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## APTITUDE & MENTAL ABILITY TESTS

Conversion of information to dataCollection, compilation and
presentation of data Tables,graphs, diagrams
Analytical interpretation of data
Simplification
Percentage
Highest Common Factor (HCF)
Lowest Common Multiple (LCM)
Ratio and Proportion
Simple interest
Compound interest
Area
Volume
Time and Work
Decision making and problem solving
Logical Reasoning
Puzzles
Dice
Visual Reasoning
Alpha numeric Reasoning
Number Series
Logical Number/Alphabetical/Diagrammatic Sequences

Simplification
BODMAS
(8,, ,  )  
 =    )
> , BODMAS  

B - ? , O-  ,D -  , M -   ,A -8 ,S 
       =
.
8      = .

 

a x a x a x a x m  = am
AB C  a, b  C . m , n
o m n m+n
a xa =a

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m n mn
a a =a
a0 = 1
am b m = ( ab )m
 
( )m = 
 

afj KbwhUikf
(a + b)2 = a2 + 2ab+ b 2
2 2 2
(a - b) = a - 2ab+ b
2 2
(a + b)( a - b) = a - b
2
( x + a )( x + b) = x + ( a + b ) x+ ab

( a + b ) 2 + ( a b)2) = a2 + b 2


( a + b ) 2 - ( a b)2) = ab

(a + b)2 - 2ab = a2 + b 2
(a - b)2 + 2ab = a2 + b 2
(a + b)2 - 4ab = (a - b)2
(a - b)2 + 4ab = (a + b)2
(a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2(ab + bc + ca)
(a3 + b3) = (a + b)(a2 - ab + b2)
(a3 - b3) = (a - b)(a2 + ab + b2)
(a3 + b3 + c3 - 3abc) = (a + b + c)(a2 + b2 + c2 - ab - bc - ac)
a + b + c = 0, D a3 + b3 + c3 = 3abc.


E

E   100 . 
E % 

x % D

. x : y  >  I y = 100 D  
E
    .J
E  100 

 . . ( 100 %   .   

 ?  )

- J  #
K .D  # D J # K.D
- J  # 
-   
K .D  D  , 
K.D -    

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-  . . - J .   )?
 .D    -   
 - J  #   I J 

#D - J  # , -   

 - J  #
#D - J  # =
 -   

 -   
#D , -    =
 - J  #



   L  
a : b  b:a  K
a:b    ? . # 
  # 

 

## . # a:b  c: d  D  a:b :: c: d

C .
I .D    = .D   

M 
D N
I  N O DN .

D N =

p 
n (.D)
r N 
E
8 =  + N

365  = 1 .

 
219  = = .
 


73  = = .
 

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12 # = 1 .


6 # = = .

 
3

3 # =
12
= .


8 N

## K   N( I ) N O 8

N  .

8N  8 A =P(1+ )n

8N = 8 


. 8 N O  A = P 1     2n



. 8 N O  A = P 1     4n


 P N 
E r % D . .T 8 N  D

N    P ( )2

 P N 
E r % D mU .T 8 N  D
 
N    P ( ) 2(3 + )

) ?


) ? N =



) ?  A = p n+I

p 
n (#D)
r N 
E

? 8
 , V, )J ,  ? , 8
    . ?
8

n .T    A=P(1+ ) n 

W  ..

P  ?
r . )J 
E
n  .D

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P
n .T    A=   W
1 "
!!
 ..

P  ?
r . )J 
E
n  .D

? 
>#D ? , .ND ? , D  ,
N#D ? . 

A=P(1- ) n  W  .


n .T    A=P(1- ) n  W

 ..

P  ? ,r . )J ,
E n  .D

P
n .T    A=   W
 1# "
!!
 ..

P  ? ,r . )J ,
E n  .D

YL  L
 UN N   E  YL 
K YL = 2 ( E +  ) 
 YL = 4 x  
  YL = U #D 8 
#   YL = N  + +)
= YL =  LD 8
 YL =  LD 8
, YL =  LD 8
   YL 2a + 2 a & h
 YL P = 2 r 
 YL P = ( +2) r 
(
  YL P=( +2 ) r 


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L
      L  L


K L = E x  .
 A=lb

 L =  x  .
2
 A=a

#  

L= (N  x ) .


