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Volume 51 - Issue 10

November 15, 2017
Since 1967

in the shade

The complications of complexion
in our communities

2 Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017

Ryerson Student Club
- Attend exciting social events,
develop skills transferable into further
education / job searching, enhance
your resume, receive a Certificate for
community service hours...
all for a great cause: to combat pet
overpopulation and help save the lives
of 4.5 million dogs and cats each year.
Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017 NEWS 3

Ryerson approves some Colonialism 150 demands
VP equity Camryn Harlick met with Ryerson administration to discuss the approval of some of their Colonialism 150 demands
By Annie Arnone to rid the school of its colonial ties. fact that they’re from diverse In-
Five months later, the follow- digenous identities.
Ryerson student groups were met ing demands were agreed upon by “They asked [us] what languages
with good news last week after a the University: the creation of an we think would be good, we have
majority of their proposed Colonial- Indigenous language course, the a lot of Ojibwe-speaking and An-
ism 150 demands received approval education of public servants on the ishinaabe-speaking students at Ry-
from Ryerson’s administration. history of Aboriginal Peoples and erson, so that’s something to con-
Ryerson Student’s Union (RSU) the history of residential schooling, sider,” said Harlick.
vice-president equity Camryn an annual pow wow and a research McKenna said that the committee
Harlick, alongside the Continuing program with multi-year funding is facing the troubles relating to im-
Education Students’ Association of to advance the understanding of plementing these plans. As of now,
Ryerson (CESAR), the Indigenous reconciliation. the school will only allow someone
Students’ Association (ISA) and Josh with a PhD to teach Indigenous lan- Ryerson’s statue remains standing on Gould Street PHOTO: SIERRA BEIN

Lamers from the Black Liberation guage courses, however, none of the says that their advocacy for this working towards a more inclusive
Collective, partook in a roundtable
“It was nice to see the qualified elders have one. campaign is not over. Harlick added campus climate,” he said.
discussion with Ryerson’s admin- administration recognize “Our elders who speak the lan- that the administration never of- The creation of a language course,
istration. But they refused to begin that they weren’t doing guages—the only ones that are com- ficially rejected the statue removal as well as educating public servants
unless the University issued them a what they should have petent to speak the language—don’t and name change. on Aboriginal history comes directly
formal apology for their behaviour been doing” have PhDs,” she said. “There’s no According to Ryerson president from the Truth and Reconciliation
in dealing with the campaign. faculty that has the knowledge of Mohamed Lachemi, administration Commission’s (TRC) calls to action.
Following “some hesitation” Har- the language to be able to teach in is in the process of coordinating a According to Harlick, Ryerson’s
lick said they received apologies. “It was nice to see the adminis- in any capacity...these people have subsequent meeting to discuss the follow-up to the TRC report was
Harlick’s anger with administra- tration recognize that they weren’t spent 50, 60 years speaking the lan- remaining demands. meant to be issued by the school,
tion comes from this past summer. doing what they should have been guage, and that’s a lot longer than a “In this initial meeting, we fo- “more than two months ago.” How-
In July, they released a statement on doing,” Harlick said. PhD would take.” cused on listening to better under- ever Lachemi says it will be released
the RSU’s Facebook page outlining Harlick, CESAR vice-president The demands that still remain stand the realities and impact of rac- in the next couple of weeks.
their criticisms with the Canada equity and campaigns Phyllis McK- unapproved are the renaming of ism experienced by our Indigenous Lachemi said that Ryerson has
150 celebrations that the University enna, as well as Ryerson social the University and the removal of students,” he stated in an email. been conducting a series of consul-
publically endorsed. Following the work student Sarah Dennis, were the Egerton Ryerson statue. The Lachemi was not present at the tations since 2016 with Indigenous
statement was a list of 11 demands all asked to be a part of a committee University will soon add a plaque recent meeting. communities in order to respond to
directed at the University, including which would oversee the languages to the statue to honour Indigenous “We look forward to continu- the TRC’s recommendations with a
an official name change of Ryerson chosen for the course, due to the communities. However, Harlick ing these meaningful discussions in comprehensive report.

Board members slacking on attendance
By Jacob Dubé have missed meetings for legitimate properly prepare and decide on votes.
reasons, like if they’re out of town, “When things are consistently
This year’s Ryerson Students’ Union have a midterm or exam, or dealing tense like that, it makes a pretty tox-
(RSU) Board of Directors have been with mental health issues. But oth- ic environment, in my opinion,” Issa
on the job for eight months now, but ers simply don’t communicate with said. “I don’t think that high inten-
some of them still aren’t showing up Nyaga about their absences. “There sity situation is good for the board
to meetings—putting their positions are people who I think, ‘Are you still members, the executives or the stu-
at risk and leaving students under- on the board?’” dent body in general.”
represented. Nyaga said she thinks the reason One of the main reasons that the
Board members are students that some board members aren’t meetings have been tense, accord-
elected to the RSU who represent showing up to meetings is because ing to board member Andrew Hight,
faculties or groups at-large, like they didn’t fully understand the re- is because the RSU is comprised of
residences and student groups. The quirements for the position when a split slate team. Hight added that
crux of their job description is that they ran in the election. board members are often in opposi-
they have to attend RSU board “I think it’s just people not being tion to members that ran on a dif-
meetings and vote on behalf of the Board members still aren’t attending mandatory meetings PHOTO: K2 SPACE/FLICKR
able to manage their life and these ferent slate from them. “We’ve been
students they represent. at board meetings for it to be al- As opposed to past years where meetings. It’s understandable, but if stuck in this cycle where we see Spark
“If they aren’t attending board lowed to run. And though there’s a board members were paid solely on you can’t fulfill this role, there are and Elevate and Ohana and nothing
meetings, they can’t fulfill most of solid group of members that attend the number of hours they worked— students that want to and students besides that,” Hight said.
their job,” said RSU vice-president every meeting and participate, the that, according to Nyaga, led to that can, and you should be giving This has resulted in a number of
education Daniel Lis. lack of full representation is limiting some instances of people exaggerat- way to them,” she said. contentions during board meetings.
According to the RSU bylaws, if the diversity of voices in the room. ing their numbers for a higher pay. Course union representative The “toxic environment” was
a board member misses three meet- “It’s impacting the voices around The current executive team decides Salman Faruqi said though it seems especially evident in the summer,
ings—even if they give notice be- the table,” said Nyaga. “Students how much a member should be paid attendance might be low, board after the launch of the Colonialism
forehand—their positions will be elected these folks to represent depending on the amount of hours members also have the option to call 150 campaign.
deemed vacant, which means they them and if they’re not present and as well as the diversity of work into the meetings through an RSU- If a board member reaches the
will be removed from the board. speaking on behalf of the students, they’ve done. run Google Hangouts page. three-absences threshold, it’s up to
Last year, the positions of five it’s an issue.” Board member Maryan Issa said the president and the executives to
board members were deemed va- To encourage board members to “We’re literally paying board meetings can be a lot to han- decide whether or not to enforce the
cant and consequently removed. show up to meetings and participate them ... and they’re dle, which would make it difficult for removal, which can be difficult de-
Lis said that there are some mem- in events, the RSU has an honorar- members to interact and participate pending on the member’s situation.
bers this year that are already close ium program where members can still not coming” properly with the rest of the board. “There could be a good reason.
to losing their positions. receive up to $1,000 per semester. “The fact that it’s overwhelming but if folks just aren’t showing up...
RSU president Susanne Nyaga They can register the hours they makes me not want to participate it’s really hard to be empathetic,”
said they’ve been able to gather spend in board meetings (which can “We’re literally paying them to in [meetings],” Issa said. “For me, it Nyaga said. “This is the position you
enough people at almost all their go over three hours) as well as vol- come to board meetings, and they’re does act as a barrier.” ran on, this is the position you said
meetings to make quorum—the unteer hours working for different still not coming,” Lis said. She said the meetings can be very you’d fulfill, you can’t just disappear
minimum amount of people needed events or campaigns. Nyaga said some board members tense, and not enough time is given to on students.”
4 EDITORIAL Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017

