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If the message can be decoded the counter is incremented by 2. the value can not exceed the initial value. not during handover or assignment. timer expired) to the mobile station and a Clear Request to the MSC. A Clear Request message is sent to the MSC. If the mobile moves out of coverage and no measurement reports are received in the BSC. However. The initial value is set by the parameter RLINKT for radio link time-out in the mobile station and by RLINKUP for timeout in the BSC. which will send Channel Release (cause: abnormal release. the BSC now waits RLINKT SACCH periods before the timeslot is released and a new call can be established on the channel. the BTS will send Error Indication (cause: T200 expired) to the BSC. The SACCH is deactivated and the BSC waits RLINKT SACCH periods before the timeslot is released and a new call can use the channel. VA Your Ad Here TCH Drop Analysis 1. Layer 2 Time-Out If the BTS never get an acknowledge on a Layer 2 message after the time T200XN200.Cellular-Planning and Optimization * Urgent Opening for 3G RF Planning and Optimization Engineer.Kabul -Tax Free! * Urgent Opening :: UMTS/WCDMA with HSPA RF Engineer (Expert) .Reston. * RF Optimization Design Support Director * Radio Network Planning & Optimisation 2G-3G Engineers * Radio Network Optimisation . unspecified) is sent to the mobile station and the SACCH is deactivated in the BTS. there will be a radio link time-out and the message Channel Release (cause: abnormal release. To be sure that the mobile has stopped transmitting. 2. . Radio Link Time-Out Every time a SACCH message can not be decoded the radio link time-out counter is decreased by 1.e. This is only valid if the call is in steady state. i.

The time-out is depending on the message. It is also possible that the release will be normal depending on when the Release Indication is received. . There must be a TCH channel available. 4. Identity Request) and there is no radio link time-out or layer 2 time-out. the following two criterion have to be fulfilled: a. i.3. The MSC will then send a Clear Command to the BSC and the call is cleared by Channel Release (cause: normal release). MSC Time-Out Normal Release: If the MSC never received a response on a message (e. Assignment to TCH Before sending an Assignment Command from the BSC at TCH assignment. 5.e. If such a message is received unexpectedly this will usually cause radio link time-out or timer T200 expiration as the mobile station stops the transmitting of measurement reports.g. no congestion b. the MSC will send a Clear Command to the BSC. When receiving Clear Command. If the connection was a Location Update it will be a Location Update Reject (cause: network failure) and if the connection was a mobile originating call (CM Service Request) a CM Service Reject (cause: network failure) will be sent. the MSC will send a reject message. The system does only react on Release Indication if it is received during a normal disconnection situation. Release Indication When the BTS received a layer 2 DISC frame from the mobile it replies with a Layer 2 UA frame to the mobile station and a Release Indication to the BSC. the BSC will send a Channel Release (cause: normal release) and then deactivates the SACCH. Reject (only SDCCH): If the MSC never receives a response on the first message after Establish Indication. The locating algorithm must have received at least one valid measurement report.

Low Signal Strength 3. Assignment Command will not be sent and a Channel Release (cause: abnormal release. TCH Drop reason (1) The classification of TCH Drop Reasons are arranged in the order of priority: 1. TCH Drop Reasons (2) Low Signal Strength on Down or Uplink or Both Links The drops counters due to Low Signal Strength will be pegged when the Signal Strength during the last Measurement Report before the call dropped is below the LOWSSDL and/or LOWSSUL Thresholds. unspecified) will be sent to the mobile station and a Clear Request to the MSC. Action: Check if the cell parameter TALIM is < "63" Solution: Set TALIM to a value close to 63. etc. for co-channel cells.ExcessiveTiming Advance 2. This drop reason is commonly apparent to isolated or island sites with a wide coverage area. Tilt antenna/reduce antenna height/output power.Bad Quality 4. LOWSSDL and LOWSSUL are BSC Exchange Property parameters whichis used only for .If either of the criterion is not fulfilled.Sudden Loss of Connection 5. the last Timing Advance value recorded was higher than the TALIM Parameter.Other Reasons Excessive Timing Advance The TCH Drop counters due to Excessive Timing Advance will pegged when the during the time of disconnection.

only Drop due to Low SS BL will pegged. . only Drop due to BAD Quality BL will pegged. Add a new base station if there are large coverage holes. Check output power. Building shadowing could be another reason. Bad tunnel coverage cause many dropped calls as well as so called coverage holes. If both UL and DL Quality are above the thresholds. Perform drive tests & site survey. Check if Omni site. Action: Check coverage plots. BADQDL and BADQUL (expressed in DTQU) are BSC Exchange Property parameters which is used only for statistics purposes and does not affect the behavior of calls. Solution: Add a repeater to increase coverage in for example a tunnel. Check power balance and link budget. Block/Deblock TRX TCH Drop Reasons (3) Poor Quality on Down or Uplink or Both Links The drops counters due to Bad Quality will be pegged when the Signal Strength during the last Measurement Report before the call dropped is above the BADQDL and/or BADQUL Thresholds. Normally a call is dropped at the border of large rural cell with insufficient coverage. Change to a better antenna (with higher gain) for the base station. If both UL and DL Signal Strength are below the thresholds.statistics purposes and does not affect the behavior of calls. Check antenna installation. Bad indoor coverage will result in dropped calls. Check antenna configuration & type. Check TRX/TS with high CONERRCNT.

