Recipients of NASA grants for microgravity combustion research: Flight Definition Tasks California Dr. Robert K.

Cheng Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Berkeley, CA "Field Effects of Gravity on Lean Premixed Turbulent Flames" Professor Paul D. Ronney University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA "Transport and Chemical Effects on Concurrent and OpposedFlow Flame Spread at Microgravity" Illinois Professor Mun Young Choi University of Illinois, Chicago Chicago, IL "Experiments and Model Development for Investigation of Sooting and Radiation Effects in Microgravity Droplet Combustion" Massachusetts Professor James C. Hermanson Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester, MA "Combustion Characteristics of Fully-Modulated, Turbulent Diffusion Flames in Reduced Gravity" Michigan Professor Indrek S. Wichman Michigan State University East Lansing, MI "Investigation of Diffusion Flame Tip Instability in Microgravity" Missouri Professor Richard L. Axelbaum Washington University St. Louis, MO "Flame Design - A Novel Approach to Clean Efficient Diffusion Flames"

New Jersey Professor Chung K. Law Princeton University Princeton, NJ "Structure and Response of Spherical Diffusion Flames" Ohio Dr. Vedha Nayagam National Center for Microgravity Research Cleveland, OH "Dynamics of Droplet Extinction in Slow Convective Flows" Ground-based Tasks California Professor Jyh-Yuan Chen University of California, Berkeley Berkeley, CA "Numerical Study of Buoyancy and Differential Diffusion Effects on the Structure and Dynamics of Triple Flames" Professor Derek Dunn-Rankin University of California, Irvine Irvine, CA "Applications of Electric Field in Microgravity Combustion" Professor Fokion N. Egolfopoulos University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA "Quantitative Studies on the Propagation and Extinction of Near-Limit Flames Under Normal-and Micro-gravity" Dr. Jay B. Jeffries SRI International Menlo Park, CA "Quantitative Interpretation of Optical Emission Sensors for Microgravity Experiments" Professor Ian M. Kennedy University of California, Davis Davis, CA "The Impact of Buoyancy and Flame Structure on Soot, Radiation and NOx Emissions from a Turbulent Diffusion Flame"

Professor Benjamin D. Shaw University of California, Davis Davis, CA "Combustion of Han-Based Monopropellant Droplets in Reduced Gravity" Professor Owen I. Smith University of California, Los Angeles Los Angeles, CA "Acoustically Forced, Condensed Phase Fuel Combustion Under Microgravity Conditions" Professor Forman A. Williams University of California, San Diego La Jolla, CA "High Pressure Combustion of Binary Fuel Sprays" Colorado Dr. John M. Alford TDA Research, Inc. Wheat Ridge, CO "Formation of Carbon Nanotubes in a Microgravity Environment" Professor Melvyn C. Branch University of Colorado, Boulder Boulder, CO "Combustion of Metals Reduced-Gravity and Extraterrestrial Environments" Professor John J. Moore Colorado School of Mines Golden, CO "A Fundamental Study of the Combustion Synthesis of CeramicMetal Composite Materials Under Microgravity Conditions Phase III: Effect of Gravity on the Combustion Synthesis of Advanced, Engineered, Porous Materials" Connecticut Professor Daniel E. Rosner Yale University New Haven, CT "Combustion of Individual Bubbles and Submerged Gas Jets in Liquid Fuels" Professor Mitchell D. Smooke