A minor report Communities
Nicole “Work Work Work”
Mikayla “Pita Party” Fasullo
Lyba “Diss-trackted” Mansoor
Kamille “Poppin” Coppin
Ania “Best” Bessonov
Why I won’t be working towards a minor in university Kiernan “Money” Green
Fun and Satire Daniel “The Man” McIntosh
By Skyler Ash on a class like that when I could use Emerald “You Dissin?” Bensadoun Isabelle “Subheads” Kirkwood
that money to take something else? Editor-in-Chief Swikar “Foodmans” Oli
Last year I took a class called fairy This week, our paper features a Sierra “Breakouts and Straight Media Stefanie “Strike Kween” Philips
tales and fantasies. We had to read news story about how taking a mi- Hair” Bein Malachi “Pictionary Anyone?” Marianna “Circle Pizza” Lozowska
Harry Potter and The Prisoner of Az- nor is a good thing, that employers Rowswell
kaban, and people got into debates so sometimes value it and that it’s good News Carl “Andre” Solis This week, the Annoying Talking
heated that my teacher had to break to develop a specialized skillset. This Noushin “Supplier” Ziafati Coffee Mug had some rants all ready
it up. I honestly thought one of my is particularly useful for languages, Annie “Calling In” Arnone Copy Editor to go and then grew too exhausted in
classmates was going to be mur- as being bilingual can be an asset in Jacob “Bugged Out” Dubé Igor “Physics” Magun the heat of the small, smelly Eyeopen-
dered because of their thoughts on many different careers. er office. Limp and frustrated the
Ron Weasley’s character (to be fair But I don’t care. University is the Photo General Manager Mug struggles to understand how the
though, his opinion was garbage, and time to take whatever you want. Sarah “Money Trees” Krichel Liane “OPEN” McLarty basic laws of physics can be ignored
if we decided to take him out, I would I didn’t want to be held back from Premila “Swatch” D’Sa so bluntly. Ignored! Flaunted and then
have stood watch). I’ve heard from taking all the things I was interested Camila “Maze Runner” Kukulski Advertising Manager complained about after that! How can
one of my former classmates that this in. And because of that decision, I’ve Chris “THE” Roberts one create the actual circumstances
professor has since taken the book off taken a bunch of courses from dif- Online and then still bitch about it? Do these
of his syllabus. ferent faculties, and it’s been a slice. Karoun “Facebook Admirer” Design Director people not understand what cul-
But I wouldn’t have gotten to wit- I have weirdly specialized knowl- Chahinian J.D. “DOOR” Mowat pable means? Is there no capacity to
ness this beautiful and deadly three- edge on Canada’s involvement in Alanna “Concrete Jungle” Rizza understand that physical actions have
week screaming match on my favou- the First World War, I know more Lee “Come to the Elections!” Interns physical consequences? I guess not.
rite childhood book if I had taken a than I’d care to about theories in sci- Richardson Peter “Clark Kent” White Maybe it is all too much for them.
history minor I thought about doing ence fiction literature and I know Rameez “No Nickname” Hameed How this left the mug ruminated.
in first year. I wouldn’t have gotten to the Spanish names for a ton of fruits Features Kintaro “Bees Knees” Skinner Hmmmmmmm.
write an essay on Winnie-the-Pooh and vegetables. (My personal favou- Skyler “TOO SOON” Ash
or read the incredibly disturbing rite is zanahoria, which is the Span- Contributors The Eyeopener is Ryerson’s largest
Grimm fairy tales, some of which still ish word for carrot). Arts and Life Chris “Colonel” Sanders and only independent student news-
haunt me in my dreams. So take whatever you want. All Izabella “Tour Guide” Balcerzak Jacob “Winnipeg” Stoller paper. It is owned and operated by
To get a minor at Ryerson, you your employer really cares about is Deanna “Chad” Krueger Rye Eye Publishing Inc., a non-profit
have to take six courses in one subject that you are the best person for a job. Sports Abbey “Chip” Kelly corporation owned by the students of
area over the course of your degree. Being qualified is so much more than Bryan “FORE” Meler Lucas “Total” Lee Ryerson. Our offices are on the second
To take a history minor, I would have having taken six politics courses or Ben “Mission” Waldman Matt “Remnants of Eden” Collins floor of the Student Campus Centre.
had to take a more research-based six biology classes. You’re more than Libaan “Oh Man” Osman You can reach us at 416-979-5262, at
course, which didn’t interest me. what you put on your resumé, so fuck Biz and Tech Peter “Ramon Sessions” Ash or on Twitter at
Why would I pay hundreds of dollars it. Take what you want. Sylvia “HELP” Lorico Melissa “The Purge” Verge @theeyeopener.
Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017 NEWS 5

