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Combination Reactions

General characteristics:
Reactants consist of two elements
The elements combine into one compound
When Aluminum reacts with chlorine, what
forms?
Begin with the Reactants
Al + Cl2 .
Combine the Elements
Al + Cl2 AlCl

Combine the elements together


Do not worry (yet) about the formula being
correct or the equation being balanced.
Correct the Formula
Al + Cl2 AlCl

The charge of aluminum is 3+


The charge for Cl is 1-
We need 3 Cl- ions for each Al3+.
Correct the Formula
Al + Cl2 AlCl3

The charge of aluminum is 3+


The charge for Cl is 1-
We need 3 Cl- ions for each Al3+ .
Balance the Equation
Al + Cl2 AlCl3

There are two Cls on the left


There are three Cls on the right
The lowest common multiple of 2 and 3 is
6.
Balance the Equation
Al + 3Cl2 2AlCl3

Put a 3 in front of the Cl2 and a 2 in front of


the AlCl3 .
Balance the Equation
Al + 3Cl2 2AlCl3

Put a 3 in front of the Cl2 and a 2 in front of


the AlCl3
How many Als are on the left? One.
How many Als are on the right? Two.
Put a 2 in front of the Al on the left.
Balance the Equation
2Al + 3Cl2 2AlCl3

Put a 3 in front of the Cl2 and a 2 in front of


the AlCl3
How many Als are on the left? One.
How many Als are on the right? Two.
Predicting Products for
Chemical Reactions Part 2
Decomposition
Decomposition Reactions
General characteristics:
Reactant is a single binary compound
The compound breaks down into its elements
When you heat HgO what happens?
Begin with the Reactants
HgO .
Break the compound Apart
HgO Hg + O

Separate the compound into its elements


Do not worry (yet) about the formulas
being correct or the equation being
balanced.
Correct the Formula
HgO Hg + O

Separate the compound into its elements


Correct the formulas
Correct the Formula
HgO Hg + O2

Separate the compound into its elements


Correct the formulas
Balance the Equation
2HgO Hg + O2

Separate the compound into its elements


Correct the formulas
Balance the Equation
Balance the Equation
2HgO 2Hg + O2

Separate the compound into its elements


Correct the formulas
Balance the Equation
Decomposition usually requires energy
The compound either needs to be heated
or have electric current run through it
Usually, when you decompose a
substance by passing electricity through it,
you must dissolve it in water or melt it first.