Yale University New Haven, CT "Computational and Experimental Study of Energetic Materials in a Counterflow Microgravity Environment" Iowa Professor Lea Der Chen University of Iowa Iowa City, IA "Reflight of ELF (Enclosed Laminar Flames) Investigation" Illinois Professor Bernard J. Matkowsky Northwestern University Evanston, IL "Filtration Combustion for Microgravity Applications (1) Smoldering, (2) Combustion Synthesis of Advanced Materials" Professor Ishwar K. Puri University of Illinois, Chicago Chicago, IL "Gravitational Effects on Partially-Premixed Flames" Indiana Professor Arvind Varma University of Notre Dame Notre Dame, IN "Mechanistic Studies of Combustion and Structure Formation During Synthesis of Advanced Materials" Massachusetts Professor Simone Hochgreb Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA "A Study of Critical Soot Threshold in Microgravity by the Application of DC and AC Electric Fields" Dr. W. Terry Rawlins Physical Sciences Inc. Andover, MA "Hyperspectral Imaging of Flame Spread over Solid Fuel Surfaces Using Adaptive Fabry-Perot Filters" Maryland Dr. Linda G. Blevins

National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg, MD "Carbon Monoxide and Soot Formation in Inverse Diffusion Flames" Professor Ashwani K. Gupta University of Maryland College Park, MD "Studies on the Behavior of Highly Preheated Air Flames in Microgravity" Dr. Anthony Hamins National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg, MD "The Extinction of Low Strain Rate Diffusion Flames by an Agent in Microgravity" Dr. William E. Mell National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg, MD "Simulation of Combustion Systems with Realistic g-jitter" Dr. George Mulholland National Institute of Standards and Technology Gaithersburg, MD "Kinetics and Structure of Superagglomerates Produced by Silane and Acetylene" Michigan Professor Werner J. A. Dahm University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI "Turbulent Flame Processes via Vortex-Ring - Diffusion Flame Interaction" Professor James F. Driscoll University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI "Flame Vortex Interactions in Microgravity to Assess the Theory of Flame Stretch" Professor Gerard M. Faeth University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI "Flow/Soot-Formation in Nonbuoyant Laminar Diffusion Flames"

New Jersey Professor Chung K. Law Princeton University Princeton, NJ "Aerodynamics and Chemical Kinetics of Premixed Flames at High Pressures" New Mexico Dr. Joel A. Silver Southwest Sciences, Inc. Sante Fe, NM "Quantitative Species Measurements in Microgravity Combustion Flames" New York Professor C. Thomas Avedisian Cornell University Ithaca, NY "High Pressure Combustion of an Unsupported Sooting Fuel Droplet in Microgravity" Professor Peyman Givi State University of New York, Buffalo Buffalo, NY "Large Eddy Simulation of Gravitational Effects on Transitional and Turbulent Gas-Jet Diffusion Flames" Ohio Dr. Daniel L. Dietrich NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH "Combustion of Interacting Droplet Arrays in a Microgravity Environment" Dr. Paul V. Ferkul National Center for Microgravity Research Cleveland, OH "Thickness Effects on Fuel Flammability" Dr. Sandra L. Olson NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH "Low Stretch Diffusion Flames over a Solid Fuel"

Dr. Kurt R. Sacksteder NASA Lewis Research Center Cleveland, OH "Flame Spreading and Extinction in Partial Gravity Environments" Dr. Peter Sunderland National Center for Microgravity Research Cleveland, OH "Investigation of Velocity and Temperature in Microgravity Laminar Jet Diffusion Flames" Dr. Fumiaki Takahashi University of Dayton Research Institute, Dayton, OH "Reaction Kernel Structure and Diffusion Flame Stabilization" Dr. Randall L. Vander Wal National Center for Microgravity Research Cleveland, OH "The Synthesis of Graphite Encapsulated Metal Nanoparticles and Metal Catalytic Nanotubes" Texas Professor Noel T. Clemens University of Texas, Austin Austin, TX "Investigation of Strain/Vorticity and Large-Scale Flow Structure in Turbulent Nonpremixed Jet Flames" Professor Philip Varghese University of Texas, Austin Austin, TX "Laser Velocimeter for Studies of Microgravity Combustion Flowfields" Wisconsin Dr. Eric E. Rice Orbital Technologies Corporation Madison, WI "Development of Methods for Producing and Utilizing Alternate Fuel/Oxidizer Combinations Associated with Mars to Support ISRU-Based Propulsion and Power Systems"