Minor minor on the wall, are you even worth it at all?
Ryerson recently introduced two new minor programs—but are they worth the time? Here’s what students and industry professionals think

By Isabelle Kirkwood can do for you.”
A minor gives you ‘the best of
Ryerson University currently offers both worlds’
55 minor programs, and now com- Although many students pursue a
puter science and communication minor to meet the requisites of a job
design is added to that list. or graduate program, others choose
Similar to a major, a minor is a to do so because they simply enjoy
specialized or concentrated area of multiple fields of study.
study. At Ryerson, it involves taking Some students practice their ma-
six courses associated with the field jor for their intended career, while
of study in question. engaging their interest-driven pur-
Although many students declare suits with a minor, such as majoring
a minor, and some are required to in electrical engineering while mi-
take one with their program, the noring in film or politics.
benefits of having one can be vague, This Eyeopener editor has had enough with minors PHOTO: KAROUN CHAHINIAN
Mitul Shah, a fourth-year busi-
regardless of what your major is. ate school and why students decide to want to do after school, so I figure University of Toronto School of ness management major, said he’s
The additions of the computer sci- pursue a minor. that adding another skill set to my Graduate Studies, Audrey Fong, pursuing a finance minor, primar-
ence minor and the communication Testing the waters body of work would open me up to said being focused and targeted ily because his co-op placement at a
design minor were approved at a Sen- For some students, taking up more industries.” with what field you want to pursue bank made him realize that finance
ate meeting that took place on Nov. 7. a minor to obtain a specialization Joseph Elowe is a director at Spec- is essential to an application, but a was a field he enjoyed.
The computer science minor will can help them catch the eyes of po- tra Engineering, an engineering firm minor is not consequential to their “At a financial institution, being
allow students to work with soft- tential employers. that regularly hires recent graduates. selection process. able to leverage the knowledge of
ware development, as well as the Third-year sociology student Elowe said when hiring, he usually Fong said the benefit of a minor finance as well as having a technol-
language of computation, and the Jake Roslyn is pursuing a minor in doesn’t care about a minor unless it’s differs depending on the program, ogy background is the best of both
new communication design minor English. He said that although he’s relevant to the industry. adding that it can be advantageous worlds,” Shah said. “I haven’t had to
will offer theory classes pertaining leaning toward pursuing teaching “It certainly doesn’t hurt their when applying to some fields of sacrifice taking courses I’d enjoy, be-
to web, print and animaton. or social work, he is not sure about prospects,” Elowe said. “[A ma- study, but insignificant when ap- cause at the end of the day, finance is
If you’re seeing your classmates go a specific vocation, so he wants to jor and minor] should comple- plying to others. something I enjoy.”
after their own minors or if you’re keep his options open. ment each other, but otherwise, we “Your minor should be tailored Shah said that some people ad-
pulling your hair out over whether “I started doing a minor because wouldn’t see it as a critical factor in to suit the program you’re apply- vised him not to take a minor, as it
or not you should follow suit, we I [thought] it would look good on our hiring process. We’re more con- ing to,” Fong said. “So, when you would force him to forgo electives
decided to find out what employers a resumé and maybe open up more cerned about an applicant’s major.” do apply, you can state what your but he said his choice to a minor put
think about minors. We asked if mi- career paths,” Roslyn said. “I’m not Graduate school admissions focus is, what you can to do for the him closer to the electives he was
nors help with admission into gradu- locked into one job that I really Admissions advisor for the university, and what the university interested in.

News Racist posters seen
around campus
Bites About 10 racist posters have been
found on Ryerson campus since the
Rye a step closer to beginning of the school year, and
getting a law school have been removed, according to
Ryerson security.
After receiving approvals from the “Security works diligently to
Ontario Universities Council on monitor situations like these and
Quality Assurance, Ryerson has to keep our campus safe,” Ryerson
moved one step forward in estab- president Mohamed Lachemi said.
lishing a law school. Ryerson is advising students to
“While we are very pleased with not remove the posters themselves,
this news, it is just one more step on but to report them to the Facilities
a long journey to bring a law school Help Desk for removal.
to Ryerson and there’s further work
to be done,” Ryerson president Mo- Oakham prices
hamed Lachemi said in an email. increasing
He added that the university is
awaiting a decision from the Federa- Six items from the Oakham Cafe
tion of Law Societies of Canada as part menu have received priced adjust-
of the ongoing approvals process. ments—the second price increase in
The school is anticipated to be the last two years, effective Nov.13.
fully operational in September 2020. The adjustments came after sup-
pliers raised food costs, Ryerson Stu-
Michelle Obama dent Centre manager Jennifer Stacey
coming to campus said, adding that Oakham Cafe has
dozens of suppliers that change their
Former U.S. first lady Michelle prices on a regular basis.
Obama is making her mark at Ry- “We do our best to absorb slight
erson’s Mattamy Athletic Centre on fluctuations in price, but sometimes
Nov. 28. we need to adjust our selling price,”
She will be speaking about educa- she said.
tion and equality for girls and wom- The six items that received a price
en around the world. bump are the Student Loan Special,
The talk is hosted by Plan Inter- breakfast wrap, Oakham burger,
national Canada and the Economic Oakham muffin, soup and crispy fried
Club of Canada. cauliflower.
6 FEATURES Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017






Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017 FEATURES 7
Virani was interviewed by the people running the study
before and after her reiki session. They asked her what she
expected, what she hoped to achieve and if she was experi-
encing any pain. They also took a urine sample before each
Nick Bellissimo, associate professor in the School of of these interviews.
Nutrition at Ryerson, says that compensation for participation The study was running behind schedule that day, and Vi-
in a study depends on what funding a project gets. Based on rani’s session ran four hours later than it was supposed to. She
the quality of a study and the more invasive it is, the more was told she would make $20 and be offered another free ses-

adar Chaves Dos Santos shows his ID to the recep- money you will be paid. sion, but because they were so behind, she made $200. Her
tionist, sits down and waits until someone summons The pay is usually minimum wage. “You’re not going to be- friend came with her to keep her company, and ended up par-
him into a room with a round table. Other people come wealthy by becoming a research participant in our stud- ticipating as well.
are already sitting down. A woman comes in and begins ask- ies,” he says. “[Students] would be very disappointed because

