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Determination of Pile Bearing Capacity from Shear Wave Velocity and Damping Measurements

Poster October 2015


DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.3266.1360

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Nor Faizah Bawadi


Universiti Malaysia Perlis
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Retrieved on: 08 November 2016
DETERMINATION OF PILE BEARING CAPACITY FROM SHEAR WAVE
VELOCITY AND DAMPING MEASUREMENT
Noor Adila Omar & Nor Faizah Bawadi
Department of Civil and Structural Engineering, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)
INTRODUCTION
Current design of pile foundations are based on
soil properties taken from conventional sites
investigation that are known to cause
disturbances resulting in the underestimate of
soil strength properties.

Using underestimate soil strength properties in


design of pile foundation will inevitably cause
conservative pile design that will lead to higher
cost of foundation structures.

A non-destructive in-situ test known as Spectral


Analysis of Surface Wave (SASW) is conducted to Fig. 3. Flowchart to determine ultimate bearing capacity of piles.
obtain shear wave velocity (Vs) and damping (D)
at very low strain level. RESULTS
o Result of Vs1, D and strain amplitude determine from the
OBJECTIVES interpretation on frequency-response and time-trace curve
o To study the potential used of Vs and D to evaluate pile bearing obtained from WinSASW analysis and processing software.
capacity.
o To compare the back calculation results to be obtained from the
SASW method to the instrumented pile load test (IPLT) results.

METHODOLOGY
Different seismic impact sources (geology, rubber, steel, sledge
hammer and rolling excavator) were used to generate seismic
energy.

(a) (b) (c) (d)


Fig. 4. Results of: a) SPT N-value, b) Vs1, c) D and d) strain amplitude.
Bearing Capacity of Bored Pile (kN)
Method Shaft Friction, End Bearing, Ultimate Bearing,
Qs Qb Qult

Fig. 1. CAP configuration for the SASW test (Joh et al., 2005). IPLT 14541 3473 18014
This Study
17331 593 17924
(SASW Test)
Difference (%) 16 -486 -1
Table 1. Comparison of pile bearing capacity (IPLT and SASW method).

o This study has only obtained a small difference of about -1% in the
total ultimate pile bearing capacity.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION


o In general, the SASW test has shown that Vs and D are strongly
related to ultimate pile bearing capacity based on the back
calculation result obtained in this study.
o Since the base resistance of bored pile are normally small and is
usually ignored in design, the large percentage difference obtained
in the back calculation of end bearing resistance in this study is
irrelevant.
o This study has shown the potential used of shear wave velocity
and damping measurement in the evaluation of pile bearing
Fig. 2. Fieldwork at the study area. capacity.