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Practice Exercise

1. What are the most abundant molecules in nature?


a. Peptides
b. Carbohydrates
c. Amino Acids
d. Enzymes
2. Which is not a biological function of carbohydrates?
a. As energy sources
b. As structural material
c. As catalysts
d. As precursors in the production of other biomolecules
3. Simple sugars can exist as?
a. Polyhydroxy aldehyde
b. Polyhydroxy ketone
c. All of the above
d. None of the above
4. What do you call a 5 C monosaccharide?
a. Triose
b. Tetrose
c. Pentose
d. Hexose
5. All of these are properties of chiral carbons except
a. It is asymmetric
b. It is usually attached to two H atoms
c. It is attached to four different types of atoms or groups
d. None of the above

Given the following monosaccharides, classify them (a) as either aldoses or ketoses; (b) by the number
of carbon atoms it contains; (c) identify them as either D- or L-sugar and (d) determine the number of
chiral carbons.

1.
2.
3.

5.

4.

Given the following Haworth projections, identify (a) if it is either a pyranose or furanose; (b) the
anomeric carbon; and (c) the type of anomer.

3.
1.

2.
Given the following carbohydrates, classify them in terms of the number of sugar units they possess.

1.

2.

3.
Given the following fisher projections, convert them into Hayworth projections and identify whether it is
a pyranose or a furanose.

1.

2.

3.