ing him questions about his favourite frozen pizza. She quiz- the amount of compensation is relatively low.”
zes him on brands, trying to get specific answers about the Bellissimo says that although Ryerson offers a variety of
products. Talking about pizza goes on for hours, until finally, research participant opportunities, most studies only offer She was told she would make
Chaves Dos Santos can taste a bite of a mystery slice. He has a a course credit, rather than a monetary incentive. Although
slice of cheese, and a slice of pepperoni and bacon. Usually he money does motivate people, Bellissimo says that participat-
orders his pizza with chicken or pepperoni, with extra BBQ ing in studies offers the individual a “trade-off” where they
sauce. But these were pretty good. And he got paid for it. “I build their skill set instead of making money. “For a lot of
free session, but because they
don’t even know much [about the research], I just know I ate people, what they tell us is they really want to be a part of the were so behind, she made $200
pizza,” Chaves Dos Santos jokes over the phone. research process.”
Before starting his job at a pet store, Chaves Dos Santos, Since alternative medicine is not always covered under
a 21-year-old criminology student at the University of Ot- the Ontario Health Insurance Plan, this was an easy way to

tawa, used to make money by participating in focus groups liza Virani lays on a bed in a shockingly white room. help her feel better, although she admits she didn’t feel much
for products and advertisements. Chaves Dos Santos has been It’s her day off from work, and she decides to spend different after the session was over. But she enjoyed it, and
in nearly 10 research studies, each following a similar routine. it a little differently than she usually does. There is a would recommend it to others. “I like exploring things I
His mom would find out about different studies and ask him man standing near her, hands raised above her body, speaking don’t know about,” says Virani. “It was less so about getting
and his brother if they wanted to participate. to her in a calming voice. Around her are a few cameramen paid. It was more the opportunity to try something new.”
and a producer, documenting the experience. The man tells This is something Katlyn Peck, who works at the Stress
her to picture herself in a forest, in the mountains, in a calm- and Healthy Aging Research Lab at Ryerson, wants from

ing place. But she doesn’t really follow along. His hands move her participants.
above her body. It puts her on edge, and makes it hard to stay “I think people are motivated to do something that they
Participating in focus groups focused. This goes on for about an hour: the hands, the quiet, are interested in but then also get compensated for it too,”
the cameras. She lays there with her eyes closed, and even falls Peck says. “I mean of course you’re going to have some in-
and research studies was an asleep a few times. dividuals that are purely motivated by the money. You hope
easy way for him to make Last week, while scrolling through Bunz, an online trad- not because you want them to be there for the right reasons,
ing community where users can swap items and advice, Vi- just a participant that wants to be there for the purposes of
a little extra cash, but not rani saw a callout for a reiki session. Reiki is a Japanese re- learning or the purposes of being there and experiencing
necessarily a way to fuel his laxation technique that uses a person’s energy to relax them [it].”
and help heal. They were offering some compensation, but She has led many of her own research studies using SONA,
interest in science or research that wasn’t really why Virani said yes. After a car accident, an online website used by many universities to find partici-
she was left with some residual pain and she hoped this pants for their studies.
The focus groups that he partook in varied from sitting in a might help. In the same poll from Research!America, 89 per Peck explained that through SONA, participating in a
row of seats with other participants watching a slideshow pre- cent of people say they participate in trials and studies to see study or conducting one gives a student a course credit in-
sentation and answering questions with a remote, to sitting in a if it improves their health. stead of a monetary compensation. Regardless of compensa-
circle with a group of people discussing the subject of the focus tion, Peck says that participants were excited to join studies,
group. He’s tested out cereals and even got to try Trident’s lay- much like Virani was.
ered gum before it hit shelves in Canada. Some studies that Peck conducted did compensate the par-
“It was mostly about the money. It would be like $55 an RYERSON’S STUDIES ticipants. Peck explained that for a two and a half-hour study
hour,” says Chaves Dos Santos. Sometimes if he stayed an ex- participants would receive a compensation of $30.
tra 20 minutes, he’d make $75. “I actually got to try the things TYPCIALLY PAY Peck says that although studies do not offer a lot of com-
they were questioning us on, and then I was like, ‘OK, I defi- pensation, the experience itself is worth it. Both Belissimo
nitely want to go back if I get pizza.’” and Peck say their primary research participant pool is com-
Chaves Dos Santos explained that participating in focus prised of Ryerson students. If a study requires additional
groups and research studies was an easy way for him to make a
little extra cash, but not necessarily a way to fuel his interest in
science or research studies. Research studies and focus groups
$12 participants, flyers are pinned across campus and in the
surrounding area. Bellissimo says Ryerson wouldn’t be able
to run their studies without all the help from people in the
are happening all the time, and some students are taking ad- community who come to sign up.
vantage of it. Sure, sometimes they are genuinely interested in
the research, but for these students, it’s about the money. In a PER HOUR FOR

2013 poll by Research!America, it was found that 78 per cent haves Dos Santos shows up to the study and sits fac-
of people say that compensation was a major factor in why
PARTICIAPTION ing a screen. There are other people there and they are
they chose to participate in studies and trials. all holding remotes. They’re told that they need to rate
As a student or a recent grad, who couldn’t use a little extra what they see on a scale from one to five. Watching clips of
cash? The Government of Canada reported that students paid fake commercials and company slogans flash by on the screen,
about $8,248 for school, including tuition and student fees, in ONE STUDY REPORTS THAT he clicked in his answers. One. Three. Two. Three. He’s done
2016. And if you live downtown, you’re paying an average of this a few times. Nothing new.
$2,000 in rent, according to the Toronto Real Estate Board’s When he started doing the studies, he didn’t care so much
2016 report. So, sitting at a table for a few hours answering about the research. But sitting and listening to all the clicks
questions doesn’t seem like such a bad idea.
78 PER CENT from other participant’s remotes, he learns a lot about how
people think. He notices that some people would just go along
with whatever other people were answering but he felt that

t Ryerson University, the psychology department wasn’t honest, so he ignored them.
has 31 research labs, each with the opportunity for If he gave high scores, he didn’t have to stay longer. But
someone to become a participant in the research. OF PEOPLE LIST MONEY AS sometimes he wouldn’t like what he saw on the slideshow, and
Sometimes the studies are advertised in newspapers, but usu- would give it lower ratings. When he did this, he was asked
ally they get exposure from word of mouth and brightly co- AN INCENTIVE TO BE IN A to stay longer—they’d ask him questions about why he didn’t
loured flyers around campus, with questions like, “Are you a like it, subtly prompting him, and he’d have to watch the clips
worrier?” and, “Are you a smoker?” taped to inside of bath-
STUDY again and re-score them. He’d stay longer if he had to.
room stall doors. Why not? He’d get some extra cash for it.
8 BIZ & TECH Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017