 A= bh


  L = (N  x ) .


 A= bh


 ? : A = r2 . r   

2
 ? : A = r .


##   L: A = r 2 . r  




, ? h (a+b) .

a,b   # h 
 #T L

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 ? A = bh . b  N  h
 

 2
a a   ? A= a . a 

  

a a
h
   ? A =h ) & * .

##   ? A=+, , & ), & -, & .

/01
. s=

a,b,c  #

 ? A= d( h1 + h2 ) .

d U h1 , h2  ) J >
U  #  #

= ? A = ( d1 d2 ) .

d1 , d2  U#

= ? A = bh . b
 N  h  

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K

L = DJK ?  K ?



? = D  ?   ?

    D0   r D  E
2
l= 2r
345
   YL p = l + 2r
    D0   r D
2
  ? A= r2
345
 E l   r     ? A=

lr

  ?? = ph
p--  NJYL
h-- 
  ? ph + 2A
p--  NJYL , h--  ,
A  N?
  L = Ah
h--  , A  N?
K ? 2h( l+ b)
E l  b  h
2
 ? = 4 a
K ? = 2 ( lb + bh + lh)
2

  ? = 6a
K L = l b h
3

 L V = a
2 2 2
 8 l , h, r  ( )? l = h + r
8 ? =    ?
2 2
rl = r
345
= (
.,
E L =   ?  
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 ,  ?
   L
#D . =
   L

) ? ? L
 2rh 2r ( h + r) r2 h
 E 2h (R + r) 2 ( R + r)(R r +h) h (R + r)(R- r)

8? rl r ( l + r) 
r 2 h
3
. ----------------- ------------------------- 
h( R 2 + r 2+Rr)
3
 4r 2 --------------------------- 
r 3
3
 E ------- --------------------------- 
( R3 - r 3 )
 3

 2r 2 3r 2 
r 3
3
 E 2( R 2 + r 2) (3 R 2 + r 2) 
( R3 - r 3 )
 3

.  # >  
 #  #  K > 
,
  # >  #
0
  360
  180 0
0
   90
K ?  #   ? 

 

A    =
K N 6  [ 

A  n D N) D A   

A ) B  U #  =) D A
 B  = D  3 : 1
N A  B  T #D  1:3

   L  1,2,3,4,5,6
8 D S = { 1,2,3,4,5,6} n(S) = 6

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 8D n LD m L A  MJ J
 n(S) = n n(A) = m  MJ A  ML P(A)
 m  n    
6 J LD .
P(A)=
 LD  .
6
P(A)=
7

    n(S) =6

    D 8D
S={ (1, 1), (1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (1, 5), (1, 6),
(2, 1), (2, 2), (2, 3), (2, 4), (2, 5), (2, 6),
(3, 1), (3, 2), (3, 3), (3, 4), (3, 5), (3, 6),
(4, 1), (4, 2), (4, 3), (4, 4), (4, 5), (4, 6),
(5, 1), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 4), (5, 5), (5, 6),
(6, 1), (6, 2), (6, 3), (6, 4), (6, 5), (6, 6) }
n(S) = 36

Number Series
 .
.  .  .  . .N # 
 . 
2,4,6,8,10,12.........

 .
. .  .  1,3,5,7,9,11....

C ) . 1,4,9,16,25,36,49,64,81,100........

C . 1,8,27,64,125,216

. : .  . . . 
2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19,23,29,31,37,41,43,47,53,59,61,67,71,73,79,83,89,97
# 
2  #  2,4,6,8,10,12,14,16,18,20....
3  #  3,6,9,12,15,18,21,24,27,30.....
4  #  4,8,12,16,20,24,28,32,36,40.......
5  #  5,10,15,20,25,30,35,40,45,50...
6  #  6,12,18,24,30,36,42,48,54,60......
7  #  7,14,21,28,35,42,49,56,63,70......
8  #  8,16,24,32,40,48,56,64,72,80.....
9  #  9,18,27,36,45,54,63,72,81,90......

