say the difference between the