Ryerson EcoStudio builds zero-energy home
Built in only two weeks, the ZeroHouse is a townhouse prototype that aims to use sustainble energy to power the entire home
By Daniel McIntosh 30, sometimes up to 60 years.”
Applying this thought process
Ryerson’s EcoStudio and the En- led his team to use plant-based ma-
deavour Centre, a Peterborough- terials in construction, like hemp,
based design firm, have collabo- straw and mushroom root.
rated on a green building project, “All of those materials are about
designing a rental unit that uses half carbon by weight,” said Mag-
sustainable energy for power. wood. “So by putting them into
The ZeroHouse is a townhouse the building where they’ll stay for
prototype based on the concept of 100 years we’re effectively taking
net zero energy. that much carbon out of the atmo-
The net zero building philoso- sphere, and sequestering it into the
phy is to provide housing space building.”
that offsets its energy consumption Affordability in homebuilding is
with the amount of renewable en- currently a contentious issue. Last
ergy the home is able to produce. month, the Ryerson City Building
To make this possible, the team Institute reported that Toronto
set out to decrease energy con- would need 8,000 new rental units
The ZeroHouse is a joint project between Ryerson and the Endavour Centre. PHOTO: ECOSTUDIO
sumption, carbon footprints and per year in order to stop the city’s
construction waste. reliance on high-cost, high-carbon
Urban-based and energy-effi- family houses, free standing, on penters gather and frame it up from greenhouse gas emissions. footprint condos in Toronto.
cient home large plots of land. It’s not a sus- scratch, layer over insulation and Chris Magwood, an instructor at EcoStudio is hoping their pro-
Cheryl Atkinson, the director of tainable typology,” said Atkinson. wiring, and it’s an additive process the Endeavour Centre, says devel- duction design helps to offset this
Ryerson’s EcoStudio said that her “Given that we’re an urban uni- of small pieces,” Atkinson said. opers need to acknowledge carbon number.
goal was to provide affordable fam- versity we wanted to work with a “What we did in this case was emissions as closely as they do en- “After looking at the production
ily housing that was based on the denser model.” design the project so it could be ergy efficiency, or there may be no costs for this building, we deter-
net zero philosophy. She took it a The final model is 1,000 sq. ft. constructed very quickly out of emission reductions at all. mined that it would be no more ex-
step further, wanting to focus her and constructed with prefabricated very large panels. More like build- “While it makes sense to look at pensive to build a net zero version
efforts on how this concept could materials, saving time in the erec- ing a large version of a cardboard the energy efficiency of the build- than it would to build a custom sin-
benefit an urban area. tion of the site, as well as providing model of a house.” ing once it is built, if we don’t look gle-family home of the same size,”
“A target we had was to make an energy-efficient solution to con- The entire assembly of the house at the carbon in the materials, it’s said Atkinson.
it urban housing, rather than de- struction waste. The use of these took only two weeks to complete. quite possible to build a very en- “It was built by amateurs, it’s
tached family housing. We thought materials also makes the house Efficiency isn’t everything ergy efficient house that’s respon- something that could be shipped
it absolutely critical because most more affordable for consumers. Homebuilders are increasingly sible for so many carbon emissions off to different communities and
other competitions focused on net “A normal house is built of in- focused on energy efficiency to add in construction,” he said. “It won’t people could build it themselves. It
zero housing, treating it like single dividual pieces of lumber, and car- value to their properties and limit really save any emissions for 10 to could solve a lot of problems.”

How to (properly) invest your money
Mutual funds? TFSAs? RRSPs? Biz and tech editor Sylvia Lorico looks into investing hard-earned dollars for the future
Whether you’re just looking to make hole and hoping it will grow, every ber: return is contingent on risk. If
money by investing, or hoping to investment has some associated risks. you invest in high-risk stocks, your
make enough profit for a project or In the business world, risk is mea- return might be high but it’s at the
business, investing money is an as- sured by credit ratings. The better risk of losing a significant amount of
set that can help you grow wealth in the credit rating is, the less risky it is funds. If you invest in low-risk ac-
Canada. But where should you put perceived to be. Governments usu- counts on the other hand, expect that
your money? How much are you ally have the best credit ratings fol- your returns will be lower but your
hoping to make in the future? Here lowed by larger banks, smaller banks, funds will likely remain stable.
are some tips and breakdown of how companies and small businesses and 4. Determine the type of invest-
to invest your money successfully. individuals. Avoid investing money ment
1. Determine your time horizon you can’t afford to lose and consider Unfortunately, money doesn’t grow
Here’s how to make your money grow. ILLUSTRATION: SARAH KIRCHEL
When you decide to invest your the worst-case scenario with every on trees. However, there are several
money, you need to figure out how investment you make. The riskier options to invest your money instead the amount of income taxes you’re lished by the Government of Canada
long you plan to invest for. Plans can the investment, the higher the odds of planting it into the ground. Here required to pay. You can contribute which carry over each year. The in-
change but the important thing is to that a worst-case scenario will oc- are a few options broken down: up to 18 per cent of the income you come earned in your TFSA is not
have a plan. Estimate whether you cur. Also, if you start to invest when Mutual funds: earn in a year. These contributions taxable even when withdrawn from
will be investing for one year, three you’re younger, your rate of risk will At its core, a mutual fund is a are deducted from your income for your account. However, it does not
years, five years, ten years or longer. be significantly lower because you managed portfolio of stocks and/or tax purposes, but the investment provide any tax benefits.
A proper time horizon determines have fewer assets. bonds. A manager selects companies income is taxable when withdrawn. 5. Explore more opportunities
where to invest your money. Short 3. Determine your expectations that will be in their fund. Thus your Another handy tip is that you can So you’ve finally put some money
term investors typically put their You might say, “I want to earn a money is invested in hundreds of withdraw funds from your RRSP to away to grow. Congratulations!
money in easily accessible accounts return of 50 per cent on my invest- companies sometimes residing in the finance your education or withdraw You’re well on your way to being
like at major banks, while long-term ment-every year.” However, this is same sector or geographical market. up to $25,000 tax-free to buy or build richer in the future and a bona fide
investors will typically invest in the unrealistic. People often lose money This is a good way to avoid invest- your home. adult. That being said, don’t just
stock market or other areas where by chasing after impossible rates of ing in just one area to minimize your Tax-Free Savings Account throw your money into an account
the potential for returns are high but return. Look into every investment risk when building an investment (TFSA): and ignore it. Consider finding a fi-
are not always easy to sell. carefully and consult with those you portfolio. This account allows you to save nancial planner to help plan and keep
2. Look at your risk tolerance trust like your financial advisor or Registered Retirement Savings your revenue from taxes regardless track of your investments. Most of
How much money are you will- parents before making a decision. Plan (RRSP): of your annual income. Each year, all, keep looking into ways to invest.
ing to lose on your investment? Un- Keep in mind the positives and nega- The purpose of an RRSP is to build you can make contributions to your More than one investment reduces
less you’re burying your money in a tives in every investment. Remem- savings for retirement by reducing TFSA within an annual limit estab- your risk and increases your return!
Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017 COMMUNITIES 9