Change FHOP.Problem on Bad Quality is usually associated with Co-channel Interference on BCCH or TCH. Faulty MAIO assignment can cause frequency collisions on co-sited cells especially on 1x1 Reuse. Record RIR or on-site Frequency Scanning to identify source of interference. Change MAIO. and the locating procedure indicates missing measurement results from the MS. Check Frequency Plan (Co-BCCH or Co-BSIC Problem). . excessive timing advance. Action: Check C/I and C/A plots. Check FHOP if correctly configured (BB or SY). Change BSIC. External interference is also one possible cause of problem on quality. Perform drive tests. Check for External Interference. bad quality or hardware (other) reasons. Check MAIO. Use available radio features. HOP. HOP. TCH Drop Reasons (4) Sudden Loss of Connection Drops due to Sudden Loss are drops that have not been registered as low signal strength. HSN. HSN parameters. Solution: Change BCCH frequency.

very sudden and severe occurrence of interference.. BTS HW faults. Ensure that Synchronization and A-bis Link are stable. MS runs out of battery during conversation. Reset TRX with high CONERRCNT. etc. Correlate Handover Lost to Drops due to Sudden Loss Solution: Fix Hardware Faults and Alarms. elevators. Handover Lost. Bad Quality and Sudden Loss from the Total TCH Drop Counts. Action: Check BTS Error Logs. Drops due to Other Reasons are generally associated with hardware problems. Check for DIP Slips. Check CONERRCNT per TRX and TS. Ater or Ainterfaces. Check LAPD Congestion. Change RBLT with high DIP Slips. Synchronization or A-bis link fault (transmission faults).There are some common scenarios that could lead to Sudden Loss of connections such as very sudden and severe drops in signal strength. Check Transmission Link (A-bis). . parking garages. Change CONFACT or increase Transmission Capacity Investigate HO Lost Problem TCH Drop Reasons (5) TCH Drops due to Other Reasons TCH drops due to Other Reasons are computed by subtracting the sum of drops due to Excessive TA. and sometimes Handover Lost. such as when subscribers enter into buildings. and MS Faults. transmission link problems on A-bis. Alarms and Fault Codes. Low SS.

Check CONERRCNT per TRX and TS. Repair faulty equipment. Check frequency plan. Reset TRX with high CONERRCNT. Investigate HO Lost Problem Problem reason of drop in SDCCH Low Signal Strength on Down or Uplink The reason for poor coverage could be too few sites. Use available radio features. Check Transmission Link (A-bis). Increase output power. Ensure that Synchronization and A-bis Link are stable. Correlate Handover Lost to Drops due to Other Reasons Solution: Fix Hardware Faults and Alarms. Perform drive tests. Perform drive tests.Action: Check BTS Error Logs. Poor Quality on Down or Uplink Action: Check C/I and C/A plots. Solution: Change frequency. Action: Check coverage plots. Check for DIP Slips. Check BTS error log Solution: Add new sites. Change RBLT with high DIP Slips. Check Alarms and Fault Codes.Check output power. . no indoor coverage or network equipment failure. shadowing. wrong output power.

">Solution: Set TALIM to a value close to 63. Mobile Error Some old mobiles may cause dropped calls if certain radio network features are used. Tilt antenna/reduce antenna height/output power. Action: Check customer complaints and their MS. choosing illadvised locations to attempt calls. Subscriber Behavior Poorly educated subscribers could use their handsets incorrectly by not raising antennas. Congestion on TCH The SDCCH is dropped when congestion on TCH. Action: Check MS fleet. Solution: Inform operator. Another reason is that the MS is damaged and not working properly. etc. Action: Check if MS power regulation is used. Dynamic Half-Rate Allocation and FR-HR Mode Adaptation etc . Cell Load Sharing. Check if DTX uplink is used. Battery Flaw When a subscriber runs out of battery during a conversation. for cochannel cells. Action: Check TCH congestion Solution: Increase capacity on TCH or using features like Assignment to another cell.Too High Timing Advance Action: Check if the cell parameter TALIM is < style="font-weight: bold. etc. HCS. the call will be registered as dropped call due to low signal strength or others.

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