You are on page 1of 16

Development Trends E-bus

VDL Innovations on E-mobility in the past


More than 10 years and 20 million kilometres
with E-drives in 12 m to 26 m in Heavy Transport

Diesel Serial Hybrid Diesel Serial Hybrid

Diesel Parallel Hybrid

FC-H2 Serial Hybrid Battery Bus


Trolley
Trolley
22-09-2015 VDL Development trends E-bus 2
Modular system: Bus

PLUG-IN

FAST CHARGING

BASIC VEHICLE
RANGE EXTENDER / HYBRID

22-09-2015 VDL Development trends E-bus 3


Modular system: Bus
BASIC VEHICLE
BASIC VEHICLE
VEHICLE OPTIONS

PLUG-IN
Battery

FAST CHARGING
Conductive
Inductive

RANGE EXTENDER
Diesel Generator
Fuel Cell
Battery

22-09-2015 VDL Development trends E-bus 4


VDL E-mobility
Approach to new markets

Understanding clients business.


Understanding clients drivers to use new technology.

Co-development of transition based on:


Mutual trust
Bus Operation Simulation.
Total Cost of Operation (TCO) Calculations.
Knowledge of processes at client (e.g. logistics, TCO) .
Knowledge of bus manufacturing at VDL (e.g. purchase, sales, laws) .

22-09-2015 VDL Development trends E-bus 5


E-mobility System approach

External Power Supply


Power
Grid
Supply Storage

Charging system
Big
Charging system
data Passenger
Battery
Driver
Vehicle
Drive Train Auxiliary Systems

22-09-2015 VDL Development trends E-bus 6


Vehicle Systems

Efficient Electrical Vehicle.


Weight reduction. 12,0 kg/km battery / 0,4 kg/km diesel
Efficient Auxiliary systems.
Integral control of all energy components.
Energy Storing systems.

Smart Charging systems.

Simulation of Bus Operation Processes.

22-09-2015 VDL Development trends E-bus 7


E3Bus project.
Partners

22-09-2015 VDL Development trends E-bus 8


E3Bus
Problem description
Energy consumption of interior climatization of buses is a big part of the
total consumption in warm and cold environment.

22-09-2015 VDL Development trends E-bus 9


E3Bus project.
Goal

Build a climate model which can be used to rate the


efficiency of technical proposals keeping human
comfort level acceptable.

22-09-2015 VDL Development trends E-bus 10


E3 Bus: approach
Models & controls
Powertrain model

Battery Drive train Auxiliaries


model model model

Use scenario:
Climate
Passenger load Driver model
Route
Reduction energy
& consumption

Selected measures

Climate interior model

Human comfort
Cabin model
model

22-09-2015 VDL Development trends E-bus 11


E-mobility
Cross over to other heavy duty transport

E- mobility
Heavy Duty system

22-09-2015 VDL Development trends E-bus 12


E-mobility
Cross over to other E-mobility systems

E- mobility Heavy Duty


Charging systems

Guided
Storage Charging Systems
Systems in Systems
General in General

22-09-2015 VDL Development trends E-bus 13


Future Research on E- mobilty
for TKI projects
Model based simulation of :
- Bus Operation Processes.
- New bus systems.
- Grid data related operation.

22-09-2015 VDL Development trends E-bus 14


VDL ETS
1 September 2015 VDL founded:

VDL Enabling Transport Solutions.

Based in Helmond , The Netherlands.

Managing Director: Menno Kleingeld

Task:
Research and Development of new transport related
solutions for all VDL subsidiaries.

22-09-2015 VDL Development trends E-bus 15


Additional e-mobility activities - ETS
Hardware
Development e-Bus technology next step (alternative battery
technologies, Hydrogen, fuel cells, etc.)
Charging infrastructure
Building e-Truck activities
Leveraging battery knowledge in Energy Storage Solutions
Enabling 2nd life of (e-mobility) batteries
Software
Development of control and simulation software for AGVs

22-09-2015 VDL Development trends E-bus 16