In the eyes of the beholder: Shades of colourism
Ryerson students talk about how shadeism in their communities impacts their perception of beauty and self-esteem. Kamille Coppin has the story
At nine years old, first-year busi- of colourism, the shared experiences
ness technology management stu- of racialized people has been
dent, Hiranniya Yogaratnarajah documented through their personal
was always told she was lucky. Not experiences.
because she had loving and devoted Kelisha May, a co-ordinator for
parents or the carefree privileges of the Centre for Women and Trans
being a child—she was considered People, a Ryerson Students’ Union
lucky because she had lighter skin. equity centre, said she witnessed
Growing up in Sri Lanka, she years of shadeist comments alter her
can remember her family members nephew’s self-worth and perception.
telling her mother “Keep her inside Shadeism through the eyes of Ryerson students PHOTO: PREMILA D’SA
“My nephew is a lot darker
more often,” out of fear that she skinned, he’s now 19 and last year
would become darker. we aren’t accepting of a skin color, of communities of colour. western societies while selling skin he wanted to buy lemons to bleach
“Although our world is rallying to- to making [colourism] seemingly Yogaratnarajah said she was con- lightening soaps and creams in his skin,” she said. “I think a lot of
wards a more accepting perspective, unintentional,” said Yogaratnarajah. stantly exposed to these ideas in Sri countries in South and East Asia. the time we forget that our broth-
my culture still holds great value in Ashley Singh, a fourth-year radio Lankan media. Ideals of western beauty have be- ers hear what our mothers, fathers
lighter skin,” said Yogaratnarajah. and television arts student, was raised “I cannot stress how much a Fair come an unachievable goal that and grandparents are saying. Our
Knowing how deep racism runs in Canada and became exposed to co- and Lovely ad on TV, or a magazine drives the skin bleaching market. brothers hear that too and have
in racialized communities is impor- lour biases as a child in her Guyanese article talking about achieving the Dove has also recently come under their own self esteem problems
tant when talking about colourism. household. Because her mother is of ideal colour of a certain actress or fire for ads that were percieved to with shadeism.”
Shadeism or colourism is discrimi- a darker complexion than her father, model, impacted me,” she said. show that fair skin is more beautiful. It is possible to unlearn colour bias.
nation based on the idea that people she would hear her family members Yogaratnarajah said she saw many Christina Smith, a third-year pro- In order to promote change, affected
of colour who have lighter skin or question her father about marrying a parents buy fairness creams for their fessional communication student, communities need to have conversa-
Eurocentric features should get “dark skinned person.” children. Some women even ate cer- said in Jamaica, biases towards skin tions about the realities of colourism.
preferential treatment. “At that age you are not asking yet tain foods during their pregnancy colour can affect someone’s quality Singh said she believes what is
While this problematic perspective ‘Am I beautiful?’ You learn that from with the assumption that it would of life so severely that they bleach missing is safe spaces where people
is buried in the history of western your culture and the people around cause their child to be born with their skin as a means to survive. of colour can face their biases with-
colonial rule, shadeism has passed you,” said Singh. lighter skin. Having lived in Jamaica for years, out judgement.
through generations and still affects While ideas of beauty differ across A report by Global Industry she said skin bleaching is often a She said, “We need to create spaces
the lives of racialized students at Ry- cultures, the beauty industry has Analysis in 2009 stated that the way to create opportunities. run off of love so we can reject fear…
erson. This includes being confront- made it their mission to define a skin lightening industry alone is ap- “Everyone is like crabs in a buck- I think deconstructing colonialism
ed with the notion that European standard for decades. From damaging proximately worth $10 billion and is et, everyone wants that one thing to means rejecting the fear that was
features are more desirable. hair- straightening products to expected to more than double to $23 create leverage,” she said. “Even if it ingrained in us as oppressed people.”
“Modern colourism is the more dangerous skin-lightening soaps, billion by 2020. means thinking ‘at least I am not a The Racialized Students’ Col-
subtle version of traditional colour- the influences of colourism have Skin care companies like Dove dark skinned Jamaican.’” lective will be holding a workshop
ism. We have transitioned from found their way into the pockets of and Nivea are well known for sup- While there is little statistical called “The Politics of Shadeist and
making it seemingly obvious that capitalism and into the living rooms porting positive body image in information to back up the realities Colourist” on Nov. 28.