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8) , a , a+d , a+2d, a+3d ,a+4d a  ? d 

2
 ) , ar,ar ,ar3,ar4......... a  ? r  

>
2  >
 .  . 0,2,4,6,8  N> > . 2 
.  . 2   .
M . . 
23450, 12 , 3454 , 123456 , 78 ,
. .D  . 0,2,4,6,8  N.
. . 2  
5  >
 .  . 0  5  N> > . 5
   23450 , 45675 ,155 ( . 0 
5  N) . . . 5  
10  >
 .  . 0  N> > . 10 
. 3450 , 1000, 5678 ( . 0  N)
. . 10  
4  >
 . . # ( 1, 10  #) 4 
 > . 4  

2128  . # 28  4   . 2128
 4  .
567684  . 4   .D . # 84
 4  K 
8  >
 . U # ( 1, 10 , 100  #) 8
  > . 8  

4567248  . U # 248 .
248  8   .
4567248  8  
3  >
 . #D 8 3   > . 3 

 3456
3456   #D 8 3 +4+5+6 =18
18   #D 8 1+ 8 = 9 .

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#D 8 9  3   3456  3 

9  >
 . #D 8 9   > . 9 


. #D 8 9  

61 6 + 1 = 7 

## 558 5 + 5 + 8 =18 ; 1+8 = 9 

971 9 + 7 + 1= 17 ; 1 + 7 = 8 

54000 5 + 4 + 0 + 0 + 0 = 9 

6  >
 . 2  3   > . 6  
11  >
 .  .D #D 8I  
.D #D 8I    0
 11  # > > . 11  .
(> # . .)
33 , 781 , 10428 , 56122 , 805651  . 
#   
#D #D
8 8
3 3 3 3 0

7 8 1 1+7 = 8 8 0

1 0 4 2 8 8+4+1 = 13 2+0 =2 13 2 = 11

5 6 1 2 2 2+1+5 =8 2+6 =8 8 8 = 0

8 0 5 6 5 1 1+6+0 =7 5 +5+8 = 18 18 - 7 = 11

. .  11  

100  , . O 
  . ) U   
, C . .
  . C .  > .
  . 

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  . C .  > .
 D  .

191  .
14 > 191
191  14  > . 2,3,5,7,11,13
 191  .

391  .
20 > 391
20  > . 2,3,5,7,11,13,17,19 
391  17   391  . 

 .  a, b   > . a  b a, b
 ) .  .  a, b 
.T -    1  .

 52563744  24   D  3  8 
 I 3,8  ) . . 52563744 
3  8 = 24  

 . = (  .  L ) + -

 / 

 D # 
#    )
 D      )
 D      D 

 D      D
 
  =  + C )  L +
 L
 =   
  =  + 
 =   


E =  55

 =   
 =  +  

  =  

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
 
E =  100


 D  =  .
.

 %

 %
 D   =  .

 D  =  .
.

# %

# %
 D  
  .

 , 
 , =  D 

 ,
 ,  =  100
D 
I .N =D  +  ,

?D - # T
    .D ? 
 .> #  ? 
 # 
 U D ?,> T K ) #
   # 
  #   # # U
 
JY
E :    ,   J  
 

 #T , ,, 

,
?D 8
, =
?D .

#  ,  # , , 
 ? 
  #D .  >  

  #D .  > . 
#D 8, 
L M  # 
.  #    



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  #D .   
 

    L O
      
> .   D 8 C   .
0
    360  K  
L  ,  .
  ?
  L = x 360 0
 ?
#D D L 
E 
  ?
L = x 360 0

 
;
.
.- /  - /    .
<
<
- / .
.- /     .
;
l - ) E      D 
 l -    T  
l - ) E  x - ) E   
 l + x -    T  
.    ,NK
,NK  
 #T 
.  K   ,NK  
 #D 8 
a - ) ,b - ) E .  u m/s  v m/s, 
/0
)  
   
=>
N
a - ) ,b - ) E .  u m/s  v m/s, 
  I   I
/0
   N
=#>
A >  1  B ( B >  2  A
(    > ?   .
  >   1  B t1
N(  2  A t2 N(  .
 1   :  2   = t1 : t2
  c x kmph I  c y kmph.
 ?@
I   , 

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