Ryerson faculties divided on approach to hiring Indigenous faculty
impact their families. marks from Tracey King, Ryer- communications and special projects.
“But when you’re with an Indig- son’s Aboriginal human resources The Faculty of Science did not
enous prof…they take so much care consultant. Tracey confirmed that respond in time before publication.
to present the material in such a way Ryerson has “no target number” for Hayden King said while overall
that it’s not triggering, and that we hiring Indigenous faculty. diversity initiatives are important in
can critically talk about these things.” However, despite the lack of spe- hiring, those approaches “overlook
However, because there is no cific mandate, departmental hiring Indigenous faculty members.”
centralized approach to hiring In- committees are required to follow If there is no “conscious effort” to
digenous faculty at Ryerson, the de- Equity, Diversity and Inclusion recruit Indigenous faculty members,
cision to hire is left up to individual (EDI) guidelines. The Office of EDI then no progress will be made in
faculties and departments. consults and assists departments and increasing Indigenous faculty repre-
Two departments in the Faculty faculties to include values of equity, sentation, King said.
By Sherina Harris according to Ryerson president of Arts (English and sociology) diversity and inclusion into their ev- Kyle Edwards, who is Anishi-
Mohamed Lachemi. currently have open-rank positions eryday practices. naabe and a recent graduate of Ry-
Riley Kucheran, an Ojibway graduate Hayden King is the director of specifically for Indigenous hires, Among other things, these guide- erson’s journalism program, said he
student at Ryerson, said he had his Ryerson’s Centre for Indigenous according to King. Open rank lines focus on making members of has experienced debates on Indig-
first course taught by an Indigenous Governance and advises the Faculty positions mean either junior or the hiring committees aware of un- enous issues in the classroom where
professor this semester—after five of Arts on Indigenous education. senior academics can apply. conscious biases they might possess a non-Indigenous professor wasn’t
years of his undergraduate degree “The University is responding to the “The hope is that more depart- towards applicants. able to control the students.
and two years of his master’s degree. TRC calls to action, which of course ments will consider going down this None of the six job postings in “Somebody once stood up and
While Ryerson has 90 Indigenous encouraged broader Indigenous con- path,” King said. Ryerson’s Faculty of Engineering claimed that the ‘starlight tours’
staff members, only five are tenure- tent and faculty in universities,” said and Architectural Science (FEAS) in Saskatchewan—in which police
track faculty with permanent job King, who is Potawatomi and Ojibwe currently are targeted specifically officers left homeless Indigenous
If there is no “conscious
contracts. from Beausoleil First Nation. towards Indigenous hires, according men to freeze outside—never hap-
Kucheran said having an Indig- In comparison, the University of effort” to recruit Indigenous to Lindsay Kissane, FEAS’ director pened,” he recalled, noting that the
enous professor earlier in university Toronto Steering Committee out- faculty then no progress will of strategy and communications. tours’were widely documented.
would have helped him see his edu- lined their goal of “hiring a significant be made She added that she is not aware He said his professor couldn’t
cational path of staying in school and number of Indigenous faculty mem- of any faculty members in the FEAS counter the student’s claim, which
completing a PhD as more viable. bers over the next three years” in their who identify as Indigenous. was “a shame” and highlights the
The Truth and Reconciliation 2015 report responding to the TRC. Lauren Clegg, Ryerson’s media The Faculty of Communication need for more Indigenous faculty.
Commission (TRC) released 94 For Indigenous students, Kuch- relations officer, responded on be- and Design tries to “ensure that King said he expects that Ryerson’s
calls to action in 2015. Ryerson erena said certain content like ma- half of the Faculty of Community equity and diversity are kept top of upcoming report responding to
is expected to release a follow-up terial on residential schools, can be Services and the Ted Rogers School mind” when hiring, according to the TRC will address the hiring of
report to the TRC in a few weeks, difficult because the topics directly of Management with written re- Marie Crosta, the faculty’s director of Indigenous faculty.
10 SPORTS Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017

In the hole: Ryerson Golf faces $3.5K deficit
Weeks before competition, the Ryerson Golf Club was put on hold as they watched their season go by with a deficit to their name
there’s no guarantee they’ll make the could risk being on hold once again
11-person roster. During the 2016- next season if it didn’t clear its deficit
17 academic year, the golf club held by March 2018.
a raffle, a March Madness pool and The only option golfers had to
contributed at a staff event, but it salvage their 2017 season was if they
wasn’t enough. were willing to participate as in-
For the 2017 season, Marra dividuals, while also finding a new
planned to charge a membership club supervisor prepared to handle
fee of $350, with $100 going to- their financial situation. Jennings
ward covering their deficit. found Beal, a Professional Golfers’
Registration for an invitational Association of Canada member, to
tournament is around $100 take on the role.
per person, and the provincial Jennings, along with two male
tournament fee stands at $310. players, made a last-second push to
Marra’s budget proposal for the compete in the Guelph Invitational.
2017 OUA championship was She would ultimately be sidelined
projected to cost $3,535, including due to illness, while Andrew
all expenses. Hudencial was the only Ryerson
However, with only up to five player to qualify to the OUA
men and four women allowed to championship.
By Bryan Meler the club in 2015. “I have no idea how to fundraise and collect private participate per team, not every golf- “Last year going to the OUAs, it
we’re going to come up with that donations. er is able to take part in the OUAs. was a lot of fun with a full team,” said

H eather Jennings was ready to
hit the golf course for the 2017
season. After not qualifying for the
money … it’s kind of a big mess.”
Athletic clubs, unlike teams at Ry-
erson, are required to be self-funded
But by September, as tryouts were
set to take place, the club still held a
deficit of around $3,583.
Since not every member is chosen,
the money remaining from their
initial membership fee is used
Hudencial. “It’s a different experience.”
Hudencial says he decided to en-
roll at Ryerson because of Marra,
Ontario University Athletics (OUA) and to operate in order to achieve Even though clubs aren’t sup- to try and cover the expenses of who in ways put together the club’s
championship the year before, she a year-end balance of $0. Heading posed to receive annual funding, those who do play. first recruiting class in 2016. That
practiced every moment she could into the 2017 season, the golf club Ryerson clubs coordinator Tiona In 2016, members of the club group included Ryan Sura, who
while helping the Ryerson Golf was in a hole. Taylor says Athletics has helped the only paid $250 for apparel, two in- said, “[Marra] dedicated all his time
Club fundraise heading into her After purchasing 24 golf bags for golf club “pay off their deficit mul- vitational tournaments and a chance to his team, he was happiest when
final season. $4,474.80 in 2016, Marra resold 11 tiple years in a row.” to play at the OUA championship. we were all together.”
But in September, when she to club members for $200 each— “Athletics financially contributes Their fee would leave them with In the past, Marra has been able
made a trip to Ryerson Athletics’ up almost $15 from retail price— in order to help them out, in hope uncovered expenses. to provide free yoga lessons for the
offices to discuss the season ahead, to chip away at the deficit. The that [a deficit] doesn’t reoccur,” said Marra didn’t want the athletes to club, as well as securing a partner-
Jennings was informed the club was club still had over $2,000 worth of Taylor. “But this last year, the recur- be on a “pay as you go” basis; finding ship with Brampton Golf Club in
in a deficit of $3,583.59 and would equipment left, adding to the deficit rence was enough.” it unfair to present additional charges 2015, allowing them free practice
be put on hold. Two days later at they’d already accumulated from the after they had already paid a member- time during non-peak hours. This
a meeting, the rest of the club was OUA championship the year before. ship fee. Josh Beal, the club’s new- year, Hudencial and Sura both
notified of the same news, along Marra hoped to resell the remaining “I have no idea how est supervisor and a recent Ryerson thought they would have one of the
with the fact that their financial bags to future club members over we’re going to come graduate, is of a different mindset. best rosters in their program’s histo-
supervisor and coach Vince the next few seasons, but with the up with that money” “You shouldn’t be committing a ry, especially after Owen Bates made
Marra, who founded the club in club on hold, it’s unclear whether certain amount of money if you’re the switch from a Division II school
2010, had resigned. that will happen. not playing in the event,” said Beal. in the U.S. to Ryerson.
Athletics told the club they would Marra says he told members they Marra had proposed plans in “It’s not the most efficient way, but The club’s members have thought
pay off half their deficit, as long as were “in the hole a little bit.” But the place, including a grant from Golf you don’t want them to feel like about hitting the course in the
the club found a way to contribute severity of the situation was never Canada, but Athletics didn’t want they’re being ripped off ... I want to spring by making a trip down south,
roughly $1,800 themselves. But explained. Instead, he viewed the to commit to any more unfulfilled be very transparent and make sure but those would simply be exhibi-
without the financial resources, it golf bags, which had to be ordered promises and donations, especially they’re getting their value.” tion tournaments. But for now, the
meant the club wouldn’t be able to
compete at the 2017 OUA champi-
onship. Instead, players would have
in groups of six, as an “asset.”
“People get hung up on the num-
bers,” said Marra. “We literally got
after the club didn’t apply for finan-
cial assistance through Ryerson’s
Student Initiatives Fund.
W hen the Ryerson Golf Club
was brought in for their
meeting in September, there was
club is focusing on balancing their
budget. Starting in November, Ath-
letics would like to find “creative
to golf without the support of the no support from the university.” Marra says the Ryerson Golf Club confusion as to whether the players ways” other than fundraising, which
club, personally paying their fees
up-front. Because of that, only two
players have hit the links this sea-
F or Ryerson Athletics, the deficit
had become too much. Upon
meeting at the end of their 2016
needs to have funds before their sea-
son starts in September, since they
don’t have enough time to fund-
had to pay off the remaining $1,800
out of their own pockets.
Jennings says players weren’t ex-
hasn’t proven to be effective, in or-
der to help the club get back on track
as soon as possible.
son. The rest of Ryerson’s golf club season, Athletics told Marra he had raise between the start of the aca- pected to be able to come together as “It’s odd, we know we’re a team,
hasn’t played a single hole. to clear the deficit by March 2017. demic year and their season debut. a team with deadlines for invitation- but we don’t see each other as often,”
“I had no idea we were even in a They extended his deadline through Getting players to fundraise a year als right around the corner. But she said Hudencial. “It’s a bit of a step
deficit,” said Jennings, who joined the summer, giving the club time earlier is too hard, he says, because says they were notified that the club back.”

Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017 FUN CONTENT 11

Rye prez releases Do you think you’re hilarious? To write for Fun and Satire!
Send us an email at

a U of T diss track
Lyba Mansoor reports diss track to be the first of many

Name a more iconic rapper, we’ll wait PHOTO: PREMILA D’SA

Ryerson University president boom boom,’ it completely inspired
Mohamed Lachemi recently released me,” Lachemi said.
a diss track directed at the University Ryerson students are excited to
of Toronto (U of T) on Friday. The hear the full track.
track, entitled Fuck You True Blue, Former Ryerson student Peter
addresses the rivalry between the two Dwight, stage name Poop Dogg, is
Toronto-based universities. a member of the exclusive Young
“Ryerson has struggled a lot with Rappers of Ryerson (YRR), a Ryerson
its image, especially because of the school club created by Lachemi that
consistent ragging on our school focuses on fostering young hip-hop
at the hands of the tacky U of T,” talent and honing their skills as artists.
Lachemi told The Eyeopener in “I’m so glad that students,
an interview. particularly those who are a part of
Lachemi took a page from YRR, are responding so positively
Drake’s playbook. He could think of to the song. At the end of the day,
no better way to convey his distaste it really is about the kids for me,”
for U of T than through song. Lachemi said.
He described what Ryerson faces Lachemi hopes his song will
at the hands of U of T as “tacky.” finally put a stop to the university-
“While innovative, it remains patriotism-fuelled hatred U of T
to be condescending belittlement,” students express towards Ryerson.
said Lachemi. According to Ryerson media
Fuck You True Blue is a four- relations officer Lauren Clegg, the
minute-long ballad of a university university has seen an increase in
president who has clearly had enrolment applications. One Ryerson
enough of U of T’s shit. student told The Eyeopener that she
In the teaser released on his suspects this is due to the recent
official Twitter account, @Lachemz, trend at U of T involving their
Lachemi raps: “Yo U of T, you teaching assistants stapling Ryerson
home to the nation’s greatest applications to the backs of difficult
snobs/Your students stay trippin’ computer science assignments.
‘cause the Rams keep jackin’ She said for all their bravado, U
their jobs.” of T students are constantly using
Lachemi said the track’s musical the SLC and Ryerson’s library in
styling was inspired by Roadman an attempt to escape from their
Shaq’s appearance on BBC professor, Jordan Peterson.
Radio 1Xtra’s Fire in the Booth, a “It’s definitely that type of behaviour
musical performance that instantly that I hope this song will bring to an
went viral. end,” Lachemi said.
“When Roadman Shaq rapped Lachemi said that this diss track is
‘the ting goes skrrrrrrrrrrah pap pap the first of many, referring to himself
kak kak kak skibiidipap pap and a as a “diss track connoisseur,” who has
pupubrrdooom skyaa du du kun kun a lot more “sick beats left to share.”

Unscramble the words to see our top
pick for next year’s frosh concert! imlheca
Submit this to The Eyeopener office
(SCC 207) when you’re done for rfo
your chance to win a $50 GIFT
NAME: ________________________
**Note: a valid photo I.D. must be
presented in order to claim this STUDENT #: ___________________
prize. You cannot win if you are
not at least 19 years of age. CONTACT INFO: ______________
12 Wednesday, Nov. 15